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The national era. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1847-1860, January 03, 1850, Image 2

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graceful mot* ?t of ihe child?the favorite daughter
of the funily.
f, Adel^tfle liiibot wis beautiful and lovely in
tor youth,'dearly loved by nil, hut best by thoav 1
f ner own fireside circle. She wna, indeed, t)f? 1
rfebest gem in that circlet. When thel?ng 1 tato*
were lified from her cvir-chnngiiig cheek, you i
oonld look into the very soul of the high-rdpfcd, <
_ PMuiy liciiitid girl Six years belure At tod
MS' I in her father'* low parlor on Tbtfttogiviag
ve?she hid stjod be!weeu that father and no
ether to whose face she lifted her soul-ape i king
j* eye his hride of an hour. And as the goba
Miller's ras| berry wine, carefully bottled for the ;
fk Mtoiun, went round, sh" dreamed not that in
g" tbit cur b. led a demon that should yet overj
thr w the al'ur just erected. Culcb Reynolds was
I" sr. a drtin card, and a deserter from his home.
He had enlisted?it was thought, in an hour of i
gL. into\icatiou?but his wife was left to learn it \
fro other lips He aent, without one woid of
? fcrvwell, to the plains of Mexico?and never
. siare had she heard of hitn. Poor Adelaide carL
riw h' r crushed heart back to her father'* bouse,,
EL' ' |Mgin^ only to lay it in the grave. Have you
>.* * filter seen a tree in our Western forests, blighted
E h> ' girdling," as the woodsmen call it?cat oil
|nk ' ylfwn its connection with the life-giving earth, an i
>then left to wither for ve?rs ? I never pass such
k S & tfee without thinking of the slow death of the
jf h%ni t to Trhit'h sune writer has strikingly compavc.i
u h w ,
m- tk' other pi.id's of her father's nurture, Have
jP y??' ? vi r <p<t from such a feir-ll> ?1 tree, a young
he ot spring out. and, striking down its fibres,
fen.. f, ble connection with t?ie bark below, and
C ~ sustain a - urf tin .gh sickly life in the tree If
was thehr'that little Robert catne, to bind a few
broken fibres from her early hopes and dreams to ;
earth.
But we are forgetting our Thanksgiving. None
of the aunties forget it, however?or the cousins;
ami by the time Farmer Talbot's "big sleigh"
hud emptied its contents twice upon the old sultsp"inkled
stone step, all were brought home from
church, and all were there.
All?excupt two uuaccouutable stragglers," the
boys.'' as two striplings nearly six feet high continf-j
Ued to be called. who were cultivating the sciences
in a college not many miles away. And why w ere
L they not '.here? So <|Uistioned every MM. lid
grandmamma did not answer?only wiped her
b' spectacles every two minutes on her apron, and
T "" peered out of the southwest window.
Meanwhile the in w-comers Were all clustered
| in the "sitting room." making a merry use of the
interlude between service and dinner. There
Waa Robert, the eldest son with his romping family
and anxious-looking wife. There was Charlotte?
no nt.body knew her by that nume?Lottie,
blooming in her prime, and managing her
little, ones to a charm. There was Philip, the "old
bachelor, though by n means .a crusty one. Next
him snt n pale, stilf-looking cousin from the nearest
factory village List, but not least?though, J
in truth, she was a little one?wras the "schoolma
am,'?the youngest of lit r fathei's flock, the
laughing, fun-loving Susie. She was not beautiful,
h8 Addle had been, but there wassuch a world
of good nature ? her low broad ftrehead and
dimpling cheeks, that you loved her at first sight.
I will not attempt her portrait, for I do not know
th.it -!n i vi r sat i 11 lot ? enough to have it taken,
except in church. This day she was here, and
there, and everywhere, among the children, kissing
.ue r<.iiij ii.jr with another, and then tossing
* up Robert's baby, to the terror of its mauitnatmd \
the delight of nil others.
You must let mego to help grandmamma take
up the turkey, indeed you must, 'cried Susan, ,
. i.diiii/ i- To pushed throtigh the (loot way. follow
id by the whole scampering troop. One had j
sprung front the top of the arm-chair to hershoulItr.
and t ciowiiig like a parrot on his perch.
As she advat? cd towards the kitchen, the outer
door wis thrown suddenly open, and " A merry
Thnlikseiving to you ! hurst from the lips i f the
intruders, amid the rem.wed shouts of the boisterous
brood.
" Bless me, where did you drop from?" cried j
the mother, dropping her ladle into the coals in
her surprise
' Why brothers, we never heard your sleigh
bells," exclaimed Susan, throwing oft her encumbrance.
and heartily welcoming the young collegians.
'T dare say not," replied Ivlw ird, as he knock
cii the snow 11cm his ii.'oiM n ccnunercu uincr
sort of vehicles?hey. Will f"
"The fact in," explained Will.11 that we started
with the emu ire this morning, hut met with a
mn.-t provoking break-down' hy the way No,
not to he cheutid out of our Thanksgiving, we
footed it through the drifts. We've lost P.uson
Wood's hut we're in lime for mother's
i dinner; and I assure you a walk of eight miles
has givi n us i | iir of appetites "
, .No they ildwnto dinner at list all the loving
and the merry ones, (irandfatber hushed
them for u moment, while he lifted his hron/.ed
l hands i \ ec the huge jdatler, and invoked houniiI
I ful Heaven in a lengthy but fervent "binning
L 'I ' llowt I the o-a 11 el 1111 ring, and ? hut I
B ne<d not ?1<s< iilie it ill you see it an well as I do
I d a w'ish-lioni (a great prixe that) fell to the I
B share of the ibyeat one, little blue-eyed Nelly,
W who carefu Ij wrapped it in her white apron,
us a sacred trea-ui e.
t'iz. in i v I break with you," screamed her
coirin 11 :r y. fr.'tn the r.thrr tnd of the table.
.No I am going to hro.,k w itIt'?
' With whom. I should like to know
u Willi Aunt Susie, then," said the little dove,
nestling timidly to In r side.''
A rits-i, hi. ha! A urit. Susie w ould look
' A lei why not. Master Harry/" said Susan.
men iU la * y on I have broken more than
one u : di-bone at t his very table '
" Ami did y or wishes ever Come to pass?did
j they v r \i.i - ie cried three voices at onee.
"Yes. did tiny ?ver, Aunt Susie?" chimed in
fid* rd . ..oil - up from his plate a sidelong demote
glatici. that brought blu: hrs aud dimples to
her check *
Sioie hid seeti some quiet little flirtations,
even un let In' Iatli>t'j Argus eye. Suddenly
her la. im u: She caught Adelaide's exprwM'on
ot rounti nance, as the latter quietly rose
y fro?* the table m l made sotno excuse forwithd
rawing
The v. h-lione" was broken to a charm?
nnpi ing exactly in the middle, to the ii.tinite
' amu-u nunt ihe juveniles, who had been making
lot- on the result. The "babies" went to
i sleej it tin-right hour precisely, and were packed
iuto their snug cradles with blankets and pillows
The <ld i it the juvenile community were cnmobci'I
in a corner to play " button nnd the
brothsrs.and sisters clustered in quiet little kuots.
