Saving Money in the Home
- Little Tricks For Women
in Household Economics
By ELIZABETH LATTIMEJL
EVBRYONB value* reliable la
formation on how to remove
ittlu. Hare are rules In |e?
vial and formulae In particular:
Some etalne may be removed by
brushing or rubbing while others
must be treated with special stain
^ removers. Absorbents are the sim
plest' and safest cleaning agents.
^Common ones are blotting paper,
talcum. French chalk, fuller's earth,
?starch, meals and sawdust. These
are used chiefly for grease stains,
blood and Ink stains and freshly
spilled liquids. Cover grease spots
with a powdered absorber, let stand
t several hours, then brush. Or lay
the material on white blotting or
unglazed pa^er and cover with
.powder or more paper and apply a
warm iron. Repeat, using fresh
'?powder or paper until the stain Is
removed. Cover <Jry blood or Ink
- stains with starch paste. When the
.-paste dries and discolors brush off
and repeat until th? stain dlsap
i.P'ars. Cover freshly spilled liquors
with powder, meal or bits of b!ot
King paper. This prevents the
(Jlquld from spreading and sinking
Into the material.
; Solvents dissolve grease, sugar
a and some other substances that
"hold stains in fabrics. The most
. common solvent Is water. Others
'are alcohol, benzine, carbon, te
trachloride, chloroform, ether, gas
oline, kerosene and turpentine.
%fctaak washable goods in cold water
and wash with cold or tepid water
'and white soap. Use hot water In
.jthe same way or by spreading thn
stained goods over a bowl and
'?pouring boiling water from a
.height, lie cautious in using hot
'water. It sets some stains such
jws blood, meat Juice, milk and egg.*
in using other solvents place the
'.stained goods over a pad of cloth,
using a glass rod or a stick with a
?Vounded end. Work from the edge
**f the stain toward the center.
Surrounding the spot with powder
.ikeeps the liquid from spreading
iind helps to prevent a ring form
ing. Change tthe pad as it becomes
?-oiled or wet.
Bleaching agents are to be used
fconly when simpler methods fall,
, and chiefly for white goods. When
'boiling water or sunshine with
gwater or frost will not remove
stains made by fruit, clear tea and
StcofTee, or ink, bleach with oxalic
acid, hydrogen peroxide, potassium
^permanganate or Javelle water,
jrl'iar.e the stain over a bowl of hot
"water and apply the bleaching
*?igent a drop at a time. When the
stain changes color dip into the
rwater. Repeat until the stain is
removed. Neutralize with ammonia
and rinse well. If the stain is ob
stinate, immerse it in oxalic acid or
Javelle water, diluted with an equal
?Sfjuantlty of hot water. Neutralize
By Dr. Wm. A. McKeever,
DURING the holiday rush, a
year ago, a flfteen-year-old
boy tried to apply at a big
establishment for work as a bundle
'wrapper, but was afraid to face the
foreman and returned home with an
excuse. The father took him back,
helped him present himself and
stayed to watch him begin.
During the season Just past that
boy was foreman In the wrapping
department, starting other timid
boys, earning an extra good wage
und showing an air of confidence.
He has worked faithfully at the
place evenings, Saturdays and dur
ing one summer vacation, is still at
It for a two-hour period at the close
of each school day, "and now con
tends that he expects to become a
Now, all the foregoing account
of a high school sophomore may
?eem very commonplace, but It is
? not.' As a matter of fact, the father
carefully saw the youth through
with a very critical moment on his
career and saved him from the fail
lire of which so many young men
In the majority of cases, self
confldence does not come easy for a
boy. Lack of experience in work,
in business and in dealing with
business men Is often the cause of
sulTlclent timidity to send him back
liome with a lame excuse, as this
boy Arch at first gave evidence.
Then, the fear of being teased or
laughed at by those already fa
miliar with the work?the embar
rassment of being awkward, or not
knowing how to take the next
step?this drives many a promising
? youth shivering back to his par
ents. Years ago, I waded painfully
through this ordeal myself, and
have since watched Its effects upon
many other boys.
