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FINAL EDITION 3, Cents number ix.400. ?;rg'tfas;;re" Washington, sunday evening. January 4. 1920. price three cents. ?, ?? ? - ?? -? ? ... .f =r.f~ ? . - 1 ? 1 1 , ... ^ ? . , 1. J !J L 1 ! ? TIL I ' !' ? ? ?? Scantily Clad Women Rescued From Burning Apartments as Mercury Stands at 12 PAISH WANTS U.S. TO HELP BACK 35 BILLION LOAN [Today Other Ptople. CrHlen. Ravatflac, Henry IV. Dm Mob Aiwayt Hideout. Read Hletory, Biography. | By ABTWfra BlUBiNE (C?trrlfkl, mm ) Hmm ?onU on U>? Uraek Tem pi*, repeated la every generation. "Know Thyself." are net such wise ? words Better advice would be, "Know Others, Know the Human ftaqf to Which You Beluug. Ite * Great rneu, Fighters, Fools, Philos ophers, Slavey and Parasites Mo man can ever know himself. \ bat studying otbere he can learn aomeihioc about himself Read history and blographiee. ' which are the eeeence of history Many men have written poor bts tanoa The history that fives detM of battlea, names of kings, means nothing. The Invention of the wheelbar row, comparatively recent, is more important to the world than a hundred. dates of battles Good histories do exist, how ever. Try Green's "History of the Knglleh People." admirable. Michelet't "History of Prance," rather long for America** In a harry. Win wood Reade'e "Martyrdom of Mao." short, rather bitter and ex aggerated in one direction. Reel as' "Man and the Earth," long, but not a page too long. Flake's "Writings on Early Day* In Our Country," useful for removing national conceit Same histories men buy. put on their shelves, ought to read and do not read, like Gibbon's monumen ts) work. Others, less worthy, are 'useful, creating on appetite fer something better. Of the latter C>rt is Alexandre Dumas' "Great en In Their Dressing Gowns." Historians will tell you it Ij not ail accurate, and it is far from It The writer of Action could not . write history without some fiction. But read the smsll volume about Henry IV, Louis XIII: the facts are Interesting, the inaccuracies are not important The book of famous Frenchmen described by s Frenchman with imagination is made up of pic tares. Henry IV came into the world laughing, unusual if^rue; his grandfather. King of Navarre, Im mediately took him off to bis own, room, 'rubbed garlic on his Hps, and from a goblet of gold made him drink a thimbleful of wine to "start him in the right way." The baby liked the wine. In spite of his early depravity he turned out to bo one of the best kings Prance ever had. Ae Interesting m the King was . the famous fighter, Crillon, fit 'rank with Duguesclln, D'Au vercne, and Lahire, who. fightifig a bur bear and armed only with I small knife, .improvised the cele- / brated prayer, "Lord, 1 ask no favors, nut if you don't help La hire. do not help the bear." When Crillon died, some , three centuries back, they found on his boriv twenty-two big wounds. He is the man who cried out in church when h? first heard the prieit describe the sufferings of Christ, "Lord Jesus Christ, what a misfortune for you that Crillon was not there; they would never have crucified you. The dancing master ssid to him when he was a lad, "Now bend over, and retire (Pliez, Reculei)." Crillon replied, "Know that Cril lon will never either bend or re tire." He lived up to that. The young Due De Guise, testing Cnllon's courage, learned a useful lesson. Crillon was waked out of a , sound sleep, his room was filled with firmed men, one shouting in his ear that the enemy had seized the cattle. The yoling duke, pre tending rraat fright, screamed: "What shall we do?" Crillon, calmly putting on his shirt, an swered, "What a foolish question! We must die like decent men, of course." When the duke confessed it was all ? Joke, Crillon Baid, "Thou hast played a dangerous game, my child. For if I had shown coward ice, I should have stabbed thee for making me ridiculous." Read Dumas' study of Henry rVs character, based on narra tives. He often accused himself of cowardice and fought all the harder, exposing himself to bul lets, to punish himself for being a/ralA "Al* miserable carcass," he said, addressing his own body. "Thou trwnblest. "Well, Ventre Saint Otit, 111 give you something to make you tremble." Then he ' Tushed In among the bullets. This was the King's idea of a wife: "Beauty In her person, pudlcity In her life, good nature, quick wit, fecundity, eminent birth, and possessing large estates." He, however, said that he would consent to marry the Infanta of Rpaln, "although she Is old enough and ugly snough, if with her I an jurry the lowlands." When Ravaillac stabbed Henry IV as he sat in his carriage, the King took it calmly, saying at first. "Ah. I am wounded;" then, "It is nothing." Then he died. What fol lowed, when the "Justice" of 300 veer* ago seized upon the mur derer. is horrible for modem read Serious judges and courtiers cWeaHed as to torture* that might bo invented to make the murderer nemo his accomplices. The