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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, February 06, 1922, HOME FINAL EDITION, Image 2

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ENVOYS SIGN FIVE TREATIES, ENDING WORK OF ARMS CONFERENCE
COMPLETE
DETAILS IN
FAST TIME
(Continued From First Page.)
It la requested that each of the dele
gations sign all of the treaties at
the same time. The American dele
' gates will begin signing."
Amid tremendous applause, Sec
retary Hughes led the way around
th? big table to a small table in the
center of the "U," on which leposed
the copies of the treaties.
The other American delegates fol
| lowed in single file?Root, Lodge
and Underwood.
Hughes First to Sign
Secretary Hughes sat down at the
7 table, dipped his pen and paused
\ a moment to scan the first docu
' ment. Then he signed with a flour
I iah. The same procedure was fol
lowed on the other four treaties,
the momentary pause preceding
each signature. The whole opera
; tlon lasted less than three minutes.
J Senator Lodge followed Hughes;
? then came Underwood, and Root
was the last of the Americans to
jialgn.
. Applause burst forth as Elihu
Root finished and rose from the
chair, ^nd the other American dele
gates who stood grouped about the
table.
The work of signing, so far as
the Americans were concerned, was
,? finished at 10:18, and the whole
ceremony had lasted less than ten
t minutes.
"Belgium," called Secretary
Hughes when he had resumed his
Ohairman's seat. There was only
one delegate from Belgium, Baron
Chrtler de Marchienne, the am
bassador, and he quickly attached
his name.
Cheer* for Balfour.
"British empire," called Hughes,
and the tall form of A. J. Balfour
roee amid applause. He led the
trek around the horseshoe table, fol
lowed by his five colleagues.
The signers were assisted by Basil
Miles, secretary of the conference,
who stood by the table, handing out
the treaties one by one to the sign
on, and then blotting their signa
tures when finished.
Mr. Balfour, the tall, distinguished
Teteran of every big international
conference In the last half century,
was the first of the Britishers to
?lgn. He was followed by Lord Lee
of Fareham. who In turn gave way
to Sastri, the Indian, whose turtan
od head never fails to evoke a
whisper in the galleries.
Sir Auckland Geddes followed the
Indian, then came Borden, of Can
ada; Pearee, of Australia, and Sal
mond, of New Zealand.
Movies Record Event.
The movie men had been allowed
to set up their cameras Just outside
the railing which separated the del
egates from the aud.ence, and there
was a sputter of arc lights and a
Minding flash of light as an accom
panlment to each delegation's sign
lng, the movie men meanwhile crank
ing Industriously.
There was renewed applause when
China signed. Dr. Cze was first, and
then Dr. Wellington Koo, and then
Dr. Wang. Their oriental faces wert
wreathed in smiles at the obviouf
approval of the audience.
France followed, M. Sarrant sign
lng amid more applause. He bowed
his acknowledgement in the general
direction of the spectators as his col
league. Ambassador Jusserand, nf
fixed his signature. They were the
only two French delegates leJt
Briand and Vivianl having long sincc
gone home.
OUR ANTEDILUVIAN ANCESTORS
C'opyrlrht. 1KJ. Iijr Star Company
HARDING LAUDS
CONFERENCE AS
STEP TO PEACE
Any One of Its Achievements,
He Tells Delegates, Justifies
Their Commitments
By HARRY L. ROGKRS.
Internatioiml N>wn Sfrvlof.
CONTINENTAL MEMORIAL
HALL, Feb. 6.?The Washington
conference, in its "truly great
achievements," has taken the first
big step toward the permanent out
lawry of war and the establishment
j of universal peace and concord
among nations. President Harding
said today in his farewell address,
delivered to the thirty-odd world
statesmen who had Just concluded
their efforts by signing the con
ference treaties.
"The torches of understanding
| have been lighted," the President
j said, "and they ought to glow and
encircle the globe."
While most of the President's
| speech was devoted to extolling, the
j achievements of the conference, he.
nevertheless, included a significant
warning that the world expects to
see the pledges made here in
Washington strictly observed.
