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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, January 26, 1920, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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Emerson's Quotations.
Better Than Emerson.
Wagon and Star.
Jack Horner Reading.
(Copyright. 1*1* >
Read some writers for what they
?*y, others to pick I 'Mr
books well chosen quotation* a?
Uttle Jatk Horner picked plums
from his Christmas pie.
The statement would enrage Mar
SJ?ret Fuller, nevertheless Ralph
Waldo Emerson is one whose writ
ings are more valuable for quo
tations than for original thought.
Like many others, Emerson is
not strong enough to go through
time's furnace. But he read earn
estly for you. Go through his es
says in Jack Horner fashion, pick
ing out the quotation plums.
Emerson, born in Boston, 117
years ago, was a clergyman, as
were his ancestors; he graduated
from Harvard and the Divinity
School of Harvard, preached from
a Unitarian pulpit In 1882 he
resigned, after a quarrel about
the lvord's Supper.
That a Unitarian should quarrel
about the Lord's Supper, while
denying the deity of Christ, is
ueer. Emerson did quarrel and
evoted the rest of his life to lec
tures and writing. He greatly
admired Carlyle, a real genius.
Carlyle tired of him; so will you,
but read him.
His best five words advising
young men to follow their highest
intellectual ambition were:
"Hitch your wagon to a star."
It is good advice for intellectual
wagon that has wheels with ball
bearings and a strong chassis.
Emerson was a valuable opti
mist, had a high opinion of the
human being, did not believe that
we are poor miserable worms put
on this earth to spend short lives
dodging eternal damnation that is
waiting to get us later on. His
opinion of himself is thus:
"I am owner of the sphere, of
the seven stars and the solar year,
of Caesar's hand, and Plato's
brain, of Lord Christ's heart, and
Shakespeare's strain." /
There is a lesson for some em
ployers who say men are willing
to take salaries now, but won't
work, in a short story quoted by
Emerson in his essay "Heroism.
"After the army had crossed the
River Teleboas, in Armenia, there
fell much snow, and the troops lay
miserably on the ground covered
with it. But Xenophon rose naked
and, taking an ax, began to split
wood; whereupon others rose and
did the like."
Had Xenophon stayed in bed,
the wood would not have been
split. Let employers set the ex
Martin Luther threw his ink
stand at the Devil, actually be
lieved he missed him by half an
inch, and he had long argument
with Satan. Men once were credu
Luther's life is one with which
every reader should be familiar.
Emerson puts this interesting quo
tation in his essay on "History:"
"Doctor," said his wife to'Mar
tin Luther one day, "how is it that
whilst subject to papacy, we pray
i>d so often and with such fervor,
whilst now we pray with the ut
most coldness and very seldom?"
The essay on "Self-reliance" be
gins with six lines from Beaumont
and Fletcher that can be cut down
to two:
' Our acts our angels are, or good
or ill.
Our fatrl shadows that walk by us
Every man knows that he is
made up of things done in the
past, and these "things" include
(specially "thought," the real "fa
tal shadows that walk by us still."
In the essays this quotation
from Zoroaster: "To the persever
ing mortal the blessed immortals
are swift." You may seem to be
going slowly, but if you are a
persevering mortal," you have
working for you some of the
blessed immortals, including your
own perseverance and determina
tion, which are immortal.
Read about Zoroaster, another
of the world's great men with
whom you should be acquainted in
order to understand the life and
thought of today. He was a great
tcacher, but his followers dwindled
down, as followers usually do, and
became mere Ignorant flre worship
ers. Many followers of a higher
teacher have dwindled into mere
money worshipers, and own some
of the most respectable "religious"
edifices today.
In his essay on "Spiritual Laws"
you find this quotation from one
of the five greatest geniuses,
Michael Angelo: *
"Do not trouble yourself too
much about the light on your
statue," said Michael Angelo, to the
young sculptor; "the light of the
public square will test Its value."
The young man who does not
understand how that quotation
applies to him, to his foolish In
terest in his own appearance and
what others think of him, does not
nnderstanl much.
