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CHAUNCEY DEPEW GIVES SOME INTERESTING ANECDOTES :
OF THE COURT OF ST. JAMES AND FORMER AMERICAN DIPLOMATS ENGLAND WELCOMED J. RUSSELL LOWELL WITH OPEN ARMS Edward J. Phelps Was Another Ambassador Who Met With Extraordinary Success, Says Raconteur, Who Terms Him One of America's Greatest Lawyers of lis lime?John Hay and Joseph H. Ornate Also Were Popular. By CHAUNCEY M. DEPEW. THE United States has always been admirably represented at the Court of St. James. I con sider it as a rare privilege and a delightful memory that I have known well these distinguished ambassadors and ministers who served during my time. James Russell Lowell met every requirement of the position, but more than that, his works had been read and admired in England before his appointment. Literary England welcomed him with open arms, and official England soon became impressed with his diplomatic ability. He was one of the finest after dinner speakers, and that brought him in contact with the best of English public life. He told me an amus ing instance. As soon as he was appointed, everybody who expected to meet him sent to the book stores and purchased his works. Among them, of course, was the "Biglow Papers." One lady a3ked him if he had brought Mrs. Biglow with him. , Edward J. Phelps was an extraordinary success. He was a great lawyer, and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States told me that there was no one who appeared before that court whose arguments were - more satisfactory and convincing than those of Mr. Phelps. At ons of his dinners, I bad * de lightful talk with Browning, the poet. Mr. Browning said that ' nothing gratified him bo much aa the popularity of hla works- in the United States. Ha waa especially, pleased and also embarrased by our Browning societies, of which there seemed to be a great many sver hers. They ssnt him papers which were read by members of ths societies, Interpreting his poems. These American friends discovered meanings which had never occurred to him, and were to him an entire ly novel view of his own produc tions. Hs also mentioned that every one sent him presents and souvenirs, all of them as appre ciations and some as suggestions and help. Among these were sev eral cases of American wine. Hs appreciated the purpose of the gifts, but the fluid did not appeal to him. fmprmBsing Shah of Persia He told me hs was a guest at sns time at the dinners given to ths Bhah of Persia. This monarch was a barbarian, but ths British foreign office had asked him and ex tended to him every possible cour tesy, because of ths straggle then going on as to. whsther Great Britain or Wanes or Russia should have the better part of Persia. Wanes and Russia had entertained htm with lavish military displays and other governments! functions, which a democratic country like Great Britain could not duplicate. Do the Foreign Office asked all who had great houses In London or In ths country, and were lavish enter talnsrs, to do everything t'.ey could for ths Bhah. Browning waa present at a great dinner given for the Shah at Staf ford Rouse, the home of the Duke of Sutherland, and the finest palace In London. Every guest was asked, In order to Impress the 8hah, to eon)* In all ths decorations to which they were entitled. The result was that the peers cams In their robes, which they otherwise would not have thought of wearing on such an occasion, and all others In the costumes of honor slgniflcent of their rank. Browning said he had received a degree at Oxford and that entitled him to a scarlet cloak. He wan so outrank&l. because the guests were placed according to rank, that he sat at the foot of the table. The Shah said to his host: "Who is that dlstlngulsed gentle man In the scarlet cloak at the other end of the table?" The host answered: "That Is one of our greatest poets." "That is no place for a poet," remarked the Shah; "bring him up here and let him sit next to me." So at the royal com mand the poet took the seat of honor. Thf Shah said to Browning: "I am mighty glad to have you near me, for I am a poet myself." It was at this dinner that Brown ing heard the Shah say to the Prince of Wales, who sat at the right of the Shah: "This Is a won ' derful palace. Is it royal?" The Prince answered: "No, it belongs to one of our great noblemen, the Duke of Sutherland." Well." said the Shah, "let me give you a point When one of my noblemen or sub jects gets rlcb enough to own a palace like this, I cut off his head and take his fortune." John Hay A \ try beautiful English lady told me that she was at Ferdinand Rothschild's, where the Shah was being entertained. In order to minimise h's acquisitive talents, the wonderful