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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, October 26, 1921, FINAL HOME EDITION, EDITORIAL PAGE, Image 22

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PUT 7f'1
laws 'j ..
0~ we ow "soo
1'We March
XIT peope t Nuagary
wasted Charise to rturn.
Otherwise be coulk Mat land
p en airpas sad *Ap himself
the head of a uangarian army.
for:er Egaperor was always
ula Ia both Austria and Hun
. And ever ine Hungary has
subjeted to the despotism of
Horthy and his savage
Terror some of the people
yearned for their King. I
prating about self-determination
government by consent 61 the!
had been really meant by
Allies, CGarles would never
ve ben driven ftom his throne
the Dual Monarchy would not
lave been dismaebered and thrown
1o the wolves.
Simultaneously with the attempt
# coup of Charles thi monarchist
" flon in Bulgaria procured the
sasi'tion of Dimitroff, Minister
pf War and real head of the gov
The program of the Bulgarian
~Oubrhists is to bring about the
rn of Ferdinand and consum
an alliance with the Turkish
Nationalists in their war upon
The real outstanding features are
the impossibility of keeping peace
for any length of' time between the
factions and jealous small states
ihich Russia and Germany and the
Dual Monarchy formerly kept in
Qrder; the reorudesence of diplo
*natie intrigue and militarism,
ainly supposed to have been abol
ihed by the war; and, finally, the
powerlessness of the Council of the
League of Nations sitting in Geneva
to hinder or tb punish the contemp
tous indifference with which the
quarrelsome Balkan States treat its
adm6nitions and orders.
General Dias and Admiral Beatty
are here in America. Marshal Foch
has sailed from France. They are
all welcome to our shores. But it is
a revelation of real human nature
that among the visitors coming to
discuss Limitation of Armaments,
the ones most loudly applauded are
the military and naval commanders,
who are the embodinent of the
principle of armament.
As long as the masses look upon
the military trade as something
above industrial trade, and as long
as war is sung and celebrated as
something glorious and splendid, so
kng will the governments of the
*orld continue to plot wars and to
'UX -useful capital and labor in order
to keep up the show and parade of
unuseful and costly military estab
A British flight expert, Griffith
Brewer, is trying to convince the
Royal Aeronautical Society that
Glenn Curtis did not fly with Pro
fessor Langley's original machine
nntil after it had been altered in
many ways. Curtis says that he
flew with the machine precisely as
it was when rnade by Langley.
Curtis tells the truth, as witnesses
~It would seem that Professor
Langley had enough unjust treat
mnent while he lived to make the
*aak of assailing his rightful claim
to the invention of the aeroplaiie,
now that he is dead, both super
fluous and contemptible.
'The Portuguese revolution is a
Pretorian Guard affair and a royal
lt coup. The people had no hand
in it. One political faction outbid
the other for the support of the sol
iers, who thereupon shot the exist
ing Cabinet to pieces and installed
he new one. This is the third
"revolution" in Portugal in the
past nine months, during which
time there 'have been seven Pre
*biers. These affairs are bad for
?ortugal, but, fortunately, have no
repercussion upon the rest of Eu
Truth About
Rail Wages
T M lO tve nand
&rMMn stee te their engine
duing the war for 4.25 per
day, the pm-ar rate, while an
skilled laborers in other employ
meats were being paid $7 and $6
per day. That was real patriotism
and should not be forgotten at this
The propaganda put out in other
newspapers by the railroad execu
tives, purporting to show the wages
now paid railroad employee, we are
informed by a delegation of engi
neers and firemen, exaggerates the
wages now earned by these skilled
and faithful men.
There is not one fint class pas
senger engineer in a hundred on
any of the principal roads who
earns over *200 a month.
The engineers' pay is $6.32 for a
guaranteed day. But the work is
done on the piece work system and
the open-shop systeri.
The ostensible day is eight hours,
with overtime pay. But the over
time rate of pay does not begin at
the 'bud of eight hours' work. It
only begins after ten hours' work.
So, as a matter of fact, the day is
tep hours piece work at 79 cents
an hour.
