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Proved HernuYbdnd Was aNejro S!S?aa??afe???>?s?Xf&??^^ tmw* *?JP ,,^**"^ ??*=^ (A) On the Left, a white Man's Skull; on the Right, a Negro's. The Facial Angle (BAD) of the Former Is Nearly a Right Angle, While in the Latter It la Much More Acute. How the Nostrils Differ. (Al ???H.lril. ttairh Are I >?l<aal 4>f ? ?..- Whit? Harr. IBI ?4 a?. I rila V. hl. k At* I ?aalral ?( th?' *4??*?ll?? Karr. ? I Na??trU? I ?aalraU vt >a-er? R?.r ?^X'ivi ?. u ? l Microscopic Striction of White Men's Skin, Showing Straight Course of Hia Hair and the Anglo at Which It Emergea. Crosa Sections of Hair ti.?a.r. Whll? Man'?, Ovali la Ik? Centre. *l*4aat ?>f I H?t.r, ll?>uaa?J, II. lu ? . a >rar?'a. a rut lalllpaar. Grasatly Enlarged Microscopic View of Negro's Skin. Note Curved Course of Hair, Which Is What Make? It So "Kinky.'' Distressing Predicament of a Wealthy Young Widow Who Was Deceived by a Fine Looking "Spanish" Gentleman _ ._ There waa an Old Man of Jamaica, Who suddenly married a Quaker; But she cried out, "Oh, Alack; I have married a black!" Which distreaaed that Old Man of Jamaica. EVERYBODY who has read Edward Lear's book of Nonsense Hhymes remembers the limerick printed above?but nobody supposed that any stich thing could ever happen in real life. And yet it !..is actually happened and a Su preme Court Judge sitting in White Plains ?a suburb of New York City?the other day anuil.'il the marriage of Mrs. Theodore B. Neale because she had unwittingly mar rie 1 a black. And it was not an easy thing for Mrs. Neale to prove. Finally a commission was sent to ?Massachusetts to examine birth snd marriage records, and a professor of ethnology of Harvard University was called in to say whether negro blood flowed In the veins of the Neale family. A very similar case hu<l occurred five or six years ago in Detroit, when a well cnowu druggist. Arthur C. Little, became convinced that his wife was a negrees. But in spite of every effort Little was unable to prove his suspicions?he found that it was an extremely difficult thing to estab lish.' But now as to Mrs. Theodore B. Neale, who was the charming young widow of the ihe late S. H. Purdy. The young widow was well-to-do and accomplished, and after her bereavement four years ago* gave up her bungalow in fashionable South Beach, Conn., to move to New York, where she had a wide circle of kind ami agreeaole friends. She and her husband had been compan ions from childhood. They bad lived next door to each other practically all their lives until they were married, and his death in 1912 was a shock that made her forsake the activity of the city for four years on the quiet shores of Long Island Sound. When she returned to Manhattan she re sumed the social intercourse with inti mates of former days when her husband was alive. Through her friends she met many people she had never known before, and among the most interesting of those introduced to her was a broad, dark-haired man whose compelling height of six feet, together with his dark Latin-race com plexion, gave him a distinguished appear ance. He compelled her admiration and at tracted her ^immensely. His name was Theodore B. Neale and he had been a friend of long standing among certain of her most dependable and congenial com panions. The attraction of the couple for each other was mutual and after a court ship of six months they were married on March 31. 1?17. Everybody was delighted. He was a fine physical specimen and apparently a fit mate for any woman. She was pretty, wealthy and equipped generously with all the attributes of a cultured women. Not even the bride and groom could h.?ve been tapoter over the match than the man's father and mother-^Mr. and Mrs. Theodore ?. Neale?with whom the pon lived and wbi>m the new daughter-in-law had met on ?n 'tous occasions. G ?'ore they were married the fiance had ? ?? -irk??<l to Mrs. Purdy that he had In ili-?n blood In his veins; that being part veri skin accounted for his olive tinted oiiiMexion. Mrs. Purdy Instead of being -???-'od at this information was rather ??rnud of the fact, ?Ince some of our proud " j| ?ind most honored Virginia families boss' of their strain which goes hack to th ? mating of John Rolfe and the Indian princesas. Pocohontas. Mother and Father In law Neale often casually referred to (h"ir Spanish and French ancestry snd th? senior Mrs. Nesle often by way of subfetan tlatlon delivered heraelf nf a few ootn m< rlv used plirsaes In the original French. The bride and groom took an apartment and settled down to a smooth and blissful routine. Interchange of visits between the Junior Neales and the senior were frequent and always agreeable. The father, Theo dore ?., was a member of the Masons and the mother a highly respected member et the sister organisation, the Order of the Kastern Star. It wae just two years after the ?veddtng. April 14. 