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- ' ' ' I ',' ' l-l Lg WASHINGTON OCTOBER 6, 1919 :,- ItelMt&t Who Started It? COFFMAN The Zone Fare Ftsrht Has THE NATIONAL DAILY -Be. S. lltUKOttM. Yet Been Won Bv the Peflufc Baiter aad Omr. t T IRiW PiAIIAm- mUw at tlut FutoON at Washington, D. a EDITORIAL PAGE OF THE -:- -:- vr i h Mt "gr ThHsaiasT Trtrr KvMtsr ,w -w Times Comi ions: 1 year (Inc. MOKDAT. OCTOBBR C. IMi. if You Are Over 40, Be Careful Jff Bomebodj Flatten Ton by Saying, "How Young Yoa Are," Don't Believe It. . Wide publicity radar the hoaffiiig, "Do Y Want jBtacaal Youth, " baa been given, to the following nraaozip iion of daily nwoiax far man of sedentary oooBpaiiow: FIRST. Put feet on edge of bed with bodj ,. extended and palms of Hands on the floor. Raise your fcodj to full length of arms 100 tunes. r'-: . SECOND. Stand erect, raise teg until knee touch ' the shoulders, keeping body straight, 100 times. THIRD. Sick as high lags, 100 tunes. FOTJBTH. Stand erect k hands, raise arms and pass hands back of head aa low sown your back as you can, 100 times. . . . FIFTH. Stand erect, with rigidly straight kgs; do not bend the knees; stoop down and place your thumbs between your heels without bending legs, 100 times. raxTil. Stand erect extend both arms and ioJentiy swing your hands toward center of your back, 100 times. SEVENTH. Lie net on the floor, fold arms; raise yourself , keeping your legs straight, 100 fimei ; BiaHTH lie flat on back; raise lags will stakt Wer your waist, kick upward, 10 times. ' ''.' Than, take your bath, and. eat a hearjfcy "breakfast, iA walk three miles. ' ' "'"'? 'To faflow these rules would be aa txoeflaut way i;or a yer forty to kfll htmsiK. Ho young man Bauds such violent exeroist as mis. Ho nriddksged man, who beoauae 'of h yean ass boooomt hahttuafly inactive, should attempt it. , - There is just as much dangar la Tnraossi physical aetfrity as m neglecting it. A mau'i heart at forty has begin to got tired of its afroswtonoas job of beating etffcty times a mlmuea, twenty f oar hours & day. B3s veins, in childhood as soft and amatk aa the thin neat rubber, hare began to. lose their resfiieney and lack anmmmnssHia fur the rtiauiif of Mood for the heart raaaumg ninny from for Ha output His muacies hare loot tome of their suppjeam and some of their prompt abodmaoe to the nuad. They ns longer co-ordinate as in youth. The bones, which in earlier years bout to blows and strains, hare beoome brittle with their aoorotioM of lint sad break when too great a demand is made upon their mSJsnSMs"pmejF" jt y foanetime mam will be wiser. He will in time learn bow to live. Ha wiU be awe to stretch youth to forty aad middle ago. to a hundred, reaching his moot fruitful aad useful PJtwd at from ninety to the century mark. ' TAs ha is bow, at forty he must begin to use care. He must abstain from violence in every form. He must be careful in eating asd drinking. He must sleep regularly, stthtmgh with increasing years he will sleep less. 'But especially must he refrain from violence in exer cise, and the attempt to follow the formula of activities which is printed above and which publicity may lead many to undertake would in every case shorten life, and in many eases be suddenly fatal . : .After forty you can afford to take' exercise with about the same reserve that you take advice, and that, with most of us, is with considerable moderation. War, Nat Peace, T t BittM- TK TIXXS: Taar 4iUrka is Th TiatM of ea twafctr 24 jlaMd me very' much, m cially your rfew m the "Lag:u f Watiaac" I arrae with you that t i war, aat aaaee. that will follow lit vatlSaatfaa, aad I eaa but woaaer uaw aatyaaa eaa taiak atarwi. I jaartily wiah that evry American auU road jroar edHarlato Sa regard to It. I alao wiak that w nad publie ron who were aroad aaaMch to drop politic at atteh a critical time and flak taafa- awa arlvate amaltioas aad attar aeta aat at ait-at tor tae rood of i!m naftaa. SelSaaaoM ruiea tae warM. aad Jhm atrtwk tae keyaote t TKK TIXM: ta eaauaead aa article which In your paper yesterday eoa- i "aw It la vary true that iaaciaaUon aad fear So peach to owoaaia disease; If asM's mm M atayea aa t9 saia a toafliaM. aaldSaar a Um -r aad taa apYaaetaar d 4m M 5g to sisaa aaast " Uemammmmt Don't Think About Flu amamammmmmmmmaB tlnetedtuer ) by ipany, Munsey Brar., Peitnsyh Suneeys). T.M; MMtiu. Il.tel 1 W - - - - - lYtniiAye Meat. as you ean with alternating lock the fingers of both axertios From League whea be said "Marvel not that I y uato you ye must he hora taln." I am glad of this opportunity t thank you for your timely, kind words oa the woman quentlon. It warms my heart to knew that we have a. champion who never fail to take the part of the defeaeeleas. I am one of the dried peaches in Uncle Sam's service, though I have no com plaint to make of the treatment I have received, yet I see injustice in regard to others. I am hoping and praying for the passage of the re tirement hill, which has been too long delayed. An appreciative reader, Mrs. P. JE. would not he seared into thinking every little cold or sore throat symp toms of the disease. Right thinking is the hast eawtlen oae eaa poseiMy use against disease of aay kind. With this in mind there would he no so-called ".' 'mmA vm win i (mat peapie who araotioe rtght think leag aad sight Hrteg w asoaae she ''. a aisease. u.m. UUUUBrBSSSSSSU--nW r .BvmfvBUUUWak ssssstem""ssr5. mssssranr u - - ralmuKsnuh. ' ; amssWAAJsmLj MraJf-seP " t,-tv '" ' '' L " ' --PaAsasraaae - , , ajr aErfSamu ' BJMftgBummsmisr ' ' '-...- ' ' , ' ' ;; ,,., ismamuv " A wV "msssssssssmmr .m bl . -:i .f , spw v ' . i - J rvmaatssBBBv .L. a I P. . Ur Jm i- I I !-' k1- J .uV BSSSSSBmSSSSSSSSk .mSSSSSav J - - - I h"MA Vj- I iA ' . f " BBBBBSBBBBBBBBBBBaSa uuuuu snuuuuumaw umVems Vaeaw a t 2SeeB 3 ' : . leaiui THE ITS all wrois. The aatiqaa tyiiosB. wkarebr we stragslaa tkrottgii eikt or niae years of raasliBS, writiag aad arithmetic, aad thea. ware awdaealy laaied la high school to tackle such ays terioua subjects as Latia, scieace aad algebra, is all wrong. Educa tors saw advocate a sort of shock absorber kaowm as a junior high school. A junior high school, in case you haven't kept up with the styles in education, takes the place of seventh and eighth grades and first year high school. The pupil is promoted from the sixth grade into the junior high school, where he continues some of the old grammar school studies, and at the same time is gradually and painleeesly Introduced to high school subjects and high school methods of teaching. Graduates from the junior high school enter the second year of a regular high school. The need for a transition school of this sort may seem a trivial matter, but experiments have proved its practical value as a Paeans of keeping the growing boy and girl in school, and now the number of junior high schools In the country is increasing by; hundreds every year. According to a report by Com missioner of Education Claxton, only one out of every sixteen chil dren who enter the first grade of our public schools progreesses far enough to obtain a high school diploma. To elaborate 4.0S6.091 children entered first grade in 1906. In 1913 the class reached eighth grade with an enrollment of l,244,d8. The next year, when these same children entered high school the class had shrunk to 630,000, and of these only thirty nine per cent graduated In 1J1S 245,000 high school graduates out of 4,000.000 first graders. The High Scheel Problem. The big drop comes between the eighth grade and high school, and during high school years the enrollment steadily falls. The rea son for this, it is stated, is not so often that the pupil is needed at home or has to leave school to work, as that he is kept at ele mentary studies too long and does not take enough interest in school to enter high school, or else that he enters high, school but never gets adjusted -to the standards there. Be leaves the eighth grade where he is called Harry aad treated aeeerdingly, and enters tfce -ajuji2 V out!! '.'..'' I. .!'; , vTsmw - xsamV v '' "' x. mi inmmmsSr ssmmmu 1'- -'l' sfi vsatsmmw aSSSSmT A J v t? - VsSssf HASKIN LETTER A SHORT CUT By FRBDEKIC classical and altogether different atmosphere of high school to be called. Mr. Smith. Instead of having one ever-watchful teacher to keep him on the job, he now has from two to eight, none of whom take any special interest in Mr. Smith aside from1 his conduct in one particular class room. The greater amount of freedom given is not always used wisely, and the student's sense of responsibility is not always sufficiently developed for him to work alone. As a re sult he falls behind in his work, becomes discouraged, and sooner or later quits school for good. It is in cases of this sort