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HOME EDITiONi THE WEATHER Bain tonight and tomorrow; colder to* morrow; moderate shifting wipds, v be* coming northerly. GEMS STOLEN FOR U. S. MILLIONAIRE HIS DEATH PHEHTS SAEEDF LOOT International Crooks Com pelled to Return Antiques to * Lady Ludlow, Their Victim By International New* Service. LONDON, Dec. 17.—A Chicago millionaire, now dead, was impli cated in the theft x>f Lady Lud low's famous collection of antique jewels, according to a sensational and fantastic story which the Evening News published today. American thieves stole the jewels for the Chicago man at Jiis behest after he had sought un successfully to buy them from Lady Ludlow, the News said. After getting the jewels, the gang of thieves, all American, came to New York with them, the story said. They had expected to meet the Chicago man and turn the jewels over to him, according to the News, but the Chicagoan died the day the thieves arrived in New York.* Returned to Owner. I Confronted with . this situation, the thieves feared to try to dis pose of the jewels in the"' open market. They therefore arranged ! for them to be returned to Ladyi Ludlow. Ludlow, however, denied! today that the jewels were kept in ( her town residence, but were al- i ways “in safekeeping.” The News' story then ouUined | these reputed circumstances. The millionaire personally visited Lady Ludlow's town residence, Bath House, as a guest, and, there fore, knew the layout of the bed room ' where the jewel collection was kept. The robbery itself was a clever piece of “second-story” work. When the thieves got the jewels, they were driven in a powerful motor car to Dover, where a yacht awaited to carry them to France. I In France, they boarded a liner at Cherbourg and arrived in New York city June 19. ' From New York they telephoned to the millionaire in Chicago, only to be Informed that he had died •n hour previously. Another Story Related. i The Central News today gave a ' aomewhat different version of the ‘ jewelry robbery. It said that the instigator was a jewel connoisseur of the west coast of the United States, a man who was the author of brochures .upon jowelry. This man came to London last April, according to the Central News, visited Bath House, saw the jewels, and then planned the ’ rob bery. The Central News said the Amer ican thieves arrived in London June * and robbed Bath House June 11. The jewels were taken to New York, and there placed in a safe deposit box, the News said. The Westerner died and New York at torneys arranged to return the jewels and receive a reward, it was •aid. $250,000 FIRE SWEEPS ' WAYNESBORO STORES HAGERSTOWN, Md., Dec. 17.-- The business section of Waynes boro, Pa., was swept by fire at 3 o'clock this morning. The estimat ed losh being over $250,000. Hagerstown and Chambersburg sent fire apparatus to the aid of the town and helped check' ths spread of the flames, which threat ened 'the entire center of the busi ness district. The fire raged for several hours. • It was discovered by a mechanic of the Frick garage and at that time it had gained such headway that the Waynesboro firemen were un able to cope with it. Among the buildings gutted were ♦he Dreyfuss and Kirson stores, the Sanitary lunch room, the Gold berg store, and the apartments of Mrs., Anna Good. J. C. Clugston. and Mrs. Wolfensberger, over the stores. Some of the occupants of the apartments were rescued by firemen. Harry McCarthy, a Waynesboro fireman, was injured. Radio News on Page 18. Poison Liquor Death Toll In New York Is 11 Now - NEW YORK, Dec. 17.—The holiday death toll here from poison liquor increased today to eleven victims within a week, making a total of twenty-seven for this month. Police believe most of the deadly liquor is coming ■from New Jersey via ferries. men have been placed on guard at all ferries. Dominick Carfaro, of Troy, N. Y., the latest victim; was found with a whiskey bottle in his hand bearing the label “wood alcohol.” Small hope was held for the recovery of twelve of the sixty seven patients in Bellevue Hos pital, while twenty others are threatened with blindness. MTHTLS NAVY BILL WASTE Expenditure of $110,000,000 Will Not Add lota of Strength to Float ■S.V, LA,.,,.