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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, March 21, 1921, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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iuu~ 11,812. ~ ~WWASHINGTION, EODYJVEN ING, MARCH 21, 1921. c!IA?..< V R W
Teutonfo Element Wins Over
Slavs by 231,000 in
Plebiscite Sunday.
Province Has Mineral Deposits
That Mean Economio
LONDON. Mareh g1.G ay
will Petai Uppevr suede. Ae
- essding to adviese reedved hero e
at meem today. the plebiseite
theonghemt Upper Siesia yester
day resulted as fellows$
Ver Peiaad-MMa belits.
Eser 11,se440 ballots.
taterntiegal News Serviee.
BERLIN, March 21.-The Ger
over Pols =.n theplebiscite in
Upper Silesia yestrday and Upper
Sile: will remain German terri
torintead of being annexed to
Po , according to early returns
received here this niorning.
-Disorders were reported from Kat
towits, where shooting broke out dur
lag the balloting.
- The voting tren4 was shown by the
following returns from various cities
I nOe plebiscite zone.
, Beuthen-7 per eent of t1he vote
Tarnowita-85 per esat of thei.te
Kreusberg-S5 per cent of the vote
Kattowit--82 per cent of the vote
Oppeln reported 31,000 votes cast.
of which 30,000 were in favor of the
Germans and 11,000 in favor of Po- I
At Koenigshutte 50,000 votes were
east, 32,000 being in favor of the
Germans and 18,000 In favor of the
The fighting at Kattowitz was be
tween British and French soldiers, ac
cording to the following version con
tained in a dispatch to the Montags
"English and French troops en
gaged in a brawl at Kattowits. The
trouble Is alleged to have resulted
from the action of the English in re
proaching the French for not hinder
ing Poles who were creating disturb- I
According to the Tageblatt corre
spondent, Italian troops closed up the
polls in the Rybnik district. alleging
that fraud had been committed. Only
the Polish ballots were given out, it
.as declared.
Upper Silesia was under patrol by
-fritish. French, and Italian troops
.uring the balloting.
Germany claims that the retention
of this rich coal and ore-producing
province was a vital necessity to the
tadustrial life of the nation. The Ger
rans declared that if Upper Silesia
-rere lost, Germany would become a A
pocond or. maybe, a third class power. t
Two British Soldiers Killed t
When Sinn Feiners Bomb I
DUBLYN. March 21.-Twenty-nIne
persons who are known to have been
Iiled in the bloodiest week-end in
Ireland since the present ''campaign"
begia probable t\ at the death list
is much higher, since both sides
sinn Feiners and Crown forces--are
concealing their casualties. It was
eclared In some quarters today that
t he deaths may have totalled nearly
Inftyaddition to the dead, scores were
Two military lorries were bombed
in this city, two Britigh soldiers be
i-g killed outright aih six others
wounded. Three bystanders were
Fighting broke nut between Un
onists and Sinn Feiners at L.ondon
drry, but was quelled by troops.
A civilian we. mysteriously shot
dead in the heart of Cork.
Numerous ambuscades were re
parted from many districts through,-.
c Jt Southern Ireland.
8.nn Feiners and sympathizers cov
ered many parts of Dublin with
lacards appealing for "support ftr
tie Irish Republican Army against
the foreign invader." The police and
uoldiers were busy for hours tearing
down the posters.
Mrs. Patrick Doyle, widow of one of
the young Sinni Feiners executed by
he British in Mount Joy prison last
onday, died early today. 8he never
rooered from the shock of her hus
and's esection.
President Harding has se
lected Washington ardner of
Albion, Mich., to be Commis
sioner of Pensions it was learn
ed at the White House todays
Gardner is a former member
of Congress from the Third
Michigan District, servi from
1899 to1911. He is a War
Veteran and for two years was
Commander-in-Chief of the
Grand Army of the Republic.
He was born in Morrow county,
Ohio, the same county in which
the President was born.
Moves for Trade Alliance With
Japan to Bar Yank Capital
In Siberia.