that the junior high school scores. In-, stead of being counted in with "the children" until he is thir teen or fourteen, Harry Smith is sent to junior high school at eleven or twelve. Instead of hav ing one teacher, he has two, or possibly three, but one is his par ticular guardian and is definitely accountable for him. As his inter est in geography, American his tory, and grammar are rapidly waning on account of too long familiarity with such subjects, some of these are dropped and he is given a chance to take up a for WHATEVER YOU WANT TO KNOW The Tim.M will attempt to answer any questions of fact for amy reader. All replies are mailed direct to the inquirer. Wrjte year ques tion to The Times Information Bureau., Frederic J. Hashin, director. Enclose i-cent stamp. Do not telephone. Q Da the pton in a steam engine top at the rM of Itn stroke? R. M. A. - The Bureau of Standard say that the ptatuii doe atop. In a theoretically Prfet eclK thla step would he in Aalte4mally awall. In an actual engine It la tomrer a4n-e time la required In tak ing up the alack In the hearing!. Q. -la It true tht the ex-kalir had some of the walla f Jerusalem torn dawn whee he vtaltad that elty? T. T. H. A The fcntaer wanted to make an Im peeinc dies lay aad the sate In the walla at Jerusalem wm not wide enough to ac nommodata the mounted eavaloade aa he had planned It. The gap waa wldeaedi at M reoeeet. Q- Hew ia a poottiea ef second-claw poetmajKfrr Sited whea it heceeaes vaeantt . W. T. M. A. When such a vaeeney occurs the petHMtr general certifies the fact to the Civil Service Cemmleslon. This com mission arranges for an open, competitive examination to nil the vacancy. Q. What U the fastest speed ever at tatned by an automobile? K. K. This record Is held by Ralph de Palma. and waa made at Daytena. Fla.. February II. of this year. He drove his machine at the rate ef It mile an hour. Q Is the civil year, aa we count It. exactly the same aa the sun year J J W. A. The adjustments mde by iep yar make eivll time so nearly eorreot that it will take !. years for it te get one "day amor from the mathematically accurate TO EDUCATION J. HASKIN eign language, typewriting, or manual training. Change Take ralee. As be progresses through the three years, the coarse becewes more and more the typteal high school regime. Athletics, debate, and dramatic work are introduced to take the place of playeround games anti other amusements in vogue in the graded school. In cities, the junior high school course usually includes domestic science for girls and shop work for boys. In rural schools, agri culture is added to the vocational schedule, and a model truck gar den is planted and studied by the pupils. A resume of even a few of the junior high school systems now in force In this country shows a great variety of subjects taught The junior high school is planned on a more flexible order than the regu lar high school, and everywhere the aim is to fit the pupil for life in the community. At the same time ,the courses are so arranged that a prospective college student can take the work required for college entrance. Promotion is made by subjects, as in high Q. Is it true that the Seminole Indians ..in ,...'.,.- to Be reconciled - white domination ? X. . iX .- . ..f Semlnoles atlll live auri tnm rhi T-vteH. 'nd avoid adopting their civilization. They live in the Everglades ot riuriua. In regions not habitable for white men. and are left largely to them selves. There are about 1.5M ef them.' Q. Where was Samuel Oompera born? S. A.T. A. Samuel L. Oompera was hern In Lon don, Hngland, In I860, of Jewish parents. He was a clgarmaker by trade and early became Interested In organised labor. Q. How warf It that Spain foreed Bmg land to buy her oranges during the war? T. F. A. When the war situation In Kngland waa at its tensest point a ban was put ea the Importation of citrus fruit, as It was considered non-essential. This was a hard blow to the citrus fruit Industry ef Spain. Spain waa a leading producer of pyrites whleh Is used In making steel. Spain re fused to let Kngland have pyrites unless the ban was lifted from citrus fruit, and Kngland was forced to meet the Spanish terms. The Bureau, cannot give advice on legal, medical, and financial matters. It does not attempt to settle domestic troubles, nor to undertake exhaust ive research en any subject. soaooi, so that ycttta