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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, November 12, 1921, FINAL HOME EDITION, Image 1

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Harding's Volos or None.
Cokwnbue' Jewish Blood.
How to Us a Traotor.
... AT3UR 3RAma .a
(Omerviebs. S9SL)
The unknown dead soldier is
buried with becoming solemaity.
Let us hope the lesson he teabes
will not be forgotten as quickly
as were his living comrades. To
them much was promised, and for
thes nothing done.
The best Armistice Day speech.
seven words, came frop Byng,
severnor-general of Canada:
Senators might write that on
their cuffs the next time the sol
dier bonus comes up.
President Harding, denouncing
war, says "there must be a com
'sandin voice." Quite true. and
Unless it be his voice there will
be tie voice.
What frightens nations In their
war preparations? Is it decency,
hatred. or bloodshed? No, but
fear of bankruptcy.
Who has the money ? This
country. The others owe us ten
thousand millions. They want us
to wipe off the debt, not that
they ever expect to pay. probably,
but because with "nothing owing"
it would sound more reasonable
to ask. "When can you make us
another loan ?"
President Harding's must be
the commanding voice. It might
say: "I'll not wipe out your
debtsi, or scale them down, or in
any way help you to feel that
your decks are cleareki for more
war spending.
"The way to discourage vice or
war is to make it expensive. Pay
the ten thousand millions you
owe me first of all. That will
help you to realize that war is
costly. And while you are pay
ing that money you will not be
so ardently inclined to spend for
more wars."
At the moment, unfortunately,
of all the powers gathered at
Washington only one, the United
States, has a definite progran.
We want nothing from the
others; we only ask plaintively,
"For leaven's sake, won't you
cease starting new wars, com
pelling us to spend billions get
ting ready for a fight that we do
not want?"
Every nation wants something
from us. what is wanted first of
all is a cancellation of ten thou
sand million dollars owed by
Europe to the United States.
The very nations, by the way,
that are pleading poverty as an
excuse for not paying us are
nations fighting and starving Rgl
sia, because he cannot possibly
pay what she owes, and taking
the last dollar from Germany,
regardless of the fact that it
must mean German national
bankruptcy-hence greater world
It was suggested here that
Henry Ford should be interested
In the fact that Christopher Co
lumbus had Jewish blood in his
veins, and that his trip to Amer
ica was financed largely by Jews.
Some readers ask authority for
the statement. One, evidently a
Christian, writes: "When you say
that Christopher Columbus had
Jewish blood you insult my re
That complaint is interesting.
If the Creator of the world
thought a Jewish maiden good
enough to be the mother of His
own Son, He might well select a
Jewess to be mother of Christo
pher Columbus.
If interested, read a book pub
lished by Long'mans, Green & Co.
called "Christopher Columbus and
the Participation of the Jews in
the Spanish and Portuguen' Dis
coveries'." The principal Jewish
contributor to Columbus' expenses
see page 71 of the book) was Luis
de Santangel. He was a Jew and
treasurer general of Aragon.
On page 74 you read that he
told the queen it was not necessary
for her to pledge her jewels; he
would supply the money necessary
for the expedition. Authorities for
the statement were given. Sant
angel had to advance money of his
own, for the treasury of Aragon
was empty because of war with
the Moors.
Counties in Kansas comnpete as
to which shall show the biggest
increase in tractors purchased du r
ing the year. Use of tractors, in
stead of horses, means economy,
efficiency, time saving for the
farmer, less need of hired labor.
You read in the excellently
edited Herald, of Armstrong, Mo.,
that A. L. Miller, of that place,
fights intelligently the high cost
of freight.
"When he wants coal he hitches
his patient old tractor to a big
wagon built for the purpose, crawls
ever to a coal mine and brings back
a winter's supply."
Not every farmer is near enough
to a cool mine to crawl over with
a tractor. But every farmer could
double the value of his tractor if
he would have for It an extra pair
of wheels with rubber tires, smaller
in diameter than the p lowing
wheels, for use in hauling freight.
Small wheels give greater haul
lin power. Many a farmer's boy
wth the right wheels and the
right tractor could earn from ten
to twenty-five dollars a day dur
ing the fall and winter months
hauling lumber, coal. etc.. If he
went about It the right way. In
deep snow. take off your rubber
wheela, put on the big wheels
4Crettaned on Page 2. Column 8.)
. a u~I . . .. .. .8 .. . . ..
