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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, August 16, 1920, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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V Who Shall Dominate?
I Harding's Four Points,
f Japan's Worry.
Lenin's Newest Idea.
(Copyrtftot. It I? )
Cox says Republican Senator*,
| In opposing the Peace League, are
"trying to annex the Presidency
of the United States to their domination."
May be so, but that would pleaae
L Americans at least as well as to
I have Mr. Cox, as advocate of the
Peace League, annex the whole
United States to the domination of
. Europe.
As between control of the
United States by Republican Sen,
a tors and domination by a European
council, the people of this
country would prefer the Republican
Senators, however little they
may think of Republican Senators
Senator Harding announces his
Presidential fight on four issoes
??" Labor, Peace League, Farm
and Tariff." As the fight will be
against the Peace League, that
makes four American issues. The
four issues may not be exactly
ideal or complete Irom every
standpoint, but they compare favorably
with four such issues, for
instance, as "Bessarabia, Mesopotamia,
Armenia, Siberia."
To have a candidate for President
of the United States apparently
taking interest in things
that concern the United States is
a refreshing change from Czechoslovakia
and the fourteen little
points east of the Atlantic ocean.
Japan, for a change, has something
to worry about more important
than the fact that California
does not want her land owned
by the Japanese, or the color of
her population changed to yellow.
The Japanese worry about China.
They suspect a social revolution
there, and well they may suspect
it, considering that the Russian
Bolshevists have been very busy on
Chinese soil.
Naturally, Japan does not like
the idea of having right next door
hundreds of millions of Chinese inspired
with the Bolshevist spirit
and the Bolshevist fighting capacity.
If a ferret, preparing to eat
a nice fat rabbit, saw the rabbit
turning into a wolf, that wouldn't
please the ferret. Japan, prepar|
ing to swallow nice fat China, is
not pleased with the idea of a Bolshevist
China that may turn
around and swallow Japan.
Russia announces her plan to reI
duce the regular army of Poland
to 50,000 men, and at the same
time supplying the workmen of
Poland, especially those organized
in workmen's unions, all the arms
they want. Lent.) says that the
regular Polish army belongs to
"imperialistic landlords" whom he
does not like or trust. Therefore
he will not let them have many
But he has confidence that the
[ Polish workmen, if armed, will use
their arms to protect themselves,
protect peace, and prevent war;
| therefore he is going to supply
tVio urnrlrprs nf Poland with arms
and ammunition, while taking
away a big army from what he
called the "imperialistic Polish
landlords." r
Lenin puts it mildly when he
.says "this is quite a new idea in
international affairs."
It is entirely a new idea to take
power from constituted government
and give it to workmen, organized
or not organized. V Lenin's
theory is that government is bad,
those that have seized power are
wicked and use it only for themselves.
Ordinary workmen are
good, and if you give thme power
they will use it for good.
That is one of many interesting
ideas and experiments that came
out of Russia. How it will work
we shall know later.
Those that now do the ruling
and executive thinking for the
world will continue to believe until
the contrary is demonstrated that
it is a little dangerou* to take
power away from the head and
give it to the feet.
The same message from Lenin,
through his foreign minister,
Tchitcherin. conveys what may be
called a "hurry-up call" for England.
Lenin says "until a general
agreement is reached with Great
Britain the Soviet government has
an absolutely free hand in th*
Bolshevism is at work among 4
the hundreds of millions that til*
British Empire controls in India.
It is pushing into Persia, which is
now under a British protectorate,
and will eventually become paft of
the British Empire, after the fashion
of Egypt.
Bolshevistic activities In tha
"Orient," that Is to say. In the outlying
parts of the British Empire,
make England anxious for a Russian
peace and cause lack of interest
In the French effort to collect
her thirty billions of franca lent
to the Czar. The position of ffingland
is that she wants to keep the
empire that she has and doeen't
want Russian Bolshevism to Interfere.
The poeitlon of France jg that
she wants to get back the thirty
billions of francs invested In Russian
bonds that she lost when
Lenin took charge of Russia and
repudiated the Russian debt, it
is easy to understand that France
and England can't work well together
under these conditions.
