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The national era. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1847-1860, January 10, 1850, Image 3

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r NO. 158.
W Sea*'"!- from Mississippi means to go with ma.
r and if the gentleman liwb tb t we can kaap M
] the yoke of slavery from the necks of freemen in
rt a better manner, I shall be happy to follow hi*
counsel an! lend in this great object at which we
are both aiming Possibly we may misunderstand
each other; and when we come to apply word* to
mm and things wo may tind we do not entirely
agie ; but certainly in the general propositions
we both agree; that is, to remove the yoke, to undo
the heavy burden, and let the oppressed go
free And while up, I beg loive to congratulate
my friends upon the able assistance we shall have
from the efforts of thegentltman from Mississippi
in accomplishing the great work we huve in
The printing of the resoluions was ordered
J Mr. Foote moved the appoiutment of two chap- !
lain*, to serve alternately in both branches. Mr. i
Turney presented a memorial, signed by citizens :
of Tennessee, protesting agaiust the employment
of t Chaplains A similar protest, from citizens of
Maine, was presented by Mr. Rradbury. They I
were laid on the table, ami the question of printing
w .?* r-I. rr. d to the Committee on Printing.
Mr. Foote then withdrew his resolution temporary
. . |
Mr. Dickinson presented a long resolution, i
y, hick lies ovi r under the rule. rei|uestiug information
from the Pos?niaster General concerning
the removal of Deputy Postmasters, ike
Soon after, the Senate proceeded to the consid- |
er.ition of Kxecutive business, and after a time
spent therein, adjourn*d.
??- -vVisl the general consent of the
rI IIou?e to present the memorial and constitution ;
of the State of I teseret. and desiring to have them
referred to the Committee on Territories, lie
also presented the credentials of Mr. B >bbitt, its I
Delegate and asked to have them referred to
the Committee on Klections. Mr. Baker desired
to present the credentials of Hugh N. Smith, |
claiming to he a Delegate from New Mexico, and
asked that they he referred to the Committee on
elections. Objeciion was raist d to the former by !
Mr. Stephens of Georgia, to the latter, by Mr. I
Jones of Tennessee, and the regular order of the j
day was insisted on, which was the election of the
Clerk of the House.
Nominations for this otlice were made as follows
l!y Mr. Ashmun, Thomas J. Campbell, of Tennessee
1 !y Mr. Thompson, of Pennsylvania. John W.
Forney, of Pennsylvania.
liy Mr. Booth. Calvin W. Philleo. of Connecticut.
By Mr I lolmes. Samuel L Gouvcrneur, of Vir- '
Bv Mr. White. John II. C. Mudd, of Mary- !
By Mr. Crowell, Nathan Sargent, of Pennsylvania.
By Mr. Thurman. De Witt Clinton Clarke.
Ry Mr Sackett, Philander B. Prindlc, of New |
By Mr Bingham, It. B French, of the District |
of Columbia.
By Mr. Hebard, Solomon Foote, of Vermont.
By Mr. Goodenow, Samuel P. Benson, of
(The House then proceeded to vote, li'ti vote, !
with the following result:
Whole number of votes cast, 208.
Necessary to a choice, 10.').
Mr. J. W. Forney received - - - 09
T. J. Campbell - - - - - 77 j
C. W. Philleo ..... 8
S. L. Gouvernenr - - N.
Sargent - - - - .3
P. li. Pi ingle ..... 4
J. II C Mudd ....:
S P. I'ensou .... 2
I). C. Clarke 2
A second trial took place, on which the vote
Btoud as follow? :
Whole number of votes east, 2011.
N.canary to a choice, 10o
Mr J W Forneyreceivid ... io;t
T J. ClBptlfll - - i - - 91
t| P. 15. Pringle ..... 4
S 1. Gotivcrncur .... 1
J II. C. Muild r.
N S irg< nt ..... ;i
C W Philleo (i
1) C. Clarke U
H. B. French 1
For Mr. J IF Forii'ij ? Messrs. Albtrtion,
Ashe, Averett, I?.?y, Bayly, Beale, Biasell. Bocock,
Booth, Bowdon, Bowlin, Boyd, Albert G. Brown,
William J. Brown. Buel, Burt, J. Cahle, George
A. Caldwoll, Carior. Cleveland. Mowed < 'obh.
W. It. VV. Cobb. Colcock, Piinmick, Pisney,
Puty, Pun ham, Edmnndson, Ewiug, Feathergton,
Fitch, Fuller, Gerry, Giltnore, Gorman,
Green, Hnckett.Hall, Hamilton, Hammond, Haralson,
Harlan. Harmanvon, Ishnm G. Harris, S.
W Harria, Hibbird, llo.aglund, Holmes. Howard,
Hubbard, Inge, Andrew Johnson. It. W.
Johnson, Jones. Kaufman, La Sere, Littler, Littl
field, Job Mann, Mason, McClernand, McDonald
McDowell. Itobt. M McL.ane. McMullen.
McQueen. McWillie, Meade. Miller, Morris,
Morse, Olds, Drr, Parker, Pea-dec, Peck.
Phelps, Potter, Powell, Richardson. Bobbins, Robinson,
Ross, Savage. Sawtelle, Seddon, Frederick
P Stanton, Richard 11. Stanton, Stetson, Strong,
Swectzer, Thomas, Jacob Thompson, James
Thompson, WilliamThompson. Venable, Walden,
Waldo, Wellborn, Whittlesey, Wood, Woodward,
and Young
For Mr. T J. ComjMl. ? Messrs. Alston,
Anderson, Ashtnun, Baker, I'ennett, Breck,
Brings, Brooks, Burrows, Chester Butler,Thomas
i) t i> r?.i.i,?oii r-rv.eav r-i,.,,.
A' dler, Clarke, Clingman, Cole, Connor, Cflnrarf.
V Corwin, Deberry. Dickey, Dixon. Duer. Duncan,
Nathan Evans, Fowler, Freedley. Gott, Grinnell,
I lialloway. Hampton, lliy, Haymond, Henry,
Milliard, Houston, Howe. Hunter, Jackson, J.
L. John?on, Daniel P. King George G. King,
- J rnrs G. King, John A. King, Levin. Marshall,
McGuughey, McKissoek, vicLran. Moore,
Morehead, Nelson, N?e, Newell, Onle, Otis,
Pitman, Putnam. Heed. Reynolds, Risley Rockwall,
Rumsey. Scheuck, Sohermerhorn. Schoolcraft.
Shepperd. Silvester. Sprague. Stanly, Stephens,
Taylor, Toombs. Underbill, Vinton, Watkins,
Williams, and Wilson.
For Mr. C. IV Philleo.? Messrs Allen. Durkee.
Giddinga, Julian. Preston King, and Wilrnot.
For Mr Honrtrn'ur.? Mr. Wallace.
For S. Footr.?Messrs I Iebard, Roof, and Goodenow.
For Mr. T). C CUtle.? Messrs. Meachatn and
For Mr. MmhK? Messrs. Campbell, Alexander
Evans. Rose. John B. Thompson, and White.
F>r Mr I) li French.? Mr. Bingham.
For Mr. PrmKU.?Messrs. Alexander, Matteson.
Sicketr. and Spaulding.
hor Mr. Snrg*nt.?Messrs. Crowell, Horace
Mann, and Tuck.
On the first trial, Pbilleo received b votes,
li ioth and Tuck votiug with those who voted for
yiiim on the sectud trial. On the second trial,
I Turk voted for Sargent, and I5o. th for Forney.
Vv'hiif ine re*uii ww* iu suspense, before the
votes were eountel, Mr Hurt of South Carolina
rose and said that, understanding a change of
votes might terminate the contest, be would change
his vote from GouYerneur to Forney Mr. Holmes
of S mth Carolina said he would do the same
|The Pemocrntie members from South Carolina
bad Toted together for Mr. Gourorneur, intending.
when they supposed their votes coul 1 decide
the struggle, to cist them for Forney?thereby
showing the power of South Carolina, and l.ying
the party under peculiar ohlig ttions to that wonderful
State. I. nfortunately for their calculations
Messrs. Hurt and Holmes had not figured up accurately?South
Carolina missed fire, Mr. Fornty
not being neir enough to an election to reaeh
it oven by their aid It will be observed that only
VOi o it of '2 (0 members were present. In n full
ll'use^ it was unlerstoud that Mr Forney could
no eoinman I si large * propjrtionatc vole. This
wi] explain w hat follows ]
Wr. Evans of Maryland moved a call of the
ll use, and demanded tellers, which were not or,'r
Stephens of Georgia demanded the yeas and
mis; which were ordered, and resulted in a tie
v i This was decided by the casting vote of
thi'f eaker in the negative.
