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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, October 29, 1922, SUNDAY MORNING, Image 27

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Thm National Daily
World Topics
Eminent Writers
? * The National Daily ? ? SUNDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1922.
My Heart Is Sick With These
Intrigues. More Conferences.
Forbidden to Approve or
Disapprove. I Dislike
These Visitors
FV1HE International News Bureau, Inc., of Boston, has
?* received from an agent of a foreign government the
notes and comments of the former Empress of Germany
during the months of her exile in Holland with the
former Kaiser.
The publication of this record of the late Kaiserine's
last months, showing the state of mind of the deppsed
monarch and his daily life,\oill cause great excitement
and resentment among the Hohenzollem monarchists of
Gerrpany, who will make every effort tip deny or repudiate
it.
But the intrinsic evidence in the record itself, as well
*
as the source from which it comes, convinces us of its
genuineness. t
(Copyright. IMS. by The InternatlonalfNewe Bureau, Inc., II School atreet,
Boston, Maaa. European rl?hta jpleerved Quotation prohibited.)
INSTALLMENT V.
AMERONGEN, Holland, July 29, 1919.
AGAIN they have disobeyed my instructions and
failed to keep away from the Emperor Kautsky's
bitter denunciation of my husband in his report of
Investigation. No one seems to have any pity for him.
It has been decided that we look for a new place of resi
dence.
* , '' v Thursday, July 31.
The Emperor has received still more news. Bauer's '
* '(the German Preiser atthe time?Ed.) attack upon the
Emperor at the Weimer assembly has incensed him.
More intrigues! And why? What is to be accomplished.
It will cause more turmoil and perhaps lives.
PRAYS FOR WILLIAM'S HEALTH
Friday, August 1.
William is feeling better, but his spirit is weak. May
God give him strength.
Thursday, August 7.
, Now speaks up Henri (Prince Henri of Prussia,
brother of Kaiser William?Ed.) His thrtat to the Eng
lish king is foolish and will cause more enmity on the
part of England. Why can they not control their
tongues? I feel weak.
Thursday, August 14.
My son is visiting his wife and children at Sodin
(Prussia). How happy they must be. At least my son
does not take things in a melancholy'spirit. But he is
* young. May God give Strength to my husband.
HEARS SON IS COMING TO DOORN
Sunday, August 17.
I learned today that my son got permission from the
Dutch government to bring his wife and children to
Weiringen. I know they will be happy together. I hope
that William will be able to secure Baroness Baufort's
?state at Doom.
Monday, August 18.
The house at Doorn has been purchased, I am so glad.
I am planning to make daily trips to the house.
Wednesday, August 20.
?p I feel slightly better today. Took breakfast outdoors.
PLEASED AT NEWS OF DAUGHTER
Monday, August 25.
Not feeling very well today. William went out driving.
The news that my daughter and her husband (Duke of
Brunswick?Ed.) bought a house at the Hague gladdens
my heart
(There is an unusually long lapse in the diary. It stops
with the entry of August 26 and is not resumed again
until:)
Friday, October 3.
My son visited his father for the first time on foreign
?oil. Peerboon and Kan came with him. '
V, , Wednesday, October 8.
! I learned Haase (Hugo Haase) was wounded by an
Austrian. Another stupid act
RELATIVES FIGURE IN KAISER'S LIFE AS EXILE
Prince Ernst August and Prin
cess Loqise, the Duke and
Duchess of Brunswick, whose
purchase of a home in Tfca
Hague pleased William.
yy)fasceJksar
<ryyu/?ic?ssja
uiSB
fa asking the ex
tradition and trial of the Kaiaer.
PRISON REFORM AS PRACTICED IN U. S
STANDS FOR JUSTICE AND GOOD SENSE
THERE seems to be prevail
ing a mistaking Idea In
regard to prison reform?
namely, that prison reform Is a
fad and stands for super-aentl
mentallsm, while In tact the right
kind of prison reform stands only
for justice and good sens*.
Another point I wish to empha
size is that my committee, the
National Committee on Prisons
and Prison labor, does not under
take to conduct the different
prisons.
