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The national era. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1847-1860, February 28, 1850, Image 3

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interest to apply thereto the principle of the 1
Ordinance of 1787.
R'toktil, That, looking to the teachings of the ' ]
put, the duties of the present, and the hopee of >
the future, the North should aftiirm ita oppo- [ I
sition to the extension of slavery, without compromise
and at all hazards; and that we. a portion of
ita people, here and now avow this as oar solemn
and settled purpose.
R'solrtd, That Joshua R. Giddixms, with a 1
fidelity which no power could seduce, a courage ?
which no combination could awe, a foresight j
which no cunning could deceits, and an honesty (
which no art or temptation could shake, has stood
wisely and truly by the right; and that we, freemen
struggling for freedom, recognising fully his <
nbility and devotion to the cause of liberty, amid I
taunt, reviling, and vindictive opposition, pledge ]
ourselves to stand by him.
R> soltfdThat the action of President Taylor, i
the resolutions of Mr. Clay, the declarations of '
General Cass, with the hypocritical resolutions 1
adopted by the Ohio Democracy at the late con- ! '
vention, prove that the leaders of both the old
organiiations are ready to sacrifice, and if let
alone will sacrifice, humanity to party.
R-'olwA. That the perils of the honr show thst
slavery is ready to blast free soil with its deadly ,
curse, and that nothing-but an instant, earnest
effort on the part of freemen, can prevent the foul
and fatal act.
R.solved, That, in view of these facts, we urge
unon the people, without distinction of party, to
* -1S-1 5 ? ?L? r.l.lan 11 mo |t"l
meet us our f^tners mu w mo %-**** ., .? .
townships and counties, and by petition, remonstrance,
aud resolution, speak out, as freemen
should, for freedom.
A Place in thy Mamory. By S. H. Us Krjyft. New
Vork : John F. Trow 1830.
A Blind Man's Ovfbrimo, By B. 0. Bowen. 2.1 edition.
New Vork. 1830
The circumstances under which Mrs De
Kroyft's beautiful little volume was written are
best told by herself in her preface. "Three
summers ago, I had perfect sight. I was in one
short month a bride, a widow, and blind. Yet
Providence has made it needful for me to do something
to provide for myself food and raiment." J
The volume is made up of letters?genuine passages
from a private correspondence of much ful- i
ness .and beauty. It seems a complete and undis- j
guised picture of the mind, during these three
long years of sightless life. So severely trying an
experience, met with such an earnest effort for
resignation and cheerfulness, entitle the author to
mike this appeal to the sympathy of the public
Nothing is more instructive to thoee who are
interested in the study of the mind through ail its
phases, or of more blessed use to those who must
gather up their strength 01 neari ngainsi tneir |
own trials, than such passages of personal expe* !
ri* nce as are recorded here. The touching pa- j
. thos of many portions is very pleasantly relieved ;
v erimat/jj^ccouhy^ o^ soenps and occupations,
at the noble" New York Institution of theillina,"
and some cheerful pieces of description addressed
to varfbus friends. It is delightful to find a
spirit so apt to find "the soul of goodness in
things evil," as is shown in the following: "Now
that my task is ended, and my little book is going
to the publishers, I have not an unpleasant memory
connected with the whole affair. In the hur- ;
ry of business, in the intricacies of law, and
amidst of problems half solved, gentlemen have
laid down their pens, read my prospectus, written
their names, and paid their money; and often escorted
me to the door, and saw me safely down !
stairs, perchance directing my gentle guide where
to find others as kind as themselves.'' "Captains,
railroad conductors, and all, instead of presenting
their bills, inquired how they could best serve
me, where I would stop, &o. Ought not even the
blind to be joyous aud happy in a land so kind;
so free, as ours 7"
In our hasty notice of Mr. Bowen's book a week
or two ago, we fear we hardly did him justice,
and are glad to say a word more in this connection.
Mr. R. has been blind from infancy ; and
with a well-trained mind, and a surprising range
of reading and information, has looked at things
as a thinking man. To him the oonditionof blindness
is the habitual, we might almost aay the normal,
sac , and we consider his book as very valuable
from the amount of clear knowledge it oonveys,
and from the thought gathered in it and
wrought into tangible, serviceable shape. Independent
of his appeal to our sympathy, the author
cau afford to Btand rind be judged among the writers
of the day. One whose stand-point is so
wholly outside of our usual experience has many
things to tell us which we should not know without
such aid. We think his book would be rated
higher for absolute merit, if a severer revision
? '? - -M-Li -U-i.L _X iL- 1.
excluded many or me suguu-r sKritucs , luuugu
these are needful perhaps to a certain completenessTaken
together, the two volumes exhibit two
most interesting phases of mind, the diff^-ent features
of a like calamity endured with a common
spirit. *
Thr Massachusetts Trackku. December, 1819.
A very neat and agreeable miscellauy, keeping
sufficiently true to the declaration of its title
Professor Agassir stands at the head of the committee
who guarantee its character. *
Chronic Hiaeasks, e?|>ecU!ly tbe Nervons Disease* of
Another of Fowler & Wells's publications; a
curious and claiming to be important chapter of
the science before spoken of?the Ethics of Physiology.
Ton IUnkkr's Magazine anu Statistical Kroktrr.
Kdited by J. Smith Humans, iluitjn. January, 1850.
diuij. Dp au.
The editor's high reputation and the " figurative
style " prevailing in this close-printed and
_i ?,i _,:?v ? ?v;c
neni magazine, so powenui * urn ubcu nuu ?
ful hand, show this to be a most valuable publication
to a business man. We believe it is considered
indispensable to one who would be wellinformed
on nutters of trade and finance. Our
own judgment is given of course at second hand.
The Kblioion ov Christ at War with American Klatrrt,
or for Separation from Ui? 1'rtsbyttrun
''torch, (t>. S ) By Ker. Kdwin H. Nevin, Pastor of tie
Presbyterian Church, Moutt Vernon, O. Cleveland, lSt'J.
Hp 46.
This discourse argues with much zeal and considerable
force against the old Presbyterian organis
it ion, from the point of view that slavery is condemned
in the Bible. An interesting feature in
it is the testimonies gathered in rebuke of slavery ?
backed by various eminent names. A large part
of it is taken up with a history of the church action
had on that subject in the communion referred
1 n? Ttn Cavie of tii? Cholera Fxhlained, Ac. By
Thonus White. Cincinnati, 1650. Pp.48.
Or White's observations Appear to have been
made very carefully, in the districts visited by
the cholera in 1832 und 1849. His thiory of the
disease and its treatment proceeds upon his doctrine
of the secretion of the nervous fluid by the
brain, and the necessity of keeping the system
oxygenated up to a certain mark. Hence his
rules for diet, treatment, &c. We commend the
pamphlet to those bell Pr par.n 1.1** (Kan ahu
?w|rnvtv t UUII VUI OC1TC9
of estimating Its merit. *
Tub An#i.o SAXoMa,their Origin and their Deettny. By
Charle* Aml?rwn. Cincinnati, 1800. Pp. 48.
A spirited and well-directed assault upon the
| popular creed of Anglo Saxoniroi and the newtamped
destiny-philosophy , which "conceit"the
author trace# rapidly through the series of conquering
mtioiis of the earth Thestyleof thought
seems to be simple, sound, and manly , we wish I
we could say as much for the style of language.
t. OLLSNuoarr'* Naw Msthod or Lbaeuimo I-*sn< ir
with Addition*, he. By V. Value. With aeyeteoi of
Pranunelation, Ac
companion to tni ad1vb, baino |i|ai 0?u?? and a
Voi'AtCLAaT. By (leorjf W. iiret-nt, luitruotor in
Brown t'nirer'ity.
