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The national era. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1847-1860, April 25, 1850, Image 3

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NO. 173.
Sebastian, Soul6,'Spruance, Sturgeon, Turney,
Underwood, Whitcomb, and Yulee?28.
[Messrs. Bright, Cass, Clay, Cooper, Dickinson,
Spru ince, Sturgeon, Wales, Whitcomb, all
profess to be in favor of the admission of California
as she is with her Constitution and boundaries.
Of these, Fcren voted agiinst hying the
subject of compromise on the table tor the purpose
of taking up the California bill, and two,
Cooper anl Wales, absented themselves or re
fuied to vote, Had till these voted to take up the
California hill, the rote would have atood, 33 for
laying on the table, 21 against it. Such a
majority would h ive decided the fate of the
bill at once, and delay would have been prevented.
They all saw proper to go with the Slavery
Party for compromise, for mixing up California
with ali sorts of subjects, thus complicating
the question of its admission, producing indefinite
delay, and subjecting the bill for the
almission of California to the hazard of ultimate
It will bo remarked that Mr. Webster, whose
vote might have killed the Compromise Committee
last Thursday, but was then given for it, yesterday
and to-day, when it could not affect the
remit, has been recorded with the Northern
The question was then taken by yeas and nays,
on every point in me amen unt nis suomuaeu vj
Mr Benton.
The first subdivision in the amendment was read,
as follows:
" With instructions that, in any bill, scheme, or
other measure or measures they may report, they
shall not connect the admission of the State of
California with any other proposed legislation
which shall require the assent of auy other State
to its completion."
Tb? question being taken, it resulted as follows:
Yeas?Messrs. Baldwin, Benton. Chase, Clarke,
Corwin, Davis of Massachusetts, Dayton, Dodge
of Iowa, Dodge of Wisconsin, Felch,Greene, Hale,
Hamlin, Jones, Miller, Norris, Phelps, Seward,
Shields. Smith, Spruance, Walker, and Webster?23.
Na\>?Messrs Atchison. Badger, Bell, Borland,
Bright. Butler, Cass, Clay. Clemens, Davis
of Mississippi, Dickinson, Douglas, Downs. Foote,
Hunter, King, Mangum, Mason, Morton, Pearce,
Rusk, Sebastian, Soultf, Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood,
Whitcomb, and Yulee?28.
S> the amendment was rejected.
The next subdivision was then read :
' 2. That they shall not connect the admission
of the State of California with any measure which
is connected with a question of boundary or other
controversy with nfiy other State."
The question being taken, it resulted as follows
Yeas?Messrs Baldwin, Benton, Chase, Corwin,
Davis of Massachusetts. Dayton, Dodge of
J .rt.i. Dudire of Wiseiousia, Feich; Greene, Hale,
Hamlin, Jones, Miller, Norris. Phelps. Seward,
Smi'h. Walk-r, and Webster?30.
NXvs?Messrs. AtchisoD, Badger, Bell, Bor1
md, Bright, Butler, Cass, Clay, Clemens, Davis
of Mississippi, Dickinson, Douglas Down*, Foote,
Hunter. King, Mangum, Mason, Morton, Pearce,
Rusk. Sebastian, Soul#, Spruance, Sturgeon, Turney,
Underwood, Whitcomb, and Yulee?29
So the amendment was rejected.
The xext subdivision was then read :
"3. That they shall not connect the admission
of#the State of California with any other measure
of less dignity than the reception and admission
of a sovereign State to be a new and entire member
of this Union."
The question being taken, it resulted as follows:
Yeas?Messrs. Benton, Chase, Dodge of Iowa,
Hale, Hamlin, Seward, and Walker?7.
Nays?Messrs Atchison,Badger, Bell, Borland,
Bright, Butler, Cass, Clay, Clemens, Davis of
Mississippi, Dickinson, Dodge of Wisconsin,
Douglas, Downs, Felch, Foote, Hunter, King,
Mangum, Mason, Morton, Pearce, Rusk, Sebastian.
SouIf\ Spruance^ Sturgeon. Turney, Whitcomb,
and Yulee?30.
So the amendment was rejected.
The next subdivision was then read
' 4. That they shall not make California a party
to, or in any way include or connect her with,
any provision in the nature or intent of a compact
relating to slavery, or to any slave State or
slave Territory, other than the compacts of the
The question being taken, it resulted as follows:
Yeas?Messrs. Baldwin, Benton, Chase, Corvin
Dayton, Dodge of Iowa, Dodge of Wisconsin,
Felch, Greene, Hale, Hamlin, Miller, Norris.
Seward, Smith, and Walker?16.
Nays?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Borland,
Bright, Butler, Cass, Clay, Clemens, Davis
of Mississippi, Dickinson, Douglas, Downs, Foots,
Hunter, King, Mangura, Mason, Morton, Pearce,
Rusk. Sebastian, Sonle, Spruance,Sturgeon, Turney,
(jnderwood, Whitcomh, and Yulee?29.
So the amendment was rejected.
The next subdivision was then read
"5. That they shall not make California a party
to, or in any way include or connect her with,
any provision in the nature or intent of a compact
of any description, other than the compacts of the
Constitution, and those compacts relating to the
domain which have been heretofore required of
new States formed out of the Territory of the
United States."
The question being taken, it resulted ns follows:
Yeas?Messrs. Baldwin, Benton, Chase, Corwin,
Divisof Mass ichusetts, Dayton, Dodge of
Iowa, Dodge of Wisconsin, Felch, Greene, Hale,
Hamlin, Miller, Seward, Smith Walker, and
Nays?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Borl>
i * n m n 1 r\ _
i 111 i, urigui, Dutirr, v>uij, \slemriiH, I'aviH
of Misissippi, Dickinson, Douglas, Downs. Foote,
Hunter, King, Mangum. Mason, Morton, Pearce,
Rusk, Seb istian, SoulS, Spruance, Sturgeon, Turney.
Underwood, Whitcotnb, ami Vulee?'29.
So the amendment was rejected.
The next subdivision was then read
" 6. That they shall not report any measure
proposing any alteration in the boundaries of the
State of California"
The question being taken, it resulted as follows
Yeas?Messrs. Baldwin, Benton, Chase Cor*in.
Divisef Massachusetts. Dayton, Dodge of
Iowa, Dodge of Wisconsin, Felch. Greene, H?le,
Hamlin, Jones, Miller. Norris. Phelps, Seward,
Smith. Walker, and Webster?'20.
Navs?Mes-rs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Borland,
Bright, Butler, Cass, Clay, Clemens, Dickinson,
Downs, Foote, Hunter, King, Mangum,
Mason, Morton, Pearce Rusk. Sebastian. Soulf*,
Spruance, 'Mirgeon, Turney, Underwood, Whitcomb,
and ulee?'27.
So the endment was rejected.
The ? .t subdivision was then read :
"7 .at they shall not make the Stats of Californi
a party to, or in any way connected with,
or the question of her admission in any way connected
with or dependent on, any provision in the
nature of a compact which has not been required
of either of the following named States Ohio,
Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Louisiana, Mississippi
Alabama, Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Wisconsin,
and Florida"
The question being taken, it resulted as follows
Ykas?Messrs. Raldwin, Benton, Chase, Davis"
of Massachusetts, Dodge of Iowa, Dodge of Wisconsin,
Felch Greene Hale, Seward, Smith and
Nais?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Borland,
Bright, Butler, Cass, Clay, Clemens, Davis
of Mississippi, Dickinson, Downs, Foote, Hunter,
King. Mangum, Mason, Morton, Pearce, Rusk.
Sebastian, Soulti, Spruance, Stnrgeon, Turney!
Underwood, Whitcomb, and Yulee?'2S.
So the amendment iu rcie. t?.l
The next subdivision was then read :
" S. That they shall not make a party to, or in
any manner hind to, inclnde in, or connect with,
any provision baring the character or intent of a
compact, any State, or people having the political
organisation of a State, not represented in thia
body "
Mr. Whitcomb. I desire to say that I shall
rote agiinst all these instructions, for the reason
that for this body to instruct the committee is to
anticipate the action of the committee. It is
bringing the Senate into the committee itself, inasmuch
as the Senate will hare full oontrol of the
deliberations of that committee. I shall rote
against any instructions, for the purpose of expediting
The question being taken, it resulted as follows
Vfas?Messrs. Benton, Chase, Corwin, Dayton,
Dodge of Iowa, Dodge of Wisconsin, Felch,
Greene Hale Hamlin, Miller, Seward, and
Navs?Messrs Atchison, Badger, Bell, Borland.
