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SACRIFICE OF CLERKS’ STANDARD OF LIVING SEEN BY GREEN WARNING HEARD Os COMMERCE CHAMBER Attack on Pay Cut Plan Made By A. F. of L. Head at Ses sion of Capital Trade Group Indicating something of the unsettling effect a Federal salary cut would have upon Washington business men. President William Green, of the American Federation of Labor told the Washington Chamber of Commerce last night the already limited standard of living of Govern ment here will be sacrificed if one-tenth of their income is taken from them. Pointing out that 97 per cent of citizens pay no Federal in come tax. and that a Federal salary cut will not reduce taxes of the small business man, labor er or farmer through economies effected, Green called Govern ment workers “notoriously under paid” and urged opposition to the movement by his audience. “Social distress would prevail'’ as a result of wage cuts, and Washington’s general business conditions would suffer in such a curtailment of purchases re sulting from a salary cut, he said. He continued: "It is astonishing to note that in the three-fourths of a million civil employes of the Government, only three in 500 receive 15,000 or more. Abqut one in six receives less than 91,000, and three out of four receive less than $2,200.” "It will be necessary to draw the reduction from those least able to pay it. A 10 per cent cut will reduce the civil payroll about one and one-half per cent, and will re duce the total expenditures only about one-third of one per cent.” FHEED ON BOND, JAILED AGAIN Morris Boswell, colored, 611 P St. N. W., out on a SSOO bond for transporting alleged whisky, was arrested again today by the same policeman who captured him yes terday with 72 gallons of alleged liquor. Policeman Charles Barnes, after a chase of four miles, captured Boswell when his car overturned on a curve near Glenmont on the Brookeville Pike. Boswell was taken to the Silver Spring substation. Today Bos well had added a smoke screen to his car’s equipment, it was charged, making it difficult to follow him. U. S. Troops to Quit China for Manila The Thirty-first U. S. Infantry, rushed from Manila to Shanghai in January to protect American lives, probably will return to Manila about the middle of June, the State Department revealed to day. GASTON MEANS AFTER ARRAIGNMENT fl - V M • 111 I I. _y t mBBEF SMI i |lp v . I i 11l 11 tc J 111. Hk. o I IfM wy ? XXI —Times Staff Photo MEANS CONROY GASTON B. MEANS, after his arraignment on an indictment charging larceny after trust. The indictment charges that Means obtained SIOO,OOO from Mrs. Evelyn Walsh McLean as ransom for the Lindbergh baby. Means is talking to Jimmy Conroy, a bondsman. NEW PHOTO OF AMBASSADOR MELLON ■mrißMMn ill? S Os Jk ▼ vl t f < w Ajflt dIV- X Jg ’y ' is Ab ■ ’MB ’’• a. W.TI MMfl FTW. .-Jfc- —«b MELLON ATHERTON ANDREW MELLON, former Secretary of the Treasury, poses for International News Photographic Service cameraman at American Embassy in London for first photographs since he became Ambassador to England. With him are shown David E. Finley (left), honorary counselor to the embasy, and Ray Atherton (right), counselor. G.P.D.GRANTED 5500.0D0 An emergency appropriation of $500,000 to enable the Govern ment Printing Office to continue congressional printing for the re mainder of the fiscal year was quickly approved in the Senate today. Senator Jones, chairman of the Appropriations Committee, said the congressional printing fund was x.Jiausted and that George Carter, the Public Printer, had ad vised that much of the congres sional printing, including the daily Record, would have to stop next week. The emergency fund, proposed in a House resolution on motion o. Jones, was to have been pro vided in the regular legislative ap propriations budget, but that measure is still tied up in the Ap propriations Committee because it carries the general economy pro gram which the committee is in vestigating. SCHOOL TO GET FRENCH BUST Named in honor of the Marquis de Lafayette, the Lafayette School, Broad Branch Road and Northampton Street Northwest, will receive a bust of the famous French officer from the French government at ceremonies to be held Monday at 2 p. m. The bust will be presented by Col. F. Pillon, military attache of the ’’Tench government, and will be accepted on behalf of the Board of Education by Dr. Frank W. Ballou, superintendent of schools. Colon r Pillon will also plant a memorial tree at the exercises at which Dr. Abram Simon, presi dent of the school board, will pre side. THE WASHINGTON TIMES Letters to Jafsie Bare Swindlers’ Shrewdness (Continued from Page 3) more meeting from March 12. Those confidential conferences after we arrangements to hazardous for us. We will not allow ouer man to confer in a way like befor. Circumstances will not allow us to make transfare like you wish. It is impossible for us. 