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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, October 31, 1919, FINAL EDITION, SECTION TWO, Image 18

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Saving Money in the Home
Little Tricks For Women
in Household Economics
By ELIZABETH LATTIMER.
WITH the lack of sugar a
dally probi?? m for every
housekeeper. I suppose no
? sne can get enough sugarless
M recipes.
If you are wise you will not US';
?flptar laat bit of sugar, hoping to
? ?et more when the preaent supply
Is ?one. but will avoid the poaai
1 bility of totally sugarle?? daya by
|t making your amali supply go aa tar
| aa possible.
Turn to your war conservation
cookbooks and refresh your mem
ory on ways to uae the aunar ?eb
r stitutes. Tou will find many recipes
??? for cake?, but most o/ them were
? built to save wheat as well aa sugar.
|'W? have this cause for rejoicing
???at least; though we must cut down
'.? nur une of augrar we etili have
? w-heat for cak?? making and our old
? ?.ad-bye in time of sugar strin
gency?molasses, corn eyrtip. ?nd
? boney?are still procurable.
The cak-s made with syrup are
. aot just like thoee made with sugar.
?l'Ili most caaea thoy are less sweet,
ij They do All an emergency ne?d for
.; cakea. however. The following reel??
.' pes uae but little sugar:
H cop fat. H cup milk.
? ? tabtaepoona ananr 1 temepoon vanilla.
? brown ar whKei. lVt mp? ?heat flour
t I esa* 3 teaspoons tjaJctng
? 1 cup corn ajrrur powdei1.
??ji?i a? melted V teaspoon aalt,
chocolate.
Cream the rat and sugar, add the
'( egg yolks, syrup, and melted choco
?I late, and beat well. Sift tbe dry
j| Ingrediente together and add alter
,f nately wttb the milk. Add vanilla
J and fold in the stiffly beaten white?.
[?Make ia loaf or layers in a moderate
W??n.
Tor frosting?cook one-half cup
! corn eyrtip until it forma a long
i thread when dropped rrom a spoon.
?? "Our over the stiffly beaten whites
.?of two egga and beat until thick
?l enough to spread.
These little iadividual spice cakea,
!" baked in muffin tin? are also very
J goeel:
4 taMaeneaaks ananr. 1 t?aapean cinnamon.
.? % can earn syrup. 14 tea apean sptcee.
i ?H. ?4 teaspoon nutmeg.
? H cue milk. % tenapoon cloves.
3 ?rune floor u, cup chopped rala
I S taaanooua baking tea.
Mix in order given.
'Oatmeal Drop Cookies
Without Sazsr.
i? ?-no fat
1*?, cap m&iumf*
ifc c?ui> corn ?vi up.
1 ?as *4 tanapoon clnna
??% cope poTed enta.
??? cop ratals*.
S erro chopped nuts. H teaspoon allspice.
Mix and drop from s spoon on
greased baking aheet. Bake la a
. ?vaick oven.
Along thia same line, remember
t+jat the old-faahloned gingerbread
calls for no sugar. Why not aerve
. It more often aa an autumn dessert?
, It la delicious served warm, with
whipped cream. *^
Here's That Rare Thint
Semething for Nothing.
For the benefit of the housekeep
? er. the Bureau of Standards, Depart
ment of Commerce, has published a
ird. to be hung in the kitchen,
giving information useful in the
household. This includes weights
and measures equivalente, weights
a?er bushel of the more common
vegetables and fruits, weighta per
cup of household commod;:i?. '-?< -1
as sugar, butter, lard, flour, and
r ee. Much other useful Informa
tion Is condensed upon this card.
$1 PAID FOR EACH
DOLLAR SAVED
How I Saved a Dollar
Here is a chance for every one
to earn a dollar by telling how
she^ha.? saved a dollar. It may be
a dollar or more. It may have
been saved in a day or a week.
However, all that matters is HOW
it waa saved.
