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Saving Money in the Home
Little Tricks For Women in Household Economics By ELIZABETH LATTIMER. WITH the lack of sugar a dally probi?? m for every housekeeper. I suppose no ? sne can get enough sugarless M recipes. If you are wise you will not US'; ?flptar laat bit of sugar, hoping to ? ?et more when the preaent supply Is ?one. but will avoid the poaai 1 bility of totally sugarle?? daya by |t making your amali supply go aa tar | aa possible. Turn to your war conservation cookbooks and refresh your mem ory on ways to uae the aunar ?eb r stitutes. Tou will find many recipes ??? for cake?, but most o/ them were ? built to save wheat as well aa sugar. |'W? have this cause for rejoicing ???at least; though we must cut down '.? nur une of augrar we etili have ? w-heat for cak?? making and our old ? ?.ad-bye in time of sugar strin gency?molasses, corn eyrtip. ?nd ? boney?are still procurable. The cak-s made with syrup are . aot just like thoee made with sugar. ?l'Ili most caaea thoy are less sweet, ij They do All an emergency ne?d for .; cakea. however. The following reel?? .' pes uae but little sugar: H cop fat. H cup milk. ? ? tabtaepoona ananr 1 temepoon vanilla. ? brown ar whKei. lVt mp? ?heat flour t I esa* 3 teaspoons tjaJctng ? 1 cup corn ajrrur powdei1. ??ji?i a? melted V teaspoon aalt, chocolate. Cream the rat and sugar, add the '( egg yolks, syrup, and melted choco ?I late, and beat well. Sift tbe dry j| Ingrediente together and add alter ,f nately wttb the milk. Add vanilla J and fold in the stiffly beaten white?. [?Make ia loaf or layers in a moderate W??n. Tor frosting?cook one-half cup ! corn eyrtip until it forma a long i thread when dropped rrom a spoon. ?? "Our over the stiffly beaten whites .?of two egga and beat until thick ?l enough to spread. These little iadividual spice cakea, !" baked in muffin tin? are also very J goeel: 4 taMaeneaaks ananr. 1 t?aapean cinnamon. .? % can earn syrup. 14 tea apean sptcee. i ?H. ?4 teaspoon nutmeg. ? H cue milk. % tenapoon cloves. 3 ?rune floor u, cup chopped rala I S taaanooua baking tea. Mix in order given. 'Oatmeal Drop Cookies Without Sazsr. i? ?-no fat 1*?, cap m&iumf* ifc c?ui> corn ?vi up. 1 ?as *4 tanapoon clnna ??% cope poTed enta. ??? cop ratals*. S erro chopped nuts. H teaspoon allspice. Mix and drop from s spoon on greased baking aheet. Bake la a . ?vaick oven. Along thia same line, remember t+jat the old-faahloned gingerbread calls for no sugar. Why not aerve . It more often aa an autumn dessert? , It la delicious served warm, with whipped cream. *^ Here's That Rare Thint Semething for Nothing. For the benefit of the housekeep ? er. the Bureau of Standards, Depart ment of Commerce, has published a ird. to be hung in the kitchen, giving information useful in the household. This includes weights and measures equivalente, weights a?er bushel of the more common vegetables and fruits, weighta per cup of household commod;:i?. '-?< -1 as sugar, butter, lard, flour, and r ee. Much other useful Informa tion Is condensed upon this card. $1 PAID FOR EACH DOLLAR SAVED How I Saved a Dollar Here is a chance for every one to earn a dollar by telling how she^ha.? saved a dollar. It may be a dollar or more. It may have been saved in a day or a week. However, all that matters is HOW it waa saved. $1 saved and $1 earned by the tolling of the aaving makes $2. How about it? Be brief and write only on one side of paper. ELIABBTH LATTIMER. I will award a prise of $1 each day for one of the suggestions which I print. Until the supply is exhausted, copies of this publication may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of Standards. Washington. D. C. and requesting Miscellaneous Publica tions?No. 39, Household Weights and Measures. Today's Economy Prize goes to Mrs. E. A. l?cheur, who ranks with I.uther Burbank, the gentle man who make* t*vo trees grow where only one grew before. Mrs. L?cheur has gotten the maximum out of a roast of beef. It'is evident hers is .a family with small appe titea Hcre'a how she did it: The Roast ? verlast ing. DK AR EI.IZARET*H LATTIMER: I have been reading; your articles in The Times every day and th? recipe? are used to cut down expense? In our food prepara tions. I usually buy a ?mall roast of two or three pounis every Saturday and spin It out a? long as possible. Of course there ar? only two In our family but larger families could do th* ?ame thing ou a larger ?cale. On Saturday, for instance. I bought ? H pounds? of roast ef brisket for 4? cant? which lasted m> until Thursday. On Sun day we had two meal? from it. Monday ? ?tripped tbe meat off the bones and put it through a food chopper, mixing It with start-over gravy, then reheating It. I tben put It in a bowl and ?et it away to cool When cold. It wa? nice and Arm and could be cut Into alice*. This we had sliced for Monday's supper. Then I put the bone* from the roast In a kettle with left-over carrot? and beans, covering them with water aad thereby made .the stock for vegetable soup, which we had on Tuesday. From the left-over ground meat I made meat roll? for Wednetaday. The treat of the ?