Bright, Bntler, Case, Clay, Clemens, Daels
of Mississippi, Dickinson, Downs, Foots, Hunter,
King. Mangum, Mason, Morton, Penroe. Rusk,
Sebastian, Spruance, Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood,
Whitcomb, and Yulee?27.
So the amendment was rejected
The next subdivision was then rend :
" 9 That they shall not oonneot the admission
of the Statn of California with any matter foreign
to the admission of that Slate In a direct
manner, on a precisely squat footing with theorl- !
final Slates and nninoambOred with any ether 1
conditions, responsibilities, or considerations"
The question being Uhen, it resulted no fol- j
low*: >
Yeas?Messrs. Baldwin, Benton, Chwe, Dodge
of Iowa, Dodge of Wisconsin, Felch, Hale, Hamlin,
Jones, Norris, Phelps, Seward, Walker, aud
Nays?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Borland,
Bright, Butler, Cass, Clay, Clemens, Davis
of Mississippi, Dickinson, Downs, Foots, Hunter,
King, Mangum. Mason, Morton, Pearce, Rusk,
Seb.ujtian, Spruance, Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood,
Whitcomb, and Yulee?'21.
So the amendment was rejected.
The next subdivision was then read:
Provirf'd, That nothing in this instruction
shall be construed to authorize the said committee
to take into consideration anything that relates to
either or me iour iuhu*hih nuujr., ?.
" 1. The abolition of slavery within the States."
The question being taken, there were?
Yeas?Messrs. Benton, Chase, Davis of Massachusetts,
Hale, Miller, Norris, Seward, Smith,
WalkeT, and Webster?10.
Nays?Messrs. Atchison. Badger, Bell, Borland,
Bright, Butler, Cass, Clay, Clemens. Davis
of Mississippi, Dickinson, Downs, Foote, Hunter,
King, Mangutn, Mason, Morton. Pearce, Rusk,
Sebastian, Spruauce, Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood,
Whitoomb, and Yulee?'27.
So the amendment was rejected.
The next subdivision was then read
"The suppression of the slave trade between
the States."
The question being taken, there were?
Ykas?Messrs. Benton, Dodge of Iowa, Dodge
of Wisconsin, Hale, Hamlin, Jones, Norris, Seward.
Smith, and Walker?10
Nays?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Borland,
Bright, Butler, Cass, Chase, Clay, Dickinson,
Downs, Foote, Hunter, King, Mangum, Mason,
Morton, Pearce, Rusk, Sebastian, Spruance,
Sturgeon, Turuey, Underwood, Whitcomb, and
So the amendment was rejected
The next subdivision was then read :
" 3. Abolition of slavery within the forts, arsenals,
dock yards, and navy yards of the United
The question being taken, it resulted as follows
Yeas?Megsrs. Benton, Dodge of Iowa, Dodge
of Wisconsin, Jones, and Smith?5.
Ykas?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Hell, Bor
land, Bright, Butler, Cm<, Chase,Clay, Clemens.
Dickinson, Downs, Foote, Hale, Hunter, King,
Mangum, Mason, Morton, Pearce, Rusk, Sebastian,
Seward, Spruance, Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood.
Walker, and Whitcomb?29.
So the amendment was rejected.
The next subdivision was then read :
" 4. The abolition of slavery within the pistrict
of Columbia."
The question being taken, it resulted as follows
Ykas?Messrs. Benton, Dodge of Iowa, Dodge
of Wisconsin, and Jones?4
Nays ?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Borland,
Bright, Butler, Cass, Chase, Clay, Clemens,
Dickinson, Downs, Foote, Hale, Hunter, King,
Mangum, Ma?on, Miller. Morton, Pearce, Rusk,
Sebastian. Seward, Smirh, Spruance, Sturgeon,
Turney, Uoderwood, Wslker. and Whitecsih?31.
So the motion was rejected.
The next suhdivi*ion was then read :
" And provided, further, That said committee
shall not take into consideration any question in
relation to the suhject of domestic slavery in the
United States, which shall not be specially referred
to it by order of the Senate, by name."
The question being taken, it resulted as follows
Ykas?Messrs. Benton, Dodge of Iowa, Dodge
of Wisconsin, Felch, and Jones?f>.
Nays?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Borland,
Bright, Butler, Cass, Chase, Clay, Clemens,
Davis of Mississippi, Dickinson, Downs, Foote,
Hunter, King, Mangum, Mason, Morton, Pearce,
Rusk, Sebastian. Seward, Smith, Spruance, Sturgeon,
Turney, Underwood, amrWalker?'-'9.
So the amendment was rejected.
The question then recurred on the amendment
aP tViA Swnufrnr fVnrn Muinu I Mr l-lumltn 1
" Except so much as relates to the admission of
California as a State."
Mr. Seward. I call for the yeas and nays.
The yens and nays were ordered; and, being
taken, resulted as follows:
Yeas?Messrs. Baldwin, Benton, Bradbury,
Chase, Clarke, Dodge of Iowa, Dodge of Wisconsin,
Felch, Greene, Ilale, Hamlin, Jones, Miller,
Norris, Phelps, Seward, Smith, Spruance,Walker,
and Webster?20.
Navs?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell. Borland,
Bright, Butler, Cass, ClayvClemens, Paris
of Mississippi, Dickinson, Downs, Eoote, Hunter,
King, Manguin. Mason, Morton, Pearce, Rusk,
Sebastian, Soul6, Sturgeon, Turney, and Underwood?25.
So the amendment was rejected.
Mr. Ywlee. Mr. President. I with to ho allowed
to say, as a reason for not voting upon that amendment,
that I had agreed to pair off for a short time
with a gentleman who is not now present.
Mr. Walker. I move to amend the resolution
by the insertion of the words:
" Except such parts thereof as relate to the
recnpture and return of fugitives from service or
On that question I ask the yeas and nays.
The yeas and nays were accordingly ordered.
The question being taken on Mr. Walkers
amendment, it resulted as follows:
Yeas?Messrs Baldwin, Benton, Chase,
Clarke, Davis of Massachusetts, Dayton, Dodge
of Wisconsin, Felch, Greene, Hale, Hamlin, Miller,
Norris, Phelps. Seward, Shields, and Walker?17.
Navs?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Borland,
Bright. Butler, Cass, Clay, Clemens, Davis
of Mississippi, Dickinson. Dodge of Iowa, Downs,
Foofe, Hunter, Jones, King. Adangum, Mason,
Morton, Pearce, Rusk,Sebasiifl^Spruance,Sturgeon,
Turney, and Underwood?27.
So the amendment was rejected.
Mr. Hale. Mr. President, I would respectfully
suggest to the Senate that, as these various
subjects are to be referred to the committee, all
the petitions and remonstrances received by the
Senate at this session, end now lying on the table,
re'ative to subjects contained in the resolutions
proposed to be referred, should also be referred
to the committee. 1 therefore offer the following
amendment, and upon it ask for the yeas and
i ays:
"That all petitions and remonstrances received
this session on the subjects mentioned in the resolutions
of the Senator from Kentucky [Mr. Clay |
and the Senator from Tennessee, | Mr. Bell,] referred
to a select committee of thirteen, be taken
from the table and referred to the same committee"
TV. n .>?. on.t nfltfB wpi-p lUn nritorfxl
Mr. Clay. 1 hope the petitions will he referred.
I hope the motion will prevail. I do not promise
to read all the petitions if they are referreJ. 1
suppose the committee will gfefeel bound to read
them all. but perhaps one o^Pro of a class.
Mr. King. 1 shall not vote for th? reference
proposed by the Senator from New Hampshire.
I have been opposed to the reception of these petitions,
as being improper to be countenanced by
the Senate of the United States. Sir, we have
frequently voted sgunst thrir reoption. Hut
thin session we tried it again ; and, to our utter
astonishment, found that a contrary opinion prevailed,
and that petiliona asking for what, if
granted, would produce a state of things in this
country that would shake the Government to its
foundation, have been received, but received with
the declaration that they should lie on the table.
Now it is proposed to send them to a aelect committee
I am for its taking into consideration
every legitimate and proper subject that appertains
to the settlement of the great an l exciting
questions before the country ; but I am not in
tavor of taking up petitions praying for a dissolution
of the Union, and petitions very similar to
the one rejected the other day, asking that the
slaves be armed against their owners. I am not
in favor of taking up petitions praying that the
slave trade between the States be prohibited,
when the Supreme Court of the United States
has declared any interference with it to be unconstitutional.