t-eamires of Mr. Roths child's houst had been hidden. The Shah asked for an Introduction to this lady and said to her: "Tou are the most beautiful woman I have seen since I have been In England. I must take you b <me with me." "But," she said, "Tour Majesty, I am married." "Well." he replied, "bring your husband along. When we get to Teheran, my capital, I will take care of him." During John Hay's term as FRIENDS OF GREAT AMERICAN RACONTEUR White l*w B?id. United States minister to Orwt Britain my visits to England war* very delightful. Hay was on* of the moat charming Aen In public life of hla period. He had won great success In Journalism, aa an author, and In public aervlce. At hla houa* In London one would meet almost everybody worth while In English literary, public and social lit*. During part of my term aa a Senator John Hay waa Secretary of State. To vlalt hla office and have a diacuaalon on current affair* waa an event to be remembered. He made a prediction, which waa the result of hla own dlfflcultlea with the Senate, that on account of the two-thtrda majority necessary for th* ratification of a treaty, no Im port*^ treaty aent to th* Senate by the Pr?aldent would ever again be ratified. Happily thia gloomy view haa not turned out to be en tirely correct. Revelation in Diplomacy Mr. Hay saved China In the set tlement of the Indemnities arising out of the Boxer trouble, from the greed of the great powers of Eu rope. One of hla greatest achleve menta waa In proclaiming the open door for China and securing the a<Hliileacenc* of ;he great powers. If was a bluff on hla part, because he never could have had th* active support of the United State*, but he made his proposition with a con fidence wblch carried the belief that he had no doubt on that sub Jeet. He waa fortunately dealing with governments who did not un derstand the United States and do not now. W'tth them, when a for eign mtntater makes a serious state ment of policy. It la understood that h* has behind him the whol* mili tary. naval and financial support of hla government But with ua It la a long road and a very rocky one, before action so serious, with con sequences so great, can receive th* approval of the war-making power In Congreaa. I called on Hay one morning Just as Casslnl, the Russian ambaaaa dor. was leaving. Casslnl was one of th* shrewdest and ablest of diplo mats In the Russian service. It was said that for twelve years he had got the better of all the delegations ~t Peking and controlled that ex traordinary rul*r of China, the dowager queen. Caaalnl told me that from hla Intimate assoclatlona with her he had formed the opinion that ahe was quite equal to Cather ine of Russia, whom he regarded aa th* greatest woman sovereign who ever lived. Hay aald to me: "J have Juat had * very long and very remarkable diacuaalon with Case Jul. Ha la a revelation In the way of ,aecr*t diplomacy. He brought to me the voluminous Instructions to him of his government on our open-door policy. After we had gone over them carefully, he cloaed hla port folio and, puahlng It aalde, aald: Queen Victoria. ?Now, Mr. Secrrtarv listen to ?Inl.' He Immediately presented an exactly oppoal'e volley from the one In the Instructions, and a policy entirely favorable to us, and ?aid: 'That Is what my govern ment will do.*" It was a gr?-at loss to Russian diplomacy when he died so early. Aa Senator I did all In vny power to bring about the appointment of Whltelaw Reld as ambassador to Oreat Britain. He and I had been friends ever since his beginning In Journalism In New York many yeara before. Reld was then the owner and editor of the New York Tribune, and one of the most bril liant Journalists In the country. He was also an excellent public speaker. His Iopjj and Intimate contact with public affairs ami intimacy with public men Ideally fitted him for the appointment. He had already K"rved with great credit as ambassador to France. The compensation of our repre senatlves abroad always has been and still Is entirely Inadequate to enable them to maintain. In com parison with the representatives of other governments, the d'tsnity of their own country. AH the other great powers at the principal capi tals maintain fine resldencee for their ambassadors, which also la the embassy. Our Congress, except within the last few years, has al ways refused to make this pro vision. The salary which we pay is scarcely ever more than one-third the amount paid bv European gov ernmenta In similar aervleo. I worked hard while in the Sen ate to improve this situation be cauae of my Intimate knowledge of the question. When T flrat be nan the effort I found there was a very strong belief that the whole foreign service was an unnecessary