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UNCLE SAM JIm
WAGEEARN HOMES FOR DISABLED BEING DISCARDED BY SALVAGE OF SCIENCE lurca of Industrial Rehabilitation Under FedCral Vocational Board Acts With States, la Giving Economic Independence to Workers Once Thought Unable to Earn Litg-Acts of Hero Is In Dafiy\Tasks Worthy of War Cross Cltations. Veumes hae been written about the fight that the disabled soldier is sehEg te win back Ai indwtrial independwAes through oostional eds aswion, with the help of the United Stetee Government. But the working man who is injured at his lathe-the laundress who bee a hasd in the daily fight for bread-the miner whq is brought am$ of the shaft a eripple with shqjtered seree-these too kwe boom making the fight that the soldier hae been praised for. Congreas gives $1,000,000 each ye or to aid the dswtrial cripple win beek his pay envelope, and in the Divisison of Industrial Rehabilitation,. of the Federal Beard for Vocational Edwation, there are *toris of everyday heroism and dogged determination that ae worthy of War Cross citations. Fellowing is a story of Uncle Sam's fight for the disabled worker in the field of educstion and employmen, told by a woman on the staff of the Ddvision. By MI88 TRACY COPP. Case No. 764. Name.................................................John Smith. Date of injry.......................................Oct. s0, 190 Nature of iijury................................Loss of left hand Tmdsnng suggested....................................Blacksmith Returned to work....................................Jan. s1; 191 The meager reoord given above is a card index report of a human struggle which ended in success and is but one of thousands of similar cases in which men and women, thrown out of work through accident or disease, have been helped to make a new place for themselves in indus try. There is a man out in Pennsylvania who now proudly calams to. he the only one-armed blacksmith working daily at forge and anvil. How he reached this unique position is the story of a disaster followed by a struggle which threatened to end in failure and might have done so if Uncle Sam had not offered him a helping hand when he needed it most. This man lost his left hand in will spur the worker on to greater an Industrial accident. It was effort to excel. in this case, the necessary for -him to find work gil became An excellent operator In which this would not be a handi- and was able to take a position where she will have a chance for ad ap. Igseh a predicanmOt, there ement along with the rest. She ;Yras On acttual organization to vn was ~ acual rganzatin ~ secured an artificial arn through which he could apply for help. This the officials of the insurance com was the Bureau of Rehabilitation pany. It in surprising and very and this bureau, after a careful gratifying to find that these people diagnosis of the case, arranged who have been the victims of mis that he be given training as a fortune can take up a life again blacksmith. When his training In which they find so much satin. was complete he opened up a shop faction. Thin girl' positon has of his own. He is now able to do been distinctly bettered. any and all blacksmith work in ad- PERSONAL EQUATION. dttion to shoeing horses, which When deciding on future vocation presents no serious difficulties for for any disabled worker the first him with his one artificial arm. He consideration Is to see what abilities not only does his work well, but do- and past experience of the Individual may be utilized. If he has had any rives much pleasure from doing it, training or experience in other lines and is a happy and contented that can be made to fit in with the worker. plans for his new life, that experi That the Government ham not for- ence ts carefully taken Into account gotten the plight of this man and For instance, a man of thirty-two the thousands like him In evidenced years of age had been a lUmber Jack by the fact that over 300,000 men for seventeen years. In 1917 he had and women last year, besides 100,000 one foot crushed off in the woods, disabled veterann, were being helped with amputation half way between to find new jobs for which they the knee and ankle. For thres were