We ourselves this day have rg^
jected a proposition made by the Senator fro^
Missouri on that very subject.
New, sir, what is the object of sending these
petitions to the committee 7 What is to be effected
by it? Is it to force us, who believe that all
such incendiary publications are calculated to
produce mischief in the country,-to vote on the
question, in oHcr to gratify those miserable fsuaticx?for
1 will cull thorn by that namf-who
in! here time and again petition* of thin character,
to keep up the escitement on thia question ?
Nor do I wish to rotefor the gratification of those
who hold similar sentiments on this floor.
I trust that my friend from Kentucky will reconsider
the view of the matter which he has
taken. 1 trust that the Senate of the United
States will not put us in a position that we consider
to be most insulting to us as Senators, and
degrading to our feelings as Southern men.
Mr. Hale. I wiah to say that I think the Senator
from Alabama is mistaken. In the first
plaoe, the Senate voted not to receive the petitions
to dissolve the Union ; no that that part of
bis argument falls. In the second place, the resolution
to arm the slaves was taken np and disposed
of; it is not lying on the table. There is
the other half of the argument gone And what
| is there left 1 Now, let us suppose here areaiity
of the wisest men in the nation ; no, 1 will not include
myself, I will be mors homble; bat there
are fifty-nioe such Senators Any one of this
sanhedrim may gat op and poor oat the light of
his wise and appropriate resolutions, and the Senate,
after full oor sideration of the matter, have
ooncluded they will refer these resolutions to a
committee. Well, sir, oar sovereigns, the people, i
have sent here some of their thonghts, in the form
of petitions, and I propose simply and solely to
take up the petitions which relate to the subjects
that are to be referred to the oommittee, and
nothing more; to take them off the table and refer
| them. And this is insulting to us I That is, it
; is respectful to refer our own cogitations, but insulting
to send to the committee the thouehts of
{ the people, the authors of all political power !
Now, it seems to me, if the Senator from Alabama
will exercise a little of that sober reflection
and calm consideration which he commended to
I the Senator from Kentucky, he will think that he
spoke a little unadvisedly when he came out so
' eloquently and so vehemently upon the simple
proposition to send these subjects, which are perfectly
germane, to the committee What are the
subjects which it is proposed to refer 1 Why, sir,
the subject of the abolition of slavery in the District
of Columhisi is one unit i? ! .?? k? l
? -w -?J ? * ?o UVV UlUU^Ill
here by Abolitionists or fanatic*, or anybody e!*e
of that sort. Sir, it is introduced here tfjr the
honorable Senator from Kentucky, a repreaentati?e
from a slave State, and the honorable Senator
from Mississippi, who has be< n so jealous of
the constitutional rights of the slaveholding
Slates. Yes, sir, the great champion of onmitutional
right on this floor has moved the Senate to
refer the subject of the abolition of slavery in the
District of Columbia to a committee of thirteen.
The sixth resolution of the Senator from Kentucky
is, "that it is expedient to prohibit the
slave trade in the District of Columbia, but tb??
it is inexpedient to abolish slavery w'.thin the
District." Now, sir, by the introdu< .ion of the
subject by a Seuator from a slave Slate, and upon
the motion of another Senator from a slave State,
these very subjects are to be referred to this committee.
Well, sir, the people send petitions here.
Now, shall not the petitions of the people be
heard? Is a resolution from a Senator of more
dignity than the voice of the people themselves,
coming here by legitimate petition? ft seems to
mc tbe idea is monstrous^ and that it is insulting,
not to the Senate, but tho people, to tell them
that we will raise grand committees, and will
consider everything under Heaven, but that
what the people a*k shall not t>e heard, and that
t is insulting to have them come here. 1 certainiy
did not suppose 1 was doing anything but adding
what was omitted by some mistake in this
matter. While the matter was to be referred, f
thought 1 w is supplying &n oversight in moving
to refer these very subjects to this committee.
Mr Clay. Sir, I congratulate you, I congratulate
the nation, I congratulate mankind, upon
the prospect that now opens for a fioal and amicable
settlement of this question. I believe such
a settlement will be made after the occurrences
ui iiim wren, uuu Knrr waai we Know 01 me patriotic
disposition of the majority in the other
House Now, sir, when these questions ure settled,
I want uo man to have it in his power to go
home and make just such speeches as the Senator
before me [Mr. Hale] has made in the Senate. I
want no man to go home and endeavor to excite
the people by usiug such language as this:
' Your petitions were treated with the utmost
indignity. They were laid on the table, unread,
unourtixdvavf and when I proposed to refer tfuiu
to the committee to which all the subject-matters
of the petitions were referred, and with which, !
therefore, they had a necessary connection, even
that w;ts opposed."
I stn no great hand at making a stump speech,
but I think 1 could take up that theme in such a
way as to exasperate and excite the populace. 1
hope these petitions will he taken up and referred
to the committee. 1 do not think there is any
fear that they will recommend any mischievous
plan. Whereas 1 do fear that the non-reference
of these petitions would tarnish the prospect of
a general amity, with satisfaction to the whole
country. 1 am, therefore, in favor of the reference
of these petitions to the committee.
Mr. Mason of Virginia protested strongly
against dignifying the petitions by a reference.
Mr Clemens of Alabama did not attach much
importance to them. He believed them all humhug?.
Mr. Davis objected to Mr. Hale's motion as out
of order, the petitions not being before the Senate.
and the Chair sustained the objection
The question was then taken on the motion as
1 trt thi* rMrtlnfinno nf Maumv
and Bell to a select committee of thirteen, and
carried, as follows:
Ykas?Messrs. AtchisoD, Badger, Bell, Borland,
Bright, Butler, Cass, Clay, Clemens, Davis
of Mississippi, Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa, Downs,
Foote, Hunter, Jones, King, Mangum, Mason,
Morton, Pearce, Rusk, Sebastian, 8oul?, Spruance.
Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood, Whitcomb,
and Yulee?30.
Nays?Messrs. Baldwin, Benton, Bradbury,
Chase, Clarke, Corwin, Davis of Massachusetts,
Dayton, Dodge of Wisconsin, Douglas, Felch,
Greene, Hale, Hamlin, Milter, Norrls, Phelps,
Seward, Shields, Smith, Walker, and Webster?
[On the final vote, it is perceived, the two Iowa
Senators deserted the minority, and went for
Mr. Clay moved an adjournment, but waived
the motion to allow a motion which Mr. Hale
wished to mnke, to he read.
[It was the same as that made by him above ]
The motion to adjourn was renewed, but withdrawn
at the request of
Mr. Douglas, who moved now to take tip the
California bill ; pending which, the Senate adjourned.
[We wish to call the attention of the People
to the position in which the majority, especially
the members of it from the free States, MessrsBright,
Cass, Dickinson, Sturgeon, and Whitcomb,
placed themselves, by voting nay on every
point of the instruction* proposed by Mr. Benton.
The resolutions of Messrs. Clay and Bell
embraced all sorts of questions connected with
the subject of Slavery, the Territories, and California.
The design of its projectors was to give
plenipotentiary powers to the committee to which
the resolutions were to bo referred, and leave it
at perfect liberty to make what combinations and
recommendations it pleased Mr. Benton and
the friends of California wished to prevent the
question of the admission of California from
being connected?
1. With any legislation requiring the assent of
any other State to it* completion
2. With any question of boundary pertaining
to any other State :
3. With any measure of less dignity than the
recept ion of a State:
I. With any cohnpact relating to Slavery, or to
any slate State or Territory, other than the compact
of the Constitution:
>. With any compict whatsoever, other than
the compacts of the Constitution
(>. With any measure proposing a reduction of
the hound tries of California:
7. With any kind of a compact other than has
been required of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan,
Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Arkansas,
Missouri Iowa, Wisconsin, and Florida:
8. With any measure making her party to a
compact, so long as she shall have no representation
in the Senate
9. With any matter foreign to her admission as
a State in a direct manner, precisely on an equal
footing with the original States
On every one of these points, Messrs. Cass,
Bright, Whitcomb, Dickinson, and Sturgeon,
voted in the negative, thereby leaving the Committee
of Compromise at perfect liberty to mutilate
the boundaries, or compromise the interests
and rights of the free 8tate of California, to any
extent, in any manner whatsoever.