After ten hours overtime pay be
gins, but in that case, the rate of
pay reverts to the minimum rate of
$5.92 per day, or 79 cents an hour.
The locomotive firemen are paid
$4.57 per day, or 57 cents per hour,
but after ten hours' work they re
ceive 56 cents an .hour as overtime
pay. This ir effected by the same
juggle of reverting to the minimum
scale when reckoning overtime.
The locomotive firemen got $2.50
a day during the war, the pre-war
rate, and stuck to their jobs just
as the engineers did, though every
one of them could have earned two
or three times as much in the ship
yards or in private employment.
The prevalent opinion that the
skilled railroad workers earn ex
orbitant % wages is therefore based
on exceptional cases, and* has been
created by the industrious propa
ganda of the railway managers.
The skilled railroad workers ac
cepted the reduction of wages order
ed last summer, though of all work
ers their wages were less increased
last year, or not increased at all
during our war.
They ran their trains faithfully
day and night, hardly knowing how
to keep their families decently on
their meager pay-and they did it
because the nation was at war and
they wanted to do their part.
It is a cruel and brutal injustice
to spread a propaganda of falsehood
about men who thus uncomplaining
ly and bravely served their Govern
ment and their people at a time
when the private owners of these
railroads were insisting upon full
return at maximum rates for the use
of their property by the nation for
war purposes.
Nothing is to be gained in this
critical situation by misrepresenting
the facts, and much may be gained
by an honest effort to get the truth
from both sides.
STo a Pair of Old Shoes
Recalling a Mountain Climb;
By Angela Morgan
YOU have outlived the dream.'
You have outlasted all
(lamour and ilt and gleam,
LitlId ed It tue
wild was the hour. and glad
Oh, could the eight of you
Summon the joy T had!
Whe th cst o te hill wan found;
tife was a luminous robe
Wh hould thegds udesend,
Melting two hearts in one.
Seeing te shad ed
You have outlived the thrill
Your ethe ad clt and strng,.
Ammamm, am
co I.
Aterto Du
Out in Detroit, not long ago, I asked Henry
Ford, the automobile m-anufacturer, for an Inter
view. He MAd that he Would be glad to see Me
the next mor nIng.
"What time?" I asked.
"Make it 8 o'clock," he said.
All of which made it necessary for me to &rise
at the phinomenal hour of 6 o'clock in the morn
Ing at Detroit ten miles aWAY, watch the sun
rise over the city which calls Itself dynaic, and
hurry out to the plant at Dearborn, where the
Meeting was to take place.
I arrifbd a little before I and the manufacturer
came In on the dot. He had, however, been down
to his railroad shops, where he is working upon
now designs for roiling stock, and had been mull
Ing aver some of thene for two hours. I fouqd
that so surprise was occasioned about the Ford
plants at any time of day or night it the big boss
should suddenly appear.
Congressman Benjamin K. Focht of PennsyI
vania, In called the mayor of Washington be
cause he In chairman of the Committee on the
District of Columbia of the House of Repressnta
tives. When he was a youngster he went to Bal
timors to study pharmacy and wroked tn a drug
store for 1practa experience. The druggist used
t d- t ar fActor when hi
supiso mksrn oadhr-on
Foch foud hmsel sujectd totheinflenc
ofthttrc oftAde tedLed /re.
