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niimhfch 11.*37- 'raayar? washtftoton. Tuesday evening. February io. 1920. price two"centst"
. 1 ? 1 ft Admiral Sims Says Daniels Rewarded "Officers Who Sank Their Ships" in the War ?seara???mnmnmemimmfe ?eeeeeeeeesweit?mi?w?e?w<i RAILROAD STRIKE ISSUE PUT UP TO PRESIDENT m?- : 1 ' 11 \ ???? ? a - ? J^elfiihnws and Progrm. Alcohol and Flying. Labor and Polltiot. The Mark of Cain. By ARTHUR BRISBANE. <Copyright VmIuim, vanity, self iadul fence sod selfishness in man often cause progress. Tba Roman Km per or had his marble baths for his own dellgbt. hence the enamal bath in every little flat The Kiapuror wanted for that bath pure water from the apland That started the aqueduct system* that now aupply the top floor* of tenement house*. Young men with nothing to do but spend money were in a ter rific hurfy to go somewhere, al though it didn't In the leant mat tar whether they went or not Money they otherwiae would have wasted waa used to build the first expensive automobiles. Hence, the tanner'* and business man's cheap car. Foolish experiments In transmu tation of metal*, trying to manu facture gold, reaulted in -most val uable chemical diacovene*. Now man's self-indulgent thirst, demanding aomethlng more excit ing than plain water, will contrio nte to the development of the pow erful flying machine. America is the land of prohibi tion and virtue Cuba is the near by, sunny, alcoholic oasis. Already they have a regula flying machine route from Key West to Havana. Fast trains from San Francisco, Chicago, New York to Key West, then a short flight?and no pro hibition. A twenty-million-dollar hotel is being built near Havana to take care of the crowd. Soon fast pas senger ships, such as were for merly used in the Mediterranean trade, will run from New York to Havana in the winter. A little later the big flying ma chine, making the round trip in a few hours, wul travel between the island of Cuba and Long Island in absolute safety. Thirst will hurry on the day of passenger flying. Cube before long will be the land flowing with alcohol and money. Scores of millions of gal lons of whiskey already have gone there. Thousands of American travel ers and millions of American money are pouring in. With its sugar crop worth more than half a billion a year going out and American cash coming in, Cuba, the "Pearl of the Antilles," will soon be the gold nugget among nations. Organised labor, entering poli tics, "will elect true ana Wed friends of the trade union move ment." Interesting announcement. In England organized labor is a gi gantic force in politics; in Amer ica it is not On election day the crowds divide, following party lines. Each party prepares a plat form saying it is the only real friend Igbor ever had. HaJf the labor men go one way, half the other. The politicians laugh? well they may. The statement of union men that they will elect "true and tried friends of union labor" should cause them to ask themselves some questions. How does a man got true and tried friends? He gets them and keeps them by showing that he appreciates friendship, by proving that he does not forget tomorrow the kindness of today. To what men can labor unions point?powerful in public affairs ?for whom union labor has ever really done anything? The strongest, hardest fighting friend of the unions in this coun try, as everybody knows, is Sam uel Gompers. And a large section of union labor is viciously fighting Gompers todsy. To have true and tried friends, you must do something to deserve them. Union men know, perhaps, and if they don't know .this writer can tell them, that in every elec tion the politicians say to the newspaper men: "Dont pay any attention to union labor. It doesn't count in politics. It is with you one day, and knives you the next. Wc hand them a little jolly in the platform and let it go at that" New York and other cities, nhd hundreds of towns, are buried in snow, transportation stopped, workmen idle. Every year inow surprises and paralyzes the intel ligent American public as though it never happened before. This | would be excusable on the Equs ' tor,' not in the latitude of New York or Chicago. The hundreds of "tanks" owned by the Government and lying idle wonld clear away the snow In New York city in a day. But this would mean co-operation between na tional and local governments, which does not exist. The snow would melt twice while the neces sary red tape was being unwound. The Augusta Chronicle points out that in the Georgia State pen itentiary nearly half of all the Erisoners are men convicted of illing or trying to kill somebody else. In the prison are 1,004 men serving life sentences. Nine