In the "Spiritual Laws" essay
this line from Byron: "He knew not
what to say, and so swore," is ap
plied by Emerson as follows:
"1 may say it of our preposter
ous use of books. He kne* not
what to do, and so he read."
A man reading to pass time is
as foolish as a man eating to pass
time?many do that
Think m you rend. Road to
give your mind exercise. There are
{Continued on Pag* 3, Column 4 )
?t?^a*htnafott Wtmes
Martens, Lenin's Envoy to U. 5., Refuses to Reveal Secret Code to House Committee
Martens Tells Senators Russia
Can Survive Without Help
From Other Nations.
Denies, However, That He Has
Engaged in Propaganda
In America.
Lenin abandoned his idea of world
revolution, Ludwig C. A. K. Marten*,
Soviet representative in the United
States told the Senate Foreign Re
lations subcommittee today.
The success of the Soviet govern
ment, Martens asserted, has demon
strated that it can. survive in the
midst of the present systems.
Russia Can Exist Aloae.
"There ?m a time when the Rus
sian social lata believed that revolu
tion in all other countries was nec
essary," Martens said.
That idea la disappearing now be
cause Russia has demonstrated that
It can exist against the rest of the
world. Russia is now trong enough
to defy the other governments. That
is th reason Lenlne wrote the Italian
socialists advising against revolution.
He believes this la a period of recon
Martens objected to making public
his instructions from th*.X?ain gov
ernment as to his conduct In this
country when Senators of the commit
tee investigating Russian propagan
da asked him to reveal them. How
ever, Martens denied that he had en
gaged in any soviet propaganda In
this country.
The soviet bureau In the United
States Is being supported entirely by
funds from the L'nln government In
Russia, Martens < dared.
Martens assert' 1 he was Instructed
that no funds sh< id be used for "in
terference In th' internal affairs of
the United Statei
Senators denuiu i?d a specific state
ment supporting his assertions re
garding instructions received from
his government.
"There is a question as to how
much of the confidential instructions
may with propriety be revealed," said
former Senator Hardwlck, who Is act
ing ax counsel for Martens.
"Many of the Instructions were
contained in code," Martens said.
Keep Cede See ret.
"We want to disclose to this com
mittee every Instruction of any
kind," said Hardwlck, "but we don't
think the committee would want us
to reveal a secret code."
"Together with my credentials as
representative In tie United States of
the republic of Russia, I received from
the minister of foreign affairs of the
republic instructions to work for th?
establishment of trade relations be
tween the United States and Russia,"
Martens said. "My government speci
fically Instructed me that the fund*
at my disposal should not be uitod
for any purposes Involving Interfer
ence in the internal affairs In the
United States. In my reply acknowl
edging the receipt of my credentials
I gave my Government a brief out
line of the establishment of my bu
reau and of the nature of its work,
stating my Intention to maintain a
(Continued on Page 2, Column 6.)
Keeping Up With
The Tim&s
On the subject of advertis
ing copy?which is a hobby
with The Times?Robert Rux
ton, editor of "Knowledge,"
makes these very pointed ob
Before a man can adver
tise he must buy white
This accomplished, he
then prints words in It.
These words In advertis
ing parlance are termed
There are two kinds of
Good copy and bad copy.
The advertiser pays the
newspaper for the amount
of apace he usea.
What he pays represents
the value of the spare to
the newspaper publisher.
It does not represent the
value of the space to the
The value of the space to
the advertiser Is determined
by the kind of "copy" he
puts Into it.
There la an easy way to
tell good copy from bad
copy. Good copy la copy
that la good enough to aell
goods, day by day. at a
profit over Its cost.
"Efficiency methods Introduced
by the railroad admlnlsratlon In
the operation of tralna resulted In
a material decrease In accident*
during tbe first ten month* of
1019, aa compared with the aame
period in 1918." "aid Director
General Hlne* today.
"For the flrat tin month* of
1019, the number of employe*
kiled waa decreased by 1.107, a*
compared with the aame period In
1018, and 26930 less employe* were
injured than during the same
period In 1018.
"The?e figures give evidence of^
what can be accomplished by
team work In the application of
safety practice*, as in other
thins*," the director general *ald.
