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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, December 05, 1920, FINAL EDITION, Image 13

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Hearst's E
?RAIING 4NOW.
TAKEN TO VETS
Os-time "Cold Shoulder" Out
fit" is Now "Glad Hand'
OrpMzatln.
HEARST CHARGES ALL TRUE
New Director, Warn gaint
Papers, Says.They.J
IN 't,
6 Uinele ,Sam making good on Ite
prouises to the men and woesen who
eersed him in the war and seivwed?
Has he kept the faith with t&ede
pendent loved ones of those who
eep, the eternal sleep under foreign
sodt
IHe the gratitude of the AIil
e- i been translated int6 plse
t help for those who reiwmed
broken in pocket, body or mind?
A thorough survey of the three
Fedeal apeneies dealing with die
abled solders has been made for the
Hearst Sunday papers.. It is, de
soribed in sit-articles, divided into
three installments, the last of which
is herewith preseted.
ihis work has been done by
Charles 0. Power, of the Boston
staff. During the war he was an
official vocational adviser of' die-.
abled soldiers for the Federal Board
for Vocational Education.
Progress is noted and praise$.
Suggestions are made for further
improvement. What criticism there
is is directed at those who -have
shown lack of grasp or indiffer
enec.
A series of articles by Mr. Power
in the Hearst papers a little more
than a year ago stirred the con
science of the country. They caused
Congress to realize how sick and
wounded service men had been neg
leeteda-because three Government
agencies had failed to function in
a big way.
These agencies have improved
greatly. They have adopted many
suggestions made in these columns.
But there is still much to be done.
Mr. Power's survey is made at
the suggestion of the men for whom
help is needed at the incoming sea
sion of Congress. It tells what has
been done, what has not been done,
and what should be done.
These young men know the United
States is facing a scourge of insan
ity and tuberculosis unless money .it
appropriated for more and bette'
hospital service.
Much of the Goveh-nmenIt's cre
of its disabled heroes is .by proxy.
There is official friction through
misunderstandings and unconscious
jealousy.
Co-ordination of the three Govern.
ment services under a single dire t
ing head is absolutely essential.
By CHARLES 0. ?OW*R.
Artiele t. f f
Training -Disabled Heroes.
Much has been done in the last year
to improve the lot of the sicl '.nd
wounded American men 'nd woater
who saw service in the United AStles
military and naval forces during thc
war.
Much has been done 't9 improve.the
!ot of the dependent-mothers, wives
and children--of thoSe who' iade tit
eupreme sacrifice.
One of the Government's greatest
agencies in the line of human repai:
work. its chief reliance for the re
establishment of brdken .me and
women in useful and-gain.ful civil m
loyment. is the Federal Board for
,vocational Education.
It seemed. a year #ge. this -boar 1.
hiad fallen down -on its jdb completely
*--not ,only had shamefully neglected,
but also had practically forsaken the
poor wrecks of war given .over to its
care,
it seemed as if the board hiad be
come hopelessly tangled in a web of
-ed-tape of its own weaving. ITs
policy; seemed to be to see how little
it could give in the way of re-educa
,don anid care, how many obstacles it
, 'uld place in the path of tile eligible
,.ian before he succeeded inpasn
its fantastic tests.pain
it appeared its purpose was to co'i
vince the disabled they weie entitled
in no: rewards or sentimental con
:ienation from their Government. but
wcould- become recipients of charity or
xrudging favor if they should take
vocatibal training.
IWorse Than Qhaotic
The e thing. not only seemed so,
iut t~ey were so. Condaloas were
ie orge than chaotic; they. were. heart.
Iess. 'The Hearut papers were de
d ared "sepsational" by the board and
;ts friends when they denounced the
incompetent ogicials and exposed tile
--onditions.
.A htbe and cry wasn made that the
.uisabled would be discouraged from
ocking for their rights because of the
elsneoures. The eHarnt papers had
e'one, the disabled a grievousn wrong.
,.ewile the publicity department of
*a board. Some few timid news
-p r. and Congressnional failures
4choed the howl.
The disabled soldier and sailor boys
t'd not think so. They -knew their
suse had found a champion.Th
a~merican Legion wan not deceived
.1y theo clamor of the board. The
Legion's official publication investi
rated and substantiiated the indict
mient. of the board by, the Heartt
papeirs.
Then Congress woke up and ii.
tend to the Legion, which subte..rI
In proper form many of the sugges
t ons' for the benefical legislation
v'oiced by the Hearet papers. Board
offieil.i resigned, other. were shift
-d.t usemes anri baffling procedure
,ave way to a more sensible code.
Then, while the bo'arr was er -oping
along camne l'l W. Lemkin of Mi.
. nurn. Io take the place of director.
ife ids been in thati positton for a
xposes an
commn sense. He is a human being.