"No new standards of national
honor have been sought," the Presi
dent declared, "but the indictments
of national dishonor have been
drawn, and the world >8 ready to
proclaim the odiousness of perfidy or
Infamy."
It matters little, the President said,
what is appraised as the greatest
outstanding development of the con
ference. Any one dfv its achieve
ments, he said, would have justified
its being called.
The President indirectly took cog
nizance of some of the criticism that |
has been raised against the confer- j
ence on the ground that it .brought
America >nto "entangling foreign ul- l
Jiances." Hia reply to this was_: (
I "No Intrigue, no offensive of de
fensive alliances, no involvements,
have wrought your agreements, but
reasoning with each other to common I
understanding has made new rela
tionships among governments uni '
peoples, new securit.es for peace, anil
new opportunities for achievement
and attending happiness."
GUS BUCHHOLZ IS HOT
FOR CONVENTION HALLi
Proprietor Ous Buchholz. of the1
Occidental restaurant, is devoting I
wall space to a huge sign advertis-1
Ing that subscriptions for the |
Washington Auditorium stock can |
I be purchased from Gus himself,
| one of the chairmen co-operating
With Col. Robert N. Harper, head
of the Auditorium committee.
"If you are interested hi the Na
tional Capital and want to make a
good investment, subscribe right
here I for stock in the Washington
Auditorium," reads the sign.
A brief postscript on the sign re
ports that Gus Is personally buy
ing a $5,000 chunk of the new con
vention hall project.
Combining Old Time Dignity
and Modern Efficiency
None of the simplicity and dignity of the old-time funeral
service has been sacrificed by the Deal Organization. Deal
Service has merely merged these qualities with present-day
efficiency. This combination of all that was good in the old,
with the best methods of today has resulted in Deal leadership.
A COMPLETE DEAL FUNERAL
Black cloth, white or silver gray plush casket,
embalming, washing, dressing, shaving, if neces
sary; advertise the death, crepe for the door, re
moving from hospital, gloves, rugs chairs can de
labra. candles, a fine Cunningham hearse and two
Cunningham limousines.
W. W. DEAL
? Northeast
As Near You Ah Your Telephone?Lincoln 3464
?M UMIIII Wlllh. iw
DUD; THEATER
I
Niece of Georgia Congressman |
Too Weak to Stand Major
Operation.
Miss Carolyn T'pshaw. Central
High School student. and nelc? of
? Congressman William D. U pshaw,
of fleorgia, who was Injured In the
Knickerbocker Theater disaster
more than a week ago. died at 7:20
o'clock this morning at the Gar
field Hospital after physicians had
re>*orted to n blood transfusion op- j
j eration in an attempt to save her.
The death of Miss 1'pshaw brings
j the death toll of the Knickerbocker
catastrophe up to ninety-seven.
Until yesterday morning attend
ing physicians, J. T. Wolfe and L..
H. Reichelfelder, were hopeful of
saving Miss Upshaw's liTe. A minor
operation had been performed in
an effort to prevent blood poisoning
from crushed limbs, but the weak
ness of Miss VPshaw who hnd lost
much blood prevented as extensive
an operation as was felt needed.
Student Gave Blood.
Miss Upshaw lost her left foot
in the theater cave-in. and her
right foot was badly crushed.
Yesterday It was believed that a
transfusion operation might nave
Miss Upshaw's life. Hershey Ayers,
twenty-one years old, student of
the George Washington University
and member of the Alpha Epsilon
fraterntly, gave over a pint of
his blood for the transfusion op
eration.
Ayers Is a classmate of Wil
liam A. Calloway, of Gulfport,
Miss., the student who was with
Miss Upshaw In the theater when
the roof collapsed. Galloway |3
now recovering from his Injuries.
"My niece," said Congressman
Upshaw this morning, "died from
weakness and shock. She was
doing well until early Sunday
morning, but had never become
strong enough for the operations
that were deemed necessary to save
her life."
Body To Be Sent To Georgia.
Miss Upshaw Is from Atlanta and
Douglasvllle, Ga? the daughter of
Mrs. La. C. Upshaw who lost her
husband a few months ?go. She
was sixteen years old and the con
stant companion of Congressman
Upshaw during the past few years.