So, fear of failure and of awk
ward blunder Is probably a very
positive deterrent of a successful
-.beginning in case of your own
' youthful son, my dear parent-read
Wherefore, I want to urge you to
'stay by him faithfully till he gets
started In ^ime kind of creditable
work or business. You positively
? cannot Judge as to his future suc
, cess by observing his slowness to
?'begin. The sensitive, conscientious
vyouth is more likely than not to be
scared out of his wits and to
.threaten to quit the Job before he
gets startsd. We may reasonably
assume that every youthful ordeal
^of the class which we help the boy
*to overcome will add positively to
)hls self-confidence and strength of
_wlll for the future.
Get your high school boy Into the
^employment game. It Is not fair to
jilm to permit him to fall to secure
fend hold some kind of part-time
industrial position while attending
"school. Today the country is des
perately short of producers. We
*"need more food, clothing, shelter
and other things necessary to sus
tain normal life. It should be an
'?"ndmlsalon of guilt of both ignoran
snce and selfishness If we permit
''our big, strong boys to grow up In
Idleness or In the knowledge of
nothing but books.
< So I reiterate, help your boy to
obtain work. Stay by him through
it dozen failures, if need be, till he
? wins. An old motto says that
' "Cleanliness la next to Godliness."
Forget It for the present, and sub
stitute this: Rome honest dirt on the
?hands of a youth, as evidence that
he Is "digging In" as a producer, la
a s~re step toward higher sslra
$1 PAID FOR EACH
How I Saved a Dollar.
Her* U a chanc* for *v*r|r on*
to earn a dollar by telling how
ah* luu aaved a dollar. It m?y ba
a dollar or mora It may hav*
been aaved In a day or a w*ak.
However, all that mattara U HOW
It waa aaved.
II aaved and 91 earned by the
telling of the aavlng makea 12.
How about itT Be brief and writ*
only on oa* aid* of paper.
I will award a prise of |1 each
day for onf of th* suggestions
which I print.
P. 8.?If you want a prlra. you
must be willing to have your name
and addreaa uaed, becaus* that la
only fair to othar contestants, who
have a right to know that each
day's prise winner la an actual per
son. However, I am dallghted to
have all aorta of Ideas sent In.
which. If not given a prise, will
be printed with Inltlala only and
help tha othar readers.
If your first letter doesn't get
a prise, try again. Even If It doea,
that la no bar to your getting an
other If your Idea la worth It.
with ammonia and rtnaa. Uae
Javelle water only on white eotto.ii
Iron rust, bluing and Ink stains
can be remodved by diluted oxalic or
hydrochloric acid applied as for
bleaching. Lemon Juice and salt
may also be used.
How To Make Stala HfSMTfls.
Javelle water?One-half pound
chloride of lime dissolved In two
quarts cold water. One pound wash
ing soda dissolved In one quart boll
intf water. Pour the clear liquid
from the chloride of lime into the
soda solution. Let the mixture set
tle and then strain through a cloth
Into bottles. Cork and keep in a
solve one teaspoon crystals in one
Oxalic acid (mark poison)?Dis
solve one ounce crystals In three
quarter cup of hot water.
Hydrogen peroxide.?Add a few
drops of ammonia to the hydrogen
peroxide just before using. This
makes it work more quickly.
How ?o llrnsvr Common Stain*.
Blood and meat juice.?Use cold
water and soap or starch paste.
Bluing.?Use boiling water.
Chocolate and cocoa.?Use borax
and cold water. Bleach If necessary.
Coffee and tea. ? Use boiling
water. Bleach if neceipary. If the
coffee and tea contained cream use
cold water, then boiling water.
Cream and milk.?Use cold waten
then soap and cold water.
Egg.?Use cold water.
Fruit and fruit juices.?Use boil
ing water. Bleach if necessary.
prass stains.?Use cold water,
then soap and cold water. Alcohol
Grease and oils.?Use French
chalk, blotting paper or other ab
sorbent. or warm water with soap,
or gasoline, benzine, or carbon
Iodine.?Use warm water and
soap, alcohol, or ammonia.
Ink.?Try cold water, then use
an acid, or bleach if necessary.
Iron.?xjse oxalic acid, hydro
chloric acid, or lemon Juice and
Kerosene.?Use warm water and
Lampblack and soot?Use Kero
sene. benzine, chloroform, ether,
gasolene or carbon tetrachloride.
Medicine stains?Use a'.cohol.
Mildew?Jf fresh, use cold water;
otherwise, bleach with javelle
water or potassium permanganate.
