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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, November 27, 1919, FINAL EDITION, Image 2

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Miners Declare 14 Per Cent
? Raise Not Enougii, and Will
Fight It Out.
f-ontinued from First Page.)
?ot attempt to force the miners to re
turn to their work, but will offer
' protection to those miners who tli
?Ire to accept the Go?. ? rnment'a cIj
: claion of a fair increase and eetne
?loan to the production of the c??I
? to bally needed by the nat.on and 'he
The wa-;e scale onmrntttfea will
*-?et tomorrow to take formal action
on the proposition made by Dr. Oar
field. There la but slight h??pe that it
will be accepted. There waa every in
?licatton h?>re today that the negotla
, lions would be broken off despite the
? statement of Thomas T. Brewater,.
? haii-ma? of the operators" committee, I
that "tha operator? are ready to
negotiate' a new wage scale agree?
ment, despite Dr. OarAHd'a statement
that th? Government will not permit
an advance ts the pri*?e of coal."
Many of the operators declare thai
'hey rnjist reject the propoalti??n of
Dr. Garfield. or be forced to close
drawn their mines. Othera feel thst
they can atand the lncreaae. with
hopes of increaaing the price of coal
when the I.ever law bromee Ineffect
ive ?a-lth the ti??c la ration of peace.
Dr. Ga-fleld state! .irxciflcall"* to
?he conference last nirht that his
proposal for a 14. per cent Increase
was In no manner an ultimatum, but
was merely a statement of the Gov
I ernment'? decision aa to what the
, fair basia of sett'<-*v?ent vould be. In
?the face of thi? statement. It appears
? that the Cabinet has decided to r?*st
j It? battle very largely with publrt
**Jlaer?? Will MM ?leturn.
"The miners will not return to
work on a 14 per cent basis," said
1'iwarl SteTvai t. president of the
1 Indiana dl?tr ct council of the I'nited
| Mire VT? k re' union.
"This ? opca;:l n, if carr?ed out.
rwill b enk. '-tl! co?*-ipl?tely ruin manv
mine ops at rs who are too old t'
?tart anew," ?aid P. H. Panna, of
the Indiana Operators' Assoc ation.
Many mines will have to cloae
Little attention will be given in
today's conference, it was Indicated,
to Garfl?'ld'a proposal for an advisory
commission of miner? and operatore
headed by Secretary Lane to make a
continuous study of wage and work
ng condition??, profits of operators
?nd coal proiuctlun.
Mine's and operator? wIM not die.?
:usa this. It wa* ?aid. until progress
is made with the wage question. ?,
Tbe operators, it was learned, hope
t?> collect figures on profit? In 1011?.
showing they are losing money. They
plan to present the?e to Gartleld with
the hope of persuading hi ? to con
sent to an increase ?n selling prie??.
DENVKR. Col.. Nov. 27?Honorable
patches will b? fashionable here until
the high cost of clothes drops. Women
club members today s.'gned a pledge
! to stop buying clothe? until prices
! irop.
New I. the time te ?ave. Reinvest
.??er Liberty Bat? Inter-rat la *tV. S. S.
The Gift of the Groom
almost universally a piece of jew
elry, should be something of taste,
charm and va'ue. We have jewels
which meet all these requirements
and we give exceptional values. In
spect our stock before making a
361 Pennsylvania Ave.
Diamond Experts Established 53
Dam or?is and Preciou* Ston-es
Fuel Admin-tr-tor Harry A. 'Gar
field announced .the terms of settle
ment of the coal strike, which the
government will sanction. In the fol
lowing s atement made last night to
?he joint subscale comnvttee of the
coa' operators and miners:
On the 24th Iret. I announced
that the public must not be a.'ked
to pay more than i'. Is now paying
for coal, unless it is neces-ary to
do so in order to provide reason
able wage? to the mine workers
nnd a reasonabl?? profit to the
operators. Careful investigation
forces me to the roncaH?ilon tha*.
In accordance with this and the
other prlpclp'es set forth on the
24th inai., the punllc ouirht not to
be required to nay anv increase in
co'l price? at thi?? time.