Universal Service
PARIS, March 21.-Following
:onfirmation of the reports that
Japan is yielding to Great Britain's
persuasion and has decided to re
)pen commercial relations with
Russia immediately, diplomats al.
ready are voicing the fear that a
iew =##anm in sought by England
ever to . wuplace f Etente
.aleas well as -to- Feuideea
'ormidable- efforts of American
Inanciers to obtain a foothold in
France. moreover, while ostensibly
objecting to the Anglo-Russian trade
)act because it will drain Russian
rold to England to the detriment of
!rench investors in the Czarist loans,
tevertheless fears chiefly that Great
3ritaan may soon exhibit the same
eniency to Germany as to Russia,
rhich would leave France utterly
blone in opposition to Germany unless
tene Viviani, en route to the United
Itates, is able to persuade the Amer)
an Government to All the breach.
Officials here point out that Great
3ritain has chosen to sign a new al
lance the moment when the enforce
nent of the Versailles treaty is ap
iroaching a dangerous test on May 1.
when, if Germany has not paid the
2,000,000,000 marks in gold sum
narily demanded by the Allied ktepa
ations Commission, France will be
orced to make good her threat of a
urther invasion of Germany.
Faced with a situation in which she
rill either be forced to invade Ger
many alone or give up forever the
ope of the payment of the indemnity,
rance will undoubtedly turen to
merica as her sole salvation at this
me, with arguments of the strongest
ossible nature, which will certainly
Ive President Harding food for
France. for instance, will certainly
take the most of the fact that Eng
Lad and Japan are intent upon divid
it the Russian trade, products and
old, invalidating the contract, worth
illions. obtained by Washington D.
France will point out that inasmuch
to Germany. Italy. Japan and Great
ritain are commercially allied with
ie Soviets, the United States must
tevitably be forced into an alliance
ith France in order to provide for
se mutual protection of their inter
The Majority
of People
Are Honest
That is why moat of the lost
articles listed below will be
recovered. You may help.
bOO-Valuaabie French bail, strayed
wayrd Drmbarton ave. a month
SCOTCH COLLIE--Tan, female; an
swer to same of "Mignen," Monday.
FnAThgIrdTYIN--S. A. E., on sun
LACE SCARF--Biaek, aboit rd
tai Sunday evening, March 13; hand
some reward.
BWabbington Univrst tetitbook. nle r
1th and Colorado ave. N. W., morning
Nmorning invcteyk ofand 34th a
oras ae, and Dupont Cirole. Lib
Foree t et thee md eher shu
la adsm. eseate as ans ...a
Envoys of Both Sides Submit
Case to Labor Secretary.
Employes Stand Pat.
The friendly offices of the new
Administration were injected into a
labor dispute for the first time today
in an attempt to adjust peaceably
the differences between the packers
apd their employes and to avert the
strike that is threatened.
Both the packers and the employes
sent their representatives here to cop.
fer with Secretary of Labor Davis.
Secretary of Commerce Hoover and
Secretary of Agriculture Wallace will
also sit in at the conference, as any
thing affecting the packing industry
affects their respective departments.
The employes' interests are repr'
sented by Dennis Lane. Secretary of
the Meat Cutters' Union. and Red
mond Brennan. The packers are rep
resented by their attorneys, Carl
Meyer and James G. Condon.
After conferring with American
Federation of Labor officials. Lane
said the employes would stand square
ly on the arbitration agreement which
was effected during the war ani was
extended a year "after the prolana.
tion of peace." It is the empioyis'
contention that the packing hou.ies
have flagrantly disregarded that
agreement by cutting wagen, length
ening the hours of work, and refusing
to arbitrate. The unions contend that
the country is not yet at peace.
Secretary of Labbr Davis received
tbe employes' representatIves alon
this forenoet to allow them to pres
out thec ald6Ig '44M. 7 as
tackers already have laid thleir ce
before the reviewers. After
unions had conferred with Davis,
there was to be a general conference
embracing both sides and the three
cabinet members-Davis, Wallace. and
Hoover. All, the meetings were in
executive session.
