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liIEiICOFTEA rnrasw. OTHERS De Bothezat’* Machine Excells Any Produced in Germany, France, England or Austria. (Copyright. 1921. by Cosmopolitan News Service.) In view of the hitch which hae arisen In carrying forward develop ment of the Deßothezat helicopter by the army air service, following successful specification flights and tests for the machine which flics without recourse to planes, an au thoritative survey made today of other nations’ efforts to solve the helicopter riddle is of interest. Failure is the chief word that can be written, according to aviation authorities on the efforts of Eng land, France and Austria to invent a helicopter. A successful helicop ter la recognized as being of a dis tinct military advantage to the na tion which produces one first. England has been working on the Idea for seven years, but without luck. Brennan, inventor of the monorail, who has friends in the British air ministry, was given the assignment in 1916 at 2,000 pounds a year to develop ajt Farnborough a helicopter. The performances of this Brennan helicopter never amounted to anything worth men tioning. Brennan had a gyroscope In the machine to give stability, but since the machine never flew this precaution was superfluous. Austria's Attempts. Austria’s attempt to build a heli copter came during the war, when an officer, who did not wish to go to the front, got the Austro-Hun garian war office interested in backing his idea for a helicopter. A large staff was assembled, a factory obtained and some 915,000,000 was spent. The mehod of starting about this experiment was to de termine, by committee, what ap pliances and equipment should be needed by two men who would fly the proposed machine, which was to be used to make observations upon nemy lines. The load deter mined, the committee next set about determining how much power an engine should have to lift such a load a given height. The ertgine was produced. Then elaborate tests were made on pro pellers to .determine their lift. Hun dreds of propellers were built. Two were finally fixed over the engine, horizontally, one about the other, and above the propellers; an iron barrel, quarters for two operators of the machine, was placed. Final ly assembled, the machine was found to have no stability, and could move in only one direction, upward. So guy-ropes were attached, •cores of men holding on to them, >nd the machine—more accurately ailed a captive helicopter—was -feady for business. It was able to go up 400 feet The two men in the iron barrel eventually were dumped over and killed. This was called the Karman Helicopter, these being che names of three men out of the regi ment of people who monkeyed with this machine. Berliner’s Try. It is to Berliner that goes the honor of the first attempt to build a helicopter in America. Berliner has been trying to build helicopters for the past ten or fifteen years and has produced a good dozen of different types of helicopters. Only the last of this collection of heli copters was able to perform a few hop-offs of very small duration and very low altitude. This helicopter was said to get badly damaged at almost every landing and the ma chine did not appear to have any •tability whatsoever. Berliner him self has abandoned this type of ma chine and is now building a new type. France has had somewhat better luck, although she has not pro- IT’S A GOOD PLAN to save pennies, nickels and dimes v in one of the self-registering coin banks which we provide. B I Many a bank account is built in 1 I that way. But, in the long run, ’’M. -• ■ the man who gets ahead puts the P Wr FIRST few dollars from his pay envelope in the bank and lives on the balance. TRY THIS PLAN The Washington Loan and Trust Company Established in 1889 Downtown Office: West End Branch: 900-902 F Street N. W. 618-620 17th Street N. W. JOHN B. LARNER, President ANDREW PARKER HARRY G. MEEM Vice President and Trust Officer Vice President and Treasurer BOYD TAYLOR CHARLES H. DOING, JR. Vice President and Secretary Vice President * Assistant Treasurers CHARLES R. GRANT FRED M. BERTHRONG ° ff,C * r Assistant Real Estate Officer WILLIAM H. BADEN , T. CARROLL GRANT General Counsel ARTHUR PETER Europe Is Meat And Fat Hungry,- Say U. S. Packers - CHICAGO, July 3. —Europe is meat and* fat hungry, and in spite of the fluctuations in for eign exchange Chicago packers' export shipments are showing a great increase over last year. * A rush order from England