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Soldier Bonus Must Be Paid; Sales Tax the Logical Way
fee repaid in money. eventually will get back Government, end interest in the mean with the utmost exactness those who to their country at war. to no such thing as repaying those who offered and their lives. to not enough money in the world to do it. The ^morjooii people cannot repay the debt, but ttf don't deny it exists. A few months ago six million of them signed the pe the Hearst newspapers circulated, de that Congress pass a Soldiers' Bonus bill, to abont to pass it. Treasury has paid bonuses to French soldiers. paid each of her discharged soldiers $233.58. I's discharge payments per man ranged from S141 for privates to $7,290 for officers. us over $4,000,000,000. She pays no on her loan; interest at 5 per cent would be .000 annually. ee not paid; she has had our money to give her So with Trance. cared for the soldiers of France and England, m? abont to care for our own. It is time. The only question is: How are we to raise the money needed? Republican members of the House Ways and Means Committee Vave just shown us how NOT to raise it. They propose additions to the present hodge-podge of taxes on special forms of business, singled out for persecution. Gasoline is to be taxed 1 cent per gallon and auto mobiles 25 cents per horse-power. These are specialised transportation taxes levied against motor cars and trucks. The rail transportation taxes were so unpopular Congress had to repeal them. What will be the feeling against a tax that singles out everyone who has a car for business or pleasure? The present theater tax is to be doubled to yield $75,000,000. A specialised tax on recreation. Today the Government adds 5 cents to the cost of every 50-cent ticket at the theater or movie. These Republican Congressmen propose to add a 10-cent tax to the 50-cent ticket. A tax on stock and bond transfers is to raise $60, 000,000. For example, the Federal tax on the sale of 100 shares of stock will be $10. This will discourage the purchase of stock and im pair that "liquidity" which vitally afreets stock values. The possibility of harm is out of all proportion to the expected revenue. Real estate is now staggering under as heavy a load as it can carry. These Congressmen want a tax of $2 per $1,000 on all real estate transfers. A new obstacle added to the present difficulty in get ting investors to provide housing for our homeless pop ulation. New cigarette and tobacco taxes are to raise $25,000, 000. Their effect will be to stop the present and pros pective reduction of tobacco prices. Parcel post rates are to be increased to bring in an additional revenue of $25,000,000. Another transportation tax in its most obnoxious form. / v Make no mistake. These taxes were chosen because they will be unpopular. The same influence at Washington that has fought the bonus legislation now proposes taxes which it hopes will be so unpopular that the bonus will be defeated or postponed. Not by accident, but by design, these proposals show HOW NOT to raise the money. The country is tired of this hit-and-miss levying of heavy taxation against a few selected forms of busi ness. It wants a broad, just taxation. That is, it wants a general sales tax. A tax of 3 per cent on one turnover of all goods pro duced or imported in the United States would yield, the Treasury experts say, between $750,000,000 and $1,000,000,000. The sales tax has all the advantages of good taxation. , It is simple. Iterate is low. It is productive. It is certain. It will cost little to collect. It falls heaviest on those who spend, lightest on those who save. It is painless. Canada, with 8,500,000 people, last year raised $72,000,000 by this tax; this year $100,000,000 is expected. The sales tax has no enemies in Canada. In the United States it will do more than meet the needs of the Soldiers' Bonus demands. It will yield a surplus to take the place of some of the harassing taxes which now beset us. Then repeal those taxes. Stop taxing THE PRO CESSES of business. The sales tax is a necessary part of our national tax I system, at least for the next ten years. Thl Bonus is here. Nothing can stop it. The people and their representatives are going to see through the ^rick in the insincere tax proposals of the Republican members of the House Ways and Means Committee. Then these tax measures, like other forms of opposi tion to the bonus, will disappear. They will be replaced by a general sales tax. It will meet the emergency created by the bonu# leg islation. And it will be at the same time a great fisoal reform. SALES TAX URGEDTO tv ?