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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, December 28, 1921, FINAL HOME EDITION, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026749/1921-12-28/ed-1/seq-2/

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(Continued from Tirst. Page.
~g~ aferemlo. isbraesm Pont.
tf the naval decision would
n~hfgfor the cummeo. to
but wind Up Chinese al's and
Sdeclaration of policy with
eri, to dberia.
b b n question can bd -
Sin short order. Tar ota
Slanis for a brief discussion and
.AVI the iroclamation of a decas,
twi fth readt
3berla, wwhhw old pledge the s
nipowes not to take advantage
s ting Russian conditions to an
li Russian territory, and Pot to
dubroech upon Russian sovereignty
In other ways. This-would carry out
the "moral trusteeship" idea which
is the declared Policy of the Admin
Th. tentative plan of the leaders+
" Is toseal the Chinese decisions as
peuttles. etc., by means of a nine
power treaty. This treaty would
also reaffirm the adhesion of the
powers to th, open door policy and
I ontain a Pledge to respect China's
territorial and admnistrate integ f
Ilty.__ __
Japanese Want Treaty
Revised, Tokyo Reports;
- ara Pact Humilati n g
p a te or Mnil News Ts a a.
TOKYO, Dec. 28.-The so-calci
"protection clause" of the Pacific
treaty drawn up by the Washngto
conference has aroused a, storm of
o n Japan and there were
Mmbers today that Japan would
enly ratify with reservations unless
the pact is revised.
Vice Foreign Minister Tanaka
received the diet committee and
promised a full inquiry into the "pro
tection clause" and complete inter
pretation of it.
"Ratification is possible, but only
with reservation covering the 'proh
tection clause'," said the foreign
office official.
Members of the government claim
that it would be humiliating to
Japan to include the homeland in the
Chestnut Fe
the 1cncenrate esnn
OH,.i WI:-L~
if f~f; CALON
Bt RUe
Work of Ar
Mostly to
It must be a wonderful honor to
be a member of the advisory com
mittee of the American delegation to
the arms conference and then have
y7 ur reports brushed aside by Secre
gary Hughes in the way in which he
sent the advisory committee's recon
rrms Dairy
ot cup of coffee or
id baking.
-er it is used, you have
nece of nature's most
ng better with than
or which there is no
Enjoy the luxury of
gcticut Avenue
~. usL~t 4 uw a u.
mament Ad
Hughes' W
mendations on submarines into the
conference waste basket.
The advisory committee Is made up
of peace-loving men and women. so
no comments have been forthcoming
from any of them. Most of them
probably have been convinced, from
the start, that their committee was
created chiefly to satisfy the de
mands of various organisations. of
geographical sections and govern
mental departments fpr some kind
of partJcipation in the, conference.
To a large dztent, thr ork of the
committee has not tragressed be
yond the bounds of this task of "rep
resentatlon." The subcommittee on
naval armament took its work a lit
tis more seriously and submitted an
elaborate report on the importance of
maintaining a powerful submarine
defense for the coast lines and the
possessions of the United States. So
carefully was this report made by
the experts of this committee and so
well were its arguments presented
that it won the unanimous indorse
ment of the advisory committee.
Thereupon that body preented this
report to Secretary Hughes, for the
use of the American delegation.
When the report was drawn up, in
the early days of the conference, the
British propaganda against the sub
marine had only begun. Secretary
Hughes' proposals for an allotment
of 90,000 tons each for the United
States and Great Britain and of 54,
000 tons for Japan had brouvht only
a reservation for future discussion
from Great Britain. Nor war there
any reason to believe that Secretary
Hughes' proposal represented any
thing else than the actual needs of
the t'nited States.
Didn't Fool Subcommittee.
But the British propaganda was
persistent and powerful. Ably
abetted by the silence of Secretary
Hughes, the representativeq of Great
Britain were able to .promulgate their
doctrines with little hindrance. They
won a lot of publicity for their view..
but the naval armament subcommit
tee of the advisory committee waif
not misled by It. It merely made
more emphatic lts recommendations
for a 100.000-ton submarine fleet for
the United Utates.
Finally, last week, the submarine
debate began in the secret session.
of the conference. By that time the
British were so encouraged by the
success of their propaganda that
they made a bold demand for the
complete abolition of the submarine.
Against the view. of Mr. Balfour,
Mr. Hughes presented the report of
the advisory committee. He did so
guardedly, however. He was care
ful to plead that he presented this
report "not as the spirit of the
American Government, but as a re
port of the advisory committee."
