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theT National ii
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O. BAILEY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR; JOHN G. WHITTIER, CORRESPONDING EDITOR.
VOL.IW?NO. 8. WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 21. 1850. WHOLE NO. 10 1,
The NnlUnni Km U rationed W?kif, M Kt?U |
Strict, apposite Odd Erllevra' Hall.
TKRIM.
Two dollars per annum, payable t* advance.
Advertisements not exceeding ten linea inserted
three times for one dollar; every subsequent insertion
twenty-five cents.
All communioations to the Era, whether on
business of the paper or for publication, should
be addressed to G. Bailkv, Washing on, D. C.
BUKI.L a BLANCHAID, PRINTERS.
THE NATIONAL ERA.
WASHINGTON, FEBRUARY 18, 1850.
LITERARY NOTICES.
Ninocla* Kivslatiova, KxPLANAVtemt, tie, of the
rounnmiiuti with Spirit* In Western New York. Elan
A Rockwell, Auburn. lft<0. Pp. 81.
It is interesting to observe that all recorded intelligence
from the ppirituul world takes the
"otartng of the opiuicm of the time. Cases which 1
occur to us by way of contrast, are those of Karl
Martel the Frank, of a scornful Frisian chief
who refused baptism, and of Hamlet's father?all
of whom were seen or heard of in chains and fire.
We esteem it fortunate for the departed spirits
of the present day, that they live in an ?ge when
such horrors as these are obsolete. Their revelations
do not shock one at all, and are at best
mildly exciting to a rational curiosity. Their
general views are those of Swedenborg and the
Poughkeepsie Seer. The present account is more
curious and circumstantial than any that we remember
to have seen.
1. Thr Watch Cms Manual. By Joel Shaw, M. D.
2. Thr Phyaioi.o?v or Digestion. By Andrew Combe,
M. D. 10th edifioR.
3. Sherwood's Manual for Magnetizing. Fowler A Wells,
New York. 1W9.
There has seemed to us something morbidly
subjective or introspective (reminding one of Carlyle's
" navel-aaints,n) in many of tin popular
treatises on physiology. The days are past when
,, ti|tlivua liiilt CWtiii itTti m hUSUIU.' Sgtt. " ?.
that he " had a system." To such as will follow
this line of investigation, we strenuoasly recommend
the Water Cure Manual. The element it
deals in is less likely to do mischuf than any
other; and, in happy unconsciousness ourselves
of any subjective medical experiments, we are apt
to think, that between the jolly title-page of this
" Manual," and its still more cheerful contents,
backed by a fair share of Becond-hand knowledge
of our own, we should betake ourselves to hydropathy
for deliverance from almost any of* the severer
" natural shocks that flesh is heir to."
Dr. Combe's Treatise, tenth edition, needs no
recommendation from us, save to state its price
which is twenty-five cents.
That the relations subsisting between electrical
foroes and the human organization, will eventually
affect the practice of the healing art, there
Beems little reason to doubt. The present is
veritable '' Manual," or medical and clinioul
library in small, based on that idea. We are of
course incompetent to pronounce on its merits,
and only hope its apparent method and facility
may not work mischief in the hands of bunglers.
1 Thb Pkoplb's and Howitt's Journal. i-cnJon. November,
1849, an<l January, I860 Boston. C'ru*by A.
N tchoU.
2. Tm? raiconaaa' fhirno. KJItet by i'harlea Spear.
Boston, February, ISoO.
3. Tun Hiblh Alliamcs. By T. H. Stockton. No. 1.
Cincinnati, January, 1330.
W e are glad to record these signs of the intellectual,
moral, and religious movement, going on
among the People. It seems to be generally confessed
that the Anglo-Saxon race wants taming;
and here are three voices to that effect from three
of its centres of thought. The first is full, busy,
and various as ever, evidently a great vehicle of
communication among the English people, and
interesting to auoh as have time and eyes for it,
here, as perhaps the best record of the popular
mind abroad.
Mr. Spear's neat magazine continues faithful
and zealous as ever in behalf of the cause he has
espoused. The Bible Alliance is a sermon of
real merit, by a man who, it would appear,
considers the alliance of the pulpit, pen, and
press, as better suited to his purpose than an ordinary
church organization. Ilis design is to
print and circulate his discourses once a week,
after delivery. The devout and humane spirit is
worthy of all commendation ; and we cannot but
thiuk there are many Christian congregations
liberal enough to give Mr. Stockton a hearty welcome.
*
La-h Lri.ions in Landscapb. Itjr K. N. Otis. Two parts,
of sixteen lessons eaeh.
Only a teacher of drawing can decide as to the
respective merits of the many rival cheap systems
of instruction before the public. A glance
at this shows it to cover the space between broken ,
lines and a pretty, pleasing, sketchy landscape. ;
Anything must be of -service, that serves to train (
a child's eye and hand?this perhaps as much as (
another. \ *
Dark N< bnks op History, fly U. P. Jauies. Harpers.
i<m
We have been a little doubtful whether to rank
this with historical romances or genuine histories.
We are inclined to think the latter, with just
rnongh of the romancer's art as to restore the
drumallc liveliness of the earliest historians.
Thus extremes meet. The eight passages that
compose it, embracing the Templars, Albigenses,
Wallcnstein, and Herod the Great, are among
the most attractive in history; and we anticijuiti
it?for we do not pretend to have read it yet, except
editorially?among the pleasantest of our
historical reading, when we presently have occasion
for it. We are surprised to see how little
the "fatal facility-' of so facile a writer as James
has detracted from the apparently industrious
and faithful study of those historioal details ao
essential in such a narrotivt. It is these (in the
original tonguer) which make Michelet's France,
notes and all, the best history extant, to oar notion
, and it will be a very interesting process to
set his by the side of the corresponding chapters
of Junes. In this respect, the present volume compares
most favorably with that slimmest specimen
of historical romance, James's " Attila and approaches
the magnificent chapters of Bulwer, the
greatest master in that line, and the hardeet
working man. We speak of bis later work*
nch especially as " Harold." For sale at Franc*
Taylor's, Washington. t
Thi Still mil Ths tiiTx; w, Though** upon Sp?e?,
Tlm?, and Kt<rnilf. With t 14 Kxi'.immmiiatory Ijtltr"
fnxa Thorn** 1IUL Seoond Amartcut KdlUoa. Croaby
* Nichols, Boston. 1HML Pp. 88.
We tbink the merit of this little pamphlet,
which we hot* read carefully, is prodigally overrated
in the notices prefixed. With the exoeplion
of its transcendental speculations, which are
specimens of the moot wilful verbal legerdemain
we know of, it furnishes a very agreeable and
suggestive hour's reading for one whose attention
has not been very much given to the subject of
whioh it treats. As to the preeision which some
think it gives to our conception of suoh ultimate
ideas a* spsce snd time, it will prove by a little
attention to be thinner than the substance of a
1 shade. In ingenuity of oonception and accuracy
I of statement we think It v#ry inferior to Mr
^ Hill's own little book on Geometry and Feith.