He caanot become a bureaucrat. He
is plaiy, honest, unuriag and refuses
to forget that the boprd is aservice
"for the disabled war serv4ce people
and net a slnecure for civil service
clerks. Me said to' me the'etber day:
';Oae of the talags I wqe told when
I came to Was ingteh was that the
Hearst papers were the board's
enemy and were looking for oppor
tualties to make senastioaal attacks
and were not disposed to be beiptui.
I was shown the artcles. which you
had written as evidqmee of ltis
charge.' I tad them refuily and
mde intuires aloud' thd lines they
indicated.- I soon found myself in ac
cord with them and am glad to say
they helped my vision. They were
helpful-as ell as.critical,":,
Lamkin not tesitate to adopt
saggestions'I had male to his august
ptddeclseek. To tlie disagid man, a
ygyr ago, the FVderal bhprd was a
sd-ehoulder pertsonsl. 'Today it as
r slahan# orgtisaon."
he ehadse in atmosphere was or
dered, by Lamkin. The Hearst papers
showed the pecessity for it if the
Iioarld's -work: tre. to. be saved troam
failure.
A yea alo persons- not employed
by the board sat in judgment on
cases. One represented employes and
the other organised labor. In every
one of the fourteen districts these
Spekurs, whose appointments were
aps to the elements they represented.
delayed the game. Half of them
wett not fitted by education. training,
or experience to decide these cses.
They never saw the disabled, they
never had the time to stutly the pa
pers in the cases. They were abso
lutely unnecessary.
Without Truckling I
That was one of the contentions
of my former series of articles. These
useless adjuncts were discarded by
Lamkin in short order.
The Federal board does its work
now without outside assistance ari
without truckling to any organiza
tioh.. It takes all, the credit and all
the blame now.
A year ago all final decisions as
to training were made in Washing
ton. That resulted in piling up the
mountain of cases which caused so
much delay and confusion. . That
rule was nothing but a courtesy to
the rulers of the board in Washing
ton. It was a concession to self
conc-it. It did not make for effi
ciency or Justice. The Hearst papers
said so. It was a shocking thing to
say then, a year ago. But it is not
the rule now, and has not been for
several months.
Under Lamkin the districts make
all the decisions. They decide the
applicant's eligibility. his feasible
tcaining, the place of training, and
they follow him through ,training
and Into employment. They even
hear the appeals of boys who object
to decisions'in their cases. Only the
very few cases of second appeals, or
petitions for final revjews of cases,
now go :o the adjustment board at
Ws-lhngton. I suggested as much a
year ago.
There *ere heaps of paper work
in every case a s ear ago. Much of it
was silly and senseless. It made a
maze In which the disAbled'man be
camelost- That was pictured in the
Hearst papers.. Since then the fold
ers and the files ,have been purged of
this stuff, the fArm sheets cut down
and several cut out, thus conserving
time and energy and svoiding irri
tating delays.
A year agr a t-d 'h preference as
to vocational training did not
amount to much and there was no
regularly established method of ap
peal if he was declared ineligible for
training. Those were not oversights:
thty were evidencesof indifference.
But that is all changed now. and
changed in the'why this paper and
its associates demanded.
Bad Features. .
The spot light of Hearst publicity
of a year ago disclosed the following
objectionable features:
That the beard's doctors were too
fussy and assumed privileges as vo
cational-advisers too often;
That too much was made of cold
paper briefs and too little attention
given to the man himself;
That mysterious codes of the,
board worked to defeat the intent of
the laws of Congress;
That too heavy a bureden of proof
was placed upon the boy:
That delays could be avoided if
common sense could take ttbe place
of conceit:
Tha local offices were nothing but
collectIng agencies and should have
power to handle cases from contact
through training and into ~employ
ment;
That training pay for men and al
lowances for dependents were dis
gracefully paltry:
That the policy which refused
training unt.l a man had proved he
was unable to return to his old job
was in Insolent contravention of the
purpose of the law and causing a
great deal pf suffering:
That section 3 trailing, which
gave a man tuition and nothing but
his partial compensation , with which
to support himself, was a cheap make
shft ;
That the board had viojtted its
plain obligations under the law, had
repudiated the promise.s of Its ftubi
eationa distributed by the million
aniong the disabled in camps and hos
pitals, and bj itse general muddled at
titude tows rt he whbole question was
ereating a feeling of distrust of their
G'overnment among the American vic
tims of the war.
It Is a pleasure to record the great
ehangre that has taken place Practi
rally all those objectionable features
have been wiped out. If' is worth
while to tell .of the new procedure
and the new vision.