Widow of Former Vlfe President
Announced She Opposes Equal
TRBNTON, N. J.. Jan, 2?.?Mrs. Gar
rett A. Hobart, widoaMftf former Vice
President Ho?art, dednRed In a state
ment today ?he will not contribute
to Hepubllcan party fund* *o long as
it advocates woman suffrage.
"As a woman. I am opposed to the
enfranchising of women," she said.
Mrs. Hobart said that woman suf
frage would *oclallse institutions,
demoralise the electorate, and "In
volve the modesty of womanhood" In
Madame Angelica Ballaranoff To
Be Diplomatic Representative
In Italy.
I.ONDON, Jan. 26.?The Russian so
vlet government has announced that
Madame Angelica Ballaranoff will be
appointed Russian diplomatic repre
sentative at Rome, according to a
news agency dispatch from Rome to
Bold Theft From Museum May Re
suit in Nation Going Hungry
for a While.
LONDON, Jan. 2?.?A bold theft of
$4,000,000 worth of art objects from
the government musenm In Vienna
was reported In an Exchange Tele
graph dispatch from Vienna today.
(A recent movement was Initiated
In Austria to pledge castles and art
works for money and food supplies.)
Detroit House Owner fumed Off
Heat and Infant Got
Pneumonia. *?
DETROIT, Jan. 2?.?George Munro,
Detroit landlord, will face a charge
of manslaughter If baby Broadbeck.
suffering with double pneumonia,
dies. Prosecutor A. P. Cox declared.
Munro, according to the baby's
father, turned off the heat in the
Broadbeck apartment because the
family would not pay the rent In ad
vance. The baby contracted pneu
Lumber Companj Winn Snit Brought
By U. S. Against Officials for
Alleged Fraud.
The Government In the Supreme
Court today lost It* suit against the
Hllverthorne Lumber Company, North
Tonowanda, N. Y., which grew out of
an Indictment against official* for
attempting to dsfraud the railroad
Frederick W. Hllverthorne a* presi
dent and Asa K. Hllverthorne his
father, and general manager, were
Indicted for delivering to the Le
high Valley Railroad at Buffalo, while
It waa under Federal control, a iea*
number of grain door* than they
attempted to obtain compensation for.
Thl* action was taken by the grand
Jury after United Htates marshal*
raided the offices of the company and
salzed Its records.
Withdrawal May Be Delayed J>y
Capture of Americans by
Expect Early Release of Engi
neers and Red Cross
Withdrawal of American troops
from Siberia may be delayed by the
reported capture of a party of
American engineers and Red Cross
workers by the Bolsheviks.
The War Department was today
seeking complete information of the
reported capture of Major W. M.
Blunt, a Miss Ford, And Captain!
Charette and American engineers
near Kliuchinskaya.
United States Net Alarmed.
Officials dclared that they had no |
fear* that the release of the persons
captured could be effected, but It whi
understood that American troops
would not leave the region until they
could bring out the captured person*
with them.
General Graven, in command of the
Siberian forces. Is expected to make
immediate negotiations with the J4ol
shevlks for the releaae of the Ameri
Keports which had arrived here to
day were fragmentary and not com
The War Department will take no
official action until complete official
reports have been received, but It
was stated that It was believed Gar
eral Graves has already taken steps
for the release of the captives.
The American Red Cross was with
out Information today as to the re
ported capture of Red Cross worker*.
The Red Cross announced thfet C?pt.
lSdward Hercules Charatte, who Is
reported captured, is from Stockton,
Rachmaninoff, Noted Russian, to Be
Inspired by Mr. Busch's
Home Stock.
ST. LOUI8. Mo.. Jan. 2??When art
and alcohol join hands the promotion
of art Is likely to be. a dangerous
thing In these dry times, but If
Sergei Rachmaninoff, the distin
guished Russian composer-pianist. Is
still thirsty when he returns to St.
Louis for his concert engagement
February 11-14, the beer which hla
temperament requires will be forth
coming and music need not pine for
lack of moisture.