The Government's mediators ce
pected to find the hardest problem
recognition of the union, which the
men are prepared to stand squarely
behind. Working out of mutually
agreeable hours of work and wages
was expected to be accomplished after
some parleying, but if the conference
splits up, it is believed it will b: on
the question of union recognition
Both sides were reported to be adam
ant on this point.
Just before the morning conference
took place Brennan, attorney for theI
employees, said the sole object of the
conference was to obtain from the
packers a continuation of the war
time agreement.
Rebellious Mormon Leader
Starts New Sect With Unique
Love Theory.
SALT LAKE CITY, Utah., darch 2!
-A new prophet, wearing a long red
beard, loomed up on the horizon of
the Mormon Church today.
Moses S. Gudmundson,'who claimed
to have revelations direct from
heaven to lead his followers to a new
promised land, is established as head
of a colony in Tintic, near Jericho
Oudmundson. who recently was ex
communicated from the Mormon
Church for teachings alleged to have
been contrary to those of the older
church, believed sincerely in his mis
sion, according to his friends. He
stands firmly behind his teaehings.
they say.
Local officials today said they
would start an investigation of th:.
colony and that prosecutions would
be started if it is established that
the leader or his followers violated'
the criminal code.
Among the teachings of the colony.
"wife sacrifice" is said to have been
one of the foremost. This strange
rule is alleged to provide that any
member of the colony whose wife is
desired by another member must sur
render his spouse to the claimant.
There are about 50 members of the
colony. They "pooled" all of their
property, and niow, as several of the
m~embers are said to desire to leave.
a legal tangle has resulted.
TORONTO, March 21.--A pair of
red socks were used near here yes
erday to flag a train which was
threatened - with being wrecked at
i washout. Samuel Lowe. of Hol
land Landing. discovered the wash
aut, which was eighteen feet long
and ten feet deep.
The North Bay train was coming
and he stopped it by taking off me
red socks and usaing them to flag
the express.
The passengers took up a pu rie I
af *2S which shey presentae ta ,'
Ham on 's W
Clara to K
And Beg
topyright. 1921. by
ARDMORE, Okla., March
is truly penitent, she will coi
beg ni forgiveness for the i
my life.
"I am told she was baptized into+
church membership yesterday to
'cleanse herself of sin.
"But until this woman, who stoio
my husband. makes her peace with
me, I do not believe that floods of
baptisnal waters will insure her
peace with God.
"Will I offer her my heart and
my help if she dops come? Of course.
'Forgive us our trespasses as we for
give them thas trespass against us.' "
This remarkable revelation of a I
woman's heart was vouchsafed to nme
today by Georgea Perkins Ramon.
I saw Jake L. Hamon's widow in
the home she has bought on Main
atreet. which she intends to occupy,
now that "the Hamon affair" is over.
nn4 'he may live in the part of the
country where her girlhood was
It is a pleasant, low-roofed bunga
low. On the wall in the living roon,
w'here it must be met at every turn
of the eye, In the enlarged, tinted
portrait of the oil man and poli
tician whose life paid the price of
ten years' association with the
slender, dark-eyed girl who has .o
filed the public eye recently.
Mrs. Hamon was looking toward
the portrait as she sat under the
light in her black dress. She knows
the straia of the past wee'k in crows
feet and shadows, M so doe
no etfoty-tw (qd.
know what th mid About I
my husband. But they knew only i
the outside man; I knew the wonder- I
ful personality beneath. And I realize
what my words mean when I say that,
in seVA of the wrong he did. in spite <
of lowa lightly held and as lightly I
broken, Jake Hamon was a Christian. 9
In her gentle manner she spoke of
Jake's father. He. too, she said,
craved strong drink.
Her voice was soft.
"So I couldn't hold anything
against my husband-not even Clara t
Smith. I looked on her as a mental F
spree-just as whiskey makes a phy- I
sical one. And, oh! how I have felt r
to think of my man drinking whis
key! And how he hated to hurt me r
by doing it-and still went on.
"I remember one night in Chicago
when we were dining in a restaurant
and he ordered something to drink.
