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BULBS IN HOLLAND; WINES IN FRANCE; TAXIS IN N. Y. — By GILBERT SELDES — f NEW YORK, Dec. 29. TE finances of the world will probably not be shaken by ews that the flower bulb industry in Holland is in a bad way. The General Society of Bulb Culture blames the tariff. On the bright side is the fact that a hundred mil lion pounds of bulbs could be sold in a depression year, al . . though the money realized was unsatis- vVVRI r j GILBERT SEI.BES Aj>d when the whole thing was over, no doubt the solid burghers blamed their leaders anji wante to know who and what would get them out of their trouble, fating a Fortune No one quite knew why the boom started. Everyone knew that the actual demand for bulbs to be planted came no where near justifying the prices paid. It was just a boom time, like the time of the Mississippi and South Sea bubbles. One story remains of the tulip mania. A sailor, home from distant parts, come into a store and bought some bread and fish, and on his way out picked up an onion to add zest to his meal. The onion he ate was a $5,000 bulb. That practical sailor was a critic of the economic system. Too Much Wine The French situation is none too good either. With a population of 41,000.000. France has nearly 17,000,000 im perial gallons of wine for sale, and although our prohibition ists feel that the French must be a nation of drunkards, the difficulty is not that the amount of wine is too little, but that it is too great. (The 41,000,000 includes women and children, as well as natural drinkers.) So each country faces its own surplus. Brazil compresses coffee beans for firing engines. America feeds wheat to hogs, and France, which seems to be a little more sensible, is not going to make the Seine run red with wine, but will probably begin to serve free wine as a table drink in all its restaurants. Men Must Eat A fgw weeks ago I read some correspondence from France which struck me as fantastic even in these times of e.conomic fantasy. It appeared that the bottlers of table water were trying to make the purchase of a quantity of-water obliga tory with each meal. Quick to protect themselves, the pro fessional organizations interested in tripe, and truffles and shrimps and mushrooms, and all other delicacies of the French table, appealed to the government 'to make their product equally compulsory. The one thing they all left out was a law making eating compulsory. Taxi-Control A new taxicab control board has been created for New York, and in the first announcement it appears that a miracle will be “passed” very shortly. There are now 19.- 500 cabs in operation, and “it is intended to effect an even tual reduction to 15,000 without eliminating any of the present operators,” A greater and more gratifying miracle would be instruct ing taxi-drivers how to drive taxis; or perhaps a course of study in the pschology of patrons might serve. The condi tions are virtually identical in every American city; a red light goes on and in theory the taxi stops. In practice, the taxi usually slides by one cross street just as the light changes, and the driver looks back for applause from the patron for saving him time and money. Too Costly Quite apart from the nervous exhaustion this brings on. the practice is wasteful. Unless the taxi is going on an endless straight line, the thing to do is to turn off the street a few seconds before the light changes so that it is at the next crossing by the time the green light comes on. I have been in the hands of taxi-drivers who have so timed their lights that they have gone from one end of the city di agonally to the other with hardly a single wait; but that is exceptional. In the present condition of traffic in New the same ride taken at about the same time of day may vary in cost from 80 cents to a $1.20. The difference is largely waiting time. So far no taxi company has abolished waiting time. Hoover Poses Thrice * "Within Five Minutes Photographers stationed at tht White House worked at top speed yesterday when President Hoover posed with three delegations in less than five minutes. The first pose was with the Oberlin Glee Club. He then posed with the Kingston. Pa.. Boy Scout troor and the University of California football team. t Girl Scouts to Hear Mrs. Gerrit Miller Mrs. Gerrit s. Miller. Jr.. Girl Scout commissioner, will address members of the organization at the Camp May Flather reunion In Barker Hall tomorrow at 6:30 p. m. Other speakers include . Mrs B. F. Cheatham, chairman of the camp committee, and Miss Dorothy Greene, director of the local Scouts. » ~ ~~ SSO for News Tips—Ten Cash Prizes Each Week —Phone News Tip Editor, Washington Times, District 5260 