Ir Evans then moved an adjournment, and denied
the yeas an I nays. They were ordered,
nisi suited?yews DS, nays 103.
ft Hchenek of Ohio again moved a call of the
II* with a view, he said, to give to all the
mferr* un opj>ortuuity to vote on the election
of ii Clerk. The yc is en 1 nay* l> ing dciniodi'd,
resulted?yens 101. nsy* 101.
It being now late, the House, on motion of MrWilliams
of Tennessee, agreed to adjourn?ye*9
108. nays !)0.
Friimv. JaarakY I. IS.'jO.
As usual, a large number of memorials and petit
ions was presented.
Mr Mason of Virginia, on Wvc, introduce! a
bill to carry out more effectually th? provision of
the Constitution in relation to fugitives from service
or labor. lie respectfully asked from the
Chairman of the Judiciary Committee, to which
it would be referred, a speedy report It was ordered
to be printed and referred to said committee.
| VVe presume it is substantially the same bill
as was reported by Mr liutler of South Carolina.
Chairman of the Judiciary Committee, at the last
session of Congress, providing that deputy postmasters,
custom-house officers, aud other United
States officers, be required to net in the recapture
and delivery of fugitive slaves. Very honorable
employment! Mr. Mason had the assurance to
take for granted that the hill would meet with no ,
resistance. We take for granted that it may p iss
the Senate?for we know not what that body will
not do in its obsequiousness to the Slave Power i
but it can never pa>s the House.]
Mr. Dickinson introduced a hill to establish a
Branch Mint in the city of New York. Mr. lieu- I
ton intimated ins intention to wort' to amend, by
providing for a Branch Mint at San Francisco?
and Mr. Butler said he would move another
amendment, providing for a Branch Mint at
Charleston. The bill was referred to the Committee
on Finance.
The resolution of Mr. Cass, to instruct the
Committee on Foreign Relations to inquire into
the expediency of suspending diplomatic relations
w ith Austria, being called up, Mr. Cass addressed
the Senate at length upon the sutject He
spoke of the modern facilities for intercominunica'ion
among the nations of the earth. favoring the
grow th of a public opinion pronouncing upon the
acts of nations the judgment of t he present day and
anticip ding that of posterity, 'ts influence wr.is
all-pervading, irresistible ? stronger tban the
bayonet, more vigilant than the suspicions of des- !
lie reviewed briefly the diplomatic history of
thiscountry, showdug that the intercourse between
independent natious. when uot governed by special
conventional arrangements, was regulated by j
each for itself, subject to the established principle
of the laws of nwWus The interruption of .
diplomatic intercourse was no just cause of offence.
It was n mere question of courtesy or convenience
Such iutcrcoursc with many of the nations of
Europe, Austria among them, w as a matter chiefly
of courtesy. She had but one port. Trieste, and
our trade w ith that scarcely exceeded a million
and a half of dollars annually. But, while the
act of discontinuing diplomatic intercourse could
give no just cause of offence to Austria, or endanger
any national interest, he would not seek to
conceal that the motive of such an act?strong indignation
at Austrian oppression and cruelty?
would be very unacceptable to that Government.
lie was not in favor of this kind of governmental
interposition in ordinary cases It should
be reserved for great events?events marked by
great crimes and oppressions on ouc side, and
great misfortunes and exertions on the other.
1 freely confess that 1 shall hail the day with
pleasure when this Government, reflecting the
true sentiments of the people, shall express its j
sympathy with struggling millions, seeking, in !
circumstances of peril and oppression, that liberty
which was giveu to them by God. hut which has
been wrested from them by man. I do Dot sec any
danger to the true independence of nations by
such a course; and indeed I am by no means certain
that, the free interchange of public views in
this Rolemti manner would not go far towards
checking the progress of oppression ami the tendency
to war. Why, sir, the very discussion in high
places, nnd free places, (and here is one of them.)
even where discussion is followed by no act, is itself
a great element of retributive justice to punish
it, when an atrocious deed is done, and a great
element of moral power to restrain it when such
a di ed is contemplated I claim for our country
no exemption from the decrees of these tribunals ;
?ud when we are guilty of a tithe of the oppression
and cruelty which h ive made the Austrian
name a name of reproach through the world. I
hope we shall receive, as we shall well merit, the
opprobrium of mankind.
Mr Cass then appealed to the Senators from
Kentucky and Massachusetts. (Messrs. Clay and
Webster,) reading extracts from eloquent speeches
of theirs, denouncing oppression in other countries,
and prt f ssing profound sympathy with the
cause of struggling millions. He could not hut
anticipate their cordial cooperation in supporting
his resolution.
1 le disclaimed in behalf of bis countrymen the
spirit of propagandists They were deeply attached
to political liberty, but did not maintain
that practical freedom might not he secured under
constitutional monarchies.
Hut. bet ween Governments like these, and the
despotism which overshadows?overwhelms, I may
say?some of the fairest portions of the Old
World, where power is the only rule of right for
the governors, and obedience the only resource for
the governed, there is a difference as marked and
as wide as is the difference in their effects upon
the character, nnd progress, and prosperity of
man. The former, when they fulfil their legitimate
duties, commend themselves to our good
wishes and respect. Ther< is no American, true
to the political iiith of our fathers, w ho does not
sincerely desire the renovation of the latter and
the restoration of the oppressed masses to the
rights nnd dignity of human nature.
Here is an empire of freemen, separated by the
hroad Atlantic from the contests of force and
opinion, v. tilth p??hi to sue red each other like the
waves of the ocenn in the mighty changes going
on in Kuroj.e ; twenty millions of people enjoying
a measure of prosperity which God in his provi|
dence has granted to no other nation of the earth.
With no interest to warp their judgments, with
neither prtjodiee nor animosity to excite them
and with a public opinion as free as the air they
breathe, they cm survey these events as dispassionately
as is compatible with that natural sympathy
for the oppressed which is implanted in
the human bren?t Think you not sir. that their
voice, sent from these distant shores, would cheer
the unfortunate onward in their work; would encourage
them, while bearing their evils, to bear
them bravely as men who hope; and. when driven
to resist by a pressure no longer to be borne, to
exert themselves as men who peril all upon the
ft >rr f Hut. wnere no <ieinonsrranon or trueresi
: on the port of h Government in called for by circumstances,
it sound public opinion is ready to
proclaim its sentiments, and no reserve is imposed
upon their expres-ion It is eommon to this country,
and to every country where liberal institutions
prevail, arid it is us powerful and as powerfolly
exerted in Prance mid in Kriglnnl as in the
United States. Its effects may not he immediate
or immediately visible, hut they are sure to come,
and to come in power, luvoica j? Luder than the
booming of cannon, ar.d it is heard on the very
confines of civilit ition. Our Declaration of
Independence h is l.iid the found ition of mightier
changes in the world than ny event since the
spirit of the crusades precipitated Europe upon
Asia with lesions hit mis tikcn views of r< ligious
Mr. C <M read fiotn the Lon Ion Times an
a.Mr* ss to L rd J<>hn I! us-t il. signed by eightythree
tnemli is of Parliament, requesting the
interposition of the Government sgiinst Austrian
cruelties and followed this up with a hrief j
narruiveof the nets of Austria which provoked
the Hung r no and some vivid descriptions of
hcr hntchcrrcs And rhen heutd'M?
Now. sir I s?y it without reserve, that a Power j
thus setting :it defiance the opinion of the world, .
and vtdlaUng the best feelings of our nature in
the very wantoone?-. of successful cruelly, has no j
bond ot union with the American people The
sooner the diplomatic intercourse is dissolved and
dissolved wi'h marks of ludignant reprobation, i
the sooner shall we perform an act of public duty,
which at hone and ubroid will meet with feelings
of kindred sympathy front all. wherever they may |
he, who are not fit subjects for the tender mercies
of an Austrian Power.