I Kowah'c Mubiin Kbbmcu Kbabv K??i?e<i by
J U Jewett.
All tbe above are publitbrd by Appleton, of New Vork, and
for itli at KarithA'n'* Bnofceture, corner of PeMtpruli
Arena* and Kl*v*ath Street
The "Method" needs no commendation from
us It has virtually superseded every other We
have experienced something of its value, and
Only regret that it iu not in rogue twenty
years sooner. French is nearly as indispensable
to a reading man as to a traveller; and we are
glad at the addition of this " Grammatical Synopsis,"
which enables one to acquire rery rapi
lly a sufficient reading knowledge of the tongue.
But why does neither book oontain a complete
table of irregular eerbs7 This, and such like ,
deficiencies, make them much less valuable for
reference. We offer the suggestion to the next
Bditor; for not all the dictionaries supply the want. |
A complete ahnhr Grammar, (or Aecidenoe.) which
souhl be bad in half the space giren to this Sy. |
nopals, would be of ten times the serrice. Tbc
book of Dialogues seems to be full and good?an
excellent11 Companion,"^# suggest, for an Atlan- I
tic voyage?perhaps something of a hore at home.
However, to learn a language is work, not play.
The Reader appears to be an interesting selection.
One book of this sort is about us good as
another. A hint ought to have been given of
the history of these twenty-six men?at least the
dates of their births, an 1 some rude classification of
their works So wc reserve ample commendation
for the next edition, which will doubtless
supply these defects. *
Dictionakt or Mechanics. Engine Work and Enoiseeking.
Edited by Oliver Byrne New York : Appleton.
All we vouch for is the neatness, cheapness,
and seeming completeness of this work. Its plan
and intention are admirable ; and we are a9sured,
on what we consider the very high authority of one
thoroughly conversant in these matters, that the
Dictionary is all that it claims to be?an excellent
and reliable work of reference. If a mechanic,
wc should put it first among the second department
of tools?unless the furnishing of the brain
goes even before the furnishing of the shop. *
The Caeavan, a Collection or Pofulae Tales
Tr&unlsUd from tbc Uenuan of Wilhelm H&afT. New
York: Appletoa. For sale by K. Famhaiu.
A very neatly printed and illustrated child's
dook. aner ine urienui tasnion, ?. unuer guise
of stories told to a tired caravan. The general
style of adventure does not differ from most such
books, and has not, apparently, the odd freshness
of Hans Christian Andersen. We have not had
an opportunity of submitting it to the final verdict
of an intelligent child of the proper age.
but have no doubt it would bear that test very
well. * *
Thb War with Mexico Keviiwro. By A. A. Livermore.
H?ktoo: Crosby a. Nichols. 185(1. For sale by
Taylor A. Maury.
As is generally known, this cssty obtained the
very flattering testimonial of the prize ottered by
the American Peace Society. We are mat
struck w'ftli the untiring care and industry mani-,
fest in every page. Throughout all details, down
to the aptness and reference of the numerous
quotations found in it, each part seems to have
been wrought with most scrupulous pains. The
author's name is a guarantee for the work being
honestly and conscientiously done. The high
moral tone, and the clear, strong, emphatic language,
put it high on the list of similar publications.
If we were to take an exception to anything
in it, it would be to its apparent anxiety to
make out a case, in every singular particular,
against our Government ; and its apparent unwillingness
to see in war itself anything the than
its crime and blood. These are matters of impression,
or qualification, merely. The array of
testimony in this essay is very striking. Almost
every more striking incident is preserved in the
words of the original witness. For this labor, both
the friend and enemy of peace should thank Mr
Livermore. He offers as many features needful
to make up a picture of that event, as could easily
be gathered in so small a volume. And as the
Mexican war was a mere plaything and lullaby
to that civil contest which some men seem adjusting
their nerves to look at calmly, we hope these
timely counsels from a legion of eye-witnesses
will serve to give our people a more distinct apprehension
of t he nat ure of that ukiuui rat to. *
(JoftiTAMca LritttcAT-, ?? th? r?i'???u w Kit***.
Harpers. Fur aai by Fraack Taylor.
Our general indifference towards religious
novels and poor print has not been so far overcome
as to enable us to speak confidently of the
merits of this tale. From what little we know
of it, we are not aware of anything in the thought
or narrative that entitles it to special notice. As
to its professed intention, <l to illustrate the mischief
done by the wily priesthood of Rome," we
submit that fictitious illustration proves nothing
but the author's prepossession, and effects nothing
but an increase of prejudice on either side.
The author says that the " fucts" occurred within
a few years; but he does not state what are
the facts?his argument in the connection being
to vindicate the use of fiction. *
Tub Amhkica.n Poultry Varu Hy D. J. Browne. Large
H too. Pp 3?|.
Text and illustrations are very neat. The
reading matter has some curious erudition, and
seems to comprehend a very full account of the
matter We believe this is the standard work in
this line?of the highest authority, and the best
for a practical hand-book. Its price is seventyfive
cents ; in cloth, a dollar.
For sale at Farnham's. #
Wilmington, February 2.J, 1S50.
To the. E'U'or of the Rational Era :
I attended the " Union Meeting" of the Hunker
Democracy, held last night in the ChineseMuseum,
in the city of Philadelphia. It was a
crowd, indeed?for those who were called were
present, and perhaps tjuite as many more who
were not called. The meeting was to be a curious
one, and curious people went in great numbers to
see the show. The Ptnutyhunuin, edited by the
rejected Mr Forney, had been for weeks oooking
up a crisis for its own purposes, and seducing the
patriotism of the party, to sustain its devotion to
Southern slavery. The 7W?, the other Democratic
paper of Philadelphia, took an attitude of
brave and bold resistance to the movement, and
no the interest and importance of ^ie meetiug was
deepened by every circumstance attending it.
The chair was occupied by Charbs Brown.
Esq, late member of Congress, and the object of
the meeting was stated by him, by reading a
printed address, prepared, hd said, to prevent
mistake and misrepresentation. The proceedings,
embracing the resolutions and sj>e?ches which I
have not yet had the leisure to consult in the
printed form, will come to you in your exchanges,
and you will notice them as they deserve.
I have a word to say about the meeting, induce i
by impressions received at it. F.xcuse the manner?the
lick of method?which great haste and
ether embarrassments impose upon me.
It was a democratic meeting. Its managers were
Brown, Forney, and Page!?tnen who keep no
terms with conscience or constancy, in their prostitution
to the aristocracy which claims men for
property, and mak's the liborer a commodity.
Brown, in his opening address, took the pains to
reproach the North with its whiskey insurrection
and its Shay's rebellion, and affirmed, in flittering
contrast, that no armed bands had ever been
required to control insurrection in the Mouth. He
charged the North with studied, aud persevering,
and intolerable aggressions upon the peace and
rights of the South. He excused the call of the
meeting for omitting Southern fanaticism from the
objects of its denunciation, on the ground that we
must first take the beam out of our own eye, fee
The nullification of South Carolina somehow did
i not affoot the devotion of the Mouth to the Uniou,
because it was the action of only a single State,
but now, all the slave States, from the Chesapeake
to the Rio Grande, are united in one determination
to secede, if the Wilrnot Proviso is pushed
upon them; and, somehow or other, this fact did
not sensibly a feet the Southern devotion to the
Union. It was not exactly in that conneo'ion that
it was urged ; It was In the bugbear department
of the argument that this alarm was employed,
which makes quite a difference in the effect of it
upon those who allow the speaker to draw all the
oonclusiona, ss well as to furnish all the arguments.