for a record shipment of pro visions and lard had resulted in the booking of the entire cargo space allotted Chicago on the giant steamship Leviathan when she sails from New York July 4 on her maiden voyage under the American flag. The fcpace was taken by Wil son & Co. duced as yet, after the test of a big collection of helicopters, a real helicopter. Oelmichen built a machine, under the financial assistance Os the au tomobile concern, Peugeot, and the French government. The first Oel michen helicopter could lift only with the assistance of a gas bag. The second Oelmichen machine, which - has made a few flights carrying its pilot, is probably the best effort made in France. The Oelmichen helicopter has some manoeuverability, although it is said to be insufficient, but it has no stability whatsoever, and the gryoscope, with which 'it is equip ped, does little good to the machine. Pescara Machine Fly a. Pescara has built, at the ex pense of the French government, three helicopters. It is only the third Pescara machine that was able to make a few short flights that amounted to anything, al though aviation experts* sdy the Oel michen flights are of more im portance than the Pescara flights. The Pescara helicopter has some manoeuverabigty, but it has no stability whatsoever. The perform ances of all these machines are far from approaching the performance of the De Bothezat helicopter built in America. Oermany has not been able to produce a helicopter. Thus the United States, which gave the world the airplane twenty years ago, today appears to be on the threshold through the de Bothe zat machine, of creating the first helicopter which has stability; manoeuverability and can hover. But whether this country produces such a machine depends largely on whether the stalemate betweeen the air service and Dr. de Bothezat is h-oned out. NEAR EAST RELIEF HAS ARMENIAN STOCK FARM DJELAL, OGHL/I, Armenia, July 3.—The Near East Relief has started a modern American stock farm on the former ranch of the Grand Duke Nicholas of Russia at Kara Kala. fifteen miles from here. The ranch will supply food for the 26,000 children In Armenian orphanages and is being used as an agricultural school. PARROT IS KILLED FOR TALKING TO STRANGERS CHICAGO, July 3.—Ferdinand Kutz had never seen a parrot. When a. large green bird spoke to hm from a tree he galloped into his house, got a shotgun and killed Polly. Mrs. Bertha Flugge, the owner, caused a fine of $5 and costs to be imposed on Mr. Kutz. CHINAMAN IS GIVEN 8 YEARS TO PAY FINE STEUBENVILLE, Ohio, July 3. Sing Foo, local Chinaman, fined SSOO and costs here for violating prohibi tion laws, has been granted a period of eight years in which to pay. Un able to pay the fine Foo was com mitted to the county jail. At 60 cents a day, allowed by law, it would take Foo more than two and one-half years to serve out the fine, so the county commission ers decided it would be cheaper to turn him loose and take a chance on his paying $6 monthly toward the fine. THE WASHINGTON TIMES cm is duided OVER CLHIM TDBtBV Foster Parents In Fort Worth Determined to Resist Action to Take Oirl From Them. FORT WORTH, July 3.—A ques tion that would baffle a Solomon has been raised In Forth Worth in connection with the case of little. Dido Martex, six years old, whose natural mother, Mrs. Singleton. Is attempting to reclaim the child from her foster-parents, Mr. and Mrs. A. Z. Schooler. According to the story. Dido Martex, who was then called Mary Louise, was given into the care of a children’s aid and home society in a western State when she was one month old. The mother had been deserted by the father before the birth of the child and she had no way of taking care of it. Mrs. Singleton, the mother, claims that the society promised not to let the child out for adoption. However, little Dido Martex was taken and legally adopted by Mr. and Mrs. Schooler. After six years the natural mother is trying to get the baby back. Fight Is Predicted. The foster-parents have an nounced that they will fight her claim to the highest court in the State. The question of who has the bet ter right to the child. is agitating the city from end to end, and varied are the opinions expressed on the matter. A letter received Friday and signed "A Mother Who Knows” is of the opinion that it would be a great wrong not to return the child to her natural mother. The letter says in part: ‘‘How can anyone be so un natural as to want to keep a child from its real mother. Surely no mother