Keep Your Eyes Open for Unusual Events—Don’t Write—PJione Between 6:30 A. M. and 6 P. M. factory Tulipmania I wonder if the good Hollanders re call the time of the tulipma* ia. when a bulb was worth 20 or 30 times its weight in gold. There was a bulb mar ket. and speculation in bulbs and short selling, and unexampled prosperity— and a crash, which led to a panic. People bought and sold bulbs which they had never seen and never expected to see-; it sounds terribly fooli'-h and it also sounds exactly like the stock speculations of 1928. They had the same stories .of sudden wealth and sud den despair. There vas one rare bulb which sold, as 1 recall it. for $20,000. SKIPPY By Percy Crosby I Jo 'a/W o&illnlS ® iqqi ! Perc * L C ro *t>y- G re *t Britain rights reaerradT* .— — c I |,l/WT'*lX < - 31 ) King Features Syndicate. Inc. . . ' A Z - - —a M/ / X SKIPPY WASHiNG|OHTIM E S I Telephone District 5260 HOOVER SEEN OPPOSED TO U. S. PAY CUTS ☆ ☆ ☆ ☆ • ☆ ☆ ☆ ☆ ■ ☆ ft ft “Peace Time Army” Urged as Permanent Jobless Aid GENERAL STAFF WOULD DIRECT WORKERS Richard T. Ely Explains Plan Which Would Take Up Slack in Industry Establishment of a “peace time army” as an immediate step to relieve unemployment and as a permanent mech anism for takqing up slack in periods of depression was ad vocated today by Richard T. Ely, president of the Ameri can Land Economics Associa tion. at the annual meeting of that organization at the Wash ington Hotel. Peace Time Army The “peace-time army" would be so organized that it could be expanded indefinitely, he said. Whenever a depression occurs, this would take care of the immediate situation, and in the meantime, labor and capital would be finding new occupa tions, Mr. Ely asserted. He said: ‘‘The pay of those in the ‘peace-time army,’ apart from the standing army, would be somewhat like that of soldiers during the World War, with provisions for families, etc. ‘‘The general staff of the ‘peace-time army’ would know the qualifications of those in the army and be ready to assist in the transfer back to industry of the soldiers in the ‘peace-time army’ as adjust ments were made by labor and capital.” Better Than Dole He stressed the advantage of such an army over the dole sys tem of unemployment insurance. He said: “Suppose, for example, there should be a return of prosperity and the United States Steel Company should have need of 10,000 employes of various sorts. It could turn at once to the general staff and worker? could be sent to Pittsburgh or Chi cago, or wherever else they might be needed.” The use of Government credit on a large scale is a most con structive method of dealing with the present economic situation. Father John O’Grady, of Catholic University, told members of the American Economic Association, also meeting at the Washington Hotel. He said: “A large Federal bond issue, floated in the same dramatic way as our Liberty Loan cam paigns, would call out much of our hoarded wealth and put it into circulation. If the Federal Government fails to use its credit boldly in the present crisis, we are faced inevitably with further reduction in values, further business and bank fail ures.” 'The Other Wise Man' Final Show Tonight The final presentation of “The Other Wise Man” will take place tonight at 8:30 o’clock, at Luther Place Memorial Church. > The Rev. Dr. Earle Wilfley. who appeared as “The Voice” will be unable to assume that role tonight. Arthur Bradley White, a local actor, will take his place. Mrs. Hoover attended the performance yesterday after noon. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1931 SKEW BRUTALITY CHARGES FACE POLICEMEN Gen. Glassford indicates Trial Board Action Looms for “Less Than Dozen” Several policemen within the next few days will face trial hoard action as an out growth of the recent third-de gree probe by the Department of Justice. Police Superintendent Pelham D. Glassford said that from Justice Department reports he had gleaned information against “less than a dozen policemen” in volving them in various degrees of brutality. Charges shortly will be sub mitted to a special body of police officials for recommenda tions as to action. General Glassford indicated, if after thorough investigation, he believes it necessary, official trial board action will follow. A Washington policeman, Jere miah J. Cullinane, is under SIOO bond pending an appearance in Police Court, January 5. on a charge of assaulting a prisoner. • Accuser Under Bond Wilber A. Hoffman. 