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HOW MUCH OF A t ARE YOU. Exceaaive Speed C?HM Mast Accidents. By MAT McNAMARA. If every automobile driver wan ?war* of the many hundred dangers ? that come In hla path daily aad could be relied on to use good Judgment | and to do the right thing at the right time, there would be no need Of speed ? regulations and other traffic lawn ? pertaining to mgtor vehicles. Since the rate of speed has a great bearing on the seriousness of accidents, this 2 item rocelves the greatest attention ; In the enforcement of traffic laws. ; However, a (reat many dangers exist when traveling under-the legal rare : of speed which every motorist should : guard against. > V ' In discussing "Safely First" cam paigns recently with the proprietor of a large garage lie advised me that An abnormal number of cars were being ? turned over in the ditches every Week. . In his opinion, the Increase : over last year is out of all propor tions to the increased number of cart In service. Most of the cars In | volved in the turnovers were new ones, showing that lack of familiarity ! with the car might have had some bearing. .'However, we deckled to [< make a check on the nature of the road and other details that might throw some light on the subject. I An investigation showed that In ? practically every case, as near as we pould learn, the cars had been driven too fast. In several cases the drivers bad run over turns on the road. A many happened on straight, roads with soft gravel surface, which caused jricldding at high speed. A few were caused by striking the ! ourbstone while rounding a corner I too, fast on city ftreets. Mostly all r of these accidents occurred on dry roads, within the legal speed limit and could have been avoided if the drivers had been aware of the dangers that lurk on the straight aways as well as the turns. After the above check we made a tour over thee* particular roads dur ing the traffic rush and observed' the actions of many of the drivers NEW REO PHDErDN wins BEiinr prize Takes First Place From Thirty Cars at Recent Vir ginia Fair. The new Reo Phaeton, which has Just been announced by the Reo Motor Car Company, has not only been attracting unusual attentfon throughout the country, but it has already ber^* chosen as the blue rib bon winner V. an Automobile Beauty Contest, according to J. B. Trew, of the Trew Motor Company. In competition with approximate ly thirty other cars the Reo Phaeton was awarded the first prise at the Roanoke, Virginia Fair which has Just closed. The winn'ng car was driven bv Charles Carper. The "Beauty Contest," which fea tured the closing of the fair, con sisted not only of the exhibition of the various cars, bu,t In their per ' formance as demonstrated by the r fair drivers. Each driver was re quired to drive her car past the Judges stand in the grandstand, turn around and back, and then come to a stop In front of the stand. After this she was requited to start the motor of the car and shift gears be fore completing the test. when negotiating newly surfaced gravel roada and aoma of the turns In the road loom up auddenly. We were not long In arriving at con cluaionn .and decided that we would be much safer on tbdNparrow aide roada. In our opinion tha turn-overs were/caused by a lack of judgment on the part of the drivers, that is, they did not Judge distance properly, or oould not see far enough ahead, for Invariably they would overrun the turm and soft a pots and realise the danger after way sot Into It. It waa only lock that many of them did not turn over or clash with a car on the other side of the road. I personal ly believe that moat of tyla la due to the recent tihange of speed laws lp Michigan. The maximum limit , has been lncreaaed from twenty-five to thirty-five mllea an hour and naturally drivesa not accustomed to handling caroat higher apeeda are liable to get Into trouble by mis judging distance before alowlng up for traffic obstructions. People learning to operate motor cars should take the matter very ^seriously and proceed cautiously until they have formed a thorough ac quaintance with the countless dan gers that lurk on the atralght-aways as well as on the turns. Slow