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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, October 29, 1922, SUNDAY MORNING, Image 30

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CHAUNCEY DEPEW GIVES SOME INTERESTING ANECDOTES :
OF THE COURT OF ST. JAMES AND FORMER AMERICAN DIPLOMATS
ENGLAND WELCOMED
J. RUSSELL LOWELL
WITH OPEN ARMS
Edward J. Phelps Was Another Ambassador
Who Met With Extraordinary Success, Says
Raconteur, Who Terms Him One of America's
Greatest Lawyers of lis lime?John Hay
and Joseph H. Ornate Also Were Popular.
By CHAUNCEY M. DEPEW.
THE United States has always been admirably
represented at the Court of St. James. I con
sider it as a rare privilege and a delightful
memory that I have known well these distinguished
ambassadors and ministers who served during my
time.
James Russell Lowell met every requirement of the
position, but more than that, his works had been read
and admired in England before his appointment.
Literary England welcomed him with open arms, and
official England soon became impressed with his
diplomatic ability. He was one of the finest after
dinner speakers, and that brought him in contact with
the best of English public life. He told me an amus
ing instance. As soon as he was appointed, everybody
who expected to meet him sent to the book stores and
purchased his works. Among them, of course, was the
"Biglow Papers." One lady a3ked him if he had
brought Mrs. Biglow with him. ,
Edward J. Phelps was an extraordinary success.
He was a great lawyer, and the Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court of the United States told me that there
was no one who appeared before that court whose
arguments were - more satisfactory and convincing
than those of Mr. Phelps.
At ons of his dinners, I bad * de
lightful talk with Browning, the
poet. Mr. Browning said that
' nothing gratified him bo much aa
the popularity of hla works- in the
United States. Ha waa especially,
pleased and also embarrased by
our Browning societies, of which
there seemed to be a great many
sver hers. They ssnt him papers
which were read by members of ths
societies, Interpreting his poems.
These American friends discovered
meanings which had never occurred
to him, and were to him an entire
ly novel view of his own produc
tions. Hs also mentioned that
every one sent him presents and
souvenirs, all of them as appre
ciations and some as suggestions
and help. Among these were sev
eral cases of American wine. Hs
appreciated the purpose of the gifts,
but the fluid did not appeal to him.
fmprmBsing Shah of Persia
He told me hs was a guest at
sns time at the dinners given to
ths Bhah of Persia. This monarch
was a barbarian, but ths British
foreign office had asked him and ex
tended to him every possible cour
tesy, because of ths straggle then
going on as to. whsther Great
Britain or Wanes or Russia should
have the better part of Persia.
Wanes and Russia had entertained
htm with lavish military displays
and other governments! functions,
which a democratic country like
Great Britain could not duplicate.
Do the Foreign Office asked all who
had great houses In London or In
ths country, and were lavish enter
talnsrs, to do everything t'.ey could
for ths Bhah.
Browning waa present at a great
dinner given for the Shah at Staf
ford Rouse, the home of the Duke
of Sutherland, and the finest palace
In London. Every guest was asked,
In order to Impress the 8hah, to
eon)* In all ths decorations to which
they were entitled. The result was
that the peers cams In their robes,
which they otherwise would not
have thought of wearing on such
an occasion, and all others In the
costumes of honor slgniflcent of
their rank. Browning said he had
received a degree at Oxford and
that entitled him to a scarlet cloak.
He wan so outrank&l. because the
guests were placed according to
rank, that he sat at the foot of the
table. The Shah said to his host:
"Who is that dlstlngulsed gentle
man In the scarlet cloak at the
other end of the table?" The host
answered: "That Is one of our
greatest poets." "That is no place
for a poet," remarked the Shah;
"bring him up here and let him sit
next to me." So at the royal com
mand the poet took the seat of
honor. Thf Shah said to Browning:
"I am mighty glad to have you
near me, for I am a poet myself."
It was at this dinner that Brown
ing heard the Shah say to the
Prince of Wales, who sat at the
right of the Shah: "This Is a won
' derful palace. Is it royal?" The
Prince answered: "No, it belongs
to one of our great noblemen, the
Duke of Sutherland." Well." said
the Shah, "let me give you a point
When one of my noblemen or sub
jects gets rlcb enough to own a
palace like this, I cut off his head
and take his fortune."
