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40 mast help M
the Mutsu Mu. 3
~amus. t" prMh
soaker Asmeria esqlo
t t th, t the naval s.
sere to , do with its M
the question of asel .i :
onthe u ar ther are al
fled. BDy lnitatio on aermsnante
prToudaats ssrog r vr
tone. ad aethall to eseof war
Lan's strength will be d to 1 of
lea, because Mr. Lsker In bis
eage to President Har*a baa
that if the auerebant marine
tion does not change in favor of
ica. then Britain will have so
faster and bigger shipe-which ini
of war could be transformed into a
UWary cruisers-that the ratio wg
be 3 to I In favor of Britain.
. Pregrams Plees m itain.
The Amerkan program of
snarine ratios was for America's
tense.. It was said, and Mr. Hu
in spite of the serious opposition
other nations. agreed to make
amendment to his program as
hurt America and please
Foreign 4iplomats in Washington
high naval officers in Amerisa
alder Mr. Hughes' attitude as r
of the real meaning of the W
ton conference-en Angie-A
Naval Convention. America acting
a supporter of Britain in her
of absolute' supremacy In naval
This will not produce "pines
earth, good will to men." Mr. u
to please Britain. for reasoes
known to himself, became att th'
terings of the conferemis have
carried on In seeret, is putting A
cannUOW nteestatthe mew/
Brtish eands H. ep up -o
derstand that If he d not mnase
compromise on the submarine
then the question of the sucoee
the conference would be at stake,
there will remain the Anglo-Ja
alliance, menacing the world
This makes It. clear that the
Japanese alliance was against
oao and it continued will be
America. Under the crcu
it wise for America to cater to
sweet will of Britain?
"Peace on earth, good will to
can be furthered by American
lam of nonentangling alliances
not being a party to a naval
tion which will make America
antes Britain's pretension of
domination through her
No alliance or no naval or m
convention has ever been
for peace, and It is sure that what
Hughes is doing in the con
will not be for peace.
Aneiher article b Prof.
appear in The Wesingtes'
Fr Colds, Grip or nfl
yyi Y .ftdq. o tans*"
p~sttsTANTa e wian
.... .r n W. Gm. cng s..
S STAMP OF
hhir et lo O
weut W c.rbak
Christian Christmas Spirit Ab
seit in Conferenoe Dealings,
Prof. Das Asserts.
Or PROF. TASAKNATH DAM.
(Lglot I is kehe.ie or Mas
Peace on earth and good will to men
Is the thought of the seson. Wil
the A rmafConference further the teach
ing of the Prince of Peace? Good will
to men Is the first requisite for pe'si
on earth, but 1s there any ndication
that there is real good will among
the nations that have been discussing
the problems of limitation of arma
ment In Washington? We do not
find the s"i there.
The spirit that permeates the con
ference is one of ssmerting national
supremacy and thus Increasing jeal
ousy among the nations.
This Is most evident In the speech
of Mr. Balfour In opposing French
proposals on submarines. Mr. Bal
four makes it clear that If the French
wish' to have large submarines and
bigger tonnage of capital ships then
it would mean France would direct
thegp against Britain and her com
merce. French demand for a bigger
navy has been met by Italy with the
declaration that she must have a
navy equal to that of France.
Brala Demands Supremsaey.
Britain can have the biggest navy
in the world and none should question
Britain's motive in keeping a great
navy although it mans world domi
nation, but one should have a navy
that might even be conceived as a
weapon against British mastery of the
sea. That Is thie spirit that is ruling
that phase of the Conference which Is
deciding about the limitation of arma
ment. This is not conducive to the
Idea of "Peace on Earth." As long
as there is not going to be disarma
ment there must not be any arrange
ment in the field of limitation of
armament that would permit one power
to be absolutely supreme. Mr. Hughes
so fa has not done one thing that
means safety for America in the e
of the gusting spirit of jealousy and
the spirit of domination of the world
among nations. He has ooneed
everything Britain asked him to do
at the cost of American- safety ,and
He, after consultation with the Brit
Ish, presented a program of natural
ratio regarding the capital ships
which put America at a great disad
yantage. But when Britain found out
inal Brodt's In
11th Street I1
(Opposite Star Building)
9th Street I
(Just Above E Street)
re of the ADDRE
DeNderas Need Only
Two Votes To KU
Democratic leaders who ope
the lour-power pact declae o
day. that twen -seven of their
assooltee have been rounded up
agailnst fae airs ient.
