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AOVIGE ANENT AUTO CRASHES Technical Director of Gotham Y. M. C. A. Cites Many Situations. It is a great help to the motorists who may be Involved In an accident to know what to do, says H. Clifford Brokaw. ..technical director, West Bide V. M..C. A. auto ?chool, New York city. Those who are most ex pert In handling an automobile and use the utmost care in driving may, at some time, have that misfortune. Even the most Efficient man at the wheel of a car may not be able to ?void a crash when other drivers on the same road are reckless. Certain knowledge of how to act in case of a wreck having been assimilated, may mean the saving of lives in a time of ?mergoncy. There are several good books on flrBt a,d; one of which should be read and understood by the owner of a car. In case of accident, the motorist should see that first aid to the in jured is administered to all who nwd it. Every driver should have some knowledge of first ald? methods, and carry as a part of his car's equip ment a small case of first aid mate rials. Those who seem to be injured most should, of course, receive first consideration. If there are serious Injuries, an ambulance should be called or another car secured to hurry the injured on to the nearest hosnital or physician's office. For Broken liones. If any bones are broken, relieve at once the tension any clothing may be causing and get the patient to lie down and remain as quiet as pos sible. See that some one watches ?uch a persosn closely, as ha or she is apt to faint. Should thera be any bad cuts, indicating that arteries or large veins have heen severed and that life blood is rapidly flowing away, It is important to tie some thing around the arm or body which will stop the flow at least to some extent. A handkerchief may an swer the purpose. It should be tied between the wound and the heart. Urtdertake to get the names and addresses of all who actually saw the accident. This may be difficult, as many persons are opposed to going .on the witness stand to testify regarding an accident and will leave a crowd as soon as any one starts to take names. If possible, call for a policeman. If the accident takes place In the city. It may attract the attention of a police officer. Request him to hold all witnesses until the names and addresses of the onlookers have been collected. Make a sketch of the exact posi tion oJ the cars with measurements from the cars to the curb or edge of the road and show the directions in which the cars were moving. If a camera can be secured, take pic tures of the wreckage from differ ent points of view. They will be good evidence. If the wheels of a car were locked by the brakes there will probacy be a mark on the roed or pavement. Tridlcafe this on the sketch. Clear the road so that traffic, If It ia restricted or blocked, can be re sumed. This may mean moving one or more cars and, therefore, the de stroying of evidence. If a garage can be got in touch with, a wrecking car may have to be secured to re store the traffic. Avoid letting members of the crowd that may have collected change the position of anything until all necessary data is secured. Be sure to include In the memoranda taken the names and numbers of all cars Involved, together with the license numbers New -Models in five unique body types are now on display. OPEN EVENINGS District Oakland Co. 1709 L St. N. W. Oakland 6*44 AUTOMOBILES and th? names and address of own era, drivers and all occupants and| any others Injured. Find Out Aboat Insurance. If a car that has become Involved In an accident Is oovered by ln?"r" ance, get In touch at once with the Insurance agent who has authority to settle a claim. The data tb*M have beon collected will be of value In helping him adjust the matter. Damage and collision insurance has perhaps helped some drivers to take chances, which would not have been taken If the driver thought the dam age cost had to come out of his own | pocketbook. A case recently came to my atten tion where a man was doing foolish stunts with his car on a wet street. He was driving bis car down this street at a high rate of speed and then attempting to skid It around the corner. He was able to accom plish the trick to his complete satis faction for a dozen times. He then became conceited about the expert ness of his handling a car and or fered to bet h? could do a double turn on the street. He not only suc ceeded In doing two turns but five. And he succeeded In landing In a ravine after a fall of twenty fe-t.1 Then In his assurance that the accl dent would cost him nothing, be cause of his damage Insurance, h** j proceeded to demand that the Insur