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S S BDITORIAL PAGH.0OER1,12
M AL.Ust.~M s.sI Fine Words But False T IM ING in Tokyo, General Wood said: "There has been a great dpal of loose and foolish talk about trouble between America and Japan, but this is all non sense. The Sags of Japan and America stood side by side in the Great War in the battle for fair dealing between nations and re spect for the rights of smaller peoples. They are going to stand together always on the side of right." The habit of repeating cant phrases became almost universal during the war. But we thought the fashion had gone out with that of knitting socks in theaters and other places. It seems, however, to have stuck to the new Governor General of the Philippines. Japan did not fight with America (or with any other ally for "fair dealing between nations and respect for the rights of smaller peoples." The Government of Japan is a (military despotism which is utterly contemptuous of fair dealing or of the rights of weaker peoples. It has subjugated by force and brutally and bloodily ruled the weaker people of Korea, the weaker people of Shantupg, the weaker jpeople of Manchuria, the weaker people of Far Eastern Siberia. It is an unscrupulous, treacher ous, faithless and cruel autocracy and militarism, working day and 'ight to secure the domination of all Asia, and looking forward to the conquest and subjugation of the White race by the Yellow race. During the war the Japanese army and navy were used only to seize territory in Asia which Japan coveted and which she keeps-ter ritory and strategic bases which enormously strengthen her for the war with America, which every Japanese believes and hopes to be not far distant. For the rest, Japan sold trans iportation and munitions and sup plies to the Allies at enormous profit. Japan, in fact, aided the Allies in exactly the same way that we did during the period in which Mr. Wilson kept us out of the war, the only difference being that our neutral assistance to the Allies was far greater in bulk and value than was the assistance of Japan. The extraordinary folly and blindness of Mr.. Wilson in consent ing to and assisting Japan's mili taristic and imperialistic designs upon China and Russia will yet be paid for with millions of American lives and billions of American wealth. But no one acquainted with the real limitations of Mr. Wilson's narrow and academic mind won 'dered at his folly-criminal as it was. We were, however, under the delusion that General Wood was a man of good sense. One thing General Wood can be sure of. If he remains long enough in command of our farthest outpost in the Pacific he will change his opinion of Japan some day when he sees the flag of Japan, which he now so touchingly eulogizes, flying above the fleets and army with which that Asiatic despotism will surely strike its first and over whelmingly powerful blow at the Philippines. *Hungry Shantung. Americans recently gave $7,000, 000 to relieve famine victims~ in China, chiefly in Shantung. Now Japan is threatening to export 200, 000 tons of wheat from that prov lnce, in violation of Chinese law. Shantung is still hungry, but Japanese exploiters see profit in wheat exporting and care little how ariany natives starve. If there is to be peace in the Far vast, the Japanese will have to get out of Shiantung. May Truce. Be Kept L ET us all fervently pray "that no breach of the truce now ex isting between the British and the Irish will lead to abandonment of the negotiations for peace." That would be a ghastly misfor tune. Both sides have fought them selves into a mood for negptiations. The skill and determination of the Irish leaders has effected a basis of negotiations which is honorable and fair to the Irish people. . The British are sick of their per petual fight with Ireland, and abused and oppressed Ireland will no more "down" than the ghost in "Hamlet." Both the English and the Irish people want peace. Both need peace.' The friends of the Irish and the friends of the English through out the world want peace to reign on teris that are satisfactory to both sides-terms that are just to the Irish and which the Irish can honorably accept. It seems upon the face of things that such a peace may be effected if passions are not inflamed by some unfortunate and rash breach of the truce in Ireland. How far the fervid hope of mil lions of people can influence events across the sea we do not know; but hoping fervently that an honorable and just peace may come to Ireland, and that no irresponsible act may mar it or put it in jeopardy cer tainly will do no harm. So let us hope. The People's Business. HOW