Today in every distrig t there is a
~ontact unit, in moSt, initances head
id by an exsservice man, whose duty
it ie to find every met discharged
with a disability and'secure for .him
all the evidence necessary tn show
hic right to training. The responsi
bility rests not upon the man but
upon the contact unit to secure this
avidence. Thle four things necessary
are: Honorable discharge from the
?ervice4 disability incurred in the
service, that the disability is a v-o
Battonal handicap and that training
Is feasible.
When declared eligible for train -
ing the than is referred at once 'I
Ihe supervisor of the loi'al office Isr.
-Itory in which he resides, T?'tu io.
tnrvi"r is lrharel s;itn r'turnenq
d Director Lamkin Work Wond
These Gate. Should Stay Open - ByMoynawn
- e -
40,
cient and has. inal and full isuthori -i oi wnn ccc :, procperly trai ad can suruce of future usefuin!ss and hao
to give him stueh training. pr.ir - I.. tmlcOc- cl-l an m t' i nt. Iitiuness.
tory to mplo'ment as in his judg- and thce . .1 1I. 11itral oIliard to lcIctors ,r the. army and Public
ment and in the judgmecnt of the noin a icw a .an t m...,n..mc hs land:- l italIt S.-ervwe hn -., .:n.-times dis
is best suited to him. tap throcugih pro"p.r traiinig iathrr a:.;r-i n t.. whither or not a man
A year ago such a thing; aics im- tii to turn .a l ii - * c h myn t I rl a di.,ability. tViaally this quecs
possible. There wits too muic- lydi. haclf-tr;c n-i nin stuff . t It-i di.- t,.i ;.roie in c-ases if tuberculosis.
vided responsibility. too t.at jcn ty pet t caliht i- s ir -n "i.-n I c .. of I.irmiin s:ys that any nin who has
section hands to add paper u, dght t.. ihr"nol' y :..bet.ulo'- is handicap~ped. In
cases and a hulking plhoi-cn-t d.- 'I he bil. um:b. I .anicnin hc.c" put struiio-tcns ii.'. he. - sent out to give
vision to buiyk; - h:at the- itl. for .. .. C. Iral m th n...1 Ifi. benefi t ~f the doubt and
District offices art still itcnii h. pchic'. t b- ,>-c. I~h.- i hui has .pprove itr tuor a yiar's traipinr . in
the district] ocatlional off,,.- . iI- 1.in nai. nicliic..te Whc.n a man hich timl- thc- clc-.-ters are expected
has two or more assistant dil-ti p uct in tr.i:li.: ow. i.- i- to I . to bI ali- , agre . in tneir diagnosis
vocational offteeri . one of ac- iIti I,' h"pm is k rp t r it cri u,- h .,;.- .i+ h. l i. h f twi:.., iar . cn"iibtirn. This is an
in charge of a section whi.n ai,-i- it i 1- , I ' cocirnclly r" -;itilidah'ar . pro- cth.r inst.nce of ith- board-s growth
a supervisory capaeity. but nc-e i- iti ld alwatyis h.- nik c ar: . ffucrt to it oI rror i, ui r a r ding.
an executiv1. capacity. in fith. trn- accomplish lcs rc h.iitc cn Th.- Ant crcani i.ecion and the
ing of men. Another assist:ait - _. t r.c a i Prign Wari and other
general charge of the lia II Qi blr tha o-rginizt ions have a co-oper
forces to sc- that they are funeri-t- WhyQi a finc ,i ty with th.- board. Some
ing properly and that nc'essdT v r . m toes. t.!. d in tra.ct.?c in shops fr at
ords are kept and filed. w-flri: ic soi- aftr training. have
There is a records and files Ii iw-cr Tii aspirctions of a niin : .r now % v ' ' !"lu tic nI-rIn t.. the rules of the
and assistants for euch distrwt )I- considered. .. \ . e" i" w- old pil,. Their dc-tic awe has had a bad
five, also a chief tlerk. w%h. has of the baneful . If.< " o a polcey effc- t upon othc-r wocrkmen.
charge of all 'Government pIrifpirty which took no l t ,i t"." arnhitions lEmployers. in s-me 'Cases. have
and the financial transaction- With of m n, but sq.;u- ih... tiw n in the ""m." to the 'n-ius.ni that they will
the men. That is tIie executiv.- side of mrilt of rigid ti-sI not bi bocth.redi with service men
it. JLamkth it.edl .c a main r o" in- -ither as trainee: or employes. Thus,
Take the training to itic- rian' -tances to nt. cf ti. aiip :s I hum the prospects of the many are in
That is what we demanded a .c-ar of boys witt bh ir. c ations fron mired hv the unruly few. It is the
ago. That is what Lamkin has don,. -the Iieisioni of lioi .d supervisors c"ase cf the bad apple in the barrel.
