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The national era. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1847-1860, May 30, 1850, Image 1

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rhr SfaOanal Kr* U I'aMUhed Weekly, ? Steve* ** I
Street, appeaite Odd rellews* Hall.
t wo <1 illug per annum, payable w eulvamu.
Advert iseraeut* not cxceediug ten lines inserted
ibr*'S times for one dolUr; every subsequent insertion.
twenty-fire cents.
All eommunications to the Era, whether on
husine* of the p*p?e or for publication, should
he addressed to G. II.aii.ky, Wtskingto*, D. C.
Slzth *treet, a few doors south of Pennsylvania avenne.
washington, may 37, 18.-10
Tor the Nstionsl Kr?.
The hurly driver at my aide,
We slowly climbed the hill,
Whose summit in the hot noon-tide
Seern-d rising, rising atill.
At last our ahott uooli shadows hid
The l-ii tl.tis hare ew4 Ueea,
h'roiu whence, like Uiaeh'a pyramid,
The rough maas slanted down.
I felt the cool nreath of the North;
Between me and the nun,
O'er deep, still lake and ridgy earth,
I saw the cloud-shade* run.
Before me, stretched for glistening iniles,
1sty mountain-girdled " S<|uani; "
hike green winged bird*, an hundred isles
Upon its b >?<nn swain.
And, glimmering through the noon haze warm,
Far as the eye oould roam,
Hark billows of an earthquake storm
Bedecked with clouds, like foam,
Their valea in niiat and shadow deep,
Their rugged peaks in shine,
I saw the mountain ranges sweep
The hotiaon's northern line!
There towered Choeorua's peak?and west,
iMoosebillock's chain was seen,
- o-*a >U '.a-sos-ffci naio?ie?ai\eset ,
And shaggy gorge between ;
them, like a sun-rinjii^sd cloud. ^
The great Notch mountains shone,
Watched over by the solemn-browed
And awful Face of Stone!
" A good look-off!" the driver spake:
" About this time last year
I drove a party to the Lake,
And stopped at evening here.
' Twee duskisb down below, but all
These hills stood in the sun,
Till, dipped behind yon | urple wall,
lie left them, one by one.
II A lady, who from Thornton bill
Had held ber seat outside,
And, as a pleasant woman will,
Had shorter made the ride,
Kosoiight me with so sweet a smile
Her quiet words between,
That i was faiu to rest awhile,
And let her sketch the setne
"On yonder mossy ledge she But,
Her twxik upon her knees,
A stray brown look l>eneath her hit
Unrolling in the breeze;
Her sweet face in the sunset light
Upraised ami glorified?
I never saw a prettier eight
In all my mountain ride.
"As good as fair, It seemed her joy
To comfort and to give;
My poor sick wife and cripple hoy
Will bless her while they live "
The tremor in the driver's tone
His nianh' od did not shame;
" i dare say, sir, you may have knuwu
tie raiavii a wrtl Vw? ? mmo
Then sank the pyramidal monads,
The blue lake fled away;
for mountain scope, a parlor's bounds?
A lighted hearth for day !
And lonely years and weary miles
Did at that name depart;
Kind voices cheered, sweet human smiles
Shone warm info my heart.
We journeyed on; hut earth and sky
Had power to charm no more;
Still dreamed my inward-turning eye
The dream of memory o'er.
Oh! human kindness, human love,
To few who seek denie I,
Too late we learn to prite above
'l'be whole round world beside!