During his recent visit, the pianist
'Til play anything you want; any
where you like, but on one condition:
I must have a doxen bottles of genu
ine beer."
The hunt for beer went on unsuc
cessfully for weeks, coming ulti
mately to August A. Busch, the
"Tou can say for me that If It Isn't
a penitentiary offense, I'll be glad to
accommodate Mr. Rachmaninoff," said
Busch. "I'll do anything for the up
lift of art that won't get me Into
trouble with the Federal authorities.
"Be sure and tell Mr. Rachmaninoff
not to go to the brewery, however.
Have him come to Grant Farm, my
home. A brewery is the last place In
the world to look for beer In these
President Wilson today selected his
appointee to the post of Secretary of
the Treasury. The name will go to
the Senate for confirmation late to
day or tomorrow, It was learned at
the White House.
PARIS, Jan. 26.?An International
labor conference opened here today
wlthont representatives from the
United States. A delegatlpn from
Germany attended.
M. Thomas, of the French represen
tatives, said he hoped the United
States would collaborate even If In
formally, pending the ratification of
the peace treaty at WaaJ)lngton.
M New Ttitnc* far Antmnnhllee
Th?y ere described and Illustrated In
February Popular Science Monthly. All
mm nirti 1 in.
Dr. Van Schaick Before Senate Investigators
President Wilson'* choice for District Commissioner photographed today when he appeared a* a
witness in his own behalf before the subcommittee of the Senate District Committee which is investi{rating
charges that he is disqualified to serve. Right to left: Senators King, Utah; Sherman, UL; Dial, S. C.;
Sheppard, Tex., and Capper, Kan., and Dr. Van Schaick.
Disabled Transport Expected to
Reach Halifax by Noon
HALIFAX, Nova Scotia, Jan. 29.?
The army transport Powhatan, which
baa been battered about In midwinter
storms since January 18, la now in
tow of the American army (UK Re
lief and revenue cutter Acushnet.
making her way slowly to this port,
radio dispatches received here today
The I^dy Laurier failed in her sec
ond attempt to tow the disabled
transport when another hawser broke
this morning-.
The Powhatan Is expected here to
morrow noon,
Supreme Court Postpones Arguments
On Motion To Dismiss Rhode
Island Bill.
The Government, In the Supreme
Court, today moved to dismiss Rhode
Island's bill attacking the validity of
constitutional prohibition.
Argument on this motion is expect
ed to determine whether constitu
tional prohibition will stand.
Solicitor General King stated the
motion could not be argued until
March, b oca use Rhode Island attor
neys are not yet ready. A reoesa of
the court during February will delay
it until that time, so that a decision
cannot be cxpected before April.
The court agreed to advance the
appeals from Ohio courts, which will
determine whether States by referen
dum can override the action of 8tate
legislatures In ratifying the consti
tutional prohibition amendment.
The Government In Its motion to
dismiss the Rhode Island complaint
claimed that It presents no Justiciable
matter nor shows sufficient legal
ground for the court to take Juris
diction of the case.
"The facts stated in said bill of
complaint do not set up any cause
of action," the motion says, "and
there Is no equity In said bill."
The argument of prohibition cases
was assigned for Monday March first.
Clad in Sleeping Garments They
Watch FUmes Destroy $250,000
DETROIT, Mich., Jan. 26.?Fire to
day totally destroyed the Hotel Hoff
man. on Woodward avenue, with a
loas of $250,000.
More than 100 guests, msny of
them clsd only In their sleeping gsr
ments, were driven qut Into aero
temperature, and at least ten persons
cut off by the (lames were carried
down ladders to the street from the
third and fourth story windows.
No Injured persons hsd been r?
ported up to 9 o'clock, snd the fire
was under control.
WICHITA, Kan., Jan. 20?Fred
Dahm's well Is his forecaster. In
fair weather the well whistles as air
rushes Inward. Before a storm the
air rushes out ,1
Nominee for District Commis
sioner Answers Opponents
At Senate Hearing.
The Re*. Dr. John Van Schaick. Jr.,
faced hi* accusers In open tension of
the Senate District Committee today
and denied flatly the charge that
hi? voting record In the State of New
Tork disqualified him for appointment
as Commissioner of the District of
His confirmation as District Com
missioner is at stake before the Dis
trict Committee.