We know that these gentlemen may plea<l that
they voted thus, to prevent the proposition of a
Committee of Compromise from being embarrassed
; but this will not satisfy the people of the
free States?for, when has any of them, by word
or act, in the Senate or elsewhere, expressed himself
in favor of the admission of California as a
separate measure?in favor of preserving her
present boundaries and Constitution, and keeping
her from being complicated with other questions?
The only authoritative exposition of their sentiments
is to be found in their votes?and we ask
the People of the free Slakes what opinions tnd
policy do these votes proclaim ?)
We hope Mr. Whitcomb, at least, will not
suffer his position to remain in doabt.
SrasTtoan, April 15, lt?50.
Six: For Free-Soilers at a distance to understand
the late election in Connecticut, they I
should know our position. In the first place, we
considered it morally impossible for the Democrats
to get the Senate, and they (the Democrat*)
privately conceded they could not. It was then
our (the Free-Soilers) object, as we were morally
certain of 4 Free-Soilera out of VI, to indirectly
aid in closely oontested districts, in the election
of Democrats, as a plurality electa For this reason,
about 20 ef oar beat friends thought It their
duty to vote for Borrill, the Democratic candidate
; and it is not yet known who is elected, so
clone is the vote. Had oar votes been withheld, 1
the Democrats would hive had no chance in the
loth distriot.
Next, the Temperance Question worked against
the Whigs, and lost thein a great many rotes
Yours, flic.,
As* 8. Coans.
We call attention to the Circular of the
New York Eeening Post, published in another
column The Post is thoroughly, consistently
i ?<-uiucrauc, ana mereiore anu-siavery. The
Union nays that its politic* are "execrable"?high
praise, as coming from a paper which can overlook
all the political sin* of Daniel Webster, on
account of hir concurrence in the policy of slaveholders
respecing the Territories of the Uuited
The P*it has always signalised itself as a pioneer
in the work if Democratic reform , and Among
the papers that advocate the cause of Free Soil, it
is eminent fo its ability, earnestness, and firmness.
It i? aithal an*i(.dependent Journal, very
ranch ir the habit of expressing and enforcing its
own rraviotions of Right, in disregard of party
cot ?ideration* There is no paper we take
mor pleasure in reading than the New York
I F.veniog Post.
Friday, A veil 19, IR'jO.
Petition* ou rlre swhj.Tt of slavery; rut usual, j
were presented. Mr. Hale, in submitting one,
moved that it be referred to the committee of |
thirteen Mr. Atchison moved to lay the question
of reception on the table, and this motion
prevailed, as follows:
Ykas?Messrs. Atchison, Iladger, Bell, Borland,
Butler, Clemens, Davis of Mississippi,
Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa, Foote, Jones, King,
Mangum, Mason, Morton. Pearce, Rusk, Sebastian,
Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood?21.
Nays?Messrs Baldwin, Bright,Chase,Clarke,
Corwin, Davis of Massachusetts Dayton, Dodge
of Wisconsin, (ireene, Hale, Hamlin, Milter,
Norris, Phelps, Seward, Smith, Walker, Whitcomb?18.
The Senate, on motion of Mr. Douglas, took up
thp (? hill nml mAfia ir th*? hiaomoI
immediately after the election of the committee of
thirteen should have taken place.
The Senate then proceeded to ballot for the
Chairman of the committee of thirteen. Mr.
Clay received 27 votes, Messrs. Bell, Mingum,
and Benton, each 1?and there were 1 blanks.
The blanks not being counted, the Vice President
aunounced that there was no election, as a
quorum had not voted. Messrs. Webster and
Benton rose simultaneously, to offer their votes, <
for the sake of relieving the Senate of its embarrassment.
Mr. Webster voted for Mr Clay,
making a qnorum ; Mr. Benton then did not vote ;
Mr Clay was declared to be elected.
The Senate proceeded to ballot for the members
of the committee, who were elected on the first
ballot, as follows:
Messrs. Cass, Dickinson, Bright, Webster,
Phelps, Cooper, King, Mason, Downs, Mingum,
Bell, aud Berrien?those gentlemen having received
a majority of all the votes cast.
Mr. Phelps asked to be excused. He said?
I have considered from the outlet that the appointment
of this committee would result io nothing
more nor less than the expression of opinion
on the pne side and the other, and probably we
shall get nothing new upon the subject?nothing
except what Senators have already expressed in
their place on this floor. But, sir, this question
has assumed an importance in the country which
will render it necessary for every man on this
committee to be prepared to vindicate his course.
And i may bo permitted to say that 1 think, in
all human probability, to say nothing more, that
the result of the whole proceeding will be unsatisfactory
to my constituents and to myself. Under
these circumstances, 1 should feel myself
compelled, if assigned to the committee, to prepare
my own opinions for my own vindication, to
b^pread "before the oountry, which is more than
mjjMbehle health would possibly allow. I hope,
therefore, that 1 shall be excused.
Mr. Manguni and Mr. Webster both appealed
to him, earnestly, to withdraw his request.
M r. Phelps. A word more. 1 cannot, in justice
to myself, withdraw this application. The
subject is with the Senate, and if they do not see
fit to gratify me in this particular, why, of course, I
1 must make the best of my position.
rnu. CI A- At c 1 a 1 1
i ne ftruHie men reiugeu to excuse mm.
Mr. Benton. The day is yet before, us and !
there is plenty of time left. 1 propose the following
u That the paid committee bo instructed to report
separately upon each different subject referred
to it, and that said committee tack no two
bills of different natures together, nor join in the
same bill any two or more subjects which are in
their nature foreigu, incoherent, or incongruous
to esch other."
Its consideration was objected to, and it went
over one day under the rule.
Mr. Hale made an ineffectual attempt to have
the anti-slavery petitions taken up and referred
to the committee of thirteen
The California bill w is then taken up, but
Mr. Mason strongly protesting against its consideration
during the absence of the oommittee
appointed to attend the remains of John C, Calhoun
to South Carolina, it was postponed till
Monday two weeks.
Mr. Butler of South Carolina, during the conversation
about |K)stponement, remarked that all
seemed to take for grunted that the bill was to be
taken up and considered as a separate measure.
Mr. Clay snid : My friend from South Carolina
is mis'aken if he supposes that that bill, standing
by itself and alone, is to pass this Senate without
a struggle, and, I trust, u successful one. I have
got amendments now in my hand, attaching to it
the Territorial hills, whenever the proper time
may arise to present them. I have also prepared
amendments providing for the settlement of the
Texas boundary question, which I may, or may
not, think proper to offer. But, beyond all 1
doubt, 1 shall move to amend the bill by adding
to it the Territorial bills And 1 hope, from
all the demonstrations that have been made, that !
there can be but little doubt that the majority of
the Senate favor such a proposition 1
Mr. Benton. The Senator from Kentucky has
amendments in his baud to offer to the hill, and
I have got the parliamentary law in my hands to
show that he will undertake to do a thing which
is flagrantly illegal, and violative of parliamen- 1
"" J "?"
Mr. Clay. One won!, sir. I know thecharocter
and eminence of the Senator from Missouri
for dwelling on parliamentary law; but I will
take issue with him on his parliamentary law,
and I will show that no such parliamentary law
eiisls in any parliament on earth.
Mr. Henton. I will meet the Senator on that
point, then. And if I can show him four good
large volumes, I will show him that there is such
a law, and I will make it a case of yrof'rt in open
court. He is to go out denying the laws when
four quarto volumes which contain it are produced
and read. We will see about it.
Mr. Hale now moved to take up the petition on
the table, relating to the subject referred" to the
committee of thirteen, and refer them also to
said committee.
Mr. Atchison of Missouri rose to move to lay
the motio i upon the table, and the question being
taken, the vote stood?
Ykas? Messrs. Atchison Badger, Hell, Borland,
Butler, Clay, Davis of Mississippi, Dickinson,
Dodge of lows, Downs, Foote, Hunter,
Jones, King, Mangum, Maaon, Morton, Pearoe,
Ruak, Sebastian, Soul**, Sturgeon, Turney, Yulee?
Navs?Messrs Baldwin, Bradbury, Bright,
Chase, Clarke, Corwin, Davis of Massachusetts,
Dayton, Dodge of Wisconsin, Douglas, Greene,
Hale, Hamlin, Miller, Norris, Phslps, Seward,
Shields, Smifh, Spruance, Underwood, Walker,
GO IDS motion to lay upon me lauio wan ligrrrei |
And then, on motion, the Senate adjourned till j
[Mr. Ci.ay, with all hi* apparent liberality, a
voted, it will be remarked, against tending the
petitions of the People to the Committee to which
he had his own resolutions referred, although
the petitions related to the subjects treated of in
the resolutions. Ills respect for himself is far
greater than his respect lor the People. Jones
and Dodge of Iowa, and Sturgeon of Pennsylva- '
nia, concurred with him in opinion and policy ] 1
Mompay, Aran. 22, 1850.
