Newspaper Page Text
Htw Hr. PWppc Btt.
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Tht !Wvtrtfl We NMi.
Br ARTHUR BRISBANE.
7 (0rrtrfce mi.)
Pm wnwt hnproresicats are
important Loavrn how Mr.
HMW digging his cellar op
poml the Kitz-Carltoa Hotel in
Kw York city.
0e Mr. Phipps was Tery poor.
He sold gunpowder as clerk in a
tore, and when his long day was
ended he walked eight miles to
keep books for a blacksmith not
good at figures.
He, the blacksmith, and Andrew
Carnegie went into the steel busi
ness together. They were Scotch,
earafal, and made money, TENS
Along came J. Pierpont Morgan,
ot Scotch, not careful. He bought
them out for HUNDREDS of mil
lions added a thouo i millions of
watered stock to the Snancial
salad mad they were all very rich.
' Now Mr. Phipps having torn
down the building in which Ver
non Castle used to give his dan
cing lessons is taking out the rock
from the bottom of his deep cel
lar. You will see hope for the so
lution of our labor problem in the
way Mr. Phipps digs solid rock,
with one single workiagman in the
hole, thirty or forty feet below the
Dynamite has looeeifie rock.
It lies in huge pieces, weighing
tons or more. A hundred men
down there could sot lift one of
them. In das when pyramids
were built thousands would have
l sweated and died under the lash,
with barely enough to eat, moving
Today Mr. Phipps' rock mover
gets X or $7 a day, and the hard
est work he does is to move his
right hand gently.
There k a steel crane on the
sidewalk; the engine lowers and
pulls up a steel cable with an iron
hook at the end.
At the solitary workman's feet
lies a great solid iron ball that
must weigh half a ton, half as big
as a barrel. The workman beck
ons, the steel hook drops beside
the iron ball and is attached by a
fishhook arrangement to which is
fastened a long rope.
The ball is hauled up into the
air forty feet above one of the huge
'stone Mocks. A slight pull on the
rope, the ball, falls with terrific
- force and shatters the rock into
small pis pas. This operation is re-feeeted-wntil
aH the big rooks are
If you put fifty men with sledge
hammers poundmg for aSf hour
they could not shatter those blocks
granite as they are shattered
the huge iron ball falling once.
lite as they are shattered
Toe workman's moving finger, the
engineer above at the throttle and
a lew pounds of coal have done
all the work.
Next workmen will put the
small pieces of rock into wooden
jeerriers, directed by the waving
linger of this rock breaker. These
' boxes are lifWL no man making
any physical effort, and dropped
by the engine on big automobiles
and carried away.
Thus Mr. Phipps, who keeps
young by working, digs his cellar
out of the solid rock of Manhat
tan, using the power of gravita
tion locked up in an iron ball to
break his rock, the power of
steam, expanding, to haul it up
and the power of gasoline, ex
ploding, to haul it away.
In this cellar-digging process
you see what will be ultimately
the solution of the labor and pro
duction problems. With steel,
gasoline, brains and half a dozen
workmen at the most, Mr. Phipps
will dig his rock cellar more
rapidlv than a thousand men could
have dug it in the old days.
And as he is saving labor in his
stone cellar, enabling one man to
do the work of a hundred, so labor
is being saved in the fields by har
vesting machinery, and in the
mills where a machine, in one day,
can do the work of a thousand
Men, machinery, and brains
combined will produce plenty for
all. including reasonable leisure
for all; good pay for those that
work, fair profit for those that in
vest, generous pay for those that
invent and improve.
The trouble has been, in the
past, unwillingness to give work
ers a fair share of the increased
That man in the stone cellar,
moving his finger, intelligently di
recting the steam eneine above,
'docs the work that a HUNDRED
men used to do. It is not too
much to give him the pav that
TEX men used to get. Even at
. that price -you are ahead the
labor of ninety men.
