COPyWGHT W22 oy THL CMBHTV VtLSrf SYNDICATE.
HOW MUCH OF A t ARE YOU.
Exceaaive Speed C?HM Mast Accidents.
By MAT McNAMARA.
If every automobile driver wan
?war* of the many hundred dangers
? that come In hla path daily aad could
be relied on to use good Judgment
| and to do the right thing at the right
time, there would be no need Of speed
? regulations and other traffic lawn
? pertaining to mgtor vehicles. Since
the rate of speed has a great bearing
on the seriousness of accidents, this
2 item rocelves the greatest attention
; In the enforcement of traffic laws.
; However, a (reat many dangers exist
when traveling under-the legal rare
: of speed which every motorist should
: guard against. >
V ' In discussing "Safely First" cam
paigns recently with the proprietor of
a large garage lie advised me that An
abnormal number of cars were being
? turned over in the ditches every
Week. . In his opinion, the Increase
: over last year is out of all propor
tions to the increased number of
cart In service. Most of the cars In
| volved in the turnovers were new
ones, showing that lack of familiarity
! with the car might have had some
bearing. .'However, we deckled to
[< make a check on the nature of the
road and other details that might
throw some light on the subject.
I An investigation showed that In
? practically every case, as near as we
pould learn, the cars had been driven
too fast. In several cases the drivers
bad run over turns on the road. A
many happened on straight,
roads with soft gravel surface,
which caused jricldding at high speed.
A few were caused by striking the
! ourbstone while rounding a corner
I too, fast on city ftreets. Mostly all
r of these accidents occurred on dry
roads, within the legal speed limit
and could have been avoided if the
drivers had been aware of the
dangers that lurk on the straight
aways as well as the turns.
After the above check we made a
tour over thee* particular roads dur
ing the traffic rush and observed'
the actions of many of the drivers
NEW REO PHDErDN
wins BEiinr prize
Takes First Place From Thirty
Cars at Recent Vir
The new Reo Phaeton, which has
Just been announced by the Reo
Motor Car Company, has not only
been attracting unusual attentfon
throughout the country, but it has
already ber^* chosen as the blue rib
bon winner V. an Automobile Beauty
Contest, according to J. B. Trew,
of the Trew Motor Company.
In competition with approximate
ly thirty other cars the Reo Phaeton
was awarded the first prise at the
Roanoke, Virginia Fair which has
Just closed. The winn'ng car was
driven bv Charles Carper.
The "Beauty Contest," which fea
tured the closing of the fair, con
sisted not only of the exhibition of
the various cars, bu,t In their per
' formance as demonstrated by the r
fair drivers. Each driver was re
quired to drive her car past the
Judges stand in the grandstand, turn
around and back, and then come to
a stop In front of the stand. After
this she was requited to start the
motor of the car and shift gears be
fore completing the test.
when negotiating newly surfaced
gravel roada and aoma of the turns
In the road loom up auddenly. We
were not long In arriving at con
cluaionn .and decided that we would
be much safer on tbdNparrow aide
roada. In our opinion tha turn-overs
were/caused by a lack of judgment
on the part of the drivers, that is,
they did not Judge distance properly,
or oould not see far enough ahead,
for Invariably they would overrun
the turm and soft a pots and realise
the danger after way sot Into It. It
waa only lock that many of them did
not turn over or clash with a car on
the other side of the road. I personal
ly believe that moat of tyla la due to
the recent tihange of speed laws lp
Michigan. The maximum limit , has
been lncreaaed from twenty-five
to thirty-five mllea an hour and
naturally drivesa not accustomed to
handling caroat higher apeeda are
liable to get Into trouble by mis
judging distance before alowlng up
for traffic obstructions.
People learning to operate motor
cars should take the matter very
^seriously and proceed cautiously until
they have formed a thorough ac
quaintance with the countless dan
gers that lurk on the atralght-aways
as well as on the turns. Slow up on
wet streeta, use antl-akld chains on
wet dirt roada. When your non-skid
treads on the rear tires wear, awltch
your front tires to rear wheels If the
front treads are In better condition.
