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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, May 28, 1920, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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?ht UJashfitrfon Wims
number 11jh5. Washington, fhioav evening, may 28. 1920. towh? w fcwt fd??l
Secretary of War Baker Attacks Shipping Bill, Demanding That It Be Revised
Worth Having? Worth Buy
More Purity Coming.
Mr. Mustapha Kemal.
Will You Fight Him7
(Copyright. 1??0)
[ Universal Service announce# that
? the fund to make General Wood
President amount# thus far to ,
two millions. Mr. Procter, head
of the Wood political organisation,
Bays ingenuously, "The men that
contribute large sums do not like
to have their names known." ?
/ Why not? Is it not a virtuous
thing to spend your money, your
half million or your quarter of a
million, to transform a general of
transcendent political genius into
a President?
Why are they ashamed of their
i effort to make General Wood
President? What promises were
made when the large checks were
drawn? Were those promises of
a kind that the check-givers would
not like to have published?
And how much chance do you
think General Wood has of being
nominated for the Presidency of
the United States, now that the
people know that while he was
only just "warming up," it seemed
worth while to the "right people"
to scrape together two millions to
start him?
The people arc fools, or the men
that supplied the two millions?
and the rest of the pile?have
wasted their money.
"It hath not yet been shown
what we shall be." If you doubt
it, ask William Jennings Byran.
We thought we were fairly pure,
what with the Mann Act, highly
beneficial to morals, and to black
mailers, and what with prohibition
act, but from Mr. Byran you learn
that we have only started. There
is to be a "single standard for
both sexes" law.
Whoever tries any double stand
ard experiment will be dragged to
the police station as though he
were nothing better than an im
moral woman.
Not only that, says Mr. Byran,
"it is to be written into our Con
Before they finish that will be
a fat Constitution.
You may live to see your Con
stitution ft sort of a literary areop
agus with Bryan or some other
super-virtuous one chief areop
agite. You may even see the 1920
areopagite putting his son in
jail for dancing the wrong kind
of a "jazz," as the ancient areop
agite put his son to death for
plucking out the eyes of u sparrow.
Read part of a cable from Paris
to the New York Times. It tells
how anxious Europe is that the
United States should accept the
mandate for Armenia and con
tinues: "To have American
troops put Mustaoha Kemal out of
what President Wilson regards as
the property of Armenia would <lo
much to discrwi't the Nationalist
leader who thveatens to make so
much trouble for the British and
French as well as Italian and
Greek interests in enforcing the
Wouldn't you like to hav* your
son conscripted to be sent abroad
to put Mustapha Kemal out of
what President Wilson regards as
the property of Armfcnia?
Isn't it your heart's desire that
young men here be conscripted to
"save British, French, as well as
Italian and Greek," from trouble
in enforcing their treaty?
Could you imagine any man,
partly sane, demanding that young
men of this country be sent to
contract disease and be shot, to
dispose of Mr. Mustapha Kemal.
Let us first put our own Mus
tapha Kemal, whose other name is
Profiteering, out of our territory.
France, England, Italy, and Greece
may do their own worrying about
Armenia. ,
If you want a war with Russia,
you can get it, with an Armenian
or Turkish mandate. Europe
knows it. Read a little more of the
Times dispatch:
"To have an American military
harrier against the entrance of the
Bolsheviki into Turkey is a thin*
much to be desired by the Allies,
and to have American ability and
money make a stable state out of
the unstable structure the Allies
have erected would be not only to
the interest of Armenia, but to all
the nations interested in Turkey."
) . What do you think of "Repub
lican leaders," names not given,
' who tell the New York Times that
disclosures about the campaign
fund of two millions for Wood,
etc., "endanger Hiram Johnson's
Why should those revelations in
jure Hiram Johnson? The answer
is simple. Senator Borah, friend
of Hiram, both radicals, and rep
resentatives of the people, is the
man that started the investigation
of campaign funds.
The "Republican leaders" say
the revelations will hurt the Re
publican party, and the Republican
party, if you please, will get
even by rejecting Johnson.