hun dred and ninety-four were con victed of murder, 426 of man slaughter, 12 as accessories in murder, 215 for attempts to com mit murder. The "mark of Cain" shows no tendency to disappear. Such statistics should be care fully preserved. They will be valuable to historians in the fu ture trying to form an estimate oar artwal civilisation. ADMIRAL WILL FACEACCUSER Congressman Byrnes Called to Testify At Sims' Hearing This Afternoon. SOCIETY WOMEN GIVE CHEER Witness Declares Oaniels Pur sued "Defeated Policy" in Re warding Certain Officers. Rear Admiral Sims will be faced by hla accuser, Congressman Byrnes, Democrat of South Carolina, when the Senate subcommittee Invest!gating medal award* resumes Its hearlngr. late this afternoon. Byrnes will be asked by the com mittee to rscits a conversation ha and Senator Carter Olass, of Virginia and Congressman Whaley, of South Carolina, had with Sims In Paris, in October, 1918. This conversation, which Sims does "not remember clearly," but denies as to facts, was racttsd by Byrnes on the floor of the House several days ago. Urges Fall Probe. Senator Hale, Republican. Maine, Is ?ued a call at noon for the appear aace of Byrnes, Olasa, and Hhaley at the suggestion M Senator Pl.ttiWj Democrat, IVevada, also a member of the kuboom?ilttee. "The charges that pro-British statements or anti-Amer ican statements were made by Ad-' mlral Sima are grave and should be rone Into thoroughly," Pittman said. Whmi Cheer Slaw. Injection of a "defeatist germ" Into the navy by Seer lary of the Navy Daniels was char >;d today by Ad miral Sims before the Senate subcom mittee lnvestigat; g the award of medals. "What l? the us > of spending mil lions for battleship* If you 'are going to offer special awards for the officers who sink them?'" Sims declared. Sims was speaking of the award of a distinguished service cross by Daniels to Commander Bagley, who lost his ship. Bagley Is a brother-in law of Daniels. , When Sims entered the room, 200 society women of Washington stood and cheered. Sims denied statements attributed by Daniels to Congressman Byrnes of South Carolina, that he (Sims) declar ed the army had fallen down. "I told Byrnes the story, and that he would hear it often, but not to be lieve it," Sims said. "I have read the testimony of the Secretary of the Navy before the committee on February 3," Sims con tinued. "This testimony Is very sur prising In that In a number of Im portant Instances it Is in error In stating my views as to awards?In some of these Instances I even And myself In entire accord with Mr. Dan iels. "For example, Mr. Daniels states he 'would never approve a disparity (Continued on Pare 2, Column 8.) Keeping Up With The Times A FACT A DAY The manager of a tfronp of Chicago groceries re cently made an unusual test to guide his decision on compctinc brands of pan cake flour. He wanted to find out which product really led on two main ppints? fast turnover and low clerk cost. Four brands of pancakc flour, all known to Chica go housewives, Lut one of them extensively ndvertis. ed, were displayed side by side. No selling effort of any sort was made by the pro prietor or by his clerks. Ihiring nine months in the entire group of stores customers selected whatever brand they desired. These are the exact results of the test: Pack sees Per cent sold of total Advertised brand 2S.4SO 72 Vi Second 6,400 15 Third 2.700 7H Tout th 1,800 5 Crown Prince Cables Wilson Hell Take Place of War Guilty President Wilson today received a cablegram from former Crown Prinoe Wilhelm of Germany announcing that be is willing to stand trial instead of some of the German officers wbo were called for by the allies. The cablegram was dispatched from Wierengen and deelared that if the allies demanded a "victim" the Crown Prince was willing to be that victim rather than many of the former German officers whose names were mentioned in the allied list of war gnilty. The tone of the cablegram was entirely one of mar tyrdom, it was learned. The cablegram was sent directly to President Wil son, it was learned, and the text is not available at this time. The ex-Crown Prince was quoted in dispatches from London as saying that "the consequences to all Europe would be immeasurable if the demand of the allies for ?the listed German officers were carried into force." The Winner Of LimerickNo.2 The animals out at the Zoo Are ne?er alarmed by the flu; Said the bear to the goat, Tve a warm overcoat, There's nothing but whiskers on yon.' To k kick room in Leesbwf*? Va* c&esk for WOO ft** The Washington TMk? for tHa best "last line" for No. 2 In The Times Limerick Contest. Racked with rheumatism. which has kept her a prisoner In