The prie???, fived by t'.e Govern
ment on c>al erere emlesila??4 to
Increase production for war pur
poses. Coal was haste and the In
crease in production was Impera
tive. The operators are now in
receipt of margins which were
necessary to effect that Increase
of production, but which are
larger than are required under
present conditions. It was esti
mated that the production needed
for lOH-. was ?OO.noo.fKM) ton?. The
estimate for 1919 is .'OO ODO.OOO tons.
Applying; the principles set forth
In paragraph I of the ntatement
of November 2t. w hen the average
Increases in wag?-s since 1913 for
the various classe? of nv'ne work
er? are deducted from the lncreas??
In Um cost of living ?Ince tjiat
time, we arrive at the amount of
additional increase in wages Justi
fiable at the present time.
I'rge? It Per lent lncreaae.
I have taken th?. figures of the
Rureau of Labor Statistics for
both cost of living and for the
weighted average of wage In
creases. According to these fig
ures the cost of 1:.Ing has risen
79 8 per cent since 191.?, and the
amount necessary to bring the
average wages of mine workers
up to thi? point at the present
ti ne is 14 per cent.
Readjustments heretofore made
since 1913 were such as to give
certain classes of mine workers
an average Increase m excess of
the Increase In the cost of living,
nnd certain other? an average In- ?
crease helo?? the increase in the
cost of living. This form of ad
justment was made in order to
establish or preserve certain rela
tive bates In the mining indus
I do not think this condition,
however, ought to result in giving
to mine workers, as a whole, and,
in consequence, imposing upon
the public, a total average in
crease in excegg of the total aver
age increase ?n the cost of living,
because, if this course be adopted,
the result would be that the total
increased burden placed upon the
mining: industry will be far In
excess of the increase in the cost
of living. If this principle were
applied in industries generally, it
is obvious that the resulting cost
would be passed along to the gen
eral public, and the increased
wages would increase in a rapid
spiral, taking as a minimum the
percentage of Increase in the cost
of living. In the long; run this
would add many new and serious
burdens to the cost of living: of
the ?entire public, and would fall
more injuriously upon the work
ing classes than up any others.
????re-assent Pri?e < onfi-l.
It seems to me that the reason
able way to ?leal with this situa
tion l*> to give to the industry as
a whole an average increase com
mensurale with the Increase in
the cost of living and then let
that iiniotint of increa.-e he appor
tioned in accordance with the
wag?? bases that are acceptable to
the employers and the employes,
?"ontrol of price? by the Govern
ment will be maintained for the
The present negotiation stands
by itself, but it Is far from dispos
ing of the fundamental con
troversy between operators and
mine workers. That controversy
is bound to be a continuing one
a? matters now stand. It involves
living conditions and conditions
in the mines, as well aa wages
and profits, and the general rela
tion between operators and mine
workers. Therefore, to aid in ap
plying the principles wnich have
governo! us and which should
govern in reaching conclusions in
the future, it Is urged that a per
manent consultative body with
purely advisory powers, be set up.
consisting of the Secretary of the
Interior a.? chairman and of an
equal number of representatives
of the operators and of the mine
workers, chosen in such mannr
a?t they may each determine from
time to time.
Advexrafes (?si Reparta.
In order that the data neces
sary for the consideration of this
consultative body may at all times
be available. It is urged that the
Congress mr.ke provision for col
lecting definite and trustworthy
information concerning the coal
and coke industry and for the
tabulation of the same in quar
terly reports showing:
1?Production, distribution, stor
age, and stocks of coal and coke.
2?The cost of production and
distribution and of maintaining
suitable stocks, and any other
data concerning the industry
deemed necessary.
3?The cost of living in the
several coal fields.
3?The selling prices and profits
obtained by the operators, mid
dlemen and retail dealers.
d?Export requirements and the
?V*? Fuel Administrator,
who has fixed 14 per cent
as the maximum increase
at this time for the coal
miners and who is pre
pared to enforce the Gov
ernment's decision.
conditions limiting them.