This Is one moire vote than has
been claimed by the most opti
The number indicated requires
but six additional votes to make
doval of the new compact
There are at last three Re
uablicans oposd to the treaty
orh La lette, and Norris.
It s believed Senator Ladd
will join them, leaving but two
more votes to be acquired to
make the needed aggregate of
abinet Shunts Decision on Al
liance to Diplomatic Ad
By iatermsaasnel News Servies.
TOKYO, Dec. 30.-Unable to reach
decision on the "protection clause"
f the, new Pacific treaty, the cabinet
oday referred It to the diplomatic
dvisory council. Strong opposition
rose over the clause be sause of an
nterpretation putting the Japanese
omeland on an equal status with
he Insular possessions of the othet
The militarist newspapers declare
ny provision in the treaty offering
apan the same protection afforded
D Insular possessions would be hu
illiating. They may it would reduce
span to the position of a protege
t the powers, as China Is at pros
EXPLOSION KILLS 3 SONS,
THEIR MOTHER WILL LIVE
YORK. Pa.. Dec. SO.-The condi
Ion k Mrs. Monroe L. Ma;kle. who
rae severely burned Wednesday eve -
ing as a result of an explosion of a
asoline can at her home was Im
roved today and shie is expected to
Her three sons. Melvin, aged eight
'lair, aged four. and Harold, aged
Ix, died in the York Hospital.
No Intentiorn of Building Ton
nag Demanded, Economists
At Conference Believe.
By GBORG R. 5 OLMSa,
Iahessmal News IseIe..
Despite all the furore and ill feel
ing that has been engendered In
Washington over French naval alms
the conviction is held in high con.
f rence quarters today that France
never will lay down onequarter of
the naval tonnage which she has
demanded and secured from the con
Economists and naval experts point
to France's -firsncial condition in
juatification of their opinions that
the ships will not be built,
Figures presented "to the French
Senate on Monday by senator Sheron
showed that France's national In
debtedness now totals 333.000,000,000
francs (about $65,000,000,000 at the
normal rate of exchange, and that
this indebtednefw. is steadily increas.
ing. Approaimately 145,000.000.000
francs, or $39,000,000,000 of debt, has
been incurred since the ending of
the war, showing that France not
only is not making both ends meet,
but has little prospects of doing so
for some years
In the normal course of events, it
would be nearly 1920 before France
could expect to complete her am
bitious I reram. By 1930, Senator
Cheron on Pd .nday informed the
French Senate, the French debt will
have increased, ' to 426.000,000.000
francs, with the annual interest
charge on this sum In excess 'of
Vrance's - annual income. The total
revenue this year was 23,000,000,000
Whe' then, ask the economists
and experts in Washington. is France
to get the money to lay down 90,000
tons of submarines and 230.000 tons
of auxiliary raval fighting craft?
Ninety thousand tons of subma- .
rines would cost, according to Ameri
can estimates, $150,000,000. The more
than 300,000 tons of auxiliary craft
would cost around $500,000.000.
The convection is held in confer- I
ee circles that neither the French
treasury nor French public opinion
is prepared to sanction such a huge
outlay, and that France fought here
for the right to build a huge navy
rather then for the actual tonnage.
The French naval program also
can be used as an effective diplo- F
matic weapdn. it was pointed out, and r
the opinion is held by many ob
servers here thrt this Is the use
France eventually will make of her
haed-won rig t to hld a huge navy.