expenae. When Mr. Roosevelt first became Prae'dent, and I had to aee him frequently about diplomatic appointments, I learned that thia was hla view. He said to me: "This foreign business of the gov ernment. now that the cable la per fected, can be carried on between our State Department and the chancellery of any government in the world. Nevertheleaa. I am In favor of keeping up the diplomatic service. AH the old natlona have varloua methods of rewarding die tlngulshed public aervanta. The only one we have la the diplomatic service. Bo when I appoint a man ambaaaador or minlater, I believe that I am giving him a decoration, and the reason I change ambassa dors and ministers la that I want as many as pcealble ?o possess It." The longer Mr. Roosevelt re mained Preeld' nt. and the cloaer he came to our foreign relatione, the mora he appreciated the value of John Hay. the personal contact and lnttaMN* knowledge on the spot of an Ameri can ambassador or minister. Mr. field entertained more lavish ly and hoapiiably than any att\bas sudor in England ever had. both at his London house an-1 at his estate in the country. He appreciated the growing necessity to the peace of ?he world and the progress of civili zation of closed union of English speaking peoples. At his beauti ful and delightful entertainments Americans came In contact with Englishmen under conditions most favorable for the appreciation by each of the other. The charm of Mr. snd Mrs. Whltelaw Reld's hos pitality was so genuine, so cordial, and so universal, that to be their guest was an event for Americans visiting England. There la no cap ital In the world where hospitality counts for so much as In London, and no country where the house party brings people together under such favorable conditions. Both the city and the country home* of Mr. and Mrs. Reld were universities of International good-feeling. Mr. Reld. on the official aide, admirably rep resented his country and had the most Intimate relations with the governing power* of Great Britain. Choat?, the Audaciout i I recall with the keenest pleasure how much my old friend, Joseph H- Chuate, did to make each on* of my visits to London during his term full of the most charming and valuable recollections. Hie diners felt the magnetism of his presence, and he showed especial skill In hav ing. to meet his American guests, just the famous men in London life whom the American desired to know. Choate was a fine conversational ist, a wit and a humorist of a high order. His audacity won great tri umphs, but If exerclscd by a man less endowed would have brought him continuously into trouble. He had the faculty, the art, of so di recting conversation that at his en James Bussell Lowell. tertalnments everybody had ? good time, and an Invitation always was highly prised. He was appreciated moit highly by tho English bench and bar. They recognised him as the leader of his profession In the United States. They elected him a Bencher of the Middle Temple, the first American to receive that honor after ?n interval of one hun dred and fifty years. Choate's wit ticisms and repartees became the hoc la I currency of dinner-tables In London and week-end parties In the country. Choate paid little attention to conventionalities, which count for so much and are so rigidly an forced, especially In royal circles. 1 had frequently been at receptions, garden-parties, and other enter tainments at Buckingham Palace in the time of Queen Victoria and also of King Edward. At an evening reception the diplomats represent ing all the countries in the world stand in a solemn row, according to rank and length of service. They are covered with decorations and gold lace. The weight of the gold lace on some of the uniforms of the minor powers Is as great as if It were a coat of armor. Mr. Choate. under regulations of our diplomatic service, could only ap pear In an ordinary dress suit. |"paralyzingthe CofJ La While the diplomats stand In solemn array, the king and queen go along the llna and greet each one with appropriate remarks. No body but an ambassador and minis ter geta into that brilliant circle. On one occasion Mr. Choate saw me standing with the other guests out side the charmed circle and Imme diately left the diplomats, came to ma. and said: "I am sure you would like to have a taHc with the queen." He went up to Her Majesty, stated the case and who I was, and the proposition was most graciously re ceived. I think the royalists were pleased to have a break In the formal etiquette. Mr. Choate treat ed the occasion, so far as I was con cerned. as If it had been a reception In New York or Salem, and a dis tinguished guest wanted to meet the hosts. The gold-laced and be jewelled snd