1919, that Mother-in-law Neale paid an In formal luncheon call to her daughter-in-law. The eenlor Mrs. Neale always wore what hair dressers style transformation braids. There was nothing un usual about ihis to strike the younger Mrs. Neale, for their use is a common practise In dressing the hair. But on this day there was something very unusual dis covered in the senior Mrs. Neale's coiffure. In some manner the braids bad become disarranged, and about the ear and back of the neck the bride saw peeping out'a patchiof black kinky hair characteristic of the negro. She was horrified and the shock almost prostrated her. However, she was able to main tain her poise in spite of the sig nificance of the revelation. As the suspicion dawned on ner that for two years she had been living as the wife of a man with negro blood in his veins, her sin gle thought was to leave the place and get out in the open to reflect. This she did as soon as her mother-in-law departed. Her suspicions once aroused, Mrs. Neale examined her hus band's "Spanish" features min utely and was convinced that Afri can blood flowed in his veins. She did not hesitate long as to what course to pursue. She went immediately to a lawyer who had been a friend of the family for some years?Burton C. Meighan, of No. 120 Broadway. He advised immediate separation, that very day, while an investigation could be conducted. Mrs. Neale never returned to the apartment. Mrs. Neale had heard her hus band speak of a brother in Cam bridge, Mass., although she had never met him, and also had heard that the family had moved from Cambridge to New York. Investigations were made and tes timony taken in Massachusetts. John H. Cleary, Assistent Su perintendent of Mails of the Bos ton Post Office, testified that he knew very well a brother of Mrs. Neale's husband, whose name was Arthur C. Neale. Mr. Cleary gave this description of brother Arthur: "He is well built, about six feet in height and has all the facial characteristics of a negro. His color is yellow without ruddi ness. His eyes are black, red spots on white; his nose is flat, his lips are thick and his hair Is Inclined to be s little bit kinky. Arthur C. Neale has always been regarded by me and others in my office as a colored man." Arthur C. Neale himself was then called to the witness stand. He Is a brother of Mrs. Neale's husband in Yonkers and he testified as follows: "I was born at Cambridge, Mass., May 19, 1878. and I am the full brother ot Theo dore B. Neale anil am the son of Theodon? A. Neale and Georgiana C. Neale; m ? father and mother and brother live at No. 121 Sherman avenue, New York City, New York. I was married to my present wife, Charlotte Zulu, on tho sixth day of Octo ber, 1903, st All Saints' Roman Catholic Church In the Borough of Manhattan. City of New York, by Thomas J. Klenan. Assist ant Rector of said church. Mr wife and I have had four children, who are all living at the present time "I do not know whether or not I am a white man or a colored man either. I was always led to believe that I was of Cuban descent, and I always believed It. At the time of our marriage, when the priest asked us the color. I heard my wife aay as to both we were mulatto, and I did not say anything. The youngeat three of my said children are here with us. My father*? mother was the sister of Mrs. IaOiila Smith, of No. 6 Howard street, Cambridge, Maaa.. 1 believe. Rhe Is a widow and her maiden name was Fannie Smith. It Is my suppo sition that my wife haa negro blood.' I am not a negro.'' Professor Earnest Albert Hooton, In Mrs. Alma Little, of Detroit. Whose Husband Accused Her of Being a Negress, But Waa Unable to Prove It. structor In Anthropology and stomatology In the Peabody Museum of Harvard University, testified thus: "By somatology I mean the science that concerns Itself with the physical characteristics of human types. It might he other wise expressed as 'Physical An thropology.' Foe ten years last past I have made a specialty of the study of the different types of the human race. I have par ticularly specialised In the phys ical and anatomical characteris tics of human types especially with respect to recial distinc tion. "In thia connection I have par ticularly studied the physical and anatomical and physiologl cal traits of negroid type?; In other words, I am familiar with the human traits of' the kind mentioned Indicating the ex istence of an admixture of negro blood. One of my provinces at Harvard Is a course of lectures on race mixture. "I have been present this morning at the same time and In the same room with Arthur C. Neale. his wife and three,chil dren. I saw and heard them testify (the husband and wife) and I talked with the children. I msde a careful physical ob servation of the family. "From this observation snd without re gard to any genealogical date I formed the following opinion concerning the family Both the husband and wife, in my opinion. have a decided and unmistakable admli ture ot negro blood My opinion a? to the husband and wife derived from obaervlag their physical rhararlerlstliH w?? atr*?ngth ened by my Observation of the physical characteristics of their children. "The anatomical elements upon which I based these conclusions are ss follows: IO If*?, lalsravstloaal rsetur. S?r?l???, lar. Ir?. prr..l..a .. f ? W I | t ? Pera??'? ? -??i. Idearla* Ihr IIiKh lrrk,-l iB. ?'?-? Which la < 4? a raa?? la? ri? III- of th?