I looked at. it, standing in the glass,
the curs$ of his life. I couldn't keep
back the tears. And he pushed it r
away. That night, at least, he drank a
"Through all the years just past, I
ten of them., each with its lifetime f
!f sorrow, I' never gave up hoping g
that he would come back to %ne. And
he did come back-too late for happi- t
ness together; but the thought of I
lction Seen as First Step To- I
ward Rapproachement With
Soviet Russia.
LONDON, March 21.-The first indi
!ation that France may follow Eng- n
and into a rapproachement with Rus- n
ala was given today by the following t
jonstantinople dispatch from theb
Daily Express:n
"Russians In Constantinople are t
nost .indignant over the action of I
!rance in sending a peremptory note tot
hneral Baron Wrangel stating that t
he French are unable to incur any 'I
'urther expenses on account of p
WVrange1's army. France had been n
upporting these refugee troops.
(CGeneral Baron Wrangel was for- c
perly the anti-Bolshevik commander
an the Crimean front. When his army t
vas crushed by the Reds, the bulk of a
ils troops and he himself took refuge p
n Turkey.) t:
"France, in the note to General
3aron Wrangel, offered to secure am- ;
uesty and repatriation to Russia or e
.o assist the soldiers otherwise. I,
brance offered to help the Russians to s
ret to South America as colonists or s
uggested that they accept poets in o
he French foreign legion.
"General Baron Wrangel is protest
ng against this new attitude of t
d'rance.v .
Find Gas in Canada. q
REGIN~A, Sask, Mareh 21-Gas has
aeen discovered in the fQpothills of the
as Qual range of mountai ns and
arospectore are rushing there in large f
aumbers to stake out claims. It is t
-eported that the 'pocket of gas is so 14
argoennd so near the surface that the r
ias in escaping from fissurs Ia the t<
rround. sa
idow. Wants
neel to Her
Universal Service.
21.-"If Clara Smith Hapon
ne to me on her knees and
aisery she has brought into
iappihesu we planned at- the end in
lear to me now.
"This In what I want to tell other
lespairing wives. Huridreos of them
iave written to me mince the trial
iegan, begging my sympathy and
Ldvice, because they -are going
brough what I went through.
"My message to them is that it pays
o hope. I believe the angels write
town all the hopes of all the wives
vho feel their husbands slipping
Lway, and for every such'record send
compensation for some piece of sad
tees somewhere.
"Those wives must pray.
"I prayed. I got down on my
cnes and prayed for her as well as
or him. I begged God to send my
iusband back to me. And I asked
hat she might find the right way. I
lon't know why God didn't answer
ny prayers. Perhaps there was bit
.ernces in my heart. Toward her
%ever toward Jake.
"Do you think that if he had struck
no. Beaten me, kicked me. as she said
se did to her, I'd have killed him?
"Oh. I'd rather have killed myself!
Iy Jake couldn't lift his hand, except
.o honor me.
"He always -was gentle and 'kind
with me and the children. Every time
te came back to me from her his re
norse was pitiful. 'I ceuldn't help 4t.'
ie'd say. 'There's a devil in me thk
kends me to her. I hate myself for
im get away from me in the rst
-lace-for not fighting harder -to
eep him.
"But those who talk this way don't
inderstand that the other woman
&me into my life at a time when I
ad my hands full with a young baby
ad when I most needed my hus
and's care and love. Olfve is ill now;
ou see it began just after she was
"But he adored his children and
o man can be really bad who do4s.
"They have said he looked forward
o being President of the Vlnited
tates some day. That isn't true.
'or did he care for the post of Sec
etary of the Interior.
"What he wanted was to be chair
rian of the national committee. He
aid! ''ll try for that and through It
rill put young Jake. our boy, into
he White House. the youngest Re
ublican President the country has
ver had.'
"I shall devotee the remainder of
iy life to my boy and girl. Jake will
tudy law; Olive is to continue her
iusic training. They shall have bril
ant careers, because they are their
ather's children and inherit his
"Through them T shall teach the
est that was in Jake Hamon to live.
lational Campaign Against
"Smokes" Starts April 3-De
mand Also "Blue Sunday."
