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THE NATIONAL ERA.
(J. BAILEY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR; JOHN G. W H IT T I E R, C 0 R R E S PON D1 N G EDITOR. & VoirIV?NO. 12. WASHINGTON. THURSDAY, MARCH .21, 1860. WHOLE NO. 168. Tli* National Km U Pabltahed Weekly, Seventh ! Street, appealM Odd Fellewi' Hall. TOJtt. Two d >llars p?r annum, payable w advanca. Advert isements not exoeeding ten lines Inserted three times for one dollar; every subsequent inner-i tion. twenty-five cents. All communications to the Era, whether on tiusineM of the paper or for publication, should he addressed to G. Bailby, Waskmfta*, D. C. BUSLL a BLAH .'HAHI), PKINTBKS. THE NATIONAL ERA. WASHINGTON, MARCH IS, 1850. (COPY-BIGHT SBCI'BBD.) THE MOTHER-IN-LAW. A STORY OK THE ISLAND ESTATE. BV MBS. BMMA H. K. SOUTHWOBTB. HOUR SECOND. III. A KAKLOH XTOKM _ I H?l ? wu m>t tbfcf blia l. i>?pri???u7iP?*e, A wjr<l e?a kindle aixl a wurd axxuagc, Hut The deep workings of a auui unmixed With aught of pity where Itn wrath had ttxed Byron. Mrs. Armstrong reached her chamber, and by a peal of bells brought Kate Jumper to her presence? "Have Mr. and Mrs. Stuart-Gordon left the shores of the Island yet ?'' 44 Yes, madam !'' " How loug since ?" "An hour, madam !" " Do you know what direction they took ?"' 41 Up the rirer toward the falls, madam !*' 44 It is too late and too far to recall them. You may go!?stay !' ?" MadamP' - " %"Go into Mrs. Stuart-Gordon's room ami pack up her wardrobe. We return to Mout"t?ry*iai to-night!" 41 Yes. madam!" " And, ohterve f be silent upon this matter !'' 41 Yes, madam !" "When you hare completed the packing of Mrs. Stuart-Gordon's wardrobe, return hither to pack up my own ! Go P And thus dismissing her attendant, the lady seated herself in stern calmness by the window, and took out her knotting. The tall mulatto stalked on to the apartments of the bride, to execute her mistress's orders. The suit of apartments appropriated to Louis and Louise consisted of one bed-chamber, between two dressing-rooms, and connected with them. The dressing-room assigned to Louise was fitted up in the most costly and elegant style. It was a front room on the second floor, and its two tall windows overlooked the terrace, lawn, river, the opposite bank, and the bride's own home, Mont Crystal Between these two high front windows hung a tall cheval mirror?and the windows and the mirror were curtained and festooned with blue silk and white lace, tied up with ribbons, and wreaths of violets. The carpet on the floor and the paper on the walls were of fhe same color and pattern?blue violets running over a white ground. The bureaus, wardrobes, dressing-tables, 4*c, were all of that beaulfful white satin wood that looks so much like ivory. When Kate Jumper stalked into this room, she found it alrendy occupied by a little, old, short, thick-set negrcss, who was not employing herself by setting the room in order, but amusing herself by trying on one of her young mistress's exquisite little French hsts, and viewing with much self-satisfaction the effect of the soft white velvet and delicate white plumes surrounding a face black, shining, senuied, and wrinkled as a dried prune! This was Seraphina, the wife of Apollo, and the nurse and waiting maid of all the Mistresses and the Misses Stuart-Gordon for the last fifty years?now the personal attendant of Louise. "Good morning, Mrs. Jumper!"' said the seraph, laying off the white hat and feathers indifferently. Kate Jumper disdained to answer, except by a short nod, and, striding up past the Abigail, she took the hunch of keys from the dressing-table, aud began to unlock the bureaus? " What tire you going to Jo, Mrs. J umper ?" The mulatto Jid not think it worth while to reply, ' I say there! 1 say there! don't tech them Brisales laces and rihbons! I never "low anybody to tech urn but myself! 1 say! why don't you /i?ir in? ! why don't you s'op ? Are you criuy? Stop o' rntnmidgin' my missis'# thingumies?will you T Here, give me the keys! I never seen sich impidence in all my life! ^ ou must be cracked! Here! gim roe them keys!" and, running and waddling towards her, the little woman possessed herself of the disputed keys with a sudden jerk. Kate Jumper, without speaking, quietly held out her hand to get them again. Seraph huggrd them under her fat chin with both hands. With a silent but peremptory gesture, the mulatto started to her feet, and demanded their return "1 won't! I shan't! Set you up with it, indeed ! Kuramidgiii my young missis's drawers! You dont look like the moe' honestest person in the worl' no how ! / don't know nuflin bout your correcter." With a quiet, quick dart of her hand, the mulatto gripped her talons around the throat of Seraph, and choked her until she grew full in the face, and dropped the keys; then, druwing her towards the door, she silently thrust her out. closed the door, and locked it on the inside. All this passed so quietly that ons in the next rouiu wuuki urn nine Known wnm Wfi8 on ' S?rAph, on the floor out?iJe the door, convulaed, heaved, spluttered, sneezed, coughed, and recovered herself? " The Lor' a massy upon me ! DU is wuss 'an de landin' o' de British ! I say in dere ! you nonition! I'd holler murder, only I wont make a 'fusion to sturb de family! But I'll have you put in jail for "salt and batterin' me! an' for abreuk'.n' open of my missis's drawers! Oh, you won't speak ! Never you min1! you'll see! you good for nofhio' poor white aum's darter yon?" There' that was the most insulting taunt a pure-blooded Virginia negro could cast upon u mulatto 1 Aud, having spent the force of her fury on this last eipletive, Seraph gathered herself up and waddled down stairs, leaving Kate Jumper to go on with her packing. Kate pursued her task until she had completed it, even to the strapping of the trunks, and then, taking with her the bunch of keys, she went out of the room, locked the door to prevent the reentrance of her antagonist, Seraph, and took the keys to the chamber of Mrs Armstrong She found that lady still seated at the window, knotling with apparent composure. 41 Hsve yon done 7" " Yea, madam, everything is packed and ready, and Mrs. Stuart-Gordon's shawl and hat are laid out upon the bed for har to near. Here are the keys" " Very good! I shall keep my room until dinner. When Mrs Stuart-Gordon returns, let her know that I expect her here. Now go !" And she went en very qaistly with her knotting. By no outward aign oould the moat suspicions and aente observer have detected the fell dstemination of this pilileas mother I There she sat by the open window, watching the Bummer nun slowly decline, unmindful, unoonacinus of the resplendent beauty of the scene stretched out before her?a landscape whose gorgeous glory would have caught the breath from any other beholder. There she sat, watching the gun's splendid descent, impatient for its setting, which would bring Louis and Louise home, and hasten the hour of her departure with her daughter?the hour of her vengeance. There she sat. resolved, though knowing how much Louiseloved Louis?aye, and latins her for thus loving him? knowing bow this separation would torture Louise, and taking a secret and diabolical pleasure in the idea of the torture?smiling grimly to herself at the thought of this separation ! smiliug grimly at the thought thnt Louise should suffer lor having thus transferred her affections?that Louis should be agonized for having won from herself this love?that General Stuart-Gordon should l>c humiliated for having doubly mortified her, in the disappointment of ner ambitions projects both for herself and her daughter. This signal seywrrtvixra and ita cause would lay his pride in the dust ! For herself, was too really ami essentially i proud to care what construction might be put < upon her actions. She sat there, stern, erect, res- i c4?te,- detwmtMtl,. but eal*nr ejcp'-Viheo iWA- J sionaily that diabolic il grin distorted her features, I going on with her knotting without- (troppingbooe I stitch or missing one mesh. I At last, when the snti had sunk behind the i mountain, and when the slanting shadows had stretched quits across the river, darkening the i whole scene, a rap was heard at her door, and soon after Kate Jumper entered? i " Mra. St uart-G onion has just returned, madamx i and is coming up to her roo\p to change her dress i for dinner. Let me have the keys" " Did yon deliver my message to her T" " Yes. madam; hut she prefers to dress first." " Louise pays very little regard to my wishes since her marriage," thought the mother, bitterly, i then she said, " Go and tell Mrs. Stuart-Gordon that 1 am waiting for her here." The woman had scarcely left the room ltefore the light step and clear voice of Louise was heard tripping and singing tip the stairs, a merry, Ihrilling quadrille air. The dancing and the singing abruptly ceased as she reached the door of her i mother's apartment, tad rapped before venturing to enter. i "Come in, my daughter!"