far the Conference on Limi tation of Armaments can be expected to realize the hopes of mankind for less fighting, lower taxation and returning welfare is necessarily speculative. Each prophet's guess is, likelyto be col ored by the character of his temper ament. But it is clear to all who have studied history that no substantial progress will be possible if the con ference shall imitate in secrecy the methods of traditional diplomacy. If public opinion in this country and elsewhere shall permit the poli ticians who will represent the gov ernments to draw a veil over their deliberations, it can with confi dence be assumed that little of value will result. The secret method had its fruit age at Versailles. All who wish for a better crop this time should press the demand for publicity. The people's busi ness should be done with the peo ple 's knowledge. Balkan War Clouds. FORMER United States Minister to Argentina Charles H. Sher rill, who has just returned from a journey through the Balkan States, reports that both Rumania and Serbia have mobilized all their troops and are actively preparing for war. This is serious news. The Balkan States were the direct cause of the World War, just as they have caused so many other wars out of all proportion to their own political or -economic importance. There ought to be no sentimen tality in dealing with any of those Governments. Not one of them is in any true sense democratic, even if Mr. Wilson 's gross ignorance- ef Europe did load him to class them among the "free peoples" fightings against autocracy and militariern. The Balkan peoples are well enough, but the Balkan Govern ments are a scoundrelly lot of liars, thieves and trouble makers. If they do start to set Europe on fire again. they should be sternly handled. HE 'DIDN'T A 0 0. H L sprang to Lme colors giacy, ore tue prvi and took the wound which left him a cripi you were at home, safe. And now YOUR Gover THEY'RE HUMAN I BT Wiliam Atherton Du Puy Love nature? interrogates Dr. Edward E. Slos sen, of the National Research Council. Never: he flings back to his own interrogation. Nature is the constant and unremitting enemy of man. Never for a moment may he relax his fight against her. If he does she will overrun his fields with weeds, and he will be without food. Unless he fights her away from his house by coats of artificial paints she will lead it to decay and her rains will come in and make him miserable. .She may attack him with pestilence at any mo ment it he does not fight her with sanitation, or overcome him with flood or volcano. She pushed him back always into the chaos of the jungle from which he has emerged only by mastering her. She is treacherous and unsleeping. She lies in wait. Eventually she will probably over come man and the world will move backyard toward the mollush. Love her? A corpunt op portunity. A well-known member of Congress tells the story of an occasion in his earlier years when he was far from home and had run out of money and had no conventional way of raising it. He had a Masonic key on his watch and he got to talking in the smoker to another man who likewise wore a key. In the end he went and sat down by this man and put it up to him, cold turkey: "Brother," said he. "could I get you to ease me up to the eltent of a hundred dollars until I get home?" His casual traveling companion did not hurry into an assent, sort of weighed the matter back and forth, and finaliy peeled the yellow boys off his roll. The money was sent to him promptly after the borrower reached home. It was years after that that this Congressman recognized his erstwhile companion at a gather ing of Masone in Pittsburgh.' He recalled their former meeting and they began to get acquainted all over again. Finally the Pittsburgher admitted that he wanted to unburden himself of something. "When you met me on that train wearing the Masonic key," said he. "I was not a Mason at all. I had found that key and idly attached it to my watch chain. You had ma at a disadvant age when you accosted me as 'Brother.' I think that is the reason why I gave 'you the hu~ndred. It got me to thinking of the Masons, however, and I joined very shortly thereafter." "Just between us," said the Congressman, "I was not then a Mason either. I was wearing a watch whIch belonged to my father, who was a Mason. But joined soon afterward to ease my conscience of the deception I had practiced." Hudson Maxim, who is credited with iving smokeless powder to the Ameriean army and navy, played the part of King Neptune at the re cent pageant given at Atlantic City. In the midst of the ceremony of mardigras night, sitting right in the spotlight up there on his throne, he commanded one of his slaves to touch the master of ceremonies on the shoulder, thus arresting his attention. Whereupon the king declared, sotto voice: "I want to go home. It's too damned hot." CopyrIght. 