J. G. W.
address of mil n. smith, of new Mexico,
to thk
To lh>' Prople of Nur Mtsico :
Am your delegate to the Congress of the United
States. I regret to inform you that my mission has 1
? 7W1. IIW fUlOII, "" ?" ?
your fundament*! l??i, and b fiied municipal
policy?% policy which, now that you nre under
the shield of the gre.it North American Republic,
would invite into your oouutry the intellect, induelry,
skill, enterprise, und eapitel, not only of
the free SttUce of the North, hut n portion of that
emigration from Europe which in bow filling UP
'he egricultuml regions of the Mununeippi, ?n?l
the fobUn mountains, valleys, end commercial
ports of California, with n teeming pwpulntion
disking the link between tfceoe two greet oonn
ftjled your r:ghts as citizens, uuder the Governm?'nt
of the Union, assured to you by the treaty i
of cession, have thus far been denied. As a people,
constituting a large community, once a department j
in the federative Ucpifblic of Mexico, you certainly
are entitled to the right of modified representation
which tins heretofore been accorded to the i
people in all other Territories of the United i
States, in which such an organization existed as
could he recognised as a government. This right |
h i*always been conceded upon the principle that i
the inchoate Governments, charged with the in- j
t crests of a people who are, at some time, to come i
us a State into the Union,should have a repreaent- t
alive on the floor of one branch of Congress, to i
make known the condition, to advocate the inter- t
osts. and defend the rights of a community which, <
in its infancy, is to receive from the National <
Legislature those fundamental and radical im- ^
pressions which shape its future destiny. If the |
great A mcrican principle of the right of represent- i
ation has been extended to all the Territorial i
Governments of the United States, (even to those i
having the care of a few scattered people, as in i
the case of Florida, or whore, as in the case of
Minnesota, there was no legalized Government at
nil) it ought surely now to be extended to you,
my constituents, n people who come with a novel
Government into the Union, which is to undergo
gre it changes ; who have a multitude of vast interests
to be arbitrated in Congress, which once
decided are decided forever ; and wrho, above all,
have a right to be heard, at this moment, in the
halls of the supreme eivil authority, because yon
and your eivil Government are now at the mercy
of a military dictatorship, when your State ia
threatened with dismemberment, and, what is yet
more fatal, the introduction of slavery into its
bosom I5ut the very ground upon which you are
justly entitled to representation is the reason for
its denial. It is this double design against whatever
is most dear to you as a people, (against yoor
right to the limits of a domain which you inherited,
whilst Texas, that would sever it, was an unexplored
wilderness, and against your right to exclude
slavery from it, which was sealed by a oon-litutiobnl
sanction coming with yon into this
1 nion.) which has excluded your delegate from a
ae it whence he might repel the invasion.
The most formidable part of this combination
against yon is that which originates in the slave
interest li not only rallies ag unst you the whole
Mareboidtng South, but all the inflaenoe of selfish,
renal, and ambitious men in the North, looking to
speculation* in discredited bonds and land jobbing,
or to the political honor* whioh the oombinrd rote
of the South m*y promise. The cement of thia
strength in the South 1* not *o much the iatereet
in *U*e property, but the politioal power dependent
on it. The great struggle ie to aeeur* for the
decaying popular force of that section an equal
weight in the Senate of the United States with
the rapidly progressive tiopulatioo and tnnltiplying
free States of the Union To thia aim, the
rifcti/M und interestaand all the hopes of a rapidly
growing and rich proaperity, which beckoned
New Mexico into the Union, are to he aacrifioed.