He neit rebuked that spirit of conservatism
that shrunk from doing any new thing, because j
it w is not in the books
Let not the timid he alarm*.I; w here there is j
free inquiry there is no danger. There is u fund
of practical g'sel sense, as well as a deep moral and |
religious feeling in the people of this couutry, j
which will hold on to our institution*, uot with 1
dind tenacity, but with a firm resolution to
naiutuin thent; and, whilst wisely admitting im- I
arnvement. rejecting impracticable nod <1 mgcrous
rojects. often originating in honest though mis- i
aken vitwn. Let us not fear the progie-s of i
>pinion The world is probably yet veiy fur t
rotn its extreme point of improvement. Before
hat is retched, many a project will be proposed J
ind rejected, m iuy an experiment tried and fail- t
d : and a spirit of investigation will be abroad. <
1 mgcrous only when met by force instead of argument
Mr Cass close ! bis speech by a personal allu- '
>ion to James Watson Webb, recently appointed
to the Austrian mission, who, without awaiting ,
the confirmation of the Senate, had left the conn- !
try precipitately, with the President's appoint- '
Dent in his pocket, intimating that, although he '
had always cherished the most friendly feelings ^
towards that geutleman. and lurlieved him competent
for the station, he could not, in view of the '
fact referred to, vote to confirm his appointment, j 1
Mr.Seward ros to express his profound regret
that this particular subject bad been introduced
in open Senate. He found himself exceedingly ,
embarrassed ns the friend, the personal friend
the unwuv. ring friend, the devoted friend of this
foreign representative lie had in his possession :
documents to extenuate, and. he believed, to remove
the accusation of a precipitate flight from
before the Senate of the Uuited States and yet
they were of that nature which, in justice to the j
domestic relations of that individual, he was not
at liberty to give to the world. He could only
say, that he hoped the distinguished Senator from
Michigan, anil all others who declare their opinions
to he against the confirmation of this individual.
would suspend their judgment until he could
hive an opportunity, within the custom and
practice of the Senate, to remove the objections,
if it was in his power to do so, which were made
the basis for refusing the confirmation.
Mr. Foote replied to the remarks of Mr Seward
with great severity, bringing up a letter published
by that Senator in the National Intelligencer,
last spring in which he explained his consultation
with a member of the Cabinet in relation
to Walker's and Webster's amendments concerning
California, and stated his action in the case.
Mr. Foote commented on this letter at length,
alternately satirizing, denouncing, and ridiculing
the Senator from New York
Mr. llale, intimating his intention to discuss
the resolution submitted by Mr Cass, moved its
postponement till Monday.
The motion prevailed, and
The Senate adjourned till Monday.
The Speaker haviug announced the general !
orici oi the diy to be the election of a Clerk. ]
Mr. Hampton moved its postponement till next
Monday. The yeas and nays were demanded,
and the vote stood?yeas 9V nays !>7.
After the announcement of the vote, Mr
Thompson of Mississippi reminded the Speaker
that he had a right to vote, and wished him to >
exercise it. The Speaker declined, stating that
the vote had been announced.
[Had the Speaker voted as he had a light to do
when his vote would make n tie, the motion of
Mr. Hampton would have been lost, and the
House would have proceeded to elect a Clerk |
As the interests of Party seemed to require this
exercise of his right, it may he well to remind the ;
reader, that Mr Root's resolution, the final action j
on which was deferred last Monday by a vote to j
adiourn. might come on next Mondav. nrovided I
the regular order of business vm observed. Hut
the postponement of the election of- Clerk till
that day would postpone the Jlhanccs of u
consideration of Mr. Root's resolution in relation
to the Territories. Did Mr. Cobb see
; this, and did he risk mere party interests, for the
J sake of defeating an anti-slavery proposition?!
M r. W illinms of Tennesseo having risen to pre;
sent a petition, the Speaker decided that the first
i thirty days of the session having expired, peti;
tions were not iu order.
Mr Winthrop raised the question whcth< r the
i House could be said to have been iu session,
| when for three weeks it had no Speaker, and
Mr. Stanly appealed from the decision of the
Chair. The Chair was sustained by a vole of
101 to 01.
|The House voting in fact that the session had
commenced on the first Monday in December,
and was in regular session, from that time, although
it was not till the O'.'d that a Speaker was
elected |
The House adjourned (ill Monday.
Monday, Jani'aky 7,lfcfrO.
Numerous petitions and memorials were as
usual presented.
Reports from committees were made, and hills
were introduced on leave.
A resolution, submitted by Mr. Houstonoii the
07th ult., requesting information from the President
concerning correspondence between the Government
of the United States and Texas in rein
tion to the boundary of Texas an i New Mixico |
was taken up and passed.
On motion of Mr. Douglas, the special order of
the day, being the resolution of Mr. Cass to suspend
diplomatic relations with Austria, was poHf- !
poned for a time, for the purpose of taking up and |
acting upon such resolutions as would not give
rise to debate.
The resolution submitted bv Mr Clemens, call- I
ing upon the President for information concerning
his action in California, coming up, gave rise
to gome debate.
Mr. Oooglas suggested that, in accordance with
the intention of the motion by which the cpeci.il
order had been postponed, it lie over for a day or
t wo.
| \1r. Clemens, the young .Senator from Alabama.
w ho seems anxious to make himself notorious,
talked in a very dictatorial style of the necessity
of j i-sin,/ the resolution, and what Kt would and
would not do. The Southern members so no d
dispose I to force a debate upon it, probably with
i view to stave oil the special order, and thereby
prev nt a spe ch from Mr II tie, whoh.id th. flour
on the resolution of Mr. Cass. Mr I)ouglas at last
foiin 1 himself obliged to move that the resolution
lie upon the table. Some of bis Southern brethren
took him to task f.r this, hut be was spirited,
ari l determined to act in po?l faith. The yeas
and nays were oidered. and resulted yeas 'J'.).
liars ' !'??a tie. The Viee President voted then :
in the hflirmative, and the resolution was laid I
upon the table.
Among other resolutions called up w is the one
submitted by Mr IHckiiiHun of N.w Y?rk
ing upon the . Cm-nes il'f.i iui-unon'ton i
in regard to appointments. \.c. K.r Mn h exception
was taken to the phraseology of the re-olu- I
tion. and, in the course of the debate, it w is in- j
timatid that the resolution was only an indirect
attack on General Taylor Mr. Itickincon <livclii
ued with much indignation this imputation,
antw tint ing that when be made an ucsiiult Oil the
A (ministration, it would not be done by indirtction
Sir, ' be exclaimed. " I will strike with the
point of my cpc.ar the j oint of their l>u Hois
Gilberts f' whereat the Senators made themselves
fjuite merry |
The S- ii.it>' n>'*l res jriif l the cnni leratjon of
the special <?r<!? r, being the resolution of the Sen I
aior from Michigau, (Mr. Cuss,) as follows
li>wt >/, That the Commlt'ee on Foreign !< la'i'inh
f? instructed to in<|uire in'o tl.e rsp'di- :
cucy of suspending <li|.loin itic relations wi'h 1
A out i i i
Mr 11 ili> |trf.r? I procee<| with iny remarks
I h ive uu amendment which I wish to offer. I
move, sir, to insert before the wijid "Austria
the word* ' Russia an i."
The Vice Prescient staled the ipirsti.in to he
on the Rtnenilment.
Mr 11.ile. Wiieu I b id the honor On Friday
1 .st to move to po-tpone the further consideration
of this sulject, nothing was further from my
intention than to trouble the ?en .te with a length
ened address I designed then, and I hope | shall !
now adhere to that resolution, tu say hut a few
words ou this resolution , but it appeared to me
that the occasion, and the manner iu which the
subject was treated, were such a* should not
he suffered hy nie to pass without the eipress!on
of some views before the Senate which I entertain
upon that subject.
I may say on the out - ct to t Li?* honorable Senalor
;r in Miehift m, th it I Jo um tine for the purpose
of opposing his resolution I will say further
that I Jo not remember ev r to have listen- 1
id to a s|?eech d. littered within the walls ot tli- i
rli.iiiiln r with more unaih ycd pleasure noil sati
faction than I did to the speech of the honorable j
Si-tin'or from Michigan. And. -dr. I on truly
my, in the words of another Stnifor, delivered 1
mi uiiother occasion, " I w is more than mtisfi J?