-;; ■ . ; Editor’s Note—The condition of the American Navy and whether it ts proportionately equal in strength with the novice of the ether great powers, has been a subject of. heated controversy in Congres for several weeks.. Several Congres sional investigations have been pro posed. , In view of these facts, the follow ing analysis of the pending naval bill by Rear Admiral William F.; Fullam, U. S. N., retired, is of ; timely interest: By REAR ADMIRAL W. F. FULLAM, United States Navy (Retired). ■ (Written Exprewly for International News Service. (Copyright- J# 24 - b >’ International News Service.) The navy bill just passed by the Senate provides for the “modernization” of thirteen battle ships 'by adding blisters to their underwater hulls to resist tor pedo and mine attacks; heavier deck armor for defense against bombs; new oil-burning boilers for six ships; money for six river gun boats to cost $700,000 each, and eight scout cruisers to cost $11,000,000 each. The bill as passed (1) defies logic, (2) ignores the world war, (3) encourages waste, (4) forgets-' the budget, (5) adds no fighting power to the fleet, and (6) re fuses the two weapons without which our navy is doomed in war. No Strength Added. An analysis of this bill reveals the fact that an expenditure of $110,000,000 will add not one iota to the actual fighting strength of our navy in battle. This bill pro vides for nothing but patches to our battleships, and the addition of fourteen cruising ships, big and little, to our surface fleet —nothing more, i The word "submarine” is not found in the building program. Not an ounce of strength is added to our naval air force.. And yet, without thtese two forces, above and below the surface of'the sea, our fleet will remain as it la today, helpless in defense and completely impotent in offensive war. Our battlefleet is strong as such. Attacks upon the Washington con ference and upon our battleship ratio are indefensible. We have a splendid surface fleet. Our weakness is not in battleships nor in matters affected by the Washington conference. The conference left us free to build the most powerful fleet in the world. Oil Burners Necessary. Os course, new oil-burning boilers should be supplied the six battle ships. They are useless if their speed is not maintained. But this is their only real weakness. Money spent on blisters and armored decks will be wasted. These devices wil( not project these ships from being disabled. They may delay the in evitable for a few minutes, perhaps, but that is all. The topsides, fun nels; bridges, and masts will be blown off, the rudder and steering gear damaged, and the bottom of 1 (Continued on Page 2, Column 5.) WAWBMBMES V THE ~n MJK "I*l'o N A NO. 13,113 ☆ * ☆ ☆ * ☆ ☆ ☆ ☆ ☆ ☆ Haarmann Declared Perfectly Sane MORALLY INFERIOR, EXPERT SAYS Perfectly Accountable for His Butcheries, Two Alienists Tell Berlin Court By S. D. WEYER. International News Services "• HANOVER, Germany, Dec. 17. Fritz Haarmann, butcher of young men and boys, was declared sane today by two alienists who took the stand at Haarmann’s trial. “It is wrong,” said the first alienist, Professor Schulze, "to con clude that such a criminal must be i insane. Even the most bestial of deeds can be committed by a aane person.” Schulze then went on to gylate in Haarmann's ' life. This brought an emphatic objection from Haarmann. The alienist then pointed out that Haarmann has had a life-long dread of insane* - asylums. The second alienist was Doctor Schackwitz. He testified: Moral Superiority. “Haarmann was not insane when Jhe committed murder, nor is he in i sana now. Haarmann, however, is a man of considerable moral inferi ority: he is intellectually weak and has feminine traits and a hysterical character. “All of these however, would not i ■ prevent a free exercise of his will. ' There is a strong indication that be I killed through impulse at times, and ! at other times, merely to get the J clothes of his victims.” Professor Schulze is the famous ■ savant of the University of Goet tingen. Continuing he said: “Nor was Haarmann in an ‘al coholic twilight’ condition. But even if he were, this would be an excuse only for the first few murders.” A “Perfect Actor.” I He then pictured Haarmann as a | “perfect actor," but lately he has i been feigning idiocy. He is shrewd, i cunning, vain and selfish. When ' I talked with him he said, ‘lf 1 ■ hadn’t killed all those people, I wouldn’t be so famous as I am i now. I have beaten all murder records.’ Haarmann told me he wanted the executioner’s knife made very sharp. He said to me, ‘I will ! surely go to heaven and my mother will plead there for rite.’ ” Schulze said that in some re spects Haarmann was like a child, that he would become very happy when given a piece of cheese or a cigar. “He considers.” continued Schulze, “that he has had a won derful life and wants to put it in a novel. He promised me one half of the profits of the sale of the book, the other half to go to Hans Grans, his alleged accom plice. He specified though that Grans must put a wreath on his grave on his’ birthday every yfigr.” ; WANT*Aof ■ HERE ARE A FEW OF THE NEW WANTS APPEARING IN TODAY’S CLASSIFIED SECTION: MEN an train news agent*. A ST. N. E.—Four rooms, bath, gaa electricity, heat, linens in cluded; *66.00. ' , \ MAN —To collect debts and write industrial and ordinary life in surance. i ’ AVE., N. W.—Large room, completely furnished; house keeping; *6.00 week. OIRLS wanted; experienced In Uundry work. \ COLLIE lost; black and white- re- , ward offered. AMATEURS wanted for amateur night. F i TWO COMMUNICATING ROOMS for rent. MT. PLEASANT Three rooms, private bath; unfurnished; *66. ITOUNd MAN wants position as ■tore Clark or bookkeeper. FOB FURTHER DETAIIA TURN TO THE CLASSIFIED SECTION. Entered aa Mcond-claaa matter at Poatofflce at Washington, D. C. WASHINGTON, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1924. SIVES UP ROYAL RIGHTS FOR MAN SHE LOVES ■IM I \ Sister of Crown Prin -11 cess of Japan renounces her royal 1 « I privilege* to wB marry Prince K Sanjo of K:; . - Kyoto, I II W i 18 of the JI IF ut -L - ■v not of royal rank. Their ~hb f month will be a brilliant ... J. ’ I oriental I splendor. . LEW ' DHERNATIPNAL NEWS REEL PRINCESS NOBUKO KUNI. Mail Rate Statistics Puzzle Mr. Hanson By WILLIAM HABD. Elisha Hanson, Washington representative of the American Newspaper Publishers’ Association, was indignant today as he contemplated the fact that no amount of effort on his part had enabled him to understand the percentages and other statistics which the Postoffice Department has sent to Congress to back up the Sterling bill for raising the postal rates on newspapers. The Sterling bill is lying on the table in the Senate but presumably will noon go to the Senate Commit tee on Postoffices and Post Roads, of which Senator Sterling is chair man, and will stay there quite a while in the midst of long hearings regarding the costs of handling first class. second-class, third-class and fourth-class mails. Press For Passage. In the men time every effort will be made by the friends of the postal pay increase bill to press it to passage in the Semite over the President’s veto. ■ Administration forces were today still seeking some method by means of which they can marry the postal pay increase bill to the postal rates increase bill and have them con sidered together. Administration forces then would not much care whether these two bills were passed together or voted down together. In either case, as they look at it, there would be no new burden imposed upon the tax payers. The rate Increases proposed by the Sterling Bill would balance the pay increases proposed by the Edge pay increase bill, and all would be as it was before from the tax paying standpoint. If Bills Are Defeated. That would be the situation if the bills were passed. On the other hand, if the bills were defeated, the situation which now exists would continue and the Treasury would remain the same as at present. It is expected therefore that if the two bills get joined together for consideration, many Administration sympathizers in the Senate will pay little attention to their further fate. This falls In with the fact that Postoffice Department officials are known to have flatly said that the (Continued on Page X Column 2.) OLD UNCLE TOM DIES “IT JUST ABOUT7O” .