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BLAMED FOR CRIME " ? 5 Sir Basil Thompson, Former Scotland Yard Chief, Tells of Impressions By SIR BA8IL THOMPSON, Former Chief Criminal Investigation Department, Scotland Yard, Lon don, England, Police Department. (Copyright, 1922, by Cosmopolitan # New a Service.) NEW YORK, Dec. 29.?I will not So so< tar as to say. that the people of America are lawless, yet there are more crimes of certain classes com mitted in the United Stataes today than in any other nation. This is not so much because the people as a whole are lawless, as be cause there seems to be something t In their blood which leads them to disregard the law and go to excesses. In large part, this is due to the legal system which exists here, to the Jury system, to the failure, very often, to administer justice as stern ly aa should be the cease, and to cer tain lax laws. Crime More Widespread. When I made my first visit to this country in 1882, criminality was greater in certain sections of the West than In the East and in the South. Now I find these conditions have changed to a great extent. It Is true such crimes as those commit ted at Herrln, III., by the Ku Klux Klan and others In the South are Western and Southern crimes, but there is a very great percentage of crime also committed In the East and the Middle Wegt. In Chicago, a city of some 2,000. 000 Inhabitants, for Instance, accord ing to the records of the American Bar Association, four murders are committed to every one in Canada, with a population of seven million. The records farther show that 1 In every 12,000 persons is murdered in the United States, in England 1 in 412,000. Now, I do nof>regard this as due to the reaction following: the world war. It is chiefly because so many persons whose srullt has been fully proven are often given sentences far too light and because delays serve to create a certain disregard for the law and a belief that com paratively little, if any, punishment may follow the commission of crim inal offenses. Juries Easily Moved. In addition, American Juries, too, ?ften allow themselves to be influ enced through emotion, political in fluence, sentimentality, a lack of ap preciation of the responsibility which society imposes upon them or other causes, with the result that crimi nals do not fear severe punishment. Even if they are sentenced to long prison terms, they rely either on the law s delays and technicalities or the softness" of juries that enable them to go free or receive comparatively u*|}t sentences upon sceond trials. These views are not mine alone, but those of brilliant lawyers, mem bers of the American Bar Associa tion, who base their oplHl6ns*ort the legal records of this country. There are those here who are In to P|ace much of the respon ?ibility for existing criminality on , l"e parents. I <Jo not think parents are so much to blame as the too jntld enforcement of the law. It Is In the power of the people them selves to rectify such evils. Is Optimistic. Notwithstanding the somewhat dis couraging criminal conditions exist ing throughout the country, I am Optimistic. Human nature Is human nature. It has been said that It can not be changed, but history proves that It can be bettered. 1 would not care to hazard what crime conditions may be in the Unit ed States or anywhere else 100 years from now. There may be, mean wniie, some form of social catarlyxm which will change present conditions greatly. We have seen what ha* happened in Russia, something no one six or seven years ago dreamed would be possible. We do not know What may be the social status in 2023, but we know there are elevat ing Influences at work in society in Various forms, whose object it is to make men and women better. And they are doing excellent work, even If it cannot prevent all crime. Ever since the days of Adam and Eve human nature has led people to do wrong. As long as mankind ex ists I suppose evil things will be done. So do not let us look for per fection In men and women. If we do we shall seek not only the im probable but the impossible. REPORTS DOC BIT HIM; CLAIMED MAN BIT FIRST CrNCINNATI, Ohio, Dec. 29.? Cincinnati police and health de partment officials are wondering whether to believe the story told them by tho owner of a dog who reported that he had been bitten While playing with tho animal, or to rely on the report of an inves tigation made by Mounted Patrol man Robert White. White reported that, according to his information, the owner bit the dog first, lacerating the canine's ear. The dog, angered bv the un suspected