* wild the voice of t'ne i lady, in kinder tones than these she usually employed in speaking to her child, or to any one else in fact. 1 Louise opened the door softly, and entered the i room. i " You have a very unladylike manner of enter- i ing a house and ascending a flight of stairs, my daughter. I am pleased, however, that your bois- i terousness moderated a little as you uearcd my ! door." 1 " Dear mother, Louis loves to see me merry? I encourages me to be wild?and indeed 1 lately have a tendency that way, so that I sometimes I forget you " "Oh, I have no doubt in the world that you forget me. 1 was not that, however, of which I wished to speak to you. Come and sit by nty side, Louise." The girl took the indicated seat, the footstool !ll ner motncra tect, on'j, inytrig nvr snun uver her mothers lap, looked up into her face, to gee what she was about to say? " Do you lore mo, Louise ?" asked the lady, in a serious tone. " My dear mother ! would you ouly hi me lore you J" " Yet for a month past you hare neglected and forgotten me for a comparative stranger." This was partly true, as under nil the circumstances it was wry natural. This was true, nud Louise could not deny it. She was conscimcestrickcn and pricked to the heart. She was silent. "Yes! my child has eea ed to love inc?my i child has forsaken her mother for a comparative stranger!" , Louise hung down her fair head, and the tsars began to gather in her eyes aud roll down her cheeks. " My child, thr.t I Sore t.nd nursed?that I brought up and educated?that 1 never would send from me, even to sleep?my only child, has ceased to love me. The tears of the daughter were falling fast. She was subdued by the thought that her mother?her proud, lof:y mother?should bend thus a supplicant for a share in her child's heart. "Yes. she had ceased to love her mother her mother, whose whole and sole thought has been for her welfare alone." Louise, filled with remorse, had no power of replying. " Yes, she has ceased to love me; me, who re- i majned through nil the best years of my life unmarried for hrr sake ; she has ceased to love me. and i nm desolate?a widow, childless, and desolate." Here, with her deep knowledge of human na- 1 tare, she purposely touched a chord at which the brides and the iltinyh/rrs heart vibrated to the I quick. With the one idea of the young wife, the i one idea of wedded love, tilling her tnind, she sud- 1 denly recollected that her mother was?a hirloir, 1 ami her whole soul filled with an overpowering tenderness of love and pity, and casting her arms around her mother, she exclaimed? I " A vidowf Oh, my dear, dear mother, forgive I me that I never thought of that before ! A ttulotrf I Oh, my mother, I never knew how much sorrow 1 was in that word before. A nulom! Oh, iny poor mother, how much, indeed, you must have 1 suffered! A virion! Oh, may the Lord in mercy preserve me from ever becoming 1 tnJoir ! " And a shudder ran through nil her frame. < "Ob, my dear mother. I do love you, will love you, all that you will let me. It is xrwt to be * permitted to love you so, mother " j Mrs. Armstrong soothed and caressed her child. < Had this tenderness in the mother been a cus- i tonnry. thing, it would not then have possessed x such all-suhdulog power over Louise. It was the I long desire I. unhoped l#ve. that, suddenly tnani- s festing itself, completely subjected the will of the daughter. t And Mts Armstrong pressed her to her bosom, smoothed back her golden hair, and kissed her t snowy brow, while Louise would murmur softly "Oh, it is so sweet to have you love nie so, mo'h'r?moth'T lingering over the last word, I " slowly, with ineffable tenderness. t Suddenly, Mrs. Armstrong said to her, very l gravely? I "Now my daughter. I have something very serious to say to you." "Say it, iny dear mother " ] "Louise, I hare been insulted, outraged" "Insulted! outrnged!" repeated Louise, looking i up in aatouishment. " Yes. my daughter ' "iusulted! yoxi" she exclaimed, raising herself up in a sitting posture, and gazing at her mother in amazomeut; mother, you ' Who has dared ?" "General Stuart-Gordon . no less n person' "General Stuart-Gordon!" reiterated Louise, in stupefied wonder " General Hltwrt'Goriion.1 I "He! Mother, I am thunderstruck ! Mother, < am I awake? Shake me. mother." " You are awake, Louise "And sane !?am I sane, mother ' I " And sane, Louise." "It seems to me that I hare the nightmare! I 1 wish I could rouse myself. General Stuart ' " My dear child, listen; 1 will tell you all uliout if General Stu art-Gordon informed me yewler- < day that he was about to be married " < " To be married !" I " My dear child, pray ceane thcae vexation* I -*?et ??'>*? Anil liutiin ?nl? I r?tiniuiiuijr rtjmiinwun, ???' ? -*" 7 he informed me he wan about to l?e married to Hritannia O'Riley " " Britannia 0 Riley ! what! Brlghty coming here? Oh" "Once more. Mrs. Stuart-Gordon?I mean my dear Louiae?I moat entreat you to reaae repeating ray words; it impedes nn<l etnl?arrtute?w m*. Well, General Stuart-Gordon infi>rme<i me. a* I "aid, of his approaching marriage with Mis# O'Riley. Louise, what do yon think of this marriage 7 " "I cannot beliere it. It c&uoot be true.' "Why not t" " It la too unlikely." "Upon what anoount??Mia" O'Riley'a want of birth?fortune 7 " 00? 'I**1 ? nothing ' What, then}" ' Why, Itrighty'* a gi?/, and General StuartGordon ia an old gentleman. Oh, yon know, of courae, mother, it waa a joke, ihui waa a joke; though I a lrait that It wita almott insulting to jeat witk you about it, mother." " My dear, it waa no joke; it waa trull). This marriage ia to come off in a month." "No, mother, no, it must beamiatake It can not be true " " I tell you that 1 am aaaored of it beyond a possibility of a doubt. Besides. I am not apt to be mistaken in anything, my duughter." " But poor, dear Brighty, then?dear, brilliant, sparkling Brighty?to be lost an." "And that is the light in which you ri? w it ' Louise. Yvu. had you been nerer so poor, could not hare married an old man Louise shuddered and paled. "Oh, mother, don't; it inakea my blood run ;old the wrong way," exclaimed Louise, w ho fully altered herself the type of all womankind in this respect. "Poor Brighty. dear, radiant llrighty, :o be so extinguished. Mother, dear mother, tell Her uot to hare hint. Save her." "1 cannot, unfortunately. Miss O'Uiley is rery capable of marrying a dotard for the sake of attaining a brilliant position. Your sympathy is sesides quite thrown upon Miss O'ltiley, who is i clear-headed, cold-hearted, selfish, and calculating woman, who will be happy in her destiny " A brilliant position! so is that of the Hindoo luttee a brilliant position, and one. it strikes me. ?s imim aa grtoai all Vmimmmon as ine otner. Dearest mother, since you are so kind, and permit me to spetik so freely, let me eutrent jou to talk to General Stuart-Gordon on this subject. Beg him not to take advantage of Brighty's poverty, and her lesw ef elegancy and irer in experience Tell him Brighty is nothing but a hit of a girl." continued the little matron, "tell him that she will grievously repent it. Tell him to be magnanimous, magnificent, princely. Tell him to adopt Brigbty as his daughter; to bring her here and make her feel at home among us. Tell him, if he wants to marry, to find some lady near his own age. who will not he compelled to wish him dead all the days of his life, and to leave poor llrighty alone to seek her own share of this world's life, love, and joy." " You are very much changed, Louise!"' said her mother, in surprise?" very much changed. Who would have supposed that you had reflected so much?that you would have confidence to give utterance to your reflections ?" " Mother, it is dearest Louis ! lie talks with me, and encourages me to talk, lie listens to ine?stimulates me to think. Oh mother, I have thought more, hoard more, talked more, and lir>d more, in the l ist month, than in all my past existence ! 