The present theory is that the local who had interprete d too literally the The service organizations should up
office :ctpervisor. who is in dtirct rmedical repct 's. ()n"% was it young hold the board in its efforts to dia
contact with the man, is tic conti u tr-an who worked as a stenographer ''ipI.e this class of trouble makers.
advisement from the tim.' the ufn during Ih cdiay and intendtil to at
has been declared eligible in ith" t nd law scloolt in thi evening
time he is returned to employment, to .li went into tih- tniitarv service
counsel with hinm. to 5c-e that hi :.Zet-c Iiafwmnh atrh rie
proper care' and medcical attention, and in Weishinigittn Thi- taw ichlct htad acti'shw htteaere
to act uipon the information which hi'tc oiri.Ti' tcc ca cte' ttunn ais ho that te manverage
has of the man rather than upon te no- pnd h eia fie' tann a s$03 e a e
in formation he gets from a let ten or opinion was t hat hccei cul cii back icnath Noc man receives aless than
suvyo h a ysmoees ohis~ rmner oc~itccutin as5 a nta iome difference fromnt year ago.
somvey ofsthe anay smoec sitenographer. It he had beenO a whIen the liearst papcers blazoned to
The local oric-es were opened fcr tlawVyir hi' wouild liovei stiff.d ac vt o- the wiorntl the miserable scale of pay
three purposes -to get into imme~di- cra tinal hand icapia ml couhi i rieceive that the men were receIving and told
ate and clome contact with the man, trasining.- - - harrowing stories of the suilferi ngs of
because he could be more satisfa' T he medlical ofticcr was iiskied to those depcendent upon them.
torily and economically followed up~ t'ub- if the man wa-s- entci'd to) re- The necxt Senate totust pass the
in. his training, and because more up- cive Krniningc undecr ec-t ic-n :. Th.' I arrow bill. It- procides for ai flat.
pruiiscldbe opened for t riI ruli ng wais that thcei nou i have-c bee'n innceas- of $20 a month for ciiery
pnrtthit cis old be opineddbcmail or Ici-ictheeni enic rapher. Itrai nec. It - is a recognition of the
from the district offIce. The board This ruhtng was ove'--rrttb-c atnd thc high c'ost of the nicecssities of lhie.
now has 1"5 local offies. int prae- mtan wasic aipproved fccr :-u cicurse itn The hill lid niot pass the last Con
ticaily every .state, la c--t i tw, t n i tIi ress. but a richer to thte same effect
Iprevious nmhition. was attached to thie standry civil bill.
I Leadin-g Factors. etitiec to ftull trainIne twardI on c'nedi it by~getting through an amend.
one ground, why not'lit him talte the merit to havce the increase apply only
flac totheoldjob s n lagekind he wantA, if it is a phiysical and w-here thti cost of living is above theF
Bac toth ol jo i nolanermintal possibility for him to do so. ave rage and comparatively hl~gg. The
Heard in the F"ederal board offices That was thcc positiont cit the 11ears- board htad tic decide.
"cYou may have been wounded, but tiapers a year aigo. It has been ap- The outcome is that approximately
lo aen oaioa adcp" isroved by the bcoardt. 62 pccr cent of the men in training
to aen oalnlhnia.-i t is planning to heiar the hc'.Mc of under sectIon 2 htavi been pacid the
whispered now where it, used to be the .board. Mcr. Lamuitt, say this- maximum increased allowance. Train
uhouted. Trhe elaborate sche'dule of 'Trinting Is fiasile if c'mtploymoeni cng pay ttow nrtns from $80 for a
major, minor and negligible hanhi- is feaiblhe. O1nly through thorn ugh -singlec man with no dependents to
caps, worked out by the codic ex 'training cicn a mnt~r's hinmlic-ict tcc re- $170( for a tmarricc nman w ith a large
perts, has been scrapped and the j'uvicedl. Ther' ar- two ig~ ricasotni family.
rul' now is that a main either is for giving traiingti to a dlisah-t1 main. Thie i'xpenses of the board to Au
handicapped or he is not.. - - . "A~ trai-ned man is w-urtht mo-cc to gtist '10I. 19201. ne C.' nearly $34~.000.