fitted, or else were being years he drifted about unable to find trained so that they will soon be wr rt etrhspsto.We able to take their place in the in- tebra okhscs adh dustrial world again,.a lcdi riigi uo FIFTY, HE COMES BACK.moieadTctrshlsoht A short time ago in Philadelphia oflgigtaorinhewds a man of about fifty suffered an Thsmnwlbepciayftedo accident which caused the loss of wr.iamc samnwoi bin left arm below the elbow. Be- rcorepr ol sunbet fore hin accident he had been work- promti okstsatrl e lng in an establishment which man- casheiigrntolgigop ufaetured paper boxes and leather atos Thsmnwlpseste goods. When his arm healed, the knweg ofbtadwilea man spent six weeks in the hope- vlal a otecmay less search for work of the same sort. Finally someone suggested SoeiethBuaund.nl that he apply to the Bureau of Re- todaveylteinreroa habilitation of Philadelphia. After cmls odru eut.Js talking the matter over with him avc n redycusladgt tejmy decided that the man was really tigoerpplinrsednhl capable of operating a shop of his inwlldbgthgsfrhepso own. The only obstacle was capital woi emnl ndseaesris to start with and this was arranged Amieouwst asnurdo by the bureau by having the sum ta ewsprlndfo h i allowed him by the Compensation dw.H ol aet er oe act, giving him a lump sum.thnthtecoldowhutmy With this money he was set up at igfo i hi.Prash the ~dof the same business which wudhv enal owr u he hJleft as an employe. He bei- w rolm ehash ol same so su'ecessful that in a short time one of his competitors offered thrtoavshiantohlhm him a salary of $76 a week to satsm e ok twsse come with him and give up his own getdohitatetkeute 'shop which he was obliged to in- oko earngcokswn crease as his business grew.mahns tywies ndpoe The same nine to a better position gah.Toswr ucae o in spite of disfigurement waiso ha ups.Hi egbr achieved by a young girl in North bcm neetdadhle i Dakota. One day while she wa.bs eoein i ite aaea working on a mangle her arm be- so.Te ane tfrhm u came caught in the machinery and inawdo adabecfrhs was cut off close to the shoulder,. opee ok ehshdpet Her case was extremely pathetic, ofwkfrmhswnc mui. but the bureau refused to acknowi- MCIEYO ~' edge defeat and insisted on finding Temahnyfoacmpiig a solution to these problems if it tesuedu ako -hbltt was humanly possible. The girl was igtedsbe okrwssti enoeuraged to go to night school mto nJn.13.we h n where she learned how to operate cin dsra eaiial Atwsa eeing hine.~ It Is often the poe ytePi~s.Ti - tatw dmbis ofths im prieffr for excl. n tis ase the IS IN FIG ERS CR11 I UNS ii $7000fo h istya n 1,000,000 for , eaho4heesced has,00 fore the fistblshentro a Rehabilitation Service in each one of the State.. Through the activi ties of this board thirty-live Statee have already recognized the act and created the State organization which is necessary to carry out the actual work. The appropriation of the Federal Government is appor tioned out to the various States ac cording to their population, and must be matched by an equal amount from State funds.' In no cane does a State receive less than $5,000, although, a. in the case of the Dakota., their populktiori doe. not actually entitle them to that sum. The organization of the division has been the work of Lewia H. Car is, former Chief of the Division of Industrial Rehabilitation, now Ad ministrative Head of the Federal Board for Vocational Education, of which the division is a part. There are five members of the staff who compose the Federal Division.' These five have a two-fold duty. First, each one ha. under his supervision one of the five district. into which the courstry is divided. He promul gate. the cause within his district, sees that the matter is brought up before State legimlatures, and gives aid of any nature in the or-ganising of the State boards. Secondly, each member of the staff here in Wanh ington is a specialist in the problem. of some particular class of worker. Ver instaaos, John A. Erats, the dl reoter, has -made a seial stady et sk psobhma af Ohs ms.r..a 1HT TOIS 'PLED IN UJNG. HEROE~ worker. Clarenc Her, og n tere t in arclualeuain stde h rbemfo h nl of th labrer n th far .rn Clytn formerp hi rmn fhein dutra a:' ciet ordo Iao, ineetdi h rbeso*h .ao.n. m. Wehvfoou Horera lrece henring ipob 'tuemfsee that proleiao teangle and thabotren retoed far Fak possible bforer cheirmatte of tem-n du'ploymet idaen boar oy ownh wor intste womn, wtherbtheirofork laboin thenr oWe home for ohthr mheyia avsr lyd. FakH The, wor of dtied buromeauic the foga womep whethwtr ther work is.inth'i o..w..n. home or wheth VIN BACO SINDUSTI 3 OF THE WC a aP umoIPne o h los ofsmeprto.hsboydi.otg far eough It as ncessry4t hepthtmacotaeup4 mekn ofepoyettatwud ejs as oo as o evn ettr hanth work , he . wa ocdt ev.Vr ofte th mony spplid b th compnsaton at is give*in al pmant.mu Acoiong for the rling of waom9 pr ofent o dild. oTheo ftr engh. fhIst an war sgto hlp tmpatrd mandt tthe rugh shanda o emlydeme that woul hel ate wa. goo m, ovn. ett tha.....s E PAY El UAL BAK 'RK-A-DAY W~ hol tem n pir f incrs H hothem' own depaire tha pines shue realsendy disfigureodityion. Ther evident thtuesto o theve an' men taniy. wor whas keenad dtrwned. inoConerato with peopl dvetoped the manowtsr that he sh om ouldi notveenet eole for ee ful reatlte high owage panditin Thec warien- quein the an's tmen etat hes ateer and deterfather hadnbersin ngih himrdeeloand th tthat he adnomg thoouhiy waontrl therefore, of being er intendent of thsn argetcuat ae, to. tht the manigh wagek paid conneact him to wththiorkpast experence.eIt soheed that nthe drynfath bhod ben whgih hrendter as tat hie oppo reningfo theoroughly frnd ratical of floer. T waenturbya thefore, trineing toga soio ofaiart wthi particular st putthds ofmaretIng or th conc ed'y, with supaset eforince. estb nos hppee t in the versineiH-s awie opporunit by for the, rain antd thre fl otf for. andhe kwaleg whic heoe hadsuple-en mted barde rttrinngnog. them fatiliartyt the a tilarm mehd mreing tohn thisek o cona tin and sou2 a boyk and twele rehb tethon feroieree fo hicmmde tefatt the main hoad sicom 4VELOPE rrLE FOE ORLD a lump aum for the initial pnse of starting such a business. In time I hope this bureau will be come closely allied with all the agencies of social service. If all this work were done alone it would require too vast an organisation and It would also neglect many splendid organisations that are already estab lished and have much the same pur pose in view. Such organisations are the Red Cros, the Public Health Service, visiting nurses' assocla A WIFE OR 4 THE MOD Discussing Present-Day Time, Rebecca West, C That "It Is Not to Be Marriages Do Not Endt Past Centuries." LONDON, Oct. 16. ECMNTLY a young man con .dd to m that he was thirty-. two and wanted to get snar ried. I encouraged him by saftng that I had heard that there was often no harm in it, but he replied sadly that he could not do it. This seemed an unlikely story, for he was not too unattractive. One might say of him as a musical criticonce'said of a ballad concerts, that for people who liked that sort of a thing this was just the sort of a thing they liked. ' But he explained that the reason he could not get married was that he was prevented by his career. He was, in fact, the editor of an Im portant weekly 'journal. NOW LOVE'S RIVAL. He declared that his work had already prevented him from getting engaged. Some months before' he had fallen in love with a girl and had intended to propose to her, and believed that she would have ac cepted him, but at the crucial mo ment his -journal had had to take a strong line on the Irish question. For three weeks this took his whole attention. By the time his attention was freed he found that while he had been taking a stront line about the Irish question another young man had -been'taking a stronig line about the girl. - But this disappointmneht was miti gated by a sense that even If 'he had married her his work would have prevented him from making a success of h~s marriage.. He quoted hi. chief, a great and good man, to the effect that a man must chodee between a career_ in drink, love, or business, and pointed out that his work necessitated his presence at an office every week day, and ate up three of tie-even ing. as well. On Friday he bsd to dine with his chief and me what he wanted done with the journal; on Thursday, he had to dine -with 'hi. political friends in orderito get that alight favor of accuracy Iti his po litical articles which gives a papr Its prestige; on Saturday he'ha to stay at his office until 1 In the morn ing getting o~t the^ paper.