- White Rar??. Mra. Theodore B. Neale, Whoae Marriage Was Re cent I y Annulled Because Her Husband Turned Out to Be of Negro Parentage. F*irst, as to Arthur C. Neale, his com plexion Is negroid-yellow brown. His hair Is black and wavr snd at the fore part of the temples I observed a distinctive ne groid wave. His beard is spsrse; hi? fore head Is slightly protuberant, his nose Is strslght with a slightly depressed tip, spreading alae (wings of the nose), nos trils negroid, entire nose rather broad. "The Integumental lips are thick (by In legumental I mean the portions above and below the true lip? or membranous lips); this Inteawmental thickening In do?? ?? ?? pronounced ileveirapment of llir inn?., I.? that auirrsund? Ihe mouth knoan a?, lh.? orbicular!? or?* m?sete? The chin Is of mrxllnm development The Irla of the eye Is dark brown and pigment Is present in the sclerotic (or white of the ere). The heel of the foot Is slightly more promi nent than in white?. ????a. rtrll.ln Hlfhl. R..ar?.rl Her Suspicions \ _ Once Aroused, QTiffft^ Mrs. Neale ^??-' Examined Her v Huaband ? "Spanish" Features Minutely and Waa Convinced That African Blood Flowed in His Veins. Im|.??l..a of lb. I . ?tf a Na-ar.. ? im .....? llaaslaa thr l.r.Minil II..?,? If al ? ?. . ? I-..I..I "Mrs. Arthur C. Neale exhibits all of the char acteristics that I have described with respect to her husband, but the following characteris tics exist in addition: Her face, while lighter in hue. is of a more characteristically ? e - groid shape, her nose is flatter and more typi cal ; her lips are thicker ani show the typical white line ?livid ing the mem branous and in tegumental lips, her hair is more ? ron o u n?*?vlly wavy and her eyes have a greater amount of pigment, both In the Iris and thesclerotlecoat. ?Tho children show clear evi dence of an ad mixture of negro blood. This Is most pronounced In the largest boy. who in ad dition to the cha racteristics described In the case of the par ente, ?hows h more pronounced negroid nose and a slight alveolar prognathJsm (protrusion of the law). "None of the Neale family that 1 have seen here to-day are fulljblooded' negroea, but I would say that as to Arthur C. N'eale, the admixture of negro blood would be about one-fourth, and I would say as to the wife that there was at least as much as that. An octoroon would ordi narily not show as typical negroid charac teristics as either Mr. or Mrs. Neale." Thomas J. Oonrick. Assistant City Clerk of the City of Cambridge, Mass., swore to the following: "The annexed certificate marked ?* of the record of marriage of Theodore A. Neale and Georgiana C. Howard (father and mother of the accused mani Is a true copy ot* the records of the city of Cam bridge, and the letter M under designa tlon 'color* means that the persons named were mulattoes. That further, the at tached certificate marked 'B' Is a true copy of the records of the clerk of the city of Cambridge of 'the intention of mar riage' filed by Theodore A. Neale and Georgiana C. Howard, and that the letter 'M' under designation of color means that the parties were mulattoes. That further, the certificate of birth of Arthur Chapman Neale (brother of thte accused man) is a true copy of the records of the city clerk's office at Cambridge, and that the letter'B' under designation of color means 'black.' " And all this testimony, taken in Massa chusetts, was laid before the New York court. Justice Moschauser promptly is sued an order annulling the marriage, and the widow takes the name of her dead husband, Purdy. The decision is believed to be unique in the courts of the United States. Legal experts say that this caso Is the only one that is known where a marriage has taken place between a white woman and a man of negro extraction and the knowledge of the taint deliberately concealed. A curious phase of this unique case is the attitude of Mrs. Neale?now the Widow Purdy again. It would be natural to sup pose that having had such a deception practised upon her she would feel some vindictlveness against -the man and the family who brought this chapter Into her life. On the contrary, she has already forgiven the man In spite of the anguish that the discovery has brought her. After Ihe trial she mede the ?following statement. "I have already forgiven the sin of Theo dore Neale and that of his mother and father. I believe In the brotherhood of man: to live and let live, and I hope for their happiness In the remaining years of their life. If I could spare any of tin m sorrow I would be willing to do almost anything to help except continuing to live wllh him. I wish him well and every success. "Two wrongs never made a right, and while It would seem hard to forgive such nn Injustice I have risen above the feeling of resentment and can truthfully say that I have forgiven them. , "It has been a hard struggle I will ad mit. I wonder some times how I have been ?hie to keep up under the shock of the discovery and the whole affair. But somehow I have, and the spirit of my for giveness Is such that I would never have had the case made public If I could have helped it. I do feel, though, that It la my duty to do all that I can to prevent the same thing from occurring again."