The settlement of the present
controversy on the wage and price
basis above indicated must be
considered in the light of the pro
posal to set up this permanent,
consultative body. While It ? ill
not have powers of decision, it
will hardly seem possible to a
reasonable man that in the light
of its conclusions demands for
exorbitant profits or unreason
able, wages' can be successfully
maintained, or that conditions
unfavorable to the American
standard of living will be toler
NEW VOF.K, Nov. 27.?Bituminous
coal operators were accused of ob
scuring the issue by William <*.. Mc
Adoo, former Secretary of the Treas
ury, in a formal answer yesterday to
their telegrams criticising his earlier
statement that they made "shocking
and Indefensible profits in 1?U7."
"The statement in your telegrams,"
said his reply, "that the average mar
gin per ton of all coal mined in 1918
was 46 cents has no bearing upon
this issue. These averages are ire
quently used ns convenient smoke
screens to obscur.? Ci.? ^?<*?."
"Whatever the m-r.?-: per toi
was.'' Mr McAdoo added, "if it re
sulted in excessive profl.s on the capi
tal employed. 4hen clearly the public
should not be made to pay higher
prices for coal, and the mine owner?
should absorb the wage increase to
the men. The income tax return*
speak for themselves
?Vou state that the bituminou? coal
operators will ^welcome the publica
tion of just as full current tpx re
turn.? for the bituminous coal indus
try as are published for any other In
dustry. The publication of return?
for any other industry has nothing
\o do m Uli Xfcls case.
Wage larrea??. jDMlSed.
"I am convinced that the increased
wages proposed by Secretary Wilson
for the mine workers are Just and
reas? nable. ?
"I ignore the offensive tone of your
telegram because neitner personali
ties nor questioning of motive should
be permitted to obscure the issue. I
am not surprised, m? r?over. that you
think it bad taste for me as a private
citizen to express my opinion upon
an Important question concerning the
general public., but even a private
citizen has as much right as mine
owner.? to express his opinione in
free America. I shall never hesitate
so long as I have a voice, to raise it
in behalf of the public whenever 1
think it proper to do so.''
KKW YORK. Nov. 27?Protection
for the coal miners against "exploit*
Ar???eptic. prophylactac. deodorizrag.
fragrant and r_rt-??ng. An ideal
face, akin, baby aad dilating powder.
It ?oathea and cools tbe akin, over
come* be*ry pe?as? ai??, i? coeve??
i??t atad e>?_?a?I aad take? tbe
place ?of other? perfume? for tbe ?km.
aa_j_l after bettiimp with Cm???
Soap. A few graana dinged on tbe akin
and banda impart? to tbe pereon a del
icate, iedrridoal and dieti_tjt-e fra
grance. ???ring tbe at?? sweet and
5?a? 2Se, Orni??4 ?? erne SOc. Talc*-?
2t*? Said tnroughotrt the wo-kl. For
?ample mech free addre? : "Cui??? L__
enteriee. D.-4. ISF, iti Id?-. Mem."
lutxerm So?- emeeee ???(?? a???.
?inn" by the op-ritor? vu asked to
day in a report of the Fed. ral Coun
cil of the Churche? of Osa**?*"*, in Amer
lea af'?r a review of the coal ?trk?
situation. The report addressed tc
the Federal iloveriinient by the Rev
Wnrth M Tippe?, executive secretar},
said. In part
If the c.overnment Is to a??ume
re?pon?lbllity for curtailing the use
of economic power In which, thu? far
labor unions have had the protection
of la??, It i? under Just as compelling
an obligation to provide for Its wage
earning constituency and to protect
-? ars **? su. ?. a ?iiuatio?* as ani
: her ? ? I la*
V r.?r. un?*j?ie?:iona'I) Lave s
r?'al gr va'ice. ?na ? ?m ?>,",.. ?er?
-... ? .-r,???. io ?*. ?\ ? th? ? ri-manda ef
? -?? ihrouih * ?tr ke Jf the
?trike cannot 1.? i?|,~r-?t?*<i ?.?, ?u^ tn#
?ir. igt1 or il,??? ?I. .... . (,_, ^.
coto? s?? groat a? to ?????? tute a MSaV
lie per! thon th? Cover rtnent must
find a ?'?> to ?>ecur*? it? worker?
against e-spioi tstlon. to gusrantee as
adequate hearing of demanda and m*
secure ?ages and hours of work thai
will make possible an Americas
Ing standard "
Here's Your Stetson
The word Stetson is as well
known as the word Hat. The
thing that has forced this recog
nition on an advertising wise peo
ple, is quality.