In other words, because Johnson
has a friend who brings out the
truth about efforts to buy the
Presidency, Johnson will be de
feated for the nomination.
That may be the idea of some
"Republican leaders" belonging to
the gang that think what is worth
1 having is worth buying. But it
r floes not apply to twenty million
voters in tnis country that would
vote for Johnson if they had a
Loughbrickland Barracks and
Coast Guard Station
Two Police Burned to Death
When Barracks at Kilmal
lock Are Destroyed.
The llnuae Foreign Affair* Com
?iltrr thla afteraooa, by a vole of
11 to T, reported favorably a reaola
tlon ripmalai "aollrl?ade for
roadlttoaa" la 1 reload. nnd derlar
la( (hat tkr Hoaae "riirnwa Ita
?rafatkr with th? wlah of thr
Irlah pfoplr for a (snraarat of
their own cholrr."
preaa for early actloa oa the reao>.
DUBLIN, May 28.?War with the
torch spread to new quarters of
Ireland today.
Dublin castle reported that a coast
guard station in County Kerry was
raided and burned.
At Curragh the stores of the royal
engineers were destroyed.
The barracks at Loughbrickland
and a castle at Caulfield were wiped
out by an incendiary blaze.
The telegraph wires between Dun
gannon and Omagh were cut.
A squadron of two British battle
ships and several destroyers has ar
rived at Londonderry.
LONDON. May 28.?Two policeman
were burned to death and a civilian
was wounded In an attack upon the
Barracks at Kilmallock, Ireland, to
day, said an Exchange Telegraph dis
patch from Cork. The wires leading
into the town were cut.
A human heart Is reported to have
been found impaled upon the cow
catcher of a locomotive at Limerick,
when the train came into the station.
BELFAST, May 28.?The Unionist
Council, presided over by Sir Edward
Carson, has decided to exclude the
counties oC Monaghan. Cavan, and
Donegal from the Ulster parliament,
it was announced this afternoon.
Binghampton Firm Found Guilty on
All Eight Counts Charged
in Indictment.
STRACU8E, N. Y.. Mav 28?Justice
Martin T. Manton, in United States
court, fined Wood's Inc., Blnghamton
clothiers, >31,000 today, Immediately
after a jury had found the firm guilty
on all eight counts of an Indictment
charging profiteering
Department of Justice agents ob
tained the evidence upon which the
Federal indictments were brought.
This Is the first sentence here under
the anti-proflteerlng act.
No Paper Monday
Readers of The Times
are hereby notified that
there will be no paper
Monday, May 31.
This action is taken for
the double purpose of pro
viding a holiday for Times
employes and of aiding in
conservation of print pa
G. O. P. Must Accept
Blame For Delay In
Raising Postal Pay
When a situation of great injustice
arises and is prolonged by the fail
ure of the people's representatives
to act, it is always desirable to fix
the responsibility.
Kor nearly fifteen months the
Congress permitted workers in the
postal service to suffer under an
average of pay little more than half
the cost of normal living.
This long delay was not neccssary.
I f the joint Postal Commission need- ?
cd more than fourteen months to dis
cover that prices had risen and that
the meager pay schedules of pre
war times, with only a slight war
time bonus added, were utterly in
sufficient to meet them, the Congress
pending a final revision, might easily
have authorized an adequate emerg
ency increase. Instead, it voted
only one bonus of $150 a year and
limited that to men receiving less
than $2,500.
Employes on Verge of Despair.
We recognize that the readjust
ment of an intricate wage schedule
is not the work of a moment. There
is probably warrant for the detailed
investigation which the Postal Com
mision has made.
It has performed a useful and
necessary work in going directly to
the postal workers in the principal
cities for first-hand information as
to working conditions. It has laid
the foundation for many desirable
But it did not need more than
fourteen months to do this. And if
it did, why should there not have
been an ample ad interim allowance.
No well conducted private busi
ness would have driven its faithful
workers to the verge of despair
while awaiting the findings of a
leisurely board of adjusters.
It would have met the wage crisis
as It arose by a sufficient general
grant and left the readjustment to a
more convenient season.
