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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, December 02, 1936, Image 19

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BALTIMORE, Dec. 2.—Mary
land workers will not be called
on to support the State’s unem
ployment insurance system out of
earnings, if the present decision of
State legislative leaders stands.
With the State legislature sched
uled to meet on December 8 in
stead of December 15 a legislative
subcommittee assigned to this
problem has definitely decided to
place the whole burden on the em
ployer, it was learned today that
this will be its recommendation
to the full committee, and that
the legislation probably will go
before the State assembly in this
As the Federal Social Security
Act does not prescribe the precise
method by which the unemploy
ment reserve shall be supported,
allowing the States considerable
latitude In this field, Maryland
legislative leaders believe this pro
posal will meet with Federal ap
proval, and that the fund so raised
will be matched on a dollar-for
dollar basis as contemplated un
der the Federal statute.
In addition, it has been decided
tentatively to substitute a com
bination "pooled fund” and "merit
rating” plan for the straight
“pooled fund” system, and to rec
ommend against any contribution
by employers on a fixed percent
age basis. Under the Federal act,
states are given the option of the
“pooled fund" or "merit rating”
plans. Under the latter system em
ployers with a high rating for
steady employment would enjoy
the benefit of a lower contribution
rate than those with a high labor
Should the decision to place
the whole burden on the employer
stand, the rate of assessment
would necessarily be somewhat
higher than the minimum pre
scribed by the Federal law. Em
ployers are expected to oppose
the proposal vigorously.
BERLIN. Dec. 2 (I.N.S.).—Any
German citizen who "for clearly
egotistic reasons or other base
purposes” smuggled funds or other
property from the Reich ran the
chance today of having his head
chopped off following issuance of
an official decree ordering death
as the penalty for this offense.
A series of decrees*, issued by the
cabinet and Gen Hermann Goer
ing, air minister. Premier of Prus
sia and commissar of the Reich’s
four year plan, also stipulated that
all German boys and girls must
Join Nazi youth organization.
A third decree, prohibiting price
Increase of any sort, provided that
there is no limit to fines which
may be imposed on recalcitrant
merchants and others. Severe
prison sentences may also be
meted out to offenders.
The decree against smuggling
money and property abroad,
known as the "law against eco
nomic sabotage.” provided that
judgment shall be passed on sus
pects by the dread peoples’ court
and that an offender shall be con
sidered guilty even if the “crime”
committed in a foreign country.
Help Kidneys
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Your Kidneys contain 9 million tiny
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bring new vitality in 48 hours and make
you feel years younger in one week or
money back on return of empty package.
Telephone your druggist for guaranteed
Cystex (Sias-Tex) today.
If Your Watch Is
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1004 F St N W
The quickest way to find a
lost pet or valued personal
item is to tell other people
about it. And the quickest way
to reach the "most people” in
Washington is to use the
Double-Quicg Herald and Times
Lost and Found columns and
have yo ” r announcement
broadcast over WOL at no
additional cost Just phone
Miss Gray at District 5260 or
District 7000
Lost & Found Broadcast
Every Week Day at 12 Noon
• Over Station WOL
T«f«pAon« District 7000
Recent Election Reveals New, Impressive*
Degree of National Unity
By Edwin C. Hill
America has become a melting <
pot which melts in away we never
dreamed of. It is my conviction
that the last
election reveals
a new national
unity, whether
we regard it as
the triumph of
demagogy or of
the popular
will. The melt
ing pot has
fused the states
as they never
have been fused
before. For good
or ill, America
becomes a na
tion in a sense
which we have
/M' /s/ /
Edwin C. Hill
as yet only vaguely apprehended.
From this viewpoint, I believe
there is profound significance in
the President’s sweep of 46 out of
48 States. The size of his majority
is not proportionate to this over
whelming geographic range of his
victory. It is the latter —the wide
and uniform diffusion of a polit
ical attitude —that is interesting
and unique in our political history.
It seems to be plain as a pike
staff that radio, airplanes, auto
mobiles and the vast telephone
ganglion work toward national
unity and against sectional and
state identities, cultures and lo
calized political opinion. The
unifying effect of radio is too
obvious to need emphasis. Educa
tors report an isolated township
in the Ozark Mountains which,
according to their findings, has
been lifted from the Eighteenth
Century into today solely by radio.
This new amalgam has assailed
ancient strongholds of both Re
publican and Democratic political
doctrine. The loud speaker is the
trumpet which blows down the
walls of Jericho —the regional bar
riers behind which a half-dozen
native cultures have flourished
and long have been held in fee
simple by one or the other of our
two parties. But no longer!