$1 saved and $1 earned by the
tolling of the aaving makes $2.
How about it? Be brief and write
only on one side of paper.
ELIABBTH LATTIMER.
I will award a prise of $1 each
day for one of the suggestions
which I print.
Until the supply is exhausted,
copies of this publication may be
obtained by writing to the Bureau
of Standards. Washington. D. C. and
requesting Miscellaneous Publica
tions?No. 39, Household Weights
and Measures.
Today's Economy Prize goes to
Mrs. E. A. l?cheur, who ranks
with I.uther Burbank, the gentle
man who make* t*vo trees grow
where only one grew before. Mrs.
L?cheur has gotten the maximum
out of a roast of beef. It'is evident
hers is .a family with small appe
titea Hcre'a how she did it:
The Roast ? verlast ing.
DK AR EI.IZARET*H LATTIMER:
I have been reading; your articles in The
Times every day and th? recipe? are used
to cut down expense? In our food prepara
tions. I usually buy a ?mall roast of two
or three pounis every Saturday and spin
It out a? long as possible. Of course there
ar? only two In our family but larger
families could do th* ?ame thing ou a
larger ?cale.
On Saturday, for instance. I bought ? H
pounds? of roast ef brisket for 4? cant?
which lasted m> until Thursday. On Sun
day we had two meal? from it. Monday
? ?tripped tbe meat off the bones and put
it through a food chopper, mixing It with
start-over gravy, then reheating It. I tben
put It in a bowl and ?et it away to cool
When cold. It wa? nice and Arm and
could be cut Into alice*. This we had
sliced for Monday's supper. Then I put
the bone* from the roast In a kettle
with left-over carrot? and beans, covering
them with water aad thereby made .the
stock for vegetable soup, which we had on
Tuesday. From the left-over ground meat
I made meat roll? for Wednetaday. The
treat of the ?-round meat, together with
the liquid from the left-over ?oup. made
a Bice bash for Thursday evening.
MRS. E. A. LAC*HEt*R.
1?3S D etreet northeast
Weddings in China
The increasing influence of West
ern civilisation upon the Chinese
people is particularly noticeable in
functions which concern their home
life.
A few years ago a bride would
have been carried in a closed chair
to the home of her future husband,
and together they would have done
honor to his ancestral tablets as a
sign of her admission to his family.
A feast would follow, but in accord
ance with ?Chinese Ideas she would
have been rigidly excluded from
thia. Nowadays, even in Chinese
families where Christianity has not
been accepted, the wedding cere
mony ia conducted upon Western
lines, with best man, a, relative, to
give away the bride, bridesmaids,
and the utmost pomp and publicity.
Several weddings of recent years
have been celebrated on these lines,
the brides wearing Western gowns
with long trains. veiLs, and wreaths
/or orange blossoms.
The Witch That Walks on Hallowe'en <* ?> ,,?????
Answers to Questions
WHAT READERS OF THE TIMES WANT TO KNOW
Q.?Is it customary to wear mourn
ing for a two-year-old baby?
I. K.
A.?It is not customary to wear
heavy mourning for a young baby
or to wear it very long. You might
wear black and white with propriety.
Q.?What proportion of Americans
are Christians? ' C. C.
A.?The total /""number of church
members in the United States at tho
time of the last census was 42,044,374.
Of course, this number does not in-,
elude all believ.ers in the Christian
faith in the United States.
Q.?Has July' Fourth been made a
national holiday by act of Congress?
? CD.
A.?Indepenilence Day is a national
holiday by general custom and ob
Aunt Eppie Hogg, tbe Fattest Woman in Three Counties
By FONTAINE FOX.
?
/
y. - y
/Xfi/HZN Aunt i??\t is
CAUGHT OUT in A HlGM WlNL>
With hek ?specia:*, made To measure
i umbella it is quite. some job to
Keep The thing f^om turning insi
out or slowing awav ent/Kely
9
DE
(CepelsM. Itll. iyj ih. v\ h..l.r 8> ?dicale, lac)
servance, and not because of Con
gressional legislation.