The doctrine of the slareltolding .States, in regard
to their domestic institution*, ia non-intervention ;
hut with regard to yours, it la uuhini \HirTomiion}
to net at nought the prohibition of alarery which
you hrnueKt ?- -- * *
tries, job oould not fm 1 to partake of their prosperity,
if J?u tool.I eecAp* that blight which baa
iloomed tifc fairest portion of our continent to a
prewraturw decline Virginia, the first ?n l greater*
?f the Stater of the Union, richest in her greut
mb, her noil, her mineral*. her bays. her rivers,
ami her delight ftil climate, ho* mink into a thirdrnte
Slate, under the decay which offecf* the root
of all growth in natiou* n* in individuals?the
decay of enlightened labor Such ha* Won the
fate of Virginia, and yet her fate ha* been better
than that of any of her Southern sister*. The
rigor which the free municipal institution* of
England infused into the race that gare the #r*t
impulse to the Southern Commonweal! ha, ha* been
gradually running out under an adverse system
The labor of negroee, in exempting the master
from labor, has made every free mnn look to such
exemption, not only as a relief from painfhl effort,
but n* a privilege and an honorable distinction
Hence, slave labor has destroyed the industry of
the free race, ami the prosperity of the State is
made dependent upon the forced exertlr.os.'Ji.-,
who have no interest in it; while those who have
are enervated, and subjected to all the demoralization
which rauit flow front a svatrtp which
ea?y indolence a mar* of superiority. The freemen
who, in wfcajState, are ootnpelled bv poverty
to labor, must become yoke-fellows jttth th^degraded
Afrirtfn Fa<* which makes uptKe mass of
cultivators. Those of the free white men who
submit to this soon sink to the level of the black
laborers with whom they associate; while every
one whose innate energy and intellect teaches
him to spufn it. leaves the State, and adds to the
multitude who fly from it, to exalt the prosperity
and grandeur which beams on the free States of
the Union, making them the miracle^nd glory of
this age of progress.
I point your sttention to the fatal teudency of
the system which the South seeks to impose upon
you, to stay its own downward course, with feelings
of deep chagrin. 1 am myself a native of the
section whose fate I deplore, and if my duty to
waii /li<l Y*r\t ro.mirp ! wruiM hp tho In at. tn fttlvpff
/ '"I?
to the malady which preys upon its life. As your
representative at the seat of political power, I am
hound to reveal to you the machinations of which
you are the object, and to open to your view the
consequences which would attend its success.
The schemes of those who would bind you to the
of the slave States, render it necessary
that your Representative should be excluded from
jiy? C i that yoyr.f'vM Government,
and the laws you brotight with you, should
he denied recognition; that you should be left in
a condition too helpless to defend your own rights,
while the plans were maturing for their sacrifice.
You need not ask, then, why have our own petitions.
respectfully presented, been rejected? Wl^
our rights, which are certainly indisputable, be?
so long withheld ? Why we have been compelled
to live under a military domination so repugnant .
to freedom, and so opposed to the acknowledged
spirit and foundation of this Government ? Why
our condition, instead of being improved by the
transfer of allegiance as was promised to us, ha*
been continually getting worse? Why this Government
has so long neglected giving you that
protection ngaiust Indian depredations which was
so often promised, both before and since the treaty
of cession? Why the connection with this Government,
which you have been encouraged to look
forward to ns the beginning of your prosperity
and improvement, has had its opening with three
years of depredation, miserable misrule, and military
despotism? Yoiiare.leftprostrate,that T-jasmay
ilnm-mhtr and tlivule New Mexico, ami suhj'd her to
Southern xnflwuce. ; that negro slavery nuty he vitro
duced into the remnant of territory that may not be
appropriated to Texas; and, finally, that the region
thus secured to Southern policy may become the stork
on which to graft new conquests from Mexico. To
thin whole poliry I know you entertain the strongest
repugnance. The deep stake which you have
in the issue of this scheme demands from you a
thorough examination and speedy action. It is
beyond a question, that you cannot expect that
assistance and support from this Government
which you certainly had a right to look for. That
p h^cti <lw?rrieJ M(l t ih*>
power of Texas, so far as the administration of
the War Department?to which you are committed
by the Executive of the United States?can
effect it, you have the evidence in the conduct of
your military government. While the Administration
sav here, that you have a Government
under which you can well afford to live, and under
which you are amply protected, the Secretary at
War is giving instructions to that Government
itself to desert you, when you have most need of
an organized resistance?thus making it manifest
that the Administration here, (and especially the
Secretary of War, a Southern man.) connives at
the Texan aoheme to dismember your Territory,
md the Southern scheme of opening it to alnvery.