614 Massa chusetts Ave., who brought the charges against the policeman, was arrested on a housebreaking charge and is at present held un der SI,OOO bond. Cullinane, it is said, was forced to subdue the man when he re sisted while being shifted from one cell to another. R. Bogley Named D* C. Masonic Master At the annual St. John’s Day communication of the District Grand Lodge of Masons last night, Reuben A. Bogley was elected grand master, succeeding C. «Fred Cook. Other officers were advanced and interest cen tered in the lowest price, that of junior grand steward, which was awarded by ballot to Ara M. Daniels. Aubrey H. Clayton was designated grand lecturer, a non progressive office. After installing the new of ficers, retiring Grand Master Cook was presentd with the usual past grand master’s jewel by the grand lodge and a beautiful Oriental rug by the constituent lodges. Brown to Listen In On Aviator's Chats Air mail pilots probably will keep close tabs on radio conversa tions now. Postmaster General Brown yes terday had installed in his office a new short-wave telephone set, with which he intends to amuse himself when business is dull by listening in on the conversations of air mail pilots. Girl, 10, in Hospital After Auto Accident Grace Pruitt, 10, of 2014 Michi gan Ave. N. E., is at Casualty Hospital today recovering from injuries received when struck by an automobile near her home yes terday afternoon. The automo bile, police said, was operated by Clyde William Petty, 27, of 109 Eighth St. N. W. The girl told Mr. Petty she was uninjured. However, he followed her to her home and then, with her parents, took her to Casualty Hospital. Office Address, 1317-21 H 8L N. w7| THIEVES CLEAN OUT CASH REGISTER ■■B > • * i—nt » •jr * • « » B- ~ JMIBBBHHB IT & ft -W pa B 1 bKKui 1. fl HI ■ (Pw I 2 ft® it * It 'iH S T —lb ■■BMHBBHMMMMMMBBBMMMHBMMBHHBHBBBHBIBBfc ’•'•■BBBBF ftBMMBT <■ —Times Staff Photo MISS MUSGROVE AT CASH REGISTER WHICH WAS RIFLED THE CASH REGISTER in the office of the Takoma Motor Company, Takoma Park, was rifled of SIOO yesterday by thieves who gained entrance by forcing a win dow. Miss Edna Musgrove, Silver Spring, Md., is standing beside the register. POLICE CAPTAIN IS RETIRED Capt. James E. Wilson, of the Ninth precinct, was ordered re tired today by the District Com missioners under the 64-year re tirement law. Captain Wilson’s retirement is effective Decem ber 31. At the same time, the Commis sioners ordered the promotion of Lieut. Sydney J. Marks to fill the vacancy and named Detective Sergeant Ira E. Keck, aide to Police Commissioner Herbert B. Crosby, to the post of lieutenant. Captain Wilson is to receive a pension of $l5O a month from the police and firemen’s relief fund. The Commissioners also ordered the promotion of three precinct detectives to the rank of detective sergeants. The vacancies were created by the retirement of De tective Sergeant Harry A. Cole, the death of Detective Sergeant James A. Springmann, and the promotion of Detective Sergeant Keck. Those promoted were A. M. Tolson. E. F. Lewis, and E. P. Hartman. International Head Guest of Civitans Harold Tshudi, of Baltimore, in ternational president of Cavitan, was a guest of the Washington Civitan Club at the tenth Christ mas party luncheon at the La fayette Hotel today. Features of the program, ar ranged under the direction of Wil liam Humphreys, included an ad dress by Dr. Alan A. Stockdale, pastor of the First Congregational Church, and music by the junior choir of the Calvary Methodist Episcopal Church. Dr. Maurice L. Townsend, president, was in charge. Swell Seen In Strength Os Wets Conviction that ‘‘the tide is swelling against prohibition” was expressed yesterday by the ’ Crusaders who pointed out that more than 80 bills asking for repeal or modification of the Eighteenth Amendment have already been introduced at the ■ present Congress. I Repeal bills have averaged ’ about 70 per session, with about 18 bills urging greater prohi tion enforcement. This year there is only one bill support > ing the Volstead act. Intro duced by Representative Blan- I ton (D.) of Texas, it provides for the use of military and naval forces for enforcement, 4 Per Cent of Income Goes to Physicians : Medical care costs the people : of the United States approxi mately 3 to 4 per cent of the • total national income, Dr. Ray • Lyman Wilbur, Secretary of the Interior, told members of Social Science Societies/now convening here. Although Dr. Wilbur said , this amount was not excessive, he added that a substantial per - centage is paid for the services . of “sub-standard practitioners.” i ; Fire in Hotel Room Laid to Cigarette Fire at an early hour today . startled residents of the Mon mouth Hotel, 1819 G St. N. W., i and did SSOO damage. The fire was confined to the ; apartment of C. E. Slade. Fire . men said Blade fell asleep while i smoking a cigarette, which fell into the bed and set it afire. NEWS OF SUBURBS HOOVERS READY