-round meat, together with the liquid from the left-over ?oup. made a Bice bash for Thursday evening. MRS. E. A. LAC*HEt*R. 1?3S D etreet northeast Weddings in China The increasing influence of West ern civilisation upon the Chinese people is particularly noticeable in functions which concern their home life. A few years ago a bride would have been carried in a closed chair to the home of her future husband, and together they would have done honor to his ancestral tablets as a sign of her admission to his family. A feast would follow, but in accord ance with ?Chinese Ideas she would have been rigidly excluded from thia. Nowadays, even in Chinese families where Christianity has not been accepted, the wedding cere mony ia conducted upon Western lines, with best man, a, relative, to give away the bride, bridesmaids, and the utmost pomp and publicity. Several weddings of recent years have been celebrated on these lines, the brides wearing Western gowns with long trains. veiLs, and wreaths /or orange blossoms. The Witch That Walks on Hallowe'en <* ?> ,,????? Answers to Questions WHAT READERS OF THE TIMES WANT TO KNOW Q.?Is it customary to wear mourn ing for a two-year-old baby? I. K. A.?It is not customary to wear heavy mourning for a young baby or to wear it very long. You might wear black and white with propriety. Q.?What proportion of Americans are Christians? ' C. C. A.?The total /""number of church members in the United States at tho time of the last census was 42,044,374. Of course, this number does not in-, elude all believ.ers in the Christian faith in the United States. Q.?Has July' Fourth been made a national holiday by act of Congress? ? CD. A.?Indepenilence Day is a national holiday by general custom and ob Aunt Eppie Hogg, tbe Fattest Woman in Three Counties By FONTAINE FOX. ? / y. - y /Xfi/HZN Aunt i??\t is CAUGHT OUT in A HlGM WlNL> With hek ?specia:*, made To measure i umbella it is quite. some job to Keep The thing f^om turning insi out or slowing awav ent/Kely 9 DE (CepelsM. Itll. iyj ih. v\ h..l.r 8> ?dicale, lac) servance, and not because of Con gressional legislation. Q.?What Individual in history *?i Called the "Eaglet?" M. W. A.?The son of Napoleon, sometime* | known as Napoleon II and afterward tbe Duke of Relchstadt was called "Eaglet." He died when only twen ty-one years of age. ? .--_ Q.?What is the largest number of cylinders used in aviation engines? T. ?. A.?Twenty-four cylinder* were used in an experimental "Liberty" aero engine. Q.?Tell me the meaning'of .Tarn?? Earl Eraser's swculpture called "Tho End of the Trail." R. K. A.?This tragic picture o? the In dian on his pony Is supposed to sym bolize the dying out of the Indian race. Q.~ How many patents have been granted in the United States? L. C. A.?More than 1,300,000 patents have been granted tn this country since the United States Patent Office was established in the latter part of the eighteenth century. Q.?What Is the percentage of workers in the United States who are unorganized? H. E. A. -The American Federation ot Labor says there are about 4.000,000 organized workers in this country. Th*? 19-10 census showed that there wero ahout~3!*>.000,000 persons engaged in gainful occupation. This number undoubtedly has grown. On the basts of these figures there would be 34, 000. (KM) unorganized workers In the United State-?. Tiiis means that eleven out *? twelve are unorganized. Q. ? What is Hip penalty for Inter cepting or destroying a letter belong ing to another person? K. E. G. A Any person who interferes with mail belonging to another person "shall, for every such offense, be pun ishable by a fine of not more than $500, or by imprisonment at hard la bor for not more than one year, or by both." Q.?How many ?Ten aro there in a regiment? F. W. ? The maximum strength of an infantry regiment is 103 offfcere and 3.053 men. Q. In selecting a cllmaie for a per i son .suffering from catarrh what are the most important factors to be con sidered? N. D. A The United States Public Health Service says that while Individual agate* demand different climatic eon 'i 11 i??Tie?. |t I? *-ell to consider the fol lowing factors.), in ?Hefting a health ressort for the catarrh victim: An atmosphere relatively free from dust h nd an absence of sudden great fluc tuations o t'^eem pelature. Q. Why does a koung woman enter ing a ('atholic religious order dress In a bridal eostum??? .J. V. ? ? novice is arrayed In a bridil costume before takintz the veil to symbolize her bridal taita ?'hrist. Af lore arti .