Queen, filwrie de Medici, wrote reoom tnanding s butcher who offered hit tarvkes, guaranteeing that he would skin the murderer alive. SO . rkUlfally that after being skinned (Coauaii?? oa Pace g, Mtas I) GIRLS cm DOWN LADDER 1 1 " l Terrace Inn Apartments Dam* aged By Early Morning Fire. Starts In Basement. NEWSBOY S.OUNOS ALARM C. R. Hayes Runs Through Cor ridor and Awakens Tenants Ih Time to Flee. Occupants of the Terrace Inn Apartments at Thomas Circle were forced into the biting cold scantily clad and firemen carried others, partially overcome by smoke, down ladders, when fire badly damaged the building about 7: SO o'clock this morning. JV passing newsboy discovered smoke issuing from the building and spread the alarm. Sleeping tenantn were aroused to find the corrldora and rooms filled with dense fumes and exits cut off by flames which started in the basement. Hayes Warns Tenants. C. R. Hayes, who occupies an apart ment on rhe fourth floor spread the alarm, and while those in the lower. rooms had an opportunity to flee to the street clad In such garments aa they could father, the occupants of tfea nPPO* floor* rushed panic-stricken te the roof and windows shouting for relief. When Truck Company No. 2 arrived ( upon the scene, hysterical women shouted that many were penned In the burning building. Ladders were quickly raised, and Fireman A. J. Wernlg, of Engine Company No. 2. brought down Mr. and Mrs. A .C. Arata from their third floor apart ment, chilled from exposure, but un injured. Two half frosen girls car ried to the street. Immediately hailed a taxi and drove away. Captain Robert E. Doyle of the Third precinct assisted Lieut Thomas Buckley of No. 7 Engine Company In rescuing U. O. Cllak. who occupied a third-floor apartment, and who was partially overcome by smoke. Lead Tenants t* Street. Meantime the firemen who*had en tered the building reassured the frightened tenants and induced a score of them to find their wsy through the smoke-filled halls to the exits leading to the street. Through *hc bravery of C. R. Hayes, who ran through the building and roused every tenant, was prob ably due the fact that all escaped In safety, for the fire spread so rapidly the building was almost Immediately filled with the densest of smoke. He personally escorted four girla to the street. Neighbors opened their doors for the shivering tenants, for the mer cury was 12 decrees above, although a number of fair Government work ers treated the fire as a movie thrill er and Insisted upon standing around until the department conquered the blaze? The building Is a four-story brick, overlooking Thomas Circle. Mrs. A. (Continued t n fag* 3, Column 8.) Keeping Up With The Times A FACT A DAY A tribute to the use, the power and the development of Advertising, which the mem bership committee of the Ad vertising Club of Washington is using in printed form, is so well conceived, and expressed that it merits wide republica tion. It reads: According to ThalCs, the ancient Greek philosopher, water wns the all-pervn.1 Ing principle of life. The earth floated upon and de rived its nourishment from this Infinite ocean. In a similar sense, the unlverssl element upon which the entire structure of modern business Is founded ?? In which all Things Commercial have their beginnings and end? Is ADVERTISING. ? The Importance and far reaching ramifications of Advertising -'Its Influence npon the dally lives of each and every one of us?Is something too colossal to estimate. And yet the Potential value Of advertising?-Its accomplishments In years to eeme?will he Increased a thousandfold. Bv Maklna Advertising ? Better Advertising. Washington Bootleggers Ply Trade Under Nose of Police; Times Investigator Buys Doctored Whiskey in City Streets Chemist* must be Tery careful aa to exact quantities. Chemist Beyer i here is seen using a pipette Into which he la drawing a quantity of bootleg whiskey to analyse. FAKE RUM FOUND Br CHEMIST IN SIX BOTTLES An investigator for The Timet sought and found the bootleggers of Washing ton. He learned their methods, obtained samples of their wares and had these samples an alyzed. The object of this investigation by The Times was to ascertain hou Washington is threatened, by the sale of poisons in the guise of liquor, chief among which is wood alcohol, which recently took such an appall ing toll of lives throughout the coun try j to determine how effective and acttve are the police in suppressing the bootlegger as a menace to health and life as well as law and order, and to vmm the ignorant, the un wary and the reckless of their dan ger in consuming liquor purchased clandestinely. This is the result of the investiga tion : In the gathering dusk a man stands at the intersection of Four and-a-half :.nd G streets southwest, simulating interest in a mediocre display of holiday wares in a store window. A large policeman slouches along the other side of the street. Several negroes apparently arc loaf ing about the corners. One of