John Hay
A \ try beautiful English lady
told me that she was at Ferdinand
Rothschild's, where the Shah was
being entertained. In order to
minimise h's acquisitive talents, the
wonderful t-eamires of Mr. Roths
child's houst had been hidden. The
Shah asked for an Introduction to
this lady and said to her: "Tou are
the most beautiful woman I have
seen since I have been In England.
I must take you b <me with me."
"But," she said, "Tour Majesty, I
am married." "Well." he replied,
"bring your husband along. When
we get to Teheran, my capital, I
will take care of him."
During John Hay's term as
FRIENDS OF GREAT AMERICAN RACONTEUR
White l*w B?id.
United States minister to Orwt
Britain my visits to England war*
very delightful. Hay was on* of the
moat charming Aen In public life
of hla period. He had won great
success In Journalism, aa an author,
and In public aervlce. At hla houa*
In London one would meet almost
everybody worth while In English
literary, public and social lit*.
During part of my term aa a
Senator John Hay waa Secretary of
State. To vlalt hla office and have
a diacuaalon on current affair* waa
an event to be remembered. He
made a prediction, which waa the
result of hla own dlfflcultlea with
the Senate, that on account of the
two-thtrda majority necessary for
th* ratification of a treaty, no Im
port*^ treaty aent to th* Senate
by the Pr?aldent would ever again
be ratified. Happily thia gloomy
view haa not turned out to be en
tirely correct.
Revelation in Diplomacy
Mr. Hay saved China In the set
tlement of the Indemnities arising
out of the Boxer trouble, from the
greed of the great powers of Eu
rope. One of hla greatest achleve
menta waa In proclaiming the open
door for China and securing the
a<Hliileacenc* of ;he great powers.
If was a bluff on hla part, because
he never could have had th* active
support of the United State*, but
he made his proposition with a con
fidence wblch carried the belief
that he had no doubt on that sub
Jeet. He waa fortunately dealing
with governments who did not un
derstand the United States and do
not now. W'tth them, when a for
eign mtntater makes a serious state
ment of policy. It la understood that
h* has behind him the whol* mili
tary. naval and financial support of
hla government But with ua It la
a long road and a very rocky one,
before action so serious, with con
sequences so great, can receive th*
approval of the war-making power
In Congreaa.
I called on Hay one morning Just
as Casslnl, the Russian ambaaaa
dor. was leaving. Casslnl was one
of th* shrewdest and ablest of diplo
mats In the Russian service. It was
said that for twelve years he had
got the better of all the delegations
~t Peking and controlled that ex
traordinary rul*r of China, the
dowager queen. Caaalnl told me
that from hla Intimate assoclatlona
with her he had formed the opinion
that ahe was quite equal to Cather
ine of Russia, whom he regarded aa
th* greatest woman sovereign who
ever lived.
Hay aald to me: "J have Juat had
* very long and very remarkable
diacuaalon with Case Jul. Ha la a
revelation In the way of ,aecr*t
diplomacy. He brought to me the
voluminous Instructions to him of
his government on our open-door
policy. After we had gone over
them carefully, he cloaed hla port
folio and, puahlng It aalde, aald:
Queen Victoria.
?Now, Mr. Secrrtarv listen to
?Inl.' He Immediately presented an
exactly oppoal'e volley from the
one In the Instructions, and a
policy entirely favorable to us, and
?aid: 'That Is what my govern
ment will do.*" It was a gr?-at
loss to Russian diplomacy when he
died so early.
Aa Senator I did all In vny power
to bring about the appointment of
Whltelaw Reld as ambassador to
Oreat Britain. He and I had been
friends ever since his beginning In
Journalism In New York many
yeara before. Reld was then the
owner and editor of the New York
Tribune, and one of the most bril
liant Journalists In the country.
He was also an excellent public
speaker. His Iopjj and Intimate
contact with public affairs ami
intimacy with public men Ideally
fitted him for the appointment.
He had already K"rved with great
credit as ambassador to France.
The compensation of our repre
senatlves abroad always has been
and still Is entirely Inadequate to
enable them to maintain. In com
parison with the representatives of
other governments, the d'tsnity of
their own country. AH the other
great powers at the principal capi
tals maintain fine resldencee for
their ambassadors, which also la
the embassy. Our Congress, except
within the last few years, has al
ways refused to make this pro
vision. The salary which we pay is
scarcely ever more than one-third
the amount paid bv European gov
ernmenta In similar aervleo.