We said a year ago that thise slo- societ' than ani unrtraiini oni.. He 00011. Appropriaitions ouf $90O.000 for
gans and schedules were too mean lmade his sacriici for thei 'iovernmeicnl. lihe year endling .tuly 30). 1921. and
and too cheap to standI the test of i it Is his right to h iv whtat is left of .7s,000t.000i fcor the year ending .luly
public opinion. The whole qutestion i imo rnaddi acc- ifficth-nlt as tiossibhle. ih0, 1922. arc' being asked for. It is
of returnIng a disabled man to suit- ct$ooner or la-tir. it may hic, hei ccill cestimtt-c that t here will he 00.000
able clvii employment. Lamikin sayc, not he as crnitloyabb-c as a mani who men iapprcoved for full training, onr
must be largecly .worked out Ott the has not sufferi-i a Ichysical dlisabcility sectlin 2 consideration. The fatrec of
byaas of a man's preffrence. intelli- unless it' i-an more than off-cct hic secition t should be abolished. E'very
Kently considered with - four other iffrmity icy skill that c-omc-s thcrotugh man whoc icas suaffered n disability
factors-previous education. previ- training. itn th- si-ruicec shotuld be fully trained
*u cuainleprecntr and fully paul wh ile being trained.
of disability and probability of e-it , To sacy a roan is eligible for War
ployment H umian Atitude6 I Itk ccimtpensation -that I,. is 10) per
Medlical advice is *ouight and toti __________________________ c't cdamagedl. hbit is not hurt voc
lowed in dreciding whethe, ti-ti ce- cainali. bud esidta
pation desiiredl is fesiublc- tor thi-e l coI of~ci 'otirnd Antriennit I cyar Ito. ti itrate it sai, tht
man's disabihity. liut thei dctc i eniiicidl ithati tie tion ernmnc-lt ive i t- I-.-de.r: ;iecd aigrebt ith us, iand
no longir tirged Itc repidtu Khatc tite c- :clcbc-l tlcant the tracining thli Kt.e i Arneria lecgoi .Il ins in the
man has no voititocnat h-,ndhh iip a wants Ii itic, r to itne Ici enlitiicvv demniti iihrough u-' legisclaitorn.m
along thelc n ntti h,.Ic ptioiuis c-en lof emplitniicni, that ti htta mtc it' ti nittc ic'tigr,5.c shouiti stop being
ploycmnent anti conid ist -ti n ti oi' meld lastist-. 1h prccci Inc. citizecn inc'. iod Iues' iun- aboutt .t
}cob. Hows sccnie cit thei lal fc liii 'cC a i irnthi'ltt mi ,1cl-trbin-: i-IC- Timcningu -lihiluhri h uet Kn tileri
atmong thic doctor. hatedi nt k iti' ttci t ofc li t y.cenn , itlizens~ whc u'ight In thi' arils
much a rutlinig a yearn ago and hicwc I-'t is not Ic-tw ih, tccdic' cif thei of .ce atht Folccr exampcle, ccup~pose~
some of- the cldi cranli, lcvedi In -i0 bacrdi tic tincic-lv nitr cc- *I'ablli-c ch Aniei ci-, ht-noracibly *iiecircd
it' tmat in tiu- formeri cmpotutc r ni- c. u t t t c- th, itia nt '.- o~iilcned t'
HIere I- iht. hcg idea 'h-e iiear'.t|I ceantsec of' hM scrKic .s tic is cci cu turtns Ic-l'- aind ausksc cmi training
mape-rs foight foir Icn 5a ca o Tr. .e ;. ,.-'- a ,i ic i-., cc itdcc '-op , .i , . He. ciit' it .
ic n it!g - to the i --c--c-Il If- m .ii c i.s 'c h i- . ., 'cei b -- ' - ' -t. c-.' c d id n i '',;- of I
ers With I
I tited sates and saw ao overseas
service. who got so further than a
training camp. and who ia hurt while
o duty there or cuatracts a disease
which I. a handicap, can be trained
by the buad for new civil employ
mea t.
. Provision ahould be Wade for the
traislag of the widows mad orphans
whose husbasada ad parents were
killed ia the war. The ma would
have supported his wife and gfvea
his children as education had he not
gives his life to his country.
Now the widow has to aubport the
home. Mhe should be traiaed to
make the most out of her busless op
portunitles and to take t1e place of
her humband as an earner; to be able
to give her children the educatioe
they would have had'and to prevent
their being obliged to sacrince their
ambitions through the necessity of
becoming bread winners.
How to handle epileptics Is a big
problem. There are two ways. ome
to place them in exclusive instltu
tlons where training Is certain to be
given and the other is to give them
tr;lsing that- ia feasible outside of
the Iastitutions. The boardlpreters
the latter. It believes.that segregat
ing the men in large groups em
phasises their disability end tends to
aggravste their trouble rather then
to alleviate if.
As coop as these men are dis
charged the board would like to
place them in training, either In in
-titutions or in placement training,
under competent medical supervision.
or with an employer who understands
the man's ceae and under such per
sonal supervision and assistance from
the board as will enable him to realise
to the fullest his remaining agility.
These figur. s ARE interesting:
From .luly I to September 15 the
total registration of applications in
creased 214,000. while the pending
tames decreised in the same time
26,0nE). This shows that there is no
falling off Its .et in the training
crop and that the machinery for
handling it it working smoothly.