Somehow the .Secretary seemed to
fear that by the bold way In which
this report took issue with the Brit
ish views might not be construe I as
For the report was a strong pr.
NEW YORK, Dec. 283.-Denying that
Manhattan is in the grip of a crime
wave, JToab H. Banton, district attor
ney-elect of New York county, yester
day asserted there has been less crime
this year than last year or the year
'New York is the best big city in the
world" he said. "there Is less crime In
proportionl to population than an3P
where else, when you consider the
10,000,000 people who have access to
the .city."
SHANGHAI, ChIna, Dec. 3.-Dr.
A. L. Shelton, the msIonSar'y who
was captured by the Yunnan bandits
est year and recued by an Amnerican~
serchng party, has returned to Chin.
after a rest in America, and I. on his
way to L.ba..a to become court phy
eican to the supreme head of the~
fuddhist church in China, the Dali
Lama, who believes himself to be the
reincrnation of Buddha..
While In America Dr. and Mrs.
maatam =mMene th=mneles with
risers Goes
aste Basket
sentation of the American navy's
view of the need for submarine de
fense. It declared the submarine
necessary to protect our two long
coast lines and to maintain the out
lying possessions of the United
"If these colonies once fall," It
said, "the expenditure of men nec
essary to recapture them will be
tremendous and may result in a
drawn war which wodid really be a
United States defeat. The United
States needs a lasme submarine force
to protect its interests."
Apparently this report was worth
only the paper on which it was writ
ten. Secretary Hughes waved it
aside In the next day's dlscussitne
and presented a proposal to cut our
submarine fleets to $0,000 tons, in
volving the scrapping of $5,000 tons
of existing American submarines.
On this proposal no advice, counsel.
or suggestion was asked from the
advisory committee or of its subcom
mittee on naval armament. Under
those circumstances it would not be
fair here to print the names of the
distinguished individuals who make
up this subcommittee.
For those who are looking for a
reason for Secretary Hughes de
liberate ignoring of the committee's
report, we might commend a single
paragraph from that document. It
tells in terse and vigorous' language
the real reason for Great Britain's
opposition to submarine fleets. At
the same time it gives the unanswer
able reason for America's main
tenance of a powerful submarine
Here's the Reason.
This paragraph of the report fol
"A nation possessing a great mer
chant marine protected by a strong
surface navy naturally does not de
sire the added threat of submarine
warfare brought against it. This is
particularly the case if that nation
gains its livelihood through overseas
commerce. If the surface navy of
such a nation were required to leave
its home waters, it would be greatly
to its advantage if the submarine
threat were removed. This could be
accomplished by limiting the size of
the submarine so that it would be
restricted to defensive operation in
its own home waters.
"On tbe other hand, if a nation has
not a large merchant marine, but is
dependent upon seaborne commerce
from territory close aboard, it would
be necessary to carry war to her. It
would be very natural for that nation
to desire a large submarine fore to
protect the approaches on the se and
to attack troop transports, supply
ships, etc., of the enemy. Control of
the surface of the sea only by the at
tacking power would not eliminate It
from constant exposure and loss by
submarine attacks.'
This paragraph does not mention
IGreat Britain by name, but no other
country answer. the description it
quantities of pocket knives, cheap
watches, agate marbles and stringe
of shell pearl beads to be used as pres
ent. along the dangerous journey
which he is undertaking far intq the
interior and through the country.
where he was held a captive for sixty
two days and underwent much suffer
Mrs. Shelton will not accompany
her husband. She is en route to India,
where she will publish the story of
"Esther" in the Thibetan language.
Sure Relief
I' a
Hot water
-' Sue ReUef
smaMORiBAX,3Dee. 28.--'dp 4 a
vat Sen, wife at Dr. Siun, President qf
-he, au.tohi"s. re,.blic, res.,di.,
whoe easty pferazers were enter.
-e.-e a- - -r-se-~
her .runapNe, has arrived at the
battle feont and Joined her husband,
iwas definitely aestabrshed In ad
vies received herd today.
A Sa
If there's a need
a very low price.
This is a good-lookir
head and the foot. It
and easily cleaned.
Two-Inch Con
Steel Bed
White Enamel
This Period D
(Genuine Wa
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Chifforette, Toilet Ta
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Has roomy robe
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nicely finished in bro
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Tw to a 8. s.
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Provide against future nee
Pleasing Paw
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~sign Bedroom Suite
nut or Mahogany)
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nvitsd to Bdng Chlddmn ,
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lybw a< the DPI*or cs
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a ith dawefrst .

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