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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, November 11, 1921, FINAL HOME EDITION, Image 1

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o' Mk'W0
t eor %mew?
Eig the dsein et e s itl
Ta awy Is the
ared him late bat
Deing soldlere stoo@d
absve his body 1A his
S h morning they let
e k will 1 ndi
turhA 4" lees as this natten
Whos ane the others, unknown,
t ha he Ierved humanity?
Semmewbi,. in ee's depths Use
dent fen booes of the first to
Maen a ses that ftr him had no
ahore. Where. dead by
, lies the man that first
defIed tyranny for Justice sake?
Vion, who wrote on La Prus
CAlemsgnse and Les Neies D'
Aute, should come back to write
of the unnamed dead, including
the first that tied a string of
leather to a bow, shot an arow,
and began scientiflo war and civ
alsation at the same time. He
began civilization. because he en
abled the weak to compete with
the strong. The unknown Chi
nese that first made gunpowder
stripped steel armor from the
backs - of bullying nobles, and
started democracy-although he
did not know it. Where lies the
first that fastened a sharp fltnt
to the end of a pole. and frqm
an overhanging branch pierced
the brain of a tiger? He estab
Ushed man's ascendancy on this
Where In the grave of the first
woman that planted seed and
tamed a female buffalo for its
milk that she might have regular
food for her children, instead of
dragging them through the forest
at the heels of her game-hunting
lrd and master? Hers was the
Arat home. She created agricul
ture. Who first, with signs
scratched on bark, bone, or sand
stone, began written language
that makes it possible for thought
to travel and outlive the thinker?
That unknown will sleep in good
under Mother Earth.
uwrvant are un
- -Uer by
some oe
they do to save other millions
from mutilation beyond recogni
tion? What method will they
propose better than today's plan,
hat buries legions in unknown
graves, then honors one pieked
at random?
Lloyd George says Washington
is the "hope of the world, a rain
bow in the sky." May it prove
a rainbow, not a mirage, such as
dying men have seen in the air,
above a bloody battlefield. The
world has one duty, to stop mur
der and begin HELPING men in
stead of killing them. It can if
it will.
If the Washington conference
ends in talk and more battleship
building, then this will be a world
to make the dead glad they are
out of it, and safe. Chaos and old
night might descend exactly as
H. G. Wells anticipates, with a re
turn of dark ages and barbarism.
The human race cannot go back
all the way. It cannot lose the
printing. press, electricity, steam,
unfortunately It cannot lose poison
gas or dynamite. It will lose
wealth, civilization's veneer, and
leisure for science, art, and think
may, for a while. see a yel
low triumph over white races, one
a man with slant eyes, whip in hand,
directing white rhen and women
and their children in factories.
That Is not impossible. The
yellow, brown, an d black races
outnumber the whites, more than
two to one, probably three to one.
Yellow and brown men are pa
tient, resist disease, can throw
hand grenades, drop dynamite
from flying machines, make and
spread poison gas as well as we
This is Japan's "eight-eight"
shipbuilding program: Super
dreadnaughts. 8; battlecruisers. 8:
risers, 23; destroyers, 77; sub
marines, 80; river gunboats, 5I.
Total, 223.
The five rive gunboats are In
tended, probably, for China: the
others for white people. Japan
needs no super-dreadnaughts, bat
te cruiserp, no eighty submarmnes
to take care of helpless China oir
What are the white nations to
The fronitiersman could not give
up his rifle while a menacing
wolf, catamount, or painted In
dian remained in the forest. But
he could, and did, refrain from
killing other white frontiersmen.
White nations, the frontiers
men of civilization, might at
least stop killing each other.
Under aome wise, honest agree
ment, Europe nighjt hsve her de
fense against Asia sufficient, but
not financially crippling. Amer
ica may and must have her de
fense against the whole world,
neer, to be usel except In de
fse, as when our ships were
aeadoed on the one a.
ow N
o-ad W wow. ob"b~ ~e __
Address atArlington Drt
Not Only to America Mu to
Entire World.
Internetiaal News U.emlee.
TON, Va., Nov. 11.-On this hal
lowed ground, where rest Ameri
ca's heroic dead, President Hard
ing today gave solemn promise to
the nation and to the world that
the "sacrifice of the millions dead
shall not be in vain."
Speaks To Whole Waru.
"There must be, there shall be.
the commanding voice of a conscious
civilisation against Vzmed warfare."
the President sid. He spoke across
the flag-draped bier of the unknown
soldier, buried here/Wth regal honors,
not alone to the representatives of
America's people. bUt to the highest
emmissaries 4ta 1p wrd' great
powers. path~sofIt1 bon the eve of
onf P,.lereno t-em the
.oef ful
"o the1 a
aothsW h -so. Pw*wr sew
bhildren who ," the President
voiced the prayer "that no such
sacrifices shall be asked again."