The Administration claims to be neturxl in this
iwnimmmfv hnlwppn the authorities of Texas and
the people of Now Mexico, hut when it in understood
that the people of New Mexico have no
other civil Government than that which is administered
by the military commanders sent there hy
the War Department, and those holding commissions
under and during the pleasure of these military
commanders, and when we see that they
have been instructed not to resist the authorities
of Texas in their attempt to assume jurisdiction
over the people of New Mexico, is it not manifest
that this " neutrality " i? a virtual .iter render of theac
lunlgovernment of N>v Mf ico intothe lutndi of T> io.s f
Does it not demonstrate the conuivunoe of the
slaveholding Secretary of War in the schemes of
Texas and the South ?
It is useless for me to remind you that you have
no other than a militiry Government to administer
the civil laws with which you come into the
Union, (and under which you and your ancestors
tiave lived for two centuries) What other Kxccuive
have you, but the commander of the troops
n New Mexico? Does he not alisolutely control
ill the civil establishments of your country ? Is
here a civil officer but holds his offioe hy comnission
from the military officer during his will
uid pleasure? IJ as he not, indeed, assumed to
>rdcr the courts whom to bring to trial, and in
svery way prescribe their jurisdiction? And
when the Secretary of War commands him not to
interfere, or prevent the officers from Texas to
sxercise their commissions in your Territory, can
that he called a neutrality? Is it not a virtual
abandonment of the Government? If you had a
separate civil Government, entirely disconnected
with the military oommanders of the country,
then their non-action might be deemed a neturality.
Hut now, by this non-action, they compel you
to resist the military Government which the United
States have set up over you, and then organize
a Government and prepare a resistance to the
encroachments of Texas. Being thus deserted hy
this Government to the extent to which this Government
can desert you. (for I have appealed in vain
to the Secretary of War and the President, to
prevent this collision nntil the question isn be
adjudicated and settled by some competent
authnritv.l it onlv remains for you to decide
whether you will tamely submit to this assumption
of power. Texae, knowing the illegality and
injustice of her claim, refuses to submit what is r.
question of law to ad impartial Judiciary, and the
question of her right has assumed an entirely sectional
and geographical phasis. It is sustained
by the assertion, the sympathy, and assistance of
the entire South, the motives and object of which
are too plain to be disguised ; it is avowedly to be
a forcible extension of their peculiar institution
over a country whence it is now excluded, and
where it is repugnant alike to the feelings and interests
of its inhabitants. Under the cover of
this Texas claim the approaches are made, designed
to give a lodgment to slavery in New
Mexico, which shall convert it into a new slave
State on iu introduction into the Union. Out of
the dismembered remnant given hs a portion to
Texas, she will be anahlod to eke out another, to
come in as one of its four new al ive Stales count d
on, to counterpoise the free institutions of the
North. If this should not be sufficient, Mexico
proper will then be at band to undergo a new
partition, or a total submersion in a new Southern
slave Confederacy.
The first step in this process is to supplant the
fundamental municipal institutions brought by
New Mexico with her into the Union, by a territorial
(iovernment. which, by omitting the itihlition
against slavery in the Congressional act,
tiling to reserve that contained in the Mexican
f* - PreT?n|i?g the people of the Territory
rout legislating upon the subject of slavery, and
rem redacting the prohibitory clause, will unquestionably
sbolieh all protection ngilnst that
r ?k 11' ""I' lod**?l. "tore effectual legislation
11 "r into New Mexico
a?, i ""der It, the whole bod v of
Southern influence, inspired by political smbition,
and looking to preponderant i'B the aristocratic
branch of the * ed. ral Qovernuieot, through i|
equality of representation without an quality of
number# in part, too, actuated by panic touching
th# institution it hoo?e? in part by koptw of
greater pecuniary gains to be derived from it, in
a country of mines? now that mining is a mania?
would combine to pour an immense colony of
slaves into New Mexico; the consequence of this
would be to level the whole population of New
Mexico with the new caste brought, into compe.
tit ion ; and you, my Mexican fellow-citizens, who
till your own soil with your own hands. would
be compelled to fly your country, or be degraded
front your equality of freemen, forfeiting all your
hopes or rising to the new elevation promised by
your alliance with the great North American Republic,
and living only to witness the ruin of all
that renders life desirable.
