Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1777-1963 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the
National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress. external link Learn more
Image provided by: Library of Congress, Washington, DC
Newspaper Page Text
the Historic Necklace
_ May Yohe Who Once Unlucky Hope Diamond > ? ? ? 1 . ? . < <W?, "W\ ? * i Rodaced Photograph of the Necklace of Matched ' Catherine ef Rimia in Number. (Continued froqi Preceding Page.) running noose. Peter In hit struggles 6K Orloff's hand and scarred Bariatensky* face, leaving a mark that waa retained for some time by that villain; but the un fortunate Czar noon lost his atrength and Ms murderers accomplished their diaboli cal purpose." Whon the Empress Catherine had re ceived the news from Orloff she donned the famous necklace and dined with more than her usual cheerfulness, pretending ignorance of the tragedy. One of the many crimes Catherine com mitted in order to consolidate her power was the removal of the unhappy Prince Ivan, son^etimes called "Ciar Ivan III." This Prince was a great grandson of Peter the Great's older brother, Ivan, and waa the rightful C?ar. He had been kept in pr son by successive rulers until he was a wreck of humanity. In Catherine's time he was immersed in the gloomy castle of1 Schluesselherg. A Russian Cossack named Mirovltch ?as planning an attempt to rescue the un happy prince. Unknown to Mirovltch Catherine supplied him with funds tx> help his plot. At the same time she ft** orders to the governor of the dungeon where the Prince was confined, to kill him as soon as an attack was made on the castle. When Mirovltch and his men were heard thundering at the doors the jai'ers choked the Prince to death. The pearl necklace is directly connect ed with the fate of the unhappy Princess TarakhanofT, perhaps the most pitjful and famous tragedy connected wiih the reign of the Emrress Catherine. The Princess was a daughter of the former Empress "'Elisabeth and a direct descendant of Peter the Great. She had therefore ? much bet ter claim to the throne than the terrible Catherine. Knowing that her life was in danger for this reason she had fled from Russia. Count Alexis Orloff, Catherine's favorite, who had been loaded with wealth and honors for his service to her, procepdul on a triumphal tnnr of Europe. The Prln crss TarakhanofT had taken refuge st Flor ence. in Ifalv. Orloff followed her there, made love to her in his impetuous man ner, told her that he was authorized by the Empress to inform her that she would ? he received with great honor In Russia, and finally persuader! her to marry him. As a concluding argument he fold her that the Empress wished her to wear the fa mous five-row pearl necklace. Cruel Tragedy of the Drowned Princes*. % When the villain had made the Princess his bride and had her completely In his power he embarked with her on a Russian warship. She was taken to Petrograd and there promptly arreated by order of the Empress and confined in one of the un derground dungeons of the terrible fort ress of St. Peter and St. Paul. These dun ceons lie beneath the high water level of the Neva. One day during a high tide the water entered the cell of tjie unhappv descendant of Peter the Great and she was drowned like a rat in a trap. Her Jailers had had orders to keep her locked in and disregard her cries for help. Tragic misfortunes began to fall thick on those who wore the necklace after Cath erine. This was exemplified In the reign of the Czar Paul, who succeeded Catherine. He was doubtless her son, but "in view of her habits it is utterly impossible to decide who was his father. He was brought up with the grossest neglect by his mother so that he became an ignorant and self indulgent brute, whose natural disposition to insanity was hastened. He married twice. His first wife was the Princess Nathalie of Hesse, who died im mediately after marriage, and the second I'l'iincess Marie of Wurtemberg, whom he married in the year of his first wife's death. Hoth these unhappy women wore the gnftat pearl necklace, and words are scarcely adequate to describe The tortures and mis eries they suffered. During the greater part of his life the Czar Paul revelled with women of low character under the eyes of his wife. In middle age his violence and insanity became so marked as to endanger the lives of his son and of his family and the whole empire. Some of the leading courtiers, therefore, resolved to remove him, and in thia there is little doubt that tltey had the consent of his son, the Grand Duke Alexander. "Owe the night of March \ 1801," says the historian, "Paul went early to bed; sv>on afterward the conspirators repaired to his apartment, the outer door of which * waa open to thetn|in compliance with the demand of Argamokoff, who pretended that he had come to make his report to the Emperor. A Cossack who guarded the door of th? bedroom offered resistance and was cut down. The Cossacks rushed in and found the bed empty. 'He has escaped ua!' cried some of them. 'He has not,' said General Bennigsen. 'No weakness or I'll put you all to death.' Putting hit hand on the bef clothes* and feeling them warm, he ob served that the Kmparor could not be far off, and presently he discovered him crouch ing behind a screen. The conspirators demsnded he sign his abdication. He refused; a conflict ensued; a sash was passed round his neck and he waa stran gled sfter a desperate resistance." Czar Alexander I. succeeded to the thone made vacant by the murder of his father. He was already married to the beautiful Princess Marie of Rad?n. known In Russia as the Empress Elizabeth. She was aooil to know the unhapplness that usually ac companied the wearing of Catherine the Great's necklace. She failed to produ ? any sons to inherit thi throne, and for thU reason tell into great disfavor. The Caar experienced a passionate attachment fo; the beautiful Princess Nariackln. .with whom he lived <ft>?nly for eleven yeara. His reign was filled with the most dread ful massacres, disasters and misfortunes that have happened even In the gloomy history of Russia. The Csnr Alexander I. was followed by his "brother, who ascended the throne wi'li the title Nicholas 1. He married the Prin cess Charlotte of Prussia, daughter of Fr2d ericfi' William 111. She took the title of Empress Alexandra, In accordance with Russian custom, which required her to change her name on entering the Russian church. Very