• . f Writer Recalls Halcyon Days When Aged Hack Driver Was in His Glory By THEODORE TILLER. "Uncle Tom" Carter died early today, There are places in town where that line of type may not mean anything—but over at the National Press Club and dlong what used to be Newspaper Row it will bring sighs and memories of the old , Washington in which "Uncle Tom” had his part. Tom Carter yras an aged colored man. He claimed to be “Just about seventy,” but when he hobbled into the Press Club for his last visit a day or so ago, he seemed eighty-five. • He was so weak then that his white friends sent him home ih a taxicab, giving him a little purse as he left. That’s how they felt toward him. * "Uncle Tom” came here from Fredericksburg in 1866, Just after the war clouds lifted. For a little while he was a porter in a hard ware store. Then he acquired a horse and what the fellows along » (Continued on Page X Column 4.) PublUhad , W—k-dayg N* Y. *PAYS TRIBUTE TO SAMUEL GOMPERS PASTOR TO PLEAD FOO HISLIFE Hight, Accused in Poison Case, Will Act as Attorney in Own Defense By SONIA LEE. International New* Service. MOUNT VERNON, 111., Dec. 17.—Reverend Lawrence M. Hight, counsel for the defense! This Is the newest role which the Jockey turned pastor, now on trial for his life for removing an embarrassing husband from his road to happiness with Elsie Sweetin. is to assume. His counsel, Nelson Layman, let this be known today, formally announcing that, when the time came, the little circuit-rider would argue his own case before the jury which will hold his life in their hands. This course, Layman holds, will serve a double pur pose—first, it will give Hight a chance to protest his innocence, and second, it will enable the jury to accurately gauge the mental capacity of the preacher. Test of Mentality. "If he wanders too much, Lay man said today, ‘Til stop him with a suggestion that he isn't talking sense, and then I’ll turn to the jury and ask them to judge whether this man is responsible for any thing he says or does.” Hight will not again be placed on the witness stand.' layman said, as he has a tendency to wilt under hot cross-examination. The State today was placing on the stand its final witnesses, and it was expected to close its case late this afternoon. Yesterday the town folk of Ina, who have seen Elsie Sweetin grow up from pig-tail days, and who have worshiped at the shrine of the minister, had their day. They took the stand to repeat the gossip of a small town; to tell of taber nacle meetings and prayer meetings: sessions in porch swings, and ex traordinary handshakings between Elsie, the woman who was held "right pretty.” and the preacher who seemed devoted. Comedy In Gossips Tales. Comedy snuggled close to the women's skirts and sneaked up the steps with the witnesses as they t settled down to tell the jury and their neighbors assembled in the court room what they had seen and what they had heard. Every one in Ina, apparently, had noticed something "kinda funny” about Elsie and the preacher. They talked about it and mulled it over the backyard fences, but there was little proof of wrong doing in the stories offered. Today also there arose in court room circles, following yesterday's refusal of the court to admit Elsie’s signed confession to evidence, a question as to whether or not the jury could find the pastor guilty and acquit Elsie, his codefendant for her husband’s murder. layman maintains that with the acquittal of Elsie goes freedom for Hight. He holds that if Elsie did not administer arsenic to Wilford, then Hight cannot possibly be an accomplice by having given it to 1 her. , D. C. MAN DIES AFTER ATTACK OF APOPLEXY Richard P. Johnson, 102 Fifteenth street southeast, died in Emergency Hospital yesterday. He was suffering . from a stroke of apoplexy. , When stricken ..last Friday, he fell to the floor at his home and ’ struck his head, but physicians at , the hospital do. not believe that ' Injuries suffered at that time caused his death, _ . THtyEE CENTS 2 Ministers Arrested With Still-One Was Writing Sermon RICHMOND, Va„ Dec. 17r- Prohibition enforcement officers swooped down on a fifty-gallon still in Wise county and ar rested two Baptist ministers, Floyd Cantrell and Medford Lane, on Charges of operating it, according to a report filed at prohibition enforcement head quarters here today. One of the men is said to have been engaged in writing a sermon when the officers ar rived. Both gave bond pending a hearing in eourt. FOOWNEED GOOD FELLOW GAN FILL Many Are Asking Only That C ristmas Table Be Not Left Bare Appeals for shoes, clothing and food, in