Q.?What Individual in history *?i
Called the "Eaglet?" M. W.
A.?The son of Napoleon, sometime*
| known as Napoleon II and afterward
tbe Duke of Relchstadt was called
"Eaglet." He died when only twen
ty-one years of age. ?
.--_
Q.?What is the largest number of
cylinders used in aviation engines?
T. ?.
A.?Twenty-four cylinder* were
used in an experimental "Liberty"
aero engine.
Q.?Tell me the meaning'of .Tarn??
Earl Eraser's swculpture called "Tho
End of the Trail." R. K.
A.?This tragic picture o? the In
dian on his pony Is supposed to sym
bolize the dying out of the Indian
race.
Q.~ How many patents have been
granted in the United States? L. C.
A.?More than 1,300,000 patents
have been granted tn this country
since the United States Patent Office
was established in the latter part of
the eighteenth century.
Q.?What Is the percentage of
workers in the United States who are
unorganized? H. E.
A. -The American Federation ot
Labor says there are about 4.000,000
organized workers in this country.
Th*? 19-10 census showed that there
wero ahout~3!*>.000,000 persons engaged
in gainful occupation. This number
undoubtedly has grown. On the basts
of these figures there would be 34,
000. (KM) unorganized workers In the
United State-?. Tiiis means that eleven
out *? twelve are unorganized.
Q. ? What is Hip penalty for Inter
cepting or destroying a letter belong
ing to another person? K. E. G.
A Any person who interferes with
mail belonging to another person
"shall, for every such offense, be pun
ishable by a fine of not more than
$500, or by imprisonment at hard la
bor for not more than one year, or
by both."
Q.?How many ?Ten aro there in a
regiment? F. W.
? The maximum strength of an
infantry regiment is 103 offfcere and
3.053 men.
Q. In selecting a cllmaie for a per
i son .suffering from catarrh what are
the most important factors to be con
sidered? N. D.
A The United States Public Health
Service says that while Individual
agate* demand different climatic eon
'i 11 i??Tie?. |t I? *-ell to consider the fol
lowing factors.), in ?Hefting a health
ressort for the catarrh victim: An
atmosphere relatively free from dust
h nd an absence of sudden great fluc
tuations o t'^eem pelature.
Q. Why does a koung woman enter
ing a ('atholic religious order dress In
a bridal eostum??? .J. V.
? ? novice is arrayed In a bridil
costume before takintz the veil to
symbolize her bridal taita ?'hrist. Af
lore arti .-li" assumes the black habit,
rerioiim.-ing the world.
<J. What is the mortality rate of
ihildren under five years? E. S.
A. Mortality statlsrtlc* for children
und? r Ava > chis show that 328.4 per
1.O09 die.
Q. What is ? simple method of
?'leaning Ihe Dtckol part.*) of a stove?
M. W.
\ Mai*?? .-* paMe aC whiting ?rlthj
?<]ua iiinmoma. or, if it is not avail
able, water. Caver ihe parta* with]
Hi?-? itiixtui?' and allow il \>j dr\. Kt
terwartj mit vtf with ? Ui?' cloth ?rd
? PclioU.
Washington's Paintings.
Going to Ruin From Lack
Of Care, Says H. Q. Seebold
.?.? By Frederic J. Haakin.
PAINTINGS of the departed
American great- which decor
ate the halls of various Gov
ernment departments and of the
Capitol here in Washington are
slowly going to/ruin for lack of
care, according to H. Q. Secbold, an
authority on paintings, ancient and
modern. ?
Mr. Seebold says that the ancient
masterpieces of the European gal
leries would have disappeared long
ago if they'were no better care<l
for than the historic portraits in
our Government departments. He
says that the European pictures,
many of which ar? centuries old,
are watched ami cared for like ail
ing millionaires. Once a vear, at
least, each of them is given a ciat
of oil to preserve it from df.ay.