I worked hard while in the Sen
ate to improve this situation be
cauae of my Intimate knowledge
of the question. When T flrat be
nan the effort I found there was a
very strong belief that the whole
foreign service was an unnecessary
expenae. When Mr. Roosevelt first
became Prae'dent, and I had to aee
him frequently about diplomatic
appointments, I learned that thia
was hla view. He said to me:
"This foreign business of the gov
ernment. now that the cable la per
fected, can be carried on between
our State Department and the
chancellery of any government in
the world. Nevertheleaa. I am In
favor of keeping up the diplomatic
service. AH the old natlona have
varloua methods of rewarding die
tlngulshed public aervanta. The
only one we have la the diplomatic
service. Bo when I appoint a man
ambaaaador or minlater, I believe
that I am giving him a decoration,
and the reason I change ambassa
dors and ministers la that I want
as many as pcealble ?o possess It."
The longer Mr. Roosevelt re
mained Preeld' nt. and the cloaer he
came to our foreign relatione, the
mora he appreciated the value of
John Hay.
the personal contact and lnttaMN*
knowledge on the spot of an Ameri
can ambassador or minister.
Mr. field entertained more lavish
ly and hoapiiably than any att\bas
sudor in England ever had. both at
his London house an-1 at his estate
in the country. He appreciated the
growing necessity to the peace of
?he world and the progress of civili
zation of closed union of English
speaking peoples. At his beauti
ful and delightful entertainments
Americans came In contact with
Englishmen under conditions most
favorable for the appreciation by
each of the other. The charm of
Mr. snd Mrs. Whltelaw Reld's hos
pitality was so genuine, so cordial,
and so universal, that to be their
guest was an event for Americans
visiting England. There la no cap
ital In the world where hospitality
counts for so much as In London,
and no country where the house
party brings people together under
such favorable conditions. Both the
city and the country home* of Mr.
and Mrs. Reld were universities of
International good-feeling. Mr. Reld.
on the official aide, admirably rep
resented his country and had the
most Intimate relations with the
governing power* of Great Britain.
Choat?, the Audaciout
i
I recall with the keenest pleasure
how much my old friend, Joseph
H- Chuate, did to make each on* of
my visits to London during his
term full of the most charming and
valuable recollections. Hie diners
felt the magnetism of his presence,
and he showed especial skill In hav
ing. to meet his American guests,
just the famous men in London
life whom the American desired to
know.
Choate was a fine conversational
ist, a wit and a humorist of a high
order. His audacity won great tri
umphs, but If exerclscd by a man
less endowed would have brought
him continuously into trouble. He
had the faculty, the art, of so di
recting conversation that at his en
James Bussell Lowell.
tertalnments everybody had ? good
time, and an Invitation always was
highly prised. He was appreciated
moit highly by tho English bench
and bar. They recognised him as
the leader of his profession In the
United States. They elected him a
Bencher of the Middle Temple, the
first American to receive that
honor after ?n interval of one hun
dred and fifty years. Choate's wit
ticisms and repartees became the
hoc la I currency of dinner-tables In
London and week-end parties In
the country.
Choate paid little attention to
conventionalities, which count for
so much and are so rigidly an
forced, especially In royal circles.
1 had frequently been at receptions,
garden-parties, and other enter
tainments at Buckingham Palace in
the time of Queen Victoria and also
of King Edward. At an evening
reception the diplomats represent
ing all the countries in the world
stand in a solemn row, according to
rank and length of service. They
are covered with decorations and
gold lace. The weight of the gold
lace on some of the uniforms of
the minor powers Is as great as if
It were a coat of armor. Mr.
Choate. under regulations of our
diplomatic service, could only ap
pear In an ordinary dress suit.
|"paralyzingthe CofJ La
While the diplomats stand In
solemn array, the king and queen
go along the llna and greet each
one with appropriate remarks. No
body but an ambassador and minis
ter geta into that brilliant circle.
On one occasion Mr. Choate saw me
standing with the other guests out
side the charmed circle and Imme
diately left the diplomats, came to
ma. and said: "I am sure you would
like to have a taHc with the queen."
He went up to Her Majesty, stated
the case and who I was, and the
proposition was most graciously re
ceived. I think the royalists were
pleased to have a break In the
formal etiquette. Mr. Choate treat
ed the occasion, so far as I was con
cerned. as If it had been a reception
In New York or Salem, and a dis
tinguished guest wanted to meet
the hosts. The gold-laced and be
jewelled snd highly decorated dip
lomatic ctrrle was paralysed.