the houae tafr Ave months, Mrs. J. EL MrFherson caught the whimsical ity of thip conversfXlon between the bear '>n<l go*t at the Zoo anent the <i<?ld ?reather and popu lar epldemlo. and gave Bruin thta added chat at Billy: 'There's nothing- but whiskers on you." This was awarded the prise by the Judgis. Selection was as hard as It was the previous day. The first task was to sort all the last lines sub mitted down.,to those of true lim erick form. Some people think that almost, anything will make a limerick, but as a matter of fact, the Ancient and Exclusive Order of Llmerlclsts have a set of rules for their favorite verslcal tidbits, and they are Jealous that the species be kept pure as to form. Rhythm ui Rhyme. The metfer and rhyme must be exactly like the first two lines given. After the pure bred last lines had been placed in oqe pile, these were again sorted and re-sorted, until the number was reduced to Ave. The judges then took a separate vote on the five, mark ing three points for the first choice, two for the second, and one for the third. Mrs. McPherson's wa* marked first by two of the judges and second by the other.. Mary L. Michel, 1918 First street northwest, did some clever pun ning In a line: ? " 'You're a bear, but not bare,' laughed the gnu." The Judges gave her second place. Harry Chaney, 1653 Hobart street, added: "And Nature 'pre-scented' mine, too." He was marked third by the Judges. Other honorable men tion went to Alice W. Mott, 1C2S AMERICAN BANKERS ID MAKE SURVEY OF CHINA Thomas W. Lamont, of J. P. Morgan & Co., Will L^are Thurs day With Party. NEW YORK, Feb. 10?Thomas W. Umoit. of J. P. Morgan A Co., with Martin Egan as assistant, and Jere miah Smith, of Boston, as counsel, will leave Thursday for Japan and China to confer with bankers of those countries snd make a financial, com mercial and political survey of China. I-amont will represent a consortium of bankers. Including most of the Im portant financial figures In the coun try. He plans to return to New York about June 1. It is understood the trip was made with the full approval of the State Department. TAXES RAIL FARES 30 P. C. VIENNA, Feb. I#.?A 10 per cent tax on railroad tickets and baggage charges Is announced by the govern ment. Railway fares In Austria have advanced approximately 700 per cent over pr*-far rate*. Sixteenth (treat north we?t< who wrote: "And !??? by tha r?l?? ?* **?" Bine," and Qrace Kinder, B04 Third street isntheut. whow contribution waa: "Georgette and silk hose are taboo." C*?Uit Chm to nra*. Mrs. McPherson waa unable to come to the telephone to receive the news of her success aa a laat llner. The Information waa com municated to her husband, a clothing merchant of the Virginia town. "Anne will be might;- glad,** aald Mr. McPherson; "1 doubt whether she had any expectation of getting the prise. She's sick, yon know. She's been l|ld up for months with the rheumatism. "We get The Times every day, and I knew she was getting aome anusement out cif that limerick contest. She hasn't ever written for the papers. She Is a member of the Library Association here, and reada a great deal. "Just how she came to think of that last line I don't know. I wasn't there when she wrote It. "But 1 know that she will be right glad to get the check, and I want to thank The Times for giving her the chance ta win it "It gets rsther tedious for peo ple when they are sick." The Judges spent a sleepless night last night working on their decision for last Wednesday's conv test The result will be an nounced In tomorrow's Times. The names of contestants are not known to the judges until after the decision Is made. Limericks are carefully sorted by a staff of trained readers In The Times office for mechanical imperfections alone. The'ellgible last lines are typed on a separate sheet of paper in triplicate and sent to the Judges, who act separately on the merits. The first choice of each Judge Is given three points; second, two points, and third, one point. The final decision is based on this total. The rules of the contests, and to day's incomplete Lliaeriek wtll be fonnd on Page 2. NO CAKE FOR FRANCE AFTER FEBRUARY 20 New Bread Regulations Prohibit the Making of Pastry From Wheat Flour. PARIS. Feb. 10.?Prance, after February 20, again becomes the land of no cakes. After that date the new bread regulations prohibit the making of oakes or pastry, wholly or ertn psrtly from wheaten flour. The Pastry Makers' Association Is up In arms against the provision of the new law. the more so becsuse the large biscuit manufacturers appar ently are excepted from It. The as sociation maintains that the order spells ruin to Its trade, which waa one of the hardest hit