could be in favor of so unjust a decision. ‘‘People who have never had a baby of their own have no under standing of the feeling that a mother has for her own flesh and blood. ‘‘She goes down into the valley, of the shadow to bring it into the world and nothing that she can do later can void her claim upon it. “God sends a child to its mother. He wants her to have it. If through misfortune she is compelled to give it up for a time, that is punishment enough for her. Belongs to Mother. “Little Mary Louise, or Dido Martex, as she is now called, be longs to her natural mother by divine right, and no law in the world has the right to deny the child to her.” On the other hand, there are many who consider that once a mother abandons her child and does not care for it in its in fancy that she has forfeited all claim to it. . Mrs. I. Zi T. Morris, of the the Texas Children's Home and Aid Society is of this mind. "It was reported that Mrs. Singleton left her child with this society, but a search of our own records proved this to be untrue. We never promised to hold a child and betrayed that trust,” said Mrs. Mon^s. DEMPSEY'S DOG ATTACKS GIRL; DAD ASKS $20,000 GREAT FALLS, Mont., July 3. Jack Dempsey’s worries were in creased when a suit was filed by Alex P. Geranlous. of Great Falls, who asks $20,000 damages for in juries alleged to have been received when his seven-year-old daughter was bitten by a dog at Dempsey’s training camp June 10. Jack Kearns, Dempsey’s manager, also was made a defendant in the suit. • • Thm National Daily • • TUESDAY, JULY 8, 1928. mil stub IS TRYING TO DIEM Philanthropist Believes in Mak ing Large Bequests While He Is Living. By VIOLA BROTHERS SHORE, Cosmopolitan News Service. NEW YORK, July 3.—Nathan Straus, one of America’s greatest merchants and philanthropists, at the age bf seventy-five is doing the best he can to give his fortune away. For this man who interested him self In charity when still quite young and before he had made his 1 great wealth has a code which does not believe In large bequests after death to charitable institutions. “Why wait that long?’’ the mer chant prince asked. “Giving is ono of the joys of life which never palls and never lessens but grows by feeding on what it does. “It is only a matter of time be fore it will be considered a disgrace for a man to die very wealthy. In stead of an honor roll for those who have helped their fellQW men, 'I advocate a dishonor roll for those who have failed in their duty. "If the rich people of the world— I mean those who have more than they can use—did their duty, half the misery of the whole world* would be relieved. "There is a Hebrew proverb which says,' ‘What you give in health is gold; what you give in sickness is silver; what you give after death is lead.’ “People have to be educated to do good- They find they enjoy it, and gradually It becomes a habit. The farther they travel along the path of good deeds, the more theV enjoy the traveling. .* Admires Rockefellers. “Men like the Rockefellers, father and son, are the most Inspiring ex amples of the good use to which great wealth may be put. They are among the greatest men on earth. I admire them particularly because they art doing their good work during their lifetime. Getting the ablest bacteriologists and scien tists in the world to combat dis ease I consider even more impor tant than establishing hospitals to cure it.” In' a long career devoted to giv ing and to arousing in others a sense of their obligations, Mr. Straus has had peculiar opportuni ties for arriving at conclusions in regard to givers. He said: “People of the middle classes are the easiest to approach on matters of charity or public welfare. Poor people haven’t the means. And rich people have an elaborate sys tem of defense. “Most rich people have their ex cuses alphabetically card indexed so as to be readily available in case of an emergency attack. You sel doqj catch them so completely off their guard that they haven’t at least one tried and trusty excuse where It is most accessible. “All people who don’t like to give use the same conversational tactics. »After the first three minutes I can only gauge my chances of interest ing them but can even guess how they will evade them, down to the very words they will use. Women Best Givers. are easier to interest than men. If the matter has any thing to do with children, the re sponse among women is about 100 per cent. “Anything pertaining to the pub lic health secures the immediate