Newspaper Page Text
Thm National Daily
World Topics Eminent Writers ? * The National Daily ? ? SUNDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1922. My Heart Is Sick With These Intrigues. More Conferences. Forbidden to Approve or Disapprove. I Dislike These Visitors FV1HE International News Bureau, Inc., of Boston, has ?* received from an agent of a foreign government the notes and comments of the former Empress of Germany during the months of her exile in Holland with the former Kaiser. The publication of this record of the late Kaiserine's last months, showing the state of mind of the deppsed monarch and his daily life,\oill cause great excitement and resentment among the Hohenzollem monarchists of Gerrpany, who will make every effort tip deny or repudiate it. But the intrinsic evidence in the record itself, as well * as the source from which it comes, convinces us of its genuineness. t (Copyright. IMS. by The InternatlonalfNewe Bureau, Inc., II School atreet, Boston, Maaa. European rl?hta jpleerved Quotation prohibited.) INSTALLMENT V. AMERONGEN, Holland, July 29, 1919. AGAIN they have disobeyed my instructions and failed to keep away from the Emperor Kautsky's bitter denunciation of my husband in his report of Investigation. No one seems to have any pity for him. It has been decided that we look for a new place of resi dence. * , '' v Thursday, July 31. The Emperor has received still more news. Bauer's ' * '(the German Preiser atthe time?Ed.) attack upon the Emperor at the Weimer assembly has incensed him. More intrigues! And why? What is to be accomplished. It will cause more turmoil and perhaps lives. PRAYS FOR WILLIAM'S HEALTH Friday, August 1. William is feeling better, but his spirit is weak. May God give him strength. Thursday, August 7. , Now speaks up Henri (Prince Henri of Prussia, brother of Kaiser William?Ed.) His thrtat to the Eng lish king is foolish and will cause more enmity on the part of England. Why can they not control their tongues? I feel weak. Thursday, August 14. My son is visiting his wife and children at Sodin (Prussia). How happy they must be. At least my son does not take things in a melancholy'spirit. But he is * young. May God give Strength to my husband. HEARS SON IS COMING TO DOORN Sunday, August 17. I learned today that my son got permission from the Dutch government to bring his wife and children to Weiringen. I know they will be happy together. I hope that William will be able to secure Baroness Baufort's ?state at Doom. Monday, August 18. The house at Doorn has been purchased, I am so glad. I am planning to make daily trips to the house. Wednesday, August 20. ?p I feel slightly better today. Took breakfast outdoors. PLEASED AT NEWS OF DAUGHTER Monday, August 25. Not feeling very well today. William went out driving. The news that my daughter and her husband (Duke of Brunswick?Ed.) bought a house at the Hague gladdens my heart (There is an unusually long lapse in the diary. It stops with the entry of August 26 and is not resumed again until:) Friday, October 3. My son visited his father for the first time on foreign ?oil. Peerboon and Kan came with him. ' V, , Wednesday, October 8. ! I learned Haase (Hugo Haase) was wounded by an Austrian. Another stupid act RELATIVES FIGURE IN KAISER'S LIFE AS EXILE Prince Ernst August and Prin cess Loqise, the Duke and Duchess of Brunswick, whose purchase of a home in Tfca Hague pleased William. yy)fasceJksar <ryyu/?ic?ssja uiSB fa asking the ex tradition and trial of the Kaiaer. PRISON REFORM AS PRACTICED IN U. S STANDS FOR JUSTICE AND GOOD SENSE THERE seems to be prevail ing a mistaking Idea In regard to prison reform? namely, that prison reform Is a fad and stands for super-aentl mentallsm, while In tact the right kind of prison reform stands only for justice and good sens*. Another point I wish to empha size is that my committee, the National Committee on Prisons and Prison labor, does not under take to conduct the different prisons. What w* are trying to do Is to establish certain principles which will act as a guide in the conduct of prisons and the treat ment of prisoners all ov4r the United States and In any other country that Is interested In Im provement In this Important branch of social welfare. The details of the management of the prisons must be carried out by the authorities, adjusting them to the conditions which exist in the particular locality in which the prison Is situated. Good in Reform | In the first place, we would like to have the public become more Interested in this work. As is now often the case, many peo ple, even those who are Interested in public work, abandon the prison question. They brush It aside, say ing.. "We do not believe in coddling the prisoner," "Give It to htm good and hard," "Nothing can be done about it anyway," "Once a crimi nal, always a criminal," and other similar Ill-considered remarks. As I have often said before, quite apart from the humane ques tion, the subject is one which Is of the greatest importance to the gen eral community. As an instance, there is at the , present day a better understand ing of the treatment of the insane ?although, by no means ideal, we have at least gotten away from the old idea thatHhe insane were pos sessed of evil spirits, and from the practice during the Inquisition of torturing unbelievers, or of aban doning toj their fate those who were accused of political Wrong doing, as In Russia under the auto cratic government of the Csars. No doubt a great many people, Mors the emanoljatlaB mi Um i National Committee Is Trying: to Establish Certain Principles Which Will Act as a Guide in the Conduct of Penal Institutions and in Treat ment of Inmates. By ADOLPH LXWI80HK " ?Urea, knew that slrrrry *u wronf, but only a few cam* for ward and argued against It. The abandonment of the old aya tern of the treatment of prtoona and prisoners In Just as Important aa the liberation of the colored peo ple from slavery. Crimm Is Studied We are gradually awakening to the Importance of handling the prison question in a'more sensible and scientific manner. I think everybody will agree that the pris oner entering a prison or reforma tory should be thoroughly exam ined as to his mental and physical atate, and If possible the causes of the crime for which he is Im prisoned ascertained through such examination, and his treatment de termined accordingly I think we must all come to the conclusion that men in prison are not very different from those out side, except that they have been found guilty of an offenBe for which they have received a term in prison, and that with right treat ment many of them can be brought back Into a natural atate ao that they can again be received into the general community and in many