I was indebted to him for bis sxplanation of the
call. It was not, scoording to him, to oppose the
Free-Soilers, but the fumuical Free-Soilers, who
are seeking a dissolution of the Union. By fair
construct Ion, t hen, It was Garrison Ism, and not V*n
BurenUm, that ths people of Philadelphia were
invited to denounce. Mr Brown felt the necessity
of compromising so far us to leave the natural in
stincts of Democracy a little liberty to enjoy, and
Home room to avow its lore of liberty, ft wan
rather too ranch, even for Mr Brown, to denoance
Frtt Set/ plumply, without argument or explanation.
Indeed, he and all the spectators who followed
him were taught, by the applause which
greeted every line sentiment accidently uttered,
that hherty is a great word, and Fru Soil a great
fact, in the estimation of Democracy.
Another spenker was Colonel l'age, ex-Postmaster,
and ex-Collector of the Port, and by all
the tender reminiscences of past favors, and all
the hopes of future ones, bound to " the Party."
Prom him we had the M democracy " of a patriotic
speech done up brown. He was born a Democrat?was
brought up a Democrat?hod "flourithed
" as a Democrat, and didn't want to be anything
else but a Democrat. The magic word had
from him its fall force and virtue. In this
respect his exordium reminded me of the proceedings
of the meeting in Lancaster city, something
more than twenty years ago, at which the
Hon. James Buchanan waa made a Democrat.
They began thus (I quote from memory): " At a
Democratic meeting of the Democratic citizens
| of the truly Democratic county of Lancaster.
! held at the Democratic Gardens, the following
Democratic resolutions were unanimously adopted \
by the Democracy then present." One hundred
and forty-four times the words Democratic, Democracy,
and Democrat, occurred in that ceremony
of Democratizing James Buchanan A
rather liberal allowance of the article, you will
allow, but then it was a hard case, and it took a
good deal to do it, yon know.
Colonel Page waa bountiful and brave as usual
in avowing bis own democracy, and he told us he <
would be the same thing if he stood alone against
thousands; and then he proceeded to explain the
enormity of the Wilmot Proviso on the pattern
thought of co-partnership in business, where all
the stock is put in in common, ami entitled to '
equal advantages in the mutual trade He spoke j of
four partners. Himself?yes, himself?stood 1
in the illustration for the owner of slaves; another
man, not named, put in horses; another, !
cowg; and a fourth, musty law books. Well, with
the profits of the trade upon the original invest- 1
ment, a farm is purchased. The owner of the
horses and the owner of the cattle turn in their
cattle to graze, and they fatten well. The lawyer
finds a shade tree, and comfortably pursues
his studies under it; but, horrible to relate, when
he, Colonel Page, the Drmocratic partner, comes
to turn in his negroes, the other partners tell ;
him, " No you don't." The Colonel did not very
fully elaborate the analogy , he did not argue the i !
property question in humanity; he did not take ]
pains to fasten attention upon that point; but the 1
way the audience received the story, notwithstanding
the funny turn given to it, plainly indicited
that the ,tuestion of property in human
flesh, is a question not well enough at tied to (
bring it, for all possible purposes, within the ,
laws of trade.
The Colonel showed some more of the courage
of audacity in one point. He denounced the
Democratic State Convention, held at Pittsburgh,
lust year, as demagogues, and unauthorized intermeddlers
in the question of the Proviso. That (
Convention used this language: "Esteeming it a <
violation of State rights to carry it (slavery) bf- '
yond'State limits, we deny the power of any citi- ;
ks to extend -tfti Tivtc. cf bkbrt'rtkge 'beyond'h* y
preaent domain, nor do we consider it a part of 1
the compromise of the Constitution, that slavery
should forever travel with the advancing column , i
of our territorial progress." This was unanimously
declared, and the candidate named by that
Convention, Mr. Gamble, unequivocally gave his ,
assent to the Wilmot Proviso, and was elected by j
a majority of near twenty thousand votes. The
Democratic precedents crowd the statute books, ]
and the political history of Pennsylvania is one
long chain of testimony to the principles of freedom
in general, and the Proviso in particular. I 1
?... .. *v. t.j -u- l i
oolontu rape umi iuc uaiuiuuuu iu jjruuuuiiur ;
one, the latest instance, a piece of demagoguery ! j
Mr. Tyler (son of the Ex-PresMent) followed.
Mr. Tyler is an orator, a poet, and a gentleman
I admired his style and his elocution, and 1 ad- !
mired the fulness of his Anti-Slavery sentiments
lie spoke of the "men who with honorable feelings
are strongly opposed to the introduction of
slavery into the Pacific Territories," and said distinctly
and emphatically, that he, "for one, did
sincerely hope that no slave, white or black, will
ever he there." He spoke respectfully of " men
who, either in our Legislatures or elsewhere,
either by speech or otherwise, made bold and
manly declarations of such sentiments, hut who
nevertheless, through all, are faithful to their
country and their party." He pressed the avowed
dootrines of the Northern disuuionists upon
the Free-Soilers unwarrantably ; for, without ex- '
actly affirming any acoordance of views and principles,
he made use of such odium as might attach
to the Disunion party, in his general attack upon I
the Proviso men.
His argumentative assault upon the Ordinance '
was, with til respect for the gentleman, a very
decided failure. It was undemocratic, it was
British, it was Federalist, it was consolidation, it
was a violation of the right of self-government, it
maintains the right of Congress to legislate for
Territories not represented in its councils?and.
in a word, he declared that the question is just
that one upon which the war of our Revolution
turned! It seemed strange to me that a man of
Tyler's fine sense could not see the difference between
legislating for Territories before their organixation
as States, before they possess legal or
physical cnpscity for self-government, and over
and against their will after they have acquired
the conditions which nature and Constitutions
alike require. A child's liberty is certainly not
violated by pnrental authority, so long as iu fact
he needs direction and authority. It was still
more astonishing that he bhould denounce that
provision in the Territorial organizations which
has been sanctioned in regular succession by every
Democratic President of the Union, b ginning
with Washington and ending with Mr. Polk.
That a British, Federal, undemocratic principle, 1
which Jefferson, Madison, Monroe Jackson, and
Polk, adopted and endorsed! Mr. Tyler overshot j
himself. 1
I left the meeting before its adjournment. The Ii
thing was getting heavy ; from the beginning it
wunted spirit; there was no element of power in 1
if. Democrats on their marrow hones, trying to '
propitiate their masters, are not in the attitude 1
for vigorous action. '
During all that night, 1 heard not one word for '
labor; not a word for man against capital: not I
one live word for the oppressed of any color or '
oondition. The assemblage was held to conciliate
power.capital,and aristocracy. It was based upon '
an acknowledged ska a ; its avowed purpose was *
( ompromisr. The proud spirit of Democracy was !
bowed into the attitude of bagging, and its aggressive
reforming spirit sunk to the tone of its '
Uv nun oninion is. that the movement thus '
nwi.lt) will only induce more decided resistance to f
Nlnvery wirhin the Democratic party North, and J
that the discussion which it must nwtken will {
tend to the final establishment of the right. I
W. K.
> ?? I
Halifax, JFVA. 23, 9}? P. M. *
The steamship America arrived a few minutes ?
since, from Liverpool. She sailed thence ot. the
9th instant. {
Since the sailing of the last steamer, Parliament tj
has met, the Uueen's spe> ch has l*eu delivered, '[
und in some degree the main features of the pro- c
posed policy or ministers liave iifn atveiopaa.
Both Houses of Parliament were opened by
prosy on the .'tint ult, when the speech from the
throne w t? delivered by the Lord Chancellor. m
We subjoin a summary of the document .