Mr. Choate'a delightful personal
ity and original conversational pow
ers made him a favorite guest
everywhere, but he also carried to
the p'atform the distinction which
had won for him the reputation of
beln gone of the finest orators in
the United States.
Choate asked at one time when I
was almost nightly making speeches
at some entertainment: "How do
you do ItT" I told him 1 was risk
ing whatever reputation I had on
account of very limited preparation,
that I did not let these speeches in
terfere at all with mv business, but
that they were all prepared after I
had arrived home from my office
l*t<> in the afternoon. Sometimes
they came easy. and I readied the ?
dinner In time; at other times they
were more difficult, and I did not
arrive till the (peaking had begun.
Then he said: "I enjoy making theee
after-dinner addresses more than
any other work. It U a perfect *?
light for me to apoak to aach an
audience, but I have not the gift
of quick and eaay preparation. I
accept comparatively few of the
constant Invitation* I receive, be
cause when I have to make auch a
speech I take a corner In the car in
the morning going to my office, ex
clude all the Intruding public with
a newapaper and think all the way
down. I continue the name process
on my way home In the evening,
and It takes about three days of
thla absorption and ezclualveneaa,
with some time In the evenlnga, to
get an address with which I am
satisfied."
The delicious humor of theee ef
forts of Mr. Choate and the wonder
ful way In which he could expose
a current deluelon. or what he
thought was one, and prodrce an
Impression not only on his audience
but on the whole community, when
his speech was printed In the news
papers. was a kind of effort which
necessarily required preparation. In
all ths many times I heard him.
both at home and abroad, he never
had a failure and sometimes made
a sensation.
An Arkansas Experience
Among the many Interesting
characters whom I met on ship
board was Emory Storrs, a famous
Chicago lawyer. Storrs was a geni
us of rare talent as an advocator.
He also on occasions would make a
most successful speech, but his ef
forts were unequal. At one session
of the National Bar Association he
carried off all the honors at their
banquet. Of course, they wanted
him the next year, but then he
failed entirely to meet their ex
pectations. Storrs was one of the
most successful advocates at the
criminal bar. especia'ly In murder
cases. He rarely failed to get an
acquittal for his client. He told me
many Interesting stories of his ex
periences. He had a wide circuit,
owing to his reputation, and tried
cases far distant from home.
I remember one of his experi
ences In an out-of-the-way county
of Arkansas The hotel where they
all stopped was very primitive, and
he had the same table with the
1ud*e. The most attractive offer
for breakfast by the land'ady was
buckwheat cokes. She appeared
with a lug of molasses and said to
the Judge: "Will you have a trickle
or a dab?" The Judge answered:
"A dab." She then ran her f'naers
nround the Jug and slapped a huge
amount of molasses on the Judge's
cakes. Storrs said: "I think I pre
fer a trickle." Whereupon she
dipned her fingers again In the Jug
end let the drops fall from them on
Storrs* cakes. The landlady was
disappointed because her cakes
were unnomilar with such distin
guished gentlemen.
Once Sforrs wns going abroad on
the same ship with me on a sort of
seml-dlplomatle mission. He was
deeply read In English literature
and. as far as a stranger could be,
familiar with ?he placea made fa
mous In English and foreign
classics.
He was one of the factors, as
chairman of the I'llnols delegation,
of the conditions which made possi
ble the nomination of Garfield and
Arthur. In the following Presi
dential campaign he took an active
and very useful part. Then he
brought all the Influences that he
could use. and they were many, to
bear upon President Arthur, to
make him Attorney-General. Arthur
was a strict formalist and could not
tolerate the thought of having such
an eccentric genius !n his Cab'net.
Sforrs was not only disappointed
hut hurt that Arthur declined to
appoint him.
To make him happy his rich
clients?and be had many of then
, ?raised a handsome puree and
urged him to make a European
trip. Than the Prealdent added to
the pleaaure of his Journey by fly
ins him an appointment as s sort
of roving diplomat, with speeisi
duties relating to the acute trouble
then existing In regard to the ad
mission of American cattle Into
, Great Britain. They were barred
because of a supposed Infectious
disease.
New Necktie Every Day f
Storrs' weakness was necktie*.