> from First Face.) sitk th*m attached to it. I t that the plan will be revised." ?f the most important de today was the plan of ~acriru)tnral bloc" to propose t of the excess tax to help straighten out tax muddle which is holding bill. Tai Profits. tified with the "bloc" thai tt waa Mtlnwted t ha# M*. or much mdte I hah to ta*e rare of the initial M of the soldiers' bonus, available If the ex tax. repealed by the ?w wer?* re-established, of the "bloc" is cer ts h? l4tt?rl) opposed by 8en tok> (imoot of t'tah, who be i tha' a aaln tax is the prac wii t? provide the enormous le* nMvmry to finance the ? On the other hand, the to ?h ajcainst a sales tax, ainst what Its mem as the "poor man's in the bonus ?f Kepubl.can members of Wavs and Mean* Com *?. to which l>pubUcans of the ile Finance Committee have re te a?r?? mmmt Fight* New Taxes. Smool is prepared to wage i|ri?rmin?l fixht against farther tax burdens being Im I uiw business He would op President's Program 9:45?Congressman Mondell. 10:00?Col. Wilbur C. Brown. 10:15?Mrs. Thomas G. Win ter and Mrs. Ellis Yost. 10:30?Alonzo M. Snyder. 10:50?Director General Davis. 11:00?Senator Poindexter. 11:10?Congressman Stephens, Ohio. 11:20?Congressman Morgan, Ohio. 11:40?Congressman Chalmers, Ohio. ? 11:50 ? Congressman Steven son, North Carolina. 12:00?Henry W. Anderson, V.rgrtnia. 12:16?Mrs. George M. Minor, president of the D. A. R. 12:30'?Mrs. Richard Edwards. 1.-00?William J. Hutchlna, president of Berea College, to present blanket made by stu dents. pose the re-enactment of the excess profits tax just as he i8 opposing the proposal of the Republican ma jority of the Ways and Means Com mittee for an increased tax on cap ital stock and the undistributed profits of corporations. The special Joint committee of the Senate Finance and the House Ways and Means committees?Senators McCumber and Sm?ot and Congress ment Long-worth and Copley?was In an apparent deadlock when it went into session today. If this committee finds that it is uqable to agree upon the eight-point bonus tax schedule adopted by the Ways and Means Committee, its members may augrgest the abandon ment of the House tax plan and the substitution of a bond Issue or some other method of raising the neces sary revenue. Favors Sales Tax. "The country, already overbur dened by taxation, is certainly In no position to bear such additional heavy burdens aft have been proposed," Sen i ator Smoot said today. "I will never | consent to their adoption. We should I face the situation courageously and frankly, and, if Congress refuses to accept a sales tax as a practical means of financing the bonus, then let us meet the bonus, as we would any ftther Government obligation, by the issuance of short-term Govern ment securities." Stage Circles Rallying to Sup port Hearst Papers for Sales Levy Instead. NEW YORK. Feb. U.-Amuw ment circles, which have been deeply stirred by proposals to Impose a 20 per cent tax on admissions, rallied today to the support of the Hearst | papers' petition to pay the soldiers' bonus by a sales tax. II was pointed ojit that the pro posal to double the tax on admis sions would greatly Increase the dif ficulties in which amusement enter prises now find therrjsel ves. Alfred W. Miesto, concert im presario. proprietor of the Standard : Booking Office, 17 East Forty-second j street, said: "Our soldiers and saildrs deserve j a bonus. At a critical moment In I their lives, our country called them to make sacrifices. Those who re mained at home forged ahead in business, grabbed opportunities to make their careers secure and en Joyed high wages. Many of those who served In uniform can never regain the chances they lost. "HyDOcrisy cannot dlsKUlse the attempts to defeat this deserved bonus by coupling It with oppres sive and destructive taxes. To double the tax on admission, as now proposed, is a blow at the musical culture of the country. "I favor the sales tax instead. | It Is aimed at no special class. It' Is fair. It would ruin no great busi- j ness. It would be painless In its operation. It would be easily col- j lected without hardship. It would j not encourage graft, corruption and 1 deceit. It has worked successfully wherever tried. "The Hearst newspapers deserve great credit for advocating the sales tax." Washington Boasts of No Better Funeral Director Keeping Price Within the Limits of Everyone Blazm New Trails in Funeral Directing Without Placing Severe Financial Strain on Those "Left Behind" THE ancient idea of showing last honors to the dead was expressed by a lavish expenditure for the funeral. Sorrowing families could do no more than convey a wish that everything be af the bent. Buried under a cloud of grief, it was impossible for them to exer that good judgment which would have prevented the contracting of a huge ?a financial load that came ofttimes upon an already