during the war, when most of the stores were compelled to close down and dismiss their staffs. CANCEL CABINET MEETING. The regular Tuesday meeting of President Wilson's Cabinet was can celed today because of the sbssncs from the otty of a number of the ?Mimbers. King Qeorge Teds Parliament Peace Time Regulation Is Forthcoming. COMMENTS ON IRELAND Promises Better Government for Erin By Passage of New Legislation. By FLOTD MACGRIFF. International Newt Service. LONDON, Feb. 10.?That Great Britain ia preparing to cnrb her liqucy traffic waa revealed by Kins George today in hia apeech from the throne convening Parliament "The war ?ho wed the danger of ?xcMaive drinking, and a bill suit able for peace time regulation of al ooholic beverages is forthcoming," said the king. Appeals For Peace. Ktag George appealed for peace In eastern Europe and Russia, saying: "So leng as these vast region* with hold their full contribution of the world's commodities the cost of liv ing cannot be reduced, nor general prosperity restored throughout the yfrid." Touchlag on the acute Ifl* sltua <Ksn, King Oeoffie declared that "e?h dltions In Irelarid causa no grave con cern." He continued; j "But proposals will soon be laid be fore you for a better government in that country, such as were outlined at the end of the last session. Also a bill containing further provisions for education In Ireland will be sub mitted." Optimistic Oattook. King George expressed the hope that peace would soon be effected with Hungary and Turkey and that the Adriatic controversy would be settled. He said that excellent re lations prevail among the allies. "I believe that the British empire Is making rapid strides toward star bllity and prosperity, but it Is essen tial for all classes to throw them selves Into the work of reconstruc tion." said the King. "The adverse exchange rates are menacing our food supply. The re fore bills should be considered to stimulate production and develop the fishing Industry." Parliament was reconvened after (Continued on Page 2, Column S.) Willing.to Accept Hitchcock's Reservation to Article X of League. PACT AGAIN BEFORE SENATE Reported Out At Noon Today, But Will Lie Over Until Monday. President Wilson !? willing to ac cept a compromise on Article X of the League of Nations covenant. This was stated at the White Honse today. Furthermore th% President Is hope-! fill that the Democrats and the "mild reservation lets" mar reach a com promise on all reservations and it was learned that the President would favor such actloa, based on the i Hitchcock reservations. Letter Was KlihitrpnM. President Wilson's letter to Senator Hitchcock, which was reed at the Democratic caucus last Saturday, has been misinterpreted, "tt was stated at the White House. The President intended to inform Senator Hitchcock that he was agree able "to the substance" of the Hitch cock reservation to article. 19 qpd was-also In. support of the reseika tlonn pat feMh by Senator Hltchcpok in the bi-partisan conferences. The President believes flrmijr t%at a satisfactory compromise will he reached between the Democrats and the "iniid reeervationlsts" when the treaty reaehep the floor again, It was learned. Letter Was Held tTp. President Wilson is not altogether pleased with the way in which his letter was handled, it was learned. He sren no resson why the letter, written on January 26, was withheld until last Saturday. The Grey letter< was written snd made public in the meantime, and the President believes tbat this has led to confusion. He has been st a lass to understand why his letter was "misinterpreted" by the Democratic Senators. Senator Ix>dge st noon today re ported the treaty to the Senate from the Foreign Relations Committee. He gave notice that he will ask that ths treaty be taken up next Monday for considerstlon. "I let the matter He over for these (Continued on Page 2, Column 1.) Mother Tells Why She Killed Child and Sat With Body Two Days NEW YORK, Feb. 10.?Mrs. Emily Favre, thirty-four, was arraigned today on a charge of killing her twelve-year old daughter, Emily Margaret, last Saturday. She was held without bail for hearing Saturday. Mrs. Favre was very cool and smiled frequently as she talked with the magistrate. On her way from jail to the court she asked for the morning papers and, after reading the accounts of her alleged crime, declared that "when the time comes" she will "give a very good reason" for her act. She declined to explain what she meant Sat by Body. She frustrated photographer* by carrying her muff before her face. Mrs. Favre, +ho was arrested yes terday afternoon, recounted today, tn an emotionless voice, how she hud fired a bullet through the girl's