- ' ' ' I ',' ' l-l Lg
OCTOBER 6, 1919
Who Started It?
The Zone Fare Ftsrht Has
THE NATIONAL DAILY
-Be. S. lltUKOttM.
Yet Been Won Bv the Peflufc
Baiter aad Omr.
t T IRiW PiAIIAm-
mUw at tlut FutoON at Washington, D. a
-:- -:- vr
h Mt "gr
ThHsaiasT Trtrr KvMtsr
ions: 1 year (Inc.
MOKDAT. OCTOBBR C. IMi.
if You Are Over 40, Be Careful
Jff Bomebodj Flatten Ton by Saying, "How Young Yoa
Are," Don't Believe It.
. Wide publicity radar the hoaffiiig, "Do Y Want
jBtacaal Youth, " baa been given, to the following nraaozip
iion of daily nwoiax far man of sedentary oooBpaiiow:
FIRST. Put feet on edge of bed with bodj
,. extended and palms of Hands on the floor. Raise your
fcodj to full length of arms 100 tunes.
r'-: . SECOND. Stand erect, raise teg until knee touch
' the shoulders, keeping body straight, 100 times.
THIRD. Sick as high
lags, 100 tunes.
FOTJBTH. Stand erect
hands, raise arms and pass hands back of head aa low
sown your back as you can, 100 times.
. . . FIFTH. Stand erect, with rigidly straight kgs; do
not bend the knees; stoop down and place your thumbs
between your heels without bending legs, 100 times.
raxTil. Stand erect extend both arms and
ioJentiy swing your hands toward center of your back,
SEVENTH. Lie net on the floor, fold arms; raise
yourself , keeping your legs straight, 100 fimei
; BiaHTH lie flat on back; raise lags will stakt
Wer your waist, kick upward, 10 times. '
''.' Than, take your bath, and. eat a hearjfcy "breakfast,
iA walk three miles. ' ' "'"'?
'To faflow these rules would be aa txoeflaut way i;or a
yer forty to kfll htmsiK.
Ho young man Bauds such violent exeroist as mis. Ho
nriddksged man, who beoauae 'of h yean ass boooomt
hahttuafly inactive, should attempt it.
, - There is just as much dangar la Tnraossi physical
aetfrity as m neglecting it.
A mau'i heart at forty has begin to got tired of its
afroswtonoas job of beating etffcty times a mlmuea, twenty
f oar hours & day.
B3s veins, in childhood as soft and amatk aa the thin
neat rubber, hare began to. lose their resfiieney and lack
anmmmnssHia fur the rtiauiif of Mood for
the heart raaaumg ninny from
for Ha output
His muacies hare loot tome of their suppjeam and
some of their prompt abodmaoe to the nuad. They ns
longer co-ordinate as in youth.
The bones, which in earlier years bout to blows and
strains, hare beoome brittle with their aoorotioM of lint
sad break when too great a demand is made upon their
mSJsnSMs"pmejF" jt y
foanetime mam will be wiser. He will in time learn bow
Ha wiU be awe to stretch youth to forty aad middle
ago. to a hundred, reaching his moot fruitful aad useful
PJtwd at from ninety to the century mark.
' TAs ha is bow, at forty he must begin to use care. He
must abstain from violence in every form. He must be
careful in eating asd drinking. He must sleep regularly,
stthtmgh with increasing years he will sleep less.
'But especially must he refrain from violence in exer
cise, and the attempt to follow the formula of activities
which is printed above and which publicity may lead many
to undertake would in every case shorten life, and in many
eases be suddenly fatal
. : .After forty you can afford to take' exercise with about
the same reserve that you take advice, and that, with most
of us, is with considerable moderation.
War, Nat Peace,
T t BittM- TK TIXXS:
Taar 4iUrka is Th TiatM of ea
twafctr 24 jlaMd me very' much, m
cially your rfew m the "Lag:u
f Watiaac" I arrae with you that
t i war, aat aaaee. that will follow
lit vatlSaatfaa, aad I eaa but woaaer
uaw aatyaaa eaa taiak atarwi. I
jaartily wiah that evry American
auU road jroar edHarlato Sa regard
to It. I alao wiak that w nad publie
ron who were aroad aaaMch to drop
politic at atteh a critical time and
flak taafa- awa arlvate amaltioas aad
attar aeta aat at ait-at tor tae rood of
i!m naftaa. SelSaaaoM ruiea tae
warM. aad Jhm atrtwk tae keyaote
t TKK TIXM:
ta eaauaead aa article which
In your paper yesterday eoa-
It la vary true that iaaciaaUon aad
fear So peach to owoaaia disease;
If asM's mm M atayea aa
t9 saia a toafliaM.
aaldSaar a Um -r aad
taa apYaaetaar d 4m M
5g to sisaa aaast
Don't Think About Flu
ipany, Munsey Brar., Peitnsyh
Suneeys). T.M; MMtiu. Il.tel 1
W - - - - -
as you ean with alternating
lock the fingers of both
whea be said "Marvel not that I y
uato you ye must he hora taln."