co-operation of women. I was able to accomplish the most wherever I had women working with me. And when they undertake a thing, they stick to it." Mr. Straus began so interest him self in charity when he was young and still poor. At that time he said, “I can wait to make more money. I cannot wait to give. The opportunity to make money will al ways be herp. This particular op portunity to do good will be gone forever if I let it pass.” “There would be very little chari table work in the world if people were afraid to leave their money after death, for fear that their motives might be misunderstood. “Most of the hospitals in the country were endowed by rich rpen 5 and women who left the money in their wills. If you cannot bear to part with your money during your lifetime, that seems a better way to dispose of it, than leaving it for lawyers to fatten on through litigation "Why should there be people, in this civilized age, suffering for lack while a trustee receives SIOO,OOO to administer a will? There is no excuse for hunger' or privation in America. The coun-’ try never was so prosperous. Half, the gold in the world is over here. | One case of starvation or illness 1 unattended is a blot on our national' honor. The only way to wipe out these! blots is through education and ex <inipl6. Education of the rich* Ex* ample of the rich.” HARRIET W. MOORE LEFT AN ESTATE OF $34,582 j Harriet W. Moore, by her will, dated May 14, 1923, filed for probate today, leaves to the Children’s Hos pital and the Associated Charities The esta te is estimated at $34,582 and the National Savings and Trust Company and Richard E. Claughton are named as executors and trustees. SP£J« C bequests include: Etsey W. Wilcox and Eva A. Stover, $1,500 each; SI,OOO each to Harriet A 5r #V Wh? e,e ?r B fi S Nelson,"Harriet Kathr y ne M. Mawson, Vona C. Green; t s o Fred w R ; T( l Wler ’ SBOO each W. B<itf?fl f rank C* pnfpq and Walter Wilcox. B The trustees are directed to hold S3S~t at .« 1 t 5 Sev * nt «*nth street northwest, in trust to p uv the net fon°en e W ’ and M.lo V SLeh 11 h 7 ° r ,h * eurvlvor reach the age of twenty-f| VP rears when they shall take title to the property. 1 The remaining estate l„ devised to Thlre. ’ Bon ‘ a - “> •«<**• ' r Pans Do Not Bother .Miss Hazel Nutt Or Her Sisters SEATTLE, July 3.—Such a witty world they find it, the three members of the Nutt fam ily registered from Urbana, 111., at the Hotel Frye. Miss Lilly Nutt, Miss Harriet Nutt, Miss Hazel Nutt, are three sisters called. Especially hard-shelled toward the, jests of the public is Miss Hazel Nutt, the leader, or, as you might say, the colonel of the Nutts. . “We positively don't mind any pun whatsoever,” says Hazel Nutt. “Our name seems to make people happy, wins us many acquaintances, is a real social asset:” The sisters are on a trans continental automobile trip. FLTOTFfi AMUSING ‘ PUBIS Tlney Performer* Wear Dree* Costumes—One Dances on a Tight Rope. By AI!ICE IANGELIER. International New* Berrios. PARIS, July 3.—A little troupe of trained fleas is drawing large crowds to the Fete de Neuiljy, on the edge of Paris. As early as the seventeenth cen tury Paris had its little flea thea ter, which attracted visitors from all parts of the world. Fleas, garbed in military uniforms, exe cuted maneuvers on a miniature battlefield and dragged about little cannon and other armaments with the greatest skill. Today the spectacle Is given in a little wooded shed. The spec tators sit about a table covered with a white cloth. The trainer brings forth her little troupe and puts them through their amazing exercises. Some of the tiny in sects are dressed in crinolines and hoop - skirts and figure in a cos tume ball. • Another is a tight rope walker of no mean ability. A fevr do some military tactics with can non and guns. But the most re markable is certainly the little juggler, who rolls an elderberry about on her feet, tossing it up in the air at the command of the trainer and releasing it when she says “stop.” “She is my best artist,’' said Mademoiselle Ambros, she trainer and to reward her she lifted her sleeve and let the little creature feast a minute op her arm. The meal takes place in this manner for each insect. It lasts about fif teen or twenty minutes every day Thus nourished and protected from the cold, they live, on an average, about nine years. “At the beginning ,of their train ing,” the trainer continued, “I must attach nty little fleas to a fine string or silk hair before their