heart as the latter slept beside her, and how she lay beside her daughter, heedless of blood that saturated her night clothing. She had gone with out food from the time of the murder until her apprehension. She raised her head slightly and repeated a question put by an official: "What was I doing all that time with Margaret dead beside me? Oh, just thinking?thinking. Indeed, I did love hef and; well?I was Just getting ready to kill myself when a man took my revolver from me. I was tired of life, horribly tired." In Financial S?ral?s. Assistant District Attorney P. Francis Marro examined the woman for Heveral hours. The motive was expressed by her to have been finan cial difficulties. She came to the Aahton Hotel October 7. 1?1?. At that time aha seemed to have "plenty of money," according to the manager, l^elgh Walker. When arrested she | had $1(1 In her purse. She Intimated there was "another reason." but ra fuaad to dlacuaa it. l Mrs. Favr. register^ f*r herself and daughter ait "Minn Emily Fannatl and slater." She did this, ahe ax plained, because she had come to New Vork from New Orleana to be a mo Ion picture actress. A director In a Southern studio had told her she was pretty and would photograph well." She had Inherited a share In her Father's lumber Interests In Canada, and from this source was able to live -nmfortably with her daughter. Not Wauled In Picture*. In the last alx months, however, ahe xald her Income was delayed and finally ceased. Motion plrture pro ducers did not seem interested In her ambitions. She said she wrote several letters to Hector Jackson, a friend of her brother's, Innes Sutherland, a real dent of New Orleans and a trustee of the estate. It was her last latter, written Friday evening and mailed that night, which led to the discos cry of the murder. The letter reached, JacVson's offices yesterday morning. It said Mra. Favre Intended killing her daughter and herself. Jacksoif dispatched Carl Jerow. Brooklyn, and an associate In business, to the Hotel Ashton. He and Walker, the manager, went to the small room on the aecond floor and (Continued o? Page 3, Cotnma L) JAPAN FEARS RED INVASION NEXT SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 10.?Alexandrovsk, capital of the island of Sakhalin, haa been captured by Si berian Bolsheviki, de clares a special cable dis patch, via Honolulu, re ceived here today by the Japanese Daily World. Fear was expressed that the Bolsheviki would next attempt to invade Japan. The dispatch was dated Tokyo and was forwarded from there to Honolulu and thence here. LEXINGTON MOBS AWED BY MPS First Division Regulars Patrol Kentucky City Under Martial Law. LEXINGTON, Ky., 18.?United States Nfului of the First Division patrolled the street* of Lexington to day to prevent a recurrence of rioting which caused the death of five per sons and the wounding of a score yesterday. Mobs which attacked the court house during the trial of Will Lock ett, negro murderer of Geneva Harda man, ten. schoolgirl, scattered with the arrival of the second detachment of infantry late last night. Martial Law Declared. Soldiers were posted about the courthouse where Lockett is confined pending removal to Frankfort state prison. Soldiers searched every per son who appeared in the streets after dark. The veterans were posted on each of the twelve roads leading to Lexington and entrance to the city was refused. Islington Is under mar tial law, governed by 000 soldiers un der command of Brig. Gen. Francis C. Marshall. MaJ. Charles P. Snmmerall, com mandant of Camp Taylor, Louisville, was to arrive here at noon to take command. State militia troops which clashed with the mob yesterday have been relieved and will return to their homes today. General Marshall announced that no effort will be made to remove Lockett from Lexington today. Walt Oa Ho?d Far Negre. Although rioters disappeared from the sy-eets last night, it was report ed that they were stationed along the Lexington-Frankfort pike to prevent any attempt to remove the negro to the penitentiary. General Marshall predicted there would be no further trouble In Lex ington, and said a part of his com mand might return to Camp Taylor tonight. Governor Morrow will be asked to day to support passage of a law mak ing attack upon a woman punishable by hanging In the county in which it occurs, and making the law applic able to the Lockett case. THREE OF FAMILY DROWN WHEN SKIFF OVERTURNS Fourth Leaps From Ice Cake to Ice Cake and Reaches Shore in Safety. MANCHESTER. N. H, Feb. 10.? Three members of the Stewart fam ily, of West Manchester, were drowned, and one was saved when a boat In which they were crossing the Morrlmac river overturned to