'Wy chuld we move the baby and face danger to take an other person to plase is entirely out of puestion. It seems you are afraid if we are the right party and if the boy is alright becuase we probably have to pay well you hvae ouer signa ture and always the same as the first one, specially three 3 holes. “Now we will send you the sleeping suit from the baby be sides it means 3 extra expenses (probably meant buy) another one. Pleace tell Mrs. Lindbergh note to worry the baby is well. We only have to give him more food as the diet says. WANTED NEW WAY “You are willing to pay 70000 note 50000 $ without see ing the baby first or note. Let us know about that. We want another way. Because we don’t like to give up. If you are . willing to accept this deal, put those in the paper. “‘I accept. Money is ready.’ “Ouer program is: After 8 houers we have the mony re ceived he will notify you wher the bbay. If there is any wayy (probably meant delay) you will be responsible for what will follow.” The identifying signature was drawn at the lower right-hand corner of the paper. Shortly after Condon began communicating with she swin dlers through newspaper adver tisements in which he signed himself “Jafsie,” a new letter was received at the Condon home. It read: “You know our program. We sent you the baby’s sleeping suit. Did you give it to Mr. Lindbergh. We will not com- municate with you any more and we will wait until you write us in the paper. "This kidnaping case was prepared a year ago already, so the police will have no look in searching for us and the baby. The baby is well. Tell Mr. Lindbergh his search for the baby will do no good.” Following receipt of this letter Dr. Condon inserted an adver tisement acknowledging receipt of the sleeping garment and appealing to the kidnapers to “understand” his position. ~~ Other Ads Printed No response was received. Other ads were published and finally this one: “Money is ready. Furnish simple code for us to use in paper—Jafsie.” A reply came. It was: “There is no use to furnish you with a code. You know our program. There is no use to delay. If you don’t give us the money by Bth ot April we will add $30,000 and Mr. Lindbergh will have to pay SIOO,OOO, not $70,000. “We will keep the baby in our save plase. Mr. Lindbergh is foolish to follow those false clues. He knows who is the right party and can tell by our signature which is the same on the first ransom note. Mr. Lindbergh does not have to worry about the baby. The child is safe.” The false “clues” apparently referred to the negotiations be ing carried on by others around Norfolk. Was No Alternative The letter was a plain ulti matum. There was no alter native. Dr. Condon urged pay ment as the only hope. Mrs. Lindbergh agreed with him. Col onel Lindbergh agreed. At Dr. Condon’s home the father signed the following au thorization : "I hereby authorize Dr. John F. Condon to deliver the sum of $70,000 to whomsoever in his judgment he believes to be the kidnapers of my son.” And so It was agreed and done. When he met the emissary, Dr. Condon said: “The reason why there was so much delay in obtaining the money is because Colonel Lind bergh isn’t as wealthy as he is supposed to be.” The emissary was nervous. His one thought was to get the money and then be off. He blurted out: “All right, we’ll be satisfied with $50,000.” Dr. Condon replied: “I’ll get the money for you right away. Walt.” Returned with $50,000 He returned to the machine where Colonel Lindbergh was waiting with $70,000 In a box. Twenty thousand was hurriedly removed. Dr. Condon returned to the cemetery with $50,000. The man took the money and told Condon the baby would be found aboard the yacht Nellie off Martha’s Vineyard. A fruitless search followed. All the while the baby was lying dead a few miles from Lindbergh’s home. Powell to Be Asked To Write Symphony To promote American music by American composers, the National Federation of Music Clubs, meeting at the Hotel May flower, announced that John Powell. Virginia composer, will be asked to write a symphonic com position based on Anglo-Saxon folk themes. This work Mrs. Elmer James Ottaway, president of the organization, said will be performed by a major orches tra during the winter of 1933. TA« National Daily WOMEN WORRY MOSTLY OVER THEIR JOBS Employment Not Related to Their Marital Status, Survey Shows Whatever effect efficiency ratings, with accompanying competition for high marks, has upon women in the Federal service, a survey among work ing women in a typical fac tory, as to their favdrable or unfavorable regard for their