attack, Hew at his owner and bit his nose. The owner of the dog said that he had t?een on the floor of his home when the animal attacked him. He struggled with the dog. scratching Its shoul ders in fighting it off, he said. "I do not know the merits of this case as yet," said Health Officer R. B. Blume, "but I do know that It Is unhealthy for a man to bite a dog. In the meantime, I will withhold all names." FAMED WAR DOG IS SICK NOW IN POUND PHILADELPHIA. Dec. 29 ? "Buster," a homeless police dog, who served with the Twenty-eighth division overseas In the world war and lived through an attack by tear gas, is fighting blindness in the city I dog 4>ound here. I He had a cataract of the left eye, which William Shingle, pound mas-' ter. is trying to cure. According to Shingle, the family that owned the dog sent It to the pound when it became cross with the children. ' I Any one who will pay the board ' snd lodging of "Buster" can have him after the eye is cured, which .should be in about ten days. Shingle I Book on Pheasants Completed at ! $400,000 LONDON, D?c. 29.-?The fourth volum? of the Mono graph, "pheaianta," by Wil liam Beebe, of New York, probably the most expensive book ever published was com pleted here today. Eight years were occupied in collectinK the material by ex peditions^ of Ornithologists, artists and photographers, fin anced by A. R. Kueer, of the New York Zoological society. The total cost of the four vol umes is estimated at $400,000. The edition is limited to 600 copies. "Teleview" Is New Instrument That Gives Depth to Mo tion Pictures. By CORINE RICH. By Cilnml Bervlee. NEW YORK, Dec. 28.?The third dimension in motion pictures has come. With my own two eyes I saw length, breadth and thickness on the screen In a New York theater tonight. . A ? There they were, the actors walk in* straight toward me and away from me out of the silver sheet and Into it again. Once they perch ed on the brass rod around the bal cony, where I was sitting. The depth of a room, the distance between two persona, standing one behind the other, the projection of an arm beyond the curtain were so distinct that I had to blink and look again to make sure. Chasms in the Canadian rockies yawned with awful rmliSm and mountain heights reared '"to the sky with atmospheric effects oacn of them. The Tele-view Dow It. And all through the latest im provement on the pictures?the tele-view shown for the first time to the American public tonight. The Instrument Is attached to each sent, so that every patron has his own tele-view. Its long arm looks like the flexible stem of a desk light. Where the bulb should he on the light Is a disc about five inches in diameter. through the middle of which, horizontally, is In serted a double glass of such slxe that when looked through It cov ers the entire screen. .... When a small electric motor is attached, a shuttle revolves between/ the two glasses so rapidly that it is not visible to the eye. "TThe shuttle makes It possible. It is claimed, for each eye In turn to view the screen as they w?u!d nor mally look at a scene In the three dimensions. A special camera is used for the filming of the tele-view plcturea. it was announced: a camera with two "eves" corresponding to the twin optic organs of the humnn Th^t special pictures, when seen ^n?'* the use of the tele-view, appear double and hurt the eyes. s principle of Stereoscope. The tele-view harks back to the Jlays of another generation when the young caller got down the fam ily stereoscope from the what-not in the corner and whiled away Sun day afternoon looking at Niagara frozen over. In those days the wonder of mail ing a picture solid Instead of flat never failed to entertain. And to day. applied to the movies, this same principle, as something new, bids fair to Interest the pubi c. The teleview is the invention of Laurns Hamilton, of Cornell Lni versity. FOUR ARRESTED AFTER AGED WOMAN'S DEATH SALEM. W. Va.. Dec. 29.?A charge of murder has been lodged against four young men, who are arrested at Salem, as the drivers of the automobile that struck and killed Mrs. Dalaphlne Mayer, aged seventy-five, of East Salem, near her home, but all have been re leased under bond pending an In vestigation of the tragedy. They are Charles Falleur. a glass worker- Harold Nicholson, a student at Salem College; Foster Trough, a glassworker. and Ingram G&uley. a school teacher of Big Isaar Of ficers are searching for Denell Wil cox, who Is said to have driven the j car, ' BEATS WIFE FIFTH TIME, GETS 30 DAYS IN JAIL I NEW YORK, Dec. 29.?John Wls kowski. thirty-one, Hull