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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, October 16, 1920, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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w ftVwn TOSNKTAOT FOR HIGHER
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we I-1,m &- SA--DYEEIG,1~Fii~
h 4 st 'a
ThemI I =W,
hasThat W erL
foreignassnnb w Mr OlWp
Ply fad eagwith hI=
b . Y dAt ask what
will do bst it;
ke.Peer year. have
hees aswer.
Only the eUd t ete
vaes up labor, and 14awe
It a abet the Geea
RNt? it not hp? Re
~ tbuyftn
of iher W at I
Priemth "aas iver
I h= it way- sausles
American has hem
up . viane of t O eso
ntiefi in India and ilverpro
aimeug truhout the tish
empie by withdrawing hmerican
Wiier from world comptition.
That silver has no valus. Wh
1et lovet some hundreds of -
Iene in oottn, store that away,
belp American , and sell
t a sfair price r rt v
ing *e South a chance to
its surplus.
If we are rich enough to keep
X a market for Asiatic silver
Ynot also a market for United
Stetes coton? Cotton can be safe
ly stored. It will keep for many
What about interest on the
Govefnment's money, do you ask?
Doe. the Government get any in
terest on the money tied up in
silver dohllrs, or in gold dollars?
For a coavincing analysis of the
Legue of Nations, an analysis
suited to serious men, write to
Levy Mayer, the able Chicago
lawyir, for * copy of his recent
address before the Bond Men's
Club. Levy Mayer ought to know
about the meaning of contracts,
being among the ablest fighting
lawyers of the country. He shows
clearly how England could take
power,,by making heI- many sub
sidiary votes into real votes, and
how t country's veto power
could be wiped out by the absence
of our representatives from any
single session of the council.
Mr. Mayer's s was s
pelaily vaubebcue of 'sun
th$teweb
ton
to the vanity. ambitm W eet
LI? e" a ddreas doe.
showed at the "morel obliga
tion" under which the
would put us s the ONLY o
gation that any treaty ever car
rim. with It.
Therefore, when Mr. Wilson
says that Article X would put
this country "under an absolqtely
compelling moral obligatlo" todo
as ordered by a oren council,
there is no use auibng about
"legal obligations.
An Arab horse Grabbet, travels
sixty-one miles In eight hours, and
has gone 240 miles in four days.
The world wonders.
For a horse, it is doing well. But
more than once a man has travel
led on his two legs one hundred
miles In a day and kept it up
every day for six days-going
more than six bundred miles In
six sucessive days, which would
kill any horse before the third
rapower and will' can do
anything, even make two feeble
legs -outran four powerful legs.
For Man o' War, the race horse,
$400,000 are offered and refused.
Yet the Man o''War is actually
worth less than the well-known
small gasoline runabout.
Men kept hawks and paid high
prce for them long after the gun
had really ended hawking. But
hawks, their mews and hoods, are
gone now. Horses will go. Then
unimaginative stupidity will bet
on something else.
In interesting ways the English
languag is changed and built up.
Its evoution is as curious as that
of the five-toed horse. For
instance, Georges Carpentier,
French soldier and boxer, is dis
cussed by writers that manufac
ture new language for America.
In one short article by Mr. B.
Beer, highly popular literary
man, Carpentier is described as
"snail 'Ean'," "Carp." "Gorge
ous," "Georgette," and most pleas
ing, "Vin Blanc Inhaler."
In an adjoining column Mr.
Damon Runyon decdbes a con
spiracy to deceive the public by
prearaningtheresult of a prise
fight asa "arney McCoy" and
also "one of those things." There
are accepted words In our Ian
gaethat grew just as strange
ly, for Instance, "Fiasco" and
*sincere." Look them up.
This country seems .hard to
pleese. Russi Imitating this
oountry, told ilna she need not
pay Ruassia any more Boxer is
demnity. But that might make
China and Russia f riendly, so this
esuntry notifies China that it
N.one is suppoeed to be friend
ly to Russia, without permission
In the form of a. special ukase
from Washington.
And sow, onr Govcrnmncnt noti
MINER
W.R.&SEKS
NEWFARE RISE
Company Plans -to Ask -for
Abolition of Cut Rate
on Tokens.