ance company buy him a new car. It did not do so, and he found out that there is no Insurance written | to cover loss from such foolhardl ness. If It Is necessary to tow In a dam aged car, keep the car to be lowed as nearly as possible In line with the towing ear. The two cars should not be tied too close to each other, about ten feet being a good distance apart. The rope should be attached to the front of the frame or spring ot the i towed car and to the back of 'he frame of the towing car. If one end of the rope is tied to the left side of one car, tie the other end to the same side of the other car. See that th gears are not meshed and that the I brakes are released on the fear car. The man In the towed car must b? careful in rounding corners, passing [ cars and going down grades. Defi-1 nite signals should be arranged be tween the driver of the towed car | and the one doing the towing. Replacing a Rim. To replace a rim on the wheel tighten one lug a little, then the one opposite a little, and so on until all nre snugly in place. A Beauty Hint. A tire that "bellies out" Just above I the point where it touches th< ground should be Inflated lmmedl ately until It is well rounded. Beware of Poisonous Gas. Running the engine of a car to warm it up in a small closed garage Is almost as dangerous as blowing out the gas before going to bed. Vulcanized rubber c?nnot be | melted. Tire chains should always be dried off before they are returned to the| tool box after use. An overheated engine burns up I the oil. causing friction, loss of pow-| er and scored cylinders. Blue smoke coming from the ex haust pipe Is an Indication that the cylinders are over-lubrlcated. Compression, Ignition and mixture I are the three things esentlal to the proper running of an engine. The tire on the right rear wheel of an automobile Is the first to wear out. Four out of five "skidding" acci dents are due to faulty brake adjust ments. Because of tractive and brake strain, rear tires wear more rapidly than front ones. Humming noises In the transmis sion are often caused by an excess of heavy grease. Motorists should remember that a car rides on air as much as on the j rubber of the tires. The action of neatsfoot oil on the ' leather lining Of the clutch greatly strengthens its fibers. An operator of an automobile should know much more about the ?ar than how to start and stop It. 500 MONKEYS USED IN BATTLE AGAINST "FLU' NEW YORK, Feb. It.?Five hun dred monkeys, Imported as needed from South America and Africa, were used during the last three years in experiments In which this new vaccine against pneumonia was developed, according to Dr. William H. Park, of the health department. The monkeys were used as part of a nation-wide campaign of re search work on the subject of In fluenza and pneumonia. Among other things th? experi ments showed that the Invisible, unidentified organism which causes "flu" can pass through a stone wall. The experiments were conducted principally by the Public Health Service In Washington and by the local health department. ?fc You can pay more for a car, but you cannot get more car for what you pay than in an Oldsmobile. / OLDSMOBILE SALES CO. 1016-1018 Connecticut Avenue Open flnndajn and lOmiln** rtnrlnr th? Week. Telephone Main 1R37 QlclstnoWk Hand It To Henry By J. H. YEOMANS. . Henry has gone and done it again. Just when the big automobile industry was beginning to breathe normally, the father of the flivver stepped out and bought for himself a three-ring factory, bag and baggage, and the world sits tip and takes notice. Any time there is a lack of excitement in the motor world, up umps Henry?and there is something doing. As the ring master of the greatest show on earth, that boy cracks a loud whip that wakes 'em up in the farthest corners of the tent. You may bet your last coin that if they aren't gossiping about his latest move, in the jungle'around Ukonongo, it's because the folks are all way or the R. F. D. is out of commission. Never since buying and selling became customs has there been a man whose purchases made more noise than our Henry's. If there's anything that will warn you of its approach with more sound.than Henry's car it's a Henry deal?when that lad moves he stirs up some dust ithd the total population registers interest. Just what is to come of this latest transaction re mains to be seen?just what effect it will have on the automotive industry is only to be guessed at. It was rumored that excitement wonld follow, and that Henry would cause a stir in motordom when he put his foot in the field of high-priced cars. "He's, gone and done it," and the public wonders what his next step will be. You may