avenue, Maspeth. Long Island, was sentenced to thirty days In Queens county workhouse by Magistrate Harry Miller In the Rldgewood, Queens, court yesterday after he had pleaded guilty to beating his wife, Mrs. Victoria Wiskowskl. It was the fifth time Wiskowskl had been in court on the same charges. STATE TROOPER, IN DOUBT, ARRESTS TWIN BROTHERS MARIETTA, Pa., Dec. 29?State Trooper Ooucher. of Lancaster, in order to secure the right man, had to arrest twin brothers. Jay and Ray Shields, for an alleged attack and robbery on Charles D. Wlttlck. In the office of Justice Zuch, Jay gave himself up and Ray was dis charged. Roy Tracey. an alleged 1 accomplice, also was arrested, and both are held without ball. MAJOR~KIMBERLY VISITS FATHER AT HAMPTON Major Allen Klmberly. a graduate 6f the Virginia Military Institute, a resident of Washington, D. C., and who will become military attach# In Berlin, Germany. In January, !? visiting hla father, John B. Kim berly in Hampton, Va., during the Christmas holiday!. RECTOR'S WIFE Mrs. Hall Plant Three-Year Trip Abroad With Her Friend, Miss Peter*. NEW BRUN8WICK. N. J., Dec. 2?.?Mrs. Krancee Stevens Hall, widow of the Rev. EdWard W. Hall, the murdered rector of the Church of St. John the Evangelist, will sail for Italy January 20 for a stay abroad that wlJT last from one to thre* years. She will be accom panied by Mlae Sallle Peters, her Intimate friend, who acted as her buffer against the outside world during the months of Investigation of her husband's murder. The trip to Italy, which has long been rumored, was revealed as a definite fact yesterday when notice was served on all servants In the Hall household to seek other em ployment by January 20. William Stevens, brother of Mrs. Hall, Bays he plans to go to the South, where he will make his per manent residence after his sister leaves. Henry' Stevens, also a brother of Mrs. Hall, said he plans to leave for South America soon for an In definite stay. Sons of Jonadab "Watch." "Oood speakers and plenty of amusement" are promised for the annual watch night services of the Independent Order, Sons of Jonadab, from !> o'clock to midnight New Year Eve at Pythimn Temple. Theory Of Evolution Holds Its Head Up Now By I nlrrraal Nervier. CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Dec. 29. ??The scientific world is con vinced of the truth of the evo lution theory, it was strongly affirmed yesterday in a formal statement issued by the Council of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, whose convention began here with between 2,000 and 3,000 of the leading scientists of Amer ica in attendance. Denying that the theory of evolution was "a mere guess," the council asserted that it was thoroughly established and that there were no doubters among scientists of note. Skirt to Be a Little Longer in 1923, Patou Reveals. a JEAN PATOU, Fashion Dictator. (Written Eap.c tally for International p.w. Service.) PARIS, Dec. 29.?Nineteen twenty three will bring a little larger skirt for women. Straight tunics will be worn only by young girls. Women will tire of the loose dresses and will pick models with more form than the clothes that have been shown during the past year. The line will be the question. The problem Is to give the figure more fullness without changing the youth ful and agreeable silhouette of the last years. The most fashionable fabrics of 1923 will be printed tis sues, crepe de chine, mousseline, crepe gtorgette and satins in all colors. It is certain that the fashionable gatherings of next summer will show a greater variety of colors than for years. SKATES FOR CHRISTMAS LEADS BOY TO DEATH jSISTERSVILLE. W. Va.. Dec. 29.?tA new pair of skates, a Christ mas gift, was so attractive to seven teen-year-old John Bates, of Shirley, that the lad decided to try them out. He went to McElroy creek, but the Ice was so thin he broke through and was drowned. The body was recovered. URGES REFORMS IN RULES FOR TRAFFIC More uniform traffic regulations, written in plain, brief language, was urged for the protection of motorists by William P. Eno at a meeting of the subcommittee on traffic and safety of the public order committee of the Board of Trade. Tourists, he said, are balng arrested for unintentional violation of the traffic laws under present conditions. Discussion of a revision of the local traffic regulations brought out the statement that "the man to the right has the right of way'.' rule is dangerous and a cause of traffic congestion at street Inter sections. The subcommittee Will make a complete study of the present traf fic