EVANSTON, Ill.,' March 21.-A
ation-wide campaign for strict ob
,rvance of the Sabbath and a deter
ned drIve against "My Lady Nico
ne" are to be launched on April 3
y the Woman's Christian Temper
nce Union. according to announce
lent made at the national headquar
*rs of the organization here. Pre
minary work already is under way.
Appeals will be sent broadcast
trough the nation urging the people
go to church on Sunday, April 3.
his will be followed by a week of
rayer, and Sunday. April 10, will be1
ationally observed as anti-tobacco
unday. A nation-wIde anti-tobacco
rusade w'ill follow. -
Among the things that wIll be at
icked in the campaign for a Sunday
beervance are golf, automobiling for
leasure, baseball games, moving plc
rem, dancing, and 'theaters.
Literature announcing the cam
sign and urging co-operation of
biurches and Sunday schools already
being prepared and sent out. A
tatement published in the current is
lie of the Union Signal, officia~l organ1
if the W. C. T. U.. declares that
50.000 caddies are employed on golf
nkm of the nation on Sunday, when
tey should be in Sunday school.
'our hundred thousand people work
n Sundays who shopld not be re-i
ulred to do so, it is charged. -
'Japan Wants Disarmament.
SEATTLE, Wash.. March 21.--Japan,
~els that if disarmament is to comne,
1e United State. should take the,
ad. according to Count K. Hietosawa,
acently appointed Japanese minister
Spain. who is here e'n route to his:
se post.
Begged Stillman's Banking
Friends to Aid Her in Holding
Husband's Affections.
NEW YORK, March 21.-In an
effort to keep her husband, Mrs.
"Fifi" Potter Stillman not only en
listed the sympathy and aid of mnu
tual friends in society, but also w.
cured the active help of intimates
of her husband in the world finance.
It was this interference by her in
his business .affairs that caused
James A. Stillman finally to break
the last thin link that held him and
his wife together, so far as outward
appearances were concerned.
The campaign of the still beauti
ful and always charming wift and
mother among her husband's business
associates was described today as
most ingenious and adroit.
Its prosecution carried her down
town to Wall Street; to the National
City Bank. of which great financial
institution her husband president.
Her plan was to hive him per
suaded to go to Europe to take
charge of the bank's interests there.
She would go with him.
She told her friends that it was
her great hope to have him take a
large part in the rehabilitation of
war weary countries of Europe. She
wished to do her share in the task
of reconstruction.
So smoothly did the hidden ma
chinery of Mrs. Stillman's campaign
run at frst that for along time
Stillman was in ignorance of tIfe
power behind the, pressure tht Oe
Af 'ay have understood that it
was 'his wife who had actuated their
friends In society to try to bring
them together. But the other plan. sa
skillfully masked, remained a mys
tery to him until March. 1920.
He wasted no time when he was
told that Mrs. Stillman had been
labbling with har dainty fingers in
his business affairs.
He left her and the children on the
ourntry place. ''Malbanna." at Pleas
kntville. and went into town to live.
'hat ended any ipretens' now how
shadowy had become relations be
tween the Stillmans.
From sources of unquestionsd au
thority it is learned that Stillman
was exasperated beyond measure by
what he consirered his wife's 'in
erference" in h:r. business.
It may be stated, however, that until
the moment that she and her baby.
Iuy. whose legitimacy her husband
s attacking, were served with copies
)f the summons and compldint in the
ketion. she had hoped that a recon
:iliation might 6e effected.
Most reliable information is that
the original plan had been for her to
secure a divorce. It was to have
seen one of those pleasant. har
nonious affairs that be arranged by
hose who have the price. The grim
keleton in the Stillman family closet
was going to remain in the closet.
'he public wasn't going to know any
,hing about.it.
But Mrs. Stillman took no steps to
vard securing a divorce. She went
luietly about her scheme to win back
ler husband.
Then came the explosion.
Stillman brought the suit himself,
aot only naming a halfbreed Indian as
he co-respondent, but 'also attack
ng little Guy Stillman's legitimacy
and his right to share in the $7,000,000
rust fund established by the will of
fames Stillran.