I The general train of thought is highly intereetI
iag, aa showing how, from Uu constitution of ths
I
liutmui mind, every access of scientific knowledge,
onc?- grown familiar, must need* be pressed into
the service of religion, and hare a religious signification
put upon it. Herein it ranks, in a
humble way, with such books aa Vestiges of Creation.
and the Ninth Bridgewater Treatise. For
sale by Franck Taylor, Pennsylvania avenue,
Washington. *
History or Willum thb Cosaiaaoa. By Jacob Abbott.
Harper*.
The public, the final judge, has pronounced
quite emphatically in fhvor of this felicitous plan
of Mr. Abbott's, of depicting eminent men and
times in agreeable popular narratives. They succeed
each other too fast to have any higher literary
claim. With neat typography and eugravings,
and blazoned title-page, they make a very
pleasant addition to our current uhrrr*ptionable
popular literature. For sale at Franck Taylor's,
Washington. *
(COPT-aiOIIV SSCCRKD )
TfHi MCTKEiWN-UW.
ASTOKY OF THE ISLAND ESTATE.
BY MRS. KMMa D. E. SOUTH WORTH.
XIX.
THK BRIDAL
Bring flowers, fresh flowers, for the bride to wear !
They ere born to blush iu her shluing hair,
.She is tearing the home of her childhood's mirth,
S'he hath l?ld farewell to her father'* hearth,
Her place ie now by another'* side ?
Bring flowers for the brow of the fair young bride
J/emant.
But there were no flowers in bloom on the wed
ding day of our bride. The pale brow of Louise
was indeed crowned with white roses, but they
were lifeless, scentless, artificial?lifeless as the
chilled heart of the bride?false ns the courtesy
of her mother?artificial as the forced smile with
which Susan Somertille accepted her post of
bridesmaid to the youngest, fairest, and wealthiest
bride that had appeared in the county for the last
(quarter of a century?or since the marriage of
Margaret Stuart-Gordon, the sole heiress of the
Island Estate, the almost fahvlop* splendor of
whose bridal is still a tradition of glory in the
neighborhood, and which it was Mrs. Armstrong's
ambition to supersede and eclipse with superior
magnificence. Hating but one daugL'er to
marry off?one who was about to be wedded
to the most wealthy man in the State?and
hating ample means, Mrs. Armstrong felt the
propriety of spari^ no expense ; and she spared
none. Eterything that ingenuity could intent,
taste detise, luxury desire, or money purchase,
was procured?eterything but M Fresh flowers for
the bride to wear." There were no Bowers alive
on the day of Louise Armstrong's marriage. The
roses had been dead for months?the rose-bushes,
stripped of their leaves, stuck up, stiff and stark,
us skeletons from the ground. Even the lilies and
the tulips were long ago in their graves.
And what a day it ivas f that 22J of February,
18-1
" The Devil is doing all he can to dramatize the
four elements " cursed and swore Hrutus Lipn^
who at lour o'clock in the morning had jumped
out of bed, with a bound that shook the house?
yes, and the rocks on which the house was founded,
too?and had dashed open the window blinds
with a blow of his list, to look out upon the
weather. *
1 What is tl.j natter V ahruUd his sister Xiom
the next room. /
"Matter! matter!" thundered Brutus; "no
hunting again to-day, Ger! What will we do
with ourselves, you and I V'
"Start a stag! / don't mind the weather ! I la !
ha! you are growing effeminate, Brutus!" and
Gertrude, with a shout of laughter, broke into
the room half dresaed, while Brutus was drawing
on his pantaloons. " I should like to seo the
weather that would keep w in doors. I shall
huntsaid the giantess, shaking loose her cataract
of rolling yellow hair.
"Hunt rehat, on such a devil of a day ! Satan
would not hunt a soul to-day !"
" I shall, nevertheless. Let the weather Jo its
worst. Lord! Brutus, I defy the elements! Let
them rage! I qlory in defying them ! I glory in
the sublime strength that enables mo to defy
thcin ! See here, Brutus !"
And going to the window, she threw it up, and,
baring her neck and bosom to the sharp and driving
sleet, stood there, while her large, fierce,
light-blue Saxon eyes danced with a juMlant exultation.
" Oh, shut it down ! como away !'' impatiently
exclaimed Brutus.
Gertrude laughed, and, folding her blue cloth
pelisse over her bosom, still full of sleet, exclaimed?
' And now you expect me to get a wheezing,
don't you! Pooh ! as soon expect the wild reindeer
of the Arctic regions to catch a cold ! No!
It is only your domestic animals?brute and human?that
take oold from exposure to the elements
! Oh ! Brutus, how you and ( have divided
the inheritance of our fathers. You, with the
strongly-marked North American Indian features
and complexion, have inherited the habits of an
English fox-hunting squire. I, with the form,
features, and complexion of the Anglo-Saxons and
the Danes, have all the great hardihood of untamed
Indian nature! Nothing affects me but (
confinement. Oh! Brutus, 1 never was sick! 1
never shall be sick! I defy all the influences of 1
earth to make me sick! I could sleep all night in
the open air in such weather as this, and never
freeze nor get sick ! Oh ! Brutus, I can scarcely
believe that I can (lie!?that this firm, white
flesh of mine shall ever perish ! Yet I know that
some time after 1 have passed my hundredth year
that this body will begin to wear out, and dry
away, and fall off from me, and then 1 suppose 1
shall ride a winged steed and hunt through the
regions of air. I wonder if there is any hunting
in the other world, Brutus? I swear to you, Brutus,
that heaven would not be heaven to me with- |
out it! The 'happy hunting grounds' of our
Indian fathers! That is my idea of heaven !'
And in truth it must be confessed that the Qer- (
Falcon's prospect for any other seemed very
mall.
" Shut down that window ! will you ?" yelled
Ilrutus again. " Don't let the room be filling
with sleet and snow while you talk ! God help
you ! I mean the man that gets you for a wife !?
only it is to be hoped that no man will be donkey
enough to try!"
" I la, ha, ha ! I am pretty independent of your
lordships!" laughed the cold and savage beauty ;
"wry independent!"
" And very detestable for b i*? so independent!
What should make you so independent ? "
" That is a jibe! but I will answer you. Thtt
should make me independent?or healthful, cheerful,
and free, which is the same thing?I live by
the laws of nature."
" Of tavaqt nature ! "
" Of nature t Clothes were made to cover, not
t? fetter people, and I wear mine lightly and easily.
Houses were made to shelter, not to suffocate
people, and I stay in ours only to eat and
sleep in tempestuous weather ,"ln a word, only
when I cannot enjoy my life more out doors. Food
was made to nourish and sustain, not to enervate
and .disease people. "fkercfors, I live upon applet,
nuts, turnips, and dried frniu?all thoee
freeh, sweet products of the earth, that, having
in them the elemeuU of life and health, will keep
a)moat forever?and not upon cooked victuals,
that, having the principle of dscmy within thsm
selves, spoil in & day or two, or upon jrour more
horrid aud disgusting anuiuil food. A food?
pah!?which, as soon as life is gone, falls into u
rapid dissolution. 1 live upon fresh tiring roots
and fruits, and receive their life into my veins.