Paint and varnish?Use alcohol,
carbon tetrachloride, chloroform or
Perspiration?Use soap and warm
water. Bleach In the sun or with
Javelle water or potassium per
Pitch, tar and wheel grease?Rub
with fat, then use soap and warm
water or benzine, gasolene or car
Scorch?Bleach in the sun or with
Shoe polish (black)?Use soap
and water or turpentine; (tan) use
Syrup?Use tepid water.
Stove polish?Use cold water and
soap or kerosene, benxine or gaso
Vaseline?Use kerosene or tur
Water stains or spots?Steam or
sponge the entire surface of spotted
Wax?Scrape off as much as pos
sible. Use French chalk, blotting
paper or other abshorbent with a
warm iron or use benzine or gaso
lene. If stain remains use alcohol
Kitthtn Window Shade
At Small Outlay.
Today's Economy prize goes to
the following letter:
DEAR ELIZABETH LATTIMER:
I needed * l?r*? shade to the kitchen
window and found, like everything else,
I they had Increased In price I deter
mined to experiment before buyln*.
Taklnc the measurement, I boujht for
25 cents the thickest wrapping paper
obtainable, at "Morrison's," hemmed my
curtain. Inserted rod from old curtain,
then tacked It on the old roller, hunj
It up, and found It perfectly satisfac
tory. saving at least one dollar
A. C. BOWDI.B,
The Clinton Apt.
"Ton're looking pretty glum,
Brown," remarked Smith, as they
met at the station.
"Yes, I'm not feeling too bright,"
replied Brown. "I said one word to
my wife four days ago. and she
hasn't spoken to me since."
"Now, Mrs. Smith was a tarter,
so Smith ffot quite excited at this.
"I say!" he exclaimed. "Do you
think It would act with my mis
"I'm snra It would," replied
Smith fumbled In his pocket and
produced a pound# not which h*
thrust Into Smith's hand with a
look of pleading.
"What did you say?" he asked.
"Oood by!" Brown told him gent*
IT. "Y on see, my wife has gone to
''star with her mother for a week
"Swanee Shore," a Dreaming Southern Waltz Song aW-SK?
? ? T J } BY shuuld I be worry-ing when anything goes wrong f T
1/1/ Soon I will be hurrying down where I belong;
* Swanee, you're a part of me.
An' I'm a part of you,
Bo I know there's only one thing left for me to do.
Swanee shore, you are calling me;
Swanee shore, how I long to be down among the cotton and sugar
Where the mocking birds are sweetly singing,
How I long to com'e back to you,
1'U return when my dreams come true.
And beneath the willow,
1'U make my pillow, ,
The banks of the Swanee shore." *
Here's a song for a Southerner?for the man -who holds his -f
knees on the white sand of the Pacific; hears the rustle of palms
down the shore, and the voices of tourist children from the en*ds !
of the earth. For the Southerner who holds the satin sides of a
horse between his knees on the roads of the desert and lifts his !
eyes to hard, bright blue skies and tenderly, coldly trembling
air?that is healthy for a.chap's lungs when he's far away from
home! For the Southerner who reaps gold in the Far North, and
sees his breath stand before him a glittering, frosty cloud, lives
in bis mackinaw, and hears the pine trees sing profundo undei;
their white loads of snow?and the mountain-maple burst with
the cold. For the Southerner in the Yankee city?where h^>
must hurry?and if you've ever lived South you'll know how
hard it is for him to do that.
For the Southerner from home. A song that dreams about
the things he loves and remembers?and longs to see again. A
?on* that drift* slow] r and gently like the black, glancing
Southern rivers with their islands ot pale-blue flowers a-floating
down?down. A song with the sunny, quiet opens?a song with
the soented, flowery shadows. A aon^ with the languid awing
of the get&le grey moss-banners oyer idle water. A song with
the sweetness of jasmine and honeysuckle. A song that will
crush the flavors of the Southland's fruit on his palate, and the
juice of her dream flowers on his eyelids?and make him dream
And a song for the Northerner, too?for-how many of us
does a song of Dixie or Swanee spell Romanee?and expecta
tion?and memory, sometimes; of wonderful days and lovable
people, of songs and flower* and velvet nights?and time to live!