NUMBE 12,7..#
In a terse, business-like s4
verbiage and niceties of inte
Harding officially opened the n
here this morning at Continen
outline of America's position
and high hopes.
"Gentlemen of the conferei
United States welcomes you w
no fears; we have no sordid
enemy; we contemplate no co
have, we seek nothing which
do wth you that finer, nobler
At Head of U
Thf % esident spoke from t]
table, around which sit in ra
Europe and Asia. To the righ
to the left Great Britain and
of the horseshoe were the repi
Holland #nd Portugal.
On either side of him at the
ica's delegates. The galleries
entire membership of House
Cabinet, Justices of the Supren
"I can speak offlially for our
United States," the President coniin
ued. "Our hundred millions franikly
want lens of armament and none of
war. Wholly free from guile, sure in
Dur minds that we harhor io un
worthy designs, we accredit the world
with the same good intent."
The President voiced both a hope
and a warning in his brief address
a hope that out of thin conference may
rome intternational peace and a b.-tter
understanding among nations, and a
warning that these things can not h.
accomplished by the secret intrigu
that has defeated the aims of so many
international gatherings.
"This in not to be done in intrigue,"
he said earnestly. "Greater assurance
In found in exchanges of simple hon
msty and directness."
Enormous Possibilities.
The possibilities of this conference.
the President pointed out, are -nor
mous. The world is crying to i
rneans of lightening brdens, lunging
Text of Pri
President Harding delivered
,pening of the armament conft
Mr. Secretary and Members of
the Conference, ladies and tGentle
men: It is a great and happy
privilege to bid the dele'gates to
this conference a cordial welcome
to the ('apital of the Uinited States
of A merica. It is not only a satis
faction to greet you hecause ee
were lately piartlipants in a comi
muon cnuse, in which shared sacri
fices .mnd sorrows andl tri:Imphts
brought our nations more c'lose'ly
together, bunt it is gratifying to
address you as the spokesmen for
nations whone convictions and at
tending actions have so much to
do with the weal or woe of all
It is not nossible to overanniraise
the importance of such a confer
ence. It is no unseemly boast, no
dilsparagement of other nations
which, though not represented. are
held in highest respect, to declare
that the conclusIons of this body
will have a signal influence on All
human progress-on the fortunes
of the world.
Awakened C'onsciene.
Here is a meeting, I can well be
lieve, which is an earnest endeavor
of the nwak-n.'d conscience of
twentieth ceneturyri- vilization. It
is not a convention of re.-mors".
nor a session of sorrow. It is not
the conference of victors to de
fine terms of settle'ment. Nor is it
a counc'iI of nations seeking to re
make humankind. It is rather a
caoni== Wgthtt. frontmu al rta ef
n If
Jnsel i
ech, stripped of all diplomatic
-national expression, President
omentous armanent conference
tal Memorial Hall with a brief
-clean hands, honest intentions,
ice," the President said, "the
ith unselfish hands. We harbor
ends to serte; we suspect no
iquest. Content with what we
is another's. We a1y wish to
thing which no naion can do
Shaped Table.
ie head of the great U-shaped
pt attention the statesmen of
t of him sat France and Japan,
taly, and down at the far end
esentatives of China, Belgium,
head of the table were Amer
above were crowded with the
and Senate, members of the
e Court, and diplomats.
for a clearer understanding that rmy
prevent its being again set aflame by
war. And out of this gath.-ring the
President voiced the hope would come
those very things.
Perhaps never before in the world's
history has there been a parley of the
world's leading statesmen with so lit.
tie ostentation and show, so little flow
ery expression and trappings of gran
deur and rank.
The world's foremost staesmen ta
around the green-covered table in
much the same manner that a board of
directors would sit around a table in
the offices of some great Amerlean
corporation. The President's speeeh
was short, terse, and to the point. nat
unlike that of the chairman of sucA a
Only the bright-colored flags, the
hundreds of newspaper correspondents
frorp all parts of the world, and the
crowded expectant galleries marked
this as one of the most, if not the
(Continued on Page 3, Column 6.)
nce Speech
the following address at the
rence here today:
the earth, to apply the better at
tributes of maskind to minimise
the faults in our international re
S4peaking as official sponsor for
the invitation, I think I may say
the call is not of the United States
of America alone, it is rather the
spoke'n word of a war-wearied
world. struggling for restoration,
hungering and thirsting for better
rebationship; of humanity crying
for relief and craving assurances
of lasting Deace.
Easy to Understand.