I am glad of this opportunity t
thank you for your timely, kind
words oa the woman quentlon. It
warms my heart to knew that we
have a. champion who never fail to
take the part of the defeaeeleas. I
am one of the dried peaches in Uncle
Sam's service, though I have no com
plaint to make of the treatment I
have received, yet I see injustice in
regard to others. I am hoping and
praying for the passage of the re
tirement hill, which has been too long
delayed. An appreciative reader,
Mrs. P. JE.
would not he seared into thinking
every little cold or sore throat symp
toms of the disease.
Right thinking is the hast eawtlen
oae eaa poseiMy use against disease
of aay kind.
With this in mind there would he
no so-called ".' 'mmA vm win i
(mat peapie who araotioe rtght think
leag aad sight Hrteg w asoaae she
''. a aisease. u.m.
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uuuuu snuuuuumaw umVems Vaeaw a
t 2SeeB 3 ' : . leaiui
ITS all wrois. The aatiqaa
tyiiosB. wkarebr we stragslaa
tkrottgii eikt or niae years of
raasliBS, writiag aad arithmetic,
aad thea. ware awdaealy laaied la
high school to tackle such ays
terioua subjects as Latia, scieace
aad algebra, is all wrong. Educa
tors saw advocate a sort of shock
absorber kaowm as a junior high
A junior high school, in case
you haven't kept up with the
styles in education, takes the place
of seventh and eighth grades and
first year high school. The pupil
is promoted from the sixth grade
into the junior high school, where
he continues some of the old
grammar school studies, and at
the same time is gradually and
painleeesly Introduced to high
school subjects and high school
methods of teaching. Graduates
from the junior high school enter
the second year of a regular high
school. The need for a transition
school of this sort may seem a
trivial matter, but experiments
have proved its practical value as
a Paeans of keeping the growing
boy and girl in school, and now
the number of junior high schools
In the country is increasing by;
hundreds every year.
According to a report by Com
missioner of Education Claxton,
only one out of every sixteen chil
dren who enter the first grade of
our public schools progreesses far
enough to obtain a high school
diploma. To elaborate 4.0S6.091
children entered first grade in
1906. In 1913 the class reached
eighth grade with an enrollment of
l,244,d8. The next year, when
these same children entered high
school the class had shrunk to
630,000, and of these only thirty
nine per cent graduated In 1J1S
245,000 high school graduates out
of 4,000.000 first graders.
The High Scheel Problem.
The big drop comes between
the eighth grade and high school,
and during high school years the
enrollment steadily falls. The rea
son for this, it is stated, is not so
often that the pupil is needed at
home or has to leave school to
work, as that he is kept at ele
mentary studies too long and does
not take enough interest in school
to enter high school, or else that
he enters high, school but never
gets adjusted -to the standards
Be leaves the eighth grade
where he is called Harry aad
treated aeeerdingly, and enters tfce
-ajuji2 V out!! '.'..'' I. .!'; , vTsmw
- xsamV v '' "' x. mi inmmmsSr
ssmmmu 1'- -'l' sfi vsatsmmw
aSSSSmT A J v t? - VsSssf
A SHORT CUT
classical and altogether different
atmosphere of high school to be
called. Mr. Smith. Instead of
having one ever-watchful teacher
to keep him on the job, he now
has from two to eight, none of
whom take any special interest in
Mr. Smith aside from1 his conduct
in one particular class room. The
greater amount of freedom given
is not always used wisely, and the
student's sense of responsibility is
not always sufficiently developed
for him to work alone. As a re
sult he falls behind in his work,
becomes discouraged, and sooner
or later quits school for good.