perference to dolls and toys, marked the daily flood of letters that was received by the Good Fellows Editor today. With Christmas Eve just one week off, ths unfortunate members of needy families apparently are turn ing from any plans for a Christmas such as they have probably known in the past and are appealing for the bare necessities of life. With the continued flow ot ap peals the necessity for heavily in creased enrollment in the Good Fellow organization becomes neces sary. Specific cases, such as the stricken soldier in a Denver tuber culosis hospital, who, wrote and asked assistance for his family in Washington, have been well cared for. Scores of Other Cases. But there are scores of other cases, many of them almost identi cal , in nature—hungry, ragged children and sick, tired mothers— perhaps not so strikingly appeal ing. but which, nevertheless, are equally deserving With the wife and children of the sick ex-soldier. All of these families, mothers, "'ildren and often fathers, really w 1 the help they ask. ■k-, become a Good Fellow one to express the desire to less fortunate than this time of the year. out the application be found elsewhere on and mailing it to the ! Editor of The Wash one will receive the of a person or whom he can pro vide Christmas happi- ness ■MHfIwMMi T1 publicity attached of the the trolled So of lows ° (he him All been of the Kaniz-ltiW K' School classes t more. Just want to gjvn find per- son who wantWßHß’you are will ing to give him, Cross-Wo,tl Puszle on I Pago 14, T [HOME EDITION FAMILY AT HEAD OF GREAT LINE Thousands View Face of Labor Chieftain—Lies in State at Elks’ Headquarters By WILLIAM PARKER, International News Service. NEW YORK, Dec. 17.—The great city of New York to which Samuel Gompers came sixty-one years ago a penniless immigrant boy, paused thoughtfully in its manifold activities today and paid a noble tribute to his memory. The body of the president of the American Federation of Labor ar rived in New York from Washing ton early today. It will lie in state at the Elks Clubhouse until 9 o’clock tomorrow morning. Funeral services will be at that time. A few hours later the body will be lowered to its final resting place in historic old Sleepy Hollow Cem etery, at Tarrytown, in the rolling Hudson river country made famous by Washington Irving. Station Like Cathedral. The train’ bearing the body of Gompers arrived at the Penn sylvania station at 7 o'clock this momihg. Hurrying hundreds on their way to work stopped outside the station for a brief view of the solemn cortage as it started for the Elks Club House. Although it was nearing the peak of commuters traffic, the huge, cathedral like station build ing was for the time more like a religious edifice than a bustling passenger terminal. There was an unnatural stillness in the vast, high ceilinged, waiting room. It was a silence as of a period of prayer and meditation in a sanctuary. The reverberating voice of the train announcer was silent. Only the soft shuffling of travelers’ feet was audible. Escorted by. a platoon of police, city, state and labor officials, the cortege moved through the down town streets to the Elks House r- Forty-third street. Thousands In lane. The bronze casket was borne on a caissen and draped with an American flag, the symbol of tht nation that was on rhe lips of the great labor leader when he died at San Antonio, outside the club house; other hundreds had gathered, waiting patiently in the rain which shortly began to fall, for the police signal that the public could v enter. Nation, state, city, judiciary, * church, layman and laborer in a seemingly endless queque of silent humanity filed past the bronze .cgqket. far, a last look at the face of the dead leader. The room where the body lay in state was a garden of floral tributes. Four baggage cars were required to bring from Washing ton floral pieces which were sent, as tributes there, and scores more came to the club house from Gomp ers' New York associates and friends. Family Heads Line. An order of precedence was main tained in viewing the body. First came the widow, shrouded in deep black, red-eyed with weeping, but nerved for the ordeal. Accompanying her were the Gom pers three sons, Samuel J., Henry J., and Alexander J. Next came . Samuel Mitchell, of New York, son-