FORNEWYEAR President and Mrs. Hoover are all set to spend a strenuous New Years Day, when assisted by members of the cabinet -nd their wives, they will exchange New Years greetings with mem bers of the Diplomatic Corps, the justices of the United States Supreme Court, the local courts, Senators and Congressmen, rank ing officers of the Army, Navy and Marine Corps, and other principal officers of the Govern ment. However, it is the public recep tion that is regarded as the out standing feature of this annual White House function. This will begin at 1 o’clock, when the Pres ident and Mrs. Hoover will greet thousands. Last year they greeted more than 5,000 persons in the reception line. The New Year Day ceremonies at the White House will begin at 11 o’clock with an informal re ception to the Cabinet, after which they will greet the Diplo matic Corps in the Blue Room. Following luncheon at noon, the President and Mrs. Hoover will then begin to receive the >ong public line, also in the Blue Room. Chamber Planning Education Campaign Plans for a sustained six months’ effort in vital directions were adopted by the executive committee in charge of the second year of the Washington Chamber of Commerce five-year program, at a meeting today. While the upbuilding of the membership is to be one of the major objectives the committee will also inaugurate a campaign of education as to the aims and accomplishments of the organiza tion. The program will continue from January 11 to June 25. PRESIDENT Si TD OPPOSE PM GUTS Will Express His Disapproval “At Proper Time,’’ It Is • Believed Now Reduction of Federal sala ries only as a last resort in cutting Government expendi tures was reported today as the attitude of President Hoover and Representative Henry T. Rainey, Democratic floor leader. Although the President has not asked for salary increases in un der-average grades, as he did last year, he is reported to be antag onistic to pay slashes. The prophecy that “at the proper time” the President would exoress his disapproval of pay cuts was expressed yesterday by officials of the National Federa tion of Federal Employes. Only as Last Resort Representative Rainey yester day said that he favored reduc tions only as a last resort when other devices to reduce expendi tures and to meet the deficit had failed. In the event that salaries were reduced they should be cut in the Army and Navy and in Congress, Rainey said. Reduc tions should not apply, however, he said, to incomes of less than $5,000 a year. Employes Federation Prepares to Fight Strong opposition to cutting salaries of Federal employes will be set up January 8, when the executive council of the National Federation of Federal Employes assembles here for a legislative conference. The federation had intended to devote its Capitol campaign chiefly to reclassifying field em ployes and other improvements sought by the Government work ers. However, the increasing number of bills introduced asKing for salary reductions has put the federation on the defensive and first attention will be given to fighting the wage reductions. Federation leaders have ex pressed concern over the growing sentiment in Congress to reduce the Federal payroll. Clasisfica tion of field employes as a prin ciple may also be fought by the American Federation of Labor, which thus far has opposed he plan only insofar as it affects present or potential trades union members. A complete legislative campaign will be undertaken at the council meeting. Memorial Builders To Meet in Capital The annual convention of the Memorial Craftsmen of America will be held in Washington, August 15 to 19, according to announcement made by the Greater National Capital Com mittee today It is expected to draw 1.500 delegates. • An exhibit of monuments will weight more than 1,000,000 pounds, according to Lester Har his, of Chicago, executive secre tary. who spent more than a week here studying facilities. California Players Drill Before Hoover The University of California football team went through a few practice formations on the South grounds of the White House yes terday while President Hoover and his family looked on. The players were accompanied to the Executive Mansion by Representa tive Carter <R.). California. After greeting the President they went to Annapolis. Justice Wheat Hurt By New York Fall Chie Justice Aired A. Wheat of the District Supreme Court was in a hospital in New York today as the result of a fall. Acting Chief Justice Jennings Bailey learned by telephone this morning. The chief justice has been in New York several days on a holi day visit. His condition was said not to be series, but he is not ex pected to return to the bench when court is reconvened Mon day.