' Willii.ii ami Sii-aii sit by the wimhw, not to
sentimentalize over the moonlight that cametlicktrtae
through the fleecy clouds, but to gather up
tb^Uircuds"!' old cm li lenti il . -tochat
of gpllegescrapes,and?save the mark !?' school
ma'am" rogueiies
Qiaudmammu ha l her knitting of course?
bleei the ! many
Lnodern substitute, a
v*>riiife lior voice hi si
ml glancing up fur
Iddie today
nul." Much hhii-u ll.
itb her ling- ri tinivnil
her eyes tiled on
ght, you know "
loves Reynolds with
y us tiho over <li<I on
it spoken his tmme,
ten father forbade it
presence. but there
i statue-like gtiel* of
* th&nr'iaJoM a/rest 'ellow,
what ore you i
ti'l he was still,
brought around the
every one sought to
share; but her smile
an icy lake,
oil Aunt Susie over
ipplea, and all were
la.
n from the dog. folowl.
Kdwardjumpiut
before he reached
y, hut firmly, uud a |
in it, ntid stood?si- !
is of surprise bound j
re and with n taint, ;
:u d her hoy front her i
mi to?her hush Hid '
lap, aOd bJ/rH' g iTOf-inr.^
4* Lin arms closed uroun I liNO*'1' ^Pr heal
MU|ii like a broken lily on his hoi?Hy'r h'armcr
Tcbot iinrlfl. * if etui g ly n billt^Jn*mory
Hit arm w i raised, iiu<1 Ms white looks
^ Father!-' It w is Susie's voice, choked wiih
iMeeching agony. as she sjrang to catch the hand
vf ili> old Ti ill
S^TLe uplifted arm fell, i.Tid all was hushed for '
(Hie long i ii-nt
J Come 3on t.H a reformed man. Caleb Key- j
mIUh " and 'ariner '1 ulbot'a tone was firm,
though ijtii> I
AH lioarw wi'Bii-tl (? MHMii their thro ung
ukdo, hy the help jT0mJ, my f?Htor," the
t re offer solemnly njs ptefe
firoerTe'1- '-<?? candle
ob hie >
* ur - i
aI kt** signed it, and I have kept it for one
f**r~
*Tfc?x. my aon"?the old man's hand was ex-.
tend*!, bat hi* voice wus choked Me Iwwcd
himaclf, aal wept like a child.
Bat the arms hung loosely around Caleb Ueyaolia'a
neck the surprise had been too sudden, I
and gentle Addiivhad fainted. Not till they had
woa hack the life tide to her check, and mi en her
again in the arms of her husband, turning to him
that g> a nee of soul-full < arncstness that her early
yean had worn?not till then?did the others . p-,
preach to welcome, with tearful embraces, their
lOng-lost brother.
'' Aud this is our l?oy, Addie, whoni I never saw V
murmured Caleb, pressing his lips to the little
round forehead of the sleeper. Adelaide only replied
by her tears.
No questions further were asked; but Caleb
soon spoke of his wanderings Wounded in battle,
arid brought to the point of death, he had listened
to the angel Reflection. Rut with reflection
snd good resoluti >ns, came also Remorse and
Despair Who should win back to him the forfeited
affections of his deserted wife? It was !
then 'hat the lessons learned at his mother's knee
came beaming up through Ihe gloom of years
squandered in dissipation. He went to the fount
tin of Peace, and drank of the''living water.'' j
I living fixed and finished his term of probation,
he h i I sought again his home
* I knew." said he, "you would all be assembled
here to-night; and I lingered, shivering, long, be- j
frtre I could inati my heart to come in among you "
" Brother !" exclaimed more voices thin one.
The clock in the corner struck nine?it w.is the ]
hour of prayer Farmer Talbot laid his hand ,
on the oi l Family llible. and wiped his glasses
-i_f< _l 11 1 , I?| tK .nlu u'ilk tko I
\ unit- inv nmuivn. ifi uo^,m tuuuav
?inp??is to-night 1 f<>r this, my son, was deud, and
is alive again?was lost, and is found.'"
THE NATIONAL ERA.
WASHINGTON, JANUARY 3, 1850.
THE FOURTH \0LI HE OF THE ERA.
\V% enter upon the fourth volume'of the Eia j
with increased spirit and hopcfuluess. The
growth of our paper has not been spasmodic, but \
regular nnd uniform, having re tched, at thebegiu- I
uing of its fourth year, an issue of fifteen thousand.
To our numerous friends who have exerted, and
are still exerting, themselves to increase its circulation,
we are under great obligations. Their
friendship and confidence are even more gratify- j
ing to us than the lists of new subscribers they j
have sent us, welcome as these must be.
We (now not how to repay their disinterested |
kindness, except by still more liberal outlays on
the paper, for the purpose of increasing its elliciency
as an advocate of the Anti-Slavery cause.
Nor, while we tio this, shall we relax our efforts i
to make it a safe and instructive Family Newspaper.
It were vain for us to hope to gratify
every taste?to avoid offence in all cases to the I
scruples of every render. Unwilling to impose
fetters uj on the free thoughts of our contributors.
at times sentiments may appear in our
paper of nn objectionable charucter; but we are
sure such constitute the exception. Our constantaim
is to employ w riters combining signal ability
with purity of taste and soundness of principle.
Appreciating to some extent the grave responsibilities
of a public journalist, and fully recognising
the supreme claims of Christianity as a system
of religion and code of ethics, it is certainly
our fixed purpose to give sanction or currency to
110 I'l incipie or ecuuiutub n pu^uaui iu no uitiud
teachings. If at any time we fail, it is through inadvertence,
not desigu
We have secured for the fourth volume of the
Era writers of substantial merit and reputation.
A calamity as unexpected as it was terrible, has ,
deprived us of the services of one of the most
gifted of our contributors?the Kcv. J. II. PkkKiNs?a
man of great purity of character, great
benevolence, and richly endowed intellect. In*
his place, as an occasional contributor, we arc j
happy to announce .Nathaniel Hawthorne, whose !
graceful pen has made him familiar to the homes ,
and hearts of the American People, and who. we i
understand, has lately been secured as a writer
for Blackwood's Magazine, lie his favored us |
with an article, which we now holdback for a week 1
or two, only for the sake of those of our suhscri- j
hers who, under our terms, have been cut off, but j
will doubtless speedily renew
lu this connection, it may be well to state tbut i
we shall be able to accommodate renewing subscribers
with hark numbers, and new subscribers
with an E'tni Era, containing the beginning of
Mrs NonthwortVs story and of the proceedings
of Congress. There need be. therefore no relaxation
of (tFort in raising now subscribers, or renewing
old oik s, as we shall he able to give them
complete files ot all the numbers they may desire.
