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CHURCH COUNCIL APPROVES BIRTH CONTROL AS MORAL REPORT SAID TO BE FIRST OF KI ND Notables Are Among Signers, yvickersham Among Them; Minority Asks Abstention NEW YORK, March 21.—Broad but conditional approval of birth control is given in a report of the Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America, represent ing a number of Christian de nominations. The report declares that the approval is the first such declara tion ever made by any inter denominational body. Abstention was recommended in a minority report as an “ideal” practice among persons who feel unable to have children. Have Right to Guidance The report, in brief, approves birth control on the grounds that it may be morally right under some circumstances; that some method' of limiting families is necessary, and that abstention is not always a practical method. The report, after stating that birth control has become a fact, added: “The public, therefore, has a right to expect guidance from the church on the moral as pects. “Whatever the final decision of the church may be, it should not seek to impose anti-birth control legislation, nor to seek to prohibit physicians from im parting information regarding the use of contraceptives.” Recognized Procedure The opening paragraphs of the report declared that the use of contraceptives is nearly “the status of a recognized procedure” and that marital love cannot be regarded solely as a means of procreation but as an expression of affection and comradeship. The report also pointed out that the hazards of pregnancy under certain circumstances must be accepted as a fact, and it added that very large families tend to produce poverty, endanger the health of the family, limit oppor tunities of the children, over strain the mother, and take from her the chance of any life larger than home routine. Overpopulation Mentioned The problem of over-population was also mentioned in the re port, which added: "There is general agreement also that sex union between husbands and wives as an ex pression of mutual affection, without relation to procreation, is right. This is recognized bv the Scriptures, by all branches of the Christian Church, by social and medical science and by good sense and idealism of mankind. * “As to the method of control of conception, two ways are possible. One is the use of x contraceptices, or methods other that abstinence, which may be classified as such. The other is self-control, or abstinence, for longer or shorter periods of time. Both may be considered forms of abstinence.” Wickersham a Signer Signers of the report included Mrs. John D. Rockefeller, jr., a S ember of the National Board of ,e Y. W. C. A.: George W. Wickersham, and Mrs. Jonr Fergu son, president of the National Council of Federated Church women. ‘ Minority signatories, who ad mitted that their idea of abstan ence is an “ideal of perfection,” were: The Very Rev. Howard Chand ler Robbins, professor of the General Theological Seminary,i New York; Mrs. Orrin R. Judd, president of the Council of Women for Home Missions. New .York, and Mrs. Robert E. Speer, president of the National Board ot the Y. W. C. A„ New York. ’ Three members expressed no opinion. They were the Rt. Rev. Charles K. Gilbert, Suffragan Bishop of New York: the Rev. Ben R. Lacy, president of the Union Theological Seminary, Richmond, Va., and Mrs. W. A. Newell, chairman of the Bureau Os Social Service, M. E. Church South, Grensboro, N. C. Columbus U. Class To Give Stag Party A stag party, consisting of a buffet supper and smoker, will be given by the masculine members of the freshman class of Co lumbus University at 8:30 o’clock tonight in the Harrington Hotel. Among those who will entertain are Miss Florence Yocum, soloist, winner of the Atwater Kent radio contest; Billy Mclntyre,; dancer Bill Stokes and Joe Garvery.- black-face comedians, and a five piece orchestra. Baker Made Editor Os Foreign Affairs • NEW YORK, March 21.