overtaxed family ;etboofc. Deal Organization has evolved and perfected a plan that sacrifices noth for proper honor to the dead?yet the cost is within the reach DEAL'S COMPLETE FUNERAL at *n wfcil* *r iIItw fray plu?K caiket, embalming, wtikinf, dressing, it awMMryi ?JrtrtiH III* death, crap* for the door, removing from Ko? tira, caadalabra, candle*, a fin* Cunningham Hearte and two $125 WW Tl F A T 816 >1street ? VI. 1/CiAL Northeast Am Semr You Am Your Telephone?Lincoln 3464 PETITION TO CONGRESS FOR ACTION ON SOLDIERS' BONUS WITH SALES TAX TO PAY IT We respectfully petition Congress to pass the sol diers' bonus act without further delay and also to levy a sales tax to obtain the money to pay the bonus, for the following reasons: FIRST?Public opinion throughout the United States is undeniably in favor of the soldiers' bonus, as shown by the decisive majority in every State in which a popular referendum has been taken?in Maine by 3 to 1; New Jersey, 3*/2 to 1; New York, nearly 2 to 1; Rhode Island, 8 to 1; Wisconsin, 3 to 1; Oregon, 2 to 1; Washington, 2l/2 to 1; and so on. SECOND?We believe that Congress, if permitted to vote on the soldiers' bonus, will favor it with even greater unanimity, regardless of party, than the popu lar majority by which the people in twenty-two states have already approved it; we believe that the soldiers' bonus cannot and ought not to be defeated andjiiat the longer it is postponed the greater the injustice. THIRD?We believe the new tax scheme proposed by the Ways and Means Committee is only a little less objectionable than Secretary MellonY proposal for three-cent postage and for a new three-cents-a-gallon tax on gasoline. Proponents of such taxes oppose any soldiers' bonus whatever, and hope by linking it ytrith such new, destructive, and unpopular taxes to kill the proposition altogether. FOURTH?If the soldiers' bonus is not only right but inevitable, and if the United States is not to lag behind England, France, Italy, Canada and Australia, which have already paid liberal soldiers' bonuses, then our payment is already long overdue, not as a debt [for our debt to the soldiers can never be paid] but as a just tribute to the valor and the sacrifice of the men who won the war. t _____ FIFTH?The only question that remains is: By what system of taxations shall the money be raised? Not by bond issues, because it is against the tradi tional policy, of the United States to increase debt in time of peace. Not by any irritating, unreasonable, or destructive tax on individuals, business, or industry, because we already have too many such taxes. A small general sales tax will raise more than enough to pay the soldiers' bonus; it will bear heavily upon no one. If the experience of Canada and our own Philip pine Islands, where the sales tax is in operation, is re peated, the system will meet with such favor that it will become one of the approved methods of raising necessary revenue after the soldiers' bonus has been paid. Sign Here: (Name) (Address) ?jPaste additional paper here for more signatures and ad dresses. Forward petititions when complete to PKTl i TION EDITOR, The WashingtonrTimes. PASTOR SUCCUMBS WHILE AT WORK ON SERMON; DOVER, Ohio, Feb. 13.?Instead of hearing the Rev. F. 8. 8. Reln klng, pastor of St. Paul's Lutheran Church here, preach his first Eng lish sermon Sunday, his congrega tion is mourning his death. Heln klng died in his study while working on his sermon. He was born In De catur, Ind., fifty-five years ago. For eleven years he had preached to his congregation In German, but It recently was decided to have the evening services in English. The first was to hava btw delivered Sunday night. STOLEN AUTO RECOVERED WEEK AFTER THEFT ANNAPOLIS, Md? Feb. 13? Stolen a week ago today while the owner was in the Annapolis Emer gency Hospital, the automobile of Dr. Walton H. Hopkins, of this city, was recovered last night. It had been driven about 200 miles and was little damaged. It Is believed the thief will be ar rested promptly. To Cure ? Cold in On* Day Tilt* LanUro RROMO QVININB Uhtata. Tn. r'miln* hear* th? signature of B. W. Qr?