TILL FOR A ('IIKISTIW WTI Sl.lim I'll.YV
i:\TiI)\ "
We h ave received a Call for a Christian AntiSlavery
('onvrntion. to he held next April, at ('incinnati.
sigutd by the I'ev Dr. Aydelotle, and
other well known philanthropists, it shall appear
in our next.
new vork nil:ir rnsrtiiE association.
Will the correspondent who requested us to
publish the resolutions of this Association on the
subject of Cheap Postage, please forward us a
copy of them ! The other request he makes shall
be attended to.
(lllilSTIW CITIZEN.
We cull attention to the advertisement in another
column of Hurriti's Christian Citizen. The
paper is a good one, distinguished by the most
enlarged philanthropy. Mr. Murritt, alio has
returned from Lngland, will impart additional
interest to its columns
We are indebted to our friend, M A Coinla.nd,
for his suggestion, and shall bear it in mind
THE BANNER I III NTY IN ILLINOIS. A
correspondent writes :
"Just say to the renders of the Kra, for tne,
that HJgar county will stoutly contend for the
honor of being the banner county in Illinois, so
far as the circulation of the Aatioiiiil Km is concerned."'
MAILS.
The l'.istern and Western mails last week
failed to reach this place at the proper time,
every other <t. y. (| this happened on ytlie great
routt- b u<line >5iiVeil > 10 ihis civy, >\bai must be
tin* i nn litinn i.f things in other part* of the country
I Aii'l whm wr recollect thnt n failure to connect
ut certuiu point* may delay m.-til uuilter from
three to seven day- certainly some of our aubscri*
hern will hardly wonder at the irregulatity with
which they receive tlieir p per
There are some Others in which, w e arc
sure, there must b^bmething wrong I'rom Cincinnati
ami Philadelphia we have hud letters staling
that few, if any, copied of the second number
of the Friend of Youth had been received at those
places Now. we knon that that number was
regularly forwarded to the subscribers in those
cities We shall believe, until better advised,
that the failure to receive them is chargeable upon
something wrong in those others. We are out
of patience with these miserable annoyances.
We hope the subscriber! will call again and
again at the oHiees.iind insist that their papers be j
looked for. Other publishers, we uotice. are suffering
similar annoyances. The Union learns
from ceituiu places, that while the /is
r? gulnrly aud daily received there, its issues are
almost uniformly delayed , ipWiaU ol the eaavf
character concerning the Kra hiiv?jr*?ohed us.
At some LoinU, we ars apprised by norre-pondsnis,
that we have nea> 'y lost rf] our aubsoribers
In coanr||uano? of the-* ln?jjg*\d? irregularities
Willi, wa belUve coptions l'ostmastor*
and la m?ny inigatiooa
by their
Oulumbua, Ohio, ,
aht correction of I
>
\ ?
\
some errors in the direotiou of two or three of our
packages.' Similar farors froin others will be duly
appreciated.
Kufr tlx- National bra.
TIIF I1RKAM OF ARUVLE."
Karth'y arm* no more uphold him;
On hi* prison's stony floor,
Waiting death in calmest slumtier,
Kests the great Mac-C'ulluui More!
And he dreains a dream of boyhood,
Of his dear lovtd Argylcshlre,
Of his bold, heroic clansmen,
Of his plutnod and plaided sire
Once again, with pulses beating,
Hears ths wandering minstrel tell
How Montrose, on Inverary,
Tbief-like from his moiiutaiiis fell.
Now be stands. In plaid and honnet,
In the grim and sombre ball,
And again the rudilr firelight
Sees he en the armor fall
I'own the glen, beyond the castle,
Vt here the linn's white waters shine
He, the heir of haughty Argyle,
Meets young Kflte of Loch finetitle,
with her suooded tresses,
And her timid eye of blue,
At the glooming, to her t ysting,
In the bracken valley true'
Now he hsars a sad lamenting ?
Harpers for his Mother mourn,
A*, with floating plum* ami pinion,
To the burial cairn ah*'* Imrne.
Then anon, li? J-reatn* art darkerSounds
uf battle till hie earn,
And the pibroch'* mournful wailing
For hie father'* fall he hear*.
W ild Locbaber's mountain echo**
Wuil in c.incert for the dead,
And l.och Awe'* hoarse water* inurunr
F r the Campliell't glory Ued.
Fierce and bold, the Codies* tyrants
Trample the apostate land,
While her poor and faithful remnant
Wait for the Avenger'* hand.
Once again at Inrernry,
Years of weary eail* o'er,
Armed to lead bis scattered clansmen,
Stands the bold Mac-Fullum More'
Once again to battle calling,
Sound tbe war pipes through the glen,
And tbe court-yard of DunstalTtiage
King* with tread of armed men.
All is lost' the (iodiess triumph!
And the fai'bf. 1 ones and true,
From tbe scaffold and tbe prieou,
Covenant with Cod anew.
I in the darkness of bis dreaming,
(treat and sudden glory shore ;
Over bonds and death victorious,
Stands n* bv bis l ather's throne.
From the radiant host of martyrs,
Notes of joy and praise he bears,
Somrs of his poor land's deliverance,
Sounding from the future years.
is.: he wakes! hut aire celestial
B it he hiiu in iininortal rest;
And he sees, with unsealed vi-ion,
Scotland'* cause with victory blest.
Shining host attend and guard him,
As he leaves his prison door,
And to death, as to a triumph,
Walks the great Mac-< ullnm More!
E II. W.
Amsbnrt/, 1 '-ilh tuonlb, 1 S ilt.
* The tr fortunate l?uke of Argvle, who shared the dissstrous
defeat "f Monmouth, under Jam** II, was found sleeping
by the officers who came to Ic d him to the scuff'dd.
TilK ELECTION (IF SPEAKER?FREE SOIL
MEN AND UIIICS.
The Nnr York Tribune denounces the Free
Soil inen for their independent notion during the
struggle for the Speakership, and clnrges upon
them the election of Mr Cobb, u Slavery Propagandist.
We shall show, to the satisfaction of
every man of common sense, that the denunciation
is unjust, unl the charge untenable.
Had each member in the House voted with the
Whigs or Democrats, according to his original
party nihilities and connections, Mr. Cobb would
have been elected on the first trial; '.''.'1 votes
were then given, of which 111 were required to
elect. Howell Cobb received lo.'t. Add to these,
on the principle just stated, Booth, Durkee. King, ;
Wilmot, Cleveland. Doty, Peck, liulines, and :
Woodward, iu nil, ?and his vote would hive j
been 11'J?one more than enough to elect.