A man named Walker has Inherited
about fifty million dollars
from his friend, Mr. Searles. Mr.
Hearles married the money when
he married the widow of Mr. Hopkins,
who got his money from
l'nlon Pacific railroads.
Mr. Searleg seems to have left
the money to Mr. Walker berauM ,
^PJP i |i;i
Partly da>0 nlik
f rtklklf nulml t
Uutor >k*w?n i*at?kl I
m< iMitmn. NM ?all? I
M ??m UMrraw. '
TtBftrilin at 'rlork,
TT <r(rr^|
NUMBER 11,623. '
' ~
Democrat Leader Wants Wage
Scale Based on Service
and Skill.
Worker Should Be Able to "Put
By" Something for Old
Age, He Says.
Staff Cdmaptidrnl.
COLUMBUS, Ohio, Aur. 16.?
Gov. James M. Cox, Democratic
Presidential candidate, is for increased
pay for Govroement employes
who are underpaid. It became
known today that the Democratic
candidate has (riven the closest
study to this matter, and will
stresg. it in his campaign.
Governor Cox referred to adequate
compensation Government employes
In his acceptance rpeech. say
"Government should provide the
treana In the treatment of Its emp'oyes
to keep In touch with the conditions
and rectify wrong. It is needless
to say that In order to be consistent,
facts should at all time*
justify the presupposition that the
Government employe* arc pruumy
Governor Cox has had nothing to
say on the Republican charge that
there are too many Government em
ployes, brought on In war time and
still on the payroll In Washington.
He has said, however, that he would
make the Government treatment of
Its employes a model which all the
country might follow In solving industrial
John F. CosteUo, T*mocratlc national
committeemen for the District,
of Columbia, who returned here with
Governor Cox following the candidate's
recent trip to Washington,
talked with Cox on the subject of
more pay and better treatment for
Government employe*, having particular
rnforewe to those In the District
of Columbia and postal employes.
Cox Is said to hold to the view that
the recent Increase of pay to postal
employes was entirely inadequate, as
these men must be highly trained and
as they receive far less than trained
men in any other line Through his
service In Congress and dealings with
the department* he knows that many
competent Government employes In
Washington are receiving no larger
salaries than they received twentyftva
years ago. though the cost of
living" has gone up 200 per cent in
thst tiate.
Tkerslsrt, the nemoeralle nominee,
tkwih he will nntf the Ktrleteat
'Continued on Page 2, Column 8.).
he thought Mr. Walker would take
Kood care of It, an he, Mr. Searles,
had done.
i Mr. Searles' confidence in Mr.
Walker seems well placed, JudgI;
in? by the newspaper head lines.
Mr. Walker has never taken a vacation.
He works all day and until
very late on Saturday. He
talks very softly, doesn't care for
athletics, cars, drinking, or any>
thing else He Isn't married,
doesn't see baseball games, doesn't
belong to a club, doesn't dance.
There ar? many young Americans
who would say "if that is so,
you can have your fifty millions;
you have earned them.'
The interesting feature of this
$60,000,000 news lies in its revelations
of the effect that money has
on men. Mr. Searles married $30,000,000,
then devoted himself to
makitig the $30,000,000 into $fi0,j
000,000, then died and left the
money to a msn who presumably
i will turn the $50,000,000 that he
gets into $100,000,000.
Possibly by the time he has finished
with that undertaking there
will he arranged a system for the i
distribution of wealth through
t*M* that will turn the $100,000,M^back
to Uiom that created
ublishad ??<r> avanlnc uncludlna ?unda> |
Knlorad moodiI claaa raatlar *1 Iba
poatuffU* at Wtihlniloa, D. C.
Labor For
President W
His Perm
S^L %
^HHBn -.- ~y^\JaH
The house shown in the
well dotted with trees, occupy
Wisconsin avenue, near Porte
n^rcrmaT nhv;irhn nnri intimat
extensive alterations the Presii
? k
Fresh Outbreaks Are Reported
. In Erin?Many Killed and ?<
Wounded. ?