The question, "Why did Stillman at
,ack the baby, certainly innocent of
Lny possible wrongdoing'"' repeatedly
las been asked. It has been explained
.hat he considered that a highly
aecessary part of his legal duel.
Why was it necessary? has been
One in a position 'to know details
if the inside workings of the sit
ation suggests the following an
wer as probably the correct one:
Mrs. Stillmnan charges that her
ausband lived with Mrs. Florence H.
,eeds as her husband. She will try
o prove that Mrs. Leeds' infant son
a really the son of Stillman.
information ina posession of the
awyers in the case is that Stillman
ad made no secret of love for the
ivacious and comely Mrs. LeejIs.
Phe common assumption of Mrs.
itillman's friends is that Stillman
wishes to marry Mrs. Leeds.
New, should a ma. prove that he
was net the father of a ehild, it weuld
at that ehild out et a ohmr Ia ay
rust fad, er of any estate of the
ather er the fatheg's family. If the
saa shoelM them marry a woman by
whem he aiready had had a child, the
marriage woeld legitimatise the ehild.
'hat action is automatic. The child,
hen, would become heir to any trust
und, or estate, 'of the father.
Mr. Stillman is described as being
'xtremely fond of the son of Mrs
seeds, just as he is said to be de
oted to her.
In this connection it must be men
ioned that part of the evidence tra'.
will he used by Mrs. Stillman will be
in attempt to 0rove that Stillman and
hirs. Leeds were together In Mia&mi
Pia. last Janunre.
Put'Em Back on,
Jack Frost Due
Winds on Way From
Canada Will Bring
' Chilly Weather.
Those who yielded to the lure or
warm, caressing spring sephyrs
and took 'em off during the fast
few days, bad better put 'em back
This was the gist of a warning
sounded by the official forecaster of
the United States Weather Bureau
today in predicting that the un
precedented warm weather which
has prevailed generally over the
Eastern States and in many othr
parts of the country tor the lest
few days will Vome to an abrupt
end tonight.
The forecaster was asked wheiher
spring "has came."
"It has not," he said emphatically.
and launched into a technical ex
planation of just what caused the
summery breesis of Palm Sunday,
which broke records in many re
gions along the Atlantic coast. The
warm wave, as officially explained.
was blown up from the Gulf re
gions, and in scheduled to keep
right on going.
Return currents from Canada and
the Great Lakee wUl sweep over
the Atlantic coast in retaliation
from Maine to North Carolina, and
over the Mississippi valley region
tonight. The temperature will
lower rapidly and there may be
War Department Nearly Triples
Forces Ther.-Stirred by Jap
anese Military Activity.
Army reinforcements aggregating
125 per cent for the defense of
Hawaii and nearly 300 per cent for
the Panama Canal Zone are being
quietly mobilized by the War De
partment, it is learned from the
highest official source.
Although this step is being taken
army officers insist, without refer
ence to any other nation as a prob
able or possible enemy, it developel
that the War Department started its
plans when it became apparent that
negotiations between American Am
bassador Morris and Japanese Am
bassador Shidehara were being at
tended with little progress and wliea
jingoism became rampant in Japan.
There are now 12,000 officers and
men at Hawaii and 7,000 at Panama.
These forces will be increased to 27.
000 at each place.
Staff officers read with interest the
article by Joseph Timmons in the
Hearst newspapers, setting forth the
results of his investigation of Jap
anese activities in Hawaii and the
former German islands in the North
They pointed out that this article
confirmed recent dispatches from
Washington- stating that the Ctrolina
Island and the Marshall group were
being fortified by Japan and that the
Japanese had exacted pledge of kllegi
ance from the people
It was cited that as the Island of
Tap lies just southwest of the Ameri
can outpost at Guam, neither the
military nor the diplomatic relations
of Japan and the United States can
be made any more cordial by Japan's
iffsistence of her right to fortify Yap.
The sending of reinforcemnents to
Hawaii and Panama will continue un
less Congress iaterfetes. There are
no intimations that tongrems will in
tervene, however, especially in the
light of news from all quarters as to
the activities of Japan.