I w is gratified." And, sir. as in the hurry of thai
Ji liafe. some of the sentiments which were so elii|Ucn'ly
expressed, and which do honor to the <
Senator and to the Senate, have c died forth muc h
ipprohation. permit me, at the risk of h. ng a Utile
tedious, to e.ill the attention of the honorable
senator ami ni trie aenitc in ueuu io some 01
[hose emphatic expression** of opinion which com-' i
winded my uiost earnest commendation. unl
i\ bich commended tbeinsi lvis to my deepest sympathies.
Says the honorable Senator : 4i I desire not to
he misunderstood " I hope I did not uii?uud< rstaiid
him ; and I sincerely hop*, too. that the
country at large has not misunderstood him lie
' 1 desire not to be misunderstood. I do not
mean that in all the revolutionary struggles which
political contests bring on it would be expedient
for other Governments to express their feelings
of interest or sympathy. I think they should tt -t.
for there are obvious considerations which forbid
such action ; and the value of this kind of moral
interposition would he ditniuiahel by its too freijuent
recurrence. It should he reserved for great
events?events marked by great crimes and op- i
presMons on the one side, and great exertions
and misforttines on the othw, and under circumstances
which carry with them thp sympathies of
the world, like the partition of Poland an I the
eubjugitKu) 4/f Hsjtwry Wp rw ofl, congratulations
us we have done to peoplecr w n- ]
ed by success in their struggle for freedom. We !
ct? offer our recognition of their independence
to others, as we have done, while yet the effort
was pending''
And then the honorabl Siunlot asks, with an
emphasis which w ill thrill through the heart of
every in .n w ho roads the inquiry?
' llave we sympathy only for the uufortunate ? ;
Or is a cause less sacred or less dear because it '
is prostrated in the dust by the foot of power ? "
No, sir; I thank God that humanity is not so
constituted To every liberal and philanthropic !
heart?to every humane and geuerous uiiud?the
cause is all the more dear, all the more Bicred, all J
the more cherished, fur the very reason that the ,
foot of p ower treads its victims in the dust. Aye, ;
sir. my sympathies will go thus low?down to |
whuvthe victim lies beneath the font of' nowee
let it be whose foot it may ; an I while he is down ;
there, writhing in agony, to that depth shall niy
sympathies go : and I th ink, most heaitily thank, i
the honorable .Senator lor the emphatic question
he has thus put forih to the Senate and to J
the country.
Sir. I equally agree with another sentiment
which ? is uttered by the honorable Senator front
Michigan. He says
I that 1 .xJar".1 '*c
pleasure when this Government, reflecting the true
sentiments of the people, shall express its sympathy
for struggling millions, seeking, in circumstances
of peril and oppression, that liberty w hich ;
w is given to them by (Jod. but which h.? been
wrested from thent by man"
Aye. sir, "God-givm liberty" is that with
which the honorable Senator sympathizes?"but
which has been w rested from hitn by man.'' Ami
now, sir, let me tell that honorable Senator that
there h ive been, in years gone by. aching and
throbbing hearts that have been waiting, watching,
agonizing, praying for just such a day us
this. " w hen this Government, reflecting the true
sentiments of the people, should express its sympathy
with those people in their situation of j
peril and oppression, seeking, punting after the
liberty which is "given by God.'' but which has
bet n " wrented from them bv man
Again, 1 most cordially ngrte with that honorable
Senator when he says :
" I do not see any danger to the true in depend- ;
encc of nations by such a course ; and indeed I
am by 110 means certain that the tree interchange
of public views in this solemn manner would not
go f.r towards checking the progress of oppression
and the tendency to war."
Here, then, we have the sanction of the hot arable
Senator, and he tells us that the. expression
of those liberal opinions will go far "towards
checking the progress of oppression ''
I thank the honorable Senator for that expres!
sion ; it is true now, and always has been true
1 since the fir-t existence of nations.
The honorable Senator says :
The very discussion in higli places, and free
place i"?adding that here, in this Senate, ia one |
id then; even where discussion is followed by
no act. is itself a grmt ib incut of retributive justice
to | uiiisb it. when an attroeious di ed is done,
an I a gre it el? no nt of ntor.il power to 1 estrain it
when such .1 deed is contemplated '
And sir I mo-t coidially agree with him again
when, in the language of another Senator he
i Bay ...
1 have no commiseration for princes. My sympathies
are res. rved for the great ma-H of mankind"
"Self-government is the natural govern!
ment of man."
And again, wprn nrn'hrr occasion, when the
honorable Senator observed "It ought to itui
n ate us to desire t he redemption of the minds and
bodies of unborn millions from the brutalizing effects
of a system whose tendency is to stifle the
faculties of the tout, and to degrade nun to the
level of beasts
Sir. I th ink both of the Senators for these oxpr<
ssions I coull not have given utterancelo them
i myself. an ! even if I had been able to express
them with the same force and eloquence it would
' have been regarded as enthusiasm, or perhaps !auatisin.
entiling from my mouth. It is n very different
matter now. sir
A.ruin mi ,1/??ii i iiir of 111 < im o <1 i-nimminrm wliirli
have taken |>1h?*o. Ihe honorable Senator hujk j
' There i* no Ann rie. in true to tlie political fuiih i
of our father* who does not sincerely desire the
renovation of the latter, and the restoration of the
oppressed masses to the rights and dignity ol' hu
man nature."
Now, sir. that i* out-spoken. There are no po- I
lilical right* here spoken of, there are no conventional
right* spoki ii of, there are no right* mentioned
which are spoken of hy the Constitution ;
hut the honorable Senator take* the higher, the
holier vii w and look* at the relation which man
*u*taiii* to hi* Maker and *peak* of lho*e right*
w hich have heen " conf? rrcd iiy < iod hut w rented
from many of the human family "hy man"
Now, sir, in all tin *e *entimenta I iiionI earnest,
ly. most cordially agree; and I do hope that, on
der no circumstances, uml in no etnt rgency. Mill
that honorable Senator, for whom 1 entertain the
mo*t profound respect and the greatest regard, under
noc ireutoM ince*. in no contingency, I hope,w ill
he i ver | ermit him*elf to turn to the right or the
left of the line which these sen'iliieut* most clearly
indicite And. sir, if lie will stand hy those
sentiments, irrspective id' all extraneous con*idration*:
i he will to-day throw hiui*e)l into the
scale and pledge hi < fortunes and hi* truth tothe
bUHtentation of those sentiment*, I confidently
predtc* that he shall pias'ure f??r himself n rrputa.
lion, with tho*e " unhorn million*." compared
wuh which hi* present reputation, high a* it is
shall fade aw iy into obscurity
Well, sir agreeing with the honorable Senator
in the j>rinciplih he hu* I.id down, and being
highly gratified at the manner in which they have i
heen avowed let uie ii*k what i' i* that the honoraide
Senator proposes to do? lie propose* "that
the t'"inviii111 eon Foreign isolations he instructed i
toiiopiire into the expediency of suspending di
pl< hi ite re 111 ion* with Austria I e infi a* I wish !
some othi r word h id la" n used th'-re, rather than |
tknteut) v tied jerry '' Jt .) ~ r.~t Z1 tllf !'.o
tin- gitai moral s> iieiuc expediency'
i-exactly the word 1 would riiherhaveintrodiicid
th word' propriety. (or necessity.'' or duty?.r
n i v. i r<i " f*j nuTi^jr " nun u nni
reputi'i ii I believe there in scircely another
wm i in worse odor with the American people
gent rally. iirtli'HM it in* the word " availuhilit v " I
' K?l f iifi rv ! In iiiktr words, " will it !? prof
i*utile ? .Shall *r gain iiiiyihit g \<y itAnd the
horn r.ili c Ncruitor goes <iii In t xpl aiti this by sayinjr
Hi it our commercial relations with Austria nit
* *' ?" 11njr 1 y small, amounting only ton few huri<1
n <1 t linusiii.il dollars; t linn making it clear to our
fellow-citizens <?f America that 11.ty r.n ftlfoiil n
p" o I ileal of indignation, utitl that it will coat tin ru
u very little sum. |Laughter j I w ishsoini-other
w 'T I Ii ul In en use I ? that this wuril ' expediency
had l e' ii left out . that the jui -.tion Inel heen
| Inci'il on the high grounds 01 nior ill ty no I { roprie.