f.ttiac m part of the work ordssarily re peat only those snejeots. He Xet a Hew . The janlor high school idea has been under considoraUosi for about twenty years. A ohaasje from the eight year elementary, iomr year soaosMsary, system waa proposed m. 1M2 when a group of edvoators dfecMfted the matter of irrkUng the twelve years of public school education into six years graded school and six years high school. It was them declared that eight years is too much time to devote to elementary subjects and. that the public school course would be better shortened or the two years transferred to high school work. The original purpose in shorten ing the years of public schooling was to lower the age of college en trance. The plea waa that on an average students entered college at eighteen yara, after which they must cover seven or eight years of college and university work m order to enter a professcton. The result, according to President BlioC of aHrvard, was that "the average college graduate who fits himself well for any one of the learned professions, including teaching, can hardly begin to support him self before he is twenty-seven years old." This argument was considered very potent, but as neither colleges nor high schools ever agreed to shorten their courses or lesson their requie menU nothing came of it Introduced In 1819. The conference of 1862 did, however, lead to the junior high school, which has in the past few years become so popular. In I860, the first junior high school was introduced, and ten years later there were only nine in the coun ty. But since then, the prospect has grown rapidly until now jun ior high schools are in, operation in all parts of the country. The change in organisation is. too new and the schools are two scattered for any up-to-date nation-wide statistics to have been collected. But whenever the new system has been put into effect comparative figures and instance show that a large percentage of pupils who otherwise would haw obtained no high school education are sufficiently interested by the junior high school course to com plete it, and often go en to the. senior high school. I By BABL I tlw fhMh of fttppftifttfaim to those who Itm pt wp m oosmncMg t flght ifpimt the) impoitioB of a mae fe ftjnrfasm poa the city of WMhingtrm, do not lose .right of the ftlurttlwPiibiieUtiJiii or intinftied that H viO dwo ite potiiioii. Thw it vmj nmm to lrii7f the coniiinaion iiifl do everything im ifr power t harden the mborlpmii rot&at with tat iUiouieit troohiee of the Washington Railway ana He4ric Gompomy. Despite the fact that orgjuusations ntmhermg fifty thotjftwad taxpayers hare followed the lead ef thia news paper and hare Mi logical and hitter proteeta hef ore the mwiiiiiiswi"i M" wvwx am only began. The people moat inteteeted are thoae who have bought heosM in the newer residential diatricte and ia the rahorbt. - They wiH be node the eeapegoata for the nmJeiiniiiis: traik. of the street mlwayi, for the mpitaHantion of the jfiminfj li-fr - A r " L mfhmr Tnnnninuri They will he taxed at least TEH CHRTSADATMORE for the privilege of goiiig to work atf jb addition to present oix faro--wtthont good serrioe they willJtaTe to pay at least thirty doOars a year MORE Thia tax will insure drndeiwhi, perhaps, hat thfre has been jrheoawtely HO guarantee of aerviee. TSse fifty thowand people who have been heard through flamy leesentstives are aot ALL the people on whom this Iwrdeh wffl fait There are thousands of others, not erganiaed. ttstreare thooaeads of families K viiig in the iaterwr of the city who j the fine weather wiH he TAXED ontrageonaly for the Iiviiege of tsOdbtg their children into the parhe or open These Dcooie have, their - - They aw not the rind who have A . m . Si car sanee tae antosaooue was invenua. Look brer the newspapers of Washington aad find out those who have endorsed the pgopoaitioti to TAX swhOfbas ea a Oa dwelier for going to work; and taoae who aave given is sSent assent by not fighting it Then remember the verse of St. Lake: "Wn where your treasnre is, there wiH yowr heeboaleo." This newspaper, having no iiitereat esoapi Hie deveiop inont of Waahingteai and the KX)D OT THB MCIPIJ. OF WASBDffGTON, is deligJUed to see vmt its titmrn hswaert ateaek on the none fare ayetsm hen hoam feflavwed JcJt H EARD- AKTTSEEN lenrhig tol pf o ThmsasMarhw4 mreatociapor li a at. -en hale are pries that they mt