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HOOVER ON LEAGUE California Senator Says Former Food Chief Once Opposed Any Reservations. Herbert Hoover, u I cwdtUle tor ilk* Republican Presidential nomina tion. bu don* tn "about faca" on hie attitude toward the league of nation* at nee he waa a Wllaon appointee. Sen ator Hiram Johnson declare". In a statement he Issued following ??over's declaration that Johnson had not made his stand with regard ta the league clear. . Johnson declares, while he wou d welcome any real attempt to promote peace and prevent war. he has < on statently opposed the league compa< aji It was presented to the Senate an with the reservations which were at tached. His statement "The league presented to the sen ate by the President which Mr. Hoover advocated last year neither promotes peace nor reduces arroamenta. Pur lag Mr. .Hoover's advocacy of this laarue last year he never mentioned reservations; on the contra tsoor /bf h'? speeches WM ,n direct opposition to any re;err*tlon*" ?,i. T\th his candidacy came his i cnange of heart, and for the first time , we Triad him when a candidate, never before, favoring reservations. These rrtervatlons last year, It was assart I ?V?. 'broke the heart of the world,( tit the heart out of the covenant, /wade us 'scuttle and run' and the ' "slackers of the world.' Mr. Hoover. J from apparent opposition to the^res 1 ervatlone, now embraces the oppor tunlty to 'break the heart of the world' and 'cut the heart out of the C*"inhave consistently opposed the pact an presented and with the ?atIons attached. I would welcome, of course, any real attempt to pro mote peace and prevent war. Mr. Hoover last year had one view, this year he has another. As time pro gresses snd aa various nominations ' present themselves, jwe may look for other views as well." sberiwTred army to BE USED AGAINST POLES Soviet Government Taking Extreme Measures to Check Offensive Aggingt BoUhevigm. IXJNDON. May 8.?The Russian so clet government Is taking extreme measures to combat the 0lfre"sive.?f ' the Holes, according to a wireless din , patch from Moscow, picked up at Her lln and forwarded here today. The soviet government la reported to have begun transporting the blg , gest part of its Siberian army west t ward to put against the po,e*- A11 ?workers throughout soclet We been ordered under arms and will .he sent to the western front, the dis patch declared. An Exchange Telegraph dispatch ! from Paris stated that the Ukrainians (announced that the Poles have cut a ' railway line forty miles from KlefT. > which threatens the whole retreat of the soviet army. i At the headquarter* pt the Ukrain ian diplomatic mission here t It ^ was ?declared that this move makes the fall of Kieff inevitable.! < Utvwa.i i stated that the whole offenfctv? tpove tment against the Russians had been carefully planned and mapped out ' and Is moving on schedule. POLISH DRIVE ON REDS SAID TO HAVE ALLIES' O.K. V1KNNA, May 8.?The Polish of fensive against Soviet Rtfssla Is a \ direct result of the allies agreeing at i the San Remo conference to encour I age Poland tn her attack, according 1 to the newspaper Isvestia of Moscow. The Iirrestla claims to possess In ' formation that the allies took such , action. L Comfort Baby's Skin With Cuticura Soap And Fragrant Talcum MOTHERS' DAY pionC ENGRAVING AND LAKL>J bTATIONEBY BOOK-HUNTERS (Near Cor. 14<h and G Nts.) MAIN MM. Washington')! Newest Hook N?r?. I Philip J. Schwartz Formerly With the Carry Ice Cream Co. And later with the Income Tax Division of the U. 8. Treasury Department, announces to his many friends In and out of W?ehln? ton that ho In now connected with ths Arlington Hotel V cement \?eniie. Between K and L Pts. N. \V? Adjoining Dcpsrtment of JosUce. As Assistant Manager. and will be pleased to urocl Itim friend*. Expert Economist Tells Railway Wage Board That Is Fair Minimum. (Continued from Ptrit Page.) service to the public to bs properly compensated. They wlah the railroad "??? problem to be settled on a sound and equitable basis, with real Indus trial Insight and courageous states manship. *^e public Is weary, Jaat as wo ? re weary, of paat opportunist pall rlea la ?a?t aSjsatmeat. of half-way ?*"?