Several anti-shvery petitions were presented (
Mr. Benton called up his resolution instructing
the committee of thirteen to make a separate report
on each subject referred to them. t
The reeolution being taken up, Mr. Benton, at
great length, contended that it was unparliament- |
ary to combine in the same bill Incongruous
measures Me gave notioe that a fortnight hence, *
when the war had begun in earnest, he should 1
resort to every parli mentary mode of resisting c
the combination of any other measure with California.
Mr Clay spoke briefly in reply to Mr. Benton ,
On motion, the aubjeot was laid on the table.
L C., APRIL 25, 185(
And, after a short Kxecutire session, the Senate
TUESDAY, April 5?1, 1800.
The Senate was occupied in buaineee of little
or no general importance.
Ti esday, April 16, 18.')0.
The Clerk was proceeding to read the Journal
of yesterday, when
Mr. Hall rose and desired to know on what
authority any one had prepared the Journal of
yesterday, and on what authority an individual
now proceeded to re id it? A Doorkeeper and
Postmaster were now in office by sufferance and
h? was not willing to hare a Clerk of the House
appointed in the same w iy.
The Speaker replied that the Journal was prepared,
as usual, under the directiou of the Speaker.
The individu il at the desk was a subordinate
officer of the late Clerk, and, iu the opinion of the
Cnair, now occupied the position which he previously
occupied He was not authorised to occupy
the position of the Clerk of the House.
Until the election of a Clerk, the House was not
organised, and no business could be transacted
until the election took place. This could not prevent
the reading or correction of the Journal. In
the original orgnnix itiou, the Journal was rend
before the election of Speaker.
TKn I (tiirnul nf voutoi>>lav u-au tl,o>. sao.l
Mr. Harris of Illinois moved that the House
now proceed to the election of Clerk.
Mr. Brown offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That the order heretofore passed by
the House, postponing the election of a Doorkeeper,
be and the same is hereby rescinded ; and that
the Houseof Representatives will proceed at once
to the election of a Clerk and Doorkeeper for the
31st Congress.
The Fp*:tk*r wi? of opi?ior> nc? rerciwtienor
husifless was in order until a Clerk had been
elected; and th# House could take no action or
trans ct any business until the election of Clerk
Mr. Brown appealed.
And the question hating been submitted to the
House, the Speaker was sustained.
The question was then taken on the motion of
Mr. Harris of Illinois, that the House now proceeded
to the election of Clerk; and it was
agreed to. ?
Af er several ineffectual balloting*, the House
Wednesday, April 17, 1830.
The House resumed the business of balloting
for Clerk. The Free Soil members on the earlier
trials cast their votes for Stansbury of Vermont.
The leading candidates were?R M. Young, P.
B Prindle, and J. C. Walker. On the last trial,
1S8 votes were cast ? necessary to a choice, 9.7.
Young (Democrat) received 96, j. C. Walker 8^,
Scattering 10. So Mr. Young was declared to be
eleeted Clerk. Adjourned.
Tucrsday, Aran- 18, 1830.
The new Clerk appeared and was qualified.
Mr. Brown of Mississippi submitted charges
(h? J > nor keeper, on whic(j Messrs
Newell, Phelps, Leiner, and Caldwell, were appointed
a committee.
The House resolved itself into Committee of
the Whole on the state of the Union, and took up
the President's California message. Mr. Ewing
of Tennessee addressed the Committee, advocating
compromise aud union.
Mr. Alston of Alabama delivered a speech, advocating
Blavery on t-criptural ground, quoting
liberally from the Old and New Testaments.
The Committee rose, and the House adjourned.
Friday, Arum 19, 1830.
Mr. Winthrop took the chair this morning, at
the request of Mr. Cobb, who was necessarily
Mr. Thomas moved that the House go into
Committee on the private calendar
Mr. Allen offered, as a privileged motion, a resolution
to terminate the debate on the President's
California message, and the proposition pending,
on Tuesday next, at one o'clock.
The Speaker pro tem. decided that the gentleman
was not in order, as Mr. Thomas had moved
to go into Committee.
The motion of Mr. Thomas was agreed to.
Several bills were considered, aud the Committee
On motion of Mr. Olds, the committee to investigate
the charges against R. E Horner, th^ioordeeper
of the House, were empowered to seud for
persons and papers.
An effort was made to adjourn, but the motion
did not prevail
The House then went into Committee of the
Whole on the statu of the Union, on the California
Mr. Cleveland of Conneticut delivered a speech
advocating Free Soil, and denouncing the want of
filelity in certain Northern representatives.
The Committee rose, and the House adjourned
until Monday.
Monday, April 22, 1850.
Mr. Speaker Cobh called the House to order.
The House refu8ed,on a vote by yeas and nays
of 92 in the affirmative and 74 in the negative, to
suspend the rules to admit a resolution instructing
the Committee on the Post Office and Post
Roads to introduce a bill for the abolition of the
franking privilege, for the reduction of the rates
of postage, &C.
Mr. Richardson, by unanimous consent, introduced
his resolution asking the appointment of a
committee of riiuo. to investigate the charges
made against Mr Kwing, of having reopened old
claims, and allowed extraordinary interest on
such claims, 4tc.
Mr. Gentry proposed as a substitute a resolution
calling upon Mr. Kwisg to make report upon
the subject, instead of appointing a committee
of members of Congress to makethe investigation.
Mr Meade favored the call, but preferred the
substitute of Mr. Gentry.
Mr. Vinton opposed the appointment of a committee
as unprecedented. The mere fact of the
appointment of such a committee carried with it
the impression that the charges were well-founded.
He was therefore npposed to the appointment
of a committee, but in favor of the call upon
Mr Kwing to report himself in his own case.
The debate was further continued by Messrs.
Stanton, Toombs, Robinson, Baker,' Evans of
Maryland, Burt, Stanly, Dunham, Bayly, Gidlings,
McClernand, Thompson of Mississippi,
Finally, the resolution of Mr. Richardson was
posaed?yeas (Jf), nays 7d.
Mr. Stanly then introduced a resolution of the
same terms of that of Mr. Richardson of Illinois,
calling upon the Secretary of the Interior to report
to the House in regard to the claims upon
which interest had been allowed, &c.
Mr. Meade said there would be no objection to
the resolution, if the gentleman would so modify
it us to require the Secretary to make the report
to the committee of investigation.
Mr. Stanly. No, never. To the House, or not
it all.
Mr. Carter. I object to the reception of the
resolution. We have a committee to investigate
;be matter. B
Mr Stanly moved to suspend the rules, and on
hat motion demanded the yeas and nays. They
sere ordered.
Mr. Thomas moved that the House adjourn,
vhieh question was taken by yeas and nays, and
be House refused by a vote of 00 to liO.
The rules were then suspended, and the resoution
of Mr. Stanly was introduced.
The House received the resolution of Mr.
>tanly, but refused to suspend the rules to havs
iction upon it to-day.
Mr. Thompson of Pennsylvania, from the JudU
liary Committee, reported back with numerous
intendments the Senate bill providing for taking
a iL TL- V-Ill t - iL.
hp HPfPDiQ ct'imuH a uc uiu w.i? iuaue loe ?pc- |
:ial order for Wednesday next.
Mr. Miller, from the minority of said commit- j
ee. reported a substitute fortheentire hill, which
ordered to he printed.
The House then, at half-post fire o'clock, with>nt
transacting any other business of importance,
adjourned. ,
Tkkmiay, Ai'Kii. 23, 1850.
After the business of the morning hour, the i
louse resolved itself into Committee of the 1
Whole on the state of the Union, and Mr. More- {
tea l of Kentucky occupied his hour in a speech i
n Northern aggressions and against the Wilmot 1
'roviso. ]
Mr. Peck of Vermont followed on the opposite
The Committee rose, and the House adjourned. '
Baltimokc, AprU 29, i860.
B"f Outle.?Prices range from 13 50 to SI.50
>er hundred pounds on the hoof, being equal to
17 a $8 75 net, and averaging S I 25 gross.