. a I
LONDON, Aug. 16.?Many persons ^
were killed and wounded In a new
outbreak of disorders reported from pi
Ireland today. *'
One eoldler and four civilians wero
killed in a clash at Clonbanlc, County jr
Cork, when a crowd of civilians attempted
to seize an aeroplane.
A civilian was killed during a fight
between soldiers and excursionists
near Lurgani according to a Central 8
Newa dispatch from Dublin. Sinn "
Feiner leaders accuse the soldiers of
precipitating hostilities by opening
fire upon the excursionists.
Fighting broke out between Sinn J"
Felners and Unionists at Belfast, but
the police charged the combatants
and cleared the streets. ^
LONDON. Aug. 10.?"The tendency
of society to excess, particularly P1
those tenden.-ies displayed by women d
In dress, reading and dancing, indl- cl
cate a relapse toward paganism,"
said Bishop Gailor, of Tennessee, who 11
Is now In London. He added: al
"The feminist movement, with lta
insistence on the entire Independence
of women, unquestionably Is
resposlble for this condition. By d?y
the women try to compete with men
in the business world, and In the
evening try to maintain the feminine
lure. This Is truer of the Rngllsh
women than of the American." '
YEHA CRUZ, Mexico, An*. HU- fr(
( Ml war In l.ower California has tai
Item averted liy a provisional en
agreement between Ihr Mexican co
government and the revnlntlnnur) "
administration of tJenernl ( antu, J1'"
governor of the district, according ( 1 '
to a report from Mexico ( It) todaj. | fh,
The government la said to hate j
made concession* and promUairft- foi
form*. . _
* Genera
ilson Likely
anent Horn
'/'' :<v '.# ?* $?,
above picture, together wil
ing an ideal location oppo:
;r street, has been purchasi
e friend of President Wilsc
dent will occupy this house
i tT Aonimii HAiTAtl
1AY UttUfY mm
As time approaches for President
Mlson to relinquish his tenancy of
i? White House. Washington Is
aenly Interested In reports that the
resident and Mrs. Wilson intend
alntalnlng a permanent residence
i the National Capital.
Rumors that the President will
:cupy the old Nourse mansion, re ntly
purchased by Admiral Cary
. Grayson, his personal physician
id intimate friend, have been aliwed
to circulate without denial
om the White House.
Admiral Orayson's residence, opjslte
"Friendship," in Wisconsin
venue, near Porter street, is one of
>e prlr.e estates Just outside of
Washington. It Is ideally located .
i a beautiful tract of twenty-t*o
sres well dotted with shade trees.
It Is the President's Intention, so
le rumors go, to occupy the manIon
Immediately after March 4.
ntll next summer. Extensive nitration*
are to be made in the
Duse to modernise It.
President Wilson spent so many
pars at Princeton University be>re
he entea^d political life that
e has no regular residence. Now
lat he is going to leave the house
e has been occupying for the last
ghf years. It Is Just as probable
lat he will apend as much of his
me here as anywhert elae.
Admiral Grayson bought the old
lourse residence several months
jo and never has occupied It. Reorts
say that he acted as Preslent
Wilson's agent In the purlase.
idy of (liieago Boy Who Had
Been Reproved Discovered
in Bueemnt.
CHICAGO, Aug. 16?William Dotigi,
13 years old. was found strangled
death yesterday by a rope fastened
a nail high up on a wall In' the
sement of his home here. It Is the
lief of his father, W. A. Douglas, asitant
telegraph superintendent for
t Rock Island Railroad, that the boy
iced the rope around his neck In an
ort to frighten his mother who had
?t scolded him, and then was unable
unloosen the slipknot.
Williams had Just been graduated
>m grammar school and was to have
ken up a course In electrical
glneerlng. His mother had keen
mpelled to rebuke him for breaking
clothes wringer which she had forIden
him to try to Ax. When she
reatened to tell his father, the boys'
es filled with tears and he went to
? basement.