Whether this is a good thing
or not, is something for the pro
fessional deep-delvers to worry
about. Just in passing, it may be
noted that a bigger voting mob
isn’t necessarily more intelligent
than a small one. The direct elec
tion of Senators, unassailable in
theory, gave the advantage to the
man rich enough to put on an ex
pensive State-wide campaign. But
the main point is that the melting
pot is melting States and regions,
and not Ellis Islanders.
When airplanes can cross the
continent in 10 to 12 hours, it is
obvious that they are shrinking
the country, and proportionately
unifying it. Time determines
space, so far as human realities
are concerned. Los Angeles and
New York are nearer together m
proportion to the lag of a covered
toloui’ Doctor I
And Dentist I
X I Know ... I
'W « ♦ * :
wS "k \£ ■ ’ To help prevent colds and other winter
f*Hs serve Thompson's Irradiated Sun-
h v shine Vitamin D Milk at least three
times daily.
Rich delicious flavor; builds strong teeth
and bones; prevents rickets; fine for
cooking; recommended for expectant
t | | mothers; costs only 1c more per quart
• > ,an our regular Grade A Pasteurized
jbK* Milk '
\ ;i * JiiBwHHU/ z^o
.Wm ®SI
I I \\
Phone DEcatur 1400 *
Leadina n r netifti
*wagon behind an airplane. The
! cliche, "It’s a small world,” doesn’t
mean much anymore. It is a
rapidly shrinking world.
Airplanes step up our economy
to a faster pace. Money gets less
time out. A few years ago the in- j
action of money in check clear
ance slowed down business. Now
it amounts to little. But, clearing
checks, the planes also carry news
papers. Isolated people get news
while it’s hot. There is a new
tempo, a new alertness, a new
awareness which mean the swift
end of insularity.
That great silent movie. “Grass.”
of a few years ago, was a splendid
■ portrayal of the historic human
drama of great migrations. Theii
cultural effect could be measured
only by the yardstick of centuries.
Depression flivvers scooting to the
sun belt represented vastly great
er human transport and change
than the greatness of these his
toric migrations, and in less time
than it took the old-timers to raise
a few migratory milk goats or
transport burros.
When the big smash came, De
troit workers were scattered in no
time. There were the great Negro
migrations of the South and a
population flux, here and there
I everywhere, from Ismail towns to
the city and from the city back
to the farms.
Every incidental effect of all
this was in the direction of fusing,
blending, amalgamating and uni
fying the populace. This, with the.
endless shuttling of planes and
the radio’s inducement to stand
ardized speech and thinking, seem
to this writer to yield a plausible
explanation of our growing in
clination to move en masse, this
way or that.
Just a little pick-up from the
historic cyclorama of 150 years
mk iWAr? really new*/ j
jgßi| 15*
lißoßßaKi £7
ago la a reminder that America
jof today is startlingly unlike its
beginnings, in some ways. Con-1
gress was all set to put over that
outrageous plundering of the Rev
olutionary soldiers by the valida
tion of the scrip in which they
had been paid. The veterans,
ragged and destitute many of
them, had cartloads of this paper,
worth perhaps two cents on the
dollar. Congress was fixing to
make it worth 100 cents.
When the signal was given, the
Congressmen swarmed out all over
the thirteen States, by stage
coach, horseback and boat. They
searched out the soldiers and
bought their scrip for one or two
cents on the dollar, returned to
Washington and voted their hold
ings worth 50 or 100 times what
they had paid for them. Just
before the bill was passed, there
were rumblings here and there,
with indications that the plot had
been discovered.
Today, a telegraphic flash, a
newspaper extra, a radio broadcast
would have blown the thing
higher than a kite. But un-uni
fled America was still wallowing
over clay roads, or jogging
through the wilderness on horse
back. This disunity made possible
the most disgraceful scandal In
our history, bar none.
Unity, paced by increased en
lightenment and education, seems
like a snlendid fulfillment of na
tionhood. Lacking these attri
butes it may increase the danger
of a swift slide into some form
of absolutism. So manifest is this
danger that one might almost
reverse the old dictum and say,
"Divided we stand, united we
fall.” Our regional and cultural
diversity has been a bulwark
against dictatorships. If we aban
don it, we must build a new, af
firmative concept of a nationally
unified government.
(Copyright, 1936, by King Featuraa
Syndicate. Inc.)
Street at Eleventh District
Christmas Savings Checks may be cashed at Cashiers’ Offices on first and fifth floors (identification necessary).
55 All wool FiANNa
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Both models in Dubonnet, Red,
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Robes . . . Third Floor.
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W ■ E®il|illllFii«iii From the Skim- / I
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Tthphtni Dhtrict 7000

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