performances. Once having learned the futility of their efforts to es cape they change their habitual hops into regular movements. Then my task is much easier. The little creatures possess astonisihng strength, but needless to say, their education demands untold patience.” LUCRATIVE positions OFFERED IN U. S. SERVICE The Civil Service Commission to day announced open competitive examinations for several Govern ment jobs that pay up to $6,000 a year. The vacancies that are to be filled are electrical design drafts -1 man, $6.80 to SB.BO a day; library specialist, office of the commandant, Navy Yard. $5,000; real estate ex pert, Q. M. C., $2,160 a year to sl2 a day; apprentice fish culturlst, S6OO to S9OO a £fear; special writer in the office of director. Government Savings System, $4,500; observer and computer in gas analyses, at Pitts burgh, $1,620 to $1,620 a year; as sistant map printer, Geological Sur vey, $2 a day. In addition to the basic pay there ie a bonus of S2O a month for those salaries which do not exceed $2,500. Full Information and application blanks may be obtained at the of fice of the Civil Service Commission, 1724 F street northwest. ROW OVER PENNY LEADS TO SUIT FOR SIO,OOO CHICAGO, July 3.—Because of a dispute over a penny Frank C. Hill and the South Chicago Street Car Company will spend several hundred dollars in the courts. Ho asserts he has been humiliattd to the extent of SIO,OOO and brought Buit for that amount. It came about when a conductor, in making change for Mr. Hill’, dropped a penny on the floor. Hill dcK>osited six cents and walked for ward in the car, full fare being seven cents. The conductor picked up the penny and asked Hill to drop it in the box as the rules did not permit him to do so. Hill re fused and says the conductor then flung the penny at his feet, told him to pick it up and put it in the box or get off the car. Hill ulighied. 6 MORE DRY AGENTS FACE CHARGES IN CHICAGO CASE CHICAGO, July 3.—lndictments last week by the Federal grand jury of Roscoe C. Andrews, former act ing prohibition director for Illinois; John E. Earley, his chief field agent, and nine others in connection with the distribution among stockholders of the $200,000 liquor stocks of Grommes & Ullrich when the liquor firm dissolved, will be followed by perjury charges against a half dozen agents of the prohibition de partment, assistant United States District Attorneys announced today. AFTER~YEAR WIFE NO. 2 HAS MARRIAGE ANNULED DETROIT, July B^—Because he has another wife living in Minne apolis, the marriage of Ernest A. and Edith L. Mitchell was annulled by Judge Dlngeman on petition of the second wife, Edith, HOME FOR AGEDI UPSET BY CUPID Chatterbox of 102 Said to Have Vamped Widower \ of 105. NEW YORK, July sT—'T*o hun dred aged men and women in the Sons and Daughters of Israel Home yesterday discussed a romance some of them “say involves two popular centenarians, inmates of the institu tion. The women, most of them long past eighty, gathered in group*, their white-capped heads close to gether. There was a regular old time gossip-fest lasting nearly all day. • Chaim Weiss, “Sage of Wyassy” they call him, a landscape gardener of 105 years,, who came from Bucha rest sixty years ago, and Etta Trooper, 102, widow, fifty years in America, emerged from the synagogue yesterday holding hands. Etta is a vivacious blue-eyed little chatterbox from Galicia, many years resident in the Tenth street home. She Nursed Him. Weiss is recovering from an oper ation. During his convalescence, the gossips says,. widow Trooper at tended him assiduously; After luncheon yesterday she drew a chair near his and kept him cool with a palm leaf fan. Meanwhile scores of shawled, white-bonneted and aproned old ladies—like so many Rembrandts stepped straight out of the frames —whispered they had known it all along. Miss Frances Linder, secretary of the home, smilingly declined to con firm gossip anent the Weiss-Troop er romance, but consented to facili tate the questioning of both prin cipals. When Weiss was asked whether he contemplated matrimony in his second century he grunted contemptuously, puffing vigorously at- a cigarette. Then ,he referred his caller to widow Trooper, whom 'he characterised as “a mighty smart girl," adding, apropos those “everlasting gossips in the women's dormitory,” that shs would “put a flea in their ears.” Han Had Three Wives. “I've hqd three wives.” he chuck led. “Three times is out. I know when I’ve had enough.” "Oh, what I know