Ten minutes later Mrs. Douglas
und him. An hour was spent In eflU
t* revive Ua M la m avail.
* 9
/ Strike //
> To Make
e In Capital
iril *! Jiff*' iBf W
i v r^nfi iSiiiii
h twenty-two acres of land,
;ite the McLean mansion on
id by Dr. Cary T. Grayson,
>n. It is rumored that after
upon retiring to private life.
uinn/irM pi aim
nUIVILIi uLnlm
Sixty-two Legislators Pledged
To Vote for Suffrage Today,
They Say.
NASHVILLE. Tenn., Auk. Ifi?Both
sides were outwardly confident as
woman suffrage neared Its final bat
tie In the special session of the
special' session of the Tennessee legislature.
Suffragists claimed to have 62 of
the 99 members of the lower house
pledged to vote for the resolution
which the Senate passed on Friday.
"Many of these pledges are in
writing" said Miss Sue White, "and
I have them in my possession."
These claims were disputed by the
"antla." Backed by the strength of
Speaker Seth Walker, they claimed
to have enough votes to Dlock ratlfl.
The Senate ratifying resolution will
be Introduced when the House
met* at 2 p. m. An attempt will be
made to forec the measure to a vote,
but it was problematical, whether this
could be accomplished. Speaker
' Walker will attempt to refer it to
a committee, and this, is expected
to bring on a determined fight, with
much debate. It is e*i??cted that the
vote on thla effort to refer will give
the first actual test of strength between
the opposing forces.
Suffrage leaders today asked Governor
Cox to Investigate "corrupt In
fluences" now at work against ratification
in Tennessee. Warning
has ?een sent him that
(Continued on Page 4, Column B.)
CONSTANTINOPLE, Aug, iflFormatlon
of an all Moslem soviet
will be discussed at a general conference
called by Hallal Pasha,
who has Just returned to Baku from
Moscow Persia. Turkey and
Afghanistan are preparing to send
The aultan Is contemplating another
complete change of "tils cabinet,
including the dismissal of the
grand vliler, according to offlclala
In close toueh with the palace.
Tewfik Pasha, who la advising the
Sultan concerning the formation of
the new cabinst, may be lha new
grand vlaia*.
' I
, - "r" nr? r'"TV -XGOVERN
i ,
6, 1920. (doting Will St
U.S. A
# 1
1,502 SHIPS
"leet Valued at $3,000,000,000
Open to Purchase by
American Citizens.
3uyers Must Prove Nationality.
Ten Per Cent Cash Down,
Then Small Installments.
International K?w? Vn Iff.
Plans for the sale of the merchant
vessels now owned by the U. S. Shipping
Board and their operation by
private owners were announced toiay
by Rear Admiral Benson, chairman
of the board. In a "statenjent of
policyin accordance with the provisions
of the Jones shipping act.
Th? vra^flii owned by the board,
which are tobe disposed of to citixens
r>f the Tnlted tffatos, are valued at
approximately |3,000.000,0<H). The
sales of the various vessel* will be
held on a competitive basis, and payment
may be made in small installments.
The vessels will be sold on the
basis of 10 per cent caah. with 5 per
cent payments every six months for
two years, after which time the remaining
"0 per cent of the price
miuf h? rtairi in t n vpsrs.
"After a careful survey of the current
operating revenue*, costs of
operation. competitive conditions
which now exist and which will exist,
ind the financial and the general economic
situation, the board devised the
plan for the creation of the United
States Merchant Marine, operated bjr,
pri>ate ownership under the Merchant
Marine act," Admiral Benson declared.
The vessels purchased by the prli-?te
owners are to be operated under
tlw? supervision of the Shipping Board.
When 50 per cent of the purchase
price has been paid the purchaser
takes tilte to the ship and the board
holds a first fnortgage lien against
Lhe .vessel.
The profit* made from tkftrarrrsl
nperatloa of the veaarls mM by the
tiMrd are limited to IS per cent for
dividend distribution among stockholders.
Aa Interval 'rate of 5 |?er
rent per year will be charged by the
hoard for all deferred paymenta.