After lamenting the death of the late Uueon
Dowager, and stating in the usual terms that they
are at pet.ee with all foreign Powers, it eays, on
the auhject of the Turco-RuMsian >|ucstion, differences
of a serious character arose iietwem Austria
and Russia on the one hand, and the Sublime
Porte on the other, in regard to the treatment of
the considerable number of persona who, afier
the termination of the civil war in I iung >ry. had
taken refuge in the Turkish territory. Lxplauationa
which took plaoe between the Turkish and
Imperial Porte have fortunately removed any dangers
to the peace of Europe which have arisen
out of the differences Her Majesty, having been
appealed to on this occasion by the Sultan, united
her efforts to those of the Government of France,
to which a similar appeal had been made, in order
to assist, by the employment of her good offices,
! in effecting an amicable settlement of those difficulties
in a manner oonsistent with the dignity
I :_o.......I. Ih. Porte
uu'i 1 uuc|'cumcuuvv v.
The royal speech then goes on to state that the
Governments of America and Sweden had evinced
their desire to cooperate with Great liriiain ou
the anhject of the repeal of the navigation laws;
and, after alluding to some local topica it then
givea a death-Mow to the advocatea of monopoly
of the article of food, as follows
"Her Majesty has great satisfaction in congratulating
you on the improved condition of
com merer and manufactures, it ia with regret
her Majesty has observed the complaints whiob,
in mmy parta of the Kingdom, have proceeded
from the owners and occupiers of land. Her Majesty
generally laments that any portion of her
subjects should be suffering distress; but it ia a
aouroe of sincere gratification to her Majesty to
witaaas the increased enjoyment of the comforts
and necessaries of life which cheapneaannd plenty
I have bestowed upon a great iKtdy of her people
i and country."
< The ehisf measure* recutnmi uJed fron the
' throne are in reference to Ireland, and relate to
he improvement of the p&rtj provision act, and
he laws regulating the relation between landlord
ind tenant.
" In concluaion, her Majestjr hopes and believes
h it by oombining liberty with order, by prcservng
what is valuable and amending what is defecive,
the Legislature will sustain the public iustiutions
as the abode and the shelter of a free and
iappy people."
As anticipated, from the movement recently |
;oing on for the revival of the protective duties
m corn, an amendment to the address from the
lounes of Parliament was moved iu the Commons
>y Sir John Kolope, and in the Lords by Lord
Itandhrooke. The amendment was to the followng
1 We regret, however, to be compelled humbly
o represent to your Majesty, that in many parts
if the United Kingdom, and especially in Irelank,
he various classes of your Majesty's subjects
connected with the cultivation of the soil are laloring
under severe distress, mainly applicable,
u our opinion, to recent legislative enactments,
aggravated by the pressure of local taxation "
This amendment was lost in both Houses by
m overwhelming majority.
The new navigation law is working well ; the
>orts are well filled, and ship building was never
11 ore brisk than at present. It is announced that
he Chancellor of the Exchequer will be about
wo and a half millions plus this year. The minsters
have not yet avowed the line of policy they
nean to pursue in regard to the North American
Colonies; but it is pretty well understood that,
hould those Colonies desire either to become inlependent
States, or to annex themselves to the
Jnited States of America, no opposition will
>e offered by Great Britain to their so doing
rhis feeling is grounded upon the fact that these
Colonies were self-supporting ones. One of the
nost astounding projects of the age, throwing the
American prospectus for a ^b-marine telegraph
from New York to the Isle of Wight into the
ihade. has just been announced in London?the
ormation of a railway from Calais to Mooltan, in
ihe midst of India?distance, thirty-eight hunIrcd
miles, cost. Jtdti,000.000. The efforts of the
rriend? of currency reform are beginning to be
relt, and it is expected that before long a change
n the value of the precious metals will be effected.
Intelligence from Ireland is still more heartrending.
Cultivation seems stagnant, and traders
ire more depressed than in the first of her suff erings.
The tide of emigration to the United
States has again set, but, unfortunately for the
people, this means is not left now to escape from
local tyranny aud destitution.
Serious Disturbances in Paris.?On aud since
Monday, Paris has been in a state of siege, in oonsequence
of a series of disturbances created by
the mob of Rue St. Martin and St. Antoine.
Beyond the fact of this riot, the French news
is not generally of much importance.
Paris, Thursday night.
The city is quiet. The police are Btationed at
such of the trees of liberty as are standing, aud
do not allow loiterers to congregate there.
No fears <^f further disturbances . /tod ere*Reliance
is plaoed on the energy of the Government. I
t*'>V it. iftUC > Flaufflf
openeu at :#r>r. i.?o?cioseu hi i.
Havre Cotton Market?On Thursday, the
sales reached 700 bales, and pricea unchanged.
The escape of Madame Kossuth, and the fact
of her having joined her exiled husband, are confirmed.
The extradition is nearly settled.
Austria has mode a demand for the exiradition
of some Poles, who h ive taken refuge from the
severities following the Hungarian troubles within
the oantonment8 of Switzerland. The Swiss
Government has refused to surrender the refugees,
except in cases where it is clearly proved
that the refugees have intrigued in politics, and
otherwise misconducted themselves. In this position
the cantonments are sustained by the French
Government. England will also, it is supposed,
sustain the Swiss in their position.
Wednesday, February, 2(1, lsfiO.
A bill was reported by Mr. Bradbury, from the
Committee on the Judiciary, authorizing the
Secretary of the Treasury to compromise with one
of the sureties of Samuel Swartwouf, against
whom a judgment had been recovered ; which was
passed, after a short debate.
Mr. Foote moved that the lad lea be admitted
en nranl to the floor If the 8o0at* Chamber, and
(looking around) as he did not see his friend
Pierce present, he trusted there would be no opposition
The doors were accordingly thrown open, nnd
the lobbies were soon filled with an "array of
love and beauty," that was not by any menus disregarded
by grave .Senators.
Mr. Clemens nddressod the Senate upon Mr.
Clay's resolutions, in connection with the motion
from the Senator of Missouri, |Mr. Benton |
He said Mr. Clay's resolutions would never effect
n compromise?but they had deeply wronged
the South. He had lived to see the prophecy
fulfilled, that "the lion and the lamb should lie
down together." Ho had never supposed that
T1 U II ..,1 I Ian.. Old.' tV,..
1UUUIIH II. licuwn iniu iicii.J w...T vuc fli <"?v
" Kxpungrr' nnd the greet " Ktnbodiment"?
wouM ever be found acting in concert upon these
important questions
After such a union ns this, we might be prepared
for anything The Senator from Kentucky
had abandoned the South long since?ho had
withdrawn his powerful influence from her agricultural
interests, and hnd extended it in protection
of Northern Manufactures. His compromise
grants to the North everything they ask,
and gives to the South nothing hut what is already
her own.
The most prominent queetiou now to he settled
is, whether California has power to form a Constitution.
lie contended she h id not the power.
He admitted thnr power to tr chide Shivery, but
here had been no Terrritorial Government in
California, as there had been in all the States
previously admitted?neither hail there#been a
wrisua taken of its inhabitants, it had always
?een held that a census should not only be taken
under the direction of Congreis, but that Contress
should authorise the Convention hold for
ihe organisation of a State Government?and
'urther, if the old States were required to hove n
population of 75,000 inhfthitaats, Congress could
iot admit new States with a population of only
>0,000?and before California could be admitted,
ihe must show that she has within her boundaries
he number of inhabitants required by the old
States, to entitle ber to a Representative. The
p?ople who had taken upon themse-lvcs to form a
.jovi-rnment there were not residents, and had (to
it lout inii nf cult linn iinrmo nnnl 1 v iKarO
Mexican*, Indians, and a(venturers from all
mrts of the worM, had crowded Id (hers In search
>f (tfolrf, and while holding ? temporary residence
[?nly, they had assumed the power of establishing
i perman< nt State (i ivcrnment.