1 seem ty) have received sn impulse?to have' taken a new start in lifh." The, vista <-f -v universe seems opening before me; my soul seems to have dropped its fetters?escaped its prison?and revels in liberty sud light.. Aid Louis has given me this new life, mother !" The brow of the lady darkened. "And that is the reason, mother, why 1 do so pity dear llrighty. She closes upon herself the prospect of a happilues like mine"? Arrested by a feeling of bashfulness. Louise suddenly stopped in the full-flowing Btream of her confidences', and blushed. Soon she recovered her composure and said. vou will speak toueuerai muart-uoruou uooui this, will you Dot, my mother ? " " My daughter, it was of that I wished to talk to you. I have spoken to him upon thia subject." "And he?" " Became offended." "And "Used offensive language to me " "Mother!" " VwlfMi language, Louise." " Mother! " " Ordered me to quit his roof." "Mother! no!" exclaimed Louise, starling to her feet as the blood rushed to her brow. " Be calm, my daughter. Be composed ; be lady-like. Remember yourself. Recollect that all such manifestations of feeling are vulgar. Be quiet?you sec that I am." " Oh, my dear mother! but you have been outraged ! " said Louise, bursting into tears. " My daughter, let us talk composedly. It is certain that I canuot r>vann here! " " Nor J, mother! " "What do you say, Louise?" inquired the mother with surprise and delight, thinking her paths mnde very straight before her. " What do you say, Louise ?" " I say that 1 oannot stay here, mother ! " " Explain, my daughter." " Could 1 remain under the roof of a house fiora which rav mother has b?-#u driven? No, mother, no! Louis will not expect it! Louis will not desire it! Louis will respect a daughter's feelings I will entreat him to hire a house and take me hence ! We will leave this gorgeous palace to General Stuart-Gordon and any lady he may be pleased to set over it, and we will go iuto souie humbler house, in which, at least, my mother can he safe from insult, and secure of respect!" "A new, revised, and improved edition of love in a cottage!" sneered the lady, but quickly reuumberinir that her cue was love and confidence. she replied, " my daughter, I thank you ; but thin plan of yours is impracticable." " Impracticable!" "Yea, my daughter! Lonis is just eighteen I le yet wants three years of his majority. Until that period arrives, he h is not a dollar hut what his father gives him. Whfn that period arrives, he is in possession of all this vast estate. Uiiiil that period arrives, he has no means of hiring a house, or servants, or iu any way supporting himself or his wife, apart from his father." "Oh, Heaven! what shall I do?" " You cannot, of course, remain under a roof from which your mother has been ex|?elled!" Louise did not reply. " You do not think of it, I trust, my daughter." Louise was weeping siently. " Why do you not answer, my daughter! \'ou do not think of remaining here after I have >een thrust forth." " Mother. I cannot leave Louis ' " My child has ceased to lovo me?my cult/ ihild I" Here followed the same line of argument, the lame logic, eloquence, and passion?tho same mthofl about the widowhood, the solitude, the lesolation?that had melted the. heart of Louise n the first of this scene. It subdued her again, ind more completely than before. Whil- she aid her head, sobbing, upon her mother's lap, she isked, "What am I to do, then, mother? Tell me vhat I am to do ?" " Return with me this evening to Mont Crysal I " 1 Mother! mother!" ' If Louis loves you, he will follow you thither will invite him to remain, and we will all live here together until the majority of Louis tiuts lim in possession of the Island ICstatc and The Isle of Rays Will you ngroe to this, Louise? " " Mother! " u Will you return with me this evening to Mont Crystal ?" " Mother, my heart is breaking, but I will do It!" " Yon promise this? " " I promise it!" " God bless you, my daughter ! " " God yi'y me, my mother !" The ringing of the dinner-M| Aroused them. " Will you godown. mother?" " No, my daughter."' " And I, I hen, mother; what hHm.11 I do?" " Go and prej>are for your journey, my daughter ; and when you are ready, men me in the Irawing-rooro " Louise left the room, weeping ' Dinner waits, madam,a; said a servant, rapping softly at the door. " Let it wait," was the curt reply of the lady, who was adjusting the folds of her ample Mack velvet cloak. In a few minutes more, Mrs. Armstrong,in full carriage costume, descended into the hall. Genrrul Stuart-Gordon advanced from the drawingroom door to meet ber. M Mrs Armstrong, I have come to solicit your pardon for the intemperate words uttered in my excitement of this morning. Will you honor me l>y accepting the support of my arm to the drawing-room in token of forgiveness?"' siid he, in a deep, earnest, and deprecating tone and manner "Sir!" replied the lady, drawing her majestic figure up to its full height, " I hear no malice towards heists, idiots, or dotards, 1 only protsct myself from their violeuce in future."' With a grave, deep bow, General Stuart-Gordon receded, and allowed her to pass " I ordered my carriage at five o'clock. You will be so good as to see if it waits, sir," she said, in the arrogant tone of an offended despot speaking to a slave, as she sailed on " C'ttninly, madam, with pleasure !*' replied the General, with a second and deeper 1>ow She entered the drawing-room, snd stood there waiting until Louise should join her. She had not long to wait. 1-ouise soon entered, arrayed for her ride, in a white crape sh iwl, white bonnet and veil. Her veil was down, to hide her flowing tears "Your carriage attends you, madamf announced General Stuart-Gordon, reentering the room. 44 Are you quite ready, my daughter 7" inquired the lady 44 Yea, quite ready mother; hut Oh! I must see Louis first. I.have not seen him for an hour? *1 not since we returned from rowmr I do not know where he can be!" replied the bride, in n distressing tone. 44 Where sre you going, Louise >' inquired the General, walking up to his daughter-in-law ' Home with mother!" she tnnrmnred. sinking weeping into a chair. May I inquire, Mrs. Louis, If your husband is advised of this proceeding on yosr part V w No, sir " 44 And you leave this roof without his knowledge or consent?" Oh ! sir,' murmured the poor little girl, in an almost iuaudible voice, 411 cannot find him. My mother?alone?insulted?all the child she has got?how coulii you?" and melted into a sea of tears." 4,Sta!" address your eonvcrsatiou to us, who well know how to auswer you?and <io not brow heat the child, like a dastard !" eic'sirned Mrs. Armstrong, striding up, and niacins herself between them, nnd in front of Louise. 