It is in cases of this sort that
the junior high school scores. In-,
stead of being counted in with
"the children" until he is thir
teen or fourteen, Harry Smith is
sent to junior high school at
eleven or twelve. Instead of hav
ing one teacher, he has two, or
possibly three, but one is his par
ticular guardian and is definitely
accountable for him. As his inter
est in geography, American his
tory, and grammar are rapidly
waning on account of too long
familiarity with such subjects,
some of these are dropped and he
is given a chance to take up a for
WHATEVER YOU WANT TO KNOW
The Tim.M will attempt to answer any questions of fact for amy
reader. All replies are mailed direct to the inquirer. Wrjte year ques
tion to The Times Information Bureau., Frederic J. Hashin, director.
Enclose i-cent stamp. Do not telephone.
Q Da the pton in a steam engine
top at the rM of Itn stroke? R. M.
A. - The Bureau of Standard say that
the ptatuii doe atop. In a theoretically
Prfet eclK thla step would he in
Aalte4mally awall. In an actual engine
It la tomrer a4n-e time la required In tak
ing up the alack In the hearing!.
Q. -la It true tht the ex-kalir had
some of the walla f Jerusalem torn dawn
whee he vtaltad that elty? T. T. H.
A The fcntaer wanted to make an Im
peeinc dies lay aad the sate In the walla
at Jerusalem wm not wide enough to ac
nommodata the mounted eavaloade aa he
had planned It. The gap waa wldeaedi at
Q- Hew ia a poottiea ef second-claw
poetmajKfrr Sited whea it heceeaes vaeantt
. W. T. M.
A. When such a vaeeney occurs the
petHMtr general certifies the fact to
the Civil Service Cemmleslon. This com
mission arranges for an open, competitive
examination to nil the vacancy.
Q. What U the fastest speed ever at
tatned by an automobile? K. K.
This record Is held by Ralph de
Palma. and waa made at Daytena. Fla..
February II. of this year. He drove his
machine at the rate ef It mile an hour.
Q Is the civil year, aa we count It.
exactly the same aa the sun year
J J W.
A. The adjustments mde by iep yar
make eivll time so nearly eorreot that it
will take !. years for it te get one "day
amor from the mathematically accurate
eign language, typewriting, or
Change Take ralee.
As be progresses through the
three years, the coarse becewes
more and more the typteal high
school regime. Athletics, debate,
and dramatic work are introduced
to take the place of playeround
games anti other amusements in
vogue in the graded school.
In cities, the junior high school
course usually includes domestic
science for girls and shop work
for boys. In rural schools, agri
culture is added to the vocational
schedule, and a model truck gar
den is planted and studied by the
A resume of even a few of the
junior high school systems now in
force In this country shows a great
variety of subjects taught The
junior high school is planned on a
more flexible order than the regu
lar high school, and everywhere
the aim is to fit the pupil for life
in the community. At the same
time ,the courses are so arranged
that a prospective college student
can take the work required for
college entrance. Promotion is
made by subjects, as in high
Q. Is it true that the Seminole Indians
..in ,...'.,.- to Be reconciled - white
domination ? X. . iX
.- . ..f Semlnoles atlll live auri tnm
rhi T-vteH. 'nd avoid adopting their
civilization. They live in the Everglades
ot riuriua. In regions not habitable for
white men. and are left largely to them
selves. There are about 1.5M ef them.'
Q. Where was Samuel Oompera born?
A. Samuel L. Oompera was hern In Lon
don, Hngland, In I860, of Jewish parents.
He was a clgarmaker by trade and early
became Interested In organised labor.
Q. How warf It that Spain foreed Bmg
land to buy her oranges during the war?
A. When the war situation In Kngland
waa at its tensest point a ban was put ea
the Importation of citrus fruit, as It was
considered non-essential. This was a hard
blow to the citrus fruit Industry ef Spain.
Spain waa a leading producer of pyrites
whleh Is used In making steel. Spain re
fused to let Kngland have pyrites unless
the ban was lifted from citrus fruit, and
Kngland was forced to meet the Spanish
The Bureau, cannot give advice on
legal, medical, and financial matters.
It does not attempt to settle domestic
troubles, nor to undertake exhaust
ive research en any subject.
soaooi, so that ycttta f.ttiac m
part of the work ordssarily re
peat only those snejeots.
He Xet a Hew .
The janlor high school idea has
been under considoraUosi for about
twenty years. A ohaasje from the
eight year elementary, iomr year
soaosMsary, system waa proposed m.
1M2 when a group of edvoators
dfecMfted the matter of irrkUng
the twelve years of public school
education into six years graded
school and six years high school.
It was them declared that eight
years is too much time to devote
to elementary subjects and. that
the public school course would be
better shortened or the two years
transferred to high school work.