The Free .Soil men jiroji'r were?Messrs Allen,
Darken, (JiddingH, I b.we, King, Hoot, Wilmot,
and Tuck?S, (Julian being absent) They
agreed in this that they were willing to vote for
a Free Soil man. Whig or Democrat, provided they
could have sufficient assurances that he would, if
elected, organize the Committees of the I louse in
such a form as to promote tin* interests of Liberty.
The Tnhunr lays no claim to Wilmof, King,
or I)urkee, because they wen- elected by Democratic
constituencies, but it appeals to the country
against the Free Soil men who have been connected
with the Whig party, holding them especially
responsible for the defeat of Mr. Wiuthrop.
II id they voted for Mr. Wiuthrop, there would
have been no Free Soil organization in Congress.
It is quite possible that Wilmot, King, and Durkee.
might not have voted at all, and by no means
improbable that Cleveland, llooth, Doty, and
I'eek would have acted in the matter of organization
with the Democratic caucus. This, beyond
all doubt, would have secured Mr.Cobb's election
on the tirst trial. Put, suppose Wilmof, King,
and Durkee, Cleveland, Doty, Rooth, and Peck
had continued to act independently, the vote of
the Whig Free Soil men. as we may style them
for convenience, viz Messrs. Giddings, Allen,
Howe, Root, and Tuck, could not have elected
Mr. Winthrop. They could have raised his vote
only from 9G to lul?not even a plurality of the
votes cast on the first trial.
On the v:?th ami M)th trials, Mr Winthrop received
10'.i votes, the greatest number ever cast
for liiin Mr Howe, of the Free-Soilers. Messrs.
Alston and Milliard, of Alabama, voted for him
on these trials Now, add to the 10'J the votes of
Messrs. Allen, Giddings. Root, and Tuck, and
you have raised the number to only 100?whereas
I Pi votes were required tor hii election, there
being -"-.'I votes ou the.-e trials
Throughout the contest, while the majority
rule was in force, st no time could the Whig portion
of the Free Soil men, or all of them together.
have fltclttl Mr. Winthrop. The principal
effect of th? ir ne;ion. so far as the two caucus
candidates were concerned, was to defeat Mr.
Cobb.
Saturday. December '?!iith, the plurality rule
was adopted. G. W Julian, the Fiee Soil member
front Indiana, had arrive^. LitfiJ.tbw ?\on>ination
of General Taylor, he was a MVu'g. lie
renounced his party then, and voted for Van Huron.
Me bcciti.c subsequently the candidate of
the Liberty men and Free-Soileis in the district
represented last Congress by Caleb Smith. The
Ileuioerats united tipou him, and he was elided
over the Whig candidate. Of course, as a Rep
reseniaiive. ne noius no cuuuiciion wun tne
Whig parly, liut clans him. if you please, with
Root, Tuck.Giddinge, Allen.and I luwe, and insist
that his vote and theirs ought to have been given
for Mr Winthrop, nu the last trial, when it was j
certain that either be or Mr. Cobb would be j
elected Mr. Tuck did so vote, and Mr Win-'
throp received lot) votes. Mr. CobblO'J. fc?up- .
pose Allen, Giddings, Root, Howe, and Julian, j
had sustained the former, his vote would have
reached lt? > Rut. had they done this. Mr Wood, i
Democratic member from Obit. Messrs Wood
ward and Holmes from South Carolina, would
have voted for Cobb, thus tying him and Win- :
throp. Cabell, jt may be said, would have voted |
then for WAathroJ>. giving him 10<>. t>n the
other ,\aud. l'eek, dhe Democratic member from
Vermont would probably have voted for Cobb,
agaiu tying the two candidates. In this cri-is,
no man who knows the bitter hostility cherished
against Winthrop. by Messrs Tootubs. Owen, i
au 1 Stephens of Georgia, and understands the
relations they auataiu at home, can for a moment
doubt that they would have decided tie eontest
in favor of their colleague, Mr. Cobh. ^
Again After so keen a contest, protracted so
long ua to arouse the itllmUiii ef the vioieeonu
'AT. ERA, WASHTTlO'
try, Nort^ ami South, a son test in which it bad j
been demonstrated agaiu and ugain. that Me*srs.
Allen, Giddings, and Root, would newr sustain |
a candidate not believed by them to be favorable
to their cause, had they, on the final, decisive ,
trial, ([one over to Mr. Wiuthrop, Mr. Cabell
would not have dared to vote for him. and Messrs
Ililliard and Alston, and probably Mr. Clingnmn.
would have been repelled. Kvery niHn of
sagacity, who has been a careful observer of the j
proceedings, will concur in this opinion
So long as the majority rule was in being, the
j Free Soil men could have elected Mr. Cobb;
they could not haveelecttd Mr. Wiuthrop; they
could most certainly prevent the election of
cither?and this tb?y did. determined to show
j the country that there was an organization in
1 Congress for the first time, strong enough in |
numbers and in resolve, to make the <iuestion of '
; Human Freedom paramount over all party issues
and interests, and prevent any organization of
the House unfavorable to their great cause. !
j Again and again did they openly manifest their
willingness to vote for either a Whig or a Demo- 1
1 craf, provided he would satisfy them on this ;
mint ii nil it iv.m in tin. nnw, p of the Whiffs and
f , ... r- - ? ? o ,
Democrat* of the House representing non-slave- i
holding constiiuencies, by a united effort to have
elected either Mr Strong, a Democratic member
fruiu Pennsylvania, or Mr Stevens, a Whig morn- !
her from the anme State?both able, experienced. !
dignified men, in every respect competent for the
Speaker's chair. IJut th?jy would not unite; so 1
that upon them rests the whole responsibility ol
the election of a Slavery-Kxtensionist to that
Chair.
Of the action of the Democratic members we
spoke plainly in our lust number. A word now
concerning the Whigs. They claim that the plan
of electing by plurality originated with them?
that, by their support it was carried through the
HouBe, and that an organization was thereby ef- I
footed. We grant all this?and then we add. i
that their leading men foresaw that its adoption
must lead to the election of Mr. Cobb. They
had every reason to believe that he would be the
Democratic candidate, should the plurality rule
he adopted. They knew that Mr. Wimhrop
would be the Whig candidate?that he could not
receive the suffrages of the Georgi? Whigs?that
.the Free Soil men, with one or two exceptions,
woubi not support him?that Mr. Cobb would !
receive a plurality of votes, if in no other way, !
by,the aid of Messrs. Toombs and Stephens.
For^ecing ell this, they c irried the plurality
rule through |he [louse?and the result is. the
elcciiM by a minority of a Democratic Speaker,
opposed tilth* improvement of our Luke I iarbors
ant Western riven, fcml opposed to all attempts
to ^strictSla fcry withie its present limits. Who
is -esppaaiMe *> We to* appeal to the eountry,
ano are tilling that mr appeal should go side by j
side with that of the Nnr York Trihunt to every
sinorc oppciieot of Slavery and SlaYery-ExtcnSiOD.
PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
We had n< room last week for comment on this
document nor is much comment needed. There
is nothing in it to justify extreme praise or ceu- j
suie. 1 is a respectable message?respectable j
in style, matter, spirit, aud dimensions. The I
view it resents of our foreign affairs, if correct, is
encoursging, showing that we are "at peace with
all nations.'' and, as one of the copies of said document
Las it, "seek to maintain or cherished relations
>f amity with the rest of mankind"?
I whereby, as the AU/nni/ A'las conjectures, is
meant South Carolina and Georgia!
The newspapers have been indulging in visions
of an approaching conflict between the United
States and Great Britain, growing out of antago;n
rv>,tr,.l A TK? t.'..?i;^n
Consul General, Mr. Chatficld, has hacked the
claim of the fictitious Mosquito King to a portion
of territory commanding the route of the Canal
cngigcd to he constructed across the Isthmus hy ;
mi American company, and laid claim to another
portion of the terrin ry of .Nicaragua, ns security i
for the payment ot dehts due the citizens ot Great
ISritain, and taken possession of the island of
Tioait. ns additional security, after the negotiation.
hy Mr Sqiiier, American Minister, of a
treaty hy which said island was to he ceded to
this country all of which acts constitute, in
thejudgmeut, of some of our countrymen, sullieient
reasons for resisting her British Majesty
' at all hazard and to the last extremity '7 But
the President, despite all this, announces in his
message, that " our relations with Great Britain
are of the most fiiendly character. VVc hope
so. It would ho a disgrace for two such nations
to fall to cutting each others throat, on account
of the pretentious of his sublime Majesty the
Kin if of tht Musi/uiiO'\i! A little discreet diplomacy,
we doubt not. will secure effectually all the
interests Americans have in Central America.
We could wi-h that the President had been a
little more explicit in relation to the orgiuiiz ition
of Governments iu California and New Mexico, j
lie represents the People therein as alone responsible
lor that work, without the slightest
allusion to his own action in taking the initiative ;
in both Territories. It was due to himself and
to the American People, that he should give a full
exposition of his course in this particular, and
the grounds on which he rested it. The grave
responsibility he hail assumed, he should have
been prepared to vindicate, if at all defensible.
One tiling we learn from this part of his mess ge,
and that is, that any hill for the admission of
California and New Mexico as States, will receive
his sanction. But we must also direct attention
to the fact, that he assumes in relation
to all these Territories the same ground taken by
General Cass, and which insund his defeat
" By awaiting their acftin," he says, speaking
of the Territories. all causes of uneasiness may
he avoided, and confidence and kind feeling preserved
With a view of maintaining the harmony
and tranquillity so Tiear to all. we should abstain
from the introduction of those exciting topics
of a sectioual character which have hitherto
produced painful apprehensions in the public
mind; and I repeat the solmin warning of the
tirst and most illustrious of my predecessors
against furnishing 'any ground for character
izing parties by geographical discriminations.7 '
This is a recommendation to Congress to abstain
from the introduction of any question relating
to Slavery, and to sanctiou just such uction
iu regard to it as may be adopted by the people
of the Territories no matfaj whether 4l*ii wC,.l\ I
allow or eav?ude the institution Thisls the tirst \'
authoritative intimation we huve had of the poli- j
ey of the President.
The recommendation in the Message in relation
to the Tariff, di tines the position of its an- j
thor. as a Whig He,is in favor of a revision of
the Tariff, of auhstituting specific for ad valorem
duties, and of increasing the taxes on imports
It is to be regretted that soch a recommendation
should emanate from the Kxecutive at this time,
as it can produce nothing hut a fruitless controversy,
there being a majority in both branches
opposed to any change of the existing order of
things.
The President closes his Message with a paragraph,
designed, no doubt, as a warning to those
gentlemen who are menacing the I'niou
"In my judgment," he says, "its dissolution
would he the greatest of calamities, slid to avert
that should he the study ot every American,
t'pon ita pr<serration must depend our own happiness,
an l that of cotinth ss g< u? rations to come.
WhtUtur dann>t\ ?say Ihmit-H U. 1 >/?// stnwl hi/ it
nmf mnmttrin it in |M mtritn'y, to th full nt 0/
Iulliq .tiitn' iin; Mill ,i ! ]w > in, t- trnl nyon
Mr hi/ th~ Ctnttlii'tin
This meet* precisely the threat of "resistance
at all hn? ?r ts and to the last ixtremity " We
have little douiit that the General would do his
duty in the contingency indicated When it
shall come to hard knocks, he w ill to- just the man
for the occasion* being a little more f miliar w iih
grape and canister than ad valorem uud s|><cifio
duties i
3
j
im:T). C.
THE COMMITTEES OF THE IIMSE- ME. WW- 1
TIIKOP.
4* Norwich, lucnher 20,IH4?.
44 Dr. Baii t-v: I have notit-r?l in the Bmtw
Daily Aim of the 17th instant, that the Editsrinl
('orrespondent 1 W S.' speak* of Hm
Alleu, Kg follow*: 4 Mr. Allen I jmientMl to
object to the way in which the Coi|vilftM Ml tRi
District of Columbia had he- n i>'.*INsllod hMTltf.
Winthrop ; that the voice of the I''m1I#MI Md
been stifled in that Committee; aid kit at 1^'
port could be obtained from it. H* (Allan) had
better overhaul the Journal* of the House before
be makes such an assertion. He will find that I
this Committee did make i rejort. That Committee
reported a hi/I to Abolish Slavery in the His- '
trict of Columbia, and when amotion wm male
to lay it on the tablej six of them voted against
it.'
"How is it ? Hoes the Editor of the Allan state I
the truth concerning tie action of Mr. Win- J
throp's committee ? If he does, the fact ought to
be known." * * *
The statement of the editorial correspondent of j
the Boston Atlas is entirely untrup. as we shall
show presently. Ilefore doing so, a word concern- j
itig Mr. Winthrop and the Committees of the j
House. Three of these, the Committees on the |
Judiciary, District of Columbia, and the Terri- |
tories. are specially liable to be cilleJ upon for j
action in relation to Slavery.
The Committee on Territories, as organized by
Mr. Winthrop in the commeneeuient of the last
Congress, consisted of Smith of ludi ma, Cranston
of Rhode Island. Cobb of Georgia, Rockwell of;
Vfobii-elta, Thompsou of PeJWvlv^nia. Gott
of New York, Morse of Louisiana, Evans of Ohio,
Pillsbury of Texas?three slaveholders, six nonslaveholders.
Of the latter. Smith, Gott, and
Rockwell, were understood at that time to be
thorough Anjli-Slavery men ; Cranston, Evans
and Thompson, were Wilmot Proviso men, but
not so active as the former were supposed to be. I
For one. we say frankly, that this Committee ap- 1
peare J to be fairly constituted.