41 Then, madam, I desire to know the meaning of all this!" 44 It is very plain, sir. My daughter returns with me to MoutL'ryeW-" ? " And for what purpose, and to what end?" "To reside henceforth under my own roof." Here Louise raised Lor uirful f*tr< from (he hun t kerchief in which it was buried, A I looked up with surprise. General Sfnart-Gor Ln's brow grew hsrd and stem, as that of the lady to whom he spoke, aa he replied? ' And I r:iy. madam, that Mrs Louie does not atir out of this house without her hnalmnd's permission being first obtained." "Ha! ha! we shall see! Give me your arm, my daughter!" " Lay off your bonnet and shawl, Louise !'" commanded the General, in a tone so stern and peremptory, that the poor girl started and instinctively and hurriedly obeyed "My daughter, are you mad? What are you doing? Resume your bonnet, and let us go!" "I)o not budge, Mrs. Louis. Do not stir a step." " Give me your arm, Louise! 1 commm?l you !" " Movent your jrril. Mrs Louis!'' "Am I to be oh?yrdy Louise ?" sternly den and ed " Do you fr*nr me, Mrs. Louis?" thundered the General. "Oh pity, Lord!'' prayed Louise, with clasped hands and blanched cheeks, her very tears congealed with terror?looking from one antagonist to the other. "Ah! good! here is Louiv!" exclaimed the General, as Louis Stuart-Gordon quietly entered the room, and stood nrrestcd In an attitude of surprise, iu the inidst of them 1 Louis! Louis!" exclaimed Louise, as. throw, ing out her hands, she flew to his arms, as a bird to her nest?flew from the storm of anger raging around her, and casting her fair arms up around his neck, and burying her head in his bosom, she hung there, palpitating, her pale gold locks and white muslin drapery tbfwing over his black drefl?. And Louis! He stood there, encircling her with one arm. while with the other hand he stroked her locks and shoulders?soothing htr perturbation?and instinctively mesmerizing Wr. Meanwhile the war of words raged on. " Sir, my daughter returns with me to Crystal!'' "Madam! my son's wife abides under ogjp roof!" And Louise shuddered, even in the sluv ter of her husband's arms It was now that Lonis Stuart-Gordon looked up, and with a gesture of the most imposing o-om | mund, arrested the storm of controversy. Then, j with a silent hut peremptory inquiry, he demanded the explanation of the scene. Moth antagonists essayed to speak at once. Mrs. Armstrong turned full upon him, and commenced? "Mr. Stuart-Gordon, circumstances hare, transpired, and are about to transpire, that constrain mo to remote my daughter from this house?" while General Stuart-Gordon was saying? " Louis, this lady designs to separate you and yonr wife P 1 ' My dear father, let me estreat yo? ?o grant 1 the iviy preoedence in this explanation,' said Lonia " Certainly, my son ! Be so good as to proceed, madam I" And Mrs. Armstrong, in a few curt, haughty words, explained the motive of her act. ' So you perceive, Louis, that this good lsdy wishes to separate you from your wife 1 Of course yon will not consent to apy such measure 1" decided the General. " My daughter muij. return with mo!" persisted the lady, with awful sternness. " My sou's wife'siiai.i, ' abide where she is!'' concluded the General. I^ouise started nnd shuddered in the srms of her husband. Louis pressed her closer to his bosom, stooped and soothed her; and then, erecting his slight hut elegant form, he waved his hand, and imposed silenoe by a gesture full of dignity. Aud. looking from one to the other, with something of grave rebuke in his tone and manner, he said? " My honored father! and my esteemed motherin-law I you do battle over my wife as though she were a slave in whom both of you possessed a property?to whom both of you laid a claim! This mni cast ! '.Shall' ami1 shall not' arc terms that must not be applied to my wife. Commands and threats are things that she must not. suffer. Louise is free! free I as God made all creatures ami she must not be deprived of her divine birthright! of her own GoJ-given freedom! She shall direct her own life, coutrol her own destiny No one shall compel Icr choice?no one shall even so much as unduly influence her will. Louise shall decide in this matter, as in all others, tor herself?and," continued the young man, growing a little pale, " a?d I will abide by her decision." UUmJI I ll,? ...Jill... ID ..I.I Mm . ? ?wrp> vuc W.I ...wuun< 1"." Armstrong. ' Let Louise decide for herself. I too will abide by her decision!" "Hai>! I say ! it will not do! You commit on error, Louis! You give this girl her own way. and her will must succumb to the first strong will that it encounters?must succumb to her mother's! She has never been accustomed to selfguidance?never will be fit for self-guidance!" " Never, unless she is permitted to gui le herself my father! Knongh 1 We will have the decision of Louise, an',1 accept it" " And abide by it," chimed in Mrs. Armstrong, who felt no doubt in her mind as to the favorable (for her plan) decision of her daughter. "Zounds! ran there be two sides to this question 7" exclaimed General Stuart-Gordon, put past his gallantry.. " Look up, Louise. Look up, my own!" murmured Louts, bending over her until his lips were at her ear "Look up, Louise, and set this vexed question at rest. No one shall constrain your will. Look up and tell us?will you retuaiu with me or depart with your mother T* She preased closer to him, weeping "Say, my darling?will you rentaia with me " "With you, Louis?with you, angel, Louis? you?you," murmured Louise, dropping words and tears both in his bosom ' "What does she say 7 You are not to coax her!" exclaimed the mother. " She says that she will remain with me," said Louis Mrs Armstrong turned pile, strode up to her daughter, and exclaimed, bitterly and sorrowfully? " My child ! mine onh, child! do you abandon me thun 7 roe in my nge ! me in my ? ulo* hoo.l f me to endlcea, childless eolitude 7 Oh. Louiee!" "Mother! no! no!" ei claimed the poor bride, Ruddenly nturting from the gentle arm* of Louie, and throwing heraelf upon the Itoeomof her mother. "Mother, no! I will go with you!" " dome, then! yoar nhawl and bonnet where are they T" "Hut l<onia! oh, Lome'" once more coating herself in the armn of her huaband. J gf1 Again, my obild, will you ooue V' "Yea, I will go with you! no! atay with I<ouie! Mother! Louie! mother!?oh, mtrry, I Lor.tr And, broken between conflicting claims and cmotiona, the poor bride and child fainted over the arm of her huabaud. , "Tmark Oonf" eiclaimed General Stuart- I Gordon, aavagely in the tonaof an oath, "Take her to her room, Louia ; lock the door on the in- 1 aide, and remain with her. Don't be alarmed?a 1 fainting fit ia nothing. Call Seraph to attend you, and be ijulck, for abe will recover in five minutes and all tbia trouble will be to go over again!" And Lonla, raining her in hia artna and calling loudly for aaaiRtanoe, bore her from the room Men. Arwwiroag etarted to follow, but General Htuart-Gordoo with a spring placed biaaaelf before ber in the doorway " Let me paaa, air!" "No, you ahall not, by Heaven, madam* Louia ia a fool, and yon are? Ma Armttrong ' Thank God that I km alive to save ray daughter-in-law from perishing through the folly of her husband, or being destroyed by Ike cruelty of ber mother!" " 1st M' pass, sir u Vour carriage wait*, madam and your way to It lies through the other door !w u Lrt mk pass, air!'' u Your carriage waits, madam' Will it please you to deliver us from the inconvenience of your presence!"' Haggard with rage, bat perfectly impotent, at least for the time being, Mrs. Armstrong turned abruptly, strode from the room, entered her carriage, and was driven to Mont Crystal, there to brood secretly over schemes of deeper vengeance. , ' | TO BR t-OttTINVRD ) r* 4 I ICODVil liMlnv ?vn DDimniiU 1 voun vur?m, Ulliv/.l, Alll/ r IVC.ljL/UiW. SPEECH OP WILLIAM H. SEWAED. ON TUF. ADVIIVMOX ()F( ALIFORM t. P:V. statsa,-Masai*>t'. <*> r Four years ago, California, a Mexican Province, vcarcetj- *t?h:?bited and noil* unexplored, wji uiikno\ ti even 10 our usually immoderate desires, except l.jr a harbor, capacious and tranquil, which only statesmen then foresuw