Start to slow up two hundred feet
ahead of a turn when traveling at
thirty-five miles per hour. Slow up
when approaching bridges.' fresh
gravel or newly graded roads, and
beware of railroad crossings.
Every driver should train his fyes
to see all road obstructions at least
five hundred feet ahead, as well as
to the right and left and learn to
keep your eyes ahead when shifting
gears or various mechanism on the
dash, for these can be reached by
the sense of feeling rather than sight
This is very Important in emergencies
and should be practiced at all times.
With all the agitation about
the Increasing of automobile
accidents, the newspapers take
but little account of the increase
In the number of cars or of
population. The percentage of
accidents as compared with cars
In operation Is continually de
creasing. which Is sufficient evi
dence of more care or greater
skill on the part of drivers, for
The tendency on the part of
. pedestrians is to become more
and more careless as they be
come accustomed to the traffic.
A few years ago only the most
reckless would start across a
street when there was a car
coming within a block. Today
men. women and children dive
recklessly Into a ruck of taxi
> eabs, busses and trucks, trust
ing their lives to the skill of
the drivers and the efficiency of
brakes. It Is not the number of
accidents, hut their Infre
quency, considering conditions,
that should cause astonishment.
Before the leather upholstery be
comes brown and shabby, it should
be washed with soap and water, and
when dry, given a treatment with
leather dressing. ? , .
The New Mitchell
'? ? ? / -3. .? /: ? i.*'.V \ . . * J
?f'. ' ,**?' i '. 1 J- *J ' , 4.' . *? * (? *.? *. ' .. X ' ' ? ?,
-?J ? -'4' K -*'.*? ?? ' ? ' ? ? ? v ?
THE ear yon will be proud to own is the NEW Mitchell F-50 DeLuxe
Phaeton. Commanding the respect of every motorist, it sets an
entirely neW standard of performance. Having covered more than
a million miles, the now famous MitcheU "White Streaks" are con
ducting the most colossal motor ear demonstration ever devised.
Completely equipped from front bumper to a spare tire in the rear, every
comfort and convenience is provided 'without additional expense. The
NEW Mitchell DeLuxe Phaeton is ready.for the road.
We Invite you to visit our showrooms at 1823 Fourteenth street, where
ihe new f-RO Phaeton model is on display. Make an appointment for a
demonstration. Or, better still, take a "turn" at the wheel Its comfort
and wonderful performance will convince you that it is the car you want
to own and drive. ? ? - , . ?
Desirable Maryland and Virginia Territory Open
NEUMTYER MOTOR COMPANY
1A23 14th Str ? Service Station, 211 B Street N. W.
North 7522, 9329 , Franklin 7690
J LOOM v
/Ihosi a amp <<
*? A Common cMMf o?
Injurious to Engine Perform
ance and May Cause Serious
Damage to Power Plant
Bj- ALEXANDER JOHNSTON,
Editor mt 1MUL
ENGINE overheating ia a con
dition that, la not confined to
any one aeaaon. The engine
la quite aa likely to overheat In the
fall or winter aa in the aummer.
Moat car ow?era aaaume that over
heating ia Aierely a petty annoy
ance to be met by filling the radia
tor oftener. Thla ia a grave error.
Overheating la a condition that ia
alwaya lnjurloua to engine perform
ance and may qauae aertoua injury
to the pother plant. It ia aome
thing to remedy aa aoon aa it
There are. a number Of cauaea
that produce overheating and only
by proceaa of elimination can the
cauae be. located and the condition
cured. The flrat place to auapect
ia the fan belt. The belt ahould be
FINDS CM nncs
DEVICE OF ROMMS
Investigator Tells of Develop
ment From AncienftOays
Reaearch ahowa that the earlleat
attempt to relieve the pa?eenger of
a vehicle from road ahock waa made
during the reign of Alexander
Severua. ruler, or the Roman empire
In the third century.
The - body waa faatened to the
renter of two polea, which ran the
full length of the vehicle and reated
upon the front and rear axlea. The '
paaaengera enjoyed the benefit of
any realllency the polea poaaeased.
The flrat patent far a ateel aprlng
waa laaued in England to Edward
Knapp in 1?26. but it waa not until
forty years later that the flrat ve
hicle on ateel aprlnga became popu
lar. Thla waa the Bruette. which
reaembled a mounted aedan chair
and Which waa .pulled by a runner
In a manner almllar to the Jlnrik
aha of Japan.