What w* are trying to do Is
to establish certain principles
which will act as a guide in the
conduct of prisons and the treat
ment of prisoners all ov4r the
United States and In any other
country that Is interested In Im
provement In this Important branch
of social welfare.
The details of the management
of the prisons must be carried out
by the authorities, adjusting them
to the conditions which exist in
the particular locality in which
the prison Is situated.
Good in Reform
|
In the first place, we would
like to have the public become
more Interested in this work. As
is now often the case, many peo
ple, even those who are Interested
in public work, abandon the prison
question. They brush It aside, say
ing.. "We do not believe in coddling
the prisoner," "Give It to htm good
and hard," "Nothing can be done
about it anyway," "Once a crimi
nal, always a criminal," and other
similar Ill-considered remarks.
As I have often said before,
quite apart from the humane ques
tion, the subject is one which Is of
the greatest importance to the gen
eral community.
As an instance, there is at the
, present day a better understand
ing of the treatment of the insane
?although, by no means ideal, we
have at least gotten away from the
old idea thatHhe insane were pos
sessed of evil spirits, and from the
practice during the Inquisition of
torturing unbelievers, or of aban
doning toj their fate those who
were accused of political Wrong
doing, as In Russia under the auto
cratic government of the Csars.
No doubt a great many people,
Mors the emanoljatlaB mi Um
i
National Committee Is Trying: to Establish
Certain Principles Which Will Act as a
Guide in the Conduct of Penal
Institutions and in Treat
ment of Inmates.
By ADOLPH LXWI80HK "
?Urea, knew that slrrrry *u
wronf, but only a few cam* for
ward and argued against It.
The abandonment of the old aya
tern of the treatment of prtoona
and prisoners In Just as Important
aa the liberation of the colored peo
ple from slavery.
Crimm Is Studied
We are gradually awakening to
the Importance of handling the
prison question in a'more sensible
and scientific manner. I think
everybody will agree that the pris
oner entering a prison or reforma
tory should be thoroughly exam
ined as to his mental and physical
atate, and If possible the causes
of the crime for which he is Im
prisoned ascertained through such
examination, and his treatment de
termined accordingly
I think we must all come to the
conclusion that men in prison are
not very different from those out
side, except that they have been
found guilty of an offenBe for
which they have received a term in
prison, and that with right treat
ment many of them can be brought
back Into a natural atate ao that
they can again be received into the
general community and in many
caaea become good men and good
cltlaena.
There ia really not such a great
difference aa la generally supposed
between men in prison and men
outalde.
Some of them have perhapa been
had for a longer time and gone
from bad to worse; othera may
have been generally law-abiding
people and Just ? by chanoe or
through eome special cause com
mitted this particular crime for
which they were sentenced to
prison.
There Is an idea in some quarters
that crime Is m aort of dlseaae and
and that many could be cOr?tf by
treatment; however, that ia msm
thing for futurs determination?we
want for the present to work out
the simple problem.
The prisoners should receive
treatment that after their dis
charge they are likely to be able
to take care of themselves and
their families are not apt to
spread disease either mental or
physical.
They should be put to work at
such kind of work as they are
fitted for, which will occupy their
time and be useful to them when
they come out of prison.
At the same time their educa
tion and their general treatment
should be with the view of Im
proving them.
The men In charge of the prisons
should be of high grade, trained
In the work which they have to
perfom and setting a good exam
ple to the prisoners.
The public should take more In
terest In the matter, so that the
warden would get credit If he Is
able to educate and treat the pris
oner In such a way that he will bo
improved and become a good citi
zen, while It should reflect upon
him If the prisoner tufns out
badly and goes back to prison.
Thm Warden'a Duty
As it is now. the only obligation
that is put on the wardens and
keepers Is that they keep the pris
oners In the Institutions and not
allow them to escape.
The public does not Interest it
self generally In the work, so that
the wardens and keepers do not
get any credit if they do the work
well, nor get blamed 11 the men
when they leave prison are worse
than thsy were before.
So much Is said about repeaters
in many States cooking back to
prison again for committing other
crimes after they are discharged.
The clever craoks, aside from
tfc* possibility of infhisrlng ward
ens and keepers by bribery and
political Influence, generally know
how to adjust themselves to tho
conditions in prison.