The admission of California would he an AntiJluTcry
triumph, not achieved hy direct enactueut
here, but by the agitation jar thr. va\t trra
truss in the halls of Vonyrfity and Ly thr. Northern
iretty in thus jiuI)jUs and ConVtsUiont. All this nUmi-nt
kid prtvtnled slav.-oKnrri from'migrating
Hy admitting California, the principle that a
parly shall not take advantage of his own
vroog" would be violated He preferred the
Wiluiot Proviso should be passed, rather than
lave the same purpose (fleeted in this clandestine
lie had rather die hy the hand of the robber
in the highway, than by the usstasin who strikes
in the dark.
The Senator from Kentucky was wrong in
mpposing that u compromise was necessary
I'he Constitution was a compromise, uil the
louth was willing to abido by it. They had aleady
inude a compromise, in which they gave
tp one-half their own tights, and there was still
mother call of compromise -and tLis demand
rould still continue, until the Kouth had yielded
There was a remedy for all tb'?, Although periap?
a sesere one The South were not like
Ltutrus nt the rich man's door, but lh<j hud
'ighU, end they would maintain them. The
tonorable Sen a tore from Mjchigan and Kenarky
bad pictured the horror* of war that would
'ollow dioniii ti There w?? no need of this?
hey could sop irate peaceably. " Let there be no
ear between thee an I me, and between thy
lerdamen and my herdsmen.?
Mr. Cam aaid the Senator hail alluded to hia
ipeech on the Wiluiot Prorieo, and had declared
hat he dealt only in "gnnerul principles." He
rould aay, in renly to the honorable Senator,
hat in that speech he had two objeota in eiew.
fine was to show that the Wilmot i'roruo was on:oustitutiuii)il,
And the other, if it was constitutional,
it was inexpedient. He replied to the
charge of the Seuator from Mississippi, |Mr.
I Jar is. | of inconsistency?and if *ny one had mistaken
the terme of the Nicholson letter, it was
lot hia fault
lis spoksat considerable length, anil upon the
[irssem s'ate of the Union He mid he was tired
ind h*irtily sick of the cries of "disunion," and
[he " wrongs of the South," and "the wrongs of
he North" It w.m impossible for the Union to
he dissolved without wai ami ? wir fierce and"
annaturml. lie referred to his present position.
This mat the last time he should ever appear agavi t*
the Hulls of Congress?he had boon abused on all sides,
awl hadbrokm dorm for declaring his opinions.
Mr. Clay, after replying in a complimentary
manner to the sentiments expressed by the Senator
from Michigan, turned to Mr. Clemens, and
good humoredly remarked that the Senator had
compared him and the honorable Senator from
Missouri to the lion an J the lamb?he was fearful
he should not make a eery quiet lamb, and be
certainly had no ambition to be a lion?[laughter
on the floor and in the galleries)?and he would
inquire of the Senator, which of the quadrupeds
he intended to compare him with ?
Mr. Clements To the lion.
Mr Clay suggested to the honorable S-mator,
Lord Bacon's maxim, to learn the facts before he
ventured upou an assertion He asked what evidence
the honorable Senator had of any "scheme"
between himself and the Honorable Senator from
Missouri? Had he a right to apeak of the circumstance
that the honorable Senator had come
around to his seat and held a private conversation
with him, and from that infer that a combination
had been formed between them ?
He protested against members drawing any inferences
or suspicions from the fact that other
members were seen conferring together, either
upon public or private matters. In reference to
California, he Baid the only question now for
Congress to determine is whether their Constitution
is republican or not.
He had heard with great surprise an honorable
Senator declare that the South would, in case the
North pursued a certain course, adopt such and
such measures, " regardless of consequences "
How could any man, with respect to himself, to
his race, hia religion, and his Cod, take any step
" regardless of consequences,}
Mr. Clemens said the honorable Senator had
arraigned him for commenting upon his actions.
He believed it the right of every American citizen
to comment upon every public act of every
public man
Mr. Clay, (interposing) Certainly; but not on
their private intercourse.
Mr. Clemens reverted fo the " Nicholson Letter"
The explanation given by the honorable
Senator to his letter was different from that given
it by his friends in Alabama. Mr. Yancey and
others had been read out of the Democratic party
for construing it as the Senator does himself.
Mr. Davis of Mississippi remarked that he had
put the same construction upon the letter as the
honorable Senator had just given it.
Mr. Foote spoke nearly an hour in reply to
portions of Mr. Clay's remarks in reference to
the combination which Mr. Foote suspected w is
being formed between Mr Henton and Mr CLy.
Whil?hc felt no desire to play the Paul Pry, or
to disclose the secrets of others, yet he should at
all times and in all places not only declare his
sentiments frankly and fully if the public good
required it, but when incidents occurred before
his eyes, which he felt were full of meaning and
importance, he Bhould openly declare and com- |
inent upon them.
He reviewed the course Mr. Clay had pursued
in years past upon the Slavery question. He
re.?d from a speech delivered by Mr Clay in
1 -r og the North of thrii.,^; r,.*rsing
their abolition policy upon the South, aud
\Ai VUfo
the deepest mortification and indignation th it the
entire South felt at the stand Mr Clay had taken
in favor of "their enemies'' He repeatedly
declared that Mr Clay's emancipation letter nnd
his recent resolutions and done more to hasten
thi ruin of the South, and to encourage and
strengthen the Northern iucenditries, than all
the legislation and all other influences put together
for the past ten years.
Mr. Clay replied briefly?saying that he had
no objection to his public acts being criticised,
and his tiublic life reviewed lint be did not winh
suspicions to be cast upon him, nor his private intercourse
invaded. He said he did believe he
| was the best abused man in the country.
Mr. Curs, (manifesting a good-humored sympathy.)
With one exception.
Mr. Clay proceeded to say thnt he had been
bitterly denounced by the abolitionists, who, fearing
he would not have the benefit of their cistigations,
would actually send their papers containing
their articles to him?|Mr Cass, interposing.
" I have a bushel of them, and I can furnish the
honorable Senator when he has a demand for
them''|?and the South too denounced him aa an
Abolitionist. He had heard something said about
"enemies" Enemies! he knew no enemies!
We were all brothers, and let us all be united as
one great family in preserving union and harmony
Tiu'rsday, February 21, 18f>0.
After the usual morning business, Mr. Miller
took the floor on the motion to commit the Constitution
of California, with instructions, ike., and
addressed the Senate till he gave way, without
concluding to a motion to adjourn The
Senate then adjourned over until Monday.
Weunkkdav, February 20, IS.')!).
An unimportant debate arose upon a report
from the Committee ou Commerce, in relation to
a regulation of the Mint of the United States.
After the morning hour, the House resolved
itself into Committee of the Whole on the state
of the Union. Mr. Ray of Missouri got the floor ;
and after making some remarks in relation to the
Presidential contest of 1R JR, and to the present
system of collecting the revenue, he proceeded
more particularly to the consideration of the subject
before the House?California and its Constitution.
Heoould not but ntaervo, in the recent contests
in the House, the feeling that was displayed between
the two sections of the oountry?the North
arrayed against the Month and the South against
the North. His principal ground of complaint
was the refusal of the North to deliver up fugitives.