In the interval, between the first and second j
sessions of that Congress, the Whig Party, by the
election of General Taylor, became committed to !
a policy adverse to the agitation of the Slavery j
Question; and, at the opening of the second I
session, it was manifest that the aim of his
leading friends in the I louse was, to evade or pro- j
crustinate decisive action upon the Territorial :
Question. The gentleman at the head of the j
Committee on Territories, having some prospect j
of tilling eventually a place in General Taylor's |
Cabinet, became a </in>ti\f. The moderate Wilniot
Proviso men on the Committee seemed to partake
of his spirit. In view of this state of things
Mr. Hcct ia'r: iucc J s rcs.d'jfiaB instri'jtinjr
Committee to report bills for the Government of j
- -- ... ..L ?T!| |
California and ISew Mexico, wnn mo nnmui ;
Proviso in them. Ou his resolution, he demanded j
the previous question. Mr. Vinton asked whether j
it whs a resolution to iustruct the Committee to J
into tht f.rjxdi.iuy of reporting. &c. Heing
informed that it proposed to instruct them imperatively
to report, he said he should vote against
the demand for the previous question. The previous
question, however, w is ordered, against the
votes of several lea ling Taylor Men, and the
resolution was passed. The Committee of course |
reported, but, with the exception of moving that
they be made the special order of the day, its :
chairman took no special interest in them, and
never, we believe, made a speech in their support
Still this change in him and a few of his asso- j
ciates. happened ofttr their appointment by Mr.
Winthrop on that Committee, so that w e cannot
hold him responsible.
We wish we could find his conduct in relation
to the construction of the other two Committees
equally unexceptionable. Let us analyze them.
The Committee on the Judiciary consisted of!
J. U Ingersol! of Pennsylvania, Ashmun of Mas- j
sachusetts, Pettit of Indiana, Hall of New York, j
Lumpkin of Geotgia, Dixon of Connecticut
French of Kentucky, Taylor of Ohio, and Meade i
. . "f"" "
of Virginia.
If J. 11. Ing rsoll t>e an Anti-SIavety man, we
have never detected the slightest evi lrmoe of the
fact Pettit w .? an ardent Wiluiot Proviso man,
but hated negroes. French was a moderate olsvoholder;
Lumpkin and Meade were ofJhoiMrt
ultra class. Taylor, we have always regarded as j
little better than a pro-slavery man, voting, of!
course, for the Wilmot Proviso, but under com- !
pulsion from his constituents. Dixon, Hall, and j
Ashmun, were the only men on the Committee j
from whom any legislation on the side of Liberty, 1
(beyond the Proviso.) could ever be expected. No
mm in Washington, familiar with the oourse of j
the gentlemen named, and acquainted with their
views, will question the correctness of our representation.
The Committee on the District of Columbia
consisted of Chapman of Maryland, McDowell
of Virginia. Harrow of Tennessee, Situs of South
Carolina, I lenry of Vermont, Tallmadge of New
Yurk. Tlnits'on of Ilhode Island, Fieklin of Illinois,
and Kdwards of Ohio?four from the slave j
States, five from the free, the chairman being a
slaveholder With the exception of Thurston
and llmry. thire w as not a man on that Commit- |
tee from whom Freedom had anything to hope !
Mr. Fieklin had always been notorious for his j
pro-sl tvery course. Tallmadge and Edwards
never gave indication of the least degree of interest
in any form of the Auti-Slavery movement, j
It was generally understood, never denied, that ,
we know, that the latter wa? an owner of slaves !
As to the rest, they were all known to be opposed j
to interference in any we with slavery or the slave i
trade in the District. Certainly, had we eonsti- I
tuted such a Committee, we should have expected i
that every one would see at once that our inten- j
tion wan to carry out a policy which had heen i
pursued for ncnrlyhalfa century?the It-ulom. I
the ilo-uolhi" po'icy. .Nothing was done during j
the long se.-M< n of the last Congress. The mc-|
tnorials in relation to slavery and the slave trade '
wire ruthlessly smothered in this Committee j
The opening of the second session was signalized
by vigruous attacks on the District slave trade.
Croat excitement was the result The authorities
here saw that the non-slaveholding citizens were
growing deeply indignant at the perpetuation
i t the enormity. On the "i'td of January, the
May ., ant corpnrntc authorities memorialized
Congt ess ou thesulject, and asked for an act directly
prohibiting the importation of staves into
the District for hire or sale, or empowering them
to prohibit such importation. Under the pressure
of this memorial, the Committee.vbadly as
it was constituted, could not h? lp noting, and on
the 1st of itinuary it reported a ,^l to prohibit
of si?.n iuto ine District for
sale or hire. Xc. It gave rise to a long discussion,
in which Mr. Chapman the Chairman of the
Committee, avowed his opposition to it. and announced
that he designed to move a substitute
Mr A. (J Hrovn, who had been put on the Committee
in place of Sims of S< uth Carolina, voted
to lay it on the table. Mr. Liaiizes of Kentucky
voted against this motion The hill went on the i
Speaker s table, and was never reached again
Now as Mr Winthrop was not censurable for j
the change which came over the spirit of the
Chairman of the Committee on Territories, so
he deserves no oainm relation for the t h ings w hich
took place in the minds of the majority of the
Committee on the District of Columbia We be- \
licve that tin former Committee was intended for
ic'.ion For its torpor at the second session w? i,
lo not hold Mr Winthrop accountable. We b?*l<
lit ve that the othir two Cummitt.e- were intend* I i
cd lor vit cnon, so fur a* slavery was concerne<|. (
F> r thi- we are constrained toLold Mr Winthrop ,
leconntitble ?nor can we see thai he deserves any
redii for the exceptional noli, n of one of these
L'<>mwitters, extorted under the pressure of a nicnorial
from the Corporation of Washington.
If we have made any misstatement on this sublet,
we shall theerfally admit correction. O9 '
I j e t has bten to do strict justice to all ooae
:eined For one. we admired Mr Wlnthrop^i
1 presiding officer, could his reelection to thft I
speakership. when the choiotf was reduced h#.
ween himself and Mr Cobb,have been secured, (
lithout the abandonment bf the Free Moil mem- ' I
'1
V. . k '
j j
tunc tMf < <-W
tk? tri? r {1*7 'Hm t. CXW^TIpHMf ?r i
*?mmUm, ?! 1 tie complete Mfl|j|pliM if A* I
DwMNtio ni i ITS to the rofa if Ik* ?! ? (
Pswsr. As k ii ?!i.ircons*#tko<7 hasksn *! 1
Uissd , the pron- struggle vhioh it has owl (
Mie h? <?ri?d to show clesrly to ths
American Peep-- (h" J > t i m i ti it ion of the Slave- i
bolder* to null-the Wilinot Pioriao a b.ir to I
any office?a h rosy utterly repugnant to Democratic
orthodoxy; to awaken among the Democratic
memliSTK trOni the North in Congrosa
a spirit which cahnift be bereafter suppressed by
SlaTery-hravitlo. At"', if Mr. Winthrop is defeated,
Mr. C<bl> is not the choice of the majority
n fi i IM
of the House. He is at best a minority speaker,
and, as socb, ;in<lcr special obligation to pursue ?
moderate and liberal course. In relation to this
gentleman, wi b :ve no doubt he will make a fair
presiding officer He is familiar with the rules
of th/llo'jse. a man of euergy, and disposed, we
doubt not, to |reside with impartiality. As to
the organicatiot of < omniittees, he will, of course,
be controlled by Southern sentiment on the Slavery
Queation.
for the National hra.