As though looking into the faces
of the courageous dead.- the Presi
dent's eyes swept across the slopes.
where multitudes of tiny headstones
rose, rowon row, and echoed "the
prayers of all people that this Armis
tice Day shall mark the beginning of
a new- and lasting era of 'peace on
earth, good will among men.'"
"Love. Justice, Hates War."
"I speak not as a pacifist fearing
war," the President said. "but as one
who loves Justice and hates war. I
speak as one who believes the highest
function of government is to give
its citizens the security of peace. the
(Continued on Page S. Column 7.)
At "Unkno
The full text of President H
ton ceremonies today follows:
Mr. Secretary of War and Ladles
aid Gentlemen; We are met to
day to pay the impersonal tribute.
The name of him whose body lies
before us took flight with his im
perishable soul. We know not
whence he came. but only that his
death marks him with the everlast
ing glory of an American dying
for his country.
He might have come from any
one of un;itions of Amiican hon.a
Somne mother gave him in her love
andl tenderness, andi with him her
most cherished hopes. Hundreds of
mothers are wondering today, find
ing a touch of solace in the possi
bility that the nation bows in grief
over the hody of one she hore to
live and die, if need he, for the
republic. if weo give rein to fancy.
a score of sympathetic chords are
touched, for in this body there once
glowed the soul of an American,
with the aspirations and ambitions
of a citizen who cherished life
and its opportunities. He may have
been a native or an adopted son:
that matters little, because they
glorified the same loyalty, they
sacrificed alike.
Ellory of His Death.
WVe do not know his station in
life, because from Avery station
came the patriotic response of the
R,.000.fl. I recall the days of
creating armies, and the departing
o'f caravels which braved the mur
derous seas to reach the battle
lines for maintained nationality and
preserved civilization. The service
flag marked mansion and cottage
alike, and riches were common to
all homes in the consciousness of
service to country.
We do not know the eminence
of his birth, but we do know the
glory of his death. He died for
his enuntry, and greater devotion
bath no man than this. He died
unquestioning, uncomplaining, with
faith in his heart and hope on his lips,
that his enuntry should triumph and
its civilization survive. As a typi
cal soldier of this representative
democraey, he fought and died, be
lieving in the indisputable justice
of his country's cause. Conseious
of the world's upheaval, appraisingI
the mai tude ofa war the like of
which had never horrifi- human
it efre, nerhaps he haoteved his
Thousands Bow' Heads in Orief
as Procession Passe" Along
Historic Avenue.
And now he belongs to the ages.
Down the long, broad thorough
fare consecrated to the great of a
nation, and out to the silent Vir
ginia hilltops, somber in the gray
ness of November, a lone caaket
passed this morning, to join a sleep
ing army of immortals.
Sun Shrouded in Grief.
Long famous as a street of cli
max, within its memory playing wel
come to great ascendencies. the Ave
nue today was honored by a pa==tng
whose glory and solemnity has been
no part of incidents of other years.
With the sun still struggling
through the mist enwrapped by
nature as Its parting shroud of grist,
pallbearers, ebarmed against the t
of war, lifted their Unknown On
sde from a bMw full
Out to a am. o
to -them an.
'ee.. 0611seed to the sad
af unM v e0d. betrayed tager
as they dropp Into the cadence oT
the lat procession.
The light was not yet full and
strong when the dignitaries of the
Government gathered about the bier
of this always to be nameleen patriot
in the Capitol. Already the streets
of the capital were resounding to the
tread of stamping horses and the
rumble of moving artillery, andgreat
crowds lined the curbs on both sides.
First came the body bearers, medal
of honor men all-Sergeant Taylor of
the Cavalry. Sergeant Radsa of the
Coast Artillery, Sergeant Woodfill of
the Infantry, Sergeant Dell of the
Field Artillery, Chief Water Tender
O'Connor of the Navy, Sergeant Jan
son of the Marines. Chief Torpedo
Man Delaney of the Navy, and
(Continued on Page 8, Column 2.)
s Address
wn' s" Rites
irding's address at the Aring
to be a service destined to change
the tide of human affairs.
Sois Are Aflame.
In the death gloom of gas. the
bursting of shells, and rain of bul
lets, men face more intimately the
great God over all, their souls are
aflame, and consciousness expands
and hearts are searched. With the
din of battle, the glow of conflict,
and the supreme trial of courage,
come involuntarily the hurried ap
praisal of life and the contempTla-B
tion of death's great mystery. On
the threshold of eternity, many a
sodier. I can we'll b~elie've, won
dere3d how his *iebing iood wouldi
color the stres m of humiani life,
flowing on af'er his ,'acrittee. Ili
patriotism was ntone leas if he
craved more than triumph of coun
try; rather, It wan greater If he
hoped for a victory for all human
kind. Indeed. I revere that citIzen
whose confidence in the righteous
ness of his country inspired belief
that its triumph Is the victory of
This American soldier went forth
to battle with no hatred for any
people in the world, but hating war
and hating the purpose of every war
for conquest. He cherished our
national rights, and abhorred the
threat of armed domination; and in
the maelstrom of destruction and
suffering and death he fired his
shot for liberation of the captive
conscience of the world. In advanc
ing toward his objective was some
where a thought of a world
awakened and we are here to tes
tify undying gratitude and rever
ence for that thought of a wider
A Better Republic.