Ho told me that he had three hun
dred and sixty-five, a new one for
every day. He would come on deck
every morning, display his fresh
necktie, and receive a compliment
upon its color and appropriateness,
and then take from his pocket a
huge waterproof envelope. From
this he would unroll his parchment
appointment as a diplomat, and the
letters he had to almost every one
of distinction in Europe. On the
last day, going through the same
ceremony, he said to me: "I am not
showing you these things out of
vanity, but to Impress upon you the
one thing I most want to accom
plish In London. I desire to compel
James Russell Lowell, our minister,
to give mo a dinner."
Probably no man in the won if
could be selected so antipathetic to
Lowell is Emory Storrs. Mr. Lowell
told me that he was snnoyed that>
the President should have sent an
Interloper to meddle with negotia
tions which he had In successful
progress to a satisfactory conclu
sion. 60 he invited Storrs to din
ner, and then Storrs took no fur
ther Interest in his diplomatic mis
sion.
Mr. Lowell told me that he asked
Storrs to name whoever he wanted
to Invite. He supposed from hi*
general analysis of the man that
Storrs would want the entire royal
family. He was delighted to find
that the selection was confined en
tirely to authors, artists and scien
tists.
On my return trip Mr. Storrs was
again a fellow passenger. He was
very enthusiastic over the places of
historic Interest he hWd visited, and
eloquent and graphic In descrip
tions of them and of his own In
tense .feelings when he came in
contact with things he had dreamt
of most of hl?, life. t
An Object of Interest
"But," he said. "I will tell you of
my greatest adventure. I was lr?
the picture gallery at Dresden, an'!
!n that small room where hangs
Raphael's 'Madonna.' I was stand
ing before this wonderful master
Plcce of divine inspiration when I
felt the room crowded. I discovered
(hat the visitors were all Ameri
cans and all looking at me. I said
to them: 'Ladles and gentlemen,
yti j are here in the presence of the
most wonderful picture ever paint
ed. If you study it. you can se?
that there is little doubt but with
all his genius Raphael in this work
had Inspiration from above, and
yet you, as Americans. Instead of
availing yourselves of the rarest
of opportunities, have your eye*
bent on me. I am only a Chicago
lawyer waring a Chicago-mad*
suit of clothes." '
"A gentleman stopped forward
and said: 'Mr. Storrs, on behalf of
your countrymen and country wom
en present. I wish to say that you
are of more Interest to us than all
the works of Raphsel put togethef.
because we understand that James 1
Russell Lowell, United States Mln
Ister to Great Britain, gave you a'
dinner."
r"prrtsht. t?Sl. by Chtrlo Srrtbn^fs
Rons Published by am?BS*tn*rt
with the Whe?l?r Syndicate.
Isc.
Another Denew Sforv
will be prin**d in The
Washington Times next
Sunday.
World's Greatest Card Sharper, Peoeiless, Commits Suicide
PARIS. Oct. M.
ONB of the moat picturesque
figures In the world of
crime has come to an un
timely end -In Paris through sui
cide. Andre Ardlnson was his
name, and In the heyday of his ca
rver he could lay claim to being
the cleverest cardsharper ever
known.
Ardlsa?n was a Frenchman who
started on his life of crime with
the advantage of a first-class edu
cation and an Influential family,
which went a long way toward As
sisting him to mix in a class of
people where cheating at oards
would never be dreamed of. The
courtly manners and gentlemanly
appearance, which were his by
right of birth, clung to him
through'all the years when he hsd
become a prince of swlndlsrs, and
railed solely on his wits tor a liv
ing.
Some thirty-odd years ago. when
IT* m hi In* at the French and Bel
glum holiday resorts was a good
deal more sensational than It la to
day, Ardfsson was at the height of
his prosperity. Accompanied by a
couple of attractive young women,
whom he called his slaters, ho
would arrive at places like Monte
Carlo, Nice, Cannea or Blarrlts,
and take up his quarters at the
most expensive hotel in the plac*-.
The local casino would be the
first place visited, where Andre
would cast a professional eye
around, and direct hla "sisters"
to begin their business of decoy
ing the fly Into the web. Ardls
son and his "sisters" used to in
dulge In a little play themselves
without attempting to do any
cheating Inside the casino. Al
though visitor* to theae places
take It la turn to hold the bank
at both baccarat and c hem In-de
fer, cheating would have been
almost Impossible with so many
onlookers. It waa at a later
?tag* of his career, when he had
become so marvelously adept with
a pack of cards that he could
tell practically every card that
he had dealt, that Ardlseon be
came daring enough to cheat In
the caalnoa of Monte Carlo and
Cannes with hundreds of people
watching him.
SUPPLIED CHAMPAGNE.