When the Medici princess, de
scendant of the great Italian mcr
. chant, left Flecence for Marseilles
on her way to marry Henrv the
Fourth of France hundreds of
men were fastened to the oars.
The short Mediterranean passage
lasted seventeen days..
She could make the trip now in
a few hours, with a hharp-noscd
boat, a few gallons of gasoline and
The inventor of the gamine
engine is entitled lo his millions
if he ants what is iianecessarv
Tlie engineer i entitled to fair
age unaer improved prodact'oa.
So i the a: an dlroia? the rock
bresking for Mr Paipp-. and every
o'her honeei. worise
Euiplo.vers must ih ei! forcnod
"President's Condition Not
GARY AGAIN SPURNS ARBITRATION
President Wilson's condition this
morning was not at all good, accord
ing to a statement issued, by Dr
Cary T. Grayson, his physician.
The statement said:
"The President had a fairly good
Bight, but his condition is not at all
food this morning.
Dr .Grayson has called into consul
tation Dr. F. X. Dercum, of Philadel
phia, a nerve specialist He is ex
pected at the White House late this
May Call Eye Specialist.
Later he may call Dr. George De
Schweimitz, an eye specialist, also of
Philadelphia. He Is the President's
regular eye specialist whom he con
sults twice each year.
The President is in a highly nerv
ous condition, Jt was stated, although
no alarming symptoms have de
veloped. His friend and jJnyaiciaBs
have great difSculty in keeping him
away irora worx.
iHr. Grayson Mated today' -tMT tkW
rresiaem was at nrsi averse 10
summoning specialists, bf.i that he
Anally acquieaaed. He added that
the presenoe of the specialists
ehould not be the occasion of un
due alarm, as the President is able
to be about and insists on engag
ing actively in his work.
Age Caswe Cfclef Concern.
Concern over the condition of the
President is felt mainly for the rea
son that he is more than sixty-two
years old and underwent a tremen
dous strain in Pail and rather thin
take a rest plunged into Sis worn
with a vim on his .return and then
seriously aggravated his worn physi
cal system by taking the strenuous
transcontinental trip. His vitality is
not exhausted, but he needs time to
recuperate in the opinion of Dr. Gray
son. Rear Admiral Edward Rhodes Stitt,
merical corps of the Navy and bead of
the Naval Medical School, and Capt
John B. Dennis, director of the Naval
Dispensary in Washington, ware
called into consultation by Dr. Gray
son ase to the general aspects of the
case. Already Dr. Grayson has con
ferred with the two physicians, but
a general consultation may be held
Only Frreatitleaarr Mruirr.
Dr. Grayson emphasized that he
was calling in assistance as" a pre
cautionary measure and as a help to
him. His treatment of the President
requires mere time than one man is
able to give, it was stated.
In treating cases of this character,
it was pointed out. the condition of
the patient may vary from day to day
without affecting the general pro
gress toward recovery.
The Presidents physical symptoms
are such as to lead Dr Grayson to
believe he is well on the road to re
covery. In spite of the fact that his
condition this morning is not so good
as It has been, ii was made plain at
the White House.
To Stay at White Heac Thi Week.
No plan has been made for the
President to seek rest in a more se
cluded spot, although it has been sug-
wu "mi lie cannot avoid some re
action from the political battle in the
Senate if he remains here.
Dr. Grayson stated definitely that
the President will not leaie the
White House this week, and doubted
if he will do so later.
work: workers give a day of full
production for a good day's pay.
The duty of the general public is
to see to it that work is done with
out friction, fighting, strikes, waste,
stupid niggardliness at the top:
brutal, ignorant talk of revolution
at the bottom.
The only revolution this country
wants is the revolution IN
METHOD THAT HAS CHANGED
A HUNDRED UNDERPAID MEN.
SWINGING HEAVY SLEDGE
HAMMERS. INTO ONE SINGLE
HIGHLY PAID WORKMAN. MOV
ING HIS FINGER AND DIRECT
ING LABOR AS IT SHOULD BE
DIRECTED, with a minimum of
effort and a maximum of brains.