But not so the valuable American
paintings. They are allowed ??> rot
and flake until even a Cabinet offi
cer can see that there is some
thing wrong with them, and then
they are turned over to some art
ist to be "restored." Usually the
artist who gets the job is the one
who offers to do it for the lesht
money.
And the work should not be done
by artists at all. according? to Mr.
Seebold. It should be done by ex
pert mechanics especially trained
lor the work.
The most important of these im
periled Government portraits are
those of the Secretaries of State
and Assistant Secretaries of Sta'e
in the State Department, those of
the Attorney Generals in the De
partment of Justice, and those of
the Secretaries of War in the War
Department. It has long been
the custom for the incumbents of
these positions, upon retiring, to
have their portraits painted at Gov
ernment expense, and to leave them
hanging on the walls of their
offices. It is a perquisite which
secretarial vanity has seldom -been
able to forego. Some men who
held their jobs only a few week?
none-the-less left their likenesses
to gladden posterity.
Some of the portraits are really
masterpieces of art, and some of
them are masterpieces of honor.
All of them, of course, have great
historical value, and will have
moro and more as time goes on.
They &re really priceless things,
a-irt should be treated as such.
"Politically Painted."
One prominent Washington art
ist who was asked how commis
sions for these portraits were
given out said that, the pictures
were politically painted. In other
words the artist is chosen through
?"jull or personal friendship, or his I
ability to flatter. However, there
?aatna to l>e nothing particularly
political about that system. In all
walk.-* of life artists are .chosen to
paint portraits for the same rea
son?.
Some of the potrslts are very
poor, hut many of them are good
and a few excellent. Sorella. Sar
gent, Stewart, and Clarkson are a
few of the better known artists
represented. Many of the pictures
are not signed, and the names of
the artists who did them will re
main forever buried In the dusty
archives of the country. But the
nani?? of Herbert Vos will not I??
one of these. His signature is the
best executed bit of painting in
his portrait of Kichard Olney. as
it Is certainly the most prominent.
When various dignataries of the
Department of Justice were tact
lessly asked what the Government
paid for premervlag the faces of
its treat in oil. they llrst looked
reproachfully al the inquisii Iva one.
I hen conferred among? themselves
al length, and finally decided that
il was u secret they wuuiU ai-? or
tell. The War Department waa
more open about it. There it was
disclosed that the sum supposed to
be allotted is seven hundred and
fllty dollars for each portrait, but
that fortunately for our none-to
good reputation as an artistic na
ation, this extremely meager
amount is usually increased. Be
tween one and two thousand dol
lars 'is paid as a iule..
Letter? \ olnminnut*.
Some of the ccixrespondence on
this subject is interesting, and it is
surprisine.y voluminous. More
bargaining seems to have been done
over Mr. Tafts portrait than over
any of the others. One man offered
to paint a life-else bust of him.
furnish a gold frame, and maybe
throw in th?? hands, all for one
thousand dollars. But this offer was
refused and as a result Mr. Taft
goes down to posterity handless.
Two thousand dollars went for a
rather poor portrait of former Sec
retary of War Garrison, who holds a
vivid yellow pencil caressingly. Mr.
Scott says that five hundred of this
amount was added because of the
advanced cost of material. Mr. Gar
rison is a laige. man, but surely an
extra five hundred dollars worth of
paint was going a little strong.
A telegram in the files from ex
Secretary of War Stimson shows
that th?* suffering was not all on
one side. It says, "My portrait lias
neon painted by Gari Melcher for
firteen hundred dollars. Mr. Mel
cher is now ill In a New York hos
pital."