assure yourself that he will put across whatever he plans to do in his new workshop. There will be no attempt to build his new vehicle by the flivver system. Henry will speed up his new mill, but the mill*8 grinding must be fine?the high-priced car must show a quality that cannot be shot into it overnight- You can't 6tamp 'em out, and Henry knows it. He has chopped a slice from the price of his pur chase, but he will'not attempt to flivverize it?you can stable a high stepper and a pony under the same family tree without making a pony of the high-priced steed." ? ? Henry lias it all figured out. < He knows what he is about. You Jiave to hand it to Henry. A. I. A. FIGHTS I TARIFF ON OIL AND GASOLINE 10,000,000 American Auto Owners Wopld Be Adversely Affected, Officials Say. Believing that the proposed tarlf of 35 cents a barrel on crude oil, 25 cents a barrel on fuel oil, and the proposed $1 to $3 tariff on asphalt if successful would materially and ad versely affect the individual auto mobile owners of the country and add to their already heavy upkeep, maintenance, and taxation burdens, the American Automobile Association has entered a vigorous protest against these proposals. Speaking In behalf of the owners of more than ten million motor vehicles, the A. A. A. representatives appeared before the United States Senate Committee on Finance and made it plain that the organization would fight to the last ditch any proposal designed to take any more revenue from the motor car.' '.-While the A. A. A. representatives wen\ before the committee prepared to combat only a 36 cents a barrel tax on crude oil, they learned that cer> tain Interests were even planning oil tariff to the extent of $1 a barrel. In presenting argument against a tariff on oil. It was pointed out by the A. A. A. men tnat more than 10,000,000 automobiles are owned in the JJnlted States, or more than 83 per cent of all the automobiles to the world. In contrast with which lews than 1? per cent of the world's oil supply Is located In the United States. Further facts presented by the A. A. A. show that while the United States holds this less than 16 ger cent of the world's oil sources, 1t is furnishing two-thirds of the world's annual requirements, and kt th$ same time consuming more than three-fourths of the world's total pro duction which. It was pointed out, makes it necessary for Uncl? Sam to import more than 20 per cent to meet his own needs. It was asserted that any tariff which would prohibit or restrict the flow of oil to this coufitry would affect adversely, In some form, nearly every citizen within Its bor ders. Some of the othpr points made by th? A. A. A. against a tariff are as follows: "Conservative .estimate of the In crease in the prlc# of gasoline de rived from Mexlcfcn oil, resulting from the proposed tariff, reaches from 8V4 cents to 7 cents per gal lon and therefore, the entire gaso line supply would bear an addition al burden cost of about $140,000,000. This burden would fall upon the consumers who are the American owners of automobiles, over 10, 000,000 In number; the American owner# of other gas engines, over 3,000,000 In number; American farm ers owning 400.000 farm tractors; and the American users of kero sene, which In one form or another finds its way Into almost every one of the 25,000,000 American homes. "If the production and sale of motor vehicles continues to in crease In the future as In the past ten years It Is not unlikely that we shall soon be compelled to pur chase Immense quantities of oil In foreign countries. "A tariff on oil would place a premium oft the rapid depletion of this one of our greatest natural resources; furthermore It would en able and encourage foreign coun tries to monopolize foreign supplies of petroleum. "The use of the automobile, the truck, the tractor and the gasoline stationary engine has become a vital and necessary factor In the Individual and Industrial life of the nation. To impose additional coat on the Individual, as well as In dustry generally, at a time of se vere industrial depression, would be to tax the nation for the benefit of a few who do not need help, and to commit an economic and, there fore. a political wrong. "Since this tariff on oil was pro posed by its ndvocates In the House of Representatives, the price of crude oil has Increased from 90 cents to $2.25 a barrel, or 150 per cent. Natural economic processes Tare brought a higher degree of protection than the proponents of a tariff asked. Romantic Styles of Jazzless Age 200 Years Ago Are Popular Now. If you are looking for a bit of romance In your motor car. you need go no deeper than the paint to find It. There, in the gloss of