Hearing* Are Claaed.
Fo.lowing Dr. Van Schaick's ad
dress this morning. Senator Sherman,
chairman of the committee, announc
ed the hearings closed.
Dr. Van Schalck denied that he had
voted In Coblesklll, N. Y., during the
last three yeara, which would have
disqualified him under the organic act
of 1878,? governing the appointment
of District Commissioners.
He denied just as emphatically that
it had been his intention to vote since
1016, when h# admitted freely that
he had cast his last ballot in that
In the next breath. Dr. Van Schaick
told the committee that he had re
fused to vote in the August primary
of 1910. when a new legislature was
to be elected in New York, although
requested to do so.
Dr. Van Schaick eagerly laid bare
his entire voting record before the
It was not done, however, until
after Col. C. C. Lancaster, of the
Brlghtwood Citlaens' Association, had
submitted documentary proof show
ing that Dr. Van Schaick still is a
qualified voter In New York State for
that matter. This proof was fur
nished in photographic copies of Dr.
Van Schaick registry as a voter ?*?,
Coblesklll in 1017. 1018 and 1010.
Additional IToaf.
Additional proofs were furnished
showing his voting record since 1011
up to 1016.
At the end of Dr. Van Schaick's tes
timony he was asked the following
questions by William Clayton:
"You admit then that you voted In
"I do," replied Dr. Van Schaick.
"You deny you voted In 10177"
"I do," again was the reply.
"After my appointment to the
school board," explained Dr. Van
Schaick, "my attention was called by
Charles F. Nesblt to the Incongruity
of my vote In New York while holding
a position under the District govern
ment. I told him I would not vote
again. It has never bern my Inten
tion to vote since 1016, and 1 showed
that this was my Intention by re
fusing to vote last August, 1010."
Ke*< HI* Name Ob.
Dr. Van Schaick said he did not ap
ply to have his name taken olt the
registry list at Coblesklll, nor has ho
evor made that application.
"Apparently, I am qualified to vote
now," he admitted.
"The question is one of Intent. I
have told you what were my Inten
tions. The question of law I am will
ing to leave In the hands of the com
mittee," said Dr. Van Schaick.
One of the racords submitted by
Colonel Lancaster showed that Dr.
Van Schaick had voted In the fall of
Dr. Van Snhalck said he believed this
record was an error, as he was In Bel
(Contlnued on rage 2, Column 4.)
House Committee Decides Texas
Congressman's Charges Are
Demand by Congressman T. L.
Blanton of Texas, that Edward Keat
ing, former Congressman, be removed
from the Commission on Reclassifi
cation of Salaries of Government Em
ployes, met with a chilly reception
today at the hands of the House Com
mittee on Reform In the Civil Serv
Mr. Blanton, who appeared before
the committee to urge a favorable
report on hla resolutions authorizing
the removal of Mr. Keating, aimed
his remarks principally at the Plumb
Plan League and its publication "La
bor." Mr. Keating is manager, with
out pay, of the so-called editorial
board of the publication.
Mere Fairy Tale.
In brief here is the indlctmen\ by
Mr. Blanton, which Mr. Keating told
the committee was "a mere fairy
Tt.at he attended a banquet given
by Government employes on the day
he assumed office as a member of the
salary commission: that he accepted
a gift from those employes bearing
the Inscription "true and tried friend
of Government employes."
That he had attended numerous re
ceptions tendered by people whose
salaries he had been named by Con
grass to readjust and that he had as
sured them they had no cause for
alarm, because the commission would
see to it that their salaries were
That he had held out hope even for
the "clock-watching, cigarette-smok
ing Government employee who don't
care anything about the kind of serv
ice they give the Government."
That Keating, while In the employ
of the Government, accepted employ
ment from the Plum Plan League, a
"Socialistic," Bolshevistic plan which
would taJ<e forcibly $20,000,000,000
worth of property."