NOT EARNING 6 P. C., CLAIM
Ham Cites Loss of Passengers
and Higher Operating Costs
as Reasons.
Continuation of the present rates
of street car fares ore still higher
rates will be asked by the Washing
ton Railway and Electric Company
in a petition to be filed with the
Public Utilities Commission about
-November 15.
This was learned today from Wil
liam P. Ham, president of the con
pany, who returned last night from
4tlantic City, where he has been at
tending a convention of railway
men.
SAYS RTVRN 15 TOO SHALL.
The present rate of fares does not
give the company a return of 6 per
cent on its valuation as the commis
sion contends it should have, Mr.
Ham pointed out today.
The company may ask for 8 per
cent, the same as the Washington
Gas Light Company Is dbeking. If
me, and the commission approves the
request, fars in Washington must
negessarily adivance whon the pros
rate expir o ..s J&"wy 1 next.
met th romp bas not
bes ed.
There is little doubt that the -com
pany will petitIon the commission for
at least 6 per cent return. Even this.
oroea would aees-a higher fare.
T1e eampbey is desirous that
fares be kept as low as possible in
Washington." said Ma, "but the
edinpany aust earn a sufficient reve
nue to keeo it from bankruptcy. For
h past several years we have been
on the verge of bankrup"y
"I do not know at thi*- time just
what the company will ask next
month. It is a foregone conclusion
that the present fare at least must
continue."
ARE LOSENG PASsENGUR.
Figures given out by President
Ham today show that the number of
passengers on the street car lines of
the company have decreed since the
prepent fare become effective on May
1 last. All of the reduction in pas
sengers cannot be attributed to the
high fare as the letting out of Gov
ernment employes has affected the
situation.
If a higher fare should be sought,
it, is believed the company will seek
a straight eight cent fare, which
will mean the discontinuance of the
four tokens for 30 cents.
During last May the company car
ried 7,001.680 passengers, a decrease
of 7 per cent over the number carried
duing the same month of the pre
vious year. The revenue for the
month was $573.600, an increase of 38
per cent over the revenue of the same
month last year.
GAIN SLIGHTLY IN gUNIE.
June passengers totaled 6.63.8,7 14,
a decrease over the same month ofi
the previous year of 6.6 per cent and
revenue increase of 38 per cent.
August figures show 6.179.258 pan
sengers, compared to last year a 10.7
(Continued on Page 12, Column 4.)
TODAY
fies Poland that we shall not ap
prove the treaty just concluded
between Russia and Poland be
cause Russians may not like it
after Lenin's government is put
out.
.How do we know that Lenin will
be put out? And who appointed
us guardian of Russia? What
business is~ it of ours what they
do or what agreements are reach
ed by Russia and Poland?
An Italian contractor, testify
ing i Massaghusetts before a.
commissioner, pu the change in
the labor situation thus:
"Today I say te the workman:
'ea take that pick and dfg er I
smash year head!' Befere, the Ia
berer weeld- say, 'Ten shut up, er
I rrnash year head'"
That describes the ups and
downs of laborer and employer.
Such a situation could be ha-r
p roved, and will be, by a condition
inwhich men will be steadily em
ploye at fair work for fair wages
an nobody will smash anybody's
head. There will be a good deal
of head smasIling, however, be
fore that better condition is
S' STR
Funds He E
Are Soundl
Says Ban
Seated in - his home in
Deveraux, former head bookki
nd Trust Company, accused
said today that he hoped he
noney he had taken. Oicia]
o the Comptroller of the Cui
reach $71,000. Deveraux's b
50,000.
Deveraux today declared that he4
lid not lose the money in stock gam
,ling. In fact, he said he never
owned a share of stock in his life.
The money be took from the bank
ie invested in a tire business in
Washington, and if his taking of
money had not been discovered, he
would have been 'able to put It back
in a short time he said. As it is, he
:laims the money is so well invest
id that he will be able to pay the
ank back every cent he took.
Sveral years ago Deverau* saw
the poss4bilitles of a new tire that
Nad J st come on the market. In his
estimation and in the judgment of
many others, it was designed to fill
, long felt want of automobile own.