Thecgr~ maPRudsaI haEheNppyo
ths atiulrbad a vr lw n ta
neeed NT protcth cusomer frmrunn
ou DoOheeciaNMewoldgvehm oul
bet In etroe nouse. sedun Henht
acqudr ta atmoe orufactunerefogarn wichte
hat n tie't n ed.r ogaif hog l
Ahe ofarhith made iternedar orte to ahisefi
D. the Criner, hompor of ocokI the urrn-y
bena Dtoit to ies awytoc the sun $0
rmont or the rety whfc all ipatsent dynaiang
huory anaount chhe ra earborn wetrthen
immrle Bian litefore and hea mafcrtrerc
men o te ht. Heud, ld-ime freen dowen
toards rilrodtheoter wherece wrkirmng Laker
new ds in char rof pesone, awhichdmeann that
inhesoef theee fhor tw dchoared employ
teltn hsuhrprise wsoy.aItine about thk nord
plante at much tmoe of frynor nihftha igb
Congreina(CBonrriht. 19 htofP13al
vanis cldt hi g ma o ofWshnto.e
D~strit oftClei gofde cHrceo arsna
timoreT d hamac anad awkife, bu
star forPrcicalnexforie.Tedugitue
toe hm dwno thel iga wfachs tor whndhi
stries ovfdentoyeovranlowth a he aoun
s'tound htifse sbeeto he ifuec
IT'the iayra wola gtat e mspl ofh
"need To priottecutyrt.i unn
'out ftse cnigwiand he would giverfm ul e
filthea potote arugskt's oy ih thea
Imp Charls
PRMER Emperor Charles
enjoyed a minute of
sanity and tried to Play
Santa Claus to himself. The
war-loving tax payers of
Hungary turned the "Wel
come" sign on the mat up
sid dowrn and started hon
ingr their safety raxors.
IMP Charles to the Hun
garian populace Is just
as unnecessary an garlic In
goulash. They refer to the
Magyar subjects an popu
lace because they are al
ways popping looe from
somewhere or something.
K AR' '' ** b* *"***"***
to some "safe plaos out
side of Europe." Right. If
there are any cloistered
Spot* Where a guy's tonsils
are safe from being *owed
to a monkey, certainly they
a't ntewe ieo
thp Alntc
grabe theamprssbth
handeR ofmheromrellaand
etarted coun inte ofe
Sat mto himsepf.sT.
HEwaslvn mt foryemslef
usade thed cte limits
by rersntatveno theup
shamer ownfn commred ho
wen MP Carn him that hn
a takng poplce in hus
own unncsay an toalic him
goth. Theeyfe to the
lae becn teyare al
thad popn trade bait
bak io ton ncanced
ther arlockl.stre
Oariving at hein sewed
madent' hon the ineso
of hthe Empres'tbran
ne setG of faselfdengsry.
oNC backde, the pahr ofr
presenvorted buipae, he
gbobed tespemlyprearte
handle oftrer umbre and
stARL~ ceted w h ies
han and gavty mief
opsien the ery imt
by redpreetatiesl of thes
altieng hsitlity, anlhi
W HEle hd fiially
teroard of taeh beiat i
- By K
Dear 9. C. .-I
working at the Wald
guest made a coz*tlaint
the head waiter and I
be left the house he
afraid, for you would1
ask you to tal him i
got fired. I thank you
P. S.-I am readin
MY DEAR Louis.
0 0 .
IF YOU'VE been
* S S
THEN IT must be.
* e S
AND IT must fol
I AM foeur friend.
AND AS I am.
THEN I must do.
* S S
WHAT, I ,may do.
I HAVE to *tell.
IS MY friend.
AND HE'S the boss.
AT YOUR hotel.
AND I'VE a plan.
HE IS my friend.
ANfl I snea'at.
7 ~
V. a. saem ao"e
am a Mautr aNo was
orf-Asaora Notw. A
Woaany evening to
got fIed, but before
said to mee, "Don't be
I't get fired." Nay I
m your column thkat I
86 Ema 79th sbtat
-Nw York city.
g your colum since
-YOU CP this out.
AND TAEE it dow.
TO TE bobbed
INis E eoter room
AND waitr an
0 0 *
comes out.
W eeb evel. t
aito -0U..tb
A N D you th
583. 79 etre
TO THE~ head waiter
ANU YOUP thin t.
AND TAE I dow t
I'OL BE boaved :a
INTeve room.
ANDJUT atbo.
heK re te.hek
DON'T GTE btoto
me. ot
18 the 0uga Rosn MA8
Mental Trounble i
Whether there is truth in a statmmnt that the ouija
board is adding patients to Wasinta asums
through disturbing infinenoes augon District mentalitin,
students of mental phenomena will be inteAsted in the
fact that the board takes its name from the French
word oui (yes) and the German word ja (yes). Its
origin is somewhat obscure. Both the planohette and
ouija, somewhat simila in appearanes, date back to
about 1855, and for a while were objects of consider
able superstition. The planchette is a small board
fitted with a pencil and two casters, made to move
easily over a sheet of paper when the hands rest lightly
on it. The dictionary says the ouija "is a form of
planchatte used in spiritualistic seaness or the like.