Funeral services for Miss Upshaw
will be held at 1:30 o'clock tomor
row afternoon at the Immanuel
Baptist Church, with the Rev. Gove
G. Johnson officiating. Members of
the Mizpah Sunday School classes
of the church, of which Miss Up
shaw was a member, also will at
tend the services. The pallbearers'
will be Mr. Ayers, who gave some
of his blood for the transfusion op
eration, and Krnest Stephens, Harry
Campaign, Guy Laongstreet, Cy
Lleven. and Robert Strickland, all
members of the Sigma Alpha Ep
silon fraternity. After the services
the body of Miss Upshaw will be
taken to Douglasvllle, Ga., for
burial.
Miss Upshaw, who was sixteen
years old, was the daughter of Mrs.
L?. C. Upshaw. Her father died sev
eral months ago. She also Is sur
vived by two sisters, Marlon and
Louise, the former secretary to Con
gressman Upshaw, and a brother,
L. C. Upshaw, Jr.
Price* refilled on Swift A jCo. aal??
of carina* beef in Washington, D. C.
lor week ending Saturday, February ?,
1922, on ahlpmanta sold out, ranged
from 10 c?nta to 11 renta par pound
and avtragad 12.ft centa par pound.?
Ad?.
I RING PULLS
WIRES TO BLOCK
INVESTIGATORS
Connally Has Mass of Evidence
on Mexican Intrigue Ready
for Congress.
e ""
Congress will be officially Inform
b<1 this week of the several methods
employed by American oil Interests
to overthrow the irovernment of
President Alvaro Obregon of Mexico.
This official information will be
based largely by revelations of Uni
versal Service. The four principal
lines followed by the Interests In
this procedure are revealed as:
1. Unauthorized use of names of
high officials of Washington by
representatives of the oil and bank
inn Interests in connection with
glowing promises of governmental
support and recognition for suc
cessful revolutionists.
Widespread pro|?aganda against
President Alvaro Obregon of Mexico
to prejudice the American public
mind.
8. Deliberate misinformation of
American officials to block recogni
tion of the Obregon government. Cul
tivation of friendships of prominent
men In Washington by representa
tives of the interests as a strategic
bnsis fpr disseminating misinforma
tion in official circles.
4. Stimulation pf specific revolu
tionary movements by representa
tives of American oil Interests.
Kvtdenee Documentary.
Universal Service has placed a
vast array of evidence In documen
tary form In support of the above
outlined system of Intrigue at the
disposal of Copgresslonal lnvestlga
tors It was an opinion expressed
today that this week will determine
the form In which such an Investiga
tion may be guided.
Congressman Tom Connally. who
introduced a resolution In the House
requesting a Congressional investi
gation of the scandal, is understood
to be ready to present the facts. The
resolution was referred to the State
Department by Chairman Campbell
of the House Kules Committee.
General reports from various
sources here seem to Indicate that
the oil Interests are determined that
no such Investigation shall be made
It is further reported that represen
tatives of oil are beginning to arrive
on the ground to' obstruct in any
way possible the furtherance of the
effect of the Connally resolution.
What attitude the State Depart
ment has assumed toward the use
by oil representatives of the names
of Administration officials In com
municating with revolutionary lesd
| ers last summer Is not defined offi
cially. It is accepted, however, as
a probable thing that the State De
partment does not dealre an investi
gation by Congress at this time.
| Oil Men Nervous.
| One representative of oil Interests
is said to have left Washington with
| the remark that an investigation i
| will not take place. Assurances to j
that effect are said to have been [
| passed down the oily line by that i
' man. Neverthless, the wavelets of |
oil are beginning to ripple plaintive
ly along the curbing of Pennsylvania ;
avenue ax the oll-annolnted emissar-1
ies forgeather.
Congressman Connally. It Is un
derstood. is not alone by any means
in his desire to know why the oil
interests were so smugly bold in
promising to Esteban Cantw and
Manuel Pelaer, among others, the
support of the American Govern
ment In revolutionary projects.