It is easy to understand this
world-wide aspiration. The glory
of triumph, the rejoicing in achieveo
menti, the love of liberty, the de
votion to country, the pangs of
sorrow, the burdens of debt, the
desolation of ruin-all these are
apprai~iserfl silks in all lands. Here
in the l'nited States we are but
freshly turned fromi the burial of
an unknown American soldier,
when a nation sorrowed while pay
ing him tribute.
Whether it was spoken or not,
a hundred millions of our people
were summarizing the ineumable
causes. ihe' incalcualahle cost, the
un-peakabie sacrifices, and the
un~utt.'rable sorrows, and th.'r,
was the ever impelling question:
liow can humanity justify nr Glod
forgive' Human hate demands no
such toll; ambition and greed muet
Kantiuued an Pa. - I. Onmma ?4
Soviet Finances Will
Be Shifted to Gold
Basis Soon
or esse4soassa No" servis.
MOSCOW, Pjov. 12.-Russian
finances will be shifted to a gold
basis when the ninth congress of
all-Russian soviets meets here
December 20, according to indi
cations today. .
M. Krannostchokof, until re
cently president of the far east
ern Republic, now heads the
budget epartment of the soviet
government and it was under
stood he will introduce the gold
basis which prevailed in the far
eastern republic from its begin
ning. Such a move would mean
that all railway fares, telegrams,
taxes, etc., would be payable in
Krannostochokoff is well known
in Chicago, where he was for
merly connected with the Peo
ple's Institute.
Senators Voice Indignation Over
Worst Trouble of Kind in
City's History.
A combination of inefficiency is to
blame for the traffic jam at the High
way bridge yesterday, according to
officials who were caught in the jam
and had several hours in which to non
sider the causes for the affair.
The jam, which was the worst in
the history of the District. probably
will be investigated by Congress. while
a lesser investigation will be made by
the District officials.
Commissioner James F. O)ster, who
has immediate supervision over the
police department. has called on Ms
jor Harry L. Geseford, superintendent
of pol! o, for a report. "if he knows
the conditions that existed at the
Highway bridge, and if he does not to
make an investigatioin and report."
Police officials are inclined to lay
the blame on the War Department,
saying that the cause of the trouble
was the inefficient handling of the
crowds at Arlington Cemetery. The
army officers lay the blame to the
District policemen who, they may, fell
down on the job, and were idly ogiing
the crowd on Pennsylvania avenue
while a few men weer trying to reg
late traffic among tens of thouman-im
of automohiiles on the bridges leading
to Arlington.
Three Men at Bridge.
Police officials said today that they
had three men on the bridge to reu.
late traffic. The official instructions
given out yesterday hear out this as
mertion. The instructions called on
Capt. W. E. Sanford, in command of
the Fourth precinct, to detail one bi
cycle man and two footmen to regu
late the traffic, but the situation got
away from them and they sent in a
call to headquarters for assistance.
Inspector Harrison, Captain Headley,
in charge of the Traffic Bureau: Lieu
tiant Shelby, Inspector Cross and
thirty-three privates were sent to the
Highway bridge and after several
(Continued on Page 2, Column 4.)
The Washington
" it Good Little
VbOr le, After All"
Ballad by
L. Gamim
Ful1 of all the Worth-while
thou, f life, this tuneful
'Melad wa be foumd most attrae
*e. s a walts, good for
*.er ,. nd in an excel lent key
fm - Written especially
Lfor T1I Washingtn Times, this
A alt? - will bpresented for
he. fh 'n ;ime in prinit with Sun
Ia' ~ shi*to Times. Order
Veks P
Mexican President Discusses
Conference Outlook In Letter
To William R. Hearst.
MEXICO CITY, Nov. 12.-Alvaro
Obregon, President of Mexico, has
addressed the following telegram to
William Randolph Hearst. urging
reduction of armanamts:
William Randolph Hearst.
Propriota The Washington Timres:
Universal disarmament, considesud
in the past only as an ideal to to
attainment at which 1anaY great me4
devoted vLIr dteffrt. haSor.a
becoese St neosesity, t1
ae cost of their equipment coasttte
the bviest burden under which
mankir now staggers.
That part of the coommunitV which
is constituted by men who work and
produce is daily losing strengin,
weakening Its energies and exhaust
Ing its patience. there being an un
due excess in the number of consum
ers whose sole activities are devoted
to destruction in all its forn. Con
ditions such as these have created
a state of disturbance whicf. If it be
not soon remedied, will inevitably lead
to a fearful catastrophe.
b-te Ferce Age Passed.