[Mr Smith examines at length the miserable
claim of Texas, and then proceeds :|
Let us see what our Government has done
since that, by solemn acts of its ditfereut Department*,
to fix and recognise the jurisdiction and
Government of New Mexico.
After the annexation of Texas, you very well
know that a consul and vice consul were appointed
and maintained by our Government at Santa Fe.
until the breaking out of the war and the invasion
of that country by General Kearny; that the citizens
of the United States were required to pay
duties and tribute to the Mexican Government;
hat Government alone controlled the customhouses,
fhs revenue, and entire management of
the country , until ihe arrival of Genrr.il Kearny
w* the wery entrance of your capital} thet the
President of the United States expressly said that
Santa Fe was the capital of New Mexico, and
New Mexico a Mexican province, which Texas
had never oonqucred or reduced to possession, or
brought uuder her laws; and if the United
States forces were ordered to invade it and seize
it as part or portion of Texas, this fact was most
scrupulously conoealed from you; no proposition
was then made to divide or dismember the territory.
bnt cverv promise of protection and induce
ments to reconciliation were offered you, aud you
were promised that your whole territory should
be embraced within a liberal territorial government.
Rut a solemn net of Congress, which required,
of course, the confirmation of other departments
of the Government, had fixed and decided your
locality and your nationality. After the annexation
of Texas, and when she constituted a State
of the American Uuion, so far as the set of our
Government w is concerned, an act was passed. 3d
of March, 1845, entitled " An act allowing drawback
on foreign merchandise exported in the
original packages to Chihuahua and Santa Fe, in
and .?> /> British North At
provinces adjoining the United Sthtra}'' And the
act required that, upon the arrival of such goods
at Santa Fe or Chihuahua, they should be submitted
to the inspection of the consul of the Uoir
ted States. And could any act in more express
and positive terms declare you then to belong to
Mexico? You were-as positively fixed to be
Mexican, as that the Rritish North American
provinces belonged to Great Britain Could anything
be more expressive ami conclusive than this
fact, that after annexing all which properly was
included in and rightfully belonged to Texas, our
Government, by as solemn an act as this, should
proceed immediately to fix and declare yon, who
had been claimed by Texas, to be still Mexican
citizens and subjects, and that you did not rightfully
belong to Texas, but were, as they continued
afterwards to recognise you, a constituent part
of the Mexican Republic? And again, Mr. Secretary
Walker, who, as Senator Walker, had declared,
in discussing the treaty of annexation,
that " the boundaries of a nation depend upon
something more than its own claims in his annual
Treasury report to Congress afterwards, in
Ueceraber, 1845, says?"The act of 3d of March
last, allowing a drawback on foreign imports exported
from certain of our ports to Canada, and
also to Santa Fe and Chihuahua, in Mexico, has
i. i.t/, ....aii/,..
prescribe by this Department, and is begit.ning
to produce the moet happy results" This declaration
by him who had taken so prominent part
in the annexation of Texas, now after its entire
consummation, speaking of Santa Fe, adds his
evidence to iLs being a Mexican town within the
Republic of Mexico, and without any reference
tn tU?> vUiM Tt Atw V?4 rr*
up to it
Thus spoke and acted the Treasury Department
after the annexation of Texas; let us examine
what the Executive said Notwithstanding
President Polk commanded his forces to invade
and tako possession of New Mexico as a
province of the Mexican Republic, and afterwards
declared that it had been occupied and
taken possession of as such, and that "Texas had
Dever conquered or reduced to actual possession,
and brought under her lawR, that part of New
Mexico lying ou the east bunk of the Rio Grande;''
still he savs that nothing which he had done
could "injuriously sflect the right which the
President Muvm to be justly asserted by Texas
to the whole territory on this side of the Rio
Grande, irlnn'rer tin Miriam clinm to it s/uill have
b*tn eztmgmshal hy treatyThis is most strange
language in the face of the annexation resolutions.