its body and the sheen of Its running gear and wheel*. If they have not loot their polish, la nrtrrowed a atory of no little charm that recalls the old -oachlng days along Fifth avenue vlth ttuj thud of thoroughbred hoofs tnd the sportive blasts of tally-ho turns. The color, or combination of ?olors. In which your car Is finished are anything but modern. They were not selected to suit the whims ?r the fancy of the automobile manu 'acturer or the foreman of his paint 'hop. They had their Inception a ?entury and more ago when the norse still ruled the boulevard and high road. Classics of Color. They are the classics of color com bination, mellowed by age. They ?arry the prestige of precedent. They have the Indorsement of an earlier generation that had for Its mode the billowy skirt of crinoline, the ruffled shirt, the plum-colored great coat and the high beaver hat. They were first spread by a mas ter's brush In some small carriage painting shop In Kngland, which en Joyed the patronage of the peerage ftnd painstaking artisans who knew color and how best to employ It. They were Inspired In their choice of pigments by the seasons, the fo liage, the native fauna and particu larly by the uses to which the ve hicles on which they worked were to be put. They finished the broughams, the barouches and the victorias, for ex ample, In black maroon, the deep greens and the darker blues to dig nify these stately vehicles and the occasions for which they were brought out from the rarriaKe houses. These same colors and their combinations prevail on the modern limousine, sedan and other type* of formal town cars that roll up nightly before the Metropolitan Opera House while the grand opera season is in progress. They are ever appropriate, whether the reigning diva be Jenny Llnd or Oeraldine Farrar. Primrose Hues Popular. The carriage painters of a century ago also established the color schemes for our touring models anl present-day sport cars. For the tal'y ho, many selected the hue of the Kngllsh primrose, finishing the panels and mouldings In black for sharp contrast. In fact, the shade of yellow that we now term straw color, is the English primrose of 1820 and before. Others favored th?* br ght reds and not Without good reason, for they are colors of warmth tint blend with the hospitality of tnc tallyho. The traps and station wagons were finished In the lighter shade* of green for contrast with the foliag* of spring and summer, or in vermilllon to match th? huntsman's coat or the satin Jacket of his Jockey at the race course. These hues have been re New Series Chalmers Six $1295 To the man who has driven other fine cars, the New Series Chalmers Six is a delightful revelation in six-cylinder possibilities. The new Chalmers organization has worked for a year to achieve the engineering advances which stand out so conspicuously in the per formance and the riding qualities of thishnecar. All Mtdelt Equipped IVith Due Steel Wheels and Ctrd Tirtt H. B. LEARY, Jr. 1321 Fourteenth St. N. W. Telephone Main 4105 Cj7,0 CHALMERS , SIX Automobile's Relation to.Other Business Rank among finished product*, measured by volume of business first Rank among all manufacturers (Bureau of Census).. third (Slaughtering and packing, first; steel, second). Special taxes paid 1921 $228,759,000 To Federal Government 115,546,000 To State. Governments in license fees...... 108,213,000 In miscellaneous taxes 5,000,000 Per cent of total oil output used for Motor vehicles ..' .......to............. 27.0 Per cent refined to gasoline............... 24.6 Per cent motor Lubricating oils 2.4 Number head of live stock transported by truck in 1921 6,000,000 Number of street railway lines using motor busses.... 35 Number of steam railroads using motor trucks with flanged wheels 12 Gasoline production (U. S.) 1921 (gala.) 5,360,014,000 Gasoline consumption (U. S.) 1921 (gals.) 4,506,706,900 Increase in production over 1920 (per cent) 9.8 Increase in consumption over 1920 (per cent) 5.9 Tire casings produced 19,379,000 Tire inner tubes produced 24,157,000 Snlid tires nrodured 377,000 vived In our roadsters, phaetons and sport cars, survivals of a color cult ure that had Its beginning In the days when gentlemen rode to tbe hounds and financed racing stables. Possibly you have sometimes won dered why you seldom see cars fin ished In white, pink, lavender, burnt orange or startl.ng yellows, and rightly assume that such colors are short-lived and Impractical. There is an even better reason than thia. They were not accepted , by the gentry of yesterday. They were con sidered bad form In the old coaching days. That's why they are not more in evidence now. Lncontamlnated by