James J. Haney. oh.ef messenger
of the Department of Justice, claims
that his department has the finest
portraits in the ?'aiutai. Mr. Haney
has stirved under eighteen of the
fifty-one Attorneys General and says
that every one of their portraits
is a good likeness, and surely he
ought to know. There is a mellow
ness and richness of tone about
these portraits, especially the earlier
ones, and a dignity about the poses
which make one feel that here are
some fine, specimens of American
painting as well as some pictures of
fine Americans. There is an especi
ally good painting of Judge llan
dolph, who was appointed by Wash
ington in 1789. Bradford, the second
attorney general, called the ladies'
man. because of his beautifully kept
small hands and gra?*eful pose,
makes an interesting picture also.
It is said that Judge Olney doubled
the price allotted for this portrait
out of his own pocket so that his
face might go down to posterity
worthily limned.
HUturieally Prlrel?**?.
Aside from their artistic value or
lack of it, these picture? are price
less a.? historical records, liulee I.
one man suggested they are lavai?
untile as a pageant of the neckw?-ar
of our statesmen, and tell in a most
impressive way how the humble
? oliar and tie waxed and u i,?i|
through the history of the country.
The canary-colored waistcoat i*
here also, and ckc the lily white.
The hand of the public speaker,
stud, between two buttons of the
coat, abounds. There ar?* secretar
ies surrendered by heavy tomes and
gazing eagle-eye?l into the future
and secretaries jaunty in riding ? es
tuino. Martin Van Burr ? is pink
and cherubic with ?-ottony mutton
chop whlsk?'rs. Lewis Case ?s swa<l
dled in a rob?* of bla?*k, like a fat,
dyspeptic Hamlet. James Q. Binino.
highlly buttoned up, ? lut?*hes the
arm of his ?'hair, an?) seems ill at
??as?*. Klihu l?oot. sitting at Ins
?lenk, la ?lobouair and humorous.
John (\ f'alhouii. with wildly dis
iiiii? r?*d hair and I ?h.-p?Tai" ?are.
ssMaM lo b?? ?lispl?ased with the way
things an run without him.
The Love Gambler
By VIRGINIA TERHUNE VAN DE WATER
DESIKEE L.EIGHTON dined
alone thia evening.
This was a rare occurrence.
Her father seldom left her to take
the evening meal by heraelf. He
usually exacted her promise to send
for some friend to keep her com
pany.
David DeLatne had been right ia
his supposition that his former
employer would be at his club to
night. A dinner was to be given
there in honor of a certain Cana
dian military man It was an oc
casion that Samuel L?eighton would
have been loth to miss.
Nevertheless he ?poke regret
fully on his bidding his daughter
good-bye at 7 o'clock. She ?ti not
looking well. >;or had she looked
well for son:e days She seemed
as cheerful as usual, but her father
saw that it was an effort for her
to appear so.
"Did you invite some one to dine
with you?" he now asked, as he
kissed her.
She shook her head. "No. Dad. G
did not want anyone."
"I told you to ask your aunt, or
Helen Goddard? ?r some one?to
come in."
"1 did not want anybody." she In
sisted. "Aunt Adelaide has a cold.
As to Helen"?she paused.
"I know." her father said curtly,
"she talks too mtfc"h.~ I can'weTl un
derstand your not wanting her.
Still?there are other?."
Desire? smiled. "But I like my
cwn company." she declared. "And
I have a -now book I want to fend "
She was glad when he was g on*-.
The car,, with a ?new chauffeur?not
the one whom Smith had suggested
?was awaiting him at the curb.
Standing listless In the hall after
her father's departure De-eiree
started nervously when a sharp
ring came at the front doorbell.
Without waiting for the maid to
respond to the summons she opened
the door herself.
A ten???
A boy handed her a letter.
"I am to wait for an answer,
please," he said.
She gazed for a moment at the
envelope. She had seen that hand
writing somewhere before, she had
some association connected with it.
Then she drew forth the letter
and read it. Her heart seemed to
stand still; she felt a flood of color
suffuse her face.
Smith wAs here in town. He
wanted to afee her.
The waitress who had heard the
bell appeared now. but. seeing that
Desiree had opened the door hsr
self. withdrew silently.