The man-power cartage gave way
to a horse-drawn coach, mounted
upon two tranaverae aprlnga, the
enda of which were auapended by
heavy atrapa to two rigid uprtghta
at each end of the chaaata. There
were varioua varlatlona of thla
principle applied on vehicle*, but
until the advent of thp platform,
and the ellptlcal aprlng traveling any
tight, but ttot under tension. The
pulleys on which the belt runs
?hould be correctly aliened so that
there Is no binding.
In air-cooled cars with a two
compartment hood, the shelf should
fit tightly so that there are Ao air
leak*- to upset the cooling.
Of course, the water system must
be kept properly filled with water.
Especially is this so with the thermo
syphon system, which depends on
Motor Speed Start
. WiD Race At
SANTA ROSA, Oct. 28.?
Those who follow the course
of the roaring road will be
treated here, October 29, to as
rare an example of what hap
pens "when Greek meets Greek"
as they will probably ever seej
when the Ave greatest stars of
the automobile racing sport
gather for the hundred-mile
match race set for that date,
on the Cotati mile and a quar
Tommy Miller, 1921 speed
champion; Jimmy Murphy, 1922
champion-to-be; Bennett Hill,
who leaped ^>vernightN into
prominence by "his sensational
Fresno victory September 30;
Harry Harts, junior speed king
of the world, and Frank Elliott,
a favorite in Northern Califor
nia because of his double vic
tory here in the sprints Aug
ust will all be contestants.
distance In a horse-drawn vehicle
was Only possible in the case of
These elliptical springs were used
on the coaches that plied In all parts
of the world before the day of the
railroad. They have been modified
and improved into such combinations
as the transverse, the deep cham
bered, the threesuarter elliptical,
the semi-elliptical, the cantilever and
the flat spririg, which have made
easy automobile riding possible at
the present day. v
HYLAN WOULD OPERATE
MOTOR BUS SYSTEM IN N. Y.
Mayor Hylaji of New York recent
ly issued a statement urging the
New Tork State Legislature to en
act a law enabling him to put in
operation a municipal motor bus sys
tem in New York City.
He based his plea on the necessity
of conserving coal during the hard
winter ahead and on the general
usefulness even after the coal crisis
Mayor Hylan has been one of the
first city executives to appreciate
and proclaim the virtues of the
motor bus as a city transport me
AUSTRALIA GOING IN
FOR GOOD ROAD BUILDING
The Australian government has
sent an engineer of roads and
bridges to this country to study the
construction of American highways,
particularly as te the cost of laying
the different types of roads, dura
wllty, maintenance costs, drainage
and grading. ?
Australia is contemplating an ex
tensive road-bulldlng program.
Axles, drive shafts, ring
and pin I oh gears, cylinder
head gaskets, silent run
ning timing gears, for til
makes and model cars.
Springs furnished and in
stalled while you wait.
Carey A. Paris
486 La. Ave. N. ty.
PboM Franklin 2828
TW fIBST t?CCNTIAL
TOR tfPtOlWT I jC'Mf
THE PADtAIOft Will
SUPPLIf D ?ottA <\* *? -
? V'- '
JF tA? WATCR. 19 MLOfll'
?* TO fA.lL Bf LOW TH|
LEVEL MMOCIU A
IH A T H* k^MO COOLl I
EMOlNf , JjOCOOilN^
. C irtCUIT tt INK KtuPtt
?, AND CM RMtATiNO I?
51 SLiRt to FOLLOW
the heated water rising to main
tain a flow. With the Dump system
there .will always be a certain
amount of circulation, but even
hare It la important to keep the
water supply up to level.
Ovlously, there must be no leaks,
nor leaks In the pump glands, hone
connections etc. The overflow pipe
from the radiator must be kept clear.
So that no steam will be trapped.