-li" assumes the black habit, rerioiim.-ing the world. <J. What is the mortality rate of ihildren under five years? E. S. A. Mortality statlsrtlc* for children und? r Ava > chis show that 328.4 per 1.O09 die. Q. What is ? simple method of ?'leaning Ihe Dtckol part.*) of a stove? M. W. \ Mai*?? .-* paMe aC whiting ?rlthj ?<]ua iiinmoma. or, if it is not avail able, water. Caver ihe parta* with] Hi?-? itiixtui?' and allow il \>j dr\. Kt terwartj mit vtf with ? Ui?' cloth ?rd ? PclioU. Washington's Paintings. Going to Ruin From Lack Of Care, Says H. Q. Seebold .?.? By Frederic J. Haakin. PAINTINGS of the departed American great- which decor ate the halls of various Gov ernment departments and of the Capitol here in Washington are slowly going to/ruin for lack of care, according to H. Q. Secbold, an authority on paintings, ancient and modern. ? Mr. Seebold says that the ancient masterpieces of the European gal leries would have disappeared long ago if they'were no better care<l for than the historic portraits in our Government departments. He says that the European pictures, many of which ar? centuries old, are watched ami cared for like ail ing millionaires. Once a vear, at least, each of them is given a ciat of oil to preserve it from df.ay. But not so the valuable American paintings. They are allowed ??> rot and flake until even a Cabinet offi cer can see that there is some thing wrong with them, and then they are turned over to some art ist to be "restored." Usually the artist who gets the job is the one who offers to do it for the lesht money. And the work should not be done by artists at all. according? to Mr. Seebold. It should be done by ex pert mechanics especially trained lor the work. The most important of these im periled Government portraits are those of the Secretaries of State and Assistant Secretaries of Sta'e in the State Department, those of the Attorney Generals in the De partment of Justice, and those of the Secretaries of War in the War Department. It has long been the custom for the incumbents of these positions, upon retiring, to have their portraits painted at Gov ernment expense, and to leave them hanging on the walls of their offices. It is a perquisite which secretarial vanity has seldom -been able to forego. Some men who held their jobs only a few week? none-the-less left their likenesses to gladden posterity. Some of the portraits are really masterpieces of art, and some of them are masterpieces of honor. All of them, of course, have great historical value, and will have moro and more as time goes on. They &re really priceless things, a-irt should be treated as such. "Politically Painted." One prominent Washington art ist who was asked how commis sions for these portraits were given out said that, the pictures were politically painted. In other words the artist is chosen through ?"jull or personal friendship, or his I ability to flatter. However, there ?aatna to l>e nothing particularly political about that system. In all walk.-* of life artists are .chosen to paint portraits for the same rea son?. Some of the potrslts are very poor, hut many of them are good and a few excellent. Sorella. Sar gent, Stewart, and Clarkson are a few of the better known artists represented. Many of the pictures are not signed, and the names of the artists who did them will re main forever buried In the dusty archives of the country. But the nani?? of Herbert Vos will not I?? one of these. His signature is the best executed bit of painting in his portrait of Kichard Olney. as it Is certainly the most prominent. When various dignataries of the Department of Justice were tact lessly asked what the Government paid for premervlag the faces of its treat in oil. they llrst looked reproachfully al the inquisii Iva one. I hen conferred among? themselves al length, and finally decided that il was u secret they wuuiU ai-? or tell. The War Department waa more open about