regulations In Washington for the purpose of establishing whether any of the recommendations made by the committee In the past years have been accepted and applied. W. Pearce Raynor is chairman. Woodward & Lothrop Down Stairs Charming New Silk Frocks One of Our Greatest Value Sales New Dresses and Coats Advance Season and New Spring Models $1*1 $ig $9475 Smart Sports and Dress Coats Dresses Fashionably Becoming Youthful taffetas and soft crepe de chines that feature the popular uneven hem line and the basque. Here and there ^a touch of embroidery or ribbon make them even more charming Flat crepes in those lovely new spring shades: Almond green, deer and some tans combined with paisley. Navy and black cantons and taffetas. Ruffled panels, odd self material flowers and fruits are trim mings '. * Beautiful Afternoon Dresses of flat crepes, cantons and chiffon taffetas. Full circular skirts, broken hem lines, basques and graceful ftO/f straight-line effects. Navy, brown, deer and black ^4# I D $11 *16 Coats Shown for First Time Tomorrow j Sports Coats, of all-wool double-faced polaire cloth, herringbone or wool mixtures. Smart styles with flare cuffs and swagger cut. Many "1 are full silk lined or half lined. Sizes 14 to 44 Handsome models, of soft finish sports fabrics with new double inverted plfeat at back; huge single button fastenings, flare cuffs and fash ionable large collars. Mannish lines that look so well A" Really Elegant Coats, of fine Normandies or Bolivias with high luster and deep pile. Self collars. Also Sprinfc Sports Coats in the new light shades of two-tone wool mixtures, silk lined *24.75 DOWN 8TA IRS STORK The New Spring Shades in Women's Sports Hose, $1. Silk and wool heather mixtures lend themselves to the advance spring shades as Alniond Green New Browns Fawn Exceptional values and the most popular hosiery now. Slightly irregular. Sizes to 10. DOWN STAIRS STORE.' Brushed Wool Slip-ons, *3.95 Women's and misses' sweaters of soft, silken finish brushed wool, resembling the very high priced camel's hair sweaters in/effect. Fashionable buff, also brown and black. Made with round neckline and small plain-weave belts. . r Dimity Hand-made Blouses, *1.95 \ These dimities are the newest of the hand mades and very lovely in their semi-tailoredness. Hand drawn work or narrow finish of Irish crochet lace or tiny self loop edging for Peter Pan collars. Also dimities with tuxedo collars (not hand made) and a few sand-colored organdy tailored blouses, $1.95. , DOWN STAIRS STORK. Children's Specials Dr. Denton's Sleeping Garments Much Below Regular Price Because of slight imperfections, which can scarcely be de tected, we offer 'these well-known garments at great price re ductions, as follows: Sizes 1 to 2 Sizes 3 to 5 Sizes 6 to 8 75c 85c $1 Sizes 9 and 10 Sizes 12 to 14 $1.35 $1.65 Styles for boys and girls. Warm, fleece lined. Boys' Buster Brown Hose, 3 Pairs $1 Black and brown ribbed hose, feturdy, well-wearing. Sizes 7 to 12. Girls' All-Wool Coats, Special $9.75 Loose or belted models in styles typical of youthful wearers. Self or fur collars. Well lined. Sizes ? to 14 years. Sale of Girls' Gingham Dresses, $1, $1.65, $1.95, $2.95 School dresses in plaids or checks. Many artistically em broidered; the smaller sizes with bloomers. Sizes 6 to 14. Men's Shirts,, Special, $1.55 We have grouped a limited quantity of high-grade shirts, all perfect, but broken size range in the various styles. Russian Cords, Woven Madras, Poplins, Reps - lot> - Sizes 14 tomorrow. to 17 in the combined On sale Pajamas, $1.75 A new shipment of men's flannelette paja mas, all perfect make. Attractive stripes and with frog fastenings. Socks, 55c Silk-plaited Socks, the popular Reiss No. 500 make. Brown, gray and navy. Sizes 9v, to ny3. DOWN STAIRS STORE. Girls' Wool Coats, $4 Silvelours in sizes 12 to 18 years. Wool Skirts, Box pleated 14 years. Pleated $2.75 Sizes 6 ta Boys' All-Wool Mackinaws, Special $8.75 Plaid Mackinaws that will endure rough wear. Warm, and just the type of coats boys themselves like. pockets. With large patch DOWN STAIRS STORK. Women's Low Footwear . *3.95 New Styles in Pumps and Oxfords The low price Is out of keeping with the quality and fashionable lasts of these, but the size range in each style is broken; you can find splendid values here. ' > ? ? . New Sports Pump* of patent leather with gray iuW?. Patent Leather Pumpi with large tilt tongue*,' One er Two-strap Pump* of patent leather er kid. Patent Leather Oxford* with Cuban or military heel*. Brown Calf Oxford*?some wlt^ rubber lift heel*. DOWN STAIRS STORK.