Aside from the mass of documents
and other evidence offered by In
vestigators for the Hearst news
papers to Congressional probers
Connally himself has received a vast
amount of Information In confection
with his personal investigation.
What Connally's elvdegce consists of
Is not known to Universal Service,
but It is understood that it involves
many of the factors exposed by the
Hearst newspapers in connection
with plots against Obregon.
That the oil propaganda has fail
ed, except to obstruct recognition
so far, is shown In the report of
one association which bewails the
fact that chambers of .'Otninerce
and disinterested investigators have
found the Obregon government is
making good.
Hence the scurrying about of the
interests to stir up active armed
movements agWtnst Obregon, all of
which failed, ' and now the same
type of scurrying to prevent a Con
gressional investigation which will
throw a true light on many false
moves.
JUSTICE FEELS
'RENO'DIKORCES
CAN BE QUASHED
(Continued From First Page.) J
fraudulent divorce, which Is set
aside, and status of children of such
second marriage and of property
rights Is a tangle decided differently
by courts In different States.
"In the case of Corbln vs. Com
monwealth. decided by the State
of Virginia Court of Appeals, Sep
tember 22. 1921, the conviction of
Corbln for bigamy was upheld,
where he had obtained a divorce
In West Virginia on *alse testi
mony." (Reported In Virginia ap
peals, October. 1921, page 7.1
D. C. IJkwyers In Danger.
In the prosecution of the ring,
which members of the committee
making the Investigation decline
to comment on specifically. It Is
expected that not only Alexandria
lawyers, but many Washington law
yers will be s subject to fines or
Imprisonment for their violation of
the law.
Many Washington lawyers have
license to prsct.ce In the V;rglnla
courts and the law would be ap
plicable to them as well as to lawver
resldents of that State.
Text of President's
Address to Envoys
(Continued From Flint Page.)
conflict, and hatred waa armed
where confidence waa atlfled.
It la fair to aay that human
progress, the grown Intimacy of
International relationship, devel
oped communication and trans
portation, attended by a dlrectlrig
world opinion, have set the stage
more favorably here. You have
met In that calm deliberation and
that determined resolution which
have made a Just peace, In right
eous relationship, Its own best
guaranty.
It has been the fortune of this
conference to sit In a day far
enough removed from war's bit
terness, yet near enough to war's
horrors, to gain the benefit of
both the hatred of war and the
yearning for peace. Too often,
heretofore, the decadea following
such gatherings have been marked
by the difficult undoing of their
decisions. But your achievement
is supreme because no seed of
conflict has been sown; no reac
tion In regret or resentment ever
can Justify resort to arms.
"It little matters what we ap
praise as the outstanding ac
complishment. Any one of them
alone would have Justified the
conference. But the whole achieve
ment has so cleared the atmos
phere that It will seem like
breathing the refreshing air of a
new morn of promise.
War's Futility Shown.
"You have written the first
deliberate and effective expression
of great powers, in the con
sciousness of peace, of war's utter
fatlllty, and challenged the sancty
of competitive preparation .for
each other's destruction. You
have halted folly and lifted
burdens, and revealed to the
world that the one sure way to
recover from the sorrow and ruin
and staggering obligations of a
world war is to end the strife in
preparation for more of It, and
turn human energies to the con
atructiveness of peace.
"Not all the world is yet
tranquilized. But here is the
example, to imbue .with new hope
all who dwell In apprehension.
At this table came understanding,
and understanding brands armed
conflict as abominable In the eyes
of enlightened civilisation.
I once believed In armed pre
paredness. I advocated It. But I
have come now to believe thnt
there is a better preparedness In a
public m.nd and a world opinion
made ready to grant Justice pre
cisely as It exacts It. And Justice
is better served in conferences of
peace than In conflicts of arms.
Call of Human gcrvice.
How simple It all has been!
When you met here twelve weeks
ago there was not a commitment,
not an obligation except that wh;ch
each delegation owes to the gov
ernment commissioning it. But hu
man service was calling, world con
science was Impelling, and, world
opinion directing.