"All revenues derived from opera-.
Lion are to be deposited in a controlled
or supervised account and the
installments provided for, except the
Iqltlal payment, shall be taken therefrom,"
Admiral Benson's statement
When the vessels have been taken
over by the purchaser, upon the payment
of BO per cent of the price, the
board will release all control over the
bottom except for the fixing of its
(Continued on Page 2, Column 6.)
Colby Probably Will Make Definite
Announcement at an
Early Date.
Secretary of State Colby Is expected
to make definite announcement at an
parly date concerning the publication
it notes exchanged between ttys Oovirnment
and Japan relative to the
Japanese occupation of Sakhalin.
The Japaneae reply to thla Government's
demand for an explanation of
lapan's Intention was received Saturlay,
and immediately the Secretary
took up with the Japanese Ambassalor
here the question of making public
the two notes In Washington and
Tokyo simultaneously.
Until the notes are officially reeased.
Secretary Co|hy stated that
llacussion rff their contenta would be
withheld. What have purported to be
iccurate summaries of the two documents
have been forwarded from
Tokyo, but the State Department up
:o this time has steadfastly declined
10 vouch for thelf authenticity.
The Japanese reply, officials said. ,1*
engthy, with many citations to support
the course pursued. Diplomats
lere expected It would disavow- any
ntentlon upon the part of Japan to
tccupy Sakhalin permanently.
s F
rati hiaatl three
ids Poles
The Jonm act, under whoic
provision* ^he .Shipping Board
will dispone of Government veaaela,
provides specifically for
American reglatry of auch vea ela.
The act says:
Kvery vessel yirekawd,
rharlrrrtf, or Irtted from the
board shall, unless otfcerwlse
autkorfsed ky Ike Hoard, be
oprralrd only uader aurk
lAaerlru) re*latry or enrollment
or llrenae.
Resale of vessels to forelffr.
registry In prohibited
The board Is authorized to
sell i?uch vessel* as It may deem
unnecessary to promotion and
maintenance of an efficient
American merchant marine to
aliens, on vote of Ave of the
seven members of the board,
whose reasons for auch sale
I must be made a part of the mln|
utes of the board.
Workers In Eogland, France,
and America Oppose Further
CHICAGO, An*. 16?The Chicago
Federation of Labor, one of
? t _ . t t
me largest iaDor orKamiauuua
the country, is on record today an
demanding: a general strike of
workers if the United States gives
military aid to Poland again?t
Soviet Russia.
A resolution to this effect was
overwhelmingly adopted at a general
PARIS. An*. 16.?Though Europe's
second Armegeddon is believed to be
averted for the time being. It is impossible
to hide longer the belief that
the Eastern Hemisphere Is on the
verge of a general "Bolshevisation."
Even the most optimistic of political
observers admit today the fear
that France, in order to offset this
danger, is doing her utmost to create
a diversion by her militaristic programs.
Marshal Joffre Is en route to Bucharest
to .establish contact between the
Frenph and Rumanian governments,
should the Intervention of Rumania
be considered necessary by developments
In the Crimea.
Pressure is being brought to bear
on the White House to Induce President
W'laon to Issue a pronunciation
to establish on an unquestionable
basis the Intention of America
to throw in her might with France
against Bolshevik Russia.
It 1s pointed out here that the time
for negotiations Is past and that only
quick action can yet save Europe
(Continued on Page 4. Column 3.)
PARIS, Aug. 18.?The French
I.aborltes have made x a direct
appeal to American labor to Join
with them In preventing war
gainst Soviet Russia.
The manifesto, which has lust
been Issued, reads:
"Tfle ?fate of Russia today Is
l>V the hands of the American
workers. By a dignified exhibition
of their strength they can
prevent America from endorsing
the suicidal policy of France It
is for American workers to de
clde whether the recognition of
Oeneral Wrangel, at which
President Wilson connived, sTiall
lead Into allied military Intervention
In 4lussia which the
French militarists urge.