highly decorated dip lomatic ctrrle was paralysed. Mr. Choate'a delightful personal ity and original conversational pow ers made him a favorite guest everywhere, but he also carried to the p'atform the distinction which had won for him the reputation of beln gone of the finest orators in the United States. Choate asked at one time when I was almost nightly making speeches at some entertainment: "How do you do ItT" I told him 1 was risk ing whatever reputation I had on account of very limited preparation, that I did not let these speeches in terfere at all with mv business, but that they were all prepared after I had arrived home from my office l*t<> in the afternoon. Sometimes they came easy. and I readied the ? dinner In time; at other times they were more difficult, and I did not arrive till the (peaking had begun. Then he said: "I enjoy making theee after-dinner addresses more than any other work. It U a perfect *? light for me to apoak to aach an audience, but I have not the gift of quick and eaay preparation. I accept comparatively few of the constant Invitation* I receive, be cause when I have to make auch a speech I take a corner In the car in the morning going to my office, ex clude all the Intruding public with a newapaper and think all the way down. I continue the name process on my way home In the evening, and It takes about three days of thla absorption and ezclualveneaa, with some time In the evenlnga, to get an address with which I am satisfied." The delicious humor of theee ef forts of Mr. Choate and the wonder ful way In which he could expose a current deluelon. or what he thought was one, and prodrce an Impression not only on his audience but on the whole community, when his speech was printed In the news papers. was a kind of effort which necessarily required preparation. In all ths many times I heard him. both at home and abroad, he never had a failure and sometimes made a sensation. An Arkansas Experience Among the many Interesting characters whom I met on ship board was Emory Storrs, a famous Chicago lawyer. Storrs was a geni us of rare talent as an advocator. He also on occasions would make a most successful speech, but his ef forts were unequal. At one session of the National Bar Association he carried off all the honors at their banquet. Of course, they wanted him the next year, but then he failed entirely to meet their ex pectations. Storrs was one of the most successful advocates at the criminal bar. especia'ly In murder cases. He rarely failed to get an acquittal for his client. He told me many Interesting stories of his ex periences. He had a wide circuit, owing to his reputation, and tried cases far distant from home. I remember one of his experi ences In an out-of-the-way county of Arkansas The hotel where they all stopped was very primitive, and he had the same table with the 1ud*e. The most attractive offer for breakfast by the land'ady was buckwheat cokes. She appeared with a lug of molasses and said to the Judge: "Will you have a trickle or a dab?" The Judge answered: "A dab." She then ran her f'naers nround the Jug and slapped a huge amount of molasses on the Judge's cakes. Storrs said: "I think I pre fer a trickle." Whereupon she dipned her fingers again In the Jug end let the drops fall from them on Storrs* cakes. The landlady was disappointed because her cakes were unnomilar with such distin guished gentlemen. Once Sforrs wns going abroad on the same ship with me on a sort of seml-dlplomatle mission. He was deeply read In English literature and. as far as a stranger could be, familiar with ?he placea made fa mous In English and foreign classics. He was one of the factors, as chairman of the I'llnols delegation, of the conditions which made possi ble the nomination of Garfield and Arthur. In the following Presi dential campaign he took an active and very useful part. Then he brought all the Influences that he could use. and they were many, to bear upon President Arthur, to make him Attorney-General. Arthur was a strict formalist and could not tolerate the thought of having such an eccentric genius !n his Cab'net. Sforrs was not only disappointed hut hurt that Arthur declined to appoint him. To make him happy his rich clients?and be had many of then , ?raised a handsome puree and urged him to make a European trip. Than the Prealdent added to the pleaaure of his Journey by fly ins him an appointment as s sort of roving diplomat, with speeisi duties relating to the acute trouble then existing In regard to the ad mission of American cattle Into , Great Britain. They were barred because of a supposed Infectious disease. New Necktie Every Day f Storrs' weakness was necktie*. Ho told me that he had three hun dred and sixty-five, a