If it wits properly included within and
rightfully belonged to Tcias, it had already been
annexed, and there was no Mexicun claim to it
which it could lie uecessary to extinguish by
treaty. If it was ours by annexation, and then
we had \\it jtfdis patsfsrio, the actual occupancy by
our troops, ours by rightful title and actual possession,
what hs<l Mexico left to her whiel^ she
could part with by treaty J Rut this declaration
is not perhaps more strange than that of the
President, when he says that " Texas had asserted
a right to that part or New Mexico CAst of the
Rio Grande, * * * * which is
believed to be well founded: but thia right had
never been reduced to her actunl poaaeaaiou and
occupancy." Am a revolted province it could
only claim what it had conquered and occupied ;
still he admits it to be a just drum, though wanting
in the essential requisites to found a title?
conquest and occupancy
Rut let ns again quote Mr. Ruchansn, as Sec.
retary of State under Mr. Polk, whom we heretofore
quoted as saying in the Senate that the
claim of Texas, north of El Paso, was "one upon
which we should not insist." in his instructions
to Mr. Slidell, after saying that there was " no
serious doubt" about her title to El Paso, and instructing
him to buy all of New Mexico, for
which he might assume the payment of all just
claims of our citizens Against Mexico, and in addition
pay five millions of dollars, he continues?
"should the Mexican authorities prove unwilling
to extend our boundary beyond the Del Norte, 1
you are in that case instructed to offer to assume I
the payment.of all Just claims of cicisens of the <
United StAtes against Mexico, should she agree 1
that the line ahull be established along the bound- ]
ary defined by the act of Congress of Texas,
approved December 19, lH.'tti, to wit, beginning
at the mouth of the Rio Grande, thence up the
principal stream of said river to its source, tbenoe
due north to the forty-second degree of north
latitude." And in hi? same correspondence with
Mr Slidell, he computes the claims of American
citizens at more than five millions of dollars, thus
offering this sum for a country which he admits
was not oure, we ought not to claim, and which
had not been embraced within the limits of ancient
Louisiana. A nd can any man of sense say <
tn:u whs (iisunpruirtii' n utpiornaiisi nun Niairsmim
would have gone thus far, if we had already a
title which we ought to rely on, if it was already
properly included within,and rightfully belonged
to, one of the States of our Union ?
Now, let ua examine the article* of annexation
and the conduct of Texas herself When she
adopted her Constitution under which she wu
admitted into the Union, she included in it n provision
that "all laws or parts of law* now in
force in the Republic of Texas, which are not repugnant
t<> the Constitution of the United States
or the joint resolution for annexing Trias to the
United States,should be continued in force ,'1 and
I contend that the act of the Republic of Texan
defining her boundary, by which aha conflicted
with Mexico, in repugnant to the very first of the
conditions contained in the annexation renolulions,
vii: "that said State to be formed auhjert
to the adjuatment by thin Government of all
<|U<wtion* of Itoundary that may arine with other
Governments " The act which fixed the boundary
absolutely and unconditionally was certainly
inennaiatent with and repugnant to, that which
left it in the power of the United State* to adjust
and aettle, ami that it was no oouatrued is
evident from the f.icl that our Government never
regarded it, but proceeded at once to try and aettle
and adjust it with Mexico continuing to recognise
the authority of the Mexican Government
iu New Mexico, ami requiring iu citlien* to
conform to her law*. RutTexs* heraelf must
have so regarded it, or else, being a popular representative
republican Government, *he would
certainly have extended an invitation to the citisens
of the country adjacent to Santa Ke, to participate
with her in framing her Constitution and
fundamental law, under which they were ^11 to
come so brotherly into the Union, and firm fel
low-oitlxena of ona S^e , if she properly extended
there, ehe had atWist fifty thousand cititrns
whom ah* w*a disfranchising, end this duff an
chisement at leant we did not expeet until she
hail heen filed in her control by other and higher
Why, you will nek, then, does a pretence to
oontroi you, so baseless in itself and so insolently
put forward, receive any encouragement or support
from a Government which you have heen taught
to believe denies nothing to the weak? Why has
Texas been {>ermitted to retard yonr advance ; to
delny that encouragement and protection you have
been iuduced to believe this Government extends
to all its citizens, and has so often promised to
you ? Why has n military government been retained
ever you by the President and Secretary
of War, which they secretly instruct to surrender
upon the first show of Southern authority?