—New ton D. Baker will serve as a member of the editorial advisory board of Foreign Affairs, quar terly review, takinig the place left vacant by the death of Gen. Tasker H. Bliss. Safely Anchored Hardmg Kfill v\ A Wlliiife® EgOl \\\ AA ' -K Iffy A ship, as everybody knows, Needs anchors that will hold in blows. In sudden tempests of the sea Good anchors mean security. HOOVER TO TALK AT SAN JUAN / (Continued From Page 1) season pleasantly real for Presi dent Hoover and his party. Flan nels appeared as if by magic, and officers changed into spotless white. The great steel ship, plowing along at an average speed of 14 knots, was spic and span after generous applications of “elbow grease,” by several hundred sail ors, who trimmed her down for a “captain’s inspection” this morning. Forty hours after leaving Old Point Comfort the battleship was proceeding along east of Palm Beach, headed for the western tip of Porto Rico. President Hoover, contrary to his custom, did not follow any definite schedule of exercise, de claring that this cruise would be strictly vacational with “no rules.” He spent most of his time resting and chatting with officers. Another attempt will be made sometime during the day to pick up the voice ot Herbert Hoover, jr., who has a home-made radio set at Asheville, N. C. Amateurs interferred in yesterday’s ex periment carried out by ship’s officers. President Hoover com mented: "Well, its a home-made set, don’t have too much faith in - it.” Although reiterating that the present trip was primarily a vaca tion cruise, the chief executive said he would deliver a brief ad dress of no political import at San Juan on Monday, respond ing in the main to the island's greeting. EXWSSON BEATEN IN RIOT (Continued From Page 1) tional News Service he had been struck “over the shoulder, on the left part of my head, and on my arm.” Said Prince August: “I spoke very calmly in order not to irritate the policemen who were on the platform with us. The crowd which was ac companying us was not larger than that which might accom pany any well-known sportsmen. “Suddenly and without warn ing about 30 policemen stormed the platform. I showed my train ticket to a police n.ajor to prove that I was a passenger, but he gave a sign to another policeman, who began striking me. “Goebbels also was struck on the head, and a lady who attempted to intercede was like wise struck. “Such ruthless procedure on the part of the police const!- tues a scandalous action.** THE WASHINGTON TIMES Convicts ‘Taken for Ride, ’ Joliet Riot Quiz Told (Continued From Page 1) the committee wants answered. Either that—or something else may happen.” The legislator did not elaborate on his threat, and the rector continued with his story. Whitmeyer, 41 years old, was youthful looking in his garb of the Episcopal clergy. He smoked cigarettes nonchalantly while tes tifying. Before he was ordained in 1927 he worked on, or pub lished, newspapers in Downers Grove, Bensonville, Evanston, and LaSalle, 111., and in Pottsville, Pa. He has served in parishes at BIRLINIIEW DROP DUTIES VIENNA, March 21 (I.N.S). The Austrian press today hailed the agreement abolishing customs duties between Germany and Aus tria as the first step toward closer political relations between the two nations. Prague Nationalist papers charged customs arrangements contrary to existing peace treaties and demanded vigorous counter action by tht league. Customs on all but a few minor items were done away with under the new union. SIO,OOO Libel Action Filed Against Firm Malicious libel is charged In the SIO,OOO damage suit filed in Cir cuit Court by William R. Pruitt against the Liberal Credit Cloth ing Company as the result of the efforts of the latter to collect a bill claimed to have been owed by Mr. Pruitt. Mr. Pruitt, an engineer, teach ing at McKinley Manual Train ing School, informs the court that he never owed the clothing firm anything at any time, but recently th" firm wrote a letter to school authorities seeking to collect an overdue bill which they declaicd he owed. Mr. Pruitt says he has been forced to acc-'pt a lower salaried position because of the letter. Lone Club Member Killed in Gang War NEW YORK. March 21 (1.N.5.). Alleged beer-running activities were blamed today by police for the murder of Irving Yager, 30. He was left alone in an East Side club last night and when the owner returned he discovered Yager’s body. He had been shot four times. The owner told police the club was empty, except for Yager, when he left. CONDITION OFTREASURY Treasury balance as of March 19, $755,974,673.65: expenditures, $15,399,936.76; customs receipts. $19,208,596,14. t Our savings, too, must be secure By banking safeguards that