It 3'oirve always worn Stet
sons, you'll be glad of P-B
service with your new one. If you
never have, it's time vou got
Our Stetson Hats, purchased
before the recent price rises, are
selling at the old prices,
$6 to $10
Nationally Known Store for Men end Bey*
Daily, 8:30 to 4?
Peter Gro$an %^& Sons Co.
017?23 Seventh St., N.W
Library Suite
Three massive pieces with frames in
highly polished mahogany tinish; uphol
stered in blue imitation leather.
Regular Price, $195.00
Special Sale Price
Cash or Credit
Roll Reco r ?Cabinet
A cabinet for music roll records; stands
50 inches high; handsome mahogany
Regular Price, $30.00
Special Sale Price
Cash or Credit
Living Room Suite
Three fine pieces with frames in ma
hogany finish; cane back and sides; up
holstered in blue damask; two pillows to
Regular Price, $285.00
Special ?Sale Price
Cash or Credit
Library Suite
All-over upholstery of the highest grade
of brown imitation "leather. Settee is 81
inches in length. Chair and Rocker are
large and comfortable.
Regular Price, $325.00
Special Sale Price
Cash or Credit
Golden oak with rubber gloss finish; a
good size, with five roomy drawers.
Regular Price, $18.75
Special Sale Price
Cash or Credit
Medicine Cabinet
All-steel construction, with white
enamel finish; oval or oblong mirrors.
Regular Price, $8.00
Special Sale Price
Cash or Credit
High Chairs
All wood; substantial construction;
golden oak finish.
Regular Price, $4.50
Special Sale Price
Cash or Credit
Baby Cribs
Strong frames with white enamel fin
ish; high sides with the patent drop fea
Regular Price, $24.00
Special Sale Price
Cash or Credit
Our Special Sale Offers Hundreds 6Jf
Furniture Bargains
JUST at the time when you're ready to look for the Furniture needed to make your home comfortable and attractive we're
offering some extremely large price reductions in practical y-*mm department of our tremendous stock. The goods are all
late patterns?bright and new?and we assure qualities that will give long years of service.
Kvery price is plainly marked in figures you can read?cash or credit?and we'll gladly arrange for small weekly
or monthly payments.
Bedroom Suite
Four beautiful pieces in mahogany fin
ish. A pattern of the Queen Anne period.
Large Dresser, Toilet Table with triple
plate mirrors, Chifforette and Bed de
signed to match.
Regular Price, $320.00
Special Sale Price
Cash or Credit
Kitchen Cabinet
An all-steel cabinet, finished in white
enamel; a model designed for the maxi
mum of convenience and compactness.
Regular Price, $95.00
Special Sale Price
Cash or Credit
The famous Gunn Sectional Bookcase,
in mahoganv finish; four sections.
Regular Price, $40.00
Special Sale Price
Cash or Credit
Tea Wagon
Genuine oak frame in the rich Jacobean
linish ; rubber-tired wheels.
Regular Price, $25.00
Special Sale Price
Cash or Credit
$1 -7.50
Fireside Rockers
Large '?Comfy" Rockers, handsomely
upholstered in imitation leather?choice
of brown or black.
Regular Price, $30.00
Special Sale Price
Cash or Credit
Golden oak with rubber gloss linish;
lar?e mirror and three large drawers?
Regular Price, $25.00
Special Sale Price
Cash or Credit
A magnificent piece in mahogany finish.
Here is the most useful piece of furniture
ever invented?a sofa for daytime and a
most comfortable bed for night.
Regular Price, $95.00
Special Sale Price
.Cash or Credit
Dining Room Suite
Four handsome pieces of golden oak in
a pattern of the William and Marv period.
Large Buffet, China Closet, Extension
Table and Serving Chest.
Regular Price, $255.00
Special Sale Price
Cash or Credit
Peter Grogan 9_w& Sons Co.
617-523 Seventh St.. N.W.

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