Ah! believe me, 1 shall live a hundred years in
spito of the necessarily defective physical organization
inherited from meat-eating ancestors. And
believe me, that the reason w hy the antediluvians
lived so long was, that they lived upon the /iwnjr
vegetable productions of the earth?not upon
the daid, and disguised cook'd food, and ti^ horrid
animal food. And believe me, that the Hiblical
account of the original sin, and the heathen
fable of Prometheus' theft, referred to the same |
epoch in the world's history, namely, the time
when the curiosity or the luxury of man tried
animal focal, and fire, the fierce element, was captured
and debased to culinary purposes, just to
disguise the cannibal meal of meat, and then to
change, cook, and kill the living fruits that were
to have been the healthful aud life-giving food of
men. And what have been the result*V The'
human race has Income luxurious, sensual, debased,
and, even amidst the advance of civilization,
has declined in size, in health, in strength, and
in length of life! Instead of living nine hundred
years, men do not live ninety. Water was
made to drink, and to bathe in, and not^kteep
tea and coffee in. or to dilute wine ancWuKndy
with ; and I bathe in water like a duck, and
drink water, which is aliv. as the fruits are, and
uui juui na. uuvi juur wucr, auu ju?r niur, nun
your brandy, which, with all their spirit, have no
lift or ltfi-?ivia,<r power. And that is is the reason
why 1 have glorious health, strength, and spirits;
that is the reason why I can defy the storm, when
I wish to do it; that is the reason why I shall
never he ill?never decay, till I atn past an hundred
years old?never die till then, unless somebody
sends a bullet through my head or heart.7'
" You may break your own neck ! " exclaimed
Ilrutus, in a tone as if he wished she might do so.
' Ilreiik my neck?impossible! There is not
a horse in the wide world could throw me, aud
not a fall on earth from w hich I have not the
agility to recover myself, t could ride a Hon! I
wish some enterprising man would hriDg one
here Hnd dare me to do it! You are not a lont of
Creation, Brutus, nor do I know one man who is?
a luxurious and enervated pack ! But 1 am a lurfy
of Creation, and 1 tell you I could ride a
lion!"
"Should like to see you try?wonder how you
would accomplish it 1"
" By strength, Brutus. God bless you, Brutus,
look at me ! 1 am strong ! 1 could subdue,
bind, and lay at your feet, the strongest beef-fed
man in the State!?any man hut yourself, Brutus?by
mft*e muscular force ! "
" Yes, hy 1 mere muscular force '?you will never
'subdue' a man by the force of your beauty.
Gertrude, although you are beautiful, or 'bind'
a man by the fetters of love, Gertrude, for you
are not lovely."
" As your 'Aoe !"
"As my Z oe! Now why, Gertrude, do you
disapprove of Zoe??why do you hate '/oe ? "
" 1 don't hate Zoe ; neither do I hate humblebees,
but I do not particularly affect cither; and I
will not have a little ooffce-brewing, cake-baking
fool in the house."
" You despise her for her birth ! "
" I do not despise her for her birth, although I
kuow. as you do not know, that Bhe is a mulatto
!"
" A mulatto! " echoed Brutus, in dismay.
" Yes, a mulatto "
"For God's stke! bow. do you know? Do
yon know anything of her origin ? "
" Do be quiet, Brutus, and let go my shoulder.
IV e, a mulatto! No, I know nothing of her origin
that personal observation does not teach me."
- IN Oil] tug Mr-t ? "
" No, 1 say !?
"Then I am easy. I really thought that you
had a warrant for what you said."
" What warrant did I want more than my own
eyes? Zoe is of mixed African blood, 1 tell you.
Look at the dead white skin?"
" Susan Somerville's is the same."
"Susan Somerville's ispnre white?char white.
Zoe's is opc/ve white. Look at the darkness
around her finger nails; look at her rippling
black hair?not brownish black, like the English
or American hair, or bluish black, like West of
Ireland hair, or purplish black, like Italian hair,
but jetty black like African hair, and with the
little, undulating' wavy curl all through it."
" Pooh ! Nonsense ! The devil! It is not
true. You know nothing about it! " exolaiamed
Brutus, very pale, and very much troubled.
" It is so, I tell you I" said Gertrude. " And I
Anil ?tAii thul (Knl AtwniirtiufiinnA sinau visit (w/niKIa
me a grpat deal, and that I shall go by for Zoe
this evening, and wrap the little one up in a cloak
and take her in my sleigh to Mias Armstrong's
wedding. lis, ha. ha! Little does Mrs. Armstrong
guess that in Zoe Dove ahe will have a mulatto
guest!"
"Gertrude! what do you mean?"
"Little does Mrs. Armstrong suspect that her
(laughter's second bridesmaid is a mulatto?a
dm f "
" Heavens! Gertrude ! "
But, reader, we are on our way. This is the
wedding day of Louise and Louis, and, tempestuous
as it is. we must visit other houses before the
breakfast hour.
The family at the Isle of lUys was up at the
first dawn?or, rather, at the eaidiest hour, for
day could scarcely be aaid to dawn on that 2'2i of
February. Apollo BelviJere. fit herald of the
bridal morn, rapped at his young master's door at
four o'clock
"IIow is theweatber, Apollo??it was clouding
up lost night before I went to bed ; how is it this
morning?" impaired Louis Siuarf-Gordon. jumping
out of bed ; and. opening the door, Apollo entered,
set down the wax taper and hot water, and
lifting up both hie hands, exclaimed?
" Bress de Lor, Moses, de wedder Jo seem to be
a try'u/ of itself."
At the Crags, George and Hannah had arisen
at an early hour. Anna had left her humble oot
in a small room within that of .Susan Somerville,
ami. passing to the bed-aide of the latter, had whispered
softly?
" It is time to rise. Miss Susan, if you are going
to Mont Crystal to-day; but the weather is dreadful
; a furious wind, with a driving sleet of snow
snd hail, and the roods impassable; the very
landmarks lost in the drifted and still drifting
snow."
" | will go," sail Susan leaving ber couch.
" Yes, I will go," ihouichi Sus*n,as she performed
her simple toilet. "The fierceness of this
storm!?I shall like it, methinks. Certainly, I
shall not fvl it! Yes, I will go. If 1 do not,
Louis may suspect the extent of my credulity and
roily, and hia kind heart will he pained. 1 will
go"
She went, but who could compute the trial* of
that young heart, when, to ante her friend from
the mere possibility of uneasiness, ahe declined to
svail hemelfof the chance of eacape, and resolutely
determined to be present at the marriage of
Louis, the funeral of her own hopes.