&ra of the city. It looked as though
the new invention would be almost a
mecessity for every automobile own
Dr, and Eould soon displace the old.
ar makes of tires on the market.
CUSTOEER3B DIDIPT COE.
However, the autolnobile owners of
the city did not seem to take very
kindly to a puncture-proof tire, and
Ls a consequence the sales were not
so rapid as he had supposed. It ost
L great deal of money to obtain the
mecessary stock to barry on the busi
mess, and It oost money to acquIat
TriuZdte Ku
Says Wife
Affinity
NORWICH, Conn., Oct.:
11 last, in the luxurious apar
in Pawcatuck, 0onn., three s
and the soul tragedy of g woE
had been killed.
Today, in the Superior Court here,'
the woman, Mrs. Mabel Kenyon,
bared the story ' of her intimate
friendliness with the wealthy, refined
physician. Frankly admitting killing
the man she loved, the comely woman
of old * New Ehgland stock insisted
with a persistence undiminished by
four nerve-wrecking prison months
that an accident caused her lover's
end.
While her husband and three of her
children listened, Mrs. Mabel Kenyon
told a crowded court room that t'he
shooting was accidental, the revolver
being fired in a struggle for posses
sion of the weapon when she was at
tempting to kill herself because of his
changed attitude toward her.
SECOND SUICIDE ATTEPT.
Mrs. Kenyon said, her attempt at
suicide in the physician's apartment
last June was the second she had
made. The first time she intended to
shoot herself in her son's room, but
restrained herself when she saw a
portrait of her father an the wall.
The descripUon of the firing of the
fktal shot came an the climax to one
Police of W
Famous h4
By NEWTO?
Internatiemal
PARIS, Oct. 16.-The p
globe iiave been asked to aid
inte ationally farned as the '
is erdited with the daring th
the ksidence of Mile. Elsie
the wealthiest "bachelorettes
larer met Mile. Bouberyand-More-4
vill at Vichy, where she is spending
th summer. Tall, handsome, and
ele utly dressed, he already had
m e numerous conquests, but upon
he arrival be devoted all his atten
ti to her until , she returned to
Pa e
few days later Mle. Boubeyrand
M yulle received the following spe
ci delivery letter:
'ello, Cuckool Am back in Pais.
WI see you this afternoon.
A few hours later Louis appeared.
aim at in tears becauae he had been
un le to find a hotel suite. to suit
his stee, and begged mademoiselle
to low him to spend a few days in
he residence. She consented, and to
ma e Louia feel at home. instructed
the ,chef to prepare anything he
wa ted to eat.
Lis said he loved rabbit. Whle
NIl Soubeyrand-Moreville descended
L ie kitchen to sae for herself that
IKE CI
mibezzled
y Invested,
k Defaulter
Chevy Chase, Md., Frank
eper of the National Savings
of taking funds of the bank,
would be able to repay the
a of the bank have reported
Tency that the shortage will
end to protect the bank is
the people of the city with the merits
Of the tire.
The business was running behind,
every week, but the prospects of It
picking up were always bright, and
Deveraux. In the hope of getting
back the first money he took, put
more Into the business In an effort to
get the business on a paying basis.
COULD WAVE BORROWED FUND.
As in all busihess ventures, there
was the element of chance that De
veraux always figured would soon
turn in his favor. But like many
others, luck went against him.
Several bankers In the financial
district today said that "if Frank
Deveraux had come to us and told
us he was going Into the tire business
or any other legitimate business, we
would gladly have helped him finan
cially and he would not have made
the mistake he did."
The sentiment among the bankers
was one of morrow for Deveraux and
his family. He was popular, not only
in the bank where he was employed,
but among the whole banking fra
ternity. He was one of the forentst
members of the American Institute
(Continued on Page 2, Coisin S.)
'I Herself,
Who Shot
)f 27 Years
6.-On the morning of June
tment of Dr. Herbert Tetlow,
iota shattered the stillness
aan was revealed. Dr. Tetlow
of the most dramatic stories ever re
lated in a local court, during which
Mrs. Kenyon told of her friendship
for the physician.