tasks, resulted in this finding: "Unexpectedly, efficiency rat ings of employes showed no re lationship to their attitudes.” With the annual “marking up-” of all Federal employes by their department superiors for Personnel, Classification Board records due to end this week, this survey of employe attitudes In a mod em industrial plant Is consid ered of particular Interest in the departments. Has No Relation The survey was made by Uni versity of Chicago research work ers, and 13 chronicled by the Women’s Bureau of the Depart ment of Labor. A further find ing about the employed women was that “no correlation existed between work-attitude scores and intelligence, age, schooling, and marital status.” Another feature of the find ings, which is also reflected in Federal departments, was that more of the women were worry ing about losing their jobs than about any other one thing. Dif ficult home conditions, including domestic rifts, also cause much relentlessness of employed wom en, with consequent inefficiency and unhappiness at work, the survey revealed. Bored by Monotony The fact that monotonous, rou tine jobs bore women employes, affecting their attitudes and the quality of the work done itself, were also cited m the report, which added: “Where there is little trust or good will, however; where negative feelings have devel oped because of insecurity, in adequate rewards, bad treat ment by supervisors, frustra tion in work; then almost any molehill may become a moun tain.” KILLING MOTIVE FOR KIDNAPING (Continued from Page 3) the child is in ‘gut* care puts it almost beyond a shadow of doubt that the man is a Co.- Pian. He is of the type whose emotions entirely govern his in tellect, and, thinking emotion ally about the insanely planned murder, he reverted for a mo ment to his mother tongue. “Now, as to the elaborate and not at ail clear identifica tion design to be made on all letters. You notice that it is to be executed in red and blue. Why did he trouble to go into colors? Because his uncon scious mind prompted him to the mind’s primitive symbol of murder—the color red; and be cause his unconscious mind prompted him to the mind’s primitive symbol of the male sex—the color blue. The mur der of a male child is apparent in intention to anyone accus tomed to interpret the symbol ism of deranged minds. “It would take too long, and be too complicated a process, to go into the whole of this psychological analysis, but you can take it as a strong proba bility that the man is a Ger man, probably past his first youth with no outward signs of insanity except those little com pulsive eccentricities you some times observe in otherwise nor mal people—an irresistible im pulse to touch things with first one hand and then the other, to take the same number of steps with both feet, and so on. WORK OF ONE MAN “The murderer — and I am convinced it is the work ot one man—was probably actuated by an insane jealousy of Lind bergh, and if he found an op portunity would probably de stroy the father as well as the child. “It would be a valuable move If the police looked into records of all workmen who were ever connected with the Hopewell estate, to see if any of them had ever been in an insane asylum. Such maniacs some times undergo short treatments and then are released through their cleverness in concealing their symptoms. "Possibly the criminal is liv ing peacefully quite near the scene of his crime, unsuspected because of the apparent ab sence of normal motive.” (Additional News on Page Is] SATURDAY—MAY 14—1932 The Making of an American JOHN NANCE GARNER A Salty, Wind-Red Man. CHAPTER VI. You’ve heard of him. You’ve wondered what he is like...this John Nance Garner that some an talking of for President. To be frank, you haven’t been very enthusiastic or hopeful. Yes, Jie has a picturesque enough story. But not particularly new— Poor boy, cowboy, earning an education doing odd chores... young lawyei, scrambling ahead by shrewd shenanigans.. .you’ve heard stories like that before. And maybe they went over big with you once. You thought it would be great to have men like that at the head of things. Men who knew what it meant to be poor. Men who had had to fight their way as you are flghtlnj yours. Simple, honest, canny men who’d stand four-sqv-.re against crookedness and laziness and the rich man’s heartlessness — Illusions Go Blooey! Yes, you thought all that... once. And then you met a few of these sp-called heroes. And your illusions all weiit blooey! For something had happened to them. Something had jone out of them. Looking them over you thought of that old Bible verse— “ And if the salt hath lost its sa vor wherewith shall it be salted?” They’d lost their savor, al! right. Their saltiness was