Se?rea I'lumh Plan*
That the Plumb Plan League,
through high officials, was exploiting
millions of laboring men in the coun
That <10,000,000.000 had been col
lected from the laboring people to
be "misapplied and misused to the
dlsadvantageof those putting it up."
That ths Plum Plan League pub
lication. L^bor, had attacked membera
of the House and Senate and that In
reference to himself had asked, "la
Texas short on bughouses?"
That it Is time for Congress to an
swer the question: Shall one of our
own employes smear us every day
with slime and mudT"
Mr. Keating was told by Chairman
K R. Lehlbach that Mr. Blanton had
failed utterly to make out a prima
facie caaa against him; that he saw
no use In hearing from him.
Congressman FairAeld "we tried to
get matters of fact from Mr. Blanton,
but without success."
Mr. Keating said that Mr. Blan
(Contlnuad on Page 2, Column 8.)
Secretary of War Baker la III at
his home hare. He haa been con
fined to hla room since noon yester
Cot Roger Brook, of the office of
the surgeon general, who la caring for
Baker, believes the Secretary'* Ill
pep* is only a cold, which may be re
lieved after several days Indoors.
Declines to Consider Any Com
promise on Article X as
Hurriedly Summons Conferees
To Draft Reply to Sen
ator's Defi.
Senator Lodge, Republican leader,
today refused to resume bi-partisan
treaty conferences, except npon the
definite understanding that no change
whatever be made in the Lodge reser
vations on Article X and the Monroe
Doctrine. He delivered this virtual
ultimatum to the Democratic mem
bers at a brief meeting today
Democrats Confer.
Democratic conferees Immediately
went Into executive session to decide
on their answer. Senator Hitchcock,
in a statement issued after the Demo
cratic conference, announced that the
Democratic reply to Dodge will be de
livered at another meeting of the bi
partisan conferees tomorrow morning
Dodge's action is believed to have
made certain the breaking off of the
conferences, and to mark the failure'
of this effort at treaty compromise.
Hitchcock and other Democrat*
seemed agitated by today's develop
ment. In his formal statement,
Hitchcock said:
"When the conference assembled.
Senator Dodge advised the Senators
present that he had been called inte
a meeting by certain Republican Sen
ators and for that reason had not
been able to attend the last confer
ence Friday.
Forres Adjournment.
"He regretted to say that he foued
it impossible to resume the confer
ence for a compromise except upon
the understanding that no chanae
shall be made In the reservation on
article 10, or on the Monroe doctrine.
The Democratic members retired for
a private conference and will make
their reply to Senator Dodge Tuesday
morning at a meeting at lO^SO.
"The conference, up to the time its
meetings were interrupted, had ten
tatively agreed upon the preamble and
all sections of reservations except
that relating to article 10, the Monroe
Doctrine and one or two minor mat
ters, and an agreement was appar
ently almost consummated on Arti
cle 10 when adjournment suddenly
came, followed by the intervention ef
the irreconcilable Republicans."
New Request for Person of For
mer Kaiser Will Contain No
Threat, However.
I. N, 9. Staff Correspondent.
PARIS, Jan. 2?.?French legal e*
Oerts were today Instrutced by the
ambassadorial council to draw up a
rejoinder to the Dutch note refusing
to surrender the ex-Kaiser to the al
lies for trial before an international
This may be the allies' "last word"
to Holland on the matter. It was re
The rejoinder will not be sent to
The Hague Immediately. It is un
derstood that It Is to be submitted
to ths ambassadorial council for ap
proval, and may be resubmitted to
the British, French, and Italian pre
miers before It Is dispatched. An at
tempt will be made to have the note
go forward some time next week.
It is learned that the eommur"
tlon will not contain any thre?
Holland, but will merely argu?
questions that were raised b^
Dutch government.
The president of the i'uilsh
delegation appeared before tf
bassadors and urged them to U
mediate steps to aeeist the
against the threatened Bolshevl
The matter wa referred to Ml
Foch, who Is In charge of the
military precautionary m?
throughout Kurope.
Several minor Oerman
dealing wltfc modifications
peace treaty and the expenses
ous commissions were rejected
The gupreme Court today an>
ed It would reoess from
t, until

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