It is by thus leaving you deserted and defenceless,
a hope is entertained that you can be driven
to receive a government and oontroi which you
abhor, and with it an institution which the whole
power of the Government is exerted to extend
But it becomes you to look well to all the consequences
anil results 01 a decision that you are
properly within Texas. You have every reason
to believe that she entertains no kindly feelings
towards you. That disposition to a relentless persecution
and proscription of k]l Mexicans within
her claimed limits, who wot^l > not participate
with her in her revolution. L, only lulled wntlt
she can, by the aid and assistance of the Government,
firmly establish her authority over you
As a Republic, did she not pass acts disfranchising
all within her territory who did not take part
with her, or left the country to avoid the struggle,
and also confiscating their property ? Are
not those acts retained in force by her present
Constitution, continuing all the acts of her Republic
not in derogation of the Constitution of
the United States and the act of annexation ?
When she attempted to extend her jurisdiction
over vou. and sent a indire from Texas did he
bring with hitn the power to extead any of the
benefits of Texan citixenship? Was not the socalled
county of Santa Fe especially exempted
from the benefits of her land system, by which,
if you were citizens, you were entitled to full
benefits of head rights, entries, and surreys, and
by which you could haresared to yourselves your
own homesteads and farms? Look even to what
they are doing here, when the proposition is before
Congress to buy the absurd and groundless
title of Texas to your territory; tkat representative
who represtrtfs you, as it is asserted here in
Coofirress, proposes as an amendment, that if the
34 \h'* $?araiiet of latitude is made tne northern1
limit of Texas, and consequently the southern
limit of New Mexico, Congress, as a condition of
the purchase, shall stipulate to drive the Camanches
north of that parallel, that the whole
strength of this tribe shall yet b? crowded upon
You are already surrounded by, and accessible
to, forty thousand hostile Indians?at least fifteen
thousand warriors. You are lest protected, and
property and life are less secure now, than when
New jVtexico was a part of the Mexican territory,
even under the most distressed and helpless
condition of that unfortunate revolutionary
Government. In no part of your territory,
except immediately within the largest and
most populous towns, are the peeple and their
property safe. In the verysight of your Capitol,
large tiocks of sheep and cattle hare been repeatedly
driven off, nnd the inhabitants, womeu and
children, killed or carried into captivity from
which death itself would be a desirable relief.
AH attempts to extend the settlements upon the
most valuable part of the country, or to explore
anil develop its resources, have been rendered fu
tile and vain, nn l your population has >>cen contracted
by the entire destruction of the moat exposed
frontier settlements. No road ia safe by
which yon have aoceaatoor egress from your Territory,
all intercourse ia being out oil with the
oivilixed world.
. .Tl,e wealth of your territory ia being diminished.