It was on the stroke of five o'clock in the morning,
when Kate Jumper entered her mistress's
stately bed-chamber, and, drawing aside the curtains.
said?
" Oh, madam, what a day!"
" Is it raining, then, Kate," inquire] the lady,
who, through the closed blinds, and closely curtained
windows, and heavily draped alcove in
which stood her bed. could not bear the tempest.
"It has been storming, ruuiam; it has been
storming all night; sleet and snow driven by a
high wind ; the ground la covered; you counot
see the tops of the fences, and the tempest it still
raging fiercely, the roads, 1 am sure, must be impassable,"
*aid the mulatto, (who, from constant
association with the family, spoke better English
than most of her race) and she laid the velvet
slippers of her m'stres* ready for her to rise.
Mrs. Armstrong, rising, drew on her wedded
dressing-gown, and, going to the window, and
drawing aside the curtains, and throwing open
the abutters, looked out wi'h dismay
Housed from her light slumbers by the sudden
blast of the storm ogsiust the windows, Louise
started from her couch, and, nervous and superstitious
as ahs wss shook with terror at tuoh an
awakening on her bridal morn! She slipped from
her bed, and went and stood by her mother*! side.
With something like tenderness for the child
that had just passed the last night *hs ever would
pass In her mother's chamber. Mrs. Armstrong
put her arm around her daughter's waist, and,
divining her thoughts, a*id ?
"It may clear away before evening, Louise;
nay, it must clear away before noon, it hns been
forming all night, and a atom seldom lasts ao ,
long"
i 411 Kle*scd is the bride that the gun (shines on,'
, is not thai the proverb, mother?"
"Proverbs are vulgar, Mi* Armstrong.'' rei
plied the haughty wouian, who for five minutes
i would not give way to tenderness.
441 wish the aun would shine out to-day,"' muri
mured Louise.
44 The sun of fortune shines upon your marriage.
Miss Armstrong; and Mrs. .Stuart-Gordon will
to-morrow be independent of aDy other light It
will be her mother's halls that will he left in
gloom,'' coldly and bitterly concluded the lady
44 Mother?mother!" exclaimed Louise,throwing
herself, for the first time, gobbing, into her
mother's arras. 41 Mother?mother?I will atay
with you, if you wish it! Do with me as you
please! for am I not your own child? Do 1 not
owe you life? Mother, mother, you are ray creator
almost; take me to your bosom, and nourish
me with your love, as you once did in my infancy,
mother, and 1 will never, never, leuVe jou "
41 And Louis, then 7" inquired the lady, in cold
tones, but with secret satisfaction, though she
would not have stopped the marriage now for the
world.
j " Louie '^>V> jw Le w.' " murmured Louise,
in a voice of distress
44You are ridiculous, Miss Armstrong," said
her mother, coldly turning away.
The sun did not shine out that day. At noon,
*he tempest subsided, and there seemed some
prospect of a clear afternoon. It was in the lull
oi iqo Biorm jiuu cussn oomervtiie, attenlptl by
Anna, arrived in a sleigh, driven by George.
Mrs. Armstrong received her with much politeness.
and conducted her at once into the apartment
of the bride. Mrs Armstrong augured
well from this arrival, for the sucoess of her fete.
"If Miss Somerville could pass the frightful
road loading from the Crags, others can come,"
she thought. And soon, indeed, was seen another
sleigh, containing liltle Zoe, carefully wrapped in
blankets, and driven by Gertrude Lion. Coming
up with a sudden jerk, Gertrude tiung the reins
upon the horse's neck,springing out knee-Jeep in
tlie snow, ctught Zoe up iu her arms, and bearing
her on through the drifts, ctrried h< r in the hall,
and set her down, laughing uproariously. Mrs
Armstrong. drawn from the saloou by the noise,
CHino out to meet them.
"There, Mrs Armstrong. I have brought you
your second bridesmaid You not have
got her but Tor nic."
"Thank you."
"Oh, by no means, I had a particular wish that
you should not miss your second bridesmaid !"
" If we had been so unfortunate as to havemissed
the assistance of this young lady, another
oould have been found among the guests."
" But," said Gertrude, fixing her blazing light
eye* upon the face of the lady. 1 hod a jmrtu-ular
wish theit Zoe should attend hn " * .
She paused ? paused in astonishment. The
haughty woman standing before her had changed
as if suddenly struck with palsy, ller form was
braced back against the wall and shuddering; her
stony brow blanched and corrugated ; her cold,
sleet eves riveted on the radiant face of Gertrude.
" Well?" she exclaimed hastily; "goon, why
do you stop i "
" Well, 1 had a particular w ish that Zoe should
attend her friend," aaiJ Ucrtrude, in a calm
voice, with a careless look.
" But. Mrs. Armstrong, you are not well; you
have been agitated," said she, with uu affectation
of interest.
"1 have been agitated and over-fatigued," replied
the lady; "and really, Miss Lion, your
manners are somwhat boisterous and startling, in
a quiet bouse; you are so emphatic on tritles
mai?uui paruon mo, i seep you in me uraugni.
Then touching a bell, which was immediately answered
by Kate Jumper, the Hit id?
" Kate, show Mies Zee Dove into the dreaningrooni
of your young lady, and then attend Miss
Lion to the apartment prepared for her." And
.with a atatelv bow, Mra. Aruwromr sweeton fw>m
the hail.
An hour or two later, ether sleighs with guests
began to arrive. The bridal toilet of Louise
Armstrong was commencing in the gorgeous
dressing room prepared for her use. Although
her two bridesmaids were in attendance, it was
the artistio taste of Britannia O'kiley that arranged
her dress The bride sat before a large
cheval mirror. She wore a robe of Mechlin lnce,
with a deep, rich border of embroidered rosebuds
entwined with orange tlowers, and worn over a
white satin under-dre-s. Her pale, blond hair
was braided orer her ears, to suit the gentle madonna
style Of her countenance. Near her, on
the back of a chair, was thrown a large and splendid
Mechlin veil, of a similar pattern to that of
the dress On the toilet-fnble were various gloves,
fans, essences, eitracts, Ao, snd a case of diamonds,
the bridal offering of General StuartGordon,
and a casket of pearls, the gift of her
mother.
Britannia stood behind the bride, smoothing
with her hand the bands of her fair hair, until
they shone again. Zoe lifted the casket of diamonds,
snd taking from it a bandeau, held it towards
Miss Aftnstrong. Louise reached her
hand for it.
"No, no, my love, said Mritinuia, returning the
jewels, "no gems for you; not one, Louise; they
are too cold and glittering, nnd too hard and
sharp to the touch. They suit m>, Louise, not
you : w, Louise, who am apiloving ami unloved ,
uhn iinnn AA/'ftttinnu flfln liA Kawil nn\ii Kwllliurd
uD.I sharp?aye, and regal?like them ; mr who
flash out anger with the sparks of (x\f rubies, and
scorn with the gleam of my emeralds Hut you,
Louise, taring and loved?fair, soft, and gentle?
you must present no hard surfaces, no sharp
points; no?/torrer* for you, Louise.''