day. The Stewarts were on their Way tb work In a shoe factory. The victims were Daniel, twenty-three; Thomas, twenty-six, and Nellie, nine teen, John, sixteen, managed to reach the shore by leaping from Ice cake to Ice cake. CLAIMS WOMAN SPIES< PUT GIRL ON ALLIED LIST : ' | BERLIN, Feb. 10,?Miss Klsa Schel ner, the only woman on the list of Germans demanded by the allies. Is the daughter of a prominent profes sor of Herlln University. She had charge of the women's concentration camp at Valenciennes during the war. The Nleuwe Rotterdamsche Cou rant prints a letter from a contribu tor who worked with Professor Schelner In Potsdam. He asserts Mlsa Fchelner Incurred the enmity of al lied women spies Imprisoned at har ramp. WAGE PARLEYS Chief Executive Receives Ulti matum Threatening Walkout of 300,000 on Feb. 17. MAY USE FORCE OF LAW White House Contends 30 Days' Notice Must Be Given. Labor In Conference. President Wilson will tak? np the matter of increased wage demands for railroad workers today. Secretary Tumulty has held a long conference with Director General Hinee and will lay the entire matter before the President today. The threatened strike of the main tenance of way employes Is regarded as a serious situation at the Whitt House because It may open the way for other strikes. ? C?I1 Strike Illegal. The White House take* the atti tude that this strike is Illegal because a thlrty^lay notice has not been given and It was Intimated that the Presl den may take steps to prevent the strike by using: the force of the law. The labor leaders today drafted an Ultimatum which they were to present to Director General Hines. It was ex pected that the Director General would take the ultimatum to the White House ajid confer later In the day with the labor leader* again. The railroad administration today arranged to hold a conference with a committee from the 300.000 of the maintenance of way employes In an attempt to reach some agreement which would prevent the threatened atrike. Bin M Give* Netlee. They said the maintenance of way union has Riven no formal notice to Htnes of. its strike order. The only notice given was that the union had decided to press IU original demand? for pay increases. Little hope Is held out by the brotherhood leader* that any In creases will be granted, and the best they expect is some small adjustment In wages as between various classes of workers. Strike* Tfcreate*. Furthermore the chiefs today are open In their admissions that they fear they will be unable to hold their men in leash. They predict sporadic unauthorised strikes, with the danger that these may spread to a general ?trike. If the workers receive no sat isfaction. With a strike of maintenance or way employes ordered for February 17, the leaders declared that this would be an Incentive to other work ers to strike. Officials of the Railroad Adminis tration professed to be little worried by the threatened strike of mainten ance of way men, declaring that this class of workers was poorly organ ised and could be easily replaced. Uct Direct Answer. Leaders of 2.000,000 closely or ganised union railroad workers were to go into conference with Rail Di rector Hines here today to recslve a direct answer to their demands for Immediate wage increases totalling J2.000.000.000 a year. Hines promised to give them his answer in writing, leaders said. "If it isn't what we want we'll strike," said President W. G. Lee of the Brotherhood of Railroad Train men. ? ? "The time for dickering Is past. Hines will tell the delegation the full Increase is Impossible at this time. It was plainly Indicated yester day, although the rail director has made no statement of his decl-lon. Railroad administration officials are prepared for a general outburst of strike threats beginning late today and tonight when the union leaders are in possession of Hines' answer to their demands. Officials early today expressed con fidence, however, that there will be no extensive walkout, although they are prepared for the usual "tense moment" that always comes at one point during all such negotiations ss are now goltiK on. BROTHERHOODS PREPARE FOR BATTLE TO FINISH The Railroad Brotherhoods are now squarely out In the open in what promises to be one of the blggeat labor battles In history. Director Oeneral Hines today has the grim task of turning down wage demands which practically afreet all the railroad employes?more than 8,000.000 In all?at the very hoiy when a hug* railroad strike already has been called. Call Palmer Falter*. For more than six moVths the strus gle between the railroad an<nlnlstra tlon and the shopmen has been ap proaching a crisis. Last August a (Continued on Pag* 2, Cilw? X.)