Hofi.?Price, 15 a $5 50 per hundred pounds
Flovr?On 8atnrday, after the reoeipt of the
teamer's advices, there were sales of 1,500 barrels
-foward Street flour at 15, being an advance of
welve and a half cents. City Mills, $5.
OruiM.?Wheat oontinnaa firm; Maryland rad,
>1.12. On Saturday, the market tut corn improv>d
a little, and to-day a farther improvement was
nanifeeted, whlta, 53 a 55 oents ; yellow, 55 a 56
>ents. Oats, 35 a 37 cents
t'OMSfinmoM STOKE.
llfM OIJ If NIKON, General f'omnu(ton MrrcXunt. 101
W Boreiv'i Wharf, BnMimerr, Md. Dm U.-lj
The Annirereary of the American end t oreign Anti-Slarery
Society i? appointed to he held thte jeer at the Krondway
Tabernacle, New York, on Tutaday, May 7th, at three
o'elock, P. M
t ? .a- *
? ???' ? i?*p rl will be read, and
Resolutions will be i tiered anl ?u. wined by Samuel
Lewi*, Esq., Hon J. R. Oldding* and K#t Henry Ward
It i? expected that Oeorge W. Alexander end JobnCandler,
of England, wbo ere on a rlslt to the West Indiee, will
be present at the Anni Ternary.
It l? intended to b ite a meeting for dl?c>n*ion on the day
following the AnnlTereary.
s s jo ;elyn,
william lillie,
william jay,
C, B. KAY,
Cj.n.rulttt of Arrunfemmt .
UT" Editor* friendly to the cause, throughout the rout*
try, are requested to ineert the abore until the Annirer
(Kf The must epUudid I lotting Establishment to b?
foun I in New England, or the country, ie GEORGE If
la'ge. and price* low. Hi* admirable system of doing buainee*
ha* reudered him popular with the buaineaa public.
The public are hereby notilie-1 that Wiyiam Beard, of
Union county, Indiana, i* appointed Gentral Agent for I 'nion
Literary Institute, (a manual labor school for colored
yonthj located in Randolph county, Indiana,) and is fully
authoriaed to solicit donations, receire money*, Ac., fur the
institution aforesaid, and i* hereby commended to the .iber>.
V-V* V;* hrtai Jhcea-uf ti;? av.d b?na;?M- :?
those place* which he may viait. Hy order of the Board of
Oorrttponding UterHarij
[ U. L. ImtUute, April 3, lS.VI.-2t.
Cty FOWLERS 4- WELL^ PUrtnn'agult and PbIrihers,
Clinton Halt, 131 Nium street, New York Olhce
of the I Filter Cure aud PhrenolMKiil Jjitrnith.
(Iffi ~e of thl Evening Pott,
\o IS Nat siv Sim I, Nrv York ''ily
T^HK Weekly Evening Post I* hereafter to !>e published
i upon a sheet of the same site as thtt on which our daily
etitiuu is printed, Phis enlargement, which enables us to
prin* twelve additional columns of matter, or what will be
equivalent to uiure than on* third more than the previous
Contents of that paper, lias been resolved upon from a desire
to make our weekly edition more complete, but without luten
ling t > increase Its cost to subscribers.
We cannot permit the occasion to p*?l, however, without
reminding our friends that the change we contemplate will
very materially increase our expenses, for which manythousand
additional sulworibers will be necessary to indemnity
us. We issue our Weekly for one dollar a year to single
subscribers, and eleven copies to one address for ten dollars.
In its former shaiie, we lie ieve it to have been the cheap
est journal published in the I'nited Mates In nearly doubling
:ts sirs, we feel that we establish a claim upin our readeraiad/fleiil*
to which <A a *pa aowy wot exease <? for
directing their attention
The Evening f oat Is the oldest l>emorratlo paper in the
State of New York, and one of the oldest in the I'nited
States The plan U|on which it has been conducted has not
lieen calculated to secure for It any but disinterested sup
pirt. Its editorial column bare been uuif .rmly appropriated
to what were deemed matter* of public coiicirn, and
the proprietor! confidently appeal to Its whole history, embracing
now a period of only one yesr less than half a century,
to show a single instance in which It has circulated
opinions which it* editors did not eutertain, or advocated
measures which they supposed did not tend to the public
good In prosecuting this course, they have been frequently
brojght lu couflict with the privste interests of individuals
anil of classes, they have been oouipelled to disoblige old
and valued friends, to sssall boa*y and cuiise<*iated prejudice
au l to denounce w.ckedness and crime in high pliers.
The laithful discharge of such duties Is certain to arouse
the active hostility of multitude*, but it Is likely to make a
few aetive friend*. The champion of the public interest,
however efficient and successful may be the service he reu
ders, rarely inspires any individual with the sense of pereonal
obligation. While there may be tena of thousands to
approve, there may not be ten who will think of rewarding
The time is pretty sure to come, howerer, when history
steps forward to vindicate the osrevr of the Independent
jouriiHiiKt. huh n> rewsru nun in some uegree mr the sacrifice*
which fan course may hare subjected him to. Of that
reaurd, ttie Kvening Post ha* nut besn ''fulfil it* share
It ha* a historical inheritance of whtoh anyjuarnal might t>e
proud, fbr It will If difficult to point, tog single priuclple
which ha" heen finally Inoor|>oratcd into tba public policy of
this country, that doe* not owe it* position there in Some
degree to the advocacy of this journal, while ita volume*,
now accumulated to a library, abound with evidence* of If*
aucce**fui oppo*itloti to innumerable measures the fraguientary
ruina of which lie strewed along the highway of our
national history.
More than twenty year* age, the Kvening I'cet began to
plead for the doctrine* of free trade when every Northern
journal waa either silent or opeuly advocating protective
tariff*. The Kvening Post wait one of the earliest champions
of State Itight* against the eiicruachmeuta of the Federal
Government; It ha* restated with unceasing effort that system
of internal improvements which at one time threatened
the budding enterprise of this country with the iinet|iial and
fatal com pet It loll of the General Government; it iiaa opposed
special legislation and all grants of special privilege*, wherever
and whenever ita oppoeitiun seemed to he required ; It
labored with no ordinary devotion to rid the country of the
national hank, and to establish in its stead the sub treasury
system, which now remains one of the most durable and
conspicuous monuments of American statesmanship; it has
steadfastly defended the right of petition; it resisted the
passage of the last bankrupt law ; it resisted the a*suuiptlon
of the State debts; and it has resisted every etfurtto extend
the ares of human slavery.
It began the discussion of most of these <|tieafi?n* alone
and single handed ; it was compelled to continue their agits
lion, uot. only without the aid, but ufuu in dotiaiimi of party
organisation Three several times the Kvening I'ost has
been deduunced from Tammany llall, for the profession of
opinions which were subsequently accepted a* the Indispensable
faith of every democrat %ho desired to remain in foil
communion with his party Kven now It is under the ban
of the same organisation, fur its uuo unpromising resistance
to the extension of slavery, though ws confidently h?pe that
the time is uot far distant when this heresy, like those which
hare preceded it in the history of this journal, may be
transfigured Ints the accepted policy of our party and of the
Without anticipating the future, it Is our present consolation
to know that, whereas, only s few yesrs since, the ills
cus'ion of slavery was proscribed in all legislative bodies,
now it is almost the only subject discussed in any of them ;
whereas slavery once was never to he mentioned,even in tl e
Northern States, evesnt to 11>- defended or to it*
67 !
Strlh Street, routh oj P'nntyhanta Avenw.
Ltebate Id the Senate on the Kigbt of Petition, eon tain in#
Speerhee of Meter*, t h??e, Seward, and Hale. Sixteen
page*. Price, $1 per 100.
Speeches of Mr. Biasell of lllin>l*, and Mr. Campbell of
Ohio, on the same subject. Prlee cf each, SO cent* per 100.
Speech of M r. Ca Ih.un of South Carolina, on the Slarery
Question, delivered in the Senate of the United State*,
March 4, ISSO. Price, SO cent* per 100.
Speech of Mr. Seward, of New York, on Mr. Clay's Coin
pr.mlee Ktsolutlona, delirered in the Senyeof the United
States. March It IK.C1 Pei?. *1 ~e t?i
( Speech of Mr. Kowl#r, of Maaaaehuaetta, on tba Slavery
Queation, delivered in the Houm of KfprewoUtim, Marrn
11,1850. Price, fl per UO
Speech of Mr Uiddinge,of f)hio, In the Honae of Repfearnutivea,
on Slavery in the Turrit >riea. Price, SO eent?
per Ilk).