1921. WEA..THE!R PROPHETS. If it is raining and the owl scrcerhes a change for the better will shortly ensue. hut should the peacock screech had weather is to come or con tinue. If rain threatens snails seek shelter at once. If Grasshoppers Mobilised. There are not enough birds, experts say, to clean up a full-strength invasion of grasshoppers such as the farmers dread, but the birds assit man to control theepest. If it were not for the birds the hoppe% would ruin the farms. The Origin of Gllama. The ancient ECgyptian. were experts in the use of glass am early as 2.000 B. C.. but it was not until the heginning of the sixteenth century that Durope, and England in particular', anade an art o lee. workiM=, SK AMERI esesnes seam. %F Neor ansMer. mons of war cieerutlly, make ite as only a brave lad should nmeat. which p(omised him so Mr. B. Baer FIGURE EIGHTS. SUBWAY is one place where all straps are not in mits of speculators. Rapid transit means quick journey from five cents tq eight. F subway ever stretches an octave of cents on public's pocket piano that will only be start. Give 'em one feather and they'll want entire ostrich farm. MOTTO of subway is E Pluribus Sunion. Uni ted we stand. Divided we fall for it. Motto of public is Bullum um Beevo. You can cow us but you can't bull us. WITH industry tossing oft figure eights in bankruptcy courts, there is no reason why subways can't make their liquidation cheap as possible. Some transit lines manage to ap point receivers on jitney fares. By hyping tariff to eight megs they figure that they can afford two receiv ers. WHAT can subways offer us for eight buttons that we don't get now for five? More jolts? We've got our advance orders all tilled now. More straps? We have that situation al ready well in hand. More congestion? After one trip in subway any New Yorker can go to sleep standing on one leg like Biameae storks. MORE seats? We refuse to stand for that. S UBWAYS have been ru~n fling on jitney dues for fifteen years. man and boy. They shouldn't condemn nickel fares without giving 'em fare trial. to public to stick to Ugether~ like fles on Tan glefoot. One vote apiece will make subway All Babas pull in their necks like bashful turtles. T AKES united action to flatten companies who have cash registers where their hearts ought to be. The City of Flowers. Florence, Italy, is known as the "City of Flowers." Here the famous orris-root perfumes are produced from the roots of the large pale purple iris or flag which 'is grown extensively through out the surrounding dis tricts. Dresses from Dog's Wool. Women who own dogs can weave jumpers out of the combings of their pets. Pe kingese combings make light, soft garments. Collie wool makes warm socks. and the combings of the re triever, mufflers, and th.$ of the padle. waaItcats. CA TO WAIT u joxes at tnem; aid ups Olt with fine courage, He was there, on the fring line, for' you while much, lets him wait! Ye TOWNE GOSSIP Aegit.tre U. S. Patest Otiee. By K. C. B. I HAVE some AS GONE for good. shirts. " " " " " AND WENTtothe I LIKE very much. game. . . . AND WHEN they're AND CAME on soiled. home. I TAKE them out. AND AT dinner time. TO A French hand OUR DOOR bell laundry. rang. THAT ALWAYS AND I found a closes. young man. ON MQNDAY and AND HE had my Tuesday. shirts. " f " .. OF THE Jewish AND HAD found holidays. the laundry. AND ANYWAY. FROM THE laun " . . dry slip. ON ONE of the " "c days. AND HAD spent OF THE world se-** .rles games. I'D BEEN to the hod laundry. TO GET the shirts. nae AND HAD gone hoes down town.*** AND WAS coming t e home.** TO WHERE I livre. pcae NEAR THE Polo Grounds.WHNHletm AND FOUR young BCUEH men. togti e HAD SIGNALED*** me.TOOEoth AND I picked them.* up. ADALatr AND GAVE them ** a lift.HEDHDarte TO THE $3.80 line..