On such an occasion as this, amid
such a scene, our thoughts alternate
between defenders living and de
fenders dead. A grateful republic
will be worthy of them both. Our
prt is to atone for the louses of
heroic dead by making a better re
public for the living.
Sleeping in these hallowedI
gounds are thousands of Ameri
cans who have given their blood for
the baptism of freedom and Its
maintenance, armed exponente of
(Continned en Pa==e a Cona,... )
- ..Phose *or
Occupied the only carriage in the
America Fourth Ay
to Pay Tribute to
Unknown Dead.
]Y lorsmano News service.
The United States is the fourth
nation among the Allies to honor
an unknown soldier with cere
monies symbolic of the gratitude
of the country for the part per
formed by the humble men of
the ranks.
England was the first nation
to pay tribute to her unknown
The second was France and
the third was Italy.
None of the vanquished coun
tries has paid any honors.
Spanish War Soldier Fires Bul
let Into 13rain During Funeral
of Unknown.
While the funeral proceanion of the
unknown moldier was winding its way
up Pennsylvania avenue to Arling
ton this morning, Peter McGraw,
forty-three year. old, a veteran of
the Spanish-American war. commiltted
suicide by firing a revolver bullut
into his brain.
McGraw selected the old Grace
lend cemetery, now a clump of wood
land at Sixteenth and Morse streets
northeast, as the spot to end his
life. What motive he had in killing
himself, was not ascertained by the
police up to 1 o'clock this afternoon.
Shortly before 11 o'clock this morn
ing, Policeman F. A. 11avim, of the
Ninth precinct, while passing the old
cemetery ground heard the report
of a revolvet ihot. Uipon inveetiqa
tion he found the body of McGraw.
In the veteran's right hand was a
umoking revolver.
Believing that there still might he
a spark of life in the victim, Davis
called the Canualty Houpital amihu
lance but when physician, arrived
they pronounced MeGraw dead.
The only papers in McGraw's
pockets wer those indicating that he
had nerved in the army and that he
had been diischarged at Fort Myer in
19032. Hiis hody in at the Morgue,
while the police are nearching for
hi. relative. and trying to furth 'r
identify him. At the Soldiers liome
where it was believed McGraw was
an inmate, it was stated "No Peter
Mcnraw w.e. awa a lnmtea th..,'
For New L]
Ph otoy(alT hnr
Preidnt arin an Gneal erhig mrcedafot n he unra
StneyMrrl, fHator.Con. n .i. .n th.. .ae f Wadn
suranc agnysedywschre*rnecutben nieylci
byhswf ihaadomn n thnhe d le ytebado
nospp.tute onl h altee o
maid's na e ,a Dorthy sh- al
M1NELAt HaNg and Genera.-l erhptin arcd foo mibn othe cnral
nly JMnsoei ofuintgrd hion.wine -forim an unne vil-lwee ofwaldoen
py i ifbce h abndnent anttl hmad by a bic bwavean drnd off
Henuplanerntouttoa ttPrtePe s ar ther al t odayFo
aheusead in aspaemiss,192 afteri hed rando therse receoivdreno ari
had aed.er ooh"we h eriao aw oa tion== = t=h=e 6 vlae of
va Of
IsteretiSmail :
:rest of a little sun-swept hill o
reverent hands laid to his last
soldier who shall be forever narr
Grouped about the simple st
the remains of him who dare
stood the statesmen of the wor
With sorrowing eyes, mindf:
their own heroic dead, they loo
only in the glorious mantle of
its final resting place.
"Dust to Do
Above the rustle of dry autur
mur of a great crowd rose thi
pastor of the A. E. F., intoninj
accompanied countless thousand
"0, God. r as much as t
yet we ha pored ot
, 5 *lL we thaw
and cna ilthis body to the gi
ashes, dust to dust; in sure am
tion unto eternal life, through
Out beyond the spot where this
simple patriot was buried in a king
ly grave, and gleaming majestically
in the chill November sun, rose the
monuments which a grateful nation
erected to the memory of Washing.
ton, the Father, and Lincoln, the
Behind this quiet grave, row on
row, stretched away the white stones
that mark the thousands who pre
esded him in death that America
might live. It was a distinguished
company that gathered alout the
bier of an unknown American sol
dier today to do him final honor. It
Is a company no less distinguished
that reposes about him in his last
Receives America's Greatest Tribute.