make sure Our ships of finance safely ride In harbor when storms break outside. Union City, Tenn., and Canton, 111. Many convicts came to him to mail letters in order to escape the censor, the ex-chaplain explained. He said: “These men came to me in confidence and I did not feel it was proper for me to report them personally, but I did go to Deputy Warden Kness and told him that it might be well to watch my office and the men who came to it* If they were searched such letters would have been found. I even of fered to permit the installation of a dictaphone, but Warden Hill was not in favor.” birth control STIRS CLERGY (Continued From Page 1) ing in the direction of birth control, although proponents of the question are rather in the minority, and for this reason it is not deemed likely that this particular church will follow the lead of the Federal Council. Opinions Withheld Others who were asked regard ing the question were the Rev. William S. Abernathy. Ernest C. Atkinson, John E. Briggs, the Rev. Paul Sperry and the Rev. James Shera Montgomery. In each instance the clergymen declined to express any individual opinions on birth control, declar ing that it is a subject which will have to be taken up by the various general conventions of the several denominations of Protestant churches. LEWIOUM ON DREISER SLAP TOLEDO, Ohio, March 21 (I. N.S.).—“I don’t care to say anything about it.” That was the response of Sin clair Lewis, Nobel Prize winner, today to questions as to how he felt about his tiff with Theodore Dreiser, noted American novelist, at a recent banquet in New York. Lewis, who arrived here today to deliver a lecture at a Toledo book club, said he had decided to make no comments on the Dreiser affair, which ended with Lewis receiving two slaps on the face from Dreiser’s hand. COUNSELLOR SPEAKS ' Eagle Freshwater, merchandise counsellor, will be the principal speaker at a meeting of the Ad vertising Club of Washington Tuesday at 12:30 o’clock in the auditorium of the National Press Club. The National Daily NAVAL PLANE'S CRASH TRACED TO PLOTTER New Evidence Links Kassay With Airplane Sabotage; Bond Is Fixed at $20,000 AKRON, Ohio, March 21 G.N. S.).—Hearing for Paul F. Kassay, 37, on charges of criminal syndi calism in connection with the al leged plot to destroy the new Navy dirigible, the Akron, was continued until next Thursday by Municipal Judge Frank Harvey today on the request of Assistant County Prosecutor Georges Har greaves. Kassay’s bond was set at $20,- 000. Mrs. Yetta Land, attorney for the accused man, stated that the bond was being raised and that Kassay probably would be re leased late today. Agents of the Department of Justice, who said Kassay had ad mitted the dirigible plot, an nounced they have found evidence linking Kassay with the crash of a Navy bombing plane at San Diego, Calif., last September, when a pilot was killed. Wings Tampered With One of the bomber's wings mys teriously collapsed when the plane was in normal flight and investi gation disclosed the ship had been tampered with. Kassay at one time was em ployed at the Great Lakes Air craft Corporation at Cleveland, the firm that built 18 TG-7 type Navy planes, one of which figured in the San Diego crash. Investi gation disclosed that two of this group of bombers had been weak ened after they had passed in spection. Both planes were tam pered with in such a manner that the wings would collapse under normal stress. Riveting Defective Under-cover agents who worked beside Kassay in constructing the Akron charge he attempted to weaken the dirigible’s structural work by freezing rivets in place with Ice to pass inspection tests. William J. McDermott, assistant United States District Attorney, said he did not know how ex tensive the airplane sabotage plot was, but explained he was con vinced the San Diego crash was related to the alleged attempt to destroy the Akron. 