Men Have Been Starved Out.
The consequence of this long de
lay by the Congress is that thou
sands of competent men have been
starved out of the postal service and
their places taken, at advanced pay,
by inferior substitutes. The service
itself has become demoralized. And
there has been no real economy; in
Director of Geological Survey
Declares Priority Rule Ap
pears Inevitable.
Restrictions on gasoline consump
tion must come soon, George Otis
Smith, director of the United States
Geological Survey. declared before
the American Iron and Steel Institute
"The ever increasing demand for
gasoline and fuel oil are the out- j
standing oil needs so that the ques
tion of priority must soon arise,' Mr.
Smith said. "Fuel oil in locomotives
and stationary steam plants must
give way to the demand for this fuel
by the Navy and the merchant ma
rine, which alone this year require
one-third of the output of fuel oil."
The last ten years, he continued,
might be called an "oil decade."
Gushers and oil booms, he said, have
doubled domestic production while do
mestic consumption has more than
doubled. There has been a transition
from an oversupply to an over-ue
mand. Smith stated.
With an estimate of 7,000.000,000
barrels of oil In the ground, and the
19-0 consumption close to half a nil
lion barrels, he warned, this pace
cannot long be continued.
"Regard for the future forces us
both to plan to use less and to import
more oil," ha continued. He said
pioneering for oil in foreign fields by
American capital will help, and point
ed out also that Mexican oil has be
come an absolutely necessary part of
our supply."
Tresldent Wilson's veto of the Knox
resolution will be called up In the
House this aftsrnoon by Chairman
Porter and a vote demanded on the
question of overriding It. the House
Foreign Affairs Committee decided
this afternoon.
If yon rnatemplate a trip (? \ev?
I ark. Iter Wulilsim Time* Hotel
?areas will, tvltkaal eMrft. re
?erve rMM far rM. Tall Mala UN.
Ulead, injustice has been &upple
raented by waste.
Good men with efficiency records
of long standing who remain out of
loyalty have to work alongside
emergency employes without experi
ence for less pay per hour than is
required to secure this inferior
emergency labor.
It does not require a profound
knowledge of human nature to un
derstand that such an unjust con
dition is destructive of good feeling.
Our postal service has become dis
tinctly bad, but the marvel is that
it has not broken down. Nothing
but the amazing loyalty of the re
maining veterans in our postal army
has kept it from going wholly to
pieces. Throughout all these weary
mouths of harrowing deprivations,
of exhaustion of savings, of going
into debt, they have clung to the be
lief that when the public understood
it would insist upon fair treatment.
Public Now Understands.
The public at last is beginning to
Congressmen are being deluged
with telegrams and letters urging
them to pay these patient and faith
ful workers a living wage.
In place of long-maintained si
lence, Congressmen are at last be
ginning to show signs of interest.
Not a day now passes without some
member volunteering an explanation,
apology or promise.
The leisurely Postal Commission
has "completed its hearings," is
"formulating its report," its mem
bers are "unanimous," something
will "surely be done."
But, according to present plans,
the Congress intends to adjourn,
either in recess or finally, before the
Chicago convention. In its final
hours its calendar is always jam
med. The steering committees of
the two Houses have made no pro
vision to list the postal pay bill
among the measures to receive pref
erential consideration.
Indications of Delay.
On the contrary, there are some
indications of an intent among the
Republican leaders to postpone action
until December.
The House floor leader, Mr. Mon
(Continued on Page -, Column 1!.)
Secret Negotiations Now Under
Way May End Career of Mexi
can Bandit Chief.
MEXICO CITY, May 28.?Negotla- j
tlons for the surrender of Francisco;
Villa and all h's followers to the new
Mexican government, headed by Pro
visional President de la Huerta, are
under way. It is expected that the
Villistas will yield within the next
few days, according; to a statement
made by Gen. P. Elias Callen today.
General Calles refused to divulge the
terms offered to Villa.
On recommendation of Gen. Alvaro
Obregon. the senate has appointed
Francisco Gonzales, chief magistrate
of the supreme court, to head a com
minion to invextigate more fully the
killing of former President Carranza.