Zoe, attentive, alert, opened u bund-box, and
took out a white wreath.
41 No, no, it will not do," smiled Hrigbty,44 fresh
blooming flowers we want. I will go and gather
a wreath from the conservatory. Hut whut nrc
you doing there, '/.oe ?"
441 am scenting her handkerchief.''
44 Oh, throw the phial in the firo I detest those
odious and sickening French extracts. The aroma
from her rosebuds and orange-blossoms, the
fresh living breath of the flowers will be beet." .
And Hrigbty, leaving the bride, went down stairs
to select tho wreath and bouquet
On opening the glass doors leading from the
saloon into the conservatory, Hrigbty stnrted vio- j
lently. and repressed an exclamation of dismay
and horror at the sight of blasted desolation that
met her eyes. That fine conservatory of the most 1
beautiful and fragrant flowers of our own clime,
and of the rarest tropical exotics; that splendid (
conservatory, that was the wonder and the envy '
of the whole oounty ; that cheriahed conservatory, '
that for years and years had received the most ,
careful attention ; had, in the"* bfcstle and hurry
attendant upon the wedding, been forgotten and
neglected ; the fire in the furnace had been suffered
to go out, and the night had fallen intensely
cold; and now. upon the bridal morning the flowers
were found dead; all withered by the blight^
iag cold 1
44 What an ominous day ! " exclaimed Brighty,
as she turned from that scene of blasted life, and
thoughtfully and slowly returned to the bride
441 do not like her toilet at all," said Hrighty, *
44 her beautiful robe and veil are l>oth perfect, but '
her brow crowned with artificial roses, and her 4
handkerchief saturated with a venomous French 11
extract. No, I do not like it "
44 Now you sre <|uite ready," said 7,oe; 44 and 41
oh, so beautiful and sweet, Louise! Now, Susan 11
we will put on our white muslins, for Louis will u
be here presently." r
Susan Somerville, who h>d taken no part in
this toilet, because her assistance was unnecessary, "
now aroee, and, laying off her dark riding-habit, ''
was preparing to change her dress, when, seeing f
Louise looking very peu*ive, she went up to her "
and said, in a taw voice, not to be heard by any of c
the others? 0
"You sre very serious, Louise; enn I do anything
for you 7 " f
44 Oh, yes, SuKin, I want to see my dear mother s
once more, We, before Louis nines " f,
"I will go and bring her,7' wtl<l nuean, Ictving
the room
8oon Mian Noroerville returned, and, stooping
down, whiapered?
" Your mother U particularly engaged, and canno*
come, Louiae."
The bride huret into tears I
44 Ah, well ??yen, here i? a pretty Citaa'ropbeI
You muet break your heart tieoeuae ' mother'cannot
leave the rtcptlon of her gueeta, to make a
eeene with you!" exclaimed Hrighty, with wellfaigned
petulance.
"Oh, it la not (hat, Urigbty , you know it la not
that t"
u Wall, then, h-tianae ehe ? tU mil -becauae ?he
it arlfWh. oohi, and hard, and??" j
llera the gentle hand of Toe fell auftly on the ;
arux of Hrighty, and the gentle eyan af Toe were j
ralaod reprovingly and imploringly to her face. '
11 Yea, I w.?? wrotf, Zoe, my little mentor. Hut,
Zoe. thank God that, like tne. yon are alone in !
the world, and ao, are sure that your spirit will
never be wounded, yonr heart never bruised ; for
none but thoae we lore have power to break the
spirit or crush the heart, Zoe."
' Mr. Stuart-Gordon, with his atteu lanla, await
your leisure, Miss Armstrong," coldly unnouuced
Mrs. Armstrong, as the swung open the chamber
door, and stood among them.
' Let them enter, aaid the bride in a low voice,
repelled and chilled by the oolduess of her
mother.
Britannia, liling the elegant veil from the
chair, throwing it over the head and form of
Louise, gracefully arrauged it, and soon the little
party were marshalled down stairs, end into the
aaloon.
Owing to the frightful tempestuousness of the
weather, the vast saloou was very sjiarscly sprinkled
with company.
' What a beautiful couple!"' ''What a wellmatched
pair!" "So youthful!"' "80 interesting!''
'How handsome is Louis!"' " How preltv
is Louise!'' "What an elegant bridegroom!"'
" W hat a lovely bride !" were the whispered words
of admiration that greeted their riitrr*.
ci ibebretwbTrrcurp i(K>k~ii*r *v??iua iu Cue middle
of the tlnor, the company arose ond gntheivi
around. The service commenced?it went on?
amid the howling of the storm that drowned the
responses?it was over The white hands of Susan
Somerville reverently raised the gorgeous veil
from the head of the bride, and carried it sway?
and no one noticed how pale and ill was Miss
Somerville, while frieuds and neighbors crowded
around to congratulate " Mrs. Stuart-Gordou
' What a grand name for such a little body !"'
whispered Zoe, laughingly, to Britannia.
' Yes: and what a tierce name Lion would he
for such a gentle little love as you, Zoe !"'
Zoe crimsoned, aud slunk away behind the amnio
fol.la nf Moo A ..nut-ono',. to ?1??
'""'"'""S/ puip'V
General Stuart-Gordon advanced at this moment
to otFer his congratulations to his sou and
daughter-in-law, uud met the bright face of Miss
O Riley, while the smile and glancy of mirth still
lingered there. With a deep bow to Drighty, he ,
addressed himself to the fair bride. ,
The newly-married pair now took their seats ,
with their attendants.
It was now that Brutus Lion and his sister
Gertrude?1 beg their pardon, Mr. and Miss
Lion of The Loir?advanced to pay their compliments.
l'mtue, in his new suit of Lincoln-green
gilt bottohr. his zlf w?5t, x?-i j
pomatumed, and Gertrude.lookioglike the Uueen
of the AmazonR, with her mazarine blue satin and
her rolling yellow hair?or yellow mane, as Brutus,
the brute! called it?with her rolling yellow
hair gathered into a huge knot, and pierced and
held by a long jewelled arrow.
'' Mr. and Mrs. Stuart-Gordon, I salute your
highnesses! You sit there as calmly as though
something astounding had not just happened to
you! 1 especially refer to Mrs. Stuart-Gordon.
This little creature," and hero the golden-haire 1
Amazon took the delicate and white gloved hand of
Louise in her own, "this little one, was this
' I ni.i.o' a lifll.. nirl ),? l.v
her waiting-maid, sodded liy her governess, and
lectured by mamma; this evening she is "Mrs.
Stuart-Gordon !' Stupendous ! .Louise, can you
bear it? 1 deolare to you, Louise, that there is
not a young lady present who could not support
your honors with n more imposing dignity than
you do! Myself for instance! I ntn tall and
strong, and and could sustain the burden of a
great name! And Hrighty there! I nssert that
llrighty seemed horn to he the mistress of the
Isle of Hays! Why, even Susan Nomerville
would look Mrs. Stuart-Gordon hotter than you
do, little one! though Susan Somcrville will
make a Virginia matron of the first class, find of
the most approved stamp' Where is Susan ? Yes!
where is she I 1 have not seen her since she raised
the veil from your head, Louise!'