She told of the physician's long con
tinued and persistent advances, of the
emotional nature of his wooing when
he called her "sweetheart" and "wife"
and Anally how she turned in disgust
from the life which she was leading
and attempted to sever their acquaint
ance.
In well-chosen Words she said her
friendship for th4 doctor extended
over a period of twenty-seven years,
during which time she was married
to three other men.
MET AT SEVENTEEN.
The acquaintance began when she
was seventeen, during a croquet
game, she testified, but did not be
come intimate un$ll five years ago.
Mrs. Kenyon maintained her com
posure throughout the dramatic re
cital. with the exception of a short
period of weeping, which occurred
(Continued on Page 2. Column 3.)
orld Seek
eartbreaker
C. PARK1L
Iews serviee.
Ilice of every big city on the
in the hunt for Louis Maurer,
King of Heartbreakers,'' who
eft of $400,000 of jewels fromn
Soubeyrand-Moreville, one of
"in France.
the rabbit was being properly cooked.
he seated himself at the piano and
dashed off a few lively tunes. Pree
ently the music eeased. Mademoiselle
heard her dog barking and ran up
stairs, Louis was gone and so were
her jewels, including two magnificent
strings of pearls, diamonds, etc.
The police took a few Ainger-prints
from the pihno and immediatedly dis
covered that the handsome chap who
had been introduced to Mile. Souby
rand-Moreville as "Louis Morel" wae
only their old friend Louis Maurer,
alias Michel, alias Melard, with a
world-wide reputation. Maurer was
last arrested in 1910 for the robbery
of thousands of dollars worthy of
jewel, from a woman who bed em
ployed him as valet.
Sclemee' Finds the Vather et the IOe-a
Tieees, P.e e Usee II st Tani
JAPAN DELAYS
RAGE QUESTION
Will Not Revive Equality De
mand at Coming Nations'
League Meeting.
LONDON, Oct. 16.-"War be.
twee Japan and the United' States?
What a question! Both countries
have only the most amicable and
peaceful intentions h~nd entertain
no such thought as war."
sAYS WAR DOS'T PAV.
Baron Hayashi, new Japanese am
bassador to the Court of St. James.
gave this answer today to a question
as to what he thought about the
"crisis" between his couatry and
America over the California land
question.
"War, even if most successful in a
military way. is not a paying proposi
tion nowadays," said the Japanese en
voy. "We bad to finance our war
w-th Russia with credits obtained
from England and the United States,
and this half ruined the world.
"Today credits are unobtainable and
war Is impossible."
When asked for comment on the
copflicting attitudes In the United
States toward the League of Nations,
Baron Hayashi. said it was "difficult,
almost impqsible," for him to speak
on that subject. He added, however:
TVIMX SMTELEMENT SURI.
"I am eatident that the differences
- h be settled by the .$6eai=oms of
The two paliei Save eee
firmed tat tey do not want to ever
&ead the league with sensations."
-, see invns59am who s
6* at Gaeres, deetared Japen did met
vn to setvfe the quesetion o rose
-pwUIty at that aeettag.
When the Vernsaies treaty and the
oovefnuat of the League of Nations
was signed. Baron Makino. Japan's
chief spokesman at the Parts peace
conference, made a brief speech in
which he said that while he would
sign the document. Japan reserved the
right of raising the question' of an
amendment on racial equality at some
future date.
It had been expeeted Ia some quar
teas that Jopam weld seise em the ee
"pMen of the esslug Geseva meetang
to revive the questiem.
aem Mayashi's stuteumt In the
0hee dispoteh is the armt Sat deelars
tiem that this is met his eeutry's in
testlem.
There have been accumulating evi
dences that Japan proposeb to let the
matter rest until the United States
Senate has taken some definite action
on the treaty.
BRITISH SEND MUIONS
BY SHIOAD TO JAPAN
By WILLIAM L. MALLADAR,
lstervidtemal News Service.
LONDON. Oct. 16.-The British gov.
ernment not only is fully watching
the shipments. item by item, but
knows the extent and every detail of
ammunition exports from England to
Japan.