Manuel Malbran. dean of the Diplo
matic Corps, has sent a note to Juan
Sanchez Azcona. acting minister of
foreign affairs, stating that all of the
ofTlcial Information regarding Car
ranza's death has been given to the
embassies and legations (or transmis
sion to the various foreign govern
ments represented here.
The note says that the data were
"received with due reserve and that j
the diplomats recognized the char- l
acter antl source of the information." I
Rodolfo Herrero, head of the rebel I
band that assassinated Carranza, had
not arrived In Mexico City when this
dispatch was sent, but was reported
to be on his way here under heavy
guard of Federal troops. The govern
ment expects to have further Informa
tion for the Diplomatic Corps after
Herrero Is questioned.
? I
The Senate late this afternoon went |
into executive session to consider the
nomination of John Van Schalck a*
District Commissioner.
George I,. Harrison today realgned
as general counsel of the Federal He- |
nrrvr floard to become deputy gover i
nor of the Federal reserve bank of I
New York. I
Philippine Trade Endangered by
I Terms of Merchant Marine
Recommitment to Senate Will
Be Sought by Congressman
Hardy at Conference.
More bad features of the Mer
chant Marine bill passed by (he
Senate are being uncovered a* mem
bers of the Senate and House de
vote themselves to a study of its
New Annie of Opposition.
A new angle of opposition to the
measure han been developed by rep
resentatives of the Philippine Island*
and of Alaska, who have found In the
bill provision." which will destroy
their coastwise traffic.
Secretary Baker yesterday raae
?at la (rfMlH** t? Mil M ke
kalf or the I'hlllppinr ind Alaskan
Interest*. He neat a ?irons letter ?(
prat rat ?o foagreasman Hifu Har
dy Of Texaa, oae of tkr House eua
fereea aa tke kill, arglif klaa ta ttgki
tkr aseaavrr la Che eoafrreare.
BIU I'sin Rsifltlss.
Tke fart tkat tkeae pravlalaaa are
eralalsrt la tke kill kaa created a
feel lag ?' rmr'~*? acalsst tke ea
tlra M?u*r?.
Maay mrmbera ?f tke Resale and
H*sae v* Wflaslsg ta kelleve tkey
dkre la??aaad ipsa wken tkey liat
eaed ta the Senators wka urged
I adaption af tke kill.
The uncovering of the easy man
ner for turning over the American
merchant fleet to private shipping in
terests and the injury to tlie Philip
pine and Alaskan coastwise shipping
convince Congressman Hardy that the
bill Is thoroughly bad and should
never be passed. He will seek to
have it recommitted to the Senate
when the conference meets.
Secretary Baker's letter to Hardy
"Mv Desr Mr. Hardy?I have Just
received ? from Manila the following
" The United States Chamber of
Commerce of Manila, which Includes
all Important mercantile interests of
the Philippine Islands, reapectfully
but energetically protests to Con
gress against any proposed legisla
tion looking toward tlie extension of
the coastwise laws of the United
States to include the Philippine Is
lands, because such extension would
confine all carriage of freight be
tween the Philippine Islands and the
United States to American bottoms.
Baker Asks For Amendment.
" 'The elimination of competition
w ould Inevitably result In the very
considerable increase of freight rates,
thus decreasing the value of Phlllp
Ipine raw material now exported to
[America, and also putting American
(Continued on I'age Column U.)
i For a Slogan
Tkr Wnaklngton Times hereby
offers to pay 111 for a slogan for
I Washington.
Headers of Tke Times are In
vited to sabmlt tkelr Ideas to tkr
Mlogan Kdltor.
Among tke many tklnga which
go to boost n community Is a
slogaa, which sets forth clrarly,
honestly, and succinctly tke spirit
nnd alms of tkr community.
The Times believes tkat Wash
ington needs a slognn. and la of.
frrlng tkla prlae of 9X1 In tkr
spirit Of krlpfulnras to tke com
munity. Tke following rules will
govern tkls rntrrprlsri
I. suggestions must He drily
ercd by mall or In person In rn
* elopes nddressed to tke Slogan
Kdltor. Tke Wnsblngton Times.