up on wet streeta, use antl-akld chains on wet dirt roada. When your non-skid treads on the rear tires wear, awltch your front tires to rear wheels If the front treads are In better condition. Start to slow up two hundred feet ahead of a turn when traveling at thirty-five miles per hour. Slow up when approaching bridges.' fresh gravel or newly graded roads, and beware of railroad crossings. Every driver should train his fyes to see all road obstructions at least five hundred feet ahead, as well as to the right and left and learn to keep your eyes ahead when shifting gears or various mechanism on the dash, for these can be reached by the sense of feeling rather than sight This is very Important in emergencies and should be practiced at all times. Pedestrians Blamedfor Many Accidents With all the agitation about the Increasing of automobile accidents, the newspapers take but little account of the increase In the number of cars or of population. The percentage of accidents as compared with cars In operation Is continually de creasing. which Is sufficient evi dence of more care or greater skill on the part of drivers, for The tendency on the part of . pedestrians is to become more and more careless as they be come accustomed to the traffic. A few years ago only the most reckless would start across a street when there was a car coming within a block. Today men. women and children dive recklessly Into a ruck of taxi > eabs, busses and trucks, trust ing their lives to the skill of the drivers and the efficiency of brakes. It Is not the number of accidents, hut their Infre quency, considering conditions, that should cause astonishment. Before the leather upholstery be comes brown and shabby, it should be washed with soap and water, and when dry, given a treatment with leather dressing. ? , . The New Mitchell Phaeton DeLuxe '? ? ? / -3. .? /: ? i.*'.V \ . . * J ?f'. ' ,**?' i '. 1 J- *J ' , 4.' . *? * (? *.? *. ' .. X ' ' ? ?, -?J ? -'4' K -*'.*? ?? ' ? ' ? ? ? v ? THE ear yon will be proud to own is the NEW Mitchell F-50 DeLuxe Phaeton. Commanding the respect of every motorist, it sets an entirely neW standard of performance. Having covered more than a million miles, the now famous MitcheU "White Streaks" are con ducting the most colossal motor ear demonstration ever devised. Completely equipped from front bumper to a spare tire in the rear, every comfort and convenience is provided 'without additional expense. The NEW Mitchell DeLuxe Phaeton is ready.for the road. We Invite you to visit our showrooms at 1823 Fourteenth street, where ihe new f-RO Phaeton model is on display. Make an appointment for a demonstration. Or, better still, take a "turn" at the wheel Its comfort and wonderful performance will convince you that it is the car you want to own and drive. ? ? - , . ? ' Desirable Maryland and Virginia Territory Open NEUMTYER MOTOR COMPANY 1A23 14th Str ? Service Station, 211 B Street N. W. North 7522, 9329 , Franklin 7690 J LOOM v /Ihosi a amp << *? A Common cMMf o? vate*. LEAKAGE KEED*/iimTtGWT Injurious to Engine Perform ance and May Cause Serious Damage to Power Plant Bj- ALEXANDER JOHNSTON, Editor mt 1MUL ENGINE overheating ia a con dition that, la not confined to any one aeaaon. The engine la quite aa likely to overheat In the fall or winter aa in the aummer. Moat car ow?era aaaume that over heating ia Aierely a petty annoy ance to be met by filling the radia tor oftener. Thla ia a grave error. Overheating la a condition that ia alwaya lnjurloua to engine perform ance and may qauae aertoua injury to the pother plant. It ia aome thing to remedy aa aoon aa it apptarB. There are. a number Of cauaea that produce overheating and only by proceaa of elimination can the cauae be. located and the condition cured. The flrat place to auapect ia the fan belt. The belt ahould be FINDS CM nncs DEVICE OF ROMMS Investigator Tells of Develop ment From AncienftOays Until Present. ? Reaearch ahowa that the earlleat attempt to relieve the pa?eenger of a vehicle from road ahock waa made during the reign of Alexander Severua. ruler, or the Roman empire In the third century. The - body waa faatened to the renter of two polea, which ran the full length of the vehicle and reated