Jan. There Is no better or safer guide for correct motor car painting than the old English prints, showing the victorias, barouches, broughams, tal lyhos and traps In colors. You can't go wrong to follow them, for you will find schemes that have the ap proval of a discriminating and dis tinguished company of gentlemen sportsmen, who lived /In an age of good form tincontaminated by Jazr., bedroom farces and other baneful modern influences. You will have, as well, a color combination of which you will never tire, a color combination that has survived the test of time and the changing fashions that come wi'.h | the years, a color combination that has been handed down from genera tion to generat.on in prominent fam ilies both here and abroad. Right and Wrong. The spotlight, an accessory consld '?#'<1 Indispensable by thousands of motorists, is not a light that should j be thrown on the center of the road | to blind all drivers coming In the op position direction, but should be ad Justed so that the rays may strike the right-hand edge of the road not more than seventy-five feet ahead of the car. The average spotlight is easily and quickly adjusted and an operator has not the slightest ex cuse for not using it properly. Insure* Perfect Circulation. The cooling a^vstem of a car is sometimes cleaned by dissolving one pound of washing soda In hot water, and pouring the contents Into the radiator. The car is run, as usual, all day. and then the washing solu tion drained. The radiator is then again filled with clean water. Mistakes Will Happen. Never misjudge the gear shift of the car for the emergenoy brake, nor the foot accelerator for tho clutch pedal. PASTOR GATHERS PUPILS IN HUGE AUTO TRUCK Seated at the wheel of a biff motor truck, and followed by a fleet of automobiles, the Rev. E. J. Preacott, a Unitarian pastor, of North Andover, Mass., goes out every Sun day morning and gathers hi* Sun day school pupils within a radius of seven miles. WISCONSIN POINTS OUT BAD ROADS FOR AUTOISTS The Wisconsin highway depart ment publishes every week a blue print map showing routes and road conditions throughout the State. The subscribers are chambers of commerce, hotels ana garages. New construction, detours, etc., are plain ly Indicated. A 60-ampere-hour battery, when fully charged will be completely dis charged In twenty minutes. If the starter be used continually for this time. i AUTO OWNERS STUDY MOTORS Average Motorist Has Acquir ed Knowledge of Engine Parts. Hlnpe pre-war days the average au tomobile owner ha* developed Into a motor mechanic of no mean ability. Formerly at the first sign of trouble, he drove hl? car Into a garage, say ing: "There's something wrong with this boat. See If you can flx It," and go on his way. It la not altogether the question of thrift that has brought about this change. Famili arity with various makes and models and necessary emergency repairs out on the road have brought to each owner a knowledge of mechanics and a desire to know that everything Is operating correctly. He has found out, too, that some times the most expert mechanics make a slip and forget to tighten a bolt, or to place a lock washer where vibration 1s apt to loosen a nut. Per sonal knowledge of the condition of his car the owner feels, Is worth the trouble of attending to it himself. While every owner does not feel capable of doing much mechanical overhauling on his car, the majority do care for the lubrication of It from day to day and week to week. Usu ally they have a half dozen differ ent gallon cans lying around the garage, partlaly filled with different grades and brands of oil and grease, collecting dirt, littering up the place, and providing first class material for a healthy fire. When making repairs or chang ing a tire on the highway, select a place along the edge of the road, so that it Is possible for two cars to pass at your stopping place. cMoreM/'/e-s of Power/ What do y_ou get When vou buy Motor Fuel? J Absence of carbon, freedom from spark plug fouling, real power that drives the motor smoothly. Greater mileage, less fuel consumed, economy. Quick power that starts the motor promptly in coldest weather. You get ALL THIS in LIGHTNING MO TOR FUEL! Give real thought to the purchase of your fuel. Don't be satisfied with ordinary results from ordinary gas. BURN LIGHTNING MOTOR FUEL and get full value from every stroke. Its cost is lowest?because it yields great est returns in power and mileage, with slight est wear on battery and motor. Prove this?for your own sure profit. USE LIGHTNING! PENN OIL COMPANY ROSSLYN, VA. Distributors and Filling Stations for LIGHTNING, Penn Gas and Lubricatin* Oils EVERYWHERE. "One Near You."