It is concettable to diplomats fa
miliar with coatinental methods that
France will esme her naval plans to
obtain concessions in other matters
of Furopean diplomaqy-in the Ruhr,
in German reparatlonis, In the allied
supreme council meeting at Cannes
next week, and in the more impor
tant international economic and fi
nancial congress that is to follow.
U. S. CUTTER GIVEN SILVER
SHIELD FOR SAVING SHIP
BOSTON, Dec. 20. - The coast
guard cutter Acushnet has been pre
sented with a silver shield by the
Prince Line, Inc., owners of the Brit
ish steamer Gaelic Prince, which the
cutter saved from the shoals off Cape
Cod last April. The shield carried an
inscription saying it was "A tokr' of
appreciation of excellent seamanship
by Commander Lauriat and the
officers and men of the Acushnet."
The Gaelic Prince had been ashore
on Great Round Shoal for ten days
before she was pulled off.
NEAR-SIGHTED, HE WED
SAME MAN TO 2 WOMEN
NEW YORK. Dec. 30.-A New
Year resolution that marriage license
bureau officials in the Bronx never
again would unknowingly assist in
bigamous contracts was made yes
terday, by Deputy City Clerk McCabe
when he Installed a card index systemj
to all applicants In the bureau.
The Bronx grnd jury had disclosed
that a near-ighted bureau official
had married the same man to two
Some Snake Hunter..
SOUJTH CANTERBURY, Conn,, Dec.
30. - John Sullivan couldn't make,
townspeople believe he had killed a
hlackanake, so he went hack and
killed fourteen more and brought them
back as evidence.
costing too much
will help you solve the
cost of living, help you
sve on the cast of Cloth
ing, groceries, fuel, en
tertaiznent, etc. 5S f..
tures in the big January
number, as well as 7
delightful stories. Take
a copy hostie tonight.
l To Pieces
to be abandoned Japan insisted
upon further 4 acromchments in
Siberia, so tie Hughes' notion of
"moral trusteeship" of Russia had
to be scrapped. The ship grounded
on the issue of theolimitation of land
armaments and was floated only by
accession to the French demand that
this issue be abandoned.
The Big Three, who had assumed
control. frame4 a high-sounding
treaty for a quadruple alliance in
the Pacific. But they hung secret
agreements upon it and forgot to
tell President Harding about it. So
there was an explosion that almost
wrecked the ship and may do so
yet. It took much maneuvering to
induce the French to accept the
capital ship lmitatlons imposed by
art agreement between the United
States. Great Britain and Japan.
But France refused to accept a simi
lar limitation for submarines and the
ship almost went down.
Coterence at Werk.
So there you are. The conference
is still at work. On paper, it still
has a formidable agenda en which
to work. But the delegates have
been calling each other names. After
sloshing around in fulsome conpii
ments. they suddenly began to
shake their fists at each other and
to talk about menaces and threats
It is a lovely mess. It is not the
first time that a peace conference
has broken up in a row. Secretary
Hughes still hopes to' save this one
and if he and President Harding
can establiph a line of communica
tion that will enable them to stay
on the same side of the road, some
thing may yet be salvaged.
But there is a lot of gloom in
conference headquarters. The news
from Tokyo, from London, and from
Paris is anything but reassuring.
Public opinion that took the peace
pretenses at face value two month.
ago, Is becoming skeptical. The
newspaper headlines that heralded
its success are forecasting Its failure.
The conference has developed a
new school of optimists who are
hopeful that the conference will fail
and of pessimists who fear that it
SPAIN REVEALS CAMPAIGN
MADRID, Dec. 30.-The spreading
in Spain of false reports regarding
events in Mexico and other Spanish
American republic., which was do
nounced by the Mexican minister
here, is attributed by the Dcbate ye*
terday to a campaign being waged
with the object of causing disunion
among peoples of the Spanish race.