about you,” joked Miss Linder as she sat by widow Trooper and patted the old woman’s hands. “Do you know what they say? That you’re in love with Papa Weiss. Whq, it’s gll over the place. What have you * ________^ * at this | Y I Filtwith TEXACO the volatfle gas V I and notice how your I \T EXACO/ \ GASOLINE / \the wm&ms gas / , Run 'it with Save it with • 1 ’ Texaco Gasoline Texaco MotorJ>ti (the TI^S~CdMPANY?U.IE , K ■ 2<mm Ptnltmm Pnimttf Concert By the Army Band at Meridian Hill Park, Sixteenth and Bnelld streets northwest, today at 7:*u p. m., W. J. Stannard, band leader. March, “Lincoln Centennial” Sanford Overture, “Isabella” Suppe Selection “Echoes from the Metropolitan Opera House” Tobanl , Excerpts from “H. M. S. Pina* fora” Sullivan Americana Fantasia, “Oems of Stephen Foster” ... .Laurendean a “Menuet In Q” Beethoven b "Song of Love" from “Blos som Time” Romberg Oems from “The Fortune Teller” Herbert March, “The Saracen Guard” White “The Star-Spangled Banner.*? AVIATORS SEEK WOMAN LOST IN DESERT Fear Mother of Twelve Chil dren Has Already Perished of Thirst and Hunger. NORFOLK, Va., July 3.--Search ing parties today reported that they nad discovered no trace of Mre. W. T. Russell, fifty-two, mother of twelve children, who, becoming de mented after a serious illness, wan dered away into the Cape Henry desert on June 21. Mrs. Russell, a resident of the Brambleton section of this city, had spent the early.years of her life in the sand dune region, and on a previous occasion had left her home and later had been found there. Planes from Langley Field and the naval base will fly over the section today in an effort to locate'her. Fear is expressed that the woman has perished of thirst and hunger and the, terrific heat that has prevailed for the last ten days. The Cape Henry desert is a wild, desolate section of Princess Anne county, and ig rarely visited by hu man beings, even smugglers and moonshiners giving it a wide berth, and hunters never go there as it is barren of game. The aviators have been instructed to fly low In their search for Mrs. Russell as the sameness of the surface makes it difficult to distinguish objects from any distance. to say for yourself, you dear, old vamp?” The widow Trooper, with eyes downcast like a girl of seventeen questioned about her first love af fair, fidgeted a moment with her apron hem. Then with a wise old smile she remarked: , "My Lord! Aren’t old men the scandal mongers, dearie?” PUTTING ETHER INTO BEER BY NEEDLE Beauty Doctors Now Dolling Up Poison Liquors to Maks Them Seem Did. # By ROLAND KREBS. Intrust!—l Hews Bwilm. CHICAGO, July S.—Bootlegging has caused a wholly new class of beauty doctors to corns into exist ence. it was revealed here recently by the Industrial Research Labora tories. Their work is to beautify poison liquor In just the opposite manner in which aging women are prettied up. Where the facial rubber mas sages the marks of age away with cold cream and various kinds of day, the bootleg beauty doctor in stills an appearance of age Into liquor with chemicals certain to eat away one’s interior. The laboratories announced that their research had shown bootleg ging to he closely allied with the beauty business in yet another way. Most of the alcohol, it was found, used in the making of synthetic gin originally was Intended for the manufacture of toilet articles. When the average drinker Is of fered “the real stuff,” laboratory experts said, the chances are ten to one that it’s dangerous drink. “Needle beer” was compared with a drug addict in the report. It said *that ordinary near-beer first was placed in kegs and corked, after which ether was "shot” into it with a syringe thrust through the cork in much the fashion that a slave to narcotic drugs puts dope, under his skin with a hypodermic needle. > Most bootleg liquors examined in the laboratories were found to be excellent for pouring into sewers and drain pipes. Because of their chemical ingredients, it was said, they flush the pipes very effec tively. , FRENCH WIDOW SEEKS TO EMULATE DIOGENES PARIS, July 3.—Madame Tran zal, sixty, played the role of Dio genes when she presented herself before the bar at Remirement car rying in her hand a candle and a box of matches. “I wish to give light to the jury for my case,” she declared, and the judge had no little difficulty in try ing to prevent her from lighting a candle and sticking it in his pocket, much to the amusement of all citi zens present. The poor widow was fined sixty francs.