> (Be surs fou g?t BKOftfO.) Iftc -Ad?. Its TAX BEST Declares Proposed Levy It Odious and Intended to Arouse Opposition By I.KSTKK D. VOIJi, Member House of Rrprpwnlilivri, Chairman Bonus Drive Committee. The soldiers' bonus is an assured act. It will shortly pass both houses of Confess. The most dangerous opponents of the bill are those who, though openly outspoken against the bonus, advocate certain methods of rals ng the money to pay It which they believd will prove so unpopular as to ra;se a storm of protest against it. The present plan of raising reve nue shocked the people everywhere. The reaction over, they are now dis approving, in no uncertain terms, and are speak ng their minds openly and clearly. It is difficult to accept seriously the plan of special taxes as proposed by the subcommittees of the Finance Committee of the Senate and the Ways and Means Committee of the House. The simplicity and acceptability of the Hales tax must commend it to all. It is easy to operate, sure in results, and, once understood, would meet with approval every where. Of the forty-seven members of Congress, representing twenty eight States, who went to Canada and studied the workings of the sales tax at first hand, over" three quarters came hack converted of its adaptability and were converted to it. A sales tax of one-half of one per cent will raise more money than all the other proposed special taxes put together. In Canada they call It painless taxation. The ease with which it is collected and the absence of objec tion on the part of the consumer are the two features which stand out prominently. I do not believe that so imporant a question should be left to a sub committee of a few men in Con gress. some of whom are against the granting of a bonus to the ex soldier and others opposed to a sales tax. This question of the 'SPECIAL Dinner Dance 6:30 to 9:30 P. M. tyotrl Xafayrttt TOMORROW Valentine Day and Geo. Washington's Birthday Our regular Table d'Hote $1.50 Dinner No Cover Charge Table d'Hote Luncheon $1.00 BAUME bengu^ 4 fitSore Muscles All DruMkU - Kmf ? tub* THOI. LUMINO * ca KIW Blondes With Naked Ears Coming Into Vogue PARIS, Feb. 13.?For the first time in ten years three beautiful blondes have been elected queens of the carnival to be held in mid-Lent. The announcement was hailed with great joy by prominent dress makers, who declare the elec tion foretells a new wave of peroxide popularity and def initely dooms the somber colors which have been the rule dur ing the long reign of the bru nettes. Women who have proudly flaunted expensive permanent ?waves in the face of society have been thrown into the depths of despair by the dic tate of fashion which decrees only two types of coiffure?"a la Belle Ferroniere," with hair parted in the center and pulled tightly tack just bordering the eyebrows and sweeping in a final grand curve to the base of the neck. There it is fixed in a tight nob surmounted by a tortoise shell comb. The hair is also drawn back so as to expose the ears with the nob high up on the back of the head. means of raising the money to pay the bonus will very likely be brought before a caucus of the Re publican members of the House. FAMILY TAKES PULPIT WHEN PASTOR IS ILL POTTSVILLE. Pa., Feb. 13.?The family of the Rev. W. F. Savidge, pastor of Z.on's Evangelical Church of this city, came to his rescue yes terday when he was ill and no minister could be found to take his place. In the morning Miss Helen Sav idge, daughter of the minister, occu pied the pulpit of the church and preached a sermon. Last evening the sermon was preached by Mrs. Savidge, wife of the minister. DENBY'S NAVAL , CUT TOO SMALL FOR CONGRESS Figures Three Times Pre-War Cost Objected to in House. By International News Sere lee. Secretary of the Navy Denby en countered serious objections to his proposals for naval appropriations when he appeared today before the House Naval Affairs Committee with a schedule of reducUons de signed to reduce expenditures from $478,000,000 to $350,000,000 during the fiscal year 1922-2J. "That will not do," objected Con [gressman Thomas S. Butler of Penn gylvania, the committee chairman when Denby had presented his fig ures. "Before the war. In 1916, the cost of maintaining the navy, cx- - elusive of construction, was $10^. 000.000. As we have taken *Ut I most of the construction by the limitation of armament agreement, the people will not support a vote by us for three times this pre-war j cost of the navy." "There was at first the same com plaint over a billion-dollar Congress, ' Denby replied. "It was U'ss probable now than be fore the armament conference?" But ler demanded. "It was less probable." Denby said, "but until all nations further reduce their navies, it is ill-advised for the United States to do so." Price* realized on Swift A Co. aalen of carcass beef in Wsshlngton, D. C. for week enrtlnx Saturday, February 11, 1(12. on shipments Hold out, ranted from J.60 rente to 14 cents per pound and averaged 1186 centa per p*aad.-? Advt. rJhcjYc giving 'em away TREE\ r A hurricane of joy is sweeping the Food Sho,w! For every day more than 3,000 palates are being tempted by a free "taste" .of AUTH'S Frankfurters. Which means that every day 3,000 more people are "swearing by" AUTH'S Frankfurters for life! Taste em TREE at our Sooth at the FOOD SHOW t Madejn Washington by N.AUTH PROVISION CO.