the negroes studies the window gazer covertly, then sham bles by him. Their coat sleeves brush. The window gazer turns as the negro glances back. There is a look of significant inquiry in the ne gro's eyes. A slight nod. accom panied by'an equally significant look, answer*. Dealer Is Wiry; Also Purchaser. The negro approaches. lit, too. gaze* Intently Into the show window. They use the corners of their mouths to converse. A coin chanfreii hands. The negro walks east on O *tre?t, disappearing Into the flrat alley. , A few minute* later the negro re turns. The huge policeman Is loiter ing about half a block away on Four and-a-half atrset. The inan at ths window also doe* not pretend to ob serve or be Interested In th/> negro's conduct, but the negro again ap proaches him. Again their face* con tort In that mothofl of speech pecu liar to penal Institution* where si lence I* decreed to conspirators the world over. The negro removes two, half-pint bottles from pockets of a teamatur's leather Jacket he la wearing. The (Continued on Page ll Column J.) ass ca#n row rxmnMsnox ?m "*??( Pee Ten De wl??i an BUorli i in Jgg 1 ^10 J**n^r^r?^nlitf I Chemist G. F. Beyer, of the Internal Revenue Bureau, mak ing the fusel oil test for coloring m atter In a half-pint bottle of a Washington bootlegger's ware. With the addition of the fusel oil the matter used to give 'a whisker color separates from the other ingredients. Problems of Washington The Public Schools: Teachers' Salaries The Second of a Series of Articles on the 1 ? Washington School System, Written By An Authority on the Subject. By ERNEST L. THURSTON, Superintendent of Public School*. A part of the strain on our school system and on the teaching force is due to a lack of sufficient teachers. The enrollment for the current year is running 4,500 above last year, with signs of steady increase. There has been no increase in teaching force. Not only arc schools crowded; classes are over-large. There is a point of overload in teaching as in the use of machinery. Go beyond this, and there is loss of efficiency?and even a breakdown. Our high schools, with a 25 per cent increase of enrollment over last year, are heavily burdened. The smaller enrollment and the distribution of subjects in the upper years make for more reasonable classes?but in the first two years especially classes arc heavy. No teacher should teach intensive high school sub jects in classes of more than thirty. Today we have sev eral hundred classes of more than thirty each; a very considerable proportion being over thirty-five, and a noticeable number forty or over. A teacher with four or five classes of thirty pupils each has 120 t0/150 different personalities to teach and help. That is enough. We have not the adequate teach ers for high school physical training. Hundreds of pupils (Cmtimti ? PSff? 4. CoL 3J A revenue stamp is a revenue stamp for a' that in tne eyes of a Washington bootlegger. The one who sold this half-pint bottle for $4 psed a 1-quart stamp he bad steamed olt another bottle to camou flage It The bottle contained water colored with burnt ausar. THREE MffitE ARKS WAITING FOR REDS Huge Army Transports Held In Mew York for "Emergency Service." NEW TORK. Jmi. 4.?Three huge army transports are hare for "emerg ency service." Tlie America, the President Grant, and possibly the Pitxpatrlck, arc expected to form the "soviet aquadron," to be. u*ed In de porting hundred! of radicala rounded up In the nation-wide drive undar way alnca Friday night. It la believed the flrat cargo of un desirables will be ready to follow the Buford, ""soviet ark," now en routa for aome port In Kuaiia with Emma Ooldman. Alexander Berkman, and mora than 200 other deportee*, within a week or ten days. Membera of the Communiat party were arriving at Kills Island yester day and today. Th^y form tha middle elaaa of what la now a party divided Into thre* parts: One section en route on the Bufor4; the second sec tion held for deportation hearings, nnd tha third section in hiding. Waah ington advicta Indicate the aeoond class numbers nearly three thouaand. < OocmIomI raptures .In tenamanta and lodging houaes. laat night and today continued of foreign born for (Continued on Page 2, Column 1) MILLION DOLLAR FIRE RAGING IN DANVILLE DANYILLE, Va, Jan. 4.?Dy namite waa uaed here this morn ing In cheek a Are which broke MH lain laat nifht in the Ma ?ante building, in tha hoaineaa aectton, canning damage esti mated At near tl.OM.MO Firemen worked all night to I holt the flames. Near-set* weather canoed them intense II. S. MS REPORT ON MEDMIES Mexico Wj|l Be Asked Why Sailors Are Held Indefinitely Without Trial. MEXICO, Jan. i-Pmidwt Cirrun has IiiiN two decrees iffertiif the oil tadastry hi ?exJco. The first liertaan the tax oa ?II export* 10 per eeat on the pet vnlue per ton, while the secoad exempts jrasolene and other petroleam by-prodaets from im port datie?. Exasperated by the conflicting dec larations of action by the Moxican authorlte* at