THIS Eatabliahment, having been completely refitted
thie winter, i? iww ready f,.r the reception of riaiteri.
It la beautifully aitoa'ed nmorg the bill* at the head ofc
Skeneafete* lake, ii eupplied with the pureet of water. end
ample in quantity.
It ie e*?y of aceeae Peraona from New York, Ronton,
I 4lb<tny,or Buffalo, can be brought b? railroad, and ,'eetnhoat
on Skaneatelea lake, to the CI'IIE, ami Iron the
outbern part of the State can reach it by the Kinghamtou
1 and Glen Hacen ?tage. Per?ona winking to bring h-raee
and carriage, can hare them *ept in ?ur atahlea, which are
new and c immodiuua, and the goeata In our I tire will receive
tnry attention. J ACKS'JN, UI.EASON, A CO.
fiirn II irra, .Scoff, Cortland f'o , S. Y , April, 1850.
April 15-3m
urbuLnrms age.
CAONTKNTK OP No 311 ? Price, twelre and a half
J cent*.
I. Pope Juan.?AortA Hr tub lltrmr
1. The Scarlet letter ? AVer Yord Tribune.
3. Story of a China Plate
4. Self Sacrifice.
? Value of Ciphe.ra ?from the Frrnrh.
. ^ f rU.T>mi in Ifcatm -JV? ;.W ?y -
7 White Jacket; Man of War ? A'eir Yor* Tubtine.
8 MUcellaiiiea. by W K William a?/A
1 Preneh Election*; German Jew) -uelea and Kngtierlcc
Hungarian Soidiera; theCaar and Palniera'on; Church and
State , Partition of SwiUerUud.?Examlnor.
Wleh Pete, --a 1
Washimotow, December27, 18-14.
Of All the Periodical Journal* devoted to literature and
acienc*. which abound in Furope and in thia country, thia
has appeared to me to be the moat uaeful. It contain* in
deed the expoaltion only of the current literature of the
Kngliah language; but thia, by ita Inimen-e extent and
eomprehennion.inc udea a portraiture of the human mind in
the utinoltexpaneloti of the percent age
Pubtiahed weekly,at alx dollar*' a year, by
K. LiriKLI Ik CO.,
Corner of Tremont aud Hromfleld atreeta, Moeton
I or aale by JOSKPH SHIL1.I NUTON, comer of
Four-and-a-half atreet and I'enna) leania avenue, Washing
F'KO.Vf ita having almost alwaya bsffled the m ?at akilful
medical treatment, it haa very juatly been termet th?
" Opprobiium of Physician* and, until within a few
years, been generally eoneiderod /.Vt'f'KiRLE, allho gh ,
I many medical men of the highest standing, among whom
we may mention Lafunet and hie friend Ray>e?both die
tinruished anthora?admit that this wtuofi-rfrrnted dj/.m.
I mny t+wrrl- tee*, i\ its get nna *u ttnj-in, ? tco ?,? fflkp
urc n f completely ilMotfaaitaf. The remedy which ""we
now o(T?r,
foe the cure of thia disease, not only emanatea from a regu
lar phyaician, but baa alao been well tceted in all the complainta
for wltic.b it ia recommended
Ro'tun, dajrwif IB, |D|lj
1>rar Sir: Having been troubled for a conalderable time
with a had rough and bronchial affection, I w?? Induced to
try a bottle of l?r IVIS TAR'S HALS.AM Of WILD
CHERRY, which I am happy to eay entirely removed the
difficulty. I deem it but jiietiee to aay thia much, fur the
benefit of thoee who may tie similarly afflicted
UKOKOfc H. DAVIS, firm if HUlett 4 Dor it,
Piano f\"te Manufacturer*, Huston.
Mr. S. W. Fowls.
I hereby certify that I am peraonally acquainted with
(leorice H. Havic. Kaq , and hare the fullest confidence iu
the al>ove statement. H li HAKKUS,
formerly Practicing physician
Huston. August l"i, IB4M.
P S. Such teatlmony can be relied on He careful of (he
article you bny It mwef hare the signature of /. lil'TTS
on the wrapper, to be genuine.
The genuine Haleam la put up In bottlea, with the word*,
Dr. Wntnr'f llnham of U'llil Cherry, I'h.da~, blown iu the
gla?s ; each hot lie bearing a label on the front, with the aig
nature of II. WIS TAR, M D.
For aale by K S. PATTKKSON, Washington, 1). and ^
Druggists generally, everywhere.
CAbCOR NIA Passenger Officr, removed from 11 Park
Kow, New York, te permanently eatabliahed at 179
Broadway, up atairc, for the accommodation of all peraona
preparing to go to the golden land.
Through ticketa In flrat claaa steamers via of lathmnc,
cabin ft It", cteerage JlJ'l, ahould be aecurcd four to aix
weeha in advance.
All ueoeaaarv California outfit* of the Drat alaea, and at
the lowest price*, including quicksilver gold eeparalora, f.'al
Ifornia blanket*?red, blue, green and briwn ; ( all ferula
ha'a, tc - f
Information alwaya furnlahed free Addrea*
By Longlry Brother, Publisher* and Importers of
Phonetic Books, No. 52 M.lodcon Building, Cut
ctiiHim, uhio.
TUK puhiicathma kept for aale by thia firm are in the only
prrfrrt PRACTiCAL alphabet ever pr-posed: whiiii
fart I* demonstrated by tlir unprecedented fev,,r with which
it la received mi l put to tiae, ho bin Europe and America
Alter undergoing the eupervlal-ii i.f a eonnc-l of K'gland'a
mint practical learned men, It hm met the approbation of
the people, of whom a society of three thousand persona la
now organised to promote ito periiiaiicut ailoptioti. In thla
country it ia attaining a like popular (tan tins, beiiiir already
used to autna extent In eight or ten new*|,apera, an I taught
in iiixny of the beet achoola in the Unit; ami thle success It
haa attained n itwithelamli g an Individual attempt ma<to
to inlrttde an exclusively American alphabet upon the p?o
The following are among the wnrka a'readv puhltahed
Old and New Teatamenta ftNl; New Teatament. let,
fll; tei'ket edition, I'lino, N7 rente; ditto In shorthand,
l|l 511; Hook of l ominon Freyor; 75 rente; Essential* of
Fhouetloa, $'J '5; Flea for I'hone Id hplllng, 50 nenla,
Vicsr of VVakelWki. 00 cent*; Kaaeeleaatnl Poama,50denla;
I'rliner or rlret Header, 5 c?nts ; *vc nd Header. 25 renti;
Thirl Header, 75 cents; Penman, 15 oenta ? together with
Chart*, Talilele, Sheet Ear*,-in, and rarloua Toy Books, alt
of whlrh may heaent hy mail.
fry Tha PHONETIC ADVOCA TE la a a mi-monthly
family paper, In wl?|rh a Course qf Lrnom i? I'honttf
Short llmi'l haa ) i?t commenced Alao, a Vm ahu Hi y of
Muhrul Terms, tha pronunciation In phone'io spelling It
la fumt-heil at #1 a year, In advance.
fjy l.ONOLK V d BROTHER are agenta for tha following
English piihlloatione t
Fh-itielie Journal, (semi monthly,) Fhoiingrspbic Star, the
I'orreaprnident, the Magazine. anil tha Kaporttr?the laat
four moiithllee, and earh 75 eent* a year. April IS?dt
tViJuhin^fon, D. C.,
DEALS In dherka, drafta, aodaptauoea, promlaaory note*
hank noteM, and oolu.
Notea on all solvent hanka In tha United Ntataa bought
and aold at tha best pricea.
In Waehlugton and (laorgetown.eollaoled. and remlttanraa
promptly ma<le, In Haltiumr*, Fhlla-telpbia, New York, or
Boston lunda, at a rharga of one-quarter per reat.
Mads In all tha principal dltlaa of tha Union, on lha moat
favorable terms.
HI I In of exchange and bank nbteka on moet of tha principal
oitlaa of the Union bought and aold at the lewat ratal.
ftT I Mice houra, from eight o'clock A. M. to Ave F. M
Nor. 15?tf
CIOUNKEI.EOK AT LAW, Solicitor in Chancery, fc.,
/ Suith llend. In liana Collecthina In northern luillmnn
ami <nitbwr?f*rn Michigan "HI rooelra prompt attention
April 18?fiin
At No. 2, Milk itrerl, Rotton,
1 ml claim* th? tarty attention of all purohaaara, at wbolo
al? or retail.