ty :??. ! -lutjt ati'l |?.siiU;lj i/tbtrt avlutiiai is to Lt.
adopted, I in ij more to strike out the word "ex- i
pidiency ' Mi I inseit "moral ne.e- ity 'or "duly '
or something of that sort, which w ill show th.it
we are not cilealtfing a little too closely how this
ri-olulion will a fleet us in a commercial or other
point i f vii w Now sir I he obvious design of
the resolution is, that it should carry with
it a moral effect I'.ut I a-k you what will
l?e its effect ' There are the llungariaus now
soil, ring every deprivation which can befall |
them some or them, perhaps, in Turkey, and!
others s altered throughout the different Kuropean
States And suppose our minister goes ,
to them in their desolation and tin rely tills them
to - cheer up, to be of good courage, your cause is \
not without advocates. something is beingdone for |
yon , the sy inf athies of the world are lieitig moved j
iri your behalf anil the Senate of the American Ite- j
public sre eng iged moulting, this very day, how
much it will cost to exhibit a little indignation in
your behalf" |Laughter| 'I hat will lie the
point of view in which this matter will go to thctu,
GTON, 1). C.
if wre a I pt this res l ition and make this questi m
a questio. of "expel enry.*' I hope. sir. thut it
will not g i in that. shape. but that if thin resolution
is tii p rss, it will be put in a somewhat dill rent
Mr. Foote. I belicvp, M: Pro-id- nt. that tin'
general acceptation of the w rd "expediency' is
propriety ' or fitness mi! I he'.ieve it is so understood
wherever the Kqg' --h 1 uigus.c is know .1.
I see notiiing in this w u'l to make a question
Mr. 11.ale It in luy purpose t> go into 1
diction try e--nt-.?t with the honorable Sen, -r
from Mis.v-sippi for I know that he would I, it
ine tlu re, I Jo not po into ph lolngy . I f f. r the
plain schoolmaster meaning of the word .V.
what do we propose todo ' Wepmposi toenctour
selves into a hiplr court. Courts, sir, have v iri n
names, there are courts of low, courts 01 equity,
courts mir'tal, and court- of conciliation; and it
is now proposed to make us a high court of indignation,
and we are to arraign the nations of the
earth before us. and pronounce juUginent u|on
theui not only the judgment of the present day,
hut, in the words of the honorable Senator, we
are to anticipate the judgment of posterity. And
sir. wh ,t are the offences for which they are to be
arraigned an J put upon their trial ? They ,;re to
be arraigned, as we find in the honorable Senator's
speech : we are "to ribuke, by public opinion
expressed through an establishedGovt rnuient,
in the name of a great llepublic atrocious acts of
dispotism. by which human liberty and life hive
been sacrificed, under circumstances of audacious
contempt for the rights of mankind .that is wo
are to erect ourselves into a high cour*. and trv
the tt <iiwtiM of the earth for the various acts of
despotism by which human life and liberty ''have
been sacrificed " That i<:i most high and solemn
function It needs no spirit of prophecy to forc?
)>n> thehistorian of 1
the history of the events which are now transpiring,
he will begin his chapter w ith somethingdlkc ,
the foiTowing
>l At the commencement of this year, the
American Senate, the highest, the most n .jit. oiiiious,
the most bavin I people that ever IntJ or
ever w ill live, forg<tting and neglecting the petty
and local interests which concerned their owu
narrow limits, constituted themselves into a high
court, ami proceeded to try the nations of the
earth for various acts of despotism committed
under the most aggravated circumstances
Now, I would like that when the historian
commences that chapter he should continue to
the end. and that he would say ?
"They proceeded to try. not some little, insignificant,
subordinate power, that eost them very
little to deal with, but they took the Kniperi r of j
Russia, and first tried him "
And why should ihey not try him Why
should he not he the first who should be Called
upon to pluul to this indictment .' It w is the .
Ktupiror of Russia to whom it was said, "Sire, j
Austria lies at the feet of your Msj sty." It was ,
Russian power that drove the I lutigari in exiles
from their homes, that they might find hospitality j
in the mote enlightened and cultivated regions of j
M homedanisiu. It was thcOzirof Russia who
Turkish Sunui). nwvwr
Senator from M ass lchusctts w ell said, in defiance ,
of all international law. It was the Kmp'rorot
Russia who demanded that these exiles should U
given up.
An! now. sir. why should we. when we have ]
such a country as that to deal with, why do we
let it go. and undertake to try poor Austria Nir,
it is unbecoming the dignity of this high court,
and 1 shall not Consent to s t in judgment oil
Austria, till we have decided the cases of some
higher criminals. I | r pose to insert in this resolution
the name ol Rus i . . and when we have
Russia arraigned before the bar of this court,
1 do not propose to let him go simply for w h d he
has recently done in Hungary. I suppose, sir,
that in tin* mat lor there will he no statute of j
limitations. ami that we liny go huck into history,
and review the several nets of these despots, an )
call them to a Cull and satisf.nlory aceoiin! for all
the acts they h ive ilone in violation of the rights
of man. I want to try the Kniperor of Ru-i-ia for
nets done long ago I want him to account for the 1
exile-sent toSiberii an I the regions of perpetual I
ice. Ami then, sir. there is (mother count in the '
indictment before we proceed with Austria; I j
want to trv him for his agency in the triple partition
of Poland. When we have done this, we
shall have shown that we are not intluenoed by
any weak or cowardly motives, but that we are
proceeding in a manner worthy of the siibpet.
Then, sir. afu r we have tried and passed sentence
upon Russia. 1 think we ought to arraign
the " Sea-girt Isle," and try Kngl and, and bring
her to account for thcuiunncr in which-he treated
Smith O'Brien ami Mitchell and others I want
our sympathies to be exhibited in favor of Knglish
ami lri-li patriots who have sutVered, ev'n under
i the comj .ratively free (! >veriinient of CJrent
I Britain And, tir, while we try her fir the e
matters. 1 hope she will also be called upon to
answer for the manner in which Algernon Sidney
| was put to death 11 . (lighter | And then, sir, I
i want to go to Ireland, and I want to call Kngl ami
to answer for centuries of oppression and misi
government there I want to know why it is that
that country, as fair and as fruitful as any the
! sun ever shone upon designed hy the Almighty
for one of the most bounteous and beauteous
abodes of man ! want to know why it is that,
under Tlntlsh rule, it has been turned into one
great field of famine and of blood? And if the
account is n I black enough when that portion of
it is settled, I want to go to India, ami try England
for the oppressions, and the cruelties, and
the wars she has carried on there ; and thus, sir,
I trust that we shall not he intluenced hy any
narrow views of policy in this matter, but that wc
will try them all faithfully, truly, impartially,
and administer our judgment ami our censure
with that degree of severity which their scvcrul
demerits may seem to rei|iiire.
Then, sir, after we have got through Russia
ami Knglaml I wml the docket to he called and
France l<> answer. I want her to hold up her
hand and plead to the indictment; I want her to
tell the Senate and the country, and the world,
why it is. with the high and holy profcasions of
liberty, fraternity, and equality, upon their lip*,
they have sent their army into the Interna) City,
and stricken down the cause of repuhlican liberty
there. This is of <|iiite as recent origin as the
affairs of Hungary. It is within the memory of
the youngeat in.ill who heara me, that France has
Hint an army into Spain, mid, hy mean* of the
sword and the bayonet, has stricken down constitutional
liberty in that devoted country. I want.
Iter tri< d lor that If it is not enough, I want to
go to Africa . for the sentiments which are given
by the honorable Senator from Michigan arc wide
enough to embrace all the victims of oppression,
and every variety of complexion. I want to go
to Algiers, and I want to inquire how France has
behaved there If the public presa lias not belied
her, she Iris perpetrated barbarities and crue lties
upon the Algerians,compared with which all that
Austria his done to Hungary is tender mercy.