it. There it was disclosed that the sum supposed to be allotted is seven hundred and fllty dollars for each portrait, but that fortunately for our none-to good reputation as an artistic na ation, this extremely meager amount is usually increased. Be tween one and two thousand dol lars 'is paid as a iule.. Letter? \ olnminnut*. Some of the ccixrespondence on this subject is interesting, and it is surprisine.y voluminous. More bargaining seems to have been done over Mr. Tafts portrait than over any of the others. One man offered to paint a life-else bust of him. furnish a gold frame, and maybe throw in th?? hands, all for one thousand dollars. But this offer was refused and as a result Mr. Taft goes down to posterity handless. Two thousand dollars went for a rather poor portrait of former Sec retary of War Garrison, who holds a vivid yellow pencil caressingly. Mr. Scott says that five hundred of this amount was added because of the advanced cost of material. Mr. Gar rison is a laige. man, but surely an extra five hundred dollars worth of paint was going a little strong. A telegram in the files from ex Secretary of War Stimson shows that th?* suffering was not all on one side. It says, "My portrait lias neon painted by Gari Melcher for firteen hundred dollars. Mr. Mel cher is now ill In a New York hos pital." James J. Haney. oh.ef messenger of the Department of Justice, claims that his department has the finest portraits in the ?'aiutai. Mr. Haney has stirved under eighteen of the fifty-one Attorneys General and says that every one of their portraits is a good likeness, and surely he ought to know. There is a mellow ness and richness of tone about these portraits, especially the earlier ones, and a dignity about the poses which make one feel that here are some fine, specimens of American painting as well as some pictures of fine Americans. There is an especi ally good painting of Judge llan dolph, who was appointed by Wash ington in 1789. Bradford, the second attorney general, called the ladies' man. because of his beautifully kept small hands and gra?*eful pose, makes an interesting picture also. It is said that Judge Olney doubled the price allotted for this portrait out of his own pocket so that his face might go down to posterity worthily limned. HUturieally Prlrel?**?. Aside from their artistic value or lack of it, these picture? are price less a.? historical records, liulee I. one man suggested they are lavai? untile as a pageant of the neckw?-ar of our statesmen, and tell in a most impressive way how the humble ? oliar and tie waxed and u i,?i| through the history of the country. The canary-colored waistcoat i* here also, and ckc the lily white. The hand of the public speaker, stud, between two buttons of the coat, abounds. There ar?* secretar ies surrendered by heavy tomes and gazing eagle-eye?l into the future and secretaries jaunty in riding ? es tuino. Martin Van Burr ? is pink and cherubic with ?-ottony mutton chop whlsk?'rs. Lewis Case ?s swa<l dled in a rob?* of bla?*k, like a fat, dyspeptic Hamlet. James Q. Binino. highlly buttoned up, ? lut?*hes the arm of his ?'hair, an?) seems ill at ??as?*. Klihu l?oot. sitting at Ins ?lenk, la ?lobouair and humorous. John (\ f'alhouii. with wildly dis iiiii? r?*d hair and I ?h.-p?Tai" ?are. ssMaM lo b?? ?lispl?ased with the way things an run without him. The Love Gambler By VIRGINIA TERHUNE VAN DE WATER DESIKEE L.EIGHTON dined alone thia evening. This was a rare occurrence. Her father seldom left her to take the evening meal by heraelf. He usually exacted her promise to send for some friend to keep her com pany. David DeLatne had been right ia his supposition that his former employer would be at his club to night. A dinner was to be given there in honor of a certain Cana dian military man It was an oc casion that Samuel L?eighton would have been loth to miss. Nevertheless he ?poke regret fully on his bidding his daughter good-bye at 7 o'clock. She ?ti not looking well. >;or had she looked well for son:e days She seemed as cheerful as usual, but her father saw that it was an effort for her to appear so. "Did you invite some one to dine with you?" he now asked, as he kissed her. She shook her head. "No. Dad. G did not want anyone." "I told you to ask your aunt, or Helen Goddard? ?r some one?to come in." "1 did not want anybody." she In sisted. "Aunt Adelaide has a cold. As to Helen"?she paused. "I know." her father said curtly, "she talks too mtfc"h.