No intrigue, no offensive or de
fensive alliances, no Involvements
have wrought your agreements,
but reasoning with each other ;o
common understanding has made
new relationships among govern
ments an#, peoples, new securities
for peace, and opportunities for
achievement and attending happi
ness.
Here have been established the
contacts of reason, here has come
the inevitable undertakings of
face-to-face exchanges when pas
sion does not inflame. The very
atmosphere shamed national self
ishness Into retreat. Viewpoints
were exchanged, differences com
posed, and you came to under
stand how common, after all, are
human aspirations; how alike, in
deed. and how easy reconcilable,
are orit' national aspirations; how
sane and simple and satisfying to
seek the relationships of p<-ace
and security.
When you first met. I told you
of our America's thought to seek
less of armament, and none of
war; that we sought nothing
which is another's, and we were
unafraid, but that we wished to
Join you in doing that finer and
nobler thing which no nation can
?o alone. We rejoice in the ac
complishment.
Predicts New Parleys.
It may be that the naval holi
day here' contracted will expire
with the treaties, but I do not
believe It. Those of us who live
anoftier decamp are more l.kety
to witness a growth of public
opinion, strengthened by the new
experelence, which will make na
tions more concerned W*th living
to the fulfillment of God's high
intent than with agencies of war
fare and destruction. 8ince this
conference of nations has pointed
with unanimity to the wpy of
peace today, like conferences In
the future, under appropriate con
ditions and with alms both well
conceived and definite. mav
illumine th?> highways and hv
ways of human activity. ? The
torches of understanding have
been lighted, and they ought to
glow and encircle the globe.
"Afraln, gentlemen of the con
ference. congratulations and the
gratitude of the United Stateii!
"To Belgium, to the British em
pire, to China, to France, to Italy,
to Japan, to the Netherlands and
to Portugal?1. can wish no more
than the same feeling, which we
experience, of honorable and hon
ored contribution to happy human
advancement, and a new sense of
security In the righteous pursult/i
of peace and all attending good
fortune.
"From our own delegates I have
known from time to time of your
activities. and of the spirit of con
ciliation and adjustment, and the
cheering readiness of all of you to
strive for that unanimity so essen
tial to accomplishment. Without
it there would have been failure;
with it, you have heartened the
world.
Thanks American Delegates.
"And I know our guests will
|>ardon me while I make grateful
acknowledgment to the American
delegation?to you, Mr. Secretary
Hughes, to you, Senator l.odge.
to you. Senator Underwood* to
you, Mr. Root; to ail of you for
your able and splendid and highly
purposed and untiring endeavor*
in behalf of our Oovornmcnt and
our people; and to our excellent ad
visory committee which gave to
you so dependable a reflex of that
American public opinion, which
charts the course of this republic.
"It is all so fine, so gratify
ing, so reassuring, so full of '
promise, that above the murmur- i
ings of a world sorrow not yet
silenced, above the groans which
come of excessive burdens not
yet lifted, but now to be light
ened, above the discouragements
of a world yet struggling to find
itself after surpassing upheaval,
there is the note of rejoicing
which Is not alon^ ours or yours,
or all of us, but comes from the
hearts of men of all the world."
D. of I. to Civ* Card Party.
Postponed because of the Knicker
bocker disaster, the card party to
have been given January 30 by the
Daughters of Isabella, will be given
at 8 o'clock tonight at the home of j
Mrs. John B. Colpoys, 1479 Harvard]
street northwest.
ULSTER TALKS
W IN LATEST
2raig Intimates His Followers
Will Take Defensive
Action.
HY DAVID M. CHIBC'H
II; International N?w? Bfrrlff.
LONDON, Feb. 6.?While the >
Irish domestic crisis broadened In
scope today, anxiety began to arise
In some quarters that measures
might become necessary to head off
warfare.
Sir James Craig, premier of the
Unionist government of Ulster, who
remained in L<ondon over the week
end to confer with members of the
government, is said to have inti
mated that the Ulsterites are ready
to take defensive action against the
Irish Free State.
It had been reported earlier from
Belfast that the Ulster government
already was sending detachments of
police to protect the Ulster
frontiers.
1
' ' ' \\\VX
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