upon the front and rear axlea. The ' paaaengera enjoyed the benefit of any realllency the polea poaaeased. The flrat patent far a ateel aprlng waa laaued in England to Edward Knapp in 1?26. but it waa not until forty years later that the flrat ve hicle on ateel aprlnga became popu lar. Thla waa the Bruette. which reaembled a mounted aedan chair and Which waa .pulled by a runner In a manner almllar to the Jlnrik aha of Japan. The man-power cartage gave way to a horse-drawn coach, mounted upon two tranaverae aprlnga, the enda of which were auapended by heavy atrapa to two rigid uprtghta at each end of the chaaata. There were varioua varlatlona of thla principle applied on vehicle*, but until the advent of thp platform, and the ellptlcal aprlng traveling any RADIATOR x>k>se CONWECTJO, tight, but ttot under tension. The pulleys on which the belt runs ?hould be correctly aliened so that there Is no binding. In air-cooled cars with a two compartment hood, the shelf should fit tightly so that there are Ao air leak*- to upset the cooling. Of course, the water system must be kept properly filled with water. Especially is this so with the thermo syphon system, which depends on Motor Speed Start . WiD Race At Cotati , y SANTA ROSA, Oct. 28.? Those who follow the course of the roaring road will be treated here, October 29, to as rare an example of what hap pens "when Greek meets Greek" as they will probably ever seej when the Ave greatest stars of the automobile racing sport gather for the hundred-mile match race set for that date, on the Cotati mile and a quar ter bowL Tommy Miller, 1921 speed champion; Jimmy Murphy, 1922 champion-to-be; Bennett Hill, who leaped ^>vernightN into prominence by "his sensational Fresno victory September 30; Harry Harts, junior speed king of the world, and Frank Elliott, a favorite in Northern Califor nia because of his double vic tory here in the sprints Aug ust will all be contestants. distance In a horse-drawn vehicle was Only possible in the case of robust persons. These elliptical springs were used on the coaches that plied In all parts of the world before the day of the railroad. They have been modified and improved into such combinations as the transverse, the deep cham bered, the threesuarter elliptical, the semi-elliptical, the cantilever and the flat spririg, which have made easy automobile riding possible at the present day. v HYLAN WOULD OPERATE MOTOR BUS SYSTEM IN N. Y. Mayor Hylaji of New York recent ly issued a statement urging the New Tork State Legislature to en act a law enabling him to put in operation a municipal motor bus sys tem in New York City. He based his plea on the necessity of conserving coal during the hard winter ahead and on the general usefulness even after the coal crisis has passed. Mayor Hylan has been one of the first city executives to appreciate and proclaim the virtues of the motor bus as a city transport me dium. AUSTRALIA GOING IN FOR GOOD ROAD BUILDING The Australian government has sent an engineer of roads and bridges to this country to study the construction of American highways, particularly as te the cost of laying the different types of roads, dura wllty, maintenance costs, drainage and grading. ? Australia is contemplating an ex tensive road-bulldlng program. Paris For Automibes Shafts ? Axles, drive shafts, ring and pin I oh gears, cylinder head gaskets, silent run ning timing gears, for til makes and model cars. Springs furnished and in stalled while you wait. Carey A. Paris 486 La. Ave. N. ty. PboM Franklin 2828 U<ET H V TW fIBST t?CCNTIAL TOR tfPtOlWT I jC'Mf COOLING, .iTOKItP THE PADtAIOft Will SUPPLIf D ?ottA <\* *? - IMKTCft. ? V'- ' JF tA? WATCR. 19 MLOfll' ?