The original purpose in shorten
ing the years of public schooling
was to lower the age of college en
trance. The plea waa that on an
average students entered college
at eighteen yara, after which they
must cover seven or eight years of
college and university work m
order to enter a professcton. The
result, according to President BlioC
of aHrvard, was that "the average
college graduate who fits himself
well for any one of the learned
professions, including teaching,
can hardly begin to support him
self before he is twenty-seven
years old." This argument was
considered very potent, but as
neither colleges nor high schools
ever agreed to shorten their
courses or lesson their requie
menU nothing came of it
Introduced In 1819.
The conference of 1862 did,
however, lead to the junior high
school, which has in the past few
years become so popular. In I860,
the first junior high school was
introduced, and ten years later
there were only nine in the coun
ty. But since then, the prospect
has grown rapidly until now jun
ior high schools are in, operation
in all parts of the country.
The change in organisation is.
too new and the schools are two
scattered for any up-to-date nation-wide
statistics to have been
collected. But whenever the new
system has been put into effect
comparative figures and instance
show that a large percentage of
pupils who otherwise would haw
obtained no high school education
are sufficiently interested by the
junior high school course to com
plete it, and often go en to the.
senior high school.
I tlw fhMh of fttppftifttfaim to those who Itm pt
wp m oosmncMg t flght ifpimt the) impoitioB of a mae fe
ftjnrfasm poa the city of WMhingtrm, do not lose .right of the
or intinftied that H viO dwo ite potiiioii.
Thw it vmj nmm to lrii7f the coniiinaion iiifl do
everything im ifr power t harden the mborlpmii rot&at
with tat iUiouieit troohiee of the Washington Railway ana
Despite the fact that orgjuusations ntmhermg fifty
thotjftwad taxpayers hare followed the lead ef thia news
paper and hare Mi logical and hitter proteeta hef ore the
mwiiiiiiswi"i M" wvwx
am only began.
The people moat inteteeted are thoae who have bought
heosM in the newer residential diatricte and ia the rahorbt.
- They wiH be node the eeapegoata for the nmJeiiniiiis:
traik. of the street mlwayi, for the mpitaHantion of the
jfiminfj li-fr - A r " L mfhmr Tnnnninuri
They will he taxed at least TEH CHRTSADATMORE
for the privilege of goiiig to work atf
jb addition to present oix faro--wtthont good serrioe
they willJtaTe to pay at least thirty doOars a year MORE
Thia tax will insure drndeiwhi, perhaps, hat thfre has been
jrheoawtely HO guarantee of aerviee.
TSse fifty thowand people who have been heard through
flamy leesentstives are aot ALL the people on whom this
Iwrdeh wffl fait
There are thousands of others, not erganiaed. ttstreare
thooaeads of families K viiig in the iaterwr of the city who
j the fine weather wiH he TAXED ontrageonaly for the
Iiviiege of tsOdbtg their children into the parhe or open
These Dcooie have, their
They aw not the rind who have
A . m . Si
car sanee tae antosaooue was invenua.
Look brer the newspapers of Washington aad find out
those who have endorsed the pgopoaitioti to TAX swhOfbas
ea a Oa
dwelier for going to work; and taoae who aave given is
sSent assent by not fighting it
Then remember the verse of St. Lake: "Wn where
your treasnre is, there wiH yowr heeboaleo."
This newspaper, having no iiitereat esoapi Hie deveiop
inont of Waahingteai and the KX)D OT THB MCIPIJ. OF
WASBDffGTON, is deligJUed to see vmt its titmrn hswaert
ateaek on the none fare ayetsm hen hoam feflavwed JcJt
H EARD- AKTTSEEN
lenrhig tol pf o
li a at.
-en hale are
pries that they mt Mto,
evte tftavr ware aooapsoaaoa wanso
Bora's whore I pet
ea the Sportlag
this evening on neereatiom alloyn.
That's the way to itert oflC a story
it they worked in thhr ottos thoy
1ro34n't have thMO to piay dutlrphss
fWhat in Sasa Hm A csaa,
CosBmoroial, Nation! asd D
Lne will f4aa toaJarkit.' If asUT two
iu . sat: insrehor withoat
aomoono syis thojr wore daohing
I have Jast ateesheo: roadtet; year
tiasely artleJe la the Oetohor 4 TOeara
aad SeeaH eolaaa. and while I aareo
wKa ye that affairs are ia a
state aad seed reaaedyis. I !
strained to eorreot a few oc the stato
BMBts year article eoaeateed, la oraor
that the paeiic seay that the
Milk distributers here are aot ootte
as had as paiated.