Information to this effect was ob
tained today upon inquiries in high
official quarters with e ngard to the
many sensational reports and rumors
in circulation of late about the Japa
nese policy of storing up an immense
volume of ammunition and war mate
rial.
There have been extensive ship
ments of munitions from this country
to Japan, it was learned from an au
thoritative Whitehall source, but it
was made clear to the correspondent
that the government has registered no
objection to these exports, nor intends
interfering with thentin any way.
TURKISH OFFENSIVE
ON ARMNIANS IN
*FULL SWING
By 813 PERCIVAL PEILLIPS,
laternatiemai News servvee.
CONSTAN'lIlNOPLE, Oct. 16L
The mew Tnrkish offensive against
Armea, new in full swing, is part
ei Soviet Russia's eastern cam
paiga, it Is learned from a trust
worthy soure'e.
It was decided upen when the
".-seow government found that
the hoped-forseemmercial relations
between Ras~ia and Britain bad
net materialized and showed no
premise of immediate reailaties.
The Turk. are new apprenehing
the Ears mountain. The Armen
lis, asisted by strong Georgian
foreos, are rendering stubborn re
sistanee.*
S BRF
BATTRAGES
OVER DUDIN
"Bitter Enders" Throw Up Bar
ricades as British Forces
Surround City.
By DANIEL O'CONNELL.
Internatioma New. servise.
DUBLIN. Oct. 16.-Violent street
battles again broke out in several
parts of Dublin this morning. Brit
ish military threw a cordon around
the districts of North Dublin shortly
after dawn.
"BETER ENDEDS" TRAPPED.
Thousands of glnm Foin "bitter
enders" trapped behind this cordon
were quick to show fight. Macbine
gun and rifle fire resounds in the
"beseiged" districts almost contin
uously, but there is no way at pres
ent of ascertaining the exact situa
tion there.
It is reported three persons were
killed in the O'Connell street dis
trict.
A squad of soldiers today shot up
the store belonging to Thomas Hun
ter, Sinn Fein member ofParliament.
and an officer of high rank in the
republici army, who is said to have
been killed yesterday. A prominent
Sinh Feimr who stood in the door of
the store was shot dead. ITis identity
has not yet been asee ned.
As the morning were on. the ae
tivities of the military were develop
ed on %a exbtsive seale, tro -e-do
taebaseatg of sadiesm oed a i
of the otwategie opreahes to Dublin
and no one without a military pass
was allowed to penetrate theough the
cordon.
SAID MV3 VIM3 MO0.L
*"o s aa bomm
oy asen wheosm e aWis - hoaes
of SamP1, 34mer eIe to h ad
several arrests were made.
From LAndonerry came word of an
outbreak of looting. marked by an
exchange of revolver shots, which
was quelled by military reinforce
ments rushed to the scene in the nick
of Ume.
The intensified military activity 'i
the Irish capita4 as shown Ip the
above dispatch. indicates that the
British government. facing the great
set industrpl crisis in the history of
the empire, fears a violent Bare-up
of the rebellious spirit in Ireland to
synchronize with the great coal
strike.
CALLMAGNATESIN
BASEBALLINQUIRY
Red Sox and Dodger Owners
Asked to Give Knowledge in
Chicago Probe.
CHICAGO, Oct. 16.-Harry Frazee.
owner of the Boston Red Box, and
Charles H. Ebbets, owner of the
Broklyn Dodgers, have been sum
moned before the grand Jury investi
gating gambling in organized base
ball and have signified their wiling
ness to appear next Tuesday, when
the probe will be resumed, it was
learned today.
TIf exact nature of the testimony
expected from the two magnates was
not disclosed but it is believed they
will be asked regarding reports they
have received concerning alleged
"throwing" of ball games.
S. C. Cotton Mills Suspend.
UNION. S. C.. Oct. 16.-All cotton
mills in this county, employing 8,000
operatives, will close Friday and Sat
urday of each week for an indefinite
time until the cotton goods market
improves. This means a curtailment
of $16,000 weekly in payrlls.
750 Million
Girls on F
Peachy compleioas, ruby lips and
fragrant personality cost the women
of this country $750.000,000 Iast year,
according to luxury tax return figures.