Summary of Work '
In the following summary of the
hoard's work. Section 2 training
means an unlimited course with the
most generous pay, while Section 3
means free tuition and books only
from the board, the man to support
himself on the compensation re
ceived from the War Risk Bureau
awarded according to the rating of
disability.
Total eligible. Section 2. 82.855:
total net registration. 272.764: com
pleted training. Section 2, 1,613; Sec
tion 3. 136: Section 6. 4; total, 1.753:
men now in training. Section '. 38,180;
Section 3. 4.579; Section 6. 95; total.
42.856.
To the number now in training
should be added 7.197 men in train-.
ing in hospitals who are not included
in these figures, making a total of
men in training on Septerpber 15 of
:0.0:1. There are f21 ex-service staff
memnbers on the board and 429 who
are not ea-service men. The board
takes the position that where an ex
service man is qualified he should be
given preference.
CHAPTER VI.
Training in Hospitals. I
Another view of the picture is the,
training of men who have to have it,
brought home to them-the men in
the public health hospitals, private
sanitoria, soldiers' homes and com
munity centers. Little is generally
known about that.
The man in charge of that work
for the Government is Lieut. Col.
Horace f. Fvans. For many months,
during the war he was- chief of the
division of reconstruction and as
signed to the office of the surgeon
general of the army.
Colonel l.vtns 'tells the story in
the following statement written for
the Hearst papers:
In view of the fact that about 69
per cent of the army hospital popula
tion had been taking advantage of
some form of training while in the
hospital, it became early apparent
that, unless these men should suffer a
loss after discharge from service by
not connecting this work up with ad
ditional training and a future voca.
tion. it was necessary to establish
in public health hospitals and other
institutions such training as would
best meet the requirements of men,
considering their physical condition.
There were several conferences with
the Public Health Service, and a plan
was worked out whereby the Federal
Board would furnish educational di
rectors and teachers for the men in
these hospitals.
The planning and actual work
1.-egan practically in February. 1920.
During that month we had three cen-'
tern in operation, with five instruc-'
tors and ninety-five men in training.
The work has grown so that at the'
end of September we had places with:
288 teachers and 3.580 men in train
ing. One of the greatest obstacles in,
the way of training In the Public
Health hospitals has been lack of
space. Most of these institutions
have been crowded to the limit, and
it as almost a physical ImpossIbility
to provide suitable space for voca
tional training. This, however, has
been met in the bent way posaible in
twenty-three public health hospItals,
where we now have twelve teachers.
with 1,567 men In traini-ng.
Evans' Report
"The hospital unats base been
smnai. Which has made It impossable
for us to rurnish personnel with sut
fleient variety of aftainments to do
the best work. This cannot be over
tome' until the men ate concentrated
Into larger units.
"The private sanatoria have been
used largely by the lBureaui of ~r
Rink in placing patients who were
not able to be accomnmodated in the
PublIe Health hospitals. Up to Sep
tember I we had provided vocationali
trainIng In thirty-six private sanati
riat.'with fifty.nine teachers and 877
men in training. We have had to on
rotunter the samne difmculties in regArd
to space afid the small numbers of
patients In these hospItals that we
have had to encounter in the Public
ihealth hospitals.
'The rewint effort upon the part
nt the llureau of War isk' and Pub
lie~ Health to centraizse the men in
larger units will enable us to over
rome this trouble, providing that un
rir the pressurte of bed space thaey'
are tint led to forget it i' .just its ex
aentinal int a well-cequitpped Inst itutaiona
In make provimion for precvocational
iand vocationl trauiniung as It is to
provide ior aen' thter phu - of the
sfforts that :tre putt forth tn resnto:c
me n thao ir'h m s ca a
et T Ticun a, promu ed our mi lost em -
'- cel e nr-ori- itu Ho ew, -'
,a ninrre-ig--uni A ,tnt the. ic s.
c'n It 4 cod 'a .usnaigenicent ot
.S. Vocati'
the soldiers' homes is causing a
great deal of esafusio at this time.
It has boom arranged that ceartaa
soldiers' holes be emtirely vacated
by the ee of prevleue ware and de
voted eacfeifively to world war mos.
This arrangement would work to the
great advantage of the Federal board
f, is the allotment of bed space and
the provisioss for the care of theso
men, the Federal board's interests
were provided for by alloting auf
fIcient space to meet the require.
meats or these homer.
I op i varies
"it is underate"d that men will be
segregated. In %omea in accordasme
with .disaWlity. Take. for example.
the home which has boon designated
for the tuberculous at Johnson City.
Team. We pow have 140. or more ea
service men in traialag at that home.
Perhaps a physical examinaties
wo establish the fact that oe
thI et These could and would be as
sigsed to the home- on the grounds
that their lesions had not aufficiemtly
bedlied to justify them is being dis
missed.
remaiming two-thirds would
pro ly be classed as arrested eases,
havi -boom arrested for a suffscient
leg of time to be engaged in train
iag deramedical supervision.