soon after his marriage the Caar formed an attachment for Mils. Nelldoff, a fascinating maid of honor of the Empress. Throughout his life he showed that all his affection went to this woman, although the Empress received all the honors due to her rank. No situation could have been more unhappy for a woman. There are probably fpw women In ordinary life who have to endure such humiliation.. The Csarlna, with all her crowns and wonderful jewels, including the famous necklace, would not have dared to resent this treatment by the Emperor, as an ordinary woman wouM have'done with her husband, for ha couM have put her to death or immured her for life in a dungeon, as had happened to ,?o many oth*r unhappy members of the R> manoff family. This Czar's reign was made remarkable by the desperate attemjAs that were made to assassinate him. Many young men of the best families in Russia took part In these coifSnlrarles on account of the Em peror's tyranny in his refusal of all con stitutlonal rights. After the celebrated up rising of December, 1825, the prisoners were condemned to death in a manner typical of Russian barbarism. Five prisoners were executed at a time on gibbets raised In front of the citadel at Moscow. The condemned were com pelled tq look on for an hour while the preparations were going on for their exe cution. and those whose turn had not com^ were forced to march around the gibbets while the first victims were being exe cuted. The ropes by which three leading conspirators had been hung happened t:> break, and these men were led to deato the second time. Afterward gibbets were erected instead of crosses upon their graves. All these dreadful events had a direct effect upon the unhappy Czarina Alex andra, a captive in the midst of her splendor and Jewels. The histories state the ne suffered from a constant nervous discrJer which caused a perpetual trem bling ol her head. This Is said to have dated from the notorious attempt on tha Czar's life of December 14, 1825, but it may well have been aggravated by the moral torture which she suffered. A Modern Drama of Tangled Live*. The cruel and gloomy Nicholas I. was succeeded by his son, who became Czar Alexander II. He married the Princess Marie of Hesse. When the daughter of this minor 'o#rman prince married the heir to the mighty Empire of the Czars It was considered a splendid triumph for her, but. in fact, fter life became more tragic and unhappy If possible than that of any other czarina. From the time she first put on the splendid and terrible neck lace of Catherine, tragedies fell thick said heavy upon her. A great Russian nobleman, Prince Mich ael Dolgorouky, upon his death entrusted his two daughters, the Princess Marie and Princess Catherine Doleoroukv, as wards to the Czar, who had professed great es teem for the father. When the older of the two girls had barely reached woman hood, the Cxar, with that amazing con tempt for morality and decency which could only be displayed by a Russian au 'tccrat, fell passionately In love with her. Not only that, but when she was eighteen he had her appointed a maid of honor to the Empress and took her to live at th? Winter Palace so that he could always have her pear him. But this was not the worst. About two years later the second Dolgorouky fill, the Princess Catherine, grew up. and the C?ar found that she was more adorable than her sister. He then had Marie marry Prince Meatcheraky, gave her a Kange i The Late X j Czarina of, \ ... ? -m Ruuia and the jL Little Czarevitch, '*^1 the Heir to the Russian Throne, Is Here Shown Playing With the Ill-Fated Neck lace. The Mother and Child Were Both Murdered by the Bolsheviks Together With the Czar and the Rest of the Children. v dowry and Installed the Prlnceee Cath erine a* hla permanent favorite. She held that position throughout hla life. It woald he difficult to depict the mis- ^ erlea of thla Emprwis, condemned to wear the crown and the Imperial Jewels while all the rights of a wife were given to an other woman. One misfortune after an other fell upon her. Her oldest snd fav rrlte son. Nicholas. died at the are of twenty-one from the results of a fall from hla horae Just before he waa to be mar ried. The accumulation of sorrows and humiliations broke down her heaHh. but It Is. said that she died more from a broken besrt than from Illness. When at length 'he Cxartna died the C*ar was not present. The rooms which he occupied with the Princess PoJ*oro<ikv In the Winter Palsce were situated exact ly above those of the dylne Fmpress. who rould hear the patter of little chlldren'a feet above her head. The Princess Pol romnkv h*d three children. Owing to the protests of the Cxarlna's daughter against the presence of the Princess Dolgoronky In the palace, the latter was persuaded to remove to Tsarskoe Selo. where the Csar followpd her and where he still was at the time the liJmpreas died s few days lster. Forty days after her death the Cxar mar ried the Prlncesa TV>?roro?ky morgan atlcally. After the Cxarlna waa dead snd 'Alexan der had married the Princess Doleorouky. one of the Innumerable favors he showered upon her was to permit her to wear the necklace of Catherine the Great. Within ? few mora weeks the Emperor Informed his advlsera that he contemplated making his morganatic wife Cxarlna. The Cxar had promised to grant a constitution In conformity with the wishes of the moderate Russian liberals. At the very moment when the constitution * as lying on his desk ready to he started the Cxar Alexander was aasasslnated by Nihilists as ho drove through the streets of Petrograd. His mangled body was carried home to the palace, where the Princess Dolgoroukv waa waiting for him. Grand Duk? Vladi mir, the next brother of the dead Ctar. entered the room and commanded her to leave the palace. From that time forward the Princess Holjroronkv lived In obscurity snd had no place In the Imperial family. Thus the wearing of the necklace of Cath erine had ended once mora in a sanguin ary tragedy. Alexander II. was followed by his son. Alexander III., father of the late Ctar. 1 have already apoken of the misfortunes that have befallen that monarch, hla mother and his wife, the two last of whom wsre In turn entitled to wear the rrest necklace. IC? !>??. by Amfrvnn Weakly. lot The Terrible Death of Poor Prince** Tarakhanoff, Lured to Petrograd by the Promue of Alexis Orloff. Catherine'* Favorite, That She Should Wear the Great Necklace. Wr*?l VriOiti Kr?rr?e?l.