caaea become good men and good cltlaena. There ia really not such a great difference aa la generally supposed between men in prison and men outalde. Some of them have perhapa been had for a longer time and gone from bad to worse; othera may have been generally law-abiding people and Just ? by chanoe or through eome special cause com mitted this particular crime for which they were sentenced to prison. There Is an idea in some quarters that crime Is m aort of dlseaae and and that many could be cOr?tf by treatment; however, that ia msm thing for futurs determination?we want for the present to work out the simple problem. The prisoners should receive treatment that after their dis charge they are likely to be able to take care of themselves and their families are not apt to spread disease either mental or physical. They should be put to work at such kind of work as they are fitted for, which will occupy their time and be useful to them when they come out of prison. At the same time their educa tion and their general treatment should be with the view of Im proving them. The men In charge of the prisons should be of high grade, trained In the work which they have to perfom and setting a good exam ple to the prisoners. The public should take more In terest In the matter, so that the warden would get credit If he Is able to educate and treat the pris oner In such a way that he will bo improved and become a good citi zen, while It should reflect upon him If the prisoner tufns out badly and goes back to prison. Thm Warden'a Duty As it is now. the only obligation that is put on the wardens and keepers Is that they keep the pris oners In the Institutions and not allow them to escape. The public does not Interest it self generally In the work, so that the wardens and keepers do not get any credit if they do the work well, nor get blamed 11 the men when they leave prison are worse than thsy were before. So much Is said about repeaters in many States cooking back to prison again for committing other crimes after they are discharged. The clever craoks, aside from tfc* possibility of infhisrlng ward ens and keepers by bribery and political Influence, generally know how to adjust themselves to tho conditions in prison. They may bo good prisoners as such, but when they go out be worse than when they came in. Tho National Committee on Prisons and Prison Labor stands tor certain fundamental principles In the conduct of priqpns and tho treatment of prisoners briefly out lined in tfte following program: J?THE administration of penal institutions by competent men and women, .selected for their fit ness to train prisoners. 2?THE remanding of every per son convicted of crime, after conviction and before sehtence, to a classification station for thor ough examination, physical, men tal. and according to work record and other previous experience in life. The fixing of sentences according to the report and recomendatlons of this examination. The distribution of men and women physically and mentally ca pable of work to Industrial prisons and of those physically diseased to hospitals or other custodial Insti tutions. Labor Question The release of men and women from the industrial prisons only when bo trained that they are competent to take a useful place In society. 3-The. employment of all pep sons confined in industrial prisons at work as nearly as pos sible adapted to their capabilities and for which they receive ade quate wnges from which shall be deducted the cost of their keep? the balance of wages so paid to be property of the prisoners and available for the support of their dependents or funded agalnht the day of their release. ^?The abolition of .ths practice of confining persons sentenced for crime In jails under county control with the resulting Idleness and degredatlon. and the substi tution of a system of State control over all parsons convicted of crime so that they may bo taken care ?adcr the State penal syst?s. "Why Should We Object to be Taxed by Netherlands if We are to be Inhab itants of This Land?" Notations Reveal > Wednesday, October 22. My birthday celebration waa very simple. I was over joyed to meet August (Ex-Prince August William, their fourth son?Ed.) who came for a visit. .August's visit made my husband happy. INTRIGUES BRING HEARTACHES Friday, October 24. Still too much correspondence with the Fatherland. We learn that Rupprecht is included among the thousand Germans who are wanted by the Allies as criminals. Monday, October 27. My heart is sick with these intrigues. More confer ences. I am forbidden to approve or disapprove. These men do not realize that they are driving my husband into physical and mental deterioration. William has not had even a few days' rest and solitude since he came to the castle. I dislike most of these visitors and dislike their motives still more. PRINCE DID NOT REALIZE KAISER'S FALL Friday, November 7. Today the documents conveying the Doorn house were handed over to us. Considerable alterations will have to be m#de and we are hoping t? move to our new place of residence early in May. Am feeling slightly better. ^? f / . Sunday, November 9. Today being the revolution day it waa a gloomy day for alL Saturday, November 22. It was a strenuous day for me as I spent hours with my husband in smoothing over many disagreements with our son. Perhaps my husband's unhappiness would be lightened if I could prevail upon my son to realise what a terrible blow fate has dealt to his father. May God listen to my prayer and fill one with wisdom and the ether with patience and tolerance. IRRITABILITY DRIVES AWAY FRIENDS Thursday, ^lovenober 27. William's irritability and impatience will, I fear, cause us the loss of all loyal friends. I do not approve General Dammes' (chief of Kaiser's private cabinet?Ed.) re placement by Baron Von Berg. Von Berg lives in the fourteenth end fifteenth centuries. He is overbearing. We do not need such men at this time. Thursday, December 4. William is feeling happy today in peace of mind. He went out hunting with the Prince of Netherland, a kind neighbor. ? ? I | WILLIAM ROUSED BY TAX THREAT e Monday, December 8. The Netherland decision to tax us has somewhat per turbed William's peace of mind. Why should we object to be taxed if we are to become inhabitants of this' land ? At least, out of gratitude, we should be willing to pay our just taxes. I A NOT HER interesting installment of the notes and comments of the late Kaiser in Augusta Victoria during the period of her exile at Amerongen and Doorn will appear in The Washington Times next Sunday. As the diary shows the ex-Empress daily grew more morose and apparently felt keenly the harsh treatment accorded to all about him by the deposed Monarch William.