would be useful in the oriental commerce of a far distant, if not merely chimerical, future. A year ago, California was a ntere military dependency of our own, and we were celebrating with unanimity and enthusiasm its acquisition, with its newiy-discovered but yet untold and untouched mineral wealth, as the most auspicious of many and tin- ? paralleled achievements. To-day, California is a State, more populous than the leust and richer than several of the greatest of our thirty Stntes. This same California, thus rich and populous, is here asking admission into the Union, and finds us debating the dissolution of the Union Itself. No wonder If weare perplexed with ever-changing embarrassments ! No wonder If we are appalled by ever-increasing responsibilities! No wonder if we are bewildered by the ever-augmenting magnitude and rapidity of national vicissitudes! Small California ?a ascaivco? For myself, upon mv ia<ii.vVd,w*lttfdgmcnt and Conscience, I answer. Yes. For niyaelf, as an Instructed representative of ur.c of the fitsOw, in that one even ol >v?r States which is soonest and longest to be pressed in commercial and political rivalry by the new Commonwealth, 1 answer, Yea. I.et California come in. ......J ... n ?M>V, .......... .............. ....... .... ....... or from the West, every new Slate, coming from whatever part of the continent the may, is always welcome. But California, that comes from the clime wlu re tli.i west <iu>H away into the rising east; t'nlifornia, which bounds u( once the empire and the continent; California, the youthful queen of the Pacific, in her robes of freedom, gorgeously inlaid with gold?is doubly welcome. And now I inquire, first, HTty ihould California be rejected f All the objections are founded only in the circumstances of her coming, and in the organic law which she presents for our confirmation. 1st. California comes cm bhkmonioi'kly, without a jrreliminary consent of Congress, and therefore by usurpation. This allegation. I think, is not quite true; at least not quite true in spirit. California is not hereof her own pure volition. We tore California violently from her place in the Confederation of Mexican States,and stipulated by the trenty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, that lite territory should be admitted States into the American Union as speedily us possible. Hut tho letter of the objection still holds California does come without a preliminary consent by Congress to form s Constitution. Hut Michigan and other States presented themselves in the same unauthorized way, and Congress traired the irregularity, and sanctioned (ho usurpation. California pleads these precedents. Is not the plea siifiieient'I But it has been said hv the honorable Sena tor from South ('aroltna, [ Mr. Calhoun,] that the Ordinance of 1787 secured to Michigon the right to become a Stale, when site should Itave sixty thousand inhabitants. Owing to some neglect, Congress delayed taking the census. And this is said in palliation of the irregularity of Michigan Hut California, as has been seen, had a treaty, and Congress, instead of giving previous consent, and instead of giving her the eustomary Territorial Government, as they did to Michigan, tailed to do cither, and thus practically lOStiiMikliiith ami so ntmndoaed the ?w?w utmnutsity, under most unpropitious circumstances, to anarchy. California then made a Constitution for herself, but not unnecessarily and presumptuously, as Miehigsn did. Site made a Constitution for herself, and she comes here under the law, the paramount law of aelfpreservatlon. In that she stands justified. Indeed, California is more tltun justified. She was a colony, a military eolonv. All colonics, rsporliilly military colonies, are incongruous w ith our political system, and they are equally open to corruption and exposed to oppression. They are, therefore, not more unfortunate in their own proper conditior^mn fruitful of dangers to the parent Democracy- Wililornia, then, acted wisely and well in establishing self-government. She deserves not rebuke, but praise und approbation. Nor does litis objection conic with a good grace from those who oiler it. If California were now content to receive only a Territorial charier, we could not , agree to grant it wit hour an inhibition of slavery, which, in ilint case, being a Federul act, would ran- | der the attitude of California, ns a Territory, even , more offensive to those w ho now repel her than she | is as a State, with the same inhibition in the Consti- , tulion of her own voluntury choice, A second objection is, ( Vil<tornia luii assigntd her t men boundaries xrithrmt the previous authority of ( 'ongress, Hill she wns left to organize herself' without I uny boundaries fixed by previous luw or by prescrlp- j linn. She win obliged, therefore, to assume bound- I nrirH, ilnr* without boundaries she must have re- n mnined unorganized. t A third objection in, tluit < 'aldnriiis in loo large. * I answer, first, there is no comrnon standarii of ' States. ('nhlornbi, although greater than many, ia less tluin one of the .States. Secondly. California, if loo large, may be divided with Iter own consent, which in all the security we ( have for reducing the magnitude and averting the j( |iri ponderance of Texan. Thirdly. The boundaries of California aeent nut n lit all unnatural. The territory circumscribed in altogether contiguous and compact. Fourthly. The boundaries are convenient. They n cml>race only inhabited portions of the country, y commercially connected with the port of Sun Fran- ^ risen. No one loin pretended In ofit-r boiinitaricn v more in harmony witli the phynicai oullincn of the region concerned, or more convenient for civil ud (| miniatraiion. ' ,1 Hiit to draw doner to the question, what Nhall he ^ the hoimdarien of a new State enneerna? First. The State hernelf, and California of courne in content. ' Secondly. Adjacent communities. Oregon does ^ not eompUiu of uncromhmciil, and there is no other y adjacent com in unity to complain. . Thirdly. The other Stated of the Union. The |( larger the Pacific State*, the smaller will be their relative (tower in the Senate. All the Stntea now (( here are Atlantic State* and irdtuid States, ami surely tlicv may well indulge California in the largest |( liberty of boundaries. The fourth objection to the admission of Ouliforilia I*, that no census had Iteen taken, and no law* [^escribing the qualifications of suffrage and the ipnortionment of Representatives in Convention, H existed before her Convention was held (l I answer, California was left to act ah initio. She must Ix-gin somewhere, without a census, and with- ,, out such law*. I hr i ilgrtiii )-utlier* bi t/mi in tin: ( aaiiii: way on board I In- Mayflower; unil, since it w ha* been objected llirit some of the electors In Call lorn i a may have been ntlcn*, ! ndd, that alt of the Pti- y. Kri111 Fathers were ulirn* und stranger* to the Com monwenlth of I'lymouth, 1 Attain, the otnerrton ntny will In* voir"/, if the " Constitution of I 'aliloriiia i* MUti*laclory, firat to her- 1' *elf, secondly to the United States. ,v Ural. Not a murmur of discontent ha* followed California to thi* place. ' Second. A* to ourselves, we confine our inquiries alauit the conatltuiion of a new State to four (hint;* I at. The Ixmnilnrit* ii*minied; und I have eon- ' *iden*l that point in thi* caac already. 