While the court is in session, and the nations ur
called, (for by this lime it must he very well know n
over the world what we are about,) I want to try
Spain, sir, tor if my memory serves me rightly
her sea Holds have In en stained with the blood of the
martyrs of liberty, and that not many years ago
Hot sir, let us proceed fairly and impartially in
all this work, l.ct us show that we are in earnest
and that we do not intend to manifest our
indignation only where there will he no power of
resentment, and where it will not be likely t >
cost anything In this mutter, sir, let me say
again ili it ill'* language < f the honorable Senator
from Michigan will serve me for a text in all
po-sibility during the rest of my life I do not
know when I have received so much Instruction
ami pleasure irorn :i single spitm. n?
' I .ci nut i In' i iini<l he ? In, for in ficc inquiry
(In if in no <1 uiger 'I luil in ilif ?? ry doctrine I
ImVf hi * ii | n milling nil my liff hut it umiild
h-ivt If f>i fanatic mm tioin my tie nth at this limf
I am glad 'lii? ii Ii hi hfffi hajiliifl hy the grcut
leader of I mo*racy, himI I shall now have no
IV ir of Iipg < illi'iJ i l ui i'ic.
A'l< r w' have gone through with nil thin, after
?r have tri11 all the mitioiih of ('lirislendout ami
passed judgment u) <>ii t lie in, ami t hey lie w rlthiig
ill agony ami liiortiflf-itioii at iiir feet, what next '
m to he iloiie ! The honorable Senator from
Michigan Kays 1 I claim for onr country nocxeiii|itiun
from tin* decreea of these high tribunals
, ami when we are guiliy of a tithe of the
oppr"siion ami cruelty whiih have fniule the Aontriun
inline a name of reproach through tinworld
I hope we shall reieive, as we shall well
mi rit. the opprobrium ol mankind.'
Well tin n let ug come down for the honorsl?le
Senator h-u laid J'ritle ia h ind, and power
tenacious'' 1 suppose, aflei we have sal so long
in Judgment, and tried no to ioy of the nation*
our ('i i le ia likely to he a little blind and we shall
he ii little more t< naeioilH of our pow er liul I
pr poi-ethat laT>re we cuter upon this griat business
of pin,hing judgment upon all the nati ns of
the earth we should ourselves comedown from f
thin high place and Mtand tip before the lair, and '
plead mil eel ven. Til" honorable Senator intends [
that | heljeve I understand he intend* to claim
no exemption lor our country ! have some ib
sire to know who hall fry iin We will not consent
to be tried by th"'-e nations whom we have ;
degraded, bemuse they are not our peer* i
Well. sir. according to my opinion it would be
no degrm! it loll to UN if we would eoiiNenl to be
tried tiy that Cower which the honorable Senator
from Michigan aaid baa proved hiuuelf a
belter Christian than aume who bear the < Ihrislisn
name. Suppose the Sultan of Turkey should
pro|tone to constitute a high court of moral indignation
there, and cull lotion " the moilel republic '
to (Hiuie down from the bench, andntuml up before t
t he judgment seat and be tried 1 do not know, I
sir. how w.il nopi tin el the Sull?" of Turkey is
with what i? (ti.ii.it in in this model republic,"
and iu this ot|>it .1. l-ut I will suppose that by
cbutire the N Pan h '-pen h newspaper, printed
within a lev i, iles of this city, whilst this session
bus b mi p ug en I lo not know whether the
Suit in of Turkey may huso seen th.it paper,
which I hate ri id. wher.in entire i? piven that,
w it hill the e .pita) of the iiu <1.1 rrpuhlic." Washington?
within eight of the t'.ip of liberty that
Holt* in the breeze over our he ids?in this city,
honor I by th n mte and consecrated tothe memory
of the r.tther of his Country?within sight
of this Capitol. almost within the sound of our
?oi iv n advertisement notifying the world that
men tnd w emen are to be L.night, and men to be
kept lit twenty-five cents a-hcad until they are
... i.~ i ... .. I l~
not kn<>w but ho uiay have seen th:tt I will supI'O'-o,
(.nil it uny not bo doing grout violence to
the Sultan to sup|K>fo._he bus soon this advertisetnont
and road the speech of the Senator of Michigin.
aud that ho has those two documents before
hiin at once, and ho resolves to call this Uoj ublie
to trial. I do not know w hat his judgment would
be. but I fear he would come to the conclusion
that it was inconsistent with the enlightened civilization
of Mabntiu danism . that the true disciples
of Allah and the Prophet should not be contaminated
by diplomatic intercourse with a people
where tbe image of God and tho brother of
man w as bought and sold like beasts in the market
. and I apprehend that he would denounce
it. and pronounce his sentence of condemnation
and I am by no moans sure that when he appeals
to tho judgmrut of tho world and posterity
to justify him in the position he has takeD.
that heaven and earth would not say that, grievous
as are the wrongs of Austria, and righteon*
.? i- the indignation fulminated against her,
' u dust with the naViVwt,
you have condemned, and give credit to the antiouu
oiio'iii of the honorable Senator from Michigan.
and admit that the Turk has shown himself
not only a beiter Christian, but a better rcpubli- j
nn than some that bear tbe Christian name.
I rejoice to have lived to see this day ; I rijoicc
to have heard the sentiments which the honorable j
Senator fiom Michigan has proclamed?proclsmed
without limitation. I have been bo much in 1
the habit of hearing of the compromises of the i
Constitution and political rights, that 1 declare it
was like water from a living spring to see that
honorable Senator get up and before the Senate
and the World speak of Libe ty as a God-given
right, and the oppression which wrests it from
him as a wrong that is to be rebuked Sir, I will
go with tbe Senator; I will go for uttering the
loudest tones of disapprobation against oppression
in every form and every shape, and in favor ot
syuip .thy for tbe oppressed, be they ever so low.
or ever ->o humble.
Having given utterance to these sentiments, I \
leave the subject with the Senate. I trust it will
not be dropped here. It is a subject fruitful in
suggestions ; it is n subject full of instruction
l.et us be careful, sir let us be careful, the titne
for prudential coin-i deration bus not altogether
gone by It seems to me that the honorable Sen- i
ator from Michigan nas not been so long in this
sehnol its I have, or he might have learned that
iin ir is uangcr 10 Kline oi our iiuuhutiouh in mo i
promulgation of the sentiments he 1ms uttered
When I speak of our institutions. I do not speak
of slavery. ns it exists In any shive State of this
I'ni ui I sjienk of the si avery of New Hampshire,
of Ohio, of Mhssik husetts, and our free States,
from the commencement of the Federal Govern- |
ment to the present time. Sir, it is our iustitu- !
tiou, and it is our glory ns well ns our shntne
Gentlemen of the South h ive no right to appro- j
jui.ite it to t hctnselvcs. No, sir, whatever of re- I
proneh. whatever of honor, there is belonging to |
this favored institution, I claim n part of it as :
ours. It is ours It is by our votes it has been !
sustained . it is by our forbearance it exists . and
we are responsible. Let me then caution the
honorable .Senator to be careful that he does not
unloose some of the obligations which bind us to |
the institution, and the institution to us. by the
utterance of such sentiments of liberty, in such
broad, gcricr.il, and uio|unlified terms.
| Mr. Clay followed in opposition to the resolution
Ilia rentalks were delivered with much
grace, and were listened to with profound intention.
The exordium of his speech contained a
most gentle insinuation, which with the signifli
ounce of the simile and tone which accompanied
it, provoked a burst of merriment in the Chamj
The honorable Senator from Michigan (he
siid) was pleased to express, in very confident
language, his expt elation of my sup| ort upon this
I occasion lie expressed in still stronger language
! his confident anticipation of the support of the
American People, and he will excuse me for say
in(? t iiat. t here being these t wo so urn s of gratifies;
lion to him, I think th In/hi inll he lulm'tnl to ><
1 much until ii?riii.hli to hit/t thou th' /o///e much
\ more agreeable than the gratification to be afforded
by any aid or assistance that I could render
I in the passage of the resolution that lie has proposed.
iioi m: uk it i rit tftKYr.vm i v
The House was occupied w ith efforts to elect a
Clerk Five dials were made without success
On the first, third, and fifth, '' ?'() votes wire cast,
and J W Forney received 107, lot!, 107. On the
other, VI !> voles were cast, and he received on each
l()i?. The Whigs adhered to Mr. Campbell till
on the third trial lie received 1OV? votes, his highest
number. On the fourth, he fell to 7-', and on
the Ath to I t. Solomon Footc receiving on this
last trial 01 votes
Mr Forney received the whole democratic vote
present, with the exception of Mr llingham of
Michigan, who steadily votol for Mr. French
Messrs (llcvelund, I loot h. Duty, and Peck, who
hu<I refused to support Mr Cobb, have tiniforrnly
voted for Mr Forney; the Free Democrat* gcattered
tlieir vote* on i'hilleo, Foots, Sargent, and
Alter the tlfth trial, the I louse adjourned.