* TO fA.lL Bf LOW TH| LEVEL MMOCIU A IH A T H* k^MO COOLl I EMOlNf , JjOCOOilN^ . C irtCUIT tt INK KtuPtt ?, AND CM RMtATiNO I? 51 SLiRt to FOLLOW the heated water rising to main tain a flow. With the Dump system there .will always be a certain amount of circulation, but even hare It la important to keep the water supply up to level. Ovlously, there must be no leaks, nor leaks In the pump glands, hone connections etc. The overflow pipe from the radiator must be kept clear. So that no steam will be trapped. I)lrt or muck In the radiator's lower tank or In the water Jackets will Interfere with the proper circula tion of the liquid. In cases of fhronlc overheating, the water sys tem should be thoroughly cleaned , ItNSiCH ??ut. It muat be remembered always hat an obstruction anywhere In the lystein will throw the whole opera ion out of gear. Sometimes, tor natance, cheap or old hose connec :iona will collapse and obstruct the flow of water so that overheating >ecomes chronic. tipark timing is a matter that has nuch to do with the engine tem perature. Most driver* know that unning for long on retarded spark auses overheating. If the timing if the spark has been upset by irn ?roper adjustment of the breaker joints, a badly worn breaker cam >r other trouble, overheating will . mull. Finally, carbon deposits and the characteristics of the fuel that Is .teing burned wiU-'affect engine tem <-ra un* A heavily carboned eii trtoio will cause almost Immediate overheating, wfth knocking and mie .. .., ? iu liu.ji v'S-> o .iia-no will a<'t exactly as If it had no Wa ter. although the cooling system may be full. * * ' Whenever overheating develops, the car owner will be wise to begin an Immediate investigation and fol low through until he has located the fundamental cause of the trouble and cured It. NEW -^O l-PASSENO^R COU^ : Where Else Will *1835 Buy as Much Motor Car?. ?Ail'ited paneled body, richly upholstered ?Hardwood framework, braced with drop forgingt < - ?Mounted on the ftnnout Reo Six-Cylinder Chastis /? VptVIR have beauty, utility and mechanical geod IN neat to effectively joined force* with economy aa they h*ve in thfc new Reo Coupe. v . 1923 ia anticipated by its design of impressive <ngnity? xby its never-grow-tirssosne body . lines and cord-tire^ ' equipped sted disc wheels with demountable rims. v. Under its richly finished pending of sturdy steel is s rugged hardwood framework, fashioned and fabricated as only master coach-builders know how. Over the wide, deep, springy seats is upholstering that makes instant friends by its appearance, and lasting ones by its wearing qualities. Clubby cosiness for four occupants, whether wide of ' girth or long of limb, is definitely assured by a clever seating arrangement. There's freedom of movement for all, with an extra measure for the driver. Mechanical reliability that is institutiooally Reo is built into the double-framed chassis, in which major units are cradled and protected against the effect of road shocks. * In the 6-cylinder engine is developed 50 horse power, >. Whether purring through city traffic, hurrying along the straight-sways or plodding over desert trails, the Reo owner takes motor goodness for granted. Beautifully finished in Cuban gray, Reo blue or Bur- - gundy. Price $1835 f. o. b. Lansing, plus Federal tax. -K'. ?? The Trew Motor Co. v (Temporary Location) Mam 4173 14ti> and T Streets I ? 577^ Buick Service Protects -? .y Buick Owners Everywhere Buick owners everywhere recog nize this blue and white emblem of authorized service as further assurance of dependable Buick performance. Experience has shown Buick owners that "authorized" service means a conscientious, helpful interest in the continued, and perfect operation of their Buicks. Authorized service is a guarantee BUICK MOTOR COMPANY, FLINT, MICHIGAN Division of General Motor? Corporation V . ' of skilled labor from mechan* * ? # ics of long experience on Buick cars, and that every new part is genuine, factory-made of the same high quality as the original unit It is an assurance that the estab lishment is conducted to serve Buick owners fir&t, last, and always in a way that will con tinue the dependable performance jjuilt into every Buick car. t % ? Pioneer Builders of Vahre-ln-Hcftd Motor Ckn Branches In All Principal Cities?Dealer* BUICK MOTOR COMPANXrWASHINGTON BkANCfl FOURTEENTH AND .L STREETS N. W. A hotif EMERSON ft ORME, STANLEY H. HORNER, 16J# M St. N. W. Pttta* Fntakltn MM !?l# 14th 81. N? W, FLETCHER MOTOR CO., R0S8LYN MOTOR CO, Alexandria. V?. Phone Ale*. ?7? Koaatyn. V*. Mum* . OREM MOTOR CO* C. C. WATER8 ft SON, Wkktorf. Mi. > M4. ? , ? i t ... ? ; ? >v ???'Ml it' - urt . ? ?;/ IH' ' ? ? When better automobiles arc built, Buick will build then