It calls upon the Spanish diplomatic
and consular represpntatives to exert
themselves for the dissemination of
the truth regarding the countries in
which they are stationed, the news
paper arguing that this is their
PENNA. GIRL EMBEZZLES TO
PAY FOR MUSIC LESSONS
PITTSBURGH, Dec. 20.-Miss Ma
thilda KeII was arraigned in police
court yesterday charged with the em
bezzlement of approximately $4,000
while serving as bookkeeper for a
mercantile house. She was released
on $5,000 bail after promising to as
ist her former employers in straight.
ening out the books, and the case was
continued until the audit had been
Miss Kell said her salary was not
sufficient to supply her want for
books and music lessons, and declared
she had never taken more than $10
at one time.
MONTANA MINES TO OPEN
WITH WAGE SCALES CUT
BUTTE, Mont., Dec. 30.-Mines .md
reduction plants in the Butte, Great
Falls and Anacdnda districts will re
sume January 16, it was announced
yesterday by all the local mining comn
*tsrting Jan 1i, a ..horisona
wage deceviase o cens ashift willl
T A PAL WA
esriM~l. v,:r .Casanam'.
e Is Shot Al
Ex-Pres. Poincare Says
Ans Pakley Is
By Inte.sMea New. Iserie.
PARIS, Dee. 30.-Former
Presidetit Raymond Poincare, of
the Frehcb republic, writing in
the P Bleu today expressed
the oplniof that the Waslington
conference has been a failure.
"At Washington," said M.
Poincare, "after wonderful ora
tory in the plenary sessions the
commissions got to work and
then a terrible emptiness revealed
itself. The speeches were excel
lent, but the results were nil.
"Our friends at Washington
and Londoki uuhappily seem to
forget the rapid reawakening of
the detestable German instincts.
Illusions myth and the fumes of
vague ideam still obscure the
realities which before long will
The new race in the building of
dreadnaughts, he was assured, was
the outgrowth of Pacific rivalry. A
conference that would restore the
irtgrity of Russia and China and
remove the conflicts between the
powers - interested in the Pacific
would make possible a geuprl agree
ment to abandon costly fleets, and
save hundreds of milliots of dollars
-yes. even billions-for war-bur
dened taxpayers all over the world.
Besides this, it would assure peace.
All Seemed Very Simple.
It all seemed so easy and so
simple. When President Harding
issued his call, the Republican
leaders congratulated themselves
that the Administration had found
a measure so popular that the
campaigns of 192 and 1H4 were
already won, no matter what hap
pened to the tariff or to taxes. No
Democratic resurrection, no third
party plan, they were convinced,
could hope to dethrone an Admin
istration which had achieved a
measure of such world-wide benefi
There were pessimists enough to
point out the perils of this pro
gram, but nobody would iisten to
them. The international bankers
in New York and elsewhere saw in
the conference a step toward a
new world ineurance for their bad
European investments. Alt the
power of their influence helped irr
the propaganda to advertise in
advance the success of the under
taking. What matter it if the
United States had to make the big
gest sacrifices and to promise to
carry the chief burden of guaran
tees? What if the United States
had to sanction the crimes of
British and Japanese imperialism
iii the Orient, or even of France
in Europe? If by that sanction
the world could be teinporarily
stabilised and these investments
.enhanced from a market quotation
of to or les to a possible 96 or
even more, was it not worth the
cost? Who would count a sacrifice
in so noble a cause?
The pessimists seem to have
been right, after all. As long as
the good ship was out in the open
ocean, everything looked lovely.
But when the conference neared
port, and the decisive sessions
actually convened, the reefs of dis
cord began to appear. Fine pre
tenses were swept quickly over
beqrd. Lofty ideals proved bur
denseme. Noble purposes were a
hindratice to the attainment of
Fraud Behind Deers.