"Why should I be worrying?when anything, goes wrong,
Soon I will be hurrying?down where I belong."
You're always carrying up sheets of music and spreading
them out on her piano, to play for you. Better remember this
one, too. ?NELL BRINKLET.
The Two Voices
A NEW AND ABSORBING AMERICAN ROMANCE
By VIRGINIA TERHUNE VAN DE WATER.
(Copyright, 1920, Star Company.)
MRS. COURTNEY urged her
older daughter to sleep with
her that night instead of
goihg Into her own room.
When the light was out and
parent and child were lying side by
side in the darkness, Mrs. Courtney
"Did you have a pleasant call
from Ralph Norton?"
Then Doris told her the truth?
that Ralph had declared again his
love for her and that she doubted
if she really loved Hugh.
"The Hugh I uaed to know Is
gone?as if he were dead," she
mourned. "I am sure that already
Ralph Is as much to me as Hugh
was when he went away."
"But Doris," the mother ventured,
"you have not told young Norton
this, have you?"
"No?not yet. Rut he must sus
pect that I like him very much."
She did not think it worth whil*
to mention the kiss that Ralph had
given her. In spite of her senti
mental nature, Mrs. Courtney had
some old-fashioned Ideas of pro
priety. Otie of these was that a
girl should never aocept a kiss
from any man unless she were en
gaged to be married to him.
Mother and daughter talked late.
The conclusion they reached was
the one for which Doris had hoped.
Her mother was not to allow her
favorite child to go to see Hugh
Just yet. . It would be too great a
strain upon the girl's nerves.
"Ruth must make Mr. Rodney
comprehend this," Mrs. Courtney
said. "She Is so intimate with
Damr* that it would be better for
her to explain rather than for you
or me to undertake to do so. Mr
Rodney has shown a disregard for
me?so I do not consider that th.?
Interview about you need be with
me. Rut he mus^ understand that
your health and nerves- as well as
Hugh's?are to be considered. Yat,
darling, I would not adrise yon to
break your engagement precipi
tately. I often find that If one re
fralna from a hasty step, and
watches development the way li
mad* plain for her."
"Perhaps so," 1>orla arqiileaeed.
"Oh, mnt h?r, yen are such m com
*"tva bIn<m la tar the girl waa
asleep. Her mothes- lay motionless
for an hour, pondering the question
from all angles.
Ralph Norton was a good "catch,"
but the social position of his family
was not as assured as ww that of
the Rodneys. Mrs. Courtney was a
social climber and longed for the
prestige to be secured by the mar
riage of her child with Daniel Rod
Yet Hugh was blind.s That means
that he would be a seml-lnvalld?
unless his sight ?as restored. If it
were, and he wore to regaltt his
health, Doris would do better to
^marry him than Ralph.
She sighed. It was a pur-zling
problem. ,If Doris discarded Hugh
the effect upon him might be as
bad as Ruth had stated, a]though
the mother had doubts of this.
"Well, my duty is plain," she
told herself at last. "I must look
after my child's welfare. For a
while at least we need make no
move toward breaking her engage
"Yet, If we do not, and Doris goes
to see Hugh regularly, Ralph may
lose patience. He will be sure to
call up tomorrow to see how she Is.
She must tell him that she has no
intention of going to the Rodpey
Then the devoted parent fell
asleep and dreamed that Doris was
married to Ralph Norton and driv
ing with him In an automobile,
while Hugh, a blind man In rags,
sat at the roadside begging alms.
"Such a strange dream as I had,"
she told Ruth the next morning at
breakfast. "The more I thing about
It, the more I am moved to be
lieve that It came to me as a sort
of Intimation as to what course I
ought to take In a matter I have
"Yes?" Ruth rejoined absent
mindedly. "Ry the way, please do
not let Doris forget to telephone to
Mr. Rodney as soon as ah* comes
"She Is not getting up for break
fast," Mrs. Rodney said with an air
of determination that hsr daugh
ter knew only too well.
She remembered It from child
hood. It always warned the ob
server that Mrs. Courtney had
come to some conclusion from
which she was not to he swerved. ?
"laa't *k* wall t" Hath ta?sl laasl
her heart (linking as she foresaw
complications that would involve
"She is tired and nervous. I had
her sleep in my room last night,
and urged her to lie still this
morning. I will have to get you
to tell Mr. Rodney this. She can
hot co there this morning."