Thli aaaortmant nntnprlaea all kind* of
Id black and fancy color*, auperiorqualltlea and atylea, fraih
and new.
Of*t*ry known variety and quality, from tba hlgbtat to tba
loWMt COOt.
And all artlulaa tbat are wirn a* *ubitltnte* for abawk* AlNIl.KS
In the proper width*, for thoM who pro far to
uaka than garment* for thxmeelraa.
In particular,an Immrn** variety of CRAPE SHAWLS,
emhroldarwl, plain, and daiuaak figured, In a full *M?rtni?nt
of color*.
SLACK IKHIA HA TINS ami SILKS, all q%olU:*t.
ERE NCR N A TINS, u llrolmi
RDM HAS IN EH ami ALPACCAS finttl oaulUm
WIPE SILK VELVETS, far ManlilUt ami Skuv't.
In bftaf, w* would aay to pnrohaaora of lh? abut* Uood*,
in any i/uuntilu, itnall or largt, that w* aau and will supply
their want* at tha loweit pottibU print, and with euch
'Itialltle* and etylea of good* a< nan do* ho found at otbar
etoree. JKWKTT * PKKR OTT,
March 14?3u> No 2. Milk atreet, Beaton
No. 100 Mulberry street, Philadelphia.
THE following work* era In the American Pbonetlo Alphabet,
tha only per/trl alphabat that haa baau (Iran to
tha world:
Tha New Trwtament El.lM
Cwmatoch'a Phonetic Reader 1.00
Comaldck'a Phonetic Speakrr I 00
Tha Phwnatlc Magazine, 0 role. - 3 40
The Pheaetlcea, a large chart 3.00
Mr LltUa Orography W
A T lea Doe on Phoaolagr - 114
The Phoaotlc Miantrel la
Tha Phonetic Library,
Or Cnmelech'e Phonetic Telegraph, a monthly iwwapapar,
U publlebed at Woenta per annum lua raaoa,
Or Twenty-lira per cent di? count la mada from the
abora price# to tboee who p in-hue by tha q lautity All
urdara muet be accompanied with tha eaoh. and dlroetod to
A. COtlMToCK, M. D.
No. 100 Mulberry atro?t, Philadelphia
BTAMMER1NU CURED, I'alert i re Articulation eor
rteted, KaJuttu V otea* changed to a rich baritone, and I.locution
taught, by Dr. A. Cuinatuek.at the Vocal Uymnaaluui,
No. IU0 Mulberry #treat, Philadelphia. March 21-dt
enormities, now no one rati l>e found, either to defend or to
txcuee it, exeept time* who inuat condemn themselves in
condemning that whereby they live. It in not long alwe we
were nearly alone in pri'eetuig agalnet the a<o|ui*ltlon of
territory fir the purpose of extending the area of alavrry ;
now there are none no holil, in the Northern State* at lea>t,
an to consent openly to It* rxlunsion a single Inch beyond it* j
present limit*.
However hinnhle tn-ty have been our own agency In effecting
hene change*, it iurigor ten our Confidence In the policy
of this |iaper, to fliul that it ha* alw?y? c irre*ponded with
the dual Judgment* of the nation, ?o far a* they have yet
been expressed, and proportionality diminiihea our aollultude
about the ultimate determination of 'juration* which are yet
under dl?cu?*lon before the people.
In thi* State, the Kvenlug Poet claim* to have lieeti one
of the aarlleat aiivocate* of the tloaiirlal po|toy which ha*
Inn- been lum rporated Into the t 'onstltutlon of Ittpi. it
wu almc?t the drat and only Journal for many month* to
advocate the rail of a Convention to amend the old <'onetitulion
of I sj |. It supported all the important re form a which
tb* new Constitutions ciuleelv, and assisted In giving an
Impulse to tb* cause of constitutional reform, which baa already
been communicated to nearly every Stale In the
The knowledge, that upon all theae great (juration* of
public policy about whicli the greatest diversities of opinion
at d tferent times prevailed u|*m many of which the wave*
and aturina of public paaaion and prejudice beat with relentiees
violence for year*, the cotiree of thle journal waa ultl
tuately 111*1*111*11 by the nation, justifies ua lu saying that
history will vindicate tb* Independent Jonri al I at, and ultimately
Indemnity him, a* it ha* ouraelvca, for whatever sacrifices
hi* course may euhject bltn to
We have not, therefore, any complaint* to indulge in or
y tit path lea to invukt We dealre to enlarge the raparliiea of
:>ur paper, not *0 much to Increase III profit*, a* It* power.
We have unliuilled faith lu all the uplulona we maintain,
not we desire to have thorn universal; we are willing to
make any effort or rational sacrifice to commend them to
ithrrs; by adding to the attractlvsn*** of uur Journal, we
believe we can contribute more to that remit than bv directing
our exertion* Into any other channel. It la to that end
we propoae to nearly di uble the alie of our weekly aheet.aml
to make it not only a complete chronicle of ihe political history
of our time, and an exponent of the growing public
opinion# of our country, but, by the variety end character of
It* miscellany, to adapt It to the tasUa am] Interest* of every
ige and aex, and 11 make it, to the beat of our abllitiea a
oniplefe fatally newapaper
Such being our deaign, and pledging, a* we do, to It* exelution,
aa additional expenditure of aeveral thousand dollars
tnoua ly, we submit to uur friend*, and to those who have
kj>prov?d of tka past history and preaeiil policy of ike Keeling
Post, whether they cannot do something towarle lighttiling
tb* burdeu which w* have assumed, and to facilitate
Lba accomplishment of what we propose.
If each of the present subscribers of tba Kvatiing P-at
would send u* one, only one, additional subscriber?and that
9011M be done without an effort?we should bare nothing
ore to daalre. That would fully cover the outlav which
w* art about to Incur, and encourage ua to mak* other Improvement*
in the character of our p*|H-r. ahlch Would p r
hapa *? materWlly add to It* Interval and valua |ti pro
)ectad enlargement la It too mncli to oak uf ttioaa wbo bar*
thought our papar worth Ita price, and who have aatiafaetlon
In paruatng It* oontanta, t-i bring It to Uia notloa of their
Mem bar < of Congreaa, and of the vartoh* Ktata l-eglal*.
turea, who dealre to aw the eentlinant* of tb|p paper prevail,
we hop* will 11nu?a u* for auggeating that thay may eontribute
materially to that raault, ami confer a auhatantlal
obligation upon ua, by favoring ua with llata of aoaa of tbalr
reapocllve oonatltuauela*
We would be glad alao to hear ocsaalot^ly from our
frlemla, by oorreapondenra, In relation to of public
intereat occurring In their raapwtlr* nalghnflHd* Prompt
and reliable account* of th* proceeding* at rttnTIo Meeting*,
wblcb would be but a trifling tai upon th* tliu* ?f tb? wri
ter, would add rreatlr to tb* variety and Interaat of our column*
buggeallon* a* to the atate of public opinion lu dlf
fereut ipiarter*, and the view* there entertained upon th*
ijuaatton* at th* time engroaalng public attention, might
tv* to lighten onr lab ra, and direct ua aafaly In th* path
which II la our ambition to puraua.
We hava nothing to add to tbla long dlaconra* about our
own affaire, aireo' tb* fdlowlng atatemant uf the term* upon
which tba eeveral adltloaa of tbla paper are now puhltabcd,
Imply remarking that the Itatly, Hand Weakly,and Weekly
adltkoiia are all leaned upon th* aana* alted abeet.
Th* prlc* of th* Krening Poat, Itally, I* per annnin (10
Th* price of the Kventng Poat, Wtekly, la, for a atugl*
copy, payable In advaoca I
For eleven eople# of do , to on* addreaa ... 10
The price of tt* Kvenlng I'oat, Neml-Watkly, la, for a
alugle copy, pavabla In advanca .... 3
Kor ten ooplea of do , to on# addreaa 20
Pw any number of coplaa of di , batwean flva and tan,
(par copy) 2
Your*, vary raapactfully,
AW York, April, INSO.
HY LYSANUKK MPOONKK. ParU tat .ad Id Publlahad
b* Bala Maaab,M Corublll, Boatoa; and for aala, at
tba publtabar'a prteaa, at tba Danoaltory of the Amcrlnaoand
h uratgn Autt-Ktavary Haclaty, flaw York. Prlaa, lb oauu
taab part, ar 10 aawta bound together
Augaat 10.? lata SI John atraat.

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