"I will bring yon an answer In a
minute," Miss I^eighton told the
messenger, her voice low, hut
ateady.
Going into the library she sank
into a chair at the de*k and held
her heed in her hands trying to
think clearly.
What did the letter mean
But no explanation catne to
clarify matters for her. She was
keenly conscious <?G but two things.
The flrnt was that she must see
this man: the other, that she was
thankful that her father was out
for the evening.
Vive minutes Ister she handed ?he
waiting boy the brief note she had
wI tllai and signed the slip he held
toward her.
She wondered how .?.?on Smith
?ciild receive her lelt't The hotel
from which he had written was not
far away.
l'or an instant it M ?fail r?ej '?? her
to \senOcr li?.w Smith a ?H?aaffe?wr,
ha pp. n??d to b" able t.> afford In
Step St the ?t ?i use from \\t,??h he
had unit???. 1' h?f not a fashion
able icsurt-jct it ?l< ?ut the
type of hostelry at w t? >? ? one wo
expert a < haulteur t<? !^<i|'
But these sp?- a' '? ?er?
banished by the appreciation that
be was actually in New York one?
more.
Her TaaafSt?
And ntow ?he was to ae* hint
face to face?to hear brm ap-jak?r
to talk to him-? I
Throwing herself mto a great
chair, she closed her e^-es and tried
to calm the txating of her heart.
of courw the meri waa rsalaf
here only on business?he had lati?
mated as much in the note that lay
wrote lo ber lie said ?? nana T?
matter of importance" to htntawlf
Could it be that he wanted ta
s?k her for a /-ecomwendawe? t?
come other position?
But no -he ? puld net ask th?t af
>,?r Nor would he (to to ker father
with such a request Had he bona
any other than the man lie u aa. ha
might so far hav. forgotten bla
pnd-e But he could not do suck a
thing. And he wouid never nnek
her out unless be had some gao?t
'reason to do so Pride and humility
were Curiously mmgled in hi? char
acter.
She had felt tired a ? 4 wer?
lately?for internal conflit w?
one down She had waged a
tlnual struggle 'with Herself?a
struggle to forget this man. Ms
face, his voice, his manner She
had drTven her" thought? in all di
rections, except toward him Tet
as soon as Her vigilance relaxed
they ruaherd to him.
"Dinner Is served, ma arr ' '.be
new waitress announced.
Silently Deslree took her seat at
the table. Only once did abaaeaia*.
to her attendant, and this ?u at
the end of the meal.
"I am expecting s callar at ?:??&."
she said If any one else call? thia
evening, kindly say that I win* t?
be excused'
BOOKS
?'ROMANCI OF A ORIAT FACTO?! -
By Charles at. Ktnaay. at M.
"There is romance in that mighty
spinning top. the steam turbine, fed
by the etored sunlight of preh.s
toric ages?ages when ferns were
giant trees and our ancestors wer?
crawling things in the slime on the
shore? of the lagoon. Turning %t
a speed which would carry It aerosa
tbe continent In a few hours wer?
it not imprisoned ia the power
plant, some single turbines furnish
mankind with electricity equaling
the power of ?*0.??0 nsrane They
turn night into day, and propel th?
electric train with the speed of th?
gale." Thus writes Dr. Charle?? P.
Steinmetz in the introduction of tbe
? 'Ilo-mance of a Factory."
That there is romance, and
poetry, too. In mighty modera
mechanisms. Kipling has (old ia
sonn- of lus ?erne. Mr. liiplry de
picts the operations of a great in
dustry, the G.-neral Electric Com
pany, at Schcnectady. N. V.. In >saaa|
entertaining manner Dial the read
er has to m*o?mpliah In prose ??????
of what Kffeliiig did for ?team ?a
his verse. 1*fie ? m ? ?.. ?***?
ti.ulai l'ic ''Hell
place m ti t
???p??? side of an indu. ? ??
pto] ma. - *? men.

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