"When will she go?" Ruth's
question was asked with a gentle
ness that gave no suggestion of
the flres of indignation smolder
ing beneath the surface.
Mrs. Courtney was good at avoid
ing an issue. She would temporise.
"That is for Doris to decide," she
replied. "Certainly she cannot go
"Then I must ask her when she
will go," Ruth said, as, having fin
ished her reakfast, she folded her
napkin and pushed her chair back
from the table.
"You can ask her this evening,"
the parent remarked.
"Since I am to telephone for her
this morning I must find out now,"
Ruth rejoined. "Unless"?pausing
on her way to the door?"jrou will
explain to Mr. Rodney?"
"I certainly will not!" Mrs. Court
ney snapped. "You are the one to
"Then," was the quiet comment,
"I am the one to get Poris' decision.
I will go to her at once for it."
12 was an Independent soul;
you read it In his stride, and
* * from the way his eyes would
roll you saw that freedom was his
goal; he preached It far and wide.
When others did the Turkey Trot,
that dance he never tried. He said
he thought It tommyr.it, and sv ho
chucked It on the spot and did th-?
Gander Glide. He wore a hat of
purple hue to prove himself ex
empt from choosing things that
others do, and full dress suits, he
held taboo. While forks were his
contempt. He waa an Independent
wight who never could agree ^Ith
things all other folks though:
right; In fart, he found his chief
delight In argument, you see. He
spent long years In Tlmbuctoo, but
home at last came he, and friends
who saw him fled from view to
seek tall timbers, pastures new,
where'er ha might not be. For, lo!
he brought a pet giraffe to ke?p
him company. He said the felloiv
Mtad* kin laugh, bat friwii snnltl
(To Re ( ??tlBned.)
By Aline Michaelis.
Late Book Reviews
THE TRUE LAFATETTK. By Qrorc* I
Morgan, with tw*nty-*lx illuatratlona.
Philadelphia and iAjndon: J. B. 1 -lp
pincott A Company
"La Fayette is made alive for us
at the start by his own story of*
the wolf he yearned to meet and do
to death ip the .woods at Chavaniao,
In the Haute-Loire, where he was
born on the 6th of September, 1757,
and where, next day, in the church
by the chateau, he was christened
Marie Paul Roche Yves Gilbert du
Motler. This posthumous child,
this lordling with names stroyng
upon him like beads upon a rosary,
this lad who, at eight. as cham
pion of his mother's flocks, bristled
against a depredating wolf, was
destined, we now know, to meet
many terrible wolves; and such
wolves!?wolves of thousand-ye* -
old privileges, of despotism, rf
It is with such a beginning that
the author starts upon hi? thrill
ing tale of the man whose name is
linked with that of the Father of
His Country whenever American
patriots gather. And with an inti
mate touch and camera-like ac
curacy, the real humanness of
Marquis do I,a Fayette is main
tained to the end. The long, gang
ling, awkward, red-haired youth,
"with receding forehead." who fol
lowed the beacon of liberty ever
shining before his eyes across the
mighty ocean, is brought to the
reader ss upon a screen. The p'c
ture, one* seen, cannot be forgot
ten. It makes of the hero of the
revolution m >re than a mc'r.j name.
I* Fayette, wh?.se name 1* b <rtin
proudly by counties, towns and
never stand the gaff, and so they
had to flee. For everywhere that
chappie went, hjs pet must tny
along and folks who pay apart
ment rent say that their homes
were never meant to house a neck
so long. But did this independent
guy pay heed to what they seld?
Quoth he: "The apple of my eye.
I'll keep this dear giraffe close by."
and home his pet he led. This
dauntless chap w?s wed one day
(now dismal grows ny chant). Mhe
caught him napping, ao they sav.
and nabbed him in a heartless way,
this pretty debutante. And so,
what of his freedom now, what of
his fair giraffe? He spends his
mornings with the eow and help*
the cook prepare the chow, wltiftt
colleges in the land he helped to
make free, has in the years passing
since the triumph at Yorktown be
come a truly American hero. Fur
thermore, Mr Morgan'* book is dis
tinctly of a timely nature, tflnio
Gen. John J. Persuing, on his ar
rival in Prance at the heaij of th<5
first American troops ever to be
seen on the European continent,
descended to the tomb of the Mar
quis in Picqus Cemetery and spoke
those historic words "L.a Faycire,
we are here," thus calling strikincr
attention to the lofty position heM
by the memory of George Washioi;
ton'a friend and fellow soldier.