I)lrt or muck In the radiator's lower
tank or In the water Jackets will
Interfere with the proper circula
tion of the liquid. In cases of
fhronlc overheating, the water sys
tem should be thoroughly cleaned ,
??ut. It muat be remembered always
hat an obstruction anywhere In the
lystein will throw the whole opera
ion out of gear. Sometimes, tor
natance, cheap or old hose connec
:iona will collapse and obstruct the
flow of water so that overheating
tipark timing is a matter that has
nuch to do with the engine tem
perature. Most driver* know that
unning for long on retarded spark
auses overheating. If the timing
if the spark has been upset by irn
?roper adjustment of the breaker
joints, a badly worn breaker cam
>r other trouble, overheating will
Finally, carbon deposits and the
characteristics of the fuel that Is
.teing burned wiU-'affect engine tem
<-ra un* A heavily carboned eii
trtoio will cause almost Immediate
overheating, wfth knocking and mie
.. .., ? iu liu.ji v'S-> o .iia-no
will a<'t exactly as If it had no Wa
ter. although the cooling system
may be full. * * '
Whenever overheating develops,
the car owner will be wise to begin
an Immediate investigation and fol
low through until he has located the
fundamental cause of the trouble
and cured It.
NEW -^O l-PASSENO^R COU^
: Where Else Will *1835
Buy as Much Motor Car?.
?Ail'ited paneled body, richly upholstered
?Hardwood framework, braced with drop forgingt < -
?Mounted on the ftnnout Reo Six-Cylinder Chastis /?
VptVIR have beauty, utility and mechanical geod
IN neat to effectively joined force* with economy aa
they h*ve in thfc new Reo Coupe. v .
1923 ia anticipated by its design of impressive <ngnity?
xby its never-grow-tirssosne body . lines and cord-tire^
' equipped sted disc wheels with demountable rims. v.
Under its richly finished pending of sturdy steel is s
rugged hardwood framework, fashioned and fabricated
as only master coach-builders know how.
Over the wide, deep, springy seats is upholstering that
makes instant friends by its appearance, and lasting
ones by its wearing qualities.
Clubby cosiness for four occupants, whether wide of '
girth or long of limb, is definitely assured by a clever
seating arrangement. There's freedom of movement for
all, with an extra measure for the driver.
Mechanical reliability that is institutiooally Reo is built
into the double-framed chassis, in which major units are
cradled and protected against the effect of road shocks. *
In the 6-cylinder engine is developed 50 horse power, >.
Whether purring through city traffic, hurrying along the
straight-sways or plodding over desert trails, the Reo
owner takes motor goodness for granted.
Beautifully finished in Cuban gray, Reo blue or Bur- -
gundy. Price $1835 f. o. b. Lansing, plus Federal tax.
The Trew Motor Co. v
Mam 4173 14ti> and T Streets
I ? 577^
Buick Service Protects
Buick Owners Everywhere
Buick owners everywhere recog
nize this blue and white emblem
of authorized service as further
assurance of dependable Buick
Experience has shown Buick
owners that "authorized" service
means a conscientious, helpful
interest in the continued, and
perfect operation of their Buicks.
Authorized service is a guarantee
BUICK MOTOR COMPANY, FLINT, MICHIGAN
Division of General Motor? Corporation
V . '
of skilled labor from mechan*
* ? #
ics of long experience on Buick
cars, and that every new part
is genuine, factory-made of
the same high quality as the
It is an assurance that the estab
lishment is conducted to serve
Buick owners fir&t, last, and
always in a way that will con
tinue the dependable performance
jjuilt into every Buick car.
t % ?
Pioneer Builders of Vahre-ln-Hcftd Motor Ckn
Branches In All Principal Cities?Dealer*
MOTOR COMPANXrWASHINGTON BkANCfl
FOURTEENTH AND .L STREETS N. W.
EMERSON ft ORME, STANLEY H. HORNER,
16J# M St. N. W. Pttta* Fntakltn MM !?l# 14th 81. N? W,
FLETCHER MOTOR CO., R0S8LYN MOTOR CO,
Alexandria. V?. Phone Ale*. ?7? Koaatyn. V*. Mum*
. OREM MOTOR CO* C. C. WATER8 ft SON,
Wkktorf. Mi. > M4.
, ? i t ... ? ; ? >v
- urt . ?
IH' ' ? ?
When better automobiles arc built, Buick will build then
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