To o,ote the letter froea oae ot
your eoatrlhators: MMk
prodocers oa October 1 raised the
prlee from 40 eeats a galle to forty
four ceats a gallon, an iaereaeo of 4
eeats." This Is aot so. Tae producers
raised the price from the extotlas;
summer price, or rather the Septeea
her price, which waa from 32 coats to
34 cents per gallon. As a large Ma
jority of the dealers here are paylas;
44 cents for Octoher saUk, this ia
ereaeo is from 10 cent to 12 oeats
per gallon over the September
On Octoher 1 the dealers here wf4
the wholesale solliBg price Of biHk m
bottles to 4 ceats per gaH"
hulk milk to 0 coats per gallon, an
Increase of 12 ceats per ?
the previous month's solliag prices of
It cents for hottlsd milk and 48 eeats
tor bulk milk. Meet f the dealers
are delivering reuwt w " rrrA4
sumer for 18 cents per uart "f
eeats per pint, so iW
Bef ore goino; any farther. I waat to
make it clear that thla arm does oaly
a wholesale haeinees. eateriac to gro
oery stores, lah rooms, ttf
founUias. and public tnotltuMoa,
Our selllag prices to euotomers are
84 cenU r gallon for ottled asllk,
either plats r eiuarts, and coats
per gallon for bulk milk. We have
no control over the prices at which
our customers are to soil their mine
There is a chain of groceries in the
elty that selle milk purchased at those
price at 17 cents a e,urt and e oeats
a alnt. and evldontly uees this as a
drawing oard for other business.
Tour contributor further
. . i ii urn . a a w i ass
-, A Milk Expert Writes
xcsjaon to oeuere wai ire ognt
ridden hi a street
af nesss of lta
that "the dealer ;
prtoe frost 14 oeats a cjpeeac to :
a oaart. maktnor a
sjaUoa, from M to TS
matter of teat, the
milk tor the seweme
lg ooau per aaart. The are
ou small route being ran by :
who drive la from the
peddlina- atlUc, aad they
sold it for loos aad probably will
tinue to soil it for loos the the bar
dealers here, who nave to go to the
expense of poateuriatnc and haallsuK.
As far as tho Hmoa rooms are con
cerned, I have nothing to say, aot bo
tes; familiar with thla sttamtleev
poeHy front o
teeneh of a smtfeav tfcoy
set a Mrxe masala to
iiT va miMa Teaavasha t .aekaat
wOm ShSCW JsfJBSJsnr insfSES leWspaSV
- a MaaaA essL -m
WaesaseMSi lOSSB aSsa TMsttV TMSI
H. A. POOL, iinillmt; atB.
T laBta'aam of the Tiiisnt lSjtfafjsd
Bask, vie iriaidwt; H, A. WOOD.
terotary; a p. ffMSUOOL, Kirii
Saveatsja astd Tmot Oo traaMsMS ssM
The teaas hx the liasjne wfll as
peeo (or rather eiaah) ail iihUer.
asd them wfll at liaitair hi a tttlo
SSPa7SSaV Sp SsSPSSVneBV SfS SVeh easeBP 9SSePBesWp"S"Sl e?J
oka. Good heek, hasej. J
iiiiii husliC Uli
The papers have mtoreareeeated X
the facts by statinv (more than once)
that the price waa advanced by the
farmers from 4 to 44 eeats. leaving
the freaaied public to believe that
the dealers bore wore aoactac thorn
with a raise of 12 eoata whoa the
farmer was only getttoa- 4 eoata.
X don't expect yoa to print all at
taw letter or aay of It. bat X
tmU ta tootle to the dcatorsj
you wttl at least eorreot amVPsato
meata of facta that I baa oalHd
year attoattoa to aad sjtve the pe
llc the rue state of the eaoa. Aar
time that you waa asqr sswMe to
formatiea oa the sllwilsoi I wtn do
all I eaa to help you.
The tootiAcattoa tor the toereaaod
priooa has all boon thriohid oat bo
fore vartoue committees, aad watte
the subject la eutot at present It Is
not yet settled. We have every ex
pectation of a lower prlee tor mil
within a short time, bat while the
high price doe esatlnus we would
Mke te nave the pobll know the
truth about K.
WAUCSJt.KXLL DAUtT. SIC.
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