It is with friendly Interest we are.
told of Ua Fayette's birth amid
the dark forests ol Chavaniac,
haunted by the shadows of Vercin
getorlx, who battled so bravely
against the trained hosts of Julius
Caesar. The magnificent acenlc beau
ties of the Auvergne, "the back
bone of France," are told so aa to
offer a necessary background for
the ancient Motler family and its
illustrious characters, of which Gil
ber du Motler was neither the last
nor the least.
"Sleur Motier," aa Carlyle called
him. sprang from a family old
in the feudal days, holding the
fief known as Fayette. The Motlers
were solHiers, many falling In the
Crusades. Colonel I,a Fayette, fath
er of Washington's companion, fell
at Mlnden July 12-1S, 1757, leading
his French troops against the en
emy. Thus his son was left to the
training of hla estimable mother
and his two aunts, one of whom.
Mme. 1a Comtesse de Chavantmc,
waa especially well fitted for the
"T|hat he waa th? last of hla fam
ily. we are old?a marquis In hla
cradle, sole, hope of hla line?could
nof be forgotten by, his mother, hla
grandmother?a woman of strong
character and excellent principles,
descended from one of the sturdy
mountain races of Auvergne, the
Suat de Chavaniac?nor by his two
aunts, who made their homes In the
He was In college at Paris at the
age of twelve when his mother
died. Shortly after his grand
father passed away, leaving him
/?xtremely wealthy. In April. 1'7-i,
married Marie Adrieane Frnn
rolae dc Noallle*. second daughter
of the Puc d'Ayrn, later Due .le
Noalllea, rich and of a powerful
family datlnc back to th? Cru
Attending a dinner at Jfetz, L* #
Fayette heard dirpatche's fram Amer
ica read to William Henry. Duke of
Gloucester, brother of George III.
He was greatly interested, inter
, rogating the Duke concerning
America at some length. It was
then, in 1776. that the young
French nobleman formed the Idea
of offering his services to tha
struggling colonists. ""The idea of
fighting for liberty, a new Oiought
j in Europe then, exerted a great in
fluence upon his Imagination and
he finally sailed from Los Pasajes.
a port of Spain, on Sunday. April 20.
1777. In Le Victoire, which he had
bought and fitted up himself. After
fifty-four days La Fayette and his
: companions landed at Winyah, or
I Georgetown Bay, a degree north of
' Charleston, S. C.
Hiding to Philadelphia, where he
offered his lervlces to the Con
tinental Congress, lie was rebuffed
and given an opportunity only aftar
convincing General Washington of
his sincerity. La Fayette became a
member of Washington's staff. His
career with the colonial army Is
well known. He was wounded slight
ly in the leg at Brandywine and,
later, given high command of the
forces in Virginia, finally closing
with the victory over Cornwallis at
Returning to his own land. L*
Fayette was' In time to bear his part
in the tumultuous scenes attending
the downfall of autocracy. He or
ganized the Garde Republicalnc and
strove with rtilght and main to pro
tect the lives of the royal family.
Forced to flee, he was captured by
the Austrlans and imprisoned at Ol
mutz, a fortress dungeon, for flva
years and one month, during which
his health greatly failed. His wife
and two daughters, finding him
there, Joined him for the latter half
of his Imprisonment.
Released, La Fayelte struggled
with the remnants of Ma property,
living as n gentleman farmer. In
1?24 he visited the United States,
where he was made a hero. lie as
sisted In the foundation of Buiker
Hill monument, at Boston, and
visited every Plate In. tUe Union,
twenty-four In number than.
Trudging through tho rain In the
funeral procession of a life-long
friend. Ln Fayetta was taken ill and.
lifter much suffering, died on M*y
20. 1 KIM, the beloved }iero of two
CKtintrlef, hla own and Me edupted
This hook Is su'tably Illustrated
and. with Its weolth of nolci, i!r*
S'ifves to be read liy alt vho ha\a
an lnter?st In liberty and tliose wht
have offered their Uvea to obttla
and defend It.
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