gone— and oiliness had come instead. They, who had been rough and real, had become smooth and slick— They had become politicians... playing a game of their own in a world of their own—remote from the struggles and needs and heartbreaks of common men. And so when they tell you now about John Nance Garner, you aren’t much impressed. They’ll have to snow you! But still—you are a' little curious. If he’s really all they say he is—as smart and powerful—yet as simple and straight— But they’ve said that about others. Well you’d like to size him up for yourself. Maybe meet him, casual like, in one of those long Capitol corridors— Those Capitol Corridors Queer places, those Washing ton corridors. Not like any other place in America. Old gray marble. Dusty gray light. Something dusty and gray in the silencer too, as though the crumbling years. were sifting down, over the stiff pictures the files of staring statues— People loitering around.. .Con gressmen, Senators, tiptoeing tourists, awkwardly carrying hats .. .all blurring in the grayness... baggy as ghosts. Far away, through the thick walls... far above, through the thick glass...the bustling world, the busy sky. But no sound, no movement comes through Only the silent sifting of the years— Very impressive, of course. Just as history ought to look. But presently, for no definite reason, you are restless. Dis appointed. Even a little rebel lious. So this is Washington? Grand? Sure it’s grand. But for a plain person like you— For a plain person living in a plain country needing to have plain problems handled promptly —needing action now more than ever before —beginning to get riled up because it isn’t forth coming—well—Washington isn’t exactly the sort of a place you can use! Nice enough to have around, to show the youngsters how things used to be done. But what you want to see is a place where they’re doing things NOW! And people who are doing things NOW! EDDY GREETS CARRIERS J . 1 |U :»T —Times Staff Photo EDDY JAMES JOE BYRON WESLEY EDDY, popular master of ceremonies at the Fox Theater, greeted The Times carrier boys when they arrived for a special show this morning as guests of teh management. Eddy is shown with James Hay ward, Joe Lawless and Byron Story. By ELSIE ROBINSON •And that sure is the one thing* you can’t seem to find in Wash ington! i Make Expensive Scenery All these officials and politi- ' fians that stand gabbing around —making Important gestures. They make interesting and ex . pensive scenery. But—somehow they don’t seem to have any con nection with America. YOUR ‘ America— Maybe it’s just as they say about Washington. Perhaps the 1 “Hill” does get a man after he’s been here a year or two. Take the red blood out of him and fill ; him with red tape. Till he isn’t i any more useful for ordinary hu i man purposes than a stuffed i wombat. No wonder things are as they l are— i Now. if there were a few regu : lar fellows here...plain fellows i who would roll up their sleeves and pitch in and get things done ...like Doc Wilson and Jim Neely out home... why, then, maybe— ’ Standing there, a little sad, a ; little mad, in the vast grayness, you think these things. Feel silly as you think them. What’s the , use, wishing for men like that— . here? And then suddenly you see him, swinging down the corridor ; ...moving all in a piece... feet , planted firmly, surely on the ‘ tricky marble... wide shoulders slanted forward, hard, round head j a little atilt, arms slightly ! acrook— Whom have you seen walking like that? Cowboys. Prize fighters. This outfit might be either or both. ’ It’s a cinch he isn’t just another ’ baggy ghost! But—He’s Alive Now he’s nearer. He’s walking out of the grayness toward you— He’s making the grayness, and all that goes with it, look like a faded back-drop. Not that he’s handsome. Anything but! Alive —That’s it. He’s alive... Shortish. Spread out in muscle instead of strung out in bone. Stocky. Wind red skin... wind blue eyes...wind roughened eye brows and hair. Almost more eye brows than hair. A poker play ( er’s mouth and a bronco buster’s chin. A skin that’s just plain, , weathered, human hide. A suit , that’s just plain, comfortable, hu- ’ man clothes. And a look from , those sharp, small eyes that clips j you, neat as a spur. So this is John Nance Gar < Iner! ] Yep! This is John Nance Gar ner. Speaker of the House. This is John Nance Garner—a wind red man in a shadow gray place. Raising hell with shad ows. Like him? Agree with him? You don’t know yet. Maybe yes. Maybe no. But this is certain. , He’s your kind. You know where he lives. He talks your lingo. He isn’t Washington.. .or poli tics... or high-powered finance... or hifalutin diplomacy. He is plain places and plain people and plain needs. , He’s