* AT THE Polo ngt Grounds.' AND WHEN I got fn e home. ** THE SHIRTS were*** gone. AND igave them IANAM yon. home. Judges' Pay and Their Morals ENRY FORD is right in saying that the salaries of judges of the United States Supreme Court should be substantially increased, but he is wrong in assert ng that the present salaries of Federal judges, being small, subject the judiciary to temptation of money bribes. We do not believe that a single decision of the United States Supreme Court was. ever s*ayed by venality. This s probably true, also, in nearly all of our State Supreme *ourts. The very' idea that the majority of the Supreme Court could be bribed by payments of money or need 'an increase of salary to keep them out of temptation from such eor rupt influences is shocking to those who love their country and have faith in its institutions. We' do not mean to say that the Supreme Court always impartially interprets the law. We think it often fails to do so. Judges are human, and they are affected by propinquity, by their associations, by the passions and prejudices of their class. They sometimes yield to subtle appeals to their vanity, to the flattery of wealth, and are thus seduced socially, but they cannot be bought with money. Roger Taney, Chief Justice of the Uqited States, who wrote the Dred Scott decision perpetuating human slavery, answered the call of the social class to which he belonged. Two billion dollars' value in slaves was at stake. But he was not corrupt. The lbw thus made could not be nullified until it was revoked. But as Lincoln said at the time, "We can change the judges." That was done: Another distinguished Justice of the Supreme Court, George Shiras, prevented for eighteen years an income tax upon wealth in the United States. He did so by changing Iis vote at the, last minute from the affirmative to the negative. He came from a citadel of private wealth, Pittsburgh. He could not divest himself of the prejudices of his class. He was not corrupt. Such men as judges naturally lean toward autocracy and plutocracy because they are strong. They distrust democ racy and deny social justice. The moral sentiments of mul titudes of people make no impression upon the highly tech nical, legal minds of such judges, although these common moral sentiments are the foundation of law and the main spring of progress. * Too many judges live in a class atmosphere. They are welcomed and flattered in exclusive clubs, where the pre rogatives of select classes are matters of most concern and where the average man is discussed, even though no dis respect is intended, very much as cattle kings discuss their herds. In such an atmosphere judges are led, sometimes deliber ately and sometimes quite unconsciously, by their persohal contacts into LOlieving that they are the guardians of the social fabric, instructors of legislators, and the makers, not the mere interpreters, of the law. They bIcome arrogant in their pride of place, usurp the functions of Congress, forget that they are only judges, not statesmen. They make the law responsive to the only public opinion with which they come in contact-that of the prejudiced and privileged few who think chiefly of themselves. In the quiet chambers in which such judges write their opinions the voice of conscience' is sometimes stilled and the murmur of the crowd is very far off. When that murmur comes from a mob it should be bravely resisted at times or denied by the fearless upright judge, for it is often wrong. But when that murmur comes, from the conscience and moral sentiment of the masses, it is always the voice of God. Woe to the judge or nation that does not heed it. Bushman---Ostrich American Baseball THIS question interests the U~nited States: T ~WWl the wonderful batter and his aide. on one baseball team overcome wonderful pitcher. on another baseball team? It is the old question of the navy, "Can you make the armor thick enough to stop any shell? Can you make a cannon that will send a bullet through any armor?" How does H. G. Wells expect to get all human beings to gether in a "world social movement" with human beings as they are today? The Bushman squatting in his sand hole thinks only of the ostrich slowly coming near., His human brother on the bank of a sluggish stream in the Congo watches the dying struggles of a hamstrung hippopotamus and thinks of nothing else. In the Far North, squatting by an ice hole with his spear, the Eskimo, waiting for a seal to come and1 breathe, thinks of nothing else. In the United States, among a hundred million human beings, nine men out of ten think of a baseball game and think of nothing else. You can't make a homogeneous civilized machine out of that kind of human material. Every single feature of goo(h aseball belongs to the past. Baseball develops speed, that no longer amounts to any thing. Automobiles, telegraphs, telephones, killed it. Base ball develops pow~er in throwing a missile from the hand. That ceased to be important when the how and arrow came, and died completely with the rifle. Baseball teaches the use of a club, but that went out. except for amusement, with the Stone Age.' Men's minds lag behind their'nehievements. Their brains haven't kept up with the thi' r tint those brains have invented. However, they will catch up some day.