"A yet there seems to be a lack
of udty in opinion as to how to best
meet this situation. A recent com
munication from Dr. H. A. Pattison
urges the board to equip its shops
and provide for suitable training en
the grounds that all the men will be
retained in Johnson City for a num
ber of months after their lesions
have healed to permit of sufficient
time elapsing to Insure against a
possible relapse. During this period
Dr. Pattison, who is meaical field
aecretary of the National Tubercu
losis Association of New York City.
together with those of the Federal
board who are interested in voca.
tional training, feel that it is very
important that facilities be provided
to supply this training.
"Dr. Q. L. Iellis, however. In a
recent communication, outlines a
plan whereby occupational therapy
shall be done by individuals who are
skilled in this work and furnisfed by
the Federal board, and that some
prevocational training be provided
for the men before discharge from
the hospital. He expressed a decided
preference (or the idea that all vo
cational training proper should be
done off the reseryation of a Soldiers'
home, and suggests that the Federal
board establish a school adjacent to
the soldiers' home, where these men
can take their training and at the
same time be under medical observa
tion. Dr. Bellis is medical director
and superintendent St the soldiers'
home at Johnson City, an institution
that is now being devoted entirely to
tuberculous ex-service men of the
recent war. -
"It is my opinion that the objects
to be attained are identical in each
of the views presented, but the
practical methods of accomplishing
what is desired are at variance. It 's
my personal belief that the log!cal
thing to do is fof the governor of the
Soldiers' Home to erect the shon
buildings. such as were under '-on
templation some time ago, and in ad
dition to these buildings add a suf
ficient floor spaca to ac onmad-ite
at least four school room'.
"It was contemplated tht this
building should).e located . ute near
the car line and at the ed'e if the
hospital resertations. If the building
were thus erected it would enable
the hospital to use the splendbi ward
that is now being used for teachinir
purposes for the purpose o' ho!sing
the hospital patients, and give the
vocational training more suitable
quarters for their school vo"k than
this ward.
"It occurs to me that it ise(rfrct
ly feasible to permit the married
men who ate living in Johnsoa City
and others who come to this hospital
and later take some training while
they are patients and after they are
discharged, to locate in .Tohnson City,
and come as day students to this
school This would make it possible
for the board to furnish a very much
more complete equipment, a larger
staff and establish a better institu
tion to serve men both while in the
hospital and after their discharge. It
would also enable the hospital au
thorities to inspect the men whale at
work with very much less trouble
than to attempt to make the insper.
tion while the men are off the reser
vation
"It is my general understanding
that the capacity of this home is es
timated to be 1.000. In view of the
fact that the army hospital at Oteen,
N. C., is to be given up early in Oc
tober, and that the public health are
to take this over, and that this is
unquestionably one of the best loca
tions in America for a tuberculosis
hospital, the capacit~y being easily
1,000 to l.500l. this would make two
institutions within 100 miles of eaci
other, wii a total bed capacity df
2 500.
"My experierce with these men and
my knowledge of the distribution
leads me to heliere that it will not
be possible to collect a thousand at
either of these places. In that event
it looks to me to be a practical propo
sition for the Bureau of War Risk.
the P'ublie Health Service and the
Federal bosrd to have a definite un
derstanding, and an outlined policy
that until at least S0 per cent of the
bed space at any institution is actu
ally occupied with hospital patientsi,
such other space might be used by
the Federal. board trainees. The past
few weeks has not resulted in th-*
best work uat Johnson City because o.'
the disturbed conditions, and the
sooner a definite workable policy is
established the better it will be for
all services.
"Ii is uandersutood that the home
at Marion, lad., is to be used as a
hospital for the mental cases. tSome
weeks ago we re'ceivet a comnmunica
lion from Gen. George H. Wood noti.
rying us that such was the cas~e, and
that there vwould likely be nn train
ing there. anU that we had better re
rnove the personnel that we haye. He
is president of the oard of managetsa
of the National Solditers' Homes, WVe
rlid nint rreasignl our Dereinnel, but
set ,9 cnmmunication t in Geera
Wood. to Chlmlneley-.Jones, of the War
Itisk ilurestu und to I'?r iranklin 8;
mnn, nr the t-ociety 'or Mental I4'
giene of New Yonrk eitv. advisor nn
Lare oi mental rae, inclosing enpies
nf the propoused pta' 'if traittig ier
mental cases tiat hAs bren adopted
by the boari.