It consists of two parts, a board containing the al
phabet and other characters, and a planehette, with
a pointer substituted for the pencil."
Investigation of automatic writings fail to find that
the two boards have any origin in the mysticisms of
Egypt. One writer is of the opinion that the iret at
tempt in ouijaing was made by a man on his wife's
breadboard. The skeptical refer to the board as
wholly a modem trick afair which has no connection
with Eastern or other metaphysics.
Some of the noted spiritualists of the world make use
of the ouija or planchette and carefully study the *
results. An able group of psychologists regard the
ouija as a dangerous deception. Their theory is that
the subconscious mind of the operator directs the
fingers in such a way as to convey the information
hoped for. The operator, they hold, is as innocent of
this subconscious process as a sleep-walker is of what,
he is doing, and naturally puts a supernatural con
struction on the outcome.
Leading spiritualists and other believers in higher
agencies than natural ones, confident that communica
tion with the other world is not only established but
is developing into an understanding that will glorify
humanity, are willing to accept the ouija board or any
other method of transmission that will add ti the in
formation they feel they now possess. Those of ma
terial minds, who deride all supernatural beliefs and
theories, hold to the opinion that after every great
war there is a wave of the occult in some form, and
say that right now the ouija board happens to be the g
most popular man-made medium of bringing together
terrestrial pinds and celestial beings and thoughts.
On Putting "Teeth" Into
A Law
HERE is talk of putting "teeth" into the Each-Cum
mins railroad law.
It evidently needs amendment.
But if surgical dentistry is tWl be practiced on this statute
care should be taken to place the molars on both sides of
the jaw.
It will not do to say that men who work on the rail
roads must obey the law while men who manage the rail
roads are left free to flout it.
It does not seem possible that, without a Constitutional
amendment, a law can be made effective to deny to railway a
workers who wish for any reason to retire from employment
the right to do so.
But if the public interest should be thought to require
the attempt to outlaw strikes, then certainly the converse
of this proposition should also be enacted-namely, railway
managements should be required equally to respect the rul
ings of the Labor Board.
A good deal could be said in favor of even-handed regu
lation of transportation from the sole standpoint of the
public welfare, convenience and necessity.
This would imply rates that the traffic could bear, wages
and working conditions favorable to an American standard
of living, and within these limits an open field for manage
ment by efficiency to earn a fair return on capital invest
ment. .'
But it is a long way from this to what we see in the
existing crisis.
Today the rates are so high that they prevent traffic.
management is contumacious of law and bent on destroying i
the morale of labor, and the workers threaten strike because
they lack confidence in a peaceful solution which will not
assess upon them the entire colt of deflation.
3y J. J. MUNDY.
If you want to know whether a person Is shamming or pretending
to refinement and real culture, listen to the voice In anger or annoyance.
Tbe man or the woman who was born to command never says ear
eastie thins in a raues voice.
AIl may aspire to command, a few reach the place who wore not to
the manner born; bitt the true and "bred in the bone" head of affairs
is smoother when ruffled than the Imitation when putting on the front
susep to be necessary to show authority.
etivate oseand undersalg.
There is ntigso hard to sadof the criticism or a person who
lacks good bedn
You get what you'expect of prsons more often than outhink.
If you know eatly what is heright thing and exetonly the right
thing and do yorpart, mere than likely you will get th beet that Is In
the men or tewomen you have uander you.
But remember the first "nasty,"'mean remark that you make, when'
ou are disappointed, may mean the difference between quccess and
Absolute cerl Iis characteristic of the men in hign 4lacea was
keep them psrmanently and keep going on pnd up the lad r.
COppetgbt. 1021. by Iatenateet Fetue Sewl ee. ...

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