" Yea! where ia Susan, lova ?" whispered Louis
to Louise.
" I do not know. I will send and see. Miss
Dq !, v.tn y i.u scev Ml.10 1"
Y.oe sprang to obey, but Britannia by a sudden
thought oaught her arm, arresting her tlight, and
suying?
"Stop?Miss Somcrville carried off your veil,
madam, and will soon return without doubt."
In the mean while, where was Susan Sotnerville?
All through the day, all through the toilet
of Louise, she had sustained herself by an almost
| superhuman exertion of will. She had thought
herself prepared by steady and firm anticipation
for the meeting with Louis; hut at tho first sight
of his face, the first sound of his voice, her courage
had foraukou httr. AU through the ceremony she
stood, her brain reeling, her heart sinking, her
limlm failing under her; yet she stood seemingly
very quiet, so calm and white was the habitual style
of her face. I said that the marriage of Louis was
thef uncial of her happiness. Each word of the
ritual that severed her forever from Louis fell
upon her ears like the reiterated blows hy which a
limb might be slowly and painfully cut off?fell
upon her heart like clods upon a cofliu lid. At
the conclusion of the ceremony,she felt her senses
going?the sceno all mingled into chaos and swum
before her sight?a confused and painful flashing
of lights, and glancing of eyes, and glittering of
trinkets?a confused clashing of sounds, where
girlish laughter, mingled with deep-toned, heartfelt
words of sympathy, and with moaning of the
storm without?pressed in upon her brain. To
save herself, and with n last effort of self-control,
she raised the veil from the brow of the bride, and (
bore it away. Faltering through the long passages,
and up the great staircase, she found her (
room. A little firh was burning there, aud a dim j
taper was standing on the mantel-piece. Anna f
was seated by the fire. Unheeding this, she approachr
i the side of the bed, sank down upon her
knees, dropped the veil upon the bed, her arms '
upon the veil, and her head upon her arras, and
unconsciously gave way to a succession of low,
deep moans, like one in acute bodily pain might (
|o?reproaching herself bitterly the while for the s
sin and shame of her present sufferings. A rap
was beard at tho door, but Susan did not heed j
it. Anna went to the door. It was Mrs. Armitrong?
,
" Is Miss Sumerville in her chamber 7"
11 Yes, madam ; and as soon asshe has arranged
Iter dress mio will return to the saloon," Anna hue- |
:oned to mjt, in order to present questions.
"Let Mine 8on?er?ille know that we await her J'
[ireaenee to commence the quadrilles," said the (
lady. and turned and left the piaaagr. I
"Miia Soroersille," inurmured Anna, softly c
aesr the ear of Susan. w
The poor girl started, blushed, and, rising in
jonfusion. she crosaed the room, and seated herielf
in the chair by the fire, unconsciously aud
aithout replying
" MissSuaan, Mrs. Armstrong has sent for you. .
I'hey eupcct you In the saloou."
J rO KK CONTIM'fclJ.J a
- - f
CORREXrOMJK.W'E OP THE NATIONAL ERt. [!
Wiijtkiiau. P. 0., Maoison Co, Kv,
February I S.V).
To the K/litof of the National Era : o
HmkSir: The writer r.f the letter which I s
tend you is a full-blooded African, about thirty- t|
i*e years old. 1 send you the letter, (which you
vili return to toe,) instead of a copy, that you
nay publish it m t! it. ll
I hare not been an uninterested, though a silent h
ibserrer of the contest now, whether this (Jovern- r
nent shall extend really " the area of Freedom," ^
r ui'iKo j)ro|nxijr ui nucu pcnsoua no ui/curerpondcut.
fi
In thU crisis of our national Ufa, this letter is p
lore thin argument?it U a truth?an umdthula- ),
If.fart?which plead*, with more power than the
lo?|uence of word*, hacked by the prestige of ge.
ius, In favor of the liberty of *11 men, of every *
lime and color, lielieve me, sincerely your uioet 8
bedient Rervant, C. m. Clay. i,
I'. 8.?It might he proper to ndd, that thi*
recdman could barely read mud writ* whilst a C(
lave. You will observe that the handwriting i*
tr belter th in my own. C. M. C 01
u
N?:w Kk iiwono, Cllumovt Co, Ohio, oi
January VH, IbV). r,
M v Fkiknd : It ia about four yeara ainoe I laet M
ecu yon, though in that time I h <ve heard from
uhlie report of you often. You will lielieve me
rhen I say to you that I have watched over you
u all the trial* which you have undergone, and m
ny heart sympathized with you when you were y
ui rounded hy men wLo a iugnt your life and wili- M
led your character Although my akin i* black,
never'helea* feel tor my friends, and 1 aball "
dwuya hear in my heart feelings of gratitude to ni
rou for the digit.'* reeled friendship shown hy rou 1
o me, while' yonr slave. The constant aaptra- (j
iotie of my heart shall be fur your safety, and
pray that God, who noiieee the fall of the
iparrow, may w> guide and direct you hy hi* 11
ipirit, that you may be led la tb* way of ail b
truth, uii*I that b??here r.n<l felicity herenfter
tnny be your lot.
It was my intention. ere ihi*, to hive written
you, hut your absence in Mexico prevent el I
am now {termanently located in this pi ire ; have
bought real estate. which coat me six hundred
dollars, for which I have nearly paid I am encased
in making ploughs, and my prospects are
Hattvring.
I enclose you a handbill containing a description
of the plough I uin manufacturing. They
can be made any size, mid to plough any depth i
that may he required, from s to 20 inches deep
It would afford me siueere pleasure to furnish my |
old master with what he might want of them, or
at least one of them. in order that you might test 1
their quality, as 1 am well assured they will give
satisfaction. I can recommend one of them, at |
least, such as I sell here for ploughing vineyards.
It would be first rate to tear up the roots and
briars of the Hocadav field.
The health of myself and family is good. We
have had no increase in our family
Itemembcr me to your good lady and family,
and to the colored people, ami it would ntf>>rd me
much satisfaction if you permit my sister Hannah
to visit me during the next summer. The ploughs
y~.. ^ tvM,/ ? .,..'
yoawtwt, plfeue write me.
With my prayers for your prosperity and happiness.
permit roe to sign myself
Your affectionate friend,
Davin Ci.at.
Cuttius M. Clcv, JEsij.
. #
NEW JERSEY.