This enormous sum was expended for
rouge, face powder, cosmetics and
perfumery.
The cost of cosmetics and perfumery
was more than twice that of women's
furs-in a year when the fur prices
were the highest in history. The
atnnunt spent on furs was approxi
mnitely $300.000.000.
The ladies did their part in spending
money on luxuries, but the expendi
tures were not confined to them.
Eight hundred million dollars went
up in cigarette smoke, while $810.000,
000 wecre burned up in the form of
cigr.
Jewelry (ct $50O0.000.000, only 2 per
cent of luxuries expenditures. The
y.ar IiS appears to have been a
[ISH E
rHROwE1MOUF(RY
GERNREM AT
WALLU, Gerany, Ot. 1,
~aadem~nIum broke lee"s In the
esaveties of the 1ndepe1det eo
dambts here Aedai. -
A grap of inferiated delegates
ade an organbed elarge em the
speakers reaum and te= the
speseh of a olbevilt dlegate
named Leewslk we was delver
ag a vi.l e against Ger.
man labor.
Leswski e "ed gemamy
workers "traters" to the 7a8;
of the workgg masses.? A bowl
,of "Ntop! I T w him oetlo and
other outeries lterrupted bisN,
Md as he tred to eeutinae, the
protestlag Germn delegatee leap
ed ex the platform md foreed him
to en",
COOLIDGEHERE
ON TRIP SOUTH
iarding's Running Mate Met at
Station in Afternoon by
Local Committees.
Governor Coolidge, the Republican
iominoe for Vice President, will be
L visitor in Washingten thie Aher
k0011.
Orna b a*r -01M b C6y
rnor Coolidge, who exPeots to
wako a noiseless ehtrance 1nto te
ity at 2 o'cl*ck fros POidel
rhero he addressed a mass 1eeti=g
get nigtt that was anything but a
oent demonstration.
CONV=5 LMADERS 3E3E.
The Vice Presidential nominee in
ende making only a brief visit to
Washington for the purpose of con
sulting with Republican leadeis here
n national issues. He will leave
unday afternoon on a special train
t 2.80 o'clock on a week's tour of
Kesitucky, Tennessee. North Carolina.
firginla. West Virginia and Mary
and, returning here October 24. Ao
ompanying him on this trip will be
lovernor Morrow of Kentucky. Gov
rnor Lowden of Illinois and Job
[edges. a prominent New York Re
ublican.
Despite Governor Coolidge's desire
!or quiet, he will be met at the
Jnion Station by representatives of
he various Republican clubs and
ommittees in Washington. Arrange
nents will be made to have the nom
nee meet newspaper men during the
afternoon. It was announced that
Lide from political conferences noth
ag would be allowed to interrupt Gov.
1oolidge during his brief stay in the
aty.
GOS To K NTUCKY.
Gov. Coolidge will go direct to
Ifount Sterling, Ky., from here, speak
ng here Monday morning. He will
ake speeches in &bout fifteen Ken
ucky towns on the first day and the
same number on Tuesday.
Following is Governor Coolidge's
tinerary: Meeting at Mount Sterling,
Lt 9:40 p. in., passing through Win
!hester, Staunton, Torrent, Jackson
Bettysville, Irvine, Richmnod Lan
:aster. Standford and Junction City,
Ky., at all of which places the Gov
rnor's Special as the candidate's
train is called, will stop. There will
be a night meeting at Somerset where
3oi. Coolidge arrites at 7:45 p. m.
Leaving Somerset on Tuesday at
1:15 a. m.. the special will stop at
Function City. Mount Vernan. London,
orbln, Barbourville. Pineville. Har
lan. Lynch and Middlesborough, Ky.,
rhere there will be another night
meeting.
At Hagerstown. Md., he will speak
he following Saturday afternoon at
:30 o'clock and again at Frederick
rt 8 o'clock. He will reach Washing
on on his return Sunday week. Octo
ber 24. at 7 o'clock in the morning.
Spent By
ices In 1919
uxurious one all right. The grand
otat, when added up, amounts to
122700000,000 handed out for other
hings tilan necessities.
A' round billion went for cdady.