"The recognition by France
was a direct challenge flung by
the plutocrats and money kings
of the world to the millions of
workers, who, after five years of
fighting, refuse again to shed
blood unnecessarily.
"The policy of France, hacked
up by America, spells starvation
and death to 120.000.000 Russians
whose oAly sin Is their struggle
for liberty, Just as America
struggled for liberty In 1776.
Remembering the Washington
of today. American labor should
signify Its refusal to Interfere
against the right of the Rue
slao people for freedom and
el f-govern men L"
inalI |
? ?
Dmowski Faction Aiming to
Overthrow Pilsudski and
Form New Army.
t ?
Outflank Poles on Bug and Capture
Big Fortress?Capital
in Gloom.
PARIS, A as. IB.?A British Mtc
rrKarrilnK (irfil Britain's ??llrr toward
Ha?la *M kuM to Ik*
Frrark forflgn oftlrr today bj L*r4
Derby, tkr British BmhaiM4or )
Kruno*. A
l.OXDOX, Ai?. IB.?Russian lro?M ^
km rrowr4 Ikr frontier of Wnl
Prussia, ofnyrl** tkt fortrau of
Thora, (?rorilu? to aa umalnul
report telegraphed from Berlla today.
Berlin reported further that the
Rusalaaa had oeetipled l.aotenbor*.
Strasborsr, Loethan, Laekea, apd
According to Berlla advice a. the
Ruulana oatflaaked the Polea oa
the Bbk liver, tet(li( In tke Pollak
rear. A violent eaatfalrlc attack
aaalnat Warsaw la raflw over
a front of fovrtoea aUlea,
PARIS, lit. lfl.?"The buttle at
tke irataa of Warsaw Is favoHai
tke Poles." It waa a anon need at tka
Pollak legation tkla aoralav. Tho
Pollah legation atated that tke
Brltlak aad Kreaek mlaaloaa are
remain!ax la Waraaw aad dealed ><?
report* tkat 300.000 realdeata of
Waranw kave fled.
WARSAW, Auk. 15. via London,
Aug. 16.?With the Russians closing
in about Warsaw and the city
threatened with immediate capture,
Poland is threatened today with serious
internal dissensions.
M. Dmowski, leader of the Natifnal
Democrats ,who has Rone to
Posen, is reported to be preparing
for a military coup to seize power.
Steps arc said to be under way . at
Posen for the formation of a new
army with the object Of overthrowing
the administration of General
Pllsudskl and establishing a new
revolutionary government.
M. Dmowski was quoted as saying
In a speech: "We will not only drlvo
(Continued on Page 2, C?lumn 4.J
U. S. Sends
3 Warships
To Baltic
Secretary Daniels today ordered the
<yuiser Pittsburgh, and two destroyers,
under command of Hear Admiral
Huse. from the Mediterranean station
to the Baltic region as a protective
measure. ,
The Secretary stated that the vessels
wer?' being moved into the Baltic
region on general assignment as a
protective maasure in case their presence
was needed to guard American
interests, and that no particular station
or other mission was assigned
yet. He emphasized that they were
simply sent as a precautionary measure.
"There is no Immediate necessity
for the movement of these ships to
the Baltic." Secretary Daniels slated
in making the announcement "It la
simply a measure of protection.'4
Secretary Daniels also announced
that the cruiser St. bouis and six
more destroyers have been ordered
added to the Mediterranean fleeti
The Olynipla Is already attn -tied to
this fleet.
Wide powers have been ^iven to
the commanders of American vessels
In the Mediterranean, the Adriatic
and the Baltic, Secretary Daniels
stated. Those In commtnd of these
vessels sre not being held to permanent
assl?nments, but nr* gi>en
power to (to where they deem It
necessary to protect American rights.
Secretary Daniels stated that conditions
in the Baltic sre somewhat \
unsettled, end that It hsd been deemed
advisable to dispatch the ships in
order that thry might be present in
the event of an> outbreak which
threatened or endangered American
oltlxens. Me deelsred that there Is no
special mission for the ?hips and that
they arc not being sent because of
any specific event, but as a matter {
general policy.

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