1 fl I • 9m Li I . t 4 > I •< ’’ 599 l I | ’ *•*. t jl* B I • -I J| « •• k l a • V ¥ H i rav m ''' ; * dnSi HR JjllifSSl I Ji W f Ik I Mtgy - B. s wf '' ' wi v ' ' v > - • •> t**JC*w vsWw , 4 ' a' ' 1 f _ * 7 . V < ' t lIJI — Photo by International M. E. BRAY MICHAEL IGOE WARDEN HILL THE RECENT RIOTING at the Illinois State prison in which several convicts were critically injured by guards after they had set fire to many of the buildings is being investigated by the governor’s commission. The members of the commis sion are shown at the Stateville penitentiary. SATURDAY—MARCH 21—1931 Investigators of Prison Riot “Mercy Fliers” Ready for Take Off k Ji ! —Photo by Internationa! CAPT. ALBERT EDSON BERT BALCHEN RANDY ENSLOW THESE FLIERS ARE SHOWN just before taking off at the Boston Airport to search through the polar seas for possible survivors of the ill-fated vessel Viking on which three American motion picture men were traveling to the arctic to make additional scenes in a film, “White Thunder,” which was started more than a year ago. Crazed Father's Toll Now 4 as Boy Dies BUCHANAN, Ga„ March 21 (I.N.S.).—The death list of the tragic fit of insanity that drove Thomas Latham, 44, wealthy farmer, to beat the life from his wife and a small daughter with a hammer, attack three other children and then slay himself, was swelled to four yesterday as Grady Latham, 13, died in a hos pital. Lady Mountbatten Visits Marion Davies LOS ANGELES, March 21 (I. N.S.).—Lady Mountbatten, cousin of the Prince of Wales, wife of Lord Louis Mountbatten and heiress to one of the largest for tunes in England, arrived yester day for a visit with her friend. Miss Marion Davies, motion pic ture star. Balchen Feels Ice Floe Search Will Be Vain (Continued From Page 1) remained unaccounted for was A. G. Penrod, cameraman. Scan Island and Bay The aviators will cruise over Horse Island and White Bay, scene of the tragedy in which some 20 men were killed out right, and scan the ice packs for any possible survivors. They will carry a load of food and medical supplies to drop to inhabitants of the island, who sheltered 127 men after their escape from the shattered ship and the hazardous ice floes. The fliers themselves enter tained little hope of finding further survivors, but said they would leave no hummock un- scanned before giving up their l attempt. Balchen said: “There seems to be only a slight chance that our expedi tion will accomplish its pur pose. The odds, apparently, are - against us, but we’ll do everything possible.” Weather Very Bad Weather reports from the frozen area were distinctly unfavorable, indicating that a new winter storm was agitating the vicinity of Horse Island. ‘ The two-engine plane used by Balchen and his companions has a cruising speed of 120 miles an hour, and can alight on land or sea. Snowstorms and gales which have raged in northern New foundland the past week delayed the progress of the rescue steamer Sagona, which has 110 survivors of the tragedy aboard. It was caught in the ice while en route here. The remaining survivors, with the exception of seven left on Horse Island because of their physical condition, were placed aboard another of the several rescue vessels in the vicinity. Bucm» HEARD AT TRIAL DETROIT, March 21 (1.N.5.), The “voice” of Gerald Buckley came back from the grave today to accuse the underworld of his slaying. Radio speeches made by the murdered crime-crusading radio announcer were read into the records at the trial of Ted Pizzino, Angelo Livecchi and Joe Bom marito, three alleged gangsters, for his murder. A total of 64 speeches was read. In them were found Buckley’s at tacks on the underworld and on the administration of Mayor Charles Bowles, who later was ousted from office. Buckley told of threats he had received from the underworld. It was just four days after he re ceived the final threat that he was “put on the spot.” Police Search Asked For Missing Girl, 16 Police today broadcast a look out for Norma Rebecca Leonard. 16. of 3700 Eighteenth St. N. E . who has been missing since last night, when she left her place of employment, 69 Rhode Island Ave. N. W., to go home. Miss Leonard, who has not been seen since she left the Rhode Island Avenue address, is 5 feet 6 inches tall and weighs 110 pounds. She wore a black coat, trimmed with fur collar and cuffs; a plaid dress, a brown hat, black shoes and light stockings. She has blonde hair, blue eyes and a fair complexion. Banks Defeats 26 At Chess, Checkers Newell W. Banks. American chess and checker champion, last night defeated 26 opponents and tied seven in a public match at both games at the Y. M. C. A.. 1736 G St. N. W. Walking from table to table, he played the 33 opponents simul taneously. and easily defeated four of the players while playing blindfolded.