*rlalag fiMlnte, devised ?? ? Bllaatlaa temporarily wllbeat rt?,r< ?? permaaeal and fundamental principles. The public wlakes the ra tiros 11 nair ruatrotrray trttlrd souadly, equitably. and aa a laag "**? (?r-srrlag basis. It la realised '*?' each a settlement will aeaa the aeeeloratloa of ladaatrtal production. ?' ??hleh oar reealry, aa well aa the ?' the world, la la each frtfleea a red. "The establishment of a decent liv ing wage would placa the great army of railroad workers upon the basla of a decent American standard of liv ing. Kxlstlng strife and discontent between railway employes and man agements would be Immediately re duced and the permanent foundation laid for working relations pn a peace able basis. The highest Interests of our country and the best interests of the railroads themselves would also be subserved by such action. Finally, from the standpoint of both the pub lic and the railroads, the productive efficiency of all claaaea of railway worker* would be Incraaaed. and bet tar, as well aa aafar and more efficient, aervlee would be aacured at a lower coat." Compilation ?r Badgeta. Mr. Lauck presented to the board a compilation of budgeta on the coat of living baaed on atudlea made under hla supervision aa well aa studies made by agenclaa of the Federal Government, of various State government*, and of various Indus trial Investigation commissions and boarda?all adjusted to conform to the present scale o*f prices. "In making this atatement I am well Within the findings of the United States Government Itself, for on the basis of the budget compiled by Prof. Royal 8. Meeker, Commlaaloner of Labor Statistics, dated August, 1919, a family today needH $2,613 upon which to live. Commissioner Meeker's figures for August. 1919. totaled 12.262. Brought forward with scrupu lous exactness these figures must be translated into 12.533 for May, 1920. Commissioner Meeker described his budget as a "minimum comfort" one, allowing for a trifle above bare sub sistence. He himself has described It as "not Ideal" and under present conditions this terminology Is highly conservative. "If Industry la to live, the workers moat live. Haager wages mast give way to Uvlag wages. The aeeda are not to be determlaed merely by the lowest possible aatoaat of foo*. cloth lag. aad shelter they eaa exist a pas. It la the Uvlag wage that Is eonteaded for, a wage that will aat merely give the worker physical comfort aad keep hlat a healthy animal, hat oar which will sapply kin with the aeeeaaltles for aroad eltlaeaahlp. "The budget toased on the living wage principle offers the bare oppor tunity for those standards we call American. There are no provisions for old age, no provisions for emer gencies, no provisions for aught, but the most meager educational and recreational opportunities. "A living wage is a true measure of Americanism. The American work man's standard of living has been for fifty years the main argument for the protection of American industry. It now is time for American Industry to pay Its debt by guaranteeing to every one of its workers that stand ard of life which It has exploited Tor Its own benefit. World Fall of Unreal. "Today the world is full of unrest. This nation is no exception. We are paying the penalty for the gross selfish neglect of the human problem In industry. "A return to pre-war condlllaaa is Impossible aad unthinkable. Rut. present conditions are unendurable aad cannot continue.. Inevitably, we moat build aaew, aad It la far more Important to the public, .. well aa labuFi that the foundation of our nerr economic atractnre be secure and per maaent than that conditions of dln tresa be relieved temporarily, or that we attempt temporarily 4o tide over ?octal trouble*. "The principle of the living wage Is established in enlightened public opinion throughout the civilized world. It has the sanction of our Government In the proclamation ere atlng the National War Labor Board. It is embodied In the labor provisions of the treaty of peace. It has the expressed and explicit endorsement of the religious world as expressed by the Catholic church and all Protes tant denominations. It Is the oppor tunity of this board to fix perma nently and for all time a basis for compensating two million workers In the transportation branch of Indus try. We believe It Is your duty to do so: we hope you may regard <t a* your privilege. l*ro*teeriag Kvll. "We have undertaken to show and we believe wo have shown that the fundamental cause of all economic Instability, all Industrial unre." .n Interruptions of production and'din tributlon has been high prices and ADLON and 44 CIGARS Capital Cigar & Tobacco Co., Inc. MUtrlkiHarn 604 Pa. Ave. N. W. Main 830 Also Rey Oma, Portina, La Azora, Mozart, Sino, HI Wadora, and Red Dot Cigars. Two Views of Missing tiirl Thought Slain Henrietta Bulte, fourteen % years old, a Harlem schoolgirl, vanished mysteriously throe weeks ago when sent to the Harlem Savings Bank to mako a deposit. profiteering by organised capital and middlemen and retailer*. . We km (kallrifr te <?7 that flagrant, latfefraalbl* prrtlMrlif baa k?ta the rale with erguM cap ital aad aalddleasea, bath durlag aad alaee the war, aad that the pabllc has ktea aad la mw vlrtaairy at the aaerey af laaatlable aperulatera aad eaaaeleaeeleaa tlnaaeinl gheulai that lahar la, geaeral aad rallraad lahar la Hrtle?lar aat only haa aat prefl trfNd either darlag ar alaea the war, hat haa aetually aaflerrd aed la aaf frrtag hecaunr af