Maxatlan who hava held two American aallora for over two months on alight police court chargea the State Deportment yesterday tele graphed to itM consul at Masatlan to report why the sailors have not been released. The sailors. Itemed and Martin, overstayed their leave by one day at Masatlan and their ship, the Poco moke, sailed without them. As roon as the I'ocomoke reached San Diego the master of the ship made a report to the Navy Department where it re posed for nearly six weelts when con stant reports from Masatlan stated that the sailors were being harshly treated, starved and tilhoueed. The report then went to the State Depart I ment and messages were sent to the Mexican office and to the America* consul at Masatlan insisting on the release of the men or At least an Ira mediate and fair trial. The State Department has been promised the release of the men. both frem Mexico City and Masatlan, but it was stated that they are still la Jail and therefore the State Depart ment became Interested again. The State Department offlolals re port no piogrese In the Jame Wallace or W. O. Jenkins case. There Is an unofficial report to the effect that far from answering tha United States on Its pleas to Carransa that the oil ex ports duties are excessive Carransa has raised the export duty end still holds that he has the right to super viaa and taa ?v?n property rights in Mexleo which became vested In the owners long before the Carransa regime it ca* nr nova IMi at ruthts III ee n**4 artMOe cutting easts o? llviag. la Jeaaasv Papu lar gelsar* Msathtg All es>*e stasias LEAGUE TO AID Financier Sayt American Dollar Will Be Par Batit of Bonds. INTEREST OF 4 PER CENT Free From Taxation In All Coun tries and Redeemable In 42 Years. NEW YORK, Jan. 4.?TV. total amount of the proposed ii. ixuiunol bond issue for the rehab Mtati -n ?;? Europe is $35,000,000,000, it * jr stated last night by ? G?org? Paish, the eminent British financier and economist, who has come to the United States as spokesman for the project. An interview was granted just before he left here for Wash ington. The issue would be floated under the authority of the League of Na tions and be guaranteed collectively by the nations joined in the league. The American dollar would be the par basis of ?he bonds, which would bear interest at 4 per cent, be free from taxation in all countries, and be redeemable in forty-two years. Befand ea War Debta. Of the total. $15.000.000,oe<) wouM be 4?r?ttd to the refunding of exist ing war <?Mi, the United States to take ,000,000,000 and whatever ad ditional amount might be apportion ed to her by arrangement betweee tha nations. Great Britain, Sir George said, would be willing to take 93,000,000,000 immediately?the ap proximate amount of her debt to the United States. Sir George also expressed the be lief that one of the first results ef the flotation of this great loan would be the advance of sterling exchange to $i!0. It waa he, by tho Way, who first predicted that sterling would drop to $4 or lower. lie Is convinced that the bonds Issued with the back ing of the league would be consider ed gilt edge security and would in crease rather than decrease in valee. In fact, he thinks they would coaaa to be regarded as preferable to golA as a medium of exchange. In setttaff forth the arguments In favor of the plan, Sir George said: "Let me put It this way. Ton waat to sell your food and raw material. Others nations want to sell theirs. Can ada, Argentina. Australia, China, Ja pan?they all want to sell. Europe la not yet In a position to supply them with goods. And If Europe doesn't bay tbelr goods, whet ere those nations going to do with them? Some nations need to buy goods, some need to sell. What can be given In payment? Securities weeM have to be arranged in all these coun tries. Calls ri?Hi? Difficult. "The problem Is a very dlfflctjlt one, but this Is my own solution?that this problem Is the npecln.1 funetftta of the League of Nations. The detp of the League of Nations Is to take care of world interests against indi vidual Interests. This Is a world problem, and It will be for tho League of Nations to And the solution. Were there to be a breakdown of Inter national credit, every country wofld suffer, those who have goods to dsH and those who wish to buy them. It la essential to prevent a breakdown of credit In the Interest of every body. and the League of Nations can prevent that breakdown." "How?" ha was asked. "By podllng nrrdlts, by srsrnglng te supply the thing* the produrtlng roast trlas need, and to pay for those thing* to the countrlea that sell them in se (Coatinued on rage 2. Column B.) KAISER STILL HO] TO RETURN Td GERMANY AMSTERDAM. Jan 4.?'1' living In hopes of relenting 1 Germany," the fornirr Kaiser^ quoted mm aaying in an inter* with the correspondent of Berliner Tagrblatt at Ai The former ruler of Germs looks old, bat still bears him sel| like a shldler. the writes, aad keHe?ea that he the victim mi | the vie I tatto.