A human race sufficiently intelli
gent to build a Hying machine
ought to be intelligent enough to
feed and clothe itself and pay its
workers well without hatred or
fh e Das htnatcm
1 MMwiMMt vr eromnc (UteliHUng StmOajr)
Batered aereM-rUM maUr. at tk
peetefSe at WaafeJacten. r c
TING ALBERT AND QUEEN ELIZABETH OF
" BELGIUM, who arrived in New York today to
be the guests of the United States. They are accom
panied by Prince Leopold. They will remain incognito
until tomorrow at noon, when they will proceed to the
Battery from the Thirty-fourth street pier on a destroyer
to be officially welcomed to New York.
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WITH BEGUN KING
His Royal Highnesa Prince Leo
pold. Duke of Brabant
Baron de Cartier de Marchinne,
Belgian Ambassador to the United
Countess Chilain do Chara-man-Chimay.
lady in waiting to
Lieutenant General Baron Jac
ques, commander of the Third
Colonel Tilkens, of the General
Staff, aid" de camp to His Majestv
Count Guy D'Oultremont. major
of artillery, adjutant of the court.
Max Leo Gerard, secretary to
Charles Craux secretary to Her
Lieutenant of Cavalry Goffinet.
officer of ordnance to His Majesty
Lieutenant Colonel Nolf. physi
cian to their Majesties.
Pol Le Tellier. secretary of the
D'ANNUNZIO TO RUN
Italian Political Situation
Clearing as Nitti's Stand
HOME. Oct. 2 Gabriels D'An
nunzio. it was learned today, ha
consented to become a candidate in
the next elections for parliament
This will enable him to oppose Sig'n
nor Tedesco. minister of finance, who
will be a candidate at t'hilti. the
poet'! native province.
The Italian political situation Is
clearinpr. It becomes apparent that
the fight against rPremler Xitti was
due to fear that the government
would oppose officially the re-election
of many members of the op
position groups Nitti has instructed
the prefects that it is imperative
they maintain a neutral attitude
during the electoral campaign.
Following issuance of the decree
dissolving the chamber, hundreds of
deputies left hurriedly to begin their
campaign for re-election.
Th debate in the American Sen
ate on the Italian situation should !o
be .i lesson to .Mtti. the idea
Naxionale declared. The paper sas
the fact that the Senate considers
the landing of American troop at
Trau a dangerous precedent should
h otfrerjelv gratlfving tr Italy.
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SAYS ALLIES STILL
CENSOR U.S. MAIL
Peace Agreement Broken By
France and England, P. 0.
That England and Franco have con
tinued to censor mail of American cit
izens in spite of the agreement at the
peace conference that censorship
would be abandoned on June 21 last,
was brought out at a hearing today
before the House Committee on Ex
penditures in the Postoffice Depart
ment. Superintendent Maddox. of foreign
mails department, and during the
war chairman of the censorship
board, told the committee he believed
the several cases of censorship cited
at today's hearing were instances of
Congressman B. G. Humphrey said
that within the past ten days he had
received a letter opened by a British
censor. Chairman Frederick N. Zlhl
man said he had several letters that
had been opened by French and Brit
Mr. Zlhlman cited one case where
an American wrote to his wife in
Sweden. The letter was mailed on
July 3. It was rj.urned to him fen
September 5. two months later. It
had been opened bv a French censor.
Mr. Maddox to i the committee the
only iourne to fake would be to ask
the -iiate ivpartmnl to Investigate.
at All Good Today9 Dr. Grayson Says
NEW YORK, Oct. 2. King Al
bert and Queen Elizabeth, of Bel
gium, the first ruling sovereigns
ever to visit the United States,
stepped today upon the soil of a na
tion whose hearts already had been
touched and won by the heroism and
sacrifices of the Belgian peoples in
their war distress.