new one for every day. He would come on deck every morning, display his fresh necktie, and receive a compliment upon its color and appropriateness, and then take from his pocket a huge waterproof envelope. From this he would unroll his parchment appointment as a diplomat, and the letters he had to almost every one of distinction in Europe. On the last day, going through the same ceremony, he said to me: "I am not showing you these things out of vanity, but to Impress upon you the one thing I most want to accom plish In London. I desire to compel James Russell Lowell, our minister, to give mo a dinner." Probably no man in the won if could be selected so antipathetic to Lowell is Emory Storrs. Mr. Lowell told me that he was snnoyed that> the President should have sent an Interloper to meddle with negotia tions which he had In successful progress to a satisfactory conclu sion. 60 he invited Storrs to din ner, and then Storrs took no fur ther Interest in his diplomatic mis sion. Mr. Lowell told me that he asked Storrs to name whoever he wanted to Invite. He supposed from hi* general analysis of the man that Storrs would want the entire royal family. He was delighted to find that the selection was confined en tirely to authors, artists and scien tists. On my return trip Mr. Storrs was again a fellow passenger. He was very enthusiastic over the places of historic Interest he hWd visited, and eloquent and graphic In descrip tions of them and of his own In tense .feelings when he came in contact with things he had dreamt of most of hl?, life. t An Object of Interest "But," he said. "I will tell you of my greatest adventure. I was lr? the picture gallery at Dresden, an'! !n that small room where hangs Raphael's 'Madonna.' I was stand ing before this wonderful master Plcce of divine inspiration when I felt the room crowded. I discovered (hat the visitors were all Ameri cans and all looking at me. I said to them: 'Ladles and gentlemen, yti j are here in the presence of the most wonderful picture ever paint ed. If you study it. you can se? that there is little doubt but with all his genius Raphael in this work had Inspiration from above, and yet you, as Americans. Instead of availing yourselves of the rarest of opportunities, have your eye* bent on me. I am only a Chicago lawyer waring a Chicago-mad* suit of clothes." ' "A gentleman stopped forward and said: 'Mr. Storrs, on behalf of your countrymen and country wom en present. I wish to say that you are of more Interest to us than all the works of Raphsel put togethef. because we understand that James 1 Russell Lowell, United States Mln Ister to Great Britain, gave you a' dinner." r"prrtsht. t?Sl. by Chtrlo Srrtbn^fs Rons Published by am?BS*tn*rt with the Whe?l?r Syndicate. Isc. Another Denew Sforv will be prin**d in The Washington Times next Sunday. World's Greatest Card Sharper, Peoeiless, Commits Suicide PARIS. Oct. M. ONB of the moat picturesque figures In the world of crime has come to an un timely end -In Paris through sui cide. Andre Ardlnson was his name, and In the heyday of his ca rver he could lay claim to being the cleverest cardsharper ever known. Ardlsa?n was a Frenchman who started on his life of crime with the advantage of a first-class edu cation and an Influential family, which went a long way toward As sisting him to mix in a class of people where cheating at oards would never be dreamed of. The courtly manners and gentlemanly appearance, which were his by right of birth, clung to him through'all the years when he hsd become a prince of swlndlsrs, and railed solely on his wits tor a liv ing. Some thirty-odd years ago. when IT* m hi In* at the French and Bel glum holiday resorts was a good deal more sensational than It la to day, Ardfsson was at the height of his prosperity. Accompanied by a couple of attractive young women, whom he called his slaters, ho would arrive at places like Monte Carlo, Nice, Cannea or Blarrlts, and take up his quarters at the most expensive hotel in the plac*-. The local casino would be the first place visited, where Andre would cast a professional eye around, and direct hla "sisters" to begin their business of decoy ing the fly Into the web. Ardls son and his "sisters" used to in dulge In a little play themselves without attempting to do any cheating Inside the casino. Al though visitor* to theae places take It la turn to hold the bank at both baccarat and c hem In-de fer, cheating would have been almost Impossible with so many onlookers. It waa at a later ?tag* of his career, when he had become so marvelously adept with a pack of cards that he could tell practically every card that he had dealt, that Ardlseon be came daring enough to cheat In the caalnoa of Monte Carlo