the yntlrtrlai by ergaalaed rapltali that wage laereaaea have beea the reaaN aad aat the eaaae at price larrraaea, ar that the par rbaalag pawer at railroad labar la ae tually leaa thaa It km befare the war. FffiEt DISTRICT I0INS MEXICO PLOT Rebel Chiefs Say Revolt Will Sweep the Entire Country. (Continued from First rare.) with Liberal constitutionalist leaders, presumably to negotiate for the plac ing of Villa's army binder the rebel standard. It is reported that Gen. P. Ellas Calles. commander-in-chief of the revolutionists, already has re ceived a long letter froin the bandit leader, offering his services uncondi tionally and naming as his whole de sire that he "be not humiliated." The latter is reported to state that he seeks no personal advantages from the revolution, but is "fighting for the common people." DIEGUEZ REPRIMANDED FOR GETTING INTO TRAP General Murguia. whom Carranza recently placed in command of all Federal troops In the Mexico City district, has issued a manifesto cen suring General Pleguez, federal com mander In the Guadlajare district, for allowing himself to be "bottled up" In Guadalajara with his forco of 8,000 men, according to reports re ceived today at thhe Sonora revolu tionary agency here. Early In April Carranza placed Dieguez at tlio head of what was regarded as the best federal army, and ordered him to advance Into Slnaloa from the south and clean up the revolution ther>- before It had a chance to spread. Dieguez never got beyond Guadalajara, where Is Is now reported to be surrounded. To Murguia, Carranza on May .1 as signed the task <>f di fending Mexico City from the erebcls advancing from Morelos on the south and Chihuahua on the north. His attack on General Dieguez is interpreted by revolution ary agents here as an admission that the ariny at Guadalajara Is lost to the federal cause. The federal garrison at Vera Cruz | has revolted and left city with out disorder, according to reports reaching Washington today. The state government of Vera Crux has been removed from Cordoba to Vera Cruz, and according to the reports rebel activity tliroiiKhout the state Is Increasing. The customs guard at Nuevo l.ardeo has declared for the revolutionists, and the Pan-American railway from chihuahua to the Uuatemnlan border is held by the revolutionists. WOOD GETS 15, JOHNSON 13, NEW JERSEY'S VOTES TR15NTON, N. .T? May 8?New Jer. sey will send fifteen delegates to the Republican national convention pledged to vote for MaJ. Gen. l.ennard Wood, and thirteen delegates pledged to vote for Senator Hiram Johnson, according to a Hat of delegates sl> large and delegates, made public at the office of the Secretary of State today. QUIZ CANDIDATES ON SOVIET NBW YORK. May s The national civic federation of wh ch Judge \lton I*. Parker. Dcmo< ratic candidate fur President in Is prrsldrnt. today addressed a questionnaire to Presi dential candidates requesting a state, ment of their pn*it nn on the question of ret-ognliing soviet Itusala. POLICE IN ERIN - THREATEN STRIKE Royal Constabulary Demands Better Protection From ? Government. LONDON. May l-Tkt Royal Irish ooMUboUrr U tbr?tt?Bli| a i?n?nl strike unless the government devlaea batter natko4a of prolactins the polloe la Ireland, according to a Bel fast dispatch tp the Htar. Tha Royal Irlah constabulary la charged with moat of tha pollca work In Ireland. Recently thera have been many aaa*aslnatlona of officer*. ' JUDGE HAIGHT RESIGNS. JCRSKT CITY. N. May 8. -.Judge Tbomaa J. Haight, of the United .state# Clixult Court of Appeals. today tendered hla resignation to Prealdent Wilson. He wll) reaume the private practice of law.' Judge Height waa appointed In 1914 to the United States District Court ?nd a year ago was appointed to his present position. Orgy of Spending Tightens H. C. L. Noose On D. C., Says Senator That there Is a "spending orgy" In Washington, and that the city Itself Is to blame "for pulling the noose around Its neck," so far as the high cost of living is concerned, is the conviction of Senator Ellison D. Smith of South Carollnia. "Extravagance In this city has gone to unheard of limits," he said. "No wonder there is a vicious circle of price increases." Senator Smith, with his wife, re cently made a tour of Investigation among Washington's shops, restau rants. and hotels, and said he was amaxed at what he said. Peopl^ spending money gayly. rccklessly, paying high prices for food without thought, bedecked in raiment 'which at existing prices placed a premium on profiteering- this, the Senator be lieves. tells its own story about high prices. "As long as this thing continues," ho said, "high prices will contlnue. and the temptation to profiteer will bo Irresistible. "There can be no restoration to normal conditions as long as con sumption is far ahead In the race with production, and at the present [ time the people