* WIFE'S "JEALOUSY.". It certainly was true, on the face of It, that this young m4,n had n6 prospect of success In marriage. an't I was prepared to be .ympathetla until he added: "You see, all womwn are fundamentally jealous. My wife would be jealous of my career." I then became unsympathetic, be cause It was apparent that he was an old-fashioned young man. For it was the habit of the Ald-faphioned man to blame women whenefer th~ey were in difficult circumstandes. Naturally his wife would find the conditions of her marriage diffIdult, but not because she was jealous. It would Inevitably exact many sacri f'cee from her. She would have to goven all her movements with ref. uW.manna ba WWe S ani s 1W FOR t BREAD thre vl e erown d dae e U k 0New t ak he lear the t eS of apete, eusk a 'the wse do the bettetOf the Pde. turs do ushing en the Im pleed n AW. hene by the Fed. a Gewuseust and the 8tste of Pemueylsaia. T Hr y+' ' the upper left left ix '" in esf tide 'e1d 1t jut fiee sse d46 draftemansuiip sede kAds i. dependent again 0 e 0 T MB eitdek-emedeemss in the upper right find sa wdleg is nt se bad V ene bAew. how to ue it e"dA. M AN with the faagy of eight hA" Iost Ad eight, I# partially deaf, and As d ar. tifioli ers, but already he eeunte upon ret uring to Mle farges. e S * B LIND m :an tkis dkiatin fromn a emwhhan on* learned hit trade after as e pleoien in a siOL dcprived iss of Aus eight. tions, vocational schools, and the state employment associseams. These ihould all work together as one organization in the process of putting the disabled worker back on the job. When that Is done the work will be accomplished with i credible speed and success. AREER? 'ERN RIDDLE bkmands on Husband's :lebrated Novelist, Finds Wondered at That Such ire as Well as Those of as he wanted her to. go into the osuntry when It suited him. Pos sibly she would have given up some Interesting career, social or prefseb sonal. And In return she wouM have the pleasure of spending Sun days with him and having during the week an occasional glimpse of him by artificial light. Her annoyance with the situation would be due not to Jealousy, but to a sense of having paid a shilling for something that was worth two WHY MARRIAGES FAIL. But It suggested itself to me as I thought over his we that in this matter of marriage he was not nearly as unusually placed as he - thought. This conflict between mar riage and a career takes Diace in the life of nearly every man to4y who is not a member of the leisure classes or wbo does not follow an occupafion that can be carried on at home. The npdern social syntam says to most town dwellers: "I am willing to pay you wages on whl* you can support a wife and chil dren. But I will give you the money only on condition that you work so, hard that you will hardly ever them." You get, therefore, Immense um. boe of homes In suburbs and tory townas where every k day the husband leaves the ho before 8 o'clock in the morning and on five day. out of the seve doss not get back till 6 .'clock In even. Ing. It is not to, be wo that much marriages do not ure as well as those of past centu , when the husband followed h occupa tion either In the home 'in a workshop not far distant' lla little town. Epitaph, Now a Hiymn, Was Written in ll572 A QUAINT Inscription on an old bras -ablt n BacosvilePar ish church has been set to mnusic by the organist, John 0. Bissley. The epitaph, which commellporates the pnemory of one Robert Lee, a gentleman, who deceased 6th April. 672,'' reads; Content. thyself. with patience, With Christe to beare the crosso ot paine. Which can and will brint recotn penise A thousand foold with life gaine. Let nothing cause the hart. te quslie, lAunche out the boote Hfapie upp the male, Put from the earthy ehoore - And at the length thou shalt oh fane Unto the part that shall remains For ever more, The composition Is In the form ot an anthem, and was sung by the chair for the first time at a musical ie h which the organist gave l.e fo. ure church to take up du ie, where. The svice was In memory of MOO who lest their lives In the mar.