The Hawaiian Island of Oahu, it
was explained todayr by army stra
tegists, is the Immediate key of the
situation. As they put it..'Whoever
holds Oahu can hold the islaeds."
It was admitted that a weakness
has been found in the former theory
as to the safety of Oahu from ex
ternal attack.
One suggestion which will probably
be carried out is that the reinforce
ments shall conhist certainly of mo
bile artillery for coast -defense in
-The density of population in the
t'nited States iseresed nearly five
p~ersons to the square mile ~n th~e
last ten years. according to 3gmue
rannouncued today by the Censs
In 1920, therre were 32.5 persons
1o the square mile. as compared w.iI
20.3 In 1110. and 25 in 1300,
Defendants Sent Back to Jail to
Wait Trial on Other
Counsel for Defense Sees It as
a Condemnation of
Guard System.
' By 8. D. W IBR. -
International Nes *evie,
21.-Sid Hatfeld and his ifteen co
defendants in the trigger trial were
found not guilty bthe ryat 11:21
o'clock this nor . e jury re
tired Saturday t and was out
1o=o hour.
minutew after the vrdict
was nad Judge Baley told the de
fendants to beck to the county
jail, where y will give bond for
their appearance in court for the in
distmenta of murdering six other do
toctives. He then aranaged to alow
the sixteen eaen to go back to Mate
wan on the noon, train.
GUAND XY9TE [email protected]=NEO.
J. 3. Coniff, chief counsel for the
defense, made this statement to the
International News Service staff cor
respondent immediately after the ver
diot wes read by the eierk of the
courts: -
"l think the Desb w .
a my e"iMaem, tha 1Y -eg2
eesa Va West ra. been em
tal a= bese esdaed and the
liist o mew In semien sbeed tae
settee of this fnt."
The sixteen defendants received the
verdict without any show of emotion.
except that Sid Hatold, chief of po
lice of Matewan, smiled his perpetual
After Judge Robert D. Bailey had
told them to "go back to jail." they
crowded around Coniff and grasped
his hads.
Then, accompanied by two "double
gun" deputy sherigs, they fled out.
of the courtroom where they had
sat daily since January 26. and
walked through lines of men and
women congratulating them argos
the courthouse lawn to the jail.
The slayings for which the miners
were acquitted followed a gun 10ttle
between strikers and Baldwla-ftke
detectives over dispessession frt.
the operators' properties of many
Minge families.
When the West Virginia coal
operators decreed war to the dnish
against the United Xbe" Workers.
they engaged hundreds of the Felts
detectives to guard their properties
and to protect the workers who tek
the place of the striking miners.
Some of the strikers still retained
possession of the sope houses
after the walkout and the detetves
were ordered to diaposses. With a
detail of his men Felts went to
Mingo, armed with warrants which.
it was brought out at the trial, were
The bad blood which had existed
between the strikers and the oper
ators' guards had long threatened to
culminate in bloodshed and there was
talk of forcible resistance ualess the
detectives conformed .strietly to he
letter of the law.
Sid Hatfield was the leader of the
faction which we ecquitted\ today'
and a strong sympathiser with the
striking miners. Uvidence was con
fleting at tho trial as to just how
the trouble started. It we. proven.
however, that Felts had announced
his intention to turn the miners out
tf the company property and in the
dispute which folleuged leright to
do this, guns were hI ~tet piay.
Felts dropped wilk the Irst Britag,
killed instantly by a Neitet through
the center of the forehead. Two
'leaded guns were fund upoa the body
of the dead man.
In the general gun battle which fol
lowed the Felts shooting nine mnen
were killed and it developed at the
trial that nobody could testify with
authority as to just who fired the
fatal bullets.
LONDON, March 21.-Austin Charab
erlain, chancellor of the ezohequer in
the British cabinet. we. today uinan
imously chosen leader of the Unionist
P.OSTON. March I1.-Attempts to re
dueA wages and re-establieh the open
shop' are primarily responsible for the
maelol ity of the 26 strikes attr look4.
nlits exis'ting in Massachtteettj, '.he
atttA TDepartment of IAbdr and a
dustrla, announced today.

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