"This plan, we bet wve. exprespe the
mcdace position er o n who ar r hi
eble- to adstIre in regarcd to thre we?,
n tprt ides :. li .tQeh knerat
s..ui tv r'av. 'Id cc " iat whe
s . a al is a se t j da , a a
Anal Board
audilt dual sus) be gabeli. all of wuae.t
is to be done usader the diiectiaos .
the medical o0er ia charge.
"it is my Judgment that if we were
to withdraw from ,Mariun or any
other hospital. it would only be a
short tiae until ae would ha'e to re
enter in order to yret.eut just vriti
clim for our lack of prov.iding the
proper fae'ilities to (urnish the train
Jag these mea should have.
"in regard to the work in the
Soldiers' Home at LDayton and other
soldiers' homes where mixed cased,
are found, our work has gone beyond
the experimental stage and we are
now functioning in a very satisfac
tory Manner.
''dince the organization of these
training centers other duties tha'
merely training have been delegated
to the staff in the way of furnishing
statistics and information to ts dia.
trict offices and to the central office
in' what seems to be a very satis'
factory manner. but it is requiring
more clerical force than was original
ly coatlmplated, and this should not
be chargeable to vocational training
proper.
Exzperimental Center
"Some months ago I recommendet
that an experimental communt'
loeater should be established in each
of the fourteen district, in order to
see whether or not it wax a pratie
thing for the Federal board to
furnish teachers and conduct vel'ools
particularly for Class 3 men, or for
men who are in placement training
and need special instruction Ia orde
to more perfectly fit themcelves for
their lob, and. In addition. to car
for any men who might be designated
as Section 2 men, but, for reasons b"
yond their control, are unable t.
leave their hemer.
'It was not contemplated that iii
the community centers any men
should be cared for who u"re draw
ing compensation from the board
that is, their $8 training pay-, but to
meet the requirements of the oither
men. We have at the present time
fourteen such centers established.
However, they are not distributed
into each of the fourteen districts.
The result of this effort has been
that we have at present fourteen
community centers with thirty teach.
era. and 431 men in training. In
most of these the community ha.s
furnished the school rooms."
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Rheumatism
left Him As If
By Magic!
Had Sned
Over 50 Years!
Now 83 Years,
Yet a Big
Srpiris
To Friends
sb'mgth'
Goes Out
Fishing
Back to
Laughs a
"UnIC
ACID"
Raemels Startling
Facts Overlooked
By Doctors and
Scientists For Centuries
"I am e.ghty-ihree year, cad and I doo~
toted for rheumataam ever -ince I came out
of the army ov-er fifty years ago." wrtie
.T. 11. Atheiman. "'Lk. n-any others. I
spent money fre'ely for so-ca!led 'cure.'
and I have read about 'Uric Acid' unti: I
could almost taste It. I could not. *tep
nIghts or walk without pain; nay hands
were eo sore anti stiff I cooiel not hold a'
Den. Itut new, as at by maga- rie again
In active business and cain W'aak R.'h sase
or write all day' with mnort. nI' erds are
surprisedl at the change."
1i0W IT HAPPENE1).
'3ir. Aaekhemaa a. innsiy er o' ltho sands
who sufteredl for yeare, rnw1 g toe tie gener
at belief of thse oid,. fa.!w tIhfory that? "Ur.c'
Acid * causes rheumatumrr Thits erroneon
belief anedutced him ande :egons~ of unlar
tunate snen and woenr 'e, tak~a wrong
treatenct" Yoeu maght Jua4e as well at
tetmpt to rput ntu? a ? re. with eii un to it'y
end ;xet rid oif your rheuamatiem neuritis
and lake cumllainlts, by taking tr'ainments
susa ed e toe dirive t're Acid! 'it of your
blood anad bod' Menty t'hypiteans ane. l
entisa now kioa that tir,, Acid never d a
neve'r Ucaui ne'ver wi'? "aus.e rheumatismt.
thast it tu a naturel anal noes'eary c-onstitte.
ent oft the blood: that it is (nuned 'n every
nes -bore habe'; and that a i~thouat it We
coettbl nt? 1o'n'
Tlhc'e' i.atenlenis may~ 'ereme strange os
5e'ine fo'..a, 'a o hase .t! 4. ng lee-n ted tea
te eve in the cht "'twie .Scid huamhuqa. 19
1to.4 ?l. As.hte ten t~fix yeae's Itit f n r
this truth,. tre 'ei. -lihe'v t~ are te -d f
the. irue cal.: e f : C. i r4m 'e ' e'ie
"The tiner Myste-.- .e ni mrCa ibe bon .
tu-ea' be. ''i . ,- ufort *. -.-b- a ' uc rif,
th - ct t hi. -mI rcabr eithe f mes
w,:-.p the b,.i 'hee c.or ,-I - t ci- -
Isfilinia' 9- i ' I. : A-lsec iiio e' rh'ey
eeJI n la 'a 'I ,elt ec,*' A

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