1)1 LL DEIEDBER.
BV THOMAS S. IK).NOIIO. * ,
'I'ht wind is sighing,
t he anow deep tjring.
MtthcrfepftVobTered. '^^6*
^ the frozen grout, J le
> ' ?ky appearing, <
No annbsam cheering,
I) it pale clouds rolling, P
Kolliug round.
I "he tall trees shiver,
ly the creaking river,
^*o,-e ott the ieicles
" Nhrillj fall,
' lit cliffs o'crhrniling,
i in 'oughs descending,
visb -now full iadeu.
^ \ leafless all.
nf.-Ll mier growingV
f *iii>i is tilowing
S.r ny r. louder,
Through the night,
I <1 tin Ilk of MlilMtHiV*.
for gladness,
telle my spirit ?
i Lo! 'tis light!
tWi liS. to VM'.aMA
("be taper turning
, he fearful darknen
Back to day.
lo ;k? surround me;
'oy bath found uie;
r irear Ileceniber
| Steals away.
Wushingtty Ihci-mb' r 17, 1N19.
*
Kkkk Soit-CitASK lit sy.?The correspondent 1
of the Exyt writes from Washington as follows:
" Mr. W. . Brown of Indiana, as you w ill see,
is at proses the Locofoco favorite, standing at i
109. The f ee-Soilers go for him. Chase, the i
Free Soil Sfator, has been electioneering forhitn
all the morn .g"'
We copji the foregoing from the Ntn York
Tribune, nie tly for the purpose of giving a Hat
coutradictim to the statement respecting Mr.
Chase. As a friend of Mr. Chase, we may state
that, so fsi from electioneering for Mr. Brown, !
he could uc; see the propriety of supporting him, !
although it *?s not for him to sit in judgment upon
the action ol independent representatives, who
honestly totk a different view of the matter
m\ MEXICO.
We learifruin a letter published in tbn husU\n?ton
Umofitit a Government has c| jp* fceen
organized it ifew Mentor. There w<Mtmynrties
in the fceld, one in (hvoe ef n TeaiflMjhfeth*
other, of nv8*te, organ!t%tton.
Uined the cl?me of Hngh N. Smith, fcrn|Mfe ef
Miaaouri, mm n dalegata to Cnngt?. ant mfhrntou#
ed in returning bixteen of the twenty-one delegates
to the Convention called by proclamation of
Lieutenant Colonel Beall. The basis of a plan
for a Territorial Government was adopted?lfj to
3?and Hugh jV Smith was chosen delegate by a
vote of IS to t
The corro pond en t. of the Union, who talks
with sufficient pertnees of the fanaticism of the
North and impertinent intrusion of the Wilmot
rroviso, is one pronnuiy 01 ft urge class of proslavery
men in New Mexico. He says:
The convention, I think very properly, left
the question of slavery wholly untouched?an intimation
to the North that we seek not the impertinent
intru on of the ' Wilmot Proviso in our
Constitution . and to the South, as well as the
North, that w desireno legisla'ive action of Congress
upon a matter -which we can easily settle
among ourselves, when the proper moment arrives
to agitate it The election just past, and the convention
recti,tly held, have, for the first time
since A merle n administration hete, aroused the
mass of the people to the necessity of their taking
an nctlv part in the political affairs of the
Territory, si i gu irding. w ith a vigil int eye, their
lights as cith ms of our great Confederacy.
" You will t ad in M r Smith, our delegate, a gentleman
well qualified to till the high trust conti led
to him, and one who will, if admitted to a seat on
the floor of L' ingress?of w hich not a doubt can i
he entertained?<lo honor to himself and the people
who have hosen him.
"Justice to as requires. </ month, in a void. which
must h htani{ that Congress tike mini' iliatr steps to
place the pe0j .e of New Mexico on an equal footing
with other parts of the Republic; and it now j
remains to he a en whether that justice he accorded
to us, orjeuidher denial of onr rights be the
result of quarrels between the fanatical zeal of the
North and the jealous and unfounded fear of the
South.
"Mr. Smith goes stored with a 1 tWpe fund of
statistical ktjsw ledgein all matte rs of interest rel
nuve vu our * < i ruory ; ana ins opinions on anything
conn ef>"' 'herewith arc fully entitled to all
the weight ofi nhoa'yP
The strongtJ evidence of the necessity of incorporating
th Wilmot Proviso in nny Territorial
Govemni i.t that may he granted to New
Mexico, is th emission to insert it in the basis
for such Govehmeut, by the People of that Territory.
It sktas that pro-slavery emissaries from
the States ar already at work there to secure
that country - a market for slaves.
Texas, it eems, is threatening to subjugate
New Mexicrf by force A resolution has been
introduced i;t her Legislature, instructing her
representsti es in Congress to protest against the i
,lldfnls*!fin o ny /lel/>g*(e fifOtn J'.TT Mcxto*. t-J j
seat in the body and, should their protest be
disregarded to withdraw from their seats and re- ,
turn home immediately. We hope it may he
amended ei t s to include theSenators from Texas,
and then dws. It would increase the chances of
the passaf of the Wiln.ot Provito through both
branches.
Anothe resolution, we understand, has been
introduce, authorizing the Governor to raise a
regiment t mounted men. to proceed to Santa Fe,
to assist : organizing the 11th Judicial District,
of which'hAt city is the principal seat. The
troops ar to avoid collision with the United- !
States fifties. I 4
We ve pleased to see matters coniing to ft
crisis. ? is high time the outrageous pretension#5
and inalterable arrogance of Texas w ere rebulK
I" a MBM lAt lo h*? fnrcmtit>r\ ??
in KEiTf net ntTTrrrfc.