The only lesson, and this a very
costly one, which the werld war has
taught us beyond all doubt, Is that the
age of brute force is passed forever,
that man's greatest conquests in the
future will be found in the realms of
art and science, and that It is neces
sary to devote to these fields all that
vast expenditure of mental and phyui
cal energy now absorbed in the crea
tion of armies and in the production of
For this reason there is no one who
does not whole-heartedly support the
idea of disarmament, which means the
reduction of armies to a number just
large enough to insure internal order
and to maintain peace at home.
In referring to armaments, three
important poi'.ts must, however, be
carefully considered:
Are the present needs of disar'na
ment in keeping with the moral level
which mankind now attains?
I the toad taken, if one may judge
by the scanty information which has
leaked out, the shortest cut toward the
accomplishment of such a noble end?
Will Qe representatives of those
countries that have been Invited to
discuss this subject put the interests
of mankind before those of their re
spective countries?
Morality Should Ride.
In connection with the first point,
it Is clear that .with the suppre.
sion of brute force, true morality
should attain its real value and in
fluence, and its dictates should be
accepted as final in defining the
rights of all individuals as well as
of all nations. The exact definition
of such rights cannot be reached
until they have been equally grant
ed to all men irrespective of race,
color, language, and religion, and
until it is held that all the nations
which constitute the human race
possess them in an equal degree.
Therefore, in order that disarma
ment, when accomplished, should not
become another failure, it is hoped
that the moral level of the present
generation be sufficiently high to rec
ognise and to respect the rights of
others, imiting its demands to its own
In connection with the second point,1
let us note that a considerable number
of nations have not been invited to
participate in a conference which
means so very much for the entire
human race, and in which, besides dis
armament or limitation of armaments,
other topics will be discussed which
introduce real innovations in the do
main of international law.
Room for Coujecture.
This leaves room for the conjecture
that there does not exist among the
delegates assembled to discuss such
important affairs the intention to use
mere persuasive measures to induce
the countries excluded from the con
ference to accept their decision. In
that case, the desired disarmament
(Continued on rage 19. Column 7.)
an otmJWU or uwis aT u. a, uaa
s ene awmnds e s
Arms Parley of
Her Own
By Iahmtmenml News Service.
12.-The Russian Soviet
gv.snement, d i & gruntled
because President Harding
did not invite Bolshevik
resentatives t o t h e
disar int
parley, has invited China,
Japan, Korea, Slam and
India to send delegates to
a peace conference at
Irkutsk i-mmediately, ac
cording to an uncnfirned
pro" dispatch today.
Chinese and Japanese
delegates were said to have
already started for rkutsk.
SA Nov. 11.-Dr. sun Tat
GO.. cum jiet Vf the Mhine" we
t' a ts the e
"C Me ca e o' so.th &Th..
bwl of Chinase *an asiousalI
low thresurse of the cofterenoe. My
goverament will not permit Peking to
represent her there. Decisions which
are incompatible with us will be re
pudiated by my government."
President Harding may iss.e a
proclamation of peace with the former
Centrl Powers today, It was learned
at the White House.
The State Department has reciv"
cabled asdvloeu that both Germzany and
the other nations have exchanged
ratifications of the peace treaty with
the United States. It was said that It
would be customary to await the re
turn of the treaties before proclaim
ing peace, but because of the
signiftcance of the day the President
might issue a proclamation acme time
after the opening of the armament
At the conclusion of Armistice Day
ceremonies at Missouri's capital yes
terday. Gov. Arthur M. Hyde affixed
his signature to the soldier bonus bill.
By H.G.
Er arragment With line New
OCerright, 1551, hr 'Eb Fre.. Pubilehlag Ce
an might.
Britain, France, Italy and n~
States have honored and buricd
soldiers, each according to the
cumstances. Canada, I hear, ii
So the world expresses its sense4i
that in the great war the only hero
was the common man. Poor Hans
and por Ivan lie rotting yet un
her soil of a hundred battle
fields bones and decay, rags of
soled uniform and frgents of
accoutrements, still waitig for
monuments and speeches. Yet
they, too, were ,stthers' sons, kept
step, o eorders, went singing
ynobeead knew the strag
intoxication of soldierly fellowuh p
and the sense of devotion to some
thing much greater than them
n e N M ofst
)ays H
Complete abandonment of
grams, either actual or pro
armament conference today I
E. Hughes as the first step in
the navies of the powers.