Lush root., lht'tnb<r 1is lit.
The tone of the corn market in firmer, with a I
Htcady and moderate demand On the I lih there
w 11 h a lair extent of husincs* done, at full price*
upon all article* Several parcel* of Indian corn
have hern purchased for Ireland. Latterly, price*
have improved l.v a I t.'57 per -ISO lh*. with le**
disposition on the pait of holder* to sell White
is worth V'.K a 'UK, and yellow, '.'Hi a (17
For superior American there i* a good demand,
at 'fit, U l a Vie For sweet Canadian, V'J.v. (17. a
.' It. WfHtorn inferior and new We*tern nlmoHt
onsaleahle. Philadelphia and llaltimore, VI?. a
in/ Ohio. V.'v per barrel. Wheat, <tr (17. a
Ut. '.hi. per 7<i pound*, willi rather more inquiry.
Indian corn meal I I
There hi* been a belter demand for some doscript
ions of A nurican provisions, without imparting
a firmer tone to prices. The following are the
Urn mi Middling and low qualities of short
middles have t een inquired for, and sales made
ai 'K a '/v fair is not in demand at tit |*o the
wires say | We quote Faslem III VH.? a
Western v<>* a ." >> Niw Irish can he had here
at I 'i
/<' </ There have been few oriiosiilisof old,
and | rlees nrr almost nominal. The arrivals ol
i i w are about I (illtl tierces, of which HO sales are
r ported The quality is veiy varied und inueh
e uiplained of
I'nili I lol lei s are anxious to dear stocks, hut I
i it . ... . i.. 11 ,.r ... L. :>i I
mi! change in j ri -e l?l?*rn lire in rrtuil dcii..hi
> 11as heen in f:iir riijueHf, considerable
?iTcn have In en made itt l .'?. tor fine, 'Hit. u .'IHi
f<>r n.i.l'ilinir itn? a sL fur fair, uti'l Va
fur T'linnry un I low qualities
There is u slight advance i '!S'i pnck*
were offered al suction on the llth of which
loo iiiii- ? hi at I'll Hit., itii'I the remainder withilraw
n nt ' ii I-' A good huhiucss might he done
at it ally III ri ilui'liotl.
Tn I In ii A moderate relnil business continues
to he ilolie in Petersburg V. (', iii "fav 11/ , the
f i not at I'll, n of last week hIiow American sold more
freely al auction on Wednesday, al an advance of
it a i.it | i-r ewt viz at ,'i It Hit a it??. Hit
thl I .it t If Ii H heeli passing ill I'allli illiring
the week 'I he sales are confined to email parcels
it I I a L .'! according to quality '<?* to .'WO
ton h iV. l.ei ii hoIiI to arrive at .1 Hi MM a t'JI
I.< r I iiii lie -1lei in ti-.li oil hive heen on a limit
f I m ale . L ."i IHi. a i. ?".i |.i r tun i? asked fur pale ,
-eat Mii-I J "i Ho for co<l. No change in the price
nt olive ??ijit-)i continue* to he hehl firmly at ti If> (
a X l'i 10 fir ' i.illij.oli, aii'l til'.' Ml' a t I't for J
//</,. No rlmngc In price A small ainouut
of hnainei h i* l.een ilone at :i!m < -/. for Montrealputs
and I'' Hit fur pearls
II,in,itThe deiii'iii'l ii without chalice in
. (hi A few tuiii thick round Ameiiean
Mild at to Mti and OKI l inks thin oblong Hl J-'1'
I'm IM.uie made is In filr request at i'7 < per
Wnut There is considerable activity in the
wool trade. The public Males iu London, to close
on the I.oh have heen well attended. ("imp*red
wiili prices at former sales an advance of 1 </. a
has heen obtained Stocks light?prices firm
Imports exceedingly light
Tubacio.? The stock of to'iucco on haud is 110
hogshead*. In prices no alteration holders not
feeling disposed to listen to nythlng lower than
the (flotations current at the beginning of the
f', The Ivlitor of the )/ \'j.rii owes in
subscriptions for the <1 lay ii f?r.v ii 1 a/ the
buck number*. It bis been oscreicnel by the 1H
necessity of using a second eli'ion of the first '
nuinlo-r. Il.iek number- hiv<- t -n i ?,?
all. And there is still an icni'le s.ipi-;v t r future Q
subscribers S
Tkr H
la lb-- Senate jn at ha 11 j|
Vermont aa lha 8k 11
* r. Qaaatioi gave < . a for lha iaaiaai .i
display of chivalry. Mr. Yulee, the refined .Senator
lr >'n the w ill-bred > ute I i 1 i i l i |
to the printing of theui, because they were m?mamfrly.
Mr. Mason of Virginii give notice
of a dissolution of the l uion if their sentiments
should prevail. Mr Rusk moved to lay the motion
to print on the tabic but only t ight or ten
votel for this summary disposition of a S.>
Mr 11 ile thought the South* ru gentlemen
were unueoassarily al.rated, as the resolutions
were intended only for home consumption, and
contained very little resolution in theiu Mr
PicIpsW.d to Heaven that the disco--ion an I
agitation were en?l< I lie i,i.? 1 hi | -?t hi
aa being against interfere net with lh< doa 1
institutions of the States and in f.v r of the
right of Congress to Kg>-iu, till. TcitUuti.
Mr. Chase intimated his intention to sfs-.ik,
and the resolutions went over till the neit day.
Mr. Foote theu addressed the Senate on the
resolution cl tieneral Cass.
In the House, three trials were made to elect a
Clerk without success? Forney tilling troin 1UG
to H I - Koote rising to HI. then t illing to V I i
A motion to postpone till next September w m
lost, after which the Mouse adjourned.
The Washington Uuien of IVusdiy morning
contained an editorial proving .Mr. Foots in
favor of the Right of 1'etition and l-'rcc Soil, and
therefore unfit to receive South* i u support, thus
making Free Soil and the Right of Petition the
issue between the two c.indol titForney iiol ^
v ...o il: - ... :.i.i:.._ ?i. I
nvi n iiti^Kiiiuin^ i?u^ ?uuin nininiiiiiu^ *%M . 4
l-'ormy is notorious lor hi-< hitter proscription of
{'rti'-SoiUVm i??r? rrw' ** >. mct> Messrs Tftoom
nnd Cleveland, Doty and I'eck, who had refused
lo support Cohh tor Spor.krr. vnttd uniformly for
Forney.thus Joiner nil I hey could to jjivo complete
ascendency to the Principle of .slavery Ktlouwhm
in the organisation of the Hon e
W hut next I
On the''7th December. Is to, hy the Itov. roil I
Littleton ! '. Morgan, Si in ii A I'mi.ii to
Cakoi.ink Nakaii. youngest daughter of Mre 1
Auue Planehard,-till of thin city.
oiiitl tin. I
Departed this life on the 11h of November,
IM'.t, :it Hilt land. Ohio, Mrs. Aiiihaii. (.'mask,
aged 7'-' years. Mis this'Wis horn in (*iliiimi
ton, New Hampshire, in the year 17'.! She
moved with her parents to the Suite of Maine, in
| curly life. There she married Mr Ahel flume,
and continued to live until they, with their family,
removed to the State 01 Ohio, in the autumn
of 1M7.
For tunny yt'tirf. hi r htmlminl ntnl herself have J
been the ntwiiifitht. frit-ml* hii<I renlous iiilvorntm
of tlie trovhli'ii-iiuun fugitive clave
Mr* t'hn-e whh a ilevotnl Christian. ittnl ilietl
without :i groan or it n'rugglc, ill the bright ho|m
of it ghuioiiH iininortulily.
Slu- bus left n large family of chililren. grumlchililren.
ntnl frit-mis, iih well iih herugml coui|ianion,
to mourn her Iom?