~ I can'weTl un derstand your not wanting her. Still?there are other?." Desire? smiled. "But I like my cwn company." she declared. "And I have a -now book I want to fend " She was glad when he was g on*-. The car,, with a ?new chauffeur?not the one whom Smith had suggested ?was awaiting him at the curb. Standing listless In the hall after her father's departure De-eiree started nervously when a sharp ring came at the front doorbell. Without waiting for the maid to respond to the summons she opened the door herself. A ten??? A boy handed her a letter. "I am to wait for an answer, please," he said. She gazed for a moment at the envelope. She had seen that hand writing somewhere before, she had some association connected with it. Then she drew forth the letter and read it. Her heart seemed to stand still; she felt a flood of color suffuse her face. Smith wAs here in town. He wanted to afee her. The waitress who had heard the bell appeared now. but. seeing that Desiree had opened the door hsr self. withdrew silently. "I will bring yon an answer In a minute," Miss I^eighton told the messenger, her voice low, hut ateady. Going into the library she sank into a chair at the de*k and held her heed in her hands trying to think clearly. What did the letter mean But no explanation catne to clarify matters for her. She was keenly conscious <?G but two things. The flrnt was that she must see this man: the other, that she was thankful that her father was out for the evening. Vive minutes Ister she handed ?he waiting boy the brief note she had wI tllai and signed the slip he held toward her. She wondered how .?.?on Smith ?ciild receive her lelt't The hotel from which he had written was not far away. l'or an instant it M ?fail r?ej '?? her to \senOcr li?.w Smith a ?H?aaffe?wr, ha pp. n??d to b" able t.> afford In Step St the ?t ?i use from \\t,??h he had unit???. 1' h?f not a fashion able icsurt-jct it ?l< ?ut the type of hostelry at w t? >? ? one wo expert a < haulteur t<? !^<i|' But these sp?- a' '? ?er? banished by the appreciation that be was actually in New York one? more. Her TaaafSt? And ntow ?he was to ae* hint face to face?to hear brm ap-jak?r to talk to him-? I Throwing herself mto a great chair, she closed her e^-es and tried to calm the txating of her heart. of courw the meri waa rsalaf here only on business?he had lati? mated as much in the note that lay wrote lo ber lie said ?? nana T? matter of importance" to htntawlf Could it be that he wanted ta s?k her for a /-ecomwendawe? t? come other position? But no -he ? puld net ask th?t af >,?r Nor would he (to to ker father with such a request Had he bona any other than the man lie u aa. ha might so far hav. forgotten bla pnd-e But he could not do suck a thing. And he wouid never nnek her out unless be had some gao?t 'reason to do so Pride and humility were Curiously mmgled in hi? char acter. She had felt tired a ? 4 wer? lately?for internal conflit w? one down She had waged a tlnual struggle 'with Herself?a struggle to forget this man. Ms face, his voice, his manner She had drTven her" thought? in all di rections, except toward him Tet as soon as Her vigilance relaxed they ruaherd to him. "Dinner Is served, ma arr ' '.be new waitress announced. Silently Deslree took her seat at the table. Only once did abaaeaia*. to her attendant, and this ?u at the end of the meal. "I am expecting s callar at ?:??&." she said If any one else call? thia evening, kindly say that I win* t? be excused' BOOKS ?'ROMANCI OF A ORIAT FACTO?! - By Charles at. Ktnaay. at M. "There is romance in that mighty spinning top. the steam turbine, fed by the etored sunlight of preh.s toric ages?ages when ferns were giant trees and our ancestors wer? crawling things in the slime on the shore? of the lagoon. Turning %t a speed which would carry It aerosa tbe continent In a few hours wer? it not imprisoned ia the power plant, some single turbines furnish mankind with electricity equaling the power of ?*0.??0 nsrane They turn night into day, and propel th? electric train with the speed of th? gale." Thus writes Dr. Charle?? P. Steinmetz in the introduction of tbe ? 'Ilo-mance of a Factory." That there is romance, and poetry, too. In mighty modera mechanisms. Kipling has (old ia sonn- of lus ?erne. Mr. liiplry de picts the operations of a great in dustry, the G.-neral Electric Com pany, at Schcnectady. N. V.. In >saaa| entertaining manner Dial the read er has to m*o?mpliah In prose ?????? of what Kffeliiig did for ?team ?a his verse. 1*fie ? m ? ?.. ?***? ti.ulai l'ic ''Hell place m ti t ???p??? side of an indu. ? ?? pto] ma. - *? men.