Many of the States had actually made it
felony for any person to arrest or aid in arresting
fugitive slaves He read from a statute of
Pennsylvania, which provided that " any person
who should nrrest, or aid, or assist in arresting
and sending out of the State any negro or colored
person living within the boundaries of this State,"
&o, should be deemed guilty of felony. [He had
commented with considerable severity upon such
legislation, when a member from Pennsylvania
... - * * ti,.? u i... 1. ..?* - .j ...
nruorj nuu oiuicu Miac irtm utrv rrm vcr/j jmasrn m ,
the sjecml retfu'it of the. St/ite of Maryland?their j
Legislature having, through a committee, waited
upon the Legislature of Pennsylvania, asking the
enactment of such a law?Laughter|
lint he should rote for the r.d/uis.uoa of California ;
and In this declaration he presumed he should
surprise many of his Southern friends, hut he
would my to them, Son-intervention had a I trays
hem t/u Southern Democratic policy, and he should
not give his vote or intlurnoe for the entire subversion
of that principle.
|!!errad extracts from Mr. Calhoun's former
speeches, and also from resolutions of .Southern
Legislatures, as evidence of their uniform adherence
to tbo non-intervention principle j
California would certainly come into the Union
as a free State, and no power could keep it out.
Public opinion and public custom required its
admission. The Convention that framed the
Constitution of California was composed of fortyeight
members, of which twelve were natives,
twenty Northern men ami sixteen Southern men.
Every member fioni the Southern Stales voted is favor
of thu or/ale excluding Slavery from the State.
Mr. Stevens of Pennsylvania followed in a
speech which will he reported in our next.
Mr. Uuel of Michigan addressed the House
for an hour upon the recognition of Hungary.
Thursday, FnmrARY !^l, lb.Vi.
A bill was renorted from the Committee udoii
Public Expenditures, granting 100 acres of the
public domain to bend* of f.uniiica and widows of
permanent occupant* of territory. After considerable
debate, it was ruled out of order.
The iiouae then went into Committee of the
Whole on the state of the Union, and
Mr. Hiaeeli of fUinois addressed the House
upon the Hlgvery Question, in a speech that will
be given in full hereafter.
M r. Wintbrop neat obtained t be floor, and after
waiting some minutes until order w is restored, he
procewled to address the House, and ccoupied the
most of the hour in personal explanations and in
replying to charges utado against him by the Abolitionists
in genernl, And Mr. Root in particu
lar. fie said he had remained silent thus far,
during the session, for various reasons lie bad
waited until the storm that had raged and howled I
so fetrfully had aomewhat subsided, and had
waited patiently until the cool and calculating
voice of the >(orth might be beard. It had scorned
to be the settled purpoee of c<-r<Hin gentlemen of
that House to drag him into debate, whether he
would or no. He had scarcely arrived at this
Capitol, when he found he was assailed by the
Democratic journets a* an Abolitionist-, and on
his right, the gentleman from Ohio | Vlr Hoot]
had charged him with being an enemy in disguise,
while the member on his left, from Tennessee,
| Mr. Johnson.| had charged him with having
parked the Committees when Mpeaker. Rut these
charges would naturally be expected from the
position he occupied , hut no charges and no
taunts could drive him from it He abhorred ultra!
sm?he was no agitator. With regard to Mr.
Koot*s resolution, (introduced end laid on the
table this session,) hs regarded it as mischievous
in its consequences, ami equally mischievous in
its desigos. It was offered at a wrong hour, and
at an improper time i sod, he would speak plainly.
the Nitftb ought not to have been mBn upon
to show their bands at (hat time. For the salts
of Ckpfsm, and beiog ahead of the music,
the honorable gentleman from Ohio would endanger
the Union, and destroy the very Interests he
f>retends to protect. II' did i.o> vote upon that reso- '
Hiton, became U would hate been so convenient for the | |
purposes of the honorable geiitlnian from Ohio to ]
| have had his name on record against the Wilmot Proj
viso. The honorable gentleman would hare found 1
it a goo* defence in the little trouble he had fallen 1
; into in hie own district for toting against htm for \
Speaker ; and he would use the language of the ,
honorable gentleman from Ohio, spoken in refer|
ence to the Presidential election. "bethought it
a game at beet, and he neither wanted to cheat
nor be cheated, and therefore he did not rote at
| all" If "the Wilmot Proviso was killed in the
house of its friends," its death would lie at the
door of the honorable gentleman from Ohio 1
There was a little squad in that House that pretended
to be the special advocates of those great
I principles. He denounced in bitter terms the
. entire press of the Abolition party. He intended.
; at some future time, to speak more particularly
! upon the subject before the House, but he would
then take occasion to Bay,
1st. That he was in favor of the admission of
j California.
2d. That Slavery could not exist in the Territories
without positive enactment, and he should
oppose its extension.
3d. He thought the only compromise that could
be effected was that recommended by the Presi- (
dent, anl he should use his influence to sustain it. i
Monday petition day in the House, and
; the only thing of interest was the presentation of
i a petition by Mr. Giddings, for the dissolution
[ of the Union. It was rejected, only eight voting
j to receive it
Tuesday, the House resolved itself into Com- I
: tu it tee of the Whole on the state of the Union, I
and Mr. Millson of Virginia concluded his
remarks on the Slavery Question. The Comn
ittee then rose, and the House adjourned at two
t'c'ock, to attend the funeral of Gen. McNeil.
The Senate went iuto Executive session Tuesdiy,
and then adjourned at two o'clock, for the
reason stated above.
Monday's proceedings we attend to in another i
The number of slaves in the United States is
much exaggerated in Congress. One member
said, the other day, that it was four million
General Cass, in the Senate, remarked that between
line! and four millions were held in bondage
in this country.
The slave population in 1840 amounted to
2,487,35.1. Its ratio of increase from 1S30 to 1840
was 24 per cent. Allowing the same ratio for the
ten years ending in 1850, and the slaves at the
end of .uree years will number 3,0084 320.
For reaspns which we have,not time now Ip
e?'vfe, we think the estimated ratio is rather high.
! so that it iji probable the nex^ wjJl show *
slave population of not quite three millions.
t rum the <'orreA|xmdea ? uf the Jouroxl of Commerce.
Washington, F'hrunry 22.
i It is IxTlVotlv certain I lit.I H irct? U. h..cii .
made her? between Sir Henry L. Bulwer and the
Government of the United States, respecting the i
Nicaragua question. <
A friend, on whom reliance can be placed, has (
seen the document, with all the official sianatures
attached. ,
It provides for the restoration of Tigre island ,
to its former owners.
It fails to recognise the proceedings of both Mr. \
Squier and Mr. <Chat field. (
it also provides that neither England nor the i
United States shall exercise sovereignty or jurisdiction
within the Central American States.
It agrees that Grey I own (late San Juan Nicaragua)
shall be a neutral or free port, as well as
unoiher port on the Pacific, at the weatern terminus
of the route
It also provides that the canal shall be neutral
and open for the investment and transit trade of
all nations, under suitable regulations it is suid
the treuty went out to England in the Europa
pirrsbtirwh Saturday Visitk*.?Mr. lliddle,
the associate formerly of Mrs. Swiashelm In the
management of this paper, has withdrawn his
namo, and William Swisshelm takes his plaoe.
The paper has made itself widely felt; and this
year, having secured Mrs. Southworth, Dr. Elder,
W. H. Burleigh, unl TV W. Bartlett, as cont-!V...t
it will l.. l.i.?_?i 1 ?
u luuiuin, ib nan uc un/ru iuirri'aimg uuu unciui
than ever.
14vjiKJ'oou, February 9, 1859.
Intelligence from the inanufocturing diHtrirtn
in still flattering, and late uocounts from iudia
warrant the anticipation of increased orders from
that quarter.
The money market is rather depressed. The
bullion in the bank bus slightly decreased. The
rate of discount is from 2 to Si per cent. Consols
closed at 0"1 a 95^-e for money.
American securities are in fair request at
steady prices. Buenos Ayres stocks hare advanced
5 per cent.