Mto, evte tftavr ware aooapsoaaoa wanso Bora's whore I pet ea the Sportlag this evening on neereatiom alloyn. That's the way to itert oflC a story it they worked in thhr ottos thoy 1ro34n't have thMO to piay dutlrphss fWhat in Sasa Hm A csaa, anyhow?) CosBmoroial, Nation! asd D Lne will f4aa toaJarkit.' If asUT two iu . sat: insrehor withoat aomoono syis thojr wore daohing I have Jast ateesheo: roadtet; year tiasely artleJe la the Oetohor 4 TOeara aad SeeaH eolaaa. and while I aareo wKa ye that affairs are ia a state aad seed reaaedyis. I ! strained to eorreot a few oc the stato BMBts year article eoaeateed, la oraor that the paeiic seay that the Milk distributers here are aot ootte as had as paiated. To o,ote the letter froea oae ot your eoatrlhators: MMk prodocers oa October 1 raised the prlee from 40 eeats a galle to forty four ceats a gallon, an iaereaeo of 4 eeats." This Is aot so. Tae producers raised the price from the extotlas; summer price, or rather the Septeea her price, which waa from 32 coats to 34 cents per gallon. As a large Ma jority of the dealers here are paylas; 44 cents for Octoher saUk, this ia ereaeo is from 10 cent to 12 oeats per gallon over the September On Octoher 1 the dealers here wf4 the wholesale solliBg price Of biHk m bottles to 4 ceats per gaH" hulk milk to 0 coats per gallon, an Increase of 12 ceats per ? the previous month's solliag prices of It cents for hottlsd milk and 48 eeats tor bulk milk. Meet f the dealers are delivering reuwt w " rrrA4 sumer for 18 cents per uart "f eeats per pint, so iW Bef ore goino; any farther. I waat to make it clear that thla arm does oaly a wholesale haeinees. eateriac to gro oery stores, lah rooms, ttf founUias. and public tnotltuMoa, Our selllag prices to euotomers are 84 cenU r gallon for ottled asllk, either plats r eiuarts, and coats per gallon for bulk milk. We have no control over the prices at which our customers are to soil their mine There is a chain of groceries in the elty that selle milk purchased at those price at 17 cents a e,urt and e oeats a alnt. and evldontly uees this as a drawing oard for other business. Tour contributor further . . i ii urn . a a w i ass aaMHaHSHaaBiaHpaBBBBaBHBjapsBaawBMs -, A Milk Expert Writes B GODWIN xcsjaon to oeuere wai ire ognt - . liemd m ridden hi a street af nesss of lta ,ii the that "the dealer ; prtoe frost 14 oeats a cjpeeac to : a oaart. maktnor a sjaUoa, from M to TS matter of teat, the milk tor the seweme lg ooau per aaart. The are ou small route being ran by : who drive la from the peddlina- atlUc, aad they sold it for loos aad probably will tinue to soil it for loos the the bar dealers here, who nave to go to the expense of poateuriatnc and haallsuK. As far as tho Hmoa rooms are con cerned, I have nothing to say, aot bo tes; familiar with thla sttamtleev it to poeHy front o teeneh of a smtfeav tfcoy set a Mrxe masala to iiT va miMa Teaavasha t .aekaat wOm ShSCW JsfJBSJsnr insfSES leWspaSV - a MaaaA essL -m WaesaseMSi lOSSB aSsa TMsttV TMSI smbso easvAsBaVaesL H. A. POOL, iinillmt; atB. T laBta'aam of the Tiiisnt lSjtfafjsd Bask, vie iriaidwt; H, A. WOOD. terotary; a p. ffMSUOOL, Kirii Saveatsja astd Tmot Oo traaMsMS ssM The teaas hx the liasjne wfll as peeo (or rather eiaah) ail iihUer. asd them wfll at liaitair hi a tttlo SSPa7SSaV Sp SsSPSSVneBV SfS SVeh easeBP 9SSePBesWp"S"Sl e?J oka. Good heek, hasej. J iiiiii husliC Uli jtm a Prtoe of itty waa aaaar leave The papers have mtoreareeeated X the facts by statinv (more than once) that the price waa advanced by the farmers from 4 to 44 eeats. leaving the freaaied public to believe that the dealers bore wore aoactac thorn with a raise of 12 eoata whoa the farmer was only getttoa- 4 eoata. X don't expect yoa to print all at taw letter or aay of It. bat X tmU ta tootle to the dcatorsj you wttl at least eorreot amVPsato meata of facta that I baa oalHd year attoattoa to aad sjtve the pe llc the rue state of the eaoa. Aar time that you waa asqr sswMe to formatiea oa the sllwilsoi I wtn do all I eaa to help you. The tootiAcattoa tor the toereaaod priooa has all boon thriohid oat bo fore vartoue committees, aad watte the subject la eutot at present It Is not yet settled. We have every ex pectation of a lower prlee tor mil within a short time, bat while the high price doe esatlnus we would Mke te nave the pobll know the truth about K. WAUCSJt.KXLL DAUtT. SIC. W. T.