King Albert and Queen Elizabeth,
who have been described by Presi
dent Wilson as "real democrats," accompanied-
by the Belgian crown
prince, arrived at Hobokeupon the
liner George Washington at noon.
Entry a Triumphal One.
Although rain and fog and low
hanging clouds formed a miserable
weather combination, the entry of Bel
gian royalty to New York as the
gateway of the United States was a
triumphal one. The Belgian flag
wavflj proudly at the masthead of the
fiasrge Washington m she steamed
aer irom aiuirns cannon in mr rorta
jabout the city .roared and reyebrated
4cro3- the water.
Mayor Hylan and the mayor's com
mittee of welcome met the George
Washington down the bay to extend
greetings and felicitations. bu.t the
official welcome to the United States
will not be extended until tomorrow.
WITH INDIAN PRINCE
Cousin' of Khedive Steals
Daughter of Italian
FLORENCE. Italy. Oct. 2. Prince
Caracciolo, father of Princess Mary
Caracciolo. who eloped yesterday with
Prince Salidalim, world war veteran
and cousin of the Khedive of Egypt,
preferred a charge of abduction
against the latter today.
His action followed a conference
with the prince's father. Prince Me
homedalim, who also had refused con-
I sent to the marriage
Eleven Villages Captured
From Reds Despite Stub
HELSIXGFORS. Oct. I'.- Despite
stubborn resistance, eleven villages
have been captured in the general of
fensive movement of the Russian
northwestern army marching toward
Petrograd, according to advices re
ceived here. The offensive is continu
ing. The army is commanded by Gen
In a recent fiery speech at Petro
grad. Leon Trotzky. the Bolshevik
minister of war, declared that the
city must be held at all eosts because
It is the "eye" to the western front.
STATE IN EUROPE
GENEVA. Oct. 2 High .Austrian.
Hungarian and Bavarian politicians
now in Switzerland have been confer
ring for some time, it was disclosed
today, with a view to devising a basis
for the creation of a Catholic state In
central Europe, which would comprise
German Austria. Hungary and Ba
varia. A report is current that the allies
would grant Bavaria considerable
economic concessions If she broke
away from German. There is said
to be ttrong opposition to the plan
among the Bavarian people, however.
ABOLISH IIOTTEHIJAM BASE.
THE HAGli:. Oct Withdrawal
of the arm pmiion base at ftot.er
dam. established for French and
American force, was cnpleted tc 1av
OCTOBER L 1919.
AT 2ND CLASH
CINCINNATI, Oct 2. The
probable batteries fer the secend
gasse eT the Werl'd Series teday
Ciaciaaati Salke and Ralrdea.
Chics Wflliams and Sckalk.
Bright, het weather prevailed
here. The thereafter registered
84 at 11 e'cleck.
By HENEY L. FARRELL.
CINCINNATI, Oct. 2. This is an
Still smacking the sweet taste of
victory on his lips, Redland a.voKt
with a new dream. The chain mo:
ship in five games was the pet tion
laid before Pat Moran, now iii
"super miracle mas," by the dazed
natives who are searing around th
seventh heaven of baseball bBs.
Realizing that, thair yes ?
tney wanted more. JSf
There wasn't a dvinM n fi
lage that Moran and his elan of
m a . -
C LA M Li R R
cleaners would hop off U. ( hieuftwkVatofa -0 e
tonight with a two-game c ...r en the -,jyXn"'
Sallee ts. Williams.
Early morning crowds thatJi
med the streets and hotels indicated
that the ball yard would be taxed
again to its capacity this afternoon
when the two king southpaws of the
year "Slim" Sallee and Claude Wil
liams battled for the bacon of the
second game. There was a possibil
ity that Jimmy Ring would carry the
colors of the Reds against the Hose,
but Sallee is almost a certainty, un
less he does not warm up properly.
Sallee and Williams gave the dop-
(Continued on Page 2, Column 7.)