of Washington are 1 consuming more goods than ever before In tho city's history. "I have never seen anything like the present situation. , Little restau rants ail charging the very limit as to prices and serving poor food, are springing up everywhere, showing i that more and more people are dining out, getting away from the very fun damental of a safe national existence, which Is the home and borne life. I'eople are spending more money on flashy clothes than ever before, both men and women. High prices do not feeze them. "It seems to me that the law should f nd some means of discouraging peo ple from buying at the present time. It Is imperative for the. future of the country that consumption slacken and production speed up. "The overalls movement, the old clothes movement, all are in line with good economic sense. But I do not see that they have made any great lilt in Washington. But one of these days the city will wake up to the realization that it has got to stop and get back to a common-tense basis. U.S. NAVY GREATEST EXPERT TO MAKE IN WORLD-BENSON D C. SCHOOL SURVEY - Chief of Operations Says Our Senators Investigating System Sea Force Excelled When > Decide to Have Scientific In War Ended. | spection of Organization. The United States had "the largest naval power the world has ever seen" at the time of the armistice. Rear Ad miral Benson, chief of Naval Opera tion during the war today told the Senate sub-committee investigating the conduct of the war by the Navy Department. Benson was being cross examined by Senator Pittman, Democrat, of Ne vada. "Was any navy so well equipped In war?" Senator Pittman asked. "We had more than 500,000 officers and men at flic armistice, which was a greater number than the British. It was le^ognlccd as the largest naval power the world has ever seen,' Ben son replied. "The expansion of the United States Navy was great after war was declared." Benson did not explain his state ment further. He told of the work of his office during the war. Answer ing cltnrges there was friction among the allies, Benson declared "at one time the French naval attache ac cused me of showing partiality to the British. I put my foot on that, as the policy of the department was to co operate with all the allies." "Troops were taken to France as fast as they were trained were they not?" Pittman asked. "Vcs," Benson declared. "You had definite plans for opera tions?'' Pittman continued. "We had, and they could be sefn luring the war at my office outlined in the most minute detail." Benson said. Tlie a?l\atlaalat* aapi "NO matter If the haby la Mwlru, II la warth Ita Wright In |*M I* Ike aallaa If kraackt wp lata a n?rtkakll> rill A new survey of the District pchool system In to be made under the direc tion of the Senate District sub-com mittee In the near future. Senators Capper, Dillingham, Har rison and Walsh, of Massachusetts, desire to supplement their tours of Inspection around the schools with the views and recommendations of expert counsel and for that reason are planning: to bring an educational au thority to Washington to make a com plete report on the entire system. The sub-committee does not expert that any of ils work will result In legislation at the present session of Congress. There Is a possibility that a measure reorganizing the Board of Education- -placing the appointing power In the President. Instead of In the District Supreme Court, and re ducing the board membership?mav be passed before next December, but any recommendations Involving In creased appropriations for the schools necessarily will go over until the next session, since the District bill already Is In conference. Senator Capper today stated thai the committee would make Its report on the school Investigation to the Senate before June 1 and that the survey will be opened shortly after ward. unless present plans are changed. URGED MILK PRICE BOOST. BOBTON, May N.?A copy of an al leged letter In which a milk pro ducers' organisation advised a farmer lo dispose of his rows so aa to cur tail production, and thua boost the prlca of milk was read Into the evi dence at the baartng b?tng conducted by Attorney Oeneral Allan. SAN CARLO ARTISTS GIVE DOUBLE BILL Soloists Evoke Enthusiasm in "Cavalleria" and "Pagliacci." Capacity Audience. Brilliant performance! of the dramatic opera*. "Cavalleria Rua tlcana." by Maacagni, and "I Pagliac ci," by Leoncavallo, were given laat night by the Ban Carlo Grand Opara Company before an enthualaetlc ca pacity audience at the Hbubert Belaa co Theater . Blngera In both worka were recalled many tlmea. "Cavalleria," the flrat opera, waJ conducted by Chalmer* Clifton, an American. Hie work throughout waa excellent. especially In the famoua "Intermesao," at the cloae ot which he received an ovation. One of the flnest polnta waa the alnglng of Paola Oalaxxl aa Alflo. Hla voice