2d. That the domnin within the Slate i* aeeured to it*. And it i* admitted that thi* ha* been prop- * urly done. il That the Constitution *hall be republican, and not aristocratic or monarchical. In tin* raw the only objection i* that the Con*tltution, inasmuch a* it inhibit* slavery, ia altogether too republican. ^ 4th. Tint the reprenentation elaimud ahull be just r' and equal. No one dcnlc* that the population of California, ia auflieient to demand two repreaenta- j( Uvea on the federal haaia; and, aeeondly, a new n nutia i* mi hand, and the error, if there la one, will ^ be immediately corrected. The filth objection l??California comet under ,J Executive Influence, let. In her coming aa a free ( State. '2d In her coming at all The firat eharge rnntaori atiapicion only, la peremptorily denied, and the denial ia not controverted by oi ...i- I diHUiia* it altogether. " Tlte uecond ia true, to the extent that the prea- " cut President adviaed the people of 4 'altfornta, that, Jhaving I lean laft without uuy civil government, under ' the military attjiervlalon of the Executive, without ? any authority of law whatever, the adoption of a Constitution, subject to tlte approval of Congress, c would be regarded favorably by the Prealdent, Only li a year ago, It wis complainet that the exereiaa of It the military power to maintain law and order in a California, waa a fearful Innovation. Hut now the r< wind haa changed, and blow* eveu atrongcr front the rt opt>o*lte quarter if May Ihia Republic nevoi have a Prealdent commit It a more acriotta or more dangeroua usurpation of ai power than the act of the present eminent Chief n M atrial rate, tn endeavoring to induce legiaiative au- n thorny to relieve hint from the eaerciae of military w Cower, by eatabliahlng civil Inatilutlona regulated by ft iw in distant provinces Route would have been m landing thin daf, if sin* had had Much general* and j siu-h tribunes. 3d. Hut the objection, whether tr?i?* in part, or t even in the whole, is immaterial. The question is, j not what moved California to impress any particu | Isr leature on Iter Constitution, nor rrrn what in 1 duced her to adopt a Constitution at all; but it is whether, since she has adopter! a Constitution, she hall be admitted into the I'nion. 1 have now reviewed all the objections raised against the admissjpn of California. It is seen that they have no foundation in the law of nature and of nations. Nor are they founded in the Constitution, for the Constitution preaeribesno form or manner of proceeding in the admission of new States, but leavrs the whole to the discretion of Congress. "Congress may admit new States." The objections are all merely formal and technical. They rest on precedents which have not always, nor even generally, been observed. But it is said that we ought now to establish a safe precedent for the future. I answer 1st. It is too late to seize this occasion For that purpos ?. The irregularities complained of j being unavoidable, the caution should have b?cn ex- , wised when, 1st, Texas was annexed; 2d, when j we waged war against Mexico; or, 3d, when we rat- i ificd the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. I mwu-er >.t W. I....' f,. 1.1...I. ...tr?. ? .1 ilea sure. Our successors will exercise t'nir pleasure liiout following.ihe.qj^ just. na wchl>v? di'/iejn jucj? . aae*. I answer 3d. States, nations, and empires, are apt io 60 peculiarly ratiricious, not only us 10 the fime ul even ms to (he maiinrr of their In-ing (huh, ami is to (heir subsequent political changes. lin y 11 re tot accustomed to conform to precedents. Callfor- 1 tia sprang front the head of the nation, not only ouiplete in proportions and full armed, but ripe for (filiation with its members. I proceed now to state niv reasons for the opinion hat California oi'uiit to bk admittbo. The popuatlon of the United States consists of natives of t 'anasian origin, and exotica of the same derivation. Phe native mass rapidly assimilates to itself ami 1 ibaorbs the exotic, nnd thus theae constitute one lotnogeneous people. The African race, bond and ree, and the nbnrigines, savage and civillxed, being neapable of such assimilation and absorption, renaln distinet, and, owing to their peeuliar condition, hey constitute inferior niasses, and may be regarded is accidental if not disturbing political forces. The 1 tiling homogeneous family planted at first on the Itlantic shore, ami following an obvious law,.is seen I ontinuiilly sand rapidly spreading its* If westward ' ear by y*nr, subduing the wildcrnt ss and the prairie, I nd thus extending this gTenl political community, 1 vUieb, vv* fast us It advances, breaks in'o distinet t States for municipal purposes only, while tlie whole ' **-> i -f,; ; ion. I Well established calculations in political arithmetic < "nublc us to say that the aggregate population of the | nation now ia - 2*2,000,000 That 10 years hence it w ill lie 30,000 000 1 " 20 do do - . 3H.OOO,OOt) " 30 do do - - 50.000,000 " 40 do do - . 04,000,1**1 " Rtt do do - HO,000.000 " 100, that Is, in the year 1050 - 200,000,000 equal nearly to one-fourth of the present aggregate population of the globe, and double the population i?f Knropc t? the lime of the discovery of America. Hut the advance of population on the Pacific will fur exceed what has heretofore occurred on the At- 1 lantic coast, while emigration even hero is outstrip- < ping the calculations on which the estimates are 1 lui-ed. There are silver and gold in the mountains ind ravines of California. The granite of New i Kngland and New Vurk is burren. I Allowing due consideration lo (lie increasing density of our population, we are safe in assuming, that t long before this muss shall have attained the inaxi- ' iiutn of numbers Indicated, the entire width of our 1 >o*?cssions from the Atlantic to the Pacific ocean , a III be covered by it, and Is- brought into social nia- t urity and complete political organization. I The question now nrises, Shall this one greut jeoplc, having a common origin, a common Inn- j [tiHge, a common religion, common sentiments, inereats, symputliies, and liopea, remain one poUiicnl state, one nation, one republic, or shall it be broken nto two conflicting and probably hostile nations or republics? There cannot ultimately be moro than iwo. For the huhit of ussocintion is alrendy formed, is the intorestsof mutual Interroitrsearebclng formed. It is already ascertained where the centre qrf political power must rest. It must rest in the agricultural interests and mnssca, who will occupy theinterior of the continent. These masses, if they csnnot all command ncccss to both oceans, will not tie obstructed In their approaches to that one, whieli oilers the greatest facilities to their commerce. Shall the American people, then, be divided ? Before deriding on this question, let us consider our position, Iiol power, aiMI oupabllletes. Tile world contains no scat ol empire no magnificent as this j which, while it embraces all the varying climates of the temperate suae, and is traversed by wide expanding lakes nnd long branching rivers, offers supplies on the Atlantic snores to the overcrowded nations of Kuropo, while on the Pacific coast it intercepta the commerce of the indies. The nation thus situated, and enjoying forest, mineral, and agricultural reaouroes unequalled. If rndnwrd also with moral cn? rgics adequate to the achievement of great rnterpris s and favored with n Government aduptcd to their character anil condition, must command the entpiro of the acus, which alone Is real empire. We think, ttint we may elaitn to have inherited physical and intellectual vigor, courage, invention, nnd enterprise; and the systems of education prevailing among us open to nil the stores of human iciencennd art. The old world and the past Were allotted by Providence to the pupilage of inniiklnd, under the hard iiscipline of arhiirury power, quelling the violence ol Human passions. The new world and the future teem to have been appointed for the maturity of mmkind, with the development of self-government <per.itlug in obedience lo reason and judgment. We Imvr thoroughly tried our novel system of Democratic Federal Government, with Its complex, ret harmonious and eiliietivecouibiniilion ol distinct oral elective agencies, lor tin- conduct ol domestic ; dliiir*, mill Iim com toon ccnirnl elective agencies, for , lie regulation of internal interim* and of Intercourse , villi foreign nalioriH; mid He know, that it irf a ays- , cut equally