They may bo good prisoners as
such, but when they go out be
worse than when they came in.
Tho National Committee on
Prisons and Prison Labor stands
tor certain fundamental principles
In the conduct of priqpns and tho
treatment of prisoners briefly out
lined in tfte following program:
J?THE administration of penal
institutions by competent men
and women, .selected for their fit
ness to train prisoners.
2?THE remanding of every per
son convicted of crime, after
conviction and before sehtence, to
a classification station for thor
ough examination, physical, men
tal. and according to work record
and other previous experience in
life.
The fixing of sentences according
to the report and recomendatlons
of this examination.
The distribution of men and
women physically and mentally ca
pable of work to Industrial prisons
and of those physically diseased to
hospitals or other custodial Insti
tutions.
Labor Question
The release of men and women
from the industrial prisons only
when bo trained that they are
competent to take a useful place
In society.
3-The. employment of all pep
sons confined in industrial
prisons at work as nearly as pos
sible adapted to their capabilities
and for which they receive ade
quate wnges from which shall be
deducted the cost of their keep?
the balance of wages so paid to
be property of the prisoners
and available for the support of
their dependents or funded agalnht
the day of their release.
^?The abolition of .ths practice
of confining persons sentenced
for crime In jails under county
control with the resulting Idleness
and degredatlon. and the substi
tution of a system of State control
over all parsons convicted of crime
so that they may bo taken care
?adcr the State penal syst?s.
"Why Should We Object to
be Taxed by Netherlands
if We are to be Inhab
itants of This Land?"
Notations Reveal
>
Wednesday, October 22.
My birthday celebration waa very simple. I was over
joyed to meet August (Ex-Prince August William, their
fourth son?Ed.) who came for a visit. .August's visit
made my husband happy.
INTRIGUES BRING HEARTACHES
Friday, October 24.
Still too much correspondence with the Fatherland.
We learn that Rupprecht is included among the thousand
Germans who are wanted by the Allies as criminals.
Monday, October 27.
My heart is sick with these intrigues. More confer
ences. I am forbidden to approve or disapprove. These
men do not realize that they are driving my husband into
physical and mental deterioration. William has not had
even a few days' rest and solitude since he came to the
castle. I dislike most of these visitors and dislike their
motives still more.
PRINCE DID NOT REALIZE KAISER'S FALL
Friday, November 7.
Today the documents conveying the Doorn house were
handed over to us. Considerable alterations will have to
be m#de and we are hoping t? move to our new place of
residence early in May. Am feeling slightly better.
^? f / .
Sunday, November 9.
Today being the revolution day it waa a gloomy day
for alL
Saturday, November 22.
It was a strenuous day for me as I spent hours with
my husband in smoothing over many disagreements with
our son. Perhaps my husband's unhappiness would be
lightened if I could prevail upon my son to realise what a
terrible blow fate has dealt to his father. May God listen
to my prayer and fill one with wisdom and the ether
with patience and tolerance.
IRRITABILITY DRIVES AWAY FRIENDS
Thursday, ^lovenober 27.
William's irritability and impatience will, I fear, cause
us the loss of all loyal friends. I do not approve General
Dammes' (chief of Kaiser's private cabinet?Ed.) re
placement by Baron Von Berg. Von Berg lives in the
fourteenth end fifteenth centuries. He is overbearing.
We do not need such men at this time.
Thursday, December 4.
William is feeling happy today in peace of mind. He
went out hunting with the Prince of Netherland, a kind
neighbor.
? ? I |
WILLIAM ROUSED BY TAX THREAT
e
Monday, December 8.
The Netherland decision to tax us has somewhat per
turbed William's peace of mind. Why should we object
to be taxed if we are to become inhabitants of this' land ?
At least, out of gratitude, we should be willing to pay
our just taxes.
I
A NOT HER interesting installment of
the notes and comments of the late
Kaiser in Augusta Victoria during the
period of her exile at Amerongen and
Doorn will appear in The Washington
Times next Sunday. As the diary shows
the ex-Empress daily grew more morose
and apparently felt keenly the harsh
treatment accorded to all about him by
the deposed Monarch William.

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