waa splendidly suited to the role and he made the moat of the dramatic dueta with Hantuiaa and with Turlddu Juat before the cloae of the opera. Romeo Boacaccl who made hla flrat appearance In Wasb Ington In "Lucia dl Umra?ri?oor" laat year, waa Yery effective aa Tur Iddu. The beautiful "Blclllana'." aung during the prelude, waa done with great tone beauty, fltella He Mette made a tragic Ban tuzaa. The pari of Lola waa weLI taken by Dorla Fernanda and Allcr Homer appeared In the part of Mama Lucia. The performance of "Pagllacrl" waa exceptionally good. Auguato Ordog naa, a a Tonlo, aang with rare effect the difficult prologue and waa forced to repeat the beautiful melody at the cloae. Hla ability aa a comedian wax well shown In act two. Queena Mario waa delightful In the part of the I wayward Nedda and her alnglng >of I tha dainty "Ohe colo d'angelll waa I one of the brlghteat point* In the opera. Oulaeppe Agoatlnl portrayed dra matically the part ?f the Jealousy erased Canlo. He waa at hla beat In ("Veatl la glubba." the powerful cloae of act one. and In the "No, Pagllaccio non aon," Jua^ preceding the flnal [tragedy. Luciano Roaalnl. aa Harle |quln, waa good In the serenade behind tha scenes. Paola Ualasal sang the part of Silvio well, though he was not aa well suited to this part as to the Lenin Orders Sprint Clean-up in Big Cities; Everybody Tikes Hum! UJNDON, May ?A (enenl eprtag cleaning of ail the big cltki of Kumu under Lenla'a ? way now In progress. All P?tro|ri4 citlaana. woman and children mora than eight yaara old. have had to devote ihree houre a day to the general clean iig up. All dirt and rubbish inuat be removed. Kvery huuar must organise a "repair can*" among I La occu panta and mend -as far aa ma terial la available?*11 broken windows and doors and boles la flooring and roofs. part of Alflo In the preceding opera. The Ban Carlo company closes It* week of opera tonight with Verdi's "II Trovatore." "Carmen." the dra matic op'ra of Blast, Is given this afternoon? CHAMBER OF COMMERCE NAMES 4 COMMITTEES Members Appointed to Carry On Law and U|i?litioi Work of Trade Body. your subcommittees of the law and legislation committee of the Washing ? >n Chamber of Commerce were ap pointed at a meeting last nlglft at I he Wlllard Hotel The following were named chair men of the subcommittees: John 12. .askey. criminal law; Charles W. Darr. public utilities; Hiss Mary O'Toole. schools, and A. Leftwlch Sinclair, miscellaneous. I The committees will consider the legality of all laws proposed by the District Commissioners or by the com mittees In Congress effecting tha Dis trict. The bill changing the lunacy laws f the District, now before Congress, vaa referred to the subcommittee on ulscellsneous law. James T. Lloyd, presided. RUSSIA READY TO TREAT. IXJNDON, May 8.?M. Tchltcheron, the Bolshevist foreign mlnieter, wire lessed a message to Lord Curson. the British foreign minister, atatlng that Uusala Is ready to negotiate for a Ruaao-Brltlsh agreement of the wid est scope. 2 VALEDICTORIANS ' AT EASTERN HIGH Commencement Exercises to Be Held There Next Month. "Tsachars, friend*. fallow st? dent??" "Tucbirt. friend*, fellow stu dtnli?" That la the way it will ba beard at the commencement aierclaea of Beat am High School next month. There will be two valedictory ad dreaaes, one by Mlaa Helen Black and one by Charlaa Unhtm. The faculty ended three weaka of nerve-trying labor yesterday by coming to tbla declalon on the high class honor. Mr. Lanhkm and Miss Black have been rivals for claas honora aver since they came out of grammar school /our years ago. With selective courses, they have taken up dlCfarant courses of study, but at the end of thla year they were running mack and neck. The race haa attracted much lata* eat among students, which interest haa communicated Itself to the fac ulty members, and the decision haa been the principal subject at a dozen or more faculty meetings. ltecorda of both students have bean traced back to the original claas books, but It baa been Impossible to make My dlacrlmlnatlon. Yesterday the old plan of "drawing cuts" was proposed, but It was deemed unfair that a place suppeaad to be decided on merit should be awarded on chance at the end of the raea. Bastern High School will poaalbly set a precedent by having two vale dlctoriana. LODENDORFF RETURNS AFTER 5 WEEKS HIDING BERLIN. May 8.?-General Luden dorff haa returned to his residence in Vlctorlastrasse after a mysterious Ave weeks' absence. His whereabouts have been un known In Berlin, and It Is popularly, aupposed that he has been In hiding for fear of investigation in connec tion with the von Kapp episode. Sealed TtehtrKept Right! 4 After a hearty meal youll avoid that stuffy feeQtuL if yoircbew a stick of WRIGLEYS Other benefits: to teeth, breath, appetite, nerves.' That's a stood deal to tfet for 5 cents!