Cotton Market.?During the previous fortnight,
cotton had fluctuated, and, after various
alterations in prico, the market settled down to
the quotations per Europe, viz: Orleans 7'b,
Mobile 7, fair Upland 7. Sales of the two weeks
reached 99,500 bales, of which >6.000 American
were taken on speculation.
The cotton market is depressed Flour is not j
much inquired for, and prices have fallen from It.
to ) s ti'l. per bbl. on good brands.
Indian corn has receded eiipence per quarter 1
on yellow, with the tendency still downwurd. '
The frost hss disappeared, and continental ports 1
are now shipping.
American Provisions.?The market has im- 1
IJaoon, good new western, has advanced one or *
two shillings per cwt.
Lard has again declined. *
Pork is in demand, but at unchanged prices
Cheese, for low qualities, is much inquired fur; J
but no advance has yet beeu made.
Tallow is sixpence per cwt. lower.
Freights are steady, but the demand is light.
Hai.T'mokk, February 25, 1850. -j
The steamer's news had rather a depressing ?
fleet, and sales are 150 barrels Howard Street p
flour at $4 60and 500 barrels at f4 62^. No
sales of City Mills, iiales of some very pretty a
white wheat at *1 20. Sales of white corn at 4*
a 50 cent", and yellow at 50 a 51 cents. Oats, 33 C
cents, and scarce. It
Ii"f CiittU.?The offering* at the scales reached I
only 670 head, of which 550 Were told to city a
butchers ; balance left over. The stock very fair, 0
and prices ranged from }2 60 to 53 75on the boof, ?
equal to 55.50 a *7 25 net, and averaging f3 25
gross. Hogi ura selling at 55 50.
, n
I lure I* In Ho?t?n a Tailoring K.Ubtlahment tliAt tinploys
One* thuu.aii l operAtlrcA iu making Oarmant*, iiai (
br.uubta In evarr aectli? of tin country, anil wltim* aaIm
ain iHUt to iut.r? than half a million ami'.ally. Two exDre.ad
?r? miiuUnfly employed In carrying good* to (b? retail eu?toiaer*.
OAK HALL, Hoi/ori, la the name ?f thle large f
kill flourUhing (J lotting Houae It bu rum to tta preient
ponltion l>y fumlnbtng good* at u imull p/oltt I
fTMIKtt K la perhape u4 dinette, with which our country la k
1 alxtM, wbleh aweepe off annually ao many vlcttma, aa p
that t?ll deetroyer of tba human ra?e, j,
What a rait amount of aulT-rinf might b? aaved tha human
family, If they would but avail Iheu.eelvee In leaaoii of the
remedies which natwr* baa prov ded fur h?r children, and ,
which nulenre hae reduced to auch a forui aa to lie within the t
ravh of ail Kar He It from ua to tamper wltb tboaa who are
mff. ring with thle gainful diaeaaa. In offering you a n ine
dy, we do n?t aak yon to relyupm the repreaentaii?a of
th we who wight he ai'tuated by aelArb and pecuniary m?- r,
tivea, hut we five you the deliberate teetliuony of emue of ^
Ilk' moat re*peetoble phyrtfllana, that
haa eatahllahal for llaelf a reputation that cannot In- availed
l>r William A Ntiaw, of Waeblntton, North bsrullus,
wrllea, under dale of May I, IWI, tf fbllowe
" 1 hare hcuril of mvnjr cimim of <l?ci'lml LcnoA*
elal effect* fr-un lie net, specially in eathma and rliroulo J
rough of apaeiMo-li* character. I have uaed
a gn at deal In predict, tnd with marked good reeult* In
thoae raaea of great nervoiia molilllly end Irritability te
which pfitliialraT palieute are rubje-t I bare no doulA It U
the b-?t for? In which the elfecte of Hrueelr Add may be
bail M a sedative eh the o me'i'iili m, without d-uiger to the j
i -1.1 hveiy one knew* the reputation of the T Iirpeutlne
end Hal-am conelitueiile In protracted cough" The eomhl
n?tlon of ihe?e principle* III WltiTAR'N RALHIM Iif'
Wll.lt I'll Hit It Y I* Ingenious aad iudteloii*
" bled leal men are Juatiy dletreatful of patent Medletnea
III general, but eambir uiuet dtarrimlnate batwaen outrageous
noetruma and bumbuge, and tboee madh I nee which
here proven ealutory, eat to many weil-attoeted eaaea curative
None genuine nnU** elgned I BtlTTH on the w*ap|iev.
Frio* one dollar per bottle, or elk bottlea for Ave do Hare |
or eala by K H. PATTKKHON, Waablngton, l> t' .and
Ungglat* geiirrally,everywhere Feb
Ij- Looking oyer our Prospectus for IS49, we
thought we coulii not lo better thsn embody the
larger portion of it, with some amendments, in
the form of a New Prospectus for 1S.">0. which we
here subjoin Those of our editorial brethren
who may choose to notiro it. will confer a faeor
that Rhall be reciprocated.
rPHK NATION Al. KKA is an Antl-Slavsry, Political.and
U'srary Newspaper.
A brief of the principles and measures we are
prepared at al I proper 1 me* to sustain, will serve to show the
character an.l course of the Era. <
We holdThat
Slavery Is repugnant to Natural Right, the Law of
Christianity, the Spirit of the Age, and the eceenttaJ nature
of our Repubiiean lnatitutsona:
That Emancipation, without compulsory expatriation, is a
high duty, demanded alike by Justice and Expediency:
That there is but ont safe and effectual mode of abolishing
Slavery; au<l that is by law, to be enacted by the Stats* in
which it agists:
That Slavery ean have no lawfnl being in Territory under
the exclusive jurisdict ion of tba United States
That Congress is bound to txcluds it fr>tn all Territory
now belonging cr that may hereafter belong to the l.'ailed
of one l-anguage ">d on* Civilisation, the medium or tree
Trade, among the numerous Stale* and Territories ?ir?"b
ing from the At Untie to the Pacific shore* ?f this ' oMHtvM
a* the Kefuge of suffering milUoit* frem the till !* * ' art
a Safeguard against it* Aratdtiw an I Intrigue. U of pvw
lea* ralo* to the 'au*e of Human Progress and that than/
U enough intelligence and virtue ta it* ataUn ta eat,a
gui*h Slavery, the tingle cause that disturb* ita ka>t * -?
larattadttaiMrftea.aUejta-ibn gaud, aattfcr-aima-,1* *c
billty i
That th* Federal Constitution ought ta he *a aaaoateil aa
to plane the election of a Pre# deat ta the head* ef 'to \V
pie, directly, and to limit hie torta of odtov ta i af y?i.r?
making him thereafter Ineligible; and to ta ? I fuvtW
amended eo a* to give to the People ?f the vera Mtin tbe
election of their United State* Senator*, chargtag tbe term
of office from at a to four year* :
That the Poet tXBee Department ought to he ee;*rau l
from the Chief Executive, the Postmaster t?en?-r?l an I all
the local Postmasters being elective hy the People. and t, *
power of removal for jiut and aufficient cauae lodged la th':
hand* of the Postmaster Ueneral :
That postage on all newspaper*, of a certain site, for at
distances, should be one cent; on all letter*, under half an
ounce for all distance*, two cent* prepaid; that t he frank it g
privilege should be abolished; and negotiations be instituted
for the purpose of securing free exchange* within reasonable
limit*, between the newepapere of Kurope and the I'nited
States, and a reduction to the lowest point possible in the
postage on Utter* pMsiug between foreign countries end onr
That the public land* shall be held a* * trust for the henstit
of the People ef >V \VM?d Stat#*, to be rloc.urd
ted ijnantltiee to actual settler* wbo are Until?**:
T' at the bora-stog^ t- be ?:taip6A3= cxkcc-txe
sutlou for debt:
Tbat reatrtetions on commerce among the several States,
uid between all nations, ought to be removed :
Tbat Congress ought to tnabe due appropriations for improvement*
demanded by the interests of commerce with
foreign nations, or among the States, provided they be not
purely local in their benefit*, ami be not proper aubjecta for
itate or Individual ?mterpri?e.