Secretary Hughes propose
other powers, the agreement
ten years.
Secretary Hughes spoke in
man of the American delegst
plan for the limitation of the 1
Came Like a
The plan had previously b
naval advisers. It came as a
inner circles of the American
It had not been expected t]
the lead with such a definite,
until the conference had got
of the Hughes proposal are
navy, our future strength at i
capital ships, with a tonnag
twenty-two capital ships, to
navy will be ten capital ships,
The American proposal would leave
the navies of the world in relatively
the same position they now hold,
namely. Great Britain first. United
States slightly behind her, and Japan
occupying third place.
In capital ships alone, Great Britain
would be more than 100.000 tons in
excess of the United States, while
Japan would be about 200.000 tons be
hind the United States.
In auxiliary craft, however. Great
Britain and United States would be of
equal strength, while Japan will be
considerably behind.
Secretary Hughef proposal applied
only to the United States. Great
Britain. and Japan, the Secretary
stating that owing to the peculiar
position of France and Italy due to
the world war, those nations would be
mtons Conferentce.
I NO. 4.
Geem uiain
teek WerM and Chicase Tribune.
,, T. New York World and Chilme Tribune.
ow the peoples of the United
the bodies of certain unknown
ir national traditions and cir
to follow suit.
right orog en atheir case alto
fce ,'membfrrd.
A time will come when we shuall
cease to visit the crimes and blunders
and misfortune. of their governmnents
upon the common soldiers and poor
folk of Germany and Russia, when our
bitterness will die out and we shall
mourn them as we mourn our own. as
souls who gave their lives and suffered
greatly in one universal misfortuna.
A time will come when these v~ast
personifications of conflict, the un
known British soldier, the unknown
American soldier, the unknownn
French soldier, and so forth, wi'l
mrgs into the thoughit of a still
greater personality, the emabodinent
whnmmsI em ?m= 5 nesa.. e
News Service.
all capital ship-building pro
jected, was proposed to the
)y Secretary of State Charles
the world-wide plans to limit
d that, if acceptable to the
proposed by America last for
his official capacity of chair
i6n and submitted a complete
iaval armament in his opening
Bomb SheHL
een worked out by American
bomb shell to all except the
iat the Americans would take
concrete, and drastic proposal
en under way. If the terms
applied to the United States
ea will be limited to eighteen
e of 500,650; Great Britain,
rinage, 604,450, and Japan's
tonnage, 299,700.
considered by the conference at a
later date.
Anserica's Proposals.
What America proposed was briefly
1. Complete abandonment of all
capital ships now building or con
2. This would mean scrppping all
of America'i 1916 program, which Ia
not yet completed; Japan's famous
eight-and-eight program, and Great
Britain's program of four new super
3. This program would cost the
United States about $330,000,011.
4. Scrap all pider vessels beyond
certain classes.
6. Great Britain. Japan and the
IUnited States to agree not to replace
any of the ships they keep within tea
years--in effect, a ten-year naval holi
6. That wl'en replacements begin
at the end of ten years. no ship be
built of over 35.000 tons.
Would Keep Ships 20 Yearm.
'7. That, stabject to the ten-year
limitation, ships left should be corn
sidered fit for replacement at the
end of twenty years.
8. The powers are to inform each
other upon completion of the "scrap
ping" and also as to replacements.
9. Secretary Hughes made no spe
cif ic recommendations concerning
nerchant marine, but said that 'his
subject also had to be considered.
The naval armament limitation
proposals made I.y Mr. Hughes in his
address were as follows:
"The United States proposes the
following plan for a limitation of the
naval armaments of the conferring
nations. The United! States believes
that this plan safelv guards the in
terests of all concernde.
"Tn working out this proposal the
United States has been guided Ly
four general principles:
"(a) The elimination of all capital
ship building programs. either actual
or projected.
Would Scrap Older Rhips.
"(hi Further reduction through the
scrapping of certain of the older
''(c) That regard should he had to
the existing r~aval strength of the
conferring pewers.
"(d) The use of capital shes tom
nage as the measurement of strength
for navies and a proportionate aJ
lo'wance oif auxiliary combatanlte
craft prescribed."
D~eta ils of the naval armaments
limitation program follow:
Proposal for a limitation of naval
C'apital Ships.
1--The t'nied States to nrap all
new capital ships now uinder construc
tion and on their way to complettes.
This includs i battlearereesn
e..s bstmaa.ha a he s W e am i =

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