cohesive in its parts, and capable ol all y le*ii able expansion; and that it is a system, more- , iver, perfectly it Jupted to secure domestic tranquillity, chile it bring* into activity all Ilia eleeicnis of lational aggrandizement. The Atlantic .States, * hrougli their coinniercial, social, and political nlhn lie* and sympathies, are sleaJily renovating the ,, iovernmenl* and the aoclal coriatliutiona of Kurope r nd of Africa. The Pacific State* rnnsi necessarily H erforni the Haine aiiblime and beneficent function* 1 Asia. If, then, the American people shall remain ''' n undivided nation, the ripening civilization of the Vest, after a separation growing wider and wider It rr four thousand years, will, in its eircuit ol the u arid, meet again and mingle with the deellning n Ivllizntion of the Kaat on our own free soil, and a e ew and more perlerl civilization will arise to Mesa tl he earth, under the sway of our own cherished unit ?i eneliceut democratic institutions. I We may then reasonably hope for greatness, felirl- h y, and renown, excelling any hitherto attained hy a ny nation, if, standing firmly on the continent, we a one not our grasp on the shore of either ocean, o Uu.tlier a destiny so magnificent would nc only purally ib-feutcd, or whether It would he nltnperhrr font tl y ii relaxation of that grasp, surpasses our wisdom p i determine, and luippilv it Is not Important to bede- p rmlned. It I*enough, if we agree thai expectaiiun* t> u grand, yet so res sons hie arid so just, ought not to N e In any degree disappointed. h And now it seems to me, that the perpetual unity S f our empire hangs on the deeision of this day and p I this hour. a California I* already a Stale, a complete and fully n ppointed Nia'e. She never ugalri can Is- less than p tut. She can never again lie a province or a col#- a y ; nor can she lie made to shrink and shrivel into II le proportions of a federal dependent Terrritory. tl 'alilortila, then, henceforth und forever, must he, a rhat she is now, a Stale, ri The question whet hi r she shall he one of the United v 'tales of America An* depended on Iter and on us. Ii I r election ha* been made. Our consent alone re- ri tain* suspended; and that consent must Is- pronounc- n d now or never. I say noir or tirrer. Nothing pre- q enisit now, but want of agreement among ourselves, o fur liarmony cannot Inereaae while this question re- |i min* open We shall never ugrcu to admit (Jaliforit, unless we agree now. Nor will < 'ulllornia abide 2 uliiy. I do not say that she contemplate* Indepen- p ne e ; but, if alie does not, It Is Isicauae she does o ol anticipate rejection. I'o vou *ay that site can b ave no motive .' < 'onslder, I lien, her attitude If re- c cted. She needs a constitution, a legislature, und e ingistrates; she neids titles to that golden domain n r miru within her borders : good title* to . and voii I, mat ?ivu tltriii on your own term*, or nhr iinmt ft ik? thrm without your leave, She need* a mint, a h untoni-houac, wharven, honpitaln, and institution* of u -timing; ehe need* fortification*, und road*, arid *1 iilromlw; nhr ni-ed* thr protection of an army and n navy ; either your ?tnr* and atripi? muat wave over h rr porta and hrr Hoot*, or she iiiuat ruix; aloft a h tandurd for hrraclf j nhr nrrdn, at Irani, to know 1 rbether you urn Irlrnda or encnilr*; and, finally, nhr ni coda what no Anirrlrun community run liva with- t< Ut, sovereignty and Independence rlihrr a junt and u< iiu'al ahare ofyourn, or sovereignly and Indrjiondanrr fi f her own. Will you nay that California rould not aggrandize ernelf by separation 7 Would It, then, be a mean 0 million to art up within fifty vrarn, on the Pacific r uaal, monument* likr thonr whlrh wo think two und led yearn have lain well aprnt in catahliahing F n I lie Atlantic count 7 ?| Will you any that California liaa no ability lobe- " nine independent I Nhu han the aamo moral nl.il- " iy for enlerprlne that inhere* in uatand that ability * in plica romniand of all phvaical tneana. She hun 1 drainage* of position. Hhe in practically further ! moved from you thun Kngland. You cannot . nach hrr hy railroad, nor by unbroken amam naviatiun. You can send no arniiea over the prairie, w mountain, and the deaert, nor actoaa the remote " nd narrow lithtnua within a foreign jurisdiction, F or around the Cape of Ntorin*. You may aend a " avy thera, but she has only to open h?r mines, and * ha can seduce your navies ami appropriate your " oeting bulwark* to her own defence Let her only r rize your domain within her bordere, and your commerce in her ports, and ahe will have at "nee revenues and credit adequate to all her necessities. Besides, are we so moderate, and haa the worli become so just that we have no rivals and no enemies to lend tlieir sympathies snd aid to coinpass the dismemberment of ottr empire? Try not the temper and fidelity of California?at least not now, not yet t'hsrish her and indulge her until you have extended y. ur settlements to her borders, and bound her lust t<y railroad4and canals, anil telegraphs, to your interest- until her affinities of Intercourse are established, and habit' of loyalty are fixed?and then she can never be disengaged. California would not go stone Oregon, so intimately allied to her, and as yet so loosely attached to us, would go also; and then at least the entire Pacific coast, with the w??trrn declivity of the Sierra Nevada, would be lost. It would not depend at all upon us, nor even on the mere forbearance of California, how far eastward the long line across the temperate tone should be drawn, which should separate the Republic of the Pacific front the Republic of the Atlantic. Terminus has passed away with all the deities of the ancient Pantheon, but his sceptre remains. Commerce is the god of boundaries. ami no man now living ran toretcit Ins ultimate decree. Hut it is insisted that the admission of California shall be attended by a compromise of questions which hiue arisen.nut of oavsv* i.? 1 AM OPPOSED TO ANY HPCH COMPROMISE, IN ANY A WD ALL THE FOB MS IN WHICH IT HAS BEEN PROPOSED. Been use, w Idle admitting the purity and the patriotism of all fr.itu whom it ia my mlstonun> to ditb r, I think all leg'sl itivecompiomises radii ally wrong and essentially vicious. They involve the surrender of th* exercise of judgntrnt and conscience on distinct and s parate questions, at distinct and scparato times, with the indispensable advantages it alfoi.is for ascertaining truth. Tliey involve a relinquishment of the right to reconsider in future the derisions of the present, on questions prematurely anticipated. And they are u usurpation as to luture questions of the province of future legislators. Sir, it seems to nie, as if slavery had laid its par alyzing hand upon myself, and the blood were coursing less freely than i's wont through niv veins, when I endeavor to suppose that such a compromise has been ell'.-eied, and my ut'rrnnre forever is arrested upon all the great questions, social, tnoral, and political, arising out of u subject so important, and us yet so incomprehensible. What am 1 to receive In this compromise I Freedom in f'ulifornia. It is well; it i* a noble acquisition: it is worth a sacrifice. Hut what am 1 to give as an equivalent ? \ recognition of the claim to perpetuate slavery in lie district ?f Columbia ; forbearance towards more itringent Uws concerning the urrest of persons sus m ii r?