A few days after the opening of the Legislature
of Ntw Jersey. Mr. IJaxey, a member of the AssemUy
from Passaic, introduced the following
resolutions:
llr.iohfd, (the Senate concurring.) That our
Senators from this State in Congress he and are
hereby instructed, an4 our Representatives requested.
to rote for the application of the Ordinance
of 17N7, commonly called the Wiliuot Prorise.
to all Territorial Govetnoienfs that may be
enacted at the present session of Congress; and
also to vote for the admission of States otherwise
properly qualified for admission, that may by their
organic law prohibit the institution of slavery in
said StiteB.
ll'soh'tf. (the Senate concurring) That Congress
possesses the legislative power to abolish
slavery \n ^i?- t Mstrict of Columbia, and that it is
both right and proper that the < Government of this
great Republic should free itself from the sanction
of the slave tratlic, which has too long disgraced
the otherwise fair reputation of the Government
of the United States.
RtsoJvtd, (the Senate concurring ) Thatncither
the threats of disuniou aud withdrawal, by numbers
of Congress from the slaveholding States, nor
the recommendations of the Governor of South
Caroliuu for a re-orguuization of the militia of the
said State, in contemplation of disunion,nor the
solemn acts of different Legislatures of the slaveholding
States, in case of the application of the
Wilmot Proviso to the Territories of the United
States, should for one moment deter the members
of Congress front this Slate from performing their
duties ou this grave question.
R'solwl, (the Senate concurring,) That the
Governor of this State he requested to forward a
copy of the foregoing resolutions to each of the
nenator* ami members of Congress Irom thia
State.
These resolutions will probably pass, unless the
Whigs feel themselves embarrassed hy the recommendations
of the President's message. The
Constitutionalist, of Woodbury, closes an excellent
article in support of the resolutions, as follows :
" In republishing these res dutions and penning
these remarks, we are conscious of giving expression
to an active sentiment?one which we fear
there is a diisposition in some parts of our country
to crush, or at least to keep in subjection In the
Sta4n at H ev? Jcmty, among tW unset *, there is
not a single sympathetic pulsation with the slaveholder,
as such?and, uuless the press reflects
properly and faithfully this feature of public
opinion, unless it is not only permitted but used
to give voice to the thoughts of our people, the
time may come when demagogues will ho confounded
und party ties severed forever."
li BORAH.
The Legislature of this .State has pnssed a bill
authorizing the Governor to call a Convention of
the pooplo of tho Slate, on the happening of the
following events:
1st. Tho enactment by Congress of a law prohibi
ing slavery in any Territory of the United
States.
2d. Tho enactment of a law to abolish slavery
in tho Ijistriot of Columbia.
3d. A law to prohibit tho slave trade between i
Ike .States where slavery now exists. i
4th. Should the Governor of thia State receive I
satisfactory evidence that any slave or slaves have i
escaped from this State to a non-slavehobling
Stuff* IIfit! tKut unrli fcltlVA fir lilflvttu iu nw urn ro.
fused to be given up to the proper owner hy the '
authorities of the State in which the fugitive or I
fugitives may be foun<l. ]
And, lastly, should Congress admit into the h
United States as a State of this Confederacy the
extensive and sparsely peopled territory of California
and New Mexico. ti
The first four contingencies were generally t
concurred in ; hut the last, that relating to Cal- f
forms, was strongly resisted, and was carried by
i party rote. The Whigs strenuously opposed it,
is violating a fundnnientsl State rights prinol- w
>le?one that has been maintained for years by
hat party, and which Mr. Calhoun, in 1817, most fu
mphatioally proclaimed in the Senate. The poition
taken by the (Jcorgia Democrats concedes
o Congress the right to impose conditions upon u ?'
It ate spplying for admission?a doctrine repelled B
iy the whole South In the Missouri controversy, to
t involves the farther folly of opposing the niloission
of California, even if its Constitution auhorizsd
slavery.
It is such violentand extreme men as these who, ''
y asHiiming untenstde positions, expose the uneniable
rights of the South to attack,-and sub- 0(
[*ct her to ridioulc. Nothing is more certain,
hun that the South cannot bo united on this v<
Jcorgia platform. It is too gross and palpable a
cp-irtaru from State rights to command a general w
oncurrcnco. It may suit the " bitter-enders,"
fho aro determined, whatever face the future
my wear, to oppose the Administration of CJenral
Taylor. But it will please no one else We
tay regret as much as we may the fact, that Cal- th
fornia has prohibited slavery; but that was the
nevitulde result of Mr. Polk's Abolition Begi- ft,
lent, and the character of the emigration thither;
nd we know no alternative, but admitting heess
ree, or rejecting her altogether. If it l>e compe- 1'
r-nt to <x>ngrcss to limit her boundary to u.w .10', at
bat should he done; hut, beyond that, we wee
otbiug that can be done.?Huh mo ml (Vu.) Whig. r(
Wo hope the Governor of Georgia may have ra
ccasion to call a Convention of the Peoploof that w
tute. The Representative* and Senators front ei
be Mtutc of Califoruia hare at butt arrived- w
'heir application for aduiiMtion and recugui- 0,
ion has cjDto before Congress, and, craven a* j
oh been the spirit betrayed l?y nmny iNorth- w
rn members eo far, they will rally in support of w
tie in w -State. As to cutting down her bounds- e,
ies, the man frotn the free Hlatea who shall pro- ,|
oho or assent to, such a project should make up |?
is mind to emigrate to the Mouth imhtntrr.
Texas, with its enormous boundaries ami its lfl
ronndless claims, was brought into the IJuiuii by
outhcrn men, Northern men assenting. The r<
lea of" suitable boundaries " then was scouted ol
It wis ilavchoMing territory, and the Mouth
mid see nothing al?urd in admitting the whole
f it as one State into the Union, although more
nwiebly than California is now. The conduct
f the slaveholders in relation to Teias will ^
i-ndrr opposition to the admission of California) ^
iih Iter present limits, utterly inexcusable.
Independently of anti-davery considerations, it ^
i beat I list the whole of the Territory should be
jflVred to remain, In its present state, under the si
late Government already constituted ; ns in this "
ay, the colored population in all that vast
rgion will have at ouoa the protection of the law '
ad the advantage of a well-ordered Government. 8
'his, too without any trouble or expense to the
'uited Mutes. ^
As for Georgia, her convention might have ,j
ie privilege of mljonming, no soon as ossein- t)
led, unlets, indeed, it should resolve to raise a rl
regiment of the chivalry to send serous the
continent, to run a new boundary for the
ifornuas! ']
\ IKCIM A.