The nation has paid homage to its
many heroes before. Generals re
turning from victorious wars have
been thunderously acclaimed. Ad.
mirals who won great sea victories
have been received with the deafen.
ing applause of multitudes and then
followed to their graves by sorrow.
ing thousands. But never has there
been a tribute so solemn in its
grandeur, so majestic in its simplic
ity as that paid this nameless Amer
ican soldier today.
From coast to coast, from North to
south. the nation stood silent in hir.
honor. A l'resldent of the Unita.l
States ,two former Presidents, and i
representatives of kings and emperors
followed hi. body to its grave. The
statesmen of Europe and of Asia ,ioin
ed with America in a mutuality of
sorrow and reverence.
And behind these, in sorrowful pro
cesslor., walked the highest officers of
the land for which he died-membwes
of the Cabinet. justices of the Supremo
Court. ambassadors, Senators and Con
gressmen. generals and admirals, re
splendent in their gold braid and deco
rations, and governors of States. And
still furthpor behind-yet more power
ful than all of them-came the n's
jesty of a free and untrammeteli
American citizenship to "mark him to
his grave."
The great white marble amipltheater.
shining frostily in the feeble sun, pre
sented a scen. of unforgettable beauty
and splendor when the services open
Apse Buried In Flowers.
The apse that held the hody was a
great glorious mass of flowers. They
came from the far ends of the earth
in tribute to America's nameless hero
-roses from England, lilies from
France-hloasoms from everywhere.
Jiehind this mass of fragrance And
color gleamed the brilliant uniform.
and court trappings of the representa
tives of the great powers of the eath.
Orlentat qisador of dress mingled
IJws .oryle.
EON, Va., Nov. 11.-On the
verlooking the placid Potomac,
long rest today an American
me sarcophagus that received
I and died on a foreign field
Id to mourn him.
il, perhaps of the millions of
ked on as the casket, wrapped
his country, slipped slowly to
it" Intoned.
nn leaves and the restless mur
voice of Chaplain Brent, the
r the familiar words that have
a of soldiers to their last sleep:
tis, our brother, unknown and
t his life for freedom's cause
'ar commend his soul to God.
ound, earth to earth, ashes to
i certain hope of the Resurrec
ur Lord Jesus Christ. *
Beatty, the hero of Jutland, rubbed
elbows with BriandI the premier of
France. Dias, who saved Italy at the
Piave. stood beside the glittering gee
orals and admirals from the Far East.
Caisson Arrives at 11:20.
The shiny black caisson, bearing tb
remains, drew up before the marble
entrance sharply at 11:20 a. m. The
body bearers stepped forward as the
Marine Band broke softly forth into
the solemn beauty of Chopin's fu
neral march. The audience stood un
covered as the stalwart medal of home
or men, with slow and solemn tread.
bore their burden through the west
entrance and around the ight colon.
nade to the flower covered apse. Tt
was preceded only by the clergy and
choir and followed by the pallIhbt'rers.
The choir robed fn black and white,
sang "The Son of God Goes Forth
To War" during the solemn procts.
slonal around the colonnade.
The sound of their voices. rising
strongly and beautifully, floated out
to the thousands who, unable to gain
admission to the ampitheater, stood
in reverence In a great circle, for
hundreds of yards beyond the marble
Traffie Jam Retards Harding.
As far as tho eye could sec, the
roads around the ampi~theater w. re
choked with automohiles. Maniy of
those entitled to sh were uinable
to fill them because of the u1.rece
dented jam onm the roads, Preside.nt
1 larding hinself succeeding in reac'h
ing the cemetery only after the .great
eat difficulty. It took his car forty
fIve minutes to thread the mase of
four miles from the White Hlouse
to the ampltheater. He managed to
arrive just on scheduled time.
Tlhe audience rose as the PresIdent
and Mrs. Harding stepped out on the
apse directly behInd the little flower
covered mound that almost hid the
somber black of the casket.
Then the audience stood uncovered
as the Marine Band broke forth Into
the stirring strains of the National
As the musIc died awny over the
brown Virginia hills. (lo. .in T.
Axton. chief of chaplin., steppe4or
ward and raised his hand. 11i. vniee,
pronouncing the Invoeatinn. rang
loudly through the chill air.
Chaplain Offer. Prarer.
A prayer for world tranquility na
uttered by 6o. .John T Amnon. lhi.'f
nf cha"a'ne. t'ntted Ntates ar-my In
hi. invocation nver the enffin in A,'
ington Cemetery. The Invocation tIl
"Alm"'hty God, our GracIous PFather,
In simpe faith and trust we seek '1.a1
bla.Mais W A1&ag=1 in hemas

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