wheat fields and coal ; mines, cattle ranges and ranches, : country stores, building and loan associations, apple orchards, can neries, little red school houses— He’s poker games and baseball , teams and fishing trips, town ' meetings and annual firemen’s ball, soft blue shirts and boiled dinners— He is anxious ' mothers and tired, hard-working fathers and J penniless youngsters, struggling to find their place. Cottage Program Rules He is all these things—actual ly. They are built into the i coarse, healthy fiber of his body, i They are woven into the simple, : straightforward fabric of his 1 imagination and affections. He I has lived these lives. He still lives them. ► His life as speaker of the House is as plain a» that of any Federal clerk. Plainer, in fact, than most of them. The girl who took his hand on that long ago day is with him yet, and the program they made for themselves in that first little five room cottage is still being followed. They’ve made a million dollars, more or less. They’ve boosted themselves into the seats of the mighty. And perhaps they’ll be running this country in a few more months. But that five-room cottage program is still being fol lowed— Because they think that’sthe way that folks should live. As frontier youngsters they earned to know danger when they see it coming. Indians, cyclones, bad men shooting up towns, wild cattle running loco—no wise per son tangled with these. They still know danger when they see it coming! And they realize, to the depths of their canny, healthy souls that money and place are more danger ohs to human beings than all the Indians, bad men and loco cattle that ever stai peded on a frontier. So they live simply because they know that is the only safe way to live. Do No Partying They have no car. They do no partying aroond. At 6:30, when dawn is breaking over the big white dome, you’ll see them walk ing together up the long avenue— going to work. All day long he drudges at his desk. All day long she types in an office near him. At noon she warms him up a snack, on an electric plate. When the shadows lengthen, she still is sitting there— bending over the keys. The corridors empty. The vast, white halls grow still. The sun slips down through the darkening files of trees. Below the stately steps the last light lies in a flaming pool. , t From a side door, two plain peo ple step. For a moment they stand, resting in the twilight. A breeze stirs. The man straight ens his heavy shoulders. The woman passes her hand across her face as though to brush away a film of weariness. Beyond the trees, a bugle calls. Silently, fold upon fold, a great flag falls. The man and the woman watch that flag. Are they seeing the 35 years of life they have given to its service? Some thing burns deeply in their eyes but they do not speak. They have never had words for things like that. Perhaps they do not think that things like that need words. Suddenly through the shadows the lights bloom white. A lim >u sine rolls by—ermine, diamonds, a Cabinet officer in evening clothes. Quietly the man and woman move down the road, walking in step, her shoulder touching his sleeve. They pass through a door. They nod with a friendly smile to some old neighbors. They wash their hands. They eat. Sit resting for an hour. Presently they go to their room. With Bull-Dog Jaw Outside, Washington laughs and dances. But the Garners sleep. When the dancers fall to yawn ing. they will be working again. You wondered what he was like? He is like that. Red faced and plain— A scrapper and a go-getter— With a permanent grin— Over a bull dog jaw— A humdinger for work— Also for poker— Baseball playing— Steer ’rassling— And all the he sports In general. Hates frills and frlllers— Despises trick oratory And loves to make a monkey Os trick orators. He isn’t a lady’s man, Nor even a gentleman’s man— (They’ll never make a movie out of him.) But he’s a people’s man And he’s regular—all through. John Nance Garner. Where does he fco from here? Is this maybe another Presi dent? Drums a-beating—flags a-fly ing— And a stocky, red-faced man, whose stride was shaped on a cayuse, rolling up to glory in a limousine with his little partner by his side? Seeing an American I wonder. But there he stands—still all in a piece after the heck of a climb —at the Speaker’s seat in Wash ington. "Ob tay can you tee, "In the dawn's early light—’' Well, what CAN you see? A President? I don’t know. Nobody knows. , But you can bet your last nickle on this— YOU’RE SEEING AN AMERI CAN! /The end) (Copyright. 1932. King Feature* Syndicate. Inc.) Home eeekera who want to eetabllah themselres In a home of their own will find a timely home (election in the Real Estate for Sale Columns of the Classified Section.