While he was nerving hie ap
prenticeship. If It may so be
called, he contented himself with
using his beautiful "sisters" to
entice wealthy young men to
his hotel suite, where perhaps a
party of ieven or eight, which
Included the ArdUson family,
would alt down at night to a
game of baccarat. What between
an unending supply of cham
pagne and the Mademoiselles Ar
dlsion urging them on, It was
not long before the guests were
betting thousands of francs at a
time against the hank. Even In
' those days Ardlsson waa skillful
enough to desl hlmwtf tho card
he wanted, and It was very rare
ly, Indeed. when a big "bank" was
In the balance that Ardlsson was
not the winner.
Somewhere about the year 189?
he became Involved In a tremend
ous scandal In Biarritz over the
rooking of a wealthy young French
Comte, who had not long succeeded
to an Inheritance worth >2.000.000.
The Comte had known Ardlsson
when they were both csdets st
the Military Academy of St. Cyr,
and never for a moment dreamt
that his old-time brother officer
had become a profession *1 card
sharper. He had known that Ardls
son had gambled away the money
left him by his parents, and on
meeting him at Blarrlts expressed
" great surprise.
Ardlsson told the Comte that he
had married money, and for the
occmIob the two beautiful "sis
tsrs" became his wife and sister
in-law respsctivsly.
It was mild that the Comte be
rime so madly Infatuated with
Ardlsson's sister-in-law that he tost
all control over himself, and waa
ready to gamble his last penny
at her bidding. Ardlsson does not
seem to have had any scruples
about robbing his old schoolfellow,
and with the help of his two si
rens he relieved the Comte of some
thing like $500,000 before the lat
ter's Incensed trustees came down
from Paris and put the matter In
the hands of the police. Put by
the time the local gendormerle
were ready for action Ardisson and
hla lady friends had flown.
FLEECED PRUSSIAN PRINCE.
Ardlsson was wont to boast that
it was on the Riviera he used to
find so many of his clients, as he
humorously termed them. * >
On one occasion he actually suc
ceeded In enticing one of the Prus
slan Royal family to a game of
chemln-de-fer, which ended by the
Oerman princeling parting with
something like 150,000 before he
came to the conclusion that he was
In the hands of a wonderfully
clever Rang of cardsharpera. When
the prince wanted to go Ardlsson
asked him If he would not like
his revenge at aome future date.
The German retorted by throwing
a glass of champagne In the card
sharper's face, and left the hotel
In a towering rage, probably con
cluding that he had loat hla money
and would hear no more of It.
Next morning an extremely un
pleasant shock awaited him, when
he was called upon by a French
man, who said that he represented
hla friend, Monsieur Andre Ardla
son, and was authorized to chal
lenge the prince to a duel! What
would have happened had the
challenge been persisted In la dif
ficult to aay. The prince waa ?
flrat rate swordsman and had b*?n
concerned In many dueling epi
sode* in his younger days, but to
cross swords with a cardsharpcr
or even to be associated In any
Incident that would have been tho
talk of the whole Riviera, was an
utter Impossibility. So he allowed
discretion to overrule valor, and
went hack to Germany the same
night, not before, however, Riving
the police a hint as to who* had
happened. In consequence. Ardla
son was told to rlear out and not
show himself in the town again.
P08ING AS COUNT.
One way and another Ardlason
became so well known to the po
lice of England. France, Germany,
Belgium, and Spain that when he
was found staying at hotels pat
ronised by wealthy visitors the
management were warned and
Ardisson would be ordered to take
hla departure forthwith.
This limited hla opportunities
for working big ?cups, and ulti
mately brought about the aeries of
daring frauda which he contrlve.1
to work at some of the well known
casino*. How thla waa done Is a
romance In Itaelf. <
Among other things. Ardlssor
Invented a chemln-de-fer "slipper "
by which he was enabled to P??f
almost any card out of the "shoe"
to a player
When Ardlsson. then close on
sixty years of ace. came back from
the famous penal settlement In
l?o?, he was a broken and pfn
nlleett man. For a year or two ihf
once-famous crlm'nal tried to earn
a living at his old game of card
sharping, but without sur-cei"
Two or three times he fell Into th*
hands of the police on mine
charges, and eventually finished
up his days as n tout for son>e of
the duhloua night houses of Moti
martre. He has .hurt died nt e^ixf*
eight years of ag<\ having poe?IM?
handled as much money a? any
criminal the world has
known.

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