-.ves.faut? rhc /? <? irtatat\. . * teurance front the l*rori?o of freedom in the char crs of new Territories. None of the plans of compromise otVercd demand less than two, und most of llmm insisi on ull ol these conditions. The equivalent then is, some portion of liberty, some portion of human rights In one. region fur liberty in another region. Hut California brings gold and commerce ?e weft as freedom, i nm, then, to surrender some portion of human freedom in the District of Columbia, Hnd in Kast t'slilwain and New Mexico, for the mixed consideration tflliberty, gold, and power, on lite Pacific coast. Tiu? view of legislative compromises ia not iuw. ft has widely prevailed, and many of the State Conitltiitiona interdict the introduction of more than me subject into one bill submitted for legislative acion. It was of such compromises that Burke said, in >ne of the loftiest bursts of even his majestic pariumentary eloquence: * " Far, far from the Commons "f Oreat Britain be all manI it ol reulvire ; batten thousand limes tarlher from them, is liir as from pole to pole, he the whole tribe ol spurious, iffeeleil. rounlrrfcit and hypocritical virtues' Torse ur> lie nouns wnn il Hit* (t il thousand lime* more M \v?r with riil virtnr; these are th# thing* Which ?rr Irn thousun I I turn ninrr at war willt real duly, than any vicr knuw n uy Ik iiainr ainl itiatiiiuniahrit hy its proper character " l'ar, lnr from tia he that talae ami alien, 4 candor I list i* eternally In treaty w th crime that hall virtue, which, like the ambiguous animal Unit tins about In the twilight ot a riini|iriniiiNe hrtwren tlay ami night. Is, to a just man's eye, an odious anil disgusting thing. There 11 no intdille point, my l.ordi, in which the Commons of Ureal llrituiu can meet tyranny anil oppreaslnn " But, sir, if I could overcome my repugnance to compromise* In general, I should object to thi* one, on the ground of the inequality unii incongruity of tite iiitoreaia to be compromised. Why, tor, according to lite views 1 luive submitted, California, ought to come in, nnd must come in, whether slu vciv stand* or full* in the District of Columbia; whether shivery stands or fulls in Mew Mexico ami Ktisiern California; nnd even whether slavery stands or lulls in ths slave Stales. California ought to come in, lieing a free State; and, tinder the circumstances of hi* conquest, her compact, In r aban donment, her juslihuble und necessary establishment of u Constitution, and the inevitable dismemberment of the empire consequent upon her rejection, I should have voted for her admission even it she had come as a slave State. California ought to rorne in, nnd must come in at till events. It is, then, nn independent, a paramount question. What, then, are these questions arising out ot slavery, thus interposed, but collnter/il questions? They urp unnecessary and incongruous, and therefore falsa Issues, not introduced designedly, indeed, to defeat (hut great policy, yet unavoidably tending to that end. Mr. FOOTK. Will the honorable Senator allow me to ask him, If the Senate is to understand him as saying lltat he would vote for lite admission of California if she came here seeking udmission as a slave Slate. Mr. SF.WARD. T reply, as I said bsfore, that even If California had come as a slave State, yet coming undcrthnrxtnordinaryeirciiius'nnces 1 hnva (escribed, and in view of the con* queneesof a dismemberment ol the empire, consequent upon Iter rejection, I should have voted for her udmission, ven (hough she had come ns n slave State But I ihould not have voted for her admission otherwise. I remark iu the next place, thst consent on my tart would Is* disingenuous and fraudulent, beeuuao lie compromise would he unavailing. It Is now avowed by the honorable Senator front South Carolina, | Mr. Cai houn,) that nothing will lulisfy the slave Slates hut a compromise that will onvinee them that they can remain in the Union (insistently with their honor and their safety. Did what are the concession* which will have that Hid ? Mere they are, in the word* of I hut Sunator: " Tie* North must do justice by conceding to the South n npinl right in the acquired territory, nnd do her duly y i nlistng tin* sliprilslioiis relative In fugitive slaves In ho lifhhilly luUtlled cease the agitation of the slave queson, nod provide lor the Ingertlon of s provision In tt e institution, hy nn amendment, which will restore to ths until in substance the power she possessed id protecting neinre trie equilibrium between the sections wan i-stroyeil liy lilt- sclioil ?>( tin* Unveriimeul." These terms amount lo this, ihnt the free States aviiig already, or although they inny hereafter have lajorttics of States, majorities of population, and tajorilirs in both Houses of Congress, shall concdc lo I ho slave States, being In a minority in both, tin unequal advantage of an equality. That is, thai re hIimII alter the Constitution so h? to convert the Sovernmcnt from a national democracy, operating V ? constitutional niiijorlty of voices, inio a federal llinncr, in which (lie minority hIihII have a veto gainst lint mnjoriiy. And this in lo return to lint rigiual arlicleti of confederation. I will not stop lo protest ncnins! the injustice or lie me*|MwiU'iu v of aa Innovation which, if ii wns ruelieitlde, would lot so entirely subversive of the rinclple of democratic institutions. It in enough > sny that it in totally impracticable. The free tales, Northern and Western, aeqtiiencrd in the ills'and nearly unbroken ascendancy of the slave lutes under lite < 'onnlitution, because the result hapcried un Ii r the t '(institution Hut they have honor rvl Interests tn preserve, arid there is nothing in lite attire of mankind or In the character of that pcole lo Induce an expectation that they, lovul as they re, are insensible to the duty of defending them, lot tlte scheme would still lie impractlcabV, even if lis difficulty were overcome. What is proposed is jMjiUieal equilibrium. Kvcry political equilibrium uuires n physienl equilibrium to rest upon, and is afueleas without It. To constitute a physical eqmlirltllii lab ween lite slave Suites and the free Slates, quires first, an equality of territory, or some near ptiroiimallon. And this is already lost. Hut It reulren tnueli more than litis. It requires an equality r u proximate equality in (he number of slaves and eeinen. And litis must lie perpetual. Hut the census of li-MO gives a slave basis of only .MR),000, and a free haais of 14,600,000. And tha opiiialion on the slave basis Increuaes In the ratio f 2.r> per cent, for ten years, while that on the free usls advances at the rate of 38 t?er cent. The aceloraiiny movement of the free population, now iiinpiiiiiii'ii or, miii in enpy uir in*w Terrltorlm with lorn?*rn, and every ilny increases the difficulty of rclng or Insinuating slavery inlo regions whirli 'earucn have pro.occupied. Ami If tliia were possi Ic, lint African law Irade ia prohibited, and the do icatic increase in not sufficient to aupplv the new lave .State* which are expected to maintain the ifuilihriuin. Tile theory of a new political equlhriuin claims that It once existed, and has him mf. When lost, and how / It begun to be lost In 7H7, when preliminary arrangementa were made to dmit live new free Slates in the Northwest Terri >ry, two year* before the Constitution was finally dopted t that ia, it began to be lost two years be?re it began to rxiat! Sir, thaojuilibriutn, if restored, would I e loet again nd loat more rapidly than it was before. The progress I the free population tato be accelerated by increased migration from Kurope and Aala, while that of the laves |a to be checked and retarded by inevitable rtlal emancipation. "Nothing," aaya Momesluieu, " ruduce* a man so low as always to see Ireenen, and yet not be free. I'arsuoa in that condition are lalural encmioa of the Stale, and thi-ir numbers vould be dangerous If Increased too high." Sir he fugitive slave colonies and the emancipated lave colonies to the free Slates, In Canada, and in .Iberia, are the heat guaranties South Carolina has ar the perpetuity of slavery. A or vould luriu attend any of Ms data tfs e/ He compromise. And, first, I advert to the proioaed alteration of the law concerning fugitives from ervlee or iabor. I shall apank on this as on all uhjecta, with dus respect, but yet frankly and within rew ivaiion lite CoaMltunon contains only a oinpact, m hit h reals for ita execuiion on the States, [a.. rot-.T. raex j