Keeping Up With
A FACT A DAY
Let Mr. Afcrtt testify:
Manager, Classified Ad
vertising, Washington Times,
I feel duty bound to
express to you my agree
able surprise at the re
sults realized from the
two - line advertisement,
under Help Wanted. I
had inserted in your paper
X have heretofore used
another local paper for
such purposes, only last
week putting in the same
advertisement I had with
you in this other local
paper. I had just one
reply. Applicants for the
position advertised in your
paper have been from
fifteen to twenty keeping
me busy answering them,
and they are still calling
this morning. I feel like
asking you to put in an
item advising the others
that are to come that the
position has been filled.
The Times shall get my
business for such pur
poses in the future. I did
not know that you could
produce such results at
Very truly yours,
C. R. AHALT.
Washington, D. C.
Sept. 29, 1919.
The Times warmly appre
ciates Mr. Ahalt's letter not
only for its evidence of The
Times' merits, but also for the
friendliness shown in taking
the trouble to tell his experience.
Landing of Americas marines
at Trau, Dalraatia, was at the re
quest of Italian authorities, and
resulted in preventing "a very
serious incident which might have
resulted ia open warfare between
Serbians and Italians," Hear Ad
miral Knapp, commending Amer
ican naval forces la European
waters, reported to the Navy De
partment Secretary of Navy Daniels te
day seat Kaapp's report te the
Senate ia reply to Senator New's
resolution asking informatiem on
DEAIH LIST IS
PLACED AT 1
ir.n. Mf mn to the
or Xa y armed, are
m -he courthouse
Clarendon. Ark., has seat 1M
Lula. MImi. thirty men. aad Me
Gee; Ark., tweaty-f've. They have a!
gone to th scene of the i-. .
which i between Bllaine and H op
Three Whites Killed.
Three white mea were killed. y
terday. ' Five hundred soldiers front Casio
Pike arived there this morning. They
are overseas veterans of the Third Di
vision and are armed with machine
Helena is patrolled by citizens, bat
no trouble has broken out here.
The disturbance started Wednesday
morning, when Sheriff Kitchens sent
deputies to arrest a bootlegger near
Elfaine. The ofHcers were tired an
from a negro church. One was killed
outright and another seriously
SarreaBded By Tfegreea.
At 10 a. ra. they telephoned that 159
whites ia that vicinity were sur
surrounded by 1.500 negroes, and
asked that assistance be sent.
Hundreds of white men began mov
ing toward the scene of the disturb
ance, many crossing the Mississippi
river from the Mississippi side.
One hundred prisoners, arretted at
Elaine, were brought to the Helena
jail today for safe keeping. They
were herded into town by the sheriffs
posse, which was sent to Elaine when
rioting got beyond control of local
Deputies feared If prisoners were
left in the Elaine Jail an organised
attempt might be made by their
friends to release them. The pris
oners were both whites and negroes.
IN RACE RIOT ZONE
OMAHA. Neb. Oct. 2 Mrs. W. G.
Wisner. a white woman, was attacked
by a negro in her home this after
noon The negro escaped. The Wis
ner home is in the heart of Omaha's
"black belt." which is under control
or troops under the command of MaJ.
Uen. Leonard Wood.
According to Mrs. Wisner the negro
entered her home while she was
alone with two small children. After
threatening to LIU the children if
they made an outcry the negro car
ried Mrs. Wisner from the house. As
soon as the assault was reported
troops threw a cordon around the
entire district and refused to permit
any one to
eave or enter tne M-
CRASHES TO EARTH
LONDON, ' -
the mail-carr z r
.trike started cras
New tastte-on-Tne t
was badly injured
' ' has
y. The pilot
e how as eooa air
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"fflniafoe. Ark.. ar''h; this
PRICE TWO CEKTS.
Copros or arbttra4s ta
steel strike was flatly sfmnMd kr
Jade E. H. Gary bfrt ta Stalls
Labor CoaftaMttee today.