Lest the public realise the full
ent of this fraud, public see
slen. were abandoned and the in
trigues were carried on behind
Japan would make no sacrifices
In China and Great Britain weuld
not urge her to do so. Therefore,
the beautiful plan to restore the las
te=rity ot that auna. ....a. be
t~ 1IN1s OU WEA
Faith of Pi
The arms conference slip is on
the rocks. If enough pf its agenda
can be jettisoned, it may be possi
ble to pull the ship from the reefs
and tow the wreck into port.
This means that all the noble
ideals and the high pretenses for
perpetual peace, the restoration of
China and Russia. the limitation of
land assnaments, and a genuine re
striction of nasal budget will-have
to be thrown overbard.
Aaoording to the present ,outlook,
all that will be left will be an un
ratified quadruple alliance and a
somewhat shattered progran for a
ten-year naval holiday in the build
ing of dreadnaughts. Even at that,
there will be some question whether
this remnant will be sea-worthy.
On' the fact of it. this is a pitiable
anti-climax from the grandiose ex
pectations aroused in the hearts of
the world last July when President
Harding invited the nations to come
to Washington for the conference.
President Harding meant well. In
his inexperience, he saw no reason
that the great nationa who had
emerged victorious on one side of a
world war shouM not be able to
agree on enough of mutual sacri
fices to insure a half-armed peace.
The same nations had made a mess
of it at Vergailles, but they had had
three years more of experience and
the lessons of those three years
should make a peace agreement
The'scrapping of the German fleet.
President Harding was told, had
ended naval competition in Fattrope.
(Continued from page One)
awry of the submarinep. It is the
British contention that the dubmarine
Is Incapable of legal er moral use
against commercial vessels, and het
'etatesmen here will leave no stone
unturned to commit the other -pow
's, and ultimately the world, to
Whether success will mpet the
British campaign was con dered a
matter of doubt today. Whllq it as
the support of -the United. States, the
other nations of the conference, re
membering the efficiency and potency
of the submarine In the wai' as a
weapon that almost brought Britain
to her knees, are loath to subscribe
to- such a broad set of principles as
has been proposed. Be far all they
have assented to is a restatement
of existing International law in
It is expected that the submarine
discussions and other odds and ends
of the naval program will occupy the
rest of this week and most of next.
Far East Prpbiems.
Meanwhile, the Far East problems
await the ending of the naval discus
sions. The deadlock between China
and Japan over the return of Shan
tung are still In a state of deadlock,
with an ultimate agreement daily ap
pearing more doubtful.
China is merely biding her time to
Sfqrmally demand that' the conference
1 consider the validity of the twenty
t.one demands, the crux of the whole
Far Eastern case, so far as China is
concerned. It is virtually certain
that the conference will refuse point..
blank to consider these demands. The
-Chinese recognize this fact, but they
will present their claim anyhow, in
order to "save their faces" with pub
lie opinion in China.
Submarine Issue May
Be Finally Settled by
Allied Supreme Council
By EARLE C. REEVES,
Iateruations News serviee.
LONDON, Dec. 30.-The submarine
issue created by France's demands at
the Washington conference may be
shifted to Cannes, when the supreme
council meets there next week.
Premier Lloyd-George, who is al
ready at Cannes for a brief holiday be
fore the supreme council meeting,
Jumped into the controversy today in
an effort to untangle it. The premier
has broken his holiday and is keeping
the wires busy between Cannes and
London obtaining views and advice
from admiralty experts.
The premier has notified the
admiralty to have a high naval offi
vial ready to start for Cannes upon
a minute's notice, as he is trying to
arrange a conference with Premle"
Briand of France, and a high French
naval expert prior to the supreme
British o icials do not believe
France's position on the submarine
question is permanent. They believe
her demand for 90,000 tons of cruiser
submarines against the wishes of
Britain and America was made as a
basis for bartering.
The British admiralty unanimously
hacks up the stand taken by A. J.
Balfour at Washington upon the sub
marine question, according to Admiral
Sir Reginald Hall, M. P., director of
naval intelligence during the war