3. Slogan must rontnln not more
than si* words.
X Slogan must kr peculiar and
trplml of Washington, In tkr es
timation of tke Judges.
4. Nut more thnn two sugges
tions from any Individual will be
B. Tkla enterprlac la opri to all
persons wltkout regnrd to tkrlr
residence In Wnsklagton sr
whrfhrr or not tkry are readers
?f Tke Tlmea.
0. Tke M.1 reward will ke gives
to tkat prrson who. In the deris
ion of the Judges, shall bare sub
mitted tke most Biting and bene
tlrlal slogan.
T. Tke Judges of tkr content
? kail ke tkr presiding officers of
tkr arvrrnl organlpnt Ion* of
Wsaklnaton madr up of buslurss
and professlonnl men nnd women.
h. All answers maat ke la at IB
The Senate, in executive session, this after
noon rejected the nomination of John Van
Schaick, jr., as District Commissioner, without
taking a record vote.
The rejection came after forty minutes of de
bate dealing with the alleged unfitness of the for
mer clergyman to serve as head of the District
Speeches against the confirmation of Van
Schaick were made by Senators Myers, Sherman,
and King. Senator Morris Sheppard of Texas
spoke in favor of it.
Government Is Urged to
Keep and Run Ships
THERE seemf to be & concerted power at work to dis
* pose of our ships at a great financial loss. There was
never greater haste in any legislation than in a mad desire
to get rid of our late acquisition of a merchant marine.
While I am very much in favor of seeing private capi
tal embark in the business of operating these ships under
the American flag, I am bitterly opposed to selling the
ships at slaughter sale prices, either to big capital or to
little capital.
Government ownership may be necessary for some
years in order to demonstrate that American ships can
sail the seas as profitably as the ships of any other nation.
When this has been demonstrated, American capital
and private enterprise will take up navigation and tranft
portation overseas and put Ameirca in the forefront of
the carrying nations of the world.
We now have the commerce and we have the ships
and nothing but a blind or short-sighted policy will reduce
us to our pre-war condition of being a great country
without a merchant marine.
Under the name of Americanism this bill carries a
provision requiring our coastwise ships' companies.to
have 100 per cent of their oapital owned by American
citizens and 75 of their overseas shipping interest must
likewise be American citizens.
This pretends to appeal to Americanism, but it really
is in the interest of the big money interests of the United
States, and would prevent small concerns from financing
a shipping enterprise.
I was one of the eight members of the House who
voted against the Shipping bill when it passed the House
in November.
My chief reason for opposing the measure was my
firm conviction that if the United States is going to have
an adequate and successful merchant marine, the Gov
ernment has got to run it.
Private interests have demonstrated beyond all doubt
their absolute inability to maintain the American mer
chant flag in the place to which it is entitled and where
the interests of the nation demand that it must be. It
was under private operation of American ships that this
country fell from its dominating position on the seas to
a state of virtually no power whatever in the carrying
trade of the world.
The Hearst newspapers are making a wonderful fight
to save the ships. They have shown up the situation in
its real light, and the result will be a determined fight
against adopting the conference report when it comes up.
An embargo on the export of auitar
in provided In the McNary augar bill,
favorably reported today by the Sen
ate Agriculture Committee by a vote
of 6 to 3.
The embargo will not affect raw
nuiar *ent to the United Mtntn for
refining hv cltlgena or the govern
rocnta of other countrlra
The bill I* aimed to reduce the high
coil pf iu|ir.
I.ONDON, May 28. ? War between
the Polea and Cxecho-Slovaka hae
broken out In Tegchen, formerly a
part of Austrian Slleala, and 1100
men were killed In a battle on Thurn
day. according to a Vienna dlapatch
to the t>all.v Kxpreaa today.
1'lghting with rlflea and machine
gun* hap been In progreaa In the
Katwln dlatrict alnce Wednesday,
and th? civil population la La flight.
Candidate Paid Own Way In
Nebraska, Fund Probers
Told by Harrison.