"I can't talk afeet eomiaaiis r
arbitratioa at JUm arss-Yt tksa,"
Gary iteclarsd, stk u I ragrft K."
"Would yott asasC nwlea t dors
mw ia aa atto-iat to sM tlM
strike?" Senator Watea of Msatsas
"I wiH not boeause tay rsprwat
a nuaority," Gary said.
Whlla Oar- was testifying; Saawsoif
Cempors, preaidsat of tha AsssoJ i
eaa Pedratia of Labr. aa' othir,
jft4rs of that orgaaiaatioa waahid
low on one side. Gotapora ad ais
iatoa liatonad iataaMr to wrorr
-Uttaraaca of Gary.
Ofcly a tew ft iaooroonod
th hwd oC hw otaoi eorma
loader or oanisod laoor aa ay
iorod. ho-MooW t-Ohoiat- VHm
tbroogk fma, wrinmJUm,
heads of subsidiary oosftpaoJoff tmJTtkm
corporation offtcfals. the wtti
N'o auggestions has
ihreogh this method that hare not
been approved, he added.
Senator Kenym MhH f tb otool
icarporatmn had a(tmitd
"Tbre ,8 boltelv
f'i I at tatnent.
"You thkn,tlte fora Uawt !
rcpiu.hyr th stri. e yoo aotr
Gary said it was impaMible l:
supply the corporation labor demand
by American men alone. '
Large numbers of foreigners have
become Americanised and are dofog
skilled work, he explained. ,
"How do the men present any griev
ances, and who Is there to .speak fer
the men?" Kenyon asked.
"And regard of the question of
unionism, how can the mea present
their grievances without be tag ergaa
iied?" KKither individually or through or
ganized committee which is fre
quently done." Gary replied.
"Ton are familiar with the poli
cies enunciated by the War Labor
Board?" Kenyon asked.
"To some extent, but not particu
larly," Gary answered.
Kenyon read one of .its poiieiea
supporting collective bargaining-.
"Did you subscribe to that in war
time?" Kenyon asked.
"If by collective bargaining tom
mean through their own ommitteea.
yes," Gary answered.
"How about the right to organise
unions?" Kenyott asked.
"We indorse that," Gary aoswered.
"Anybody haa the right te fern a
"I'd like te know the differenoe be
tween you and the labor aniens?" Sen
ator Jones of New Mexico asked.
"If you mean to say that the only
solution is to let this strike wear it
self out. we might aa well and tala
examination here." Senator Jup-t '"-.
"Your statement is very clear aad
comprehensive." Gary repVed. "Too
and I may differently interpret pah Me
sentiment of the country, hut we are
acting oa our beat Judgment."
Wen't Treat With TTadeaa.
Immediately before kis refusal of
arbitration, Gary had said ia rooty
to a. question by Senator Walaa, ?: ,
he would refuse to aaeef waoa
leaders in an attempt o Oettta th--strike.
"Why dea't y-j War It to the
President of ".- failed State
determine W.ir they ropreseot a
minority or a .ajcr ty .isn't that,
fair?" Weiah pr.--u. "' want t
kn' if our oavincd, that thef
, -, art- -.- eit
' i?cb t th .. I'm .equired to an
swer a qufuin to wna.t x wwa
to . i r oi circumataaeee,' Gary
rei n. I ': sorry to differ with ye
I. ti" ic on this question."
' -orry for the thousands of
i and children who are suffering
r this strike." Walsh interrupted.
"You doa't give Mr. Gary a ehaaee
to answer the question. R. V. L4o
bury. Gary's counsel protested.
"The unln labor leaders, or eoaee
of them acting upon the extats: oir
cumstances. utilizing a comparatively
small minority of foreigners, have
brought about this strike, which hi aa
attempt on the part of a minority
secure 'ontrol of the empleyerjr as
(Continued on Page 3, CokaaoaJLj. ,