and Cannes with hundreds of people watching him. SUPPLIED CHAMPAGNE. While he was nerving hie ap prenticeship. If It may so be called, he contented himself with using his beautiful "sisters" to entice wealthy young men to his hotel suite, where perhaps a party of ieven or eight, which Included the ArdUson family, would alt down at night to a game of baccarat. What between an unending supply of cham pagne and the Mademoiselles Ar dlsion urging them on, It was not long before the guests were betting thousands of francs at a time against the hank. Even In ' those days Ardlsson waa skillful enough to desl hlmwtf tho card he wanted, and It was very rare ly, Indeed. when a big "bank" was In the balance that Ardlsson was not the winner. Somewhere about the year 189? he became Involved In a tremend ous scandal In Biarritz over the rooking of a wealthy young French Comte, who had not long succeeded to an Inheritance worth >2.000.000. The Comte had known Ardlsson when they were both csdets st the Military Academy of St. Cyr, and never for a moment dreamt that his old-time brother officer had become a profession *1 card sharper. He had known that Ardls son had gambled away the money left him by his parents, and on meeting him at Blarrlts expressed " great surprise. Ardlsson told the Comte that he had married money, and for the occmIob the two beautiful "sis tsrs" became his wife and sister in-law respsctivsly. It was mild that the Comte be rime so madly Infatuated with Ardlsson's sister-in-law that he tost all control over himself, and waa ready to gamble his last penny at her bidding. Ardlsson does not seem to have had any scruples about robbing his old schoolfellow, and with the help of his two si rens he relieved the Comte of some thing like $500,000 before the lat ter's Incensed trustees came down from Paris and put the matter In the hands of the police. Put by the time the local gendormerle were ready for action Ardisson and hla lady friends had flown. FLEECED PRUSSIAN PRINCE. Ardlsson was wont to boast that it was on the Riviera he used to find so many of his clients, as he humorously termed them. * > On one occasion he actually suc ceeded In enticing one of the Prus slan Royal family to a game of chemln-de-fer, which ended by the Oerman princeling parting with something like 150,000 before he came to the conclusion that he was In the hands of a wonderfully clever Rang of cardsharpera. When the prince wanted to go Ardlsson asked him If he would not like his revenge at aome future date. The German retorted by throwing a glass of champagne In the card sharper's face, and left the hotel In a towering rage, probably con cluding that he had loat hla money and would hear no more of It. Next morning an extremely un pleasant shock awaited him, when he was called upon by a French man, who said that he represented hla friend, Monsieur Andre Ardla son, and was authorized to chal lenge the prince to a duel! What would have happened had the challenge been persisted In la dif ficult to aay. The prince waa ? flrat rate swordsman and had b*?n concerned In many dueling epi sode* in his younger days, but to cross swords with a cardsharpcr or even to be associated In any Incident that would have been tho talk of the whole Riviera, was an utter Impossibility. So he allowed discretion to overrule valor, and went hack to Germany the same night, not before, however, Riving the police a hint as to who* had happened. In consequence. Ardla son was told to rlear out and not show himself in the town again. P08ING AS COUNT. One way and another Ardlason became so well known to the po lice of England. France, Germany, Belgium, and Spain that when he was found staying at hotels pat ronised by wealthy visitors the management were warned and Ardisson would be ordered to take hla departure forthwith. This limited hla opportunities for working big ?cups, and ulti mately brought about the aeries of daring frauda which he contrlve.1 to work at some of the well known casino*. How thla waa done Is a romance In Itaelf. < Among other things. Ardlssor Invented a chemln-de-fer "slipper " by which he was enabled to P??f almost any card out of the "shoe" to a player When Ardlsson. then close on sixty years of ace. came back from the famous penal settlement In l?o?, he was a broken and pfn nlleett man. For a year or two ihf once-famous crlm'nal tried to earn a living at his old game of card sharping, but without sur-cei" Two or three times he fell Into th* hands of the police on mine charges, and eventually finished up his days as n tout for son>e of the duhloua night houses of Moti martre. He has .hurt died nt e^ixf* eight years of ag<\ having poe?IM? handled as much money a? any criminal the world has known.