" Messed are tin- ilea.I who die in the Lord
I and their world* do fullov- them'' '
| llutlmul, /J<r> m/mi I. IM'J. i
(IONTKN'1'.N HI Nu ."i'i. ? 1'ihe, incite >ml a half
J ornt n.
I Methodism ill Wales(Jliurh /y It'll rir '
'i Miirv of ? I utility. I h.qder Hi* ? Shwjir'* Munuwr
I Cost li nun Hi* Memoir nf Myself ? 'I'ht lulr llwiuf
I I'll* I'lietirul Hint fine Work* of I lulled ^prapur?
Hoihm Pott.
designation. I lie Pent I tiiM Itlie S.tllil Ml.re I lie
(Hit I'ew.
MIOK I Alt I'll I.I- s. |
Ki angelic il Melodies. Queen Klliabcth's llulr.ft New
A New S est ail'I u Ni w \ ulilliie li.it e just coin
Washington. Dicrvtbtr '21, IH15.
Of all llie Periodical Journals detit-d Li. literature and
science, which aliuiiiul In I-uru|>e .ml In Oils country, llu*
lias appeared to Ine tu l.e tlie most useful If inn.Ihiiis In
iK-el tlie at position only ut tlie current literature nl ti e
knglish language; tint Hits, t.y lis liuim-n e extent nil
comprehension. includss a port rati ure ot tlie human ml ml in
the III limit eipausti u ut the prcat lit age
t'ublisheil weekly, at six dollars a year, by
k. I I I IH I ft CO ,
t urner uf Trcmont ami Uruiullebl streets, I'mslon.
oar ?r sate liy JOSKPH Mil I I I NO ION, corner of
Four and a-half street ami I'ennsy Ivauia aveuue, Washing
rm.AlONAIt \ HI>M Atl'IION
HAS until a Itlilri a lew yeurs l.eeii generally ciiliKiilere.1
/.V 7 '// I III.K, alih uigh many iiieilleal men if the
highest standing, among whom we unitlit mei.tloii l.aeliliec
ami Ills friend Itaele. both distinguished suite rs admit thai
this luui li dreadeil ilisvaie may be cured, ereu in lis ail van
el alaijei, when the lungs are not cot*) lets ly disorganised.
The reiueiny which ?e ima oil, r,
not only emanates from a regular physician, but has been
well tested In all eum|,luluta for which it Is rtcommended
A physician in Mains says:
" I have recommended tlie me of Hr Wlatar's liub.uu of
Wild I berry for diseases of the longs, f r two years |.aet ;
and inaiiy bottles, to my knowledge, I,ate been used by my
lialleiils, all with bet'clir al results In two cases, wliere it
was thought Confirmed consumption bad taken place, the
Willi herry eltccted a cure. '
/'i oin Ihr Ho'ton llmlij llrr, Mui'h '-'H, |s|!(.
" Are yon hfitii*fed with thl* rtf#annoy %we, f
ri?l of if Vou have <?nly to \> r?* a Im?I(I** of t?r Wi? ut h
I i <i I mm i ii ??f WHil < herry, t? I inure ill in result It mi* Id um
full*, when taken in nearon, to < fleet a < ur*. and nlwa)* i>
iivyee t*veil fli ? worid eaee* of dlaeafted lung*. Many jhyM
rl.HiH reooimnend it to their (Ifkullt and r.|>eak of It hi (hi*
highe*! (frill? III kit cm to the. *#We eitawf* rn*r* ol
1*1111 h alii-rn other mean* had failed."
Kor n ile wholesale and retail l?y the fienetul Agent,SI*Til
W I' DVV I.I*., l.'th Wellington el rw', MkmIi n, INla^e . atol hy
IiIn nii b ii jfe lit a t hroiighont the itoititt ry.
for ml? hy H S PATTkKHON, Washington, |i. f , and
l>rng./lNfii generally, every *her?* tan III.
i irrni s i \ isa \ui.
(H)NTLNTN III No. 'it*!.? I'rict), twi'lvc and a halt
J iMMite,
I Jaeiniii, the Ireiich liarher Pot?If \ %hni,.%lev /?'/
i Ikrnard Marlon'* Poenn and l.eItem.? fit oZ/rmnn't
:? iV|of? Private f ?.rr?'ej; ?i.d?nr? ?*f tiaorga III ? limlitu'%
MifrM'fPff '
1 Maiden ani Married Life ol Mafy Puwult MM ion? ok.nrluded.
A Man e Power oyer ' iiu*? lf to Prevent or I oiitrol Iitaaiity
? (irnhtnuiti'% Mo/Ml thf. _
h A Word or I wo on port Wti?e ? fVe*ltnit/ *tn Uerieir.
7. P<aiiiN hy Ji'liii h Suae? Arm YwA lieorJei.
N I : I li of " I' ather Miller Huston Alios
'J A Sen e of I lie llilioe Preaene*' ? f'liiyliuft (tfisrii *'
Hi III* Scaaide and the h ireanh- Home Journal
I; >*A New Yr<rand a New Volumr luft Juat eoimuenced
PuhliakeJ weekly, at ail dollar* a year, I v
^ f. LIT I'tiM. AIM, I (oat on
|*..r ?ulr l> v lOSKI'll Ml I III NUTON, r inn r of l our
ami ? hull atr***t m l I'ltaiiay I ratlin avilllr
\OKNTS wanlail, t<? ir?rrl in rvrry * unity in Oliiw, t. m
i Main *|.|lli'nli i,a fur Imuran**- in tin- Nt I.oiim .'
Mutual liimiimim < <iiu|>?i>y, IV.l.n-I.nrir N S fni.r
prUtim, aUOr y<.iiiij iii*.ii chii milk*- m?i<l mwi** fi>>ii* 1)1*
cum H* I xiiiuli I'Hil lull.*. I >H||IU||) Nat lain* t ry n1.1. Ill > *.
ml bolnli will In. r*-.|Iilr. .t A.I.U?*? ,h.U y~*oi?
II 1 IIKA1 ION, (Jmrral A ami
Jan. 10? 3* (.'Irri-lalil, Ohio.
Kliltlt ItCllKirrA NIWAPIPI- II.
'IMIK I lilt I > I'i AN I I'l/.l. N K ilni HurriH, I'r i n'l r
1 ?lit?ra?l)ll)**t I In r r *t i , Tlioman l'r*w jr t ^ **tr I ?r
i-i.r?l*iii iirrK|Miiii|rtiiii?Kiiniiiini hrjr, Lui-iinu, J I* >yuit,
Kiliiilmrifli; I rural l.acah, I'mI
lii* N* Vaiitli Vol* una of lliu laryr ami ) | uI tr family '
N. *-|..i|.<.r ? in( * 'I.*-*1 i.ii i|i?* liial ill Janury I " ll. 'I trII a
mi*, ij .liar an I (illy rrnla j.i-r milium, Invariably In a.li an. r.
I*onr Do|ll?? l?r It**- 'lobar* I
I Ii*. I It Urn la I In* i rK'in of no I arty nr nvl, !>nt
firrly ill* amiiiii*tiita* uf ila a*Jit*.ia u|ioi* all llir ar><( r*
f.-rmaloiy uraimna of II.r .lav Syin|>allila ink w I'hall 'In*
real rnliri rUra of liliriatlan briitVi li m r II *|i*-ak* a lit ut
all war in Ilia a|iirit uf |ira**r It ayraka t .r ika *l??a, aa a
l.ruili* r I... iii.l, ami for ika alnlii .hi of all inatliutioaa anil
curl .in* wliicl, .In nut rtaj act Ilia Imayaof li*.l an I a ktiuniu
hrutlia , In artry mail, uf whatarar ulnar, color, ur eun<|liii n .
uf humanity All orli-ra ibooM ! ? jm il, ami iilrt* KU
to tlllirr of I l*a Ktlllura at Wumatrr, MaaiacLiutlla
Jan I-?..|t V <
?)A rKNT AUKNCV -All watura aunnacoJ wltb Ika
i Kaiaut nan, I'rawiiiya Nyauihratloni, Aa., Mi*nt* tl/
ami promptly praparad ami aliamird t,j.
AUK '? M. A. PhLUM, Waabia^iun U. I.
Ik -t

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