'i'he following revolution-* have been adopted
in the House of Itelegstes. Virginia. with much iT\
unanimity, except the fifth, on which the rote H
stood?yens (?7, nays .0. Jj
Whererui the recent action of the General Assembly
upon the Wilniot I'roviso and kindred
subjects. and in relation to fugitive slave-*, ha-*
met with no other response from the non-slttv*holding
Mates than violent denunciation and a j
systematic perseverance in the wrongs of which
we complained and w hereas it is apparent that
the inevitable result of tmeh a course of action on
the part ot a portion of the States must he to ex
cite hi It em ess, jeilouay. an I distrust, utnong the
rest, to kindle tho angriest passious to extinguish
that spirit of concession and destroy that mutual
forbearancenud fraternal affection which founded
an*l have unstained onr ('onfederney. and finally
to dissolve the Hnioti itself: nn l whereas we are
anxious if nouaiblc to avert the irsl-i ,
threaten ws. and brl'rve that the tv?.t effectual
means rf doing this nre rn be fbnn 1 In the ear ^ :
union of the whole South for the 1 in* una I. <m'
the Constitution, ami the preservation of the
Union, if it can be preserved, and for their owu
preservation if it cautiol:
1. B? 11 tkn>fort rt<olv*J btj the I inter al Autmhh;
of Yirginin, That upon the questions thus persevcringly
and rtcklcasly forced upon the country, 1
Virgiuia baa taken her position, and that |?osition ;
will be maintained. Her loyalty to the Union is
no matter of empty profession It is htanija-d on
every page of her history. No State has done as
much to form the Union; none is prepared to d<> 4 J
more to perpetuate it in the spirit in which it was
formed, and in which alone it can be preserved.
Hut loyal as she is, nnd always has been, it were
a fatal error to suppose that Virginia will over
consent that that Union, to which she lout looked
na a source of happiness nnd honor, shall be con
verted into an instrument of degradation and oppression
2 Rmohed, That, in the event of the passage
tf the Wilmot Proviso, or of any law abolishing
tlavcry in the District of Columbia, |or in any
nanner interfering with the rights of slaveholders
therein, cr nbolishing slavery or the slave
K#l Ut>vil> th** .WiiHPI i will lui nwA.
pared to unite with her sistar slaveholdtng States
n convention or otherwise, in the adoption of any
neasures that may be necessary to provide for
heir mutual defence, or to secure their common
safely.
3. Resolved, That, in the opinion of thisGencril
Assembly, a Southern convention.in which the
<itatrs as States are represented, should copahrt ot
lelegates selected by the people of the several
States in convention assembled, who should carry
with thein all the authority derived from such an
tppointment, and be prepared to act for those
whom they represent.
4. H>solved, lh>rrforr, That, upon the happening
>f either of the contingencies contemplated in th?
lecon 1 resolution, the Governor bo authorised and
rei|uenie<i pusieuu 01 convening ine uegtsiuiuri I
o issue hin proclamation for the election of del.
jrttes to it State convent ion, to take into consider
it ion the mode and measure of redrew, with power
to appoint delegates to a Southern convention, ami
to adopt such mean tires as the crisia uiay demand.
The said delegatea to he chosen hy each city,
oounty, or election district, according to its representation
in the lloiiso of Delegates, and to receive
the same pay nnd mileage as members of the
timers! Assembly
f>. Resolved, That regarding theoonvention propose*
1 to he held at Nashville on the tirst Monday
In June next rh intended to enable the peopUof
the South to take counsel together as to the best
aud most effectual means of resisting the aggresMioiiM
of the North, of enforcing a compliance.
their part with their constitutional ohligatHfcu
anil thereby of preserving the union of i W
States, now in imminent peril hy reaaon of the
oourae pursued hy the nonstlavehohliug States
and their representatives in Congress, in their
ceaseless agitation (and that, too, in the most unfriendly
spirit) of <|uestions involving the peace,
the institutions, and the very existence of the
Southern States, and approving the objects of the
said convention us above set forth, the General
Assembly doth recommend to the good people of
this Commonwealth to send delegates thereto,
and that, to this end, they hold primary meetings
in each city, county, and election district, in the
Srate, ami appoint delegates to a convention to he
held In each congressional district lu the month of
May next, and that the district conventions so
constituted, do each select two persons, (oue from
each of the two politioal parties af the country.)
who shall he delegates to the said Nashville Convention.
(1 Reiolveil, That the Governor of this Commonwealth
he requested to send h ?<qiy of these
resolution* to each of the slaveholding States of
this Union, nnd also to our Senator* and Representative*
in Congress.
While the House woe acting upon the resilutious,
Mr. Watson presented the resolutions of
lis county, Albemnrle, prnte*ting against the
Vushville Convention, nnd nil proposals of repii
mis, iiou-intercoursp. fcc., as premature.
The second resolution, ns it originally stood,
neutionod the "abolition of tho slave-trade in
he hist riot of Columbia" as one of the emotes
or resistance "at all hunrda, and to the lust exrcmity."
Hut this was stricken out, and the
rords in brackets were inserted.
After tho adoption of (be second resolution, tho
illowing proceedings took place
Mr. Nnowden rend a despatch from a member
' Congress in Washington, stating that Mr.
oot's proposition to apply tho Wilmot Proviso
i tho Territories hail been rejected by twenty ght
majority. It was regarded as settling the
efoiit of the Proviso. |Muoh upplnuse in the
[all.|
We hope the constituents of the eighteen hemirnts
and fuurtecn Whigs from the North, who
)tod to lay Knot's resolution on tho table, and
so of the score of the dodgers on that resolution, ?
ill note those proceedings. Will they echo the
>plause of the Virginia Legislature!
The resolutions were sent to the Senate, where
icy were made tho order of the day for Monday,
IB llth.
It will he observed that the resolutions omit
1 y reference to California, and that they careilly
define the powers of the Nashville Convenon,
so ns to render it totally inoapahle of any
;t heyond mere consultation.
Would to Clod that the non-slnveholding Ilepiactitatives
and Senators had the courage And
agnanimity to put through Territorial bills,
ith the Wilmot Proviso in them, and then
ly adjourn and go home. We should like to bee
hat the convention*; to be called by tho Uovernra
of the Blaveholding Htat.a would do then,
'lie sooner we have a decision of the i|ue?tiou
bother Congress is to legislate in accordance
ith the deliberate convictions of a majority in
tch Mouse, or in ohedienc* to the dictatiou of a
esperate minority, the better. Till this .juestion
i) decided, there cm be no peace in this country,
icept by the implicit aubmiaeion of the majority
i the minority.
i'jj/tfn/*-?1 ? N<mm him ninre passed th?
notation*, with a single amendment, striking
it " alaveholdlng" from the eiith
LOUISIANA.
The following joint resolutions have been iu odiired
Into the legislature of Louisiana by
lr. Shannon of Point Coupee:
Reiolvetl, That the Government of the United
tales in one of limited or delegated powers ouly.
H'iolvil, Thut Congrean ban no power over any
11 hj.'tii, uulesi aurh na are expressly granted by
:ie Constitution of the United States att othera
eing rssorved to the State* respectively, or totho
eoplo.
lOsultfJ, That the Territorlee of the United
tales are the joint property ?f thll the Slates.
lUtolu d, That the (manage by Congress of the
If ilmot Proviao, or any other Kindred measure,
living for its ohjeet the nbolitioo of slavery in
IS Ointriot of Columbia, the rnntrletiea of it in
m Stales, or the prohibition of U in the Territees,
in n palpable violation of the Constitution of

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