The (invention of Kentucky, for amending
the Conii^tioa that NlnU, after a aeeaion of
Mi VpMf Mi 4h?ee w.eke, adjourned on the
4Mlf ?^M44''n?- wade, and ? aich are
IMk# I'eople, are t he .ollowing
9MMU MfriMk ef'the uegieUlure, not to ex- I
<-* eftty'lt# Inctne^leney if the
10 contra, debt, utt ft* the ' '
,lone to the ?^^Tof th?> p-.b1i? j??., ,h I
WfW,ion oflR ^001 lund rXch?iT(.lv ,*1
? of public education
tewry rtuiuins hh under the old Co?ktk,? I
HMf* that 110 slave can be emancipated fch), |
us eendl'ioti of removal frun the Stale I
The Convention ia to reassemble the ^ h
lay of June neat, to proclaim the new C<4?n *
lion. should it be ratified by the Psop|? A
MR. ROOT'S RBtULHTIOX. ? I 1
Always vigilant, the Faee-SoB m,u > (
ready tested the atrength of parties it4^|lt A
ou the Slavery Uuestion. Mr. Root W
trod need a reaolution instructing tb? r0^.f
Sh Territories to repcrt Tctri rial nUUr* ;]?
Wilinot Proviso?an instruction read'**1!*
cessary by the fact that a majority m |, r |K
mittee is composed of anti Wilmot Prjr S
Mr. Stephens, of Georgia, moved to ley v W
the table. This was the t'tl, and had the u
prevailed, the reaolution would have been I . I
and the sense of the House dtchuwi *ga ^ V
Wilmot Proviso. For this motion the fulL*. i
gentlemen voted :
Bieeell, McChrnand, Richardson. sad Ysn I
of Illinois?all Democrats; Bt*#, Door Ch |
of New Yob*?all Whigs; Mint MkdOiW^ 1
Pgnpjlyarift, Democrats ; Miller of Ohit t T
ocrtU ; yt rman of Indiana, Dfooiut--in ,] "
Demon^e and 3 Whigs from the free Su?
jTfc.yk's^w.W^teedte en this i kith
the Venables and .vieauee n the kfoittk, Wtr
Jams* JJeooisoi the Now York Erprtu. Wg^,.. i
rVmr. freetsndiae to represent an anti^fe, ty f
ijistrict in New York, and Charles e ci.?ot
T ew York whose fir>t distinction in Cnn?
, -v ta
wjned by voting with the Slavery Propag*?
We shall have something more to say? ^
Vr next week. We hold their comluetw 4eP
mHVnsable.
]y 'la* THE GREAT STOXK FACE,
k by natiia.nikl hawthokvk .[
t Vubliah in two week* from tihfc^ ,,
We *hall|[bnt'on above, by yt.
original oont\,0"kk we del"7 * two w
tii anikt. lh*v' bop*> 8ubucriters will have
as in that time* j ' ? *? r
generally renewal 'orkesp(l\u|f\('p
K?REIG\^ondence U ^ ^
Our foreign corre^ '
over till next week V-We aptfh ^ nl{flB
rav.nk's pa.nobama.djr^^^^^twr^
to the advertisement J?*1'"' ^ '
presents a magnificent^. ? j
one can contemplate
THERoiwreuviifX t
While the Lentalai. jNh
raise forces to i^deTf***?*%
the him lot it j of the j r?"!
tor,, the Legislati.ro 1 ?<?
its .ill to Congress, "1
ito heart, precisely font _ .... a
will .he, ? -i ?we*
The following moll "t""1 ??|
cent session, and it th^ ? - -akvAjlfcw ^
at the end of four weelA/J,,
Whereas the peoplg MKtli Cet^nfflL^R
States h ive commen^f*-*?*^* prcyvHHflf
system of encroachment QP??VL
and the rights of a portion of
Confederacy, which JB alike X i
seMatim # fa 's^vy'
% touted, nutki gtownyfn { affl
Stat?iio.Wlh*?? powwtt ? ;MI
i fwlly tyniii mf *UorU*f t ? f rWW
yow?r to Congress to probpdt he introdu^B
?f shrrery+nto any territory oeioagingto ike
3. Resolved, That the several States of tb*
Union acceded to the Confe lerncy upon terms ol,
perfect equality, and that the rights, privilege"
and immunities, aecured by the Constitution. belong
alike to the people of each"St. te.
4 Resolved, That .pny and all "erritorr v-*
quired by the United States, wheth 'by ditw-f
ery, purchase, or conquest, belongs in mnmou tithe
people of each State, and thither the peojileof
each State and every State have a common "ight
to emigrate with any property they may pan^ew;
and that any restriction upon this right,vrhieh
will operate in favor of the people of one section
to the exclusion of those of another, is unjust, op
pressive, and unwarranted by the Constitutor
0. Resolved, That slaves nre reeogaisrfoy the
j Constitution as property, and that the Wilt '
Proviso, whether applied to any territory at .
| time heretofore acquired, or which may be b ? !
j :.fter acquired, is unconstitutional.
i). nesoizfi, i nat congress has no power, e?n*
' directly or indirectly, to interfere with the eiis" .
cnce of slavery in the District of Colon<Wa.
7. R'sol ltd, That the refusal on the pyn
non-slaveholding States to deliver "t
skves, who hive escaped ft said So'
proper demand being made therefor, i#
palpable violation of the letter of the t
t on, and an intolerable outrage upon r
rights.
s Rt sol vol. That in the event jf the |
the Wilmot Proviso by Congress, the ab>
slavry in the District of Ca'umbjfi. the aof
California as a State, it*its pnHhnt p
organization, or the coutinted refusal of i
slaveholding States to deliver Q)'fugitive
immediate
r^uft'niniKa i!i
our rights by the non-slav>-holdinhjpiM^^|lth ifl
dure us to contemplate the possitsjfcf^drVtfM^H
10. Rt'solwrf, Thnt his Rxcellency tfie &over:.W!
or be requested to forward copies of there reso
lotions to each of our Senators Bnd Represents
tives in Congress, to the Legislatures of the several
States, and to the President of the United
Stat es.
It deuits not only the right of Congress to cs
elude slavery from California, but the right of the
People of that Territory to do so, in the get of
formings State Constitution Nothing willjntis/y
these gentlemen but the jrtrious privilege of <
getting up a slave market on the shores of the '
Pacific.
w. ,i-jijrtCcsjrti fjsratiKi-i1
tor it Will he a pity that the Georgia I.egialature
should lose any time. Let lie hill for the admission
of California as a Stele be put throaffc at
once. There need be no f;*iety as to the course
of the President. His ^wssage pfa4?*a khn to
sanction the bII. Then, the Georgia jttjtlewn
can cnll a Conventions Peaple afthai State I
forthwith, " IA taka iatlsonaiilMall? the mod? M
mil '.'Mmfi at redrew.' The goad People woub M
he soismsIM jrt"kd to E
to red mm. D
TV*1 " 1
*#?? V
hope v a
tie per I
S I
Thi B
r** I
I
>. _ I
Vi?u-; Wwv cjyxv M
I'he-ediior of I
recent with ^<MN Hjfato
44' We had It from
iiuinelf, hut a few months
' cetiwlhljr toU for the
is a fSU^Nhk a Conktwuiotl |lliQ1^H
'er/^V-al he considered that
*lj to settle the question it J*jS^|
We understand this to he Qsytf
lion, witlfiuianj hearsay or cohjMus*?F^^^B

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