In maintaining our view*, w? *ball fearleaaly u?e the
right*, while we re*pe*t the courtcMtoa, of Free Diaeuaaion,
"needing to those who may differ from u*, what we claim for
)ur*eiyea, the credit of boneat motive*.
Such report* of the proceeding* cf? ongreaa will be given
i* will oonrey a correct idea uot only of lta action, but of ite
ipirlt and policy. *
We hare lately completed ouch arrangement* for tbe Forrion
Corhbihondknck of the Era, aa will make It at leaat
<*l<tal In value and intereat to that of any Journal in tbe
Ample provlalon baa been made for lta LiTRaaaY Dspart
John O. Whittibr will continue CorreapomJing Kditor
I>r. Wii.i.iam Kt.dkr and Hurry B. Stanton, author of
Mo 'cm Reforms and Reformers, and other writer* of
merit, will contribute I'blloaophiaal, Hiator cal, or Critical ^
Mr*. Soptii worth, Martha Kt'cari i., and Mary Irvino,
will furniah Moral Talea and Sketch)a; and aa to the
Hat of Pontic a i. Contributor*, nothing more need be
aald, than that It will be, what it haa been.
Having thua made ample arrangement* for theOenerai
Department* of the Pajier, we thall devote ouraelTt* more
particularly to Anti-Slavery and Political Hlecuealons, tak
lug care to keep our reader* adviaed of all Important reform
movemeut* and current event*.
Term*? two dollar* per annum, aUrayt payable in advance.
Kvtry iiibecriber renewing hi* ?ub*crlptlon, and aendlng
11* two N KW *ub*crlberi,*balt hare tbe three eople* for fire
All communication*, on buaineaa of tha Era or for publication,
abould be addreiaed to
" ?IHinOTI>N, I', t/ , iftfimprr 44, IHiU.
The friend of Youtb will be Issued on the first of every
month, in quarto form, H page*, on flue paper, In Beat, new
l)pe, and with tasteful embellishments.
Our object will be to make the paper an attractive companlon
for Youtb. While we pleaae, we iball alio aim to
form their tastes. In edditiou to agreeaiile Stories, lessors
on Natural History, Descriptions of Natural Scenery,
Sketches of Travel, and Notices of New Hooks for children,
wo shall oonvnrae with them, in language adapted to their
comprehension, about the important event! of the present
era. We know this is not usually done iu sunk publications,
but we think we do not mistake the taste or capacity of
young people, when we suppose tbem to feel tome interest
in the world they live lu, beyond Ibe nursery, the schoolroom,
and the play ground, it shall also be our care to inMerest
them on all great subjects connected with the wtlljolng
of mankind, f reedom, I'eace, and Tetnperanoe, shall
eoelve our earnest advocacy. Teaching our readers to
lympatbiis with the oppressed, end weep with the suffer
ng, we bops to awakeu In tbem e generous abhorrence of all
rrottg. and an earneet love and reverence for all that Is just
iui iiiin : A.fii 1_ whiltt thin ih?miJnatin?r fleet iianutitt nt Lupii Li
tan, w# nan nut forget the supreme obligation* due to tli?
reat F ather and Benefactor of all.
We hope to succeed In adapting our paper to all age* of
outb ; *o that while the elder brother* and Inter* have a
ill ihar* of our attention, the llttl* one* (ball not be forotteii.
They are our apeolal favorites, and aball be cared
jr accordingly.
To eeonre variety of entertainment, w? have engaged, a*
egular coutrlhutor* to our co'utnni, *everal well known and
tstlnguished writer*, peculiarly <|U?l:fled to uiluiater to the
'ant* of Youth. Among thain, * areat litierty to name?
S. Arthur and Emma It. K. N. Mouthworth. In ehort,
r* hope to make the papt r Juat *urh a " Friend " a* young
eople will be glad to *ee, and lorry to part with.
A* tUia I'm*pentu* may reach many of th* former friend*
nd patron* of the " Youth'* Monthly Vteller," a paper
rhlch w* **tahll*hed and edited for nearly three year*, at
liii'ltiuatl, we cannot forbear eapraaeiug the great pleaaure
' will give tit to renew our former Intercourse with tbera.
'he little ohildren who then received the "Viilter" a* a
i*l*oin* guest, are now almoet grown up men and women
iut they will pcrbap* Ami aome little brother or ilateror
Lintln to whom they may introduce ua a* an old friend.
The hr-t iiutul>er will be l**ued on the Arnt of November.
The terme will be?Afty eent* a year for a alnglr copy ;
v? copie* for two dollar*; or, evary petion forwarding n*
?ur name*, with two dollar*, ihall be entitled toon* copy
It I* drelrable that the name* of subscribers be *cnt In
1th ae little delay a* poe*ible. All eummunloattcne must
addressed to?
MKS. M. L. BAILEY, WuiMngten, I). O.
rHK *ubecrlberi offer their aervi.iee to pereon* wishing fa
obtain patcuU in the Lulled htste* or In foreign Sounrle*
an t will prepare apeelfloatloaa and drawings, and taha
II necessary itepa to eecur* a patent.
From Ibelr long apart time aa or net leal mechanic*, added
o a thorough knowledge of the ratnit l aw*, and aoijualnt...u
.1,1. tl.. .... t - . I. ?t.k lh. 0...,. ?f ,k.
'atrnt Office, thry iruat thvjr will be able logiee aatiafectlon
?their atnployere, both in the oleernee* end prtainiou of
heir epeclllnatlona, end la the proniplare* Hid ability
rilh which they t ramus t all bnalnrfe IntrnalM to them.
I'eraou* rrrldlng at adiatauoa may prooitra all nrrexiary
iformatlun, hare their buetneaa trammeled, end obtain a
afent hy writing to tha enheoribera, without Incurring tha
ineuae of a pereonal attendance at Waabiagtou.
Modelecan ha aant with perfectenfaty by tha r ipreeaea.
Kongb aketshea an I Jaasrlptluna oan be aant by mail
KorealJeiicaof thetreompetettre awl Integrity .they would
epactfully rafar to all thoaa for whom thay hart trauaitail
lettara muatba poatpald.
ttlBee on V alrwet.oppoalte tha Patent Office
JnaeT. K. H. RKN WICK.
\ TTOKNKY an-t Comiocllor at lutw, ami Oanaral Land
a Agent, Kalla of St. Aatboay, MluneavM Territory.
Oat. II ? y
VmUr the care of Dr. C. Haelz,
MONTINUKM to ba opro for tba reception of Inrallde.
' Many luip'oieUMiita hare been addrd, for tha ootuforl
ibd aoc.uitmn.latl m of patianta. ThU, together with tha
niocaaa during ala yaara of eatertencr, anahlaa Ur. Una la to
|iva tha aaaaraaae to tha public that bla eetabiiebueat abnll ,
till aott'laua lu merit the potxoaaga of thoaa who nay place
balneal eta malar hie earn
Tha location la retired ami plaaeaat, a Milt ami a hair aaat
J Kamaaaallla J im daily luUroonraa between Pitlaburgh
iml bruwuavilla, with bonte, afloide aaay aaaaaa Cram tha
iouth ami Weat.
Sit towala, two cotton ahaata, three ra iut rta, and Una a for
wadagea. are aauaaaary to undergo tha t real me lit
Tartar. ?li dollare par weeh. taayable weakly
Tab 31 m
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