Pannd, organs and phonographs
entertaned the people to the tune of
P250000,009. Automobiles cost $2,000,.
)00000.
Here are some of the high spota in
the nation's luxury bill:
Soft drifikas, $350,000,000;: toilet
woap.Si.00000; tobacco and snuff.
PN00,.000 icle-cream. $250,000,000;
mhewing-gum, $50,000,000; cake and
:onfActions, $350.000,000; "luxurious
services," $3,000,000,000: luxurious
ood. $ll,000,000.000: joy riding, pleas
MILLION MEN
LEAVE MIS
Workers Quit Posts Todaf Ina
Coal Tie-up to Assrt Labor
Independence.
FOOD RATIONING BEGUN
England's Strength in Test as
Lloyd George Issues
Frantic Appeal.
PRMR APPEAIS TO
NATIOS RMfSISTANG
LONDON, Oct. 16.-"The nation
must and will resist such an at
tack with all its strength, and
there can be no doubt as to the
issue," says Premier loyd
George in an appeal to the
people of the United Kingdom
this afternoon.
"All citizens must help," adds
the Premier's appeal, which gives
an outline of how be had plead
ad with the coal, miners' load
era .that there must be no cessa
tion of work "until the misfor
tune cannot longer be avoided."
The prime minister in his pro
clamation emphasizes that the
most important duty of the public
is to remain calm.
BrEARLE C. REEVUS.'
Intawtional News Msreeso.
WONUMI c. ): IL16AW grat,
I. ?hoka *p MD t4 lotn
4 mon than 10 00 nss is
not .edinlee Wn ge te et entil
tonight, reporta bra the coa &d,
especiafy those in South Wales.
show that hundreds of dmaund of
daer. refused to touch their tool.
thin niaig.
ENGLAND If NU.AJWC.
Frantic efforts by the bovernment
and the few "pacifst" leaders of the
coal miners' organisatigE to bring
about a settlebent early today broke
down completely, though 'throughout
the night every ounce of prsuasive
power, and cono0liato~y effort had
been enlisted to avert a crisis that
threatens to plunge Britain into in
calclable industrial paralysis at the
very moment when the country was
beginning to recoup from the great
war.
The peace negotiations are at a
complete standstill and there is not
a ray of hope at the hour of cablina
that the crisis may be averted.
Hard on the heeos of an appeal to
the nation by Premier ILoyd George
to "resist such an attack with all
our strength," came a statement by
the miners' leaders setting forth
their side.
In it they asserted that they al
lowed ample time for peaceftl nego
tiations, modified their claims, and
suspended the strike twice.
The minert' spokesmen declared in
their statement that they showed
every anxety to avoid conflict. but
were "foroed Into the strike by the
unyielding attitude of the govern
ment In the face of reasonable claims
warrante4 by the cost of living and
the position of the industry."
MINERA isu STA1EE11NT.
The statement adds:
"We know the suffering for our
selves and our families that the
strike involved, but the government's
attitude left us no honorable alterna
tive."
The miners at their all-night execu
tive meeting decided to .make a
"straight wage fight,' dropping all]
incidental issues, particularly such asl
might be intrepreted as political quo.
tions. They agree to stand pat en
these claims:
An advance of 48 cents a shift torE
workers over eighteen years of age;
24 cents a shift for workers between
sixteen and eighteen years old, and
18 cents a shift for those under ix
teen.
The claim is based chiefly on the
increased living costs.
The Government's offer to submit
the demands to an impartial tribunal
was flatly rejected by the miners en
ecutive committee.
The strike, which commenced "un
officially" this morning, will 'official
ly" go into effect tonIght, but Its full
proportions will not be calculable un
til Monday.
DOWNING STRU'IP3 WOPE,
Meanwhile the British government
an "old hand" at combating strikes,
is doing everything it can to inspire
the public with calmness and com
fience, announcing it plans to meet
all contingencies and has taken all
pre'eautionary measures.
Dowing street's own hopes are
based on its experiences with the megt
railway atrike and the whole-hearted
co-operation It received from the
Publib at that time, especially In Len
don, where dukes 'loined olerks and
society belies rubbed elbows with
(n~tinued am Page 2. Column *.)

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