Fifty Salaried Stumpers for
Wood in One State, Wit
ness Asserts.
Senator Hiram W. Johnson, candi
date for the Republican nomination
for the Presidency, Rave explicit or
ders that his campaign managers
were "to keep expenses down, as
they hadn't much money to spend,"
according to Frank A. Harrison,
publisher of the Tribune, of Lincoln,
Neb., and manager of Senator John
son's campaign in that State, who
appeared today before the Senate
committee investigating campaign
expenditures and contributions.
Harrison said he had received
$1,800 from Johnson's California
headquarters toward the expenses of
the Nebraska campaign.
Hadn't Much Money.
Harrison uM hla iMtniftloH from
Jokani'a aaufrn were to
n^uri aa they hada't ???I'
o?an~> <a spead."
^ He read a number of contribution*
to the Johnson campaign 1n Nebritr
ka totaling $1 ,?li' Of thl?, only $?13
was "sent In" by residents of the
I State. Harrison said.
I am still out $75 of my own
money, although the campaign cost
me less than a campaign ever coat
me before," Harrison added.
When Johnson and Senator Norrls
of Nebraska campaigned the State,
Harrison said, his bUls amounted to'
only I1UX.41. Johnson and Norrls
paid their own traveling expenses.
"What are your policies?" Senator
Reed, Democrat. Missouri, asked.
"To And out what the people want
and then to be with them," Harri
son replied, amid laughter.
"What would you have done If you
had been given 1500,000 for your
campaignT' Senator Reed inquired.
"1 would have done what other cam
paign managers have done?I would
have divided It among my friends,"
Harrison responded.
laughter swept the crowded hear*
ing room.
"You observed, of course, the tac
tics of Mr. Johnson's antagonists?
the Wood people, for instance?"
"My observation ana the W*i
pie had about ?fty aalarled proplo
traveling about the State."
Advertised la Omaha.
Harrlaoa said the "Wood pespta
plaatercd the Llacola aad Omaha
newspapers with page advertise
ments." Senator Hlteheaek'a paper,
the Omaha World Herald, "carried m
lot of them." he added.
"Does the Omaha-World-Herald
charge all Presidential candidates tha
same rate for advertising." inquired
Senator Kenyon.
"It does," Harrison answered.
Senator Kenyon read into the rec
ord a letter from Col. James McClur*
Guffev, of Pittsburgh, former Demo
cratic "Boss" of Pennsylvania, deny
ing he had contributed to the Palmer
When former Congressman C. C.
Carlin of Virginia. Palmer's campaign
manager, testified. Wednesday. Joseph
F. Guffey. of Pittsburgh, millionaire
oil magnate, had given $10,000 to Pal
mer's campaign. Colonel Guffey was
credited with being the contributor
referred to. Colonel OufTey Is Joseph
F. Guffey's uncle, but is an antl-P*!
mer man In Pennsylvania politics
and a political feud exists between
liim and his nephew.
tiuffey'a I.eller.
The Guffey letter follows:
"Pittsburgh. Pa.. May -7.
"Hon William S. Kenyon.
' Washington, D. C.
"Dear Senator?The Associated
Press yesterday reported that C. C
Carlin, campaign manager (or Pal
mer made the statement to your com
mittee that James McClurg Guffev, of
Pennsylvania, had contributed $10,000
to the Palmer campaign fund.
"I am the person referred to. and
the statement Is absolutely untrue. I
did rot contribute a dollar to
Palmer's campaign fund either In
Pennsylvania or any other State
"If the statement referred to la
correct. T will appreciate It if you
will have denial read Into the Record.
"Thanking you In advance, I am
"Very sincerely yours,
rail Political Writer.
T/ouls J. I-ang. a political writer
for the New York American, was call
ed following Harrison.
Lang said he wrote recent article*
In the New York American about an
alleged McAdon "?lush fund" and
about Iternnrd M Uaruch's denial h?
WM financing William <; M; A done
l*irsl?lrntial boom having stirred tb#
(Continued on Page I, Co I u ma 2.)

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