The immense flocks of sheep and herds
of flattie which have supplied so largely the
Mexican country with meat, are now no longer
carried to a foreign market; and your territory,
-OA <uiDyly all M*A~,
raises enough tornomemmwfitWI. Thsartount
and value of property loet and taken from the
country by Indian depredations during the three
years sulwequent to itB occupation by the troops
of the United States, largely exceeds the amount
taken the three years previous to their occupation
of the country. This, no ono conversant
with the history of your country can deny, and
it is a frightful commentary upon the promises of
Drotection which have so often been made to vou
Thin Government in responsible, too, for that
condition of Indian hostilities in your country
for many yearn previous to the occupation of the
territory, many of the most warlike tribes had
l>een at pence with the inhabitant* of New Mexioo,
and there was scarcely ever a time when they
were all in open hostility. But the various command*
rs of that department having assumed to
regulate these Indians, uompel them to acknowledge
submission to our Government, regulate
their relations of peace and war with the different
tribes, confine them to distinct and marked
portions of the country, demand of them a surrender
of Mexican captives, and establish an entire
mastery over them who had never acknowledged
or submitted to any control from the Spanish
or Mexican Governments, and all this, with
a force totally inadequate to its exeoution, was,
of course, but to raise up a war whioh would
bring into action the full strength of every tribe.
Take, for example, a solitary instance: the hand
of Northern Apaches which do not number more
than one hundred and seventy-five warriors, and
infest but a part of the north and northeast portion
of your territory ; yet it may be confidently
asserted, that this single band, since your territory
was in possession of the United States forces,
have murdered at least as many Americans as
they have warriors in their entire nation, besides
the number of Mexicans they have killed
or carried into captivity; and their entire subsistence
during this time has been by plundering
our frontier exposed settlements. The Southern
Apachea. much more numerous, and as ferocious
ind warlike, have in the same manner infested
the southern extremity of your country. The
entire western border is squally expose*] to the
Navajoes, who have, with perfect impunity, Carrie*!
their depredations to the heart of the country,
and in sight of the fi?g-atafl' of your Capitol
The eastern part is not better protected. I'his
Is truly a lamentable picture, and calls loudly,
liut in vain, for the sympathy and assistance of
our Government. The fact that the Indians all
live entirely upon horseback; have no settled
permanent homes, that all their wealth and property
consists of hands of horses, herds, and
locks j that their predatory habits require conttant
moving; that they have almost an unlim
ited extent of vast prairies through whioh they
:an retreat, is sufficient to show that cavalry
or mounted troops alone can successfully follow
tnd chastise them. All experience iu that oouutry
tesches that infantry is of no use in the pursuit
of such a foe. The most experienced military
men have estimated that it will require at
least fifteen hundred well-mounted men to con
i|u?r ana wise* jo nuiyoiion mi* intuitu* j\v(ticking
ue as they do, by pnpid advances and retreats,
each warrior provided with a number of
horses nod relay*, it in impossible to be prepared
Tor them nt every point where they make an inxirxlon,
or to oolleot a force and overtake them
irf>re they nre again secure In their mountain
'etreata and fastnesses. It cannot be aaid that
biti at at e of thing* i* unknown here; I have
idded my indMdual teetimony to what your conrent
ion ha* said, by repeated representations to
he War department and the President of the
United Ntalee All the military oflioera have rcnorted
the courtry in a deplorable condition ; it
* all corrotiorated by every traveller or trader
ivho ia fortunate enough to get aafely out of
he country. The strength, legalities, and haht*
of those Indiana have been oommunicated to
GoDgreas, ami even the Meiiean minister has
bund it neoeaaary to call the attention of our
Government to the elocution of that article of
be treaty by which we have promised to protect
:he Meiionn aettlementa from Indians incorpo
rated In onr limits. Your Indian agent continue*
o add his accounts of the unfortunate oondition
jf the country, and beg for increaaed protection
These depredations have gone to such an extent
aithout any retribution being dealt upon the
aarlike and savage plunderers, that it enoonrtgee
all tribe# (ami even tkoae at a greater distance
from you, who have long been disposed to
peace) to undertake the same hostilities and
participate In what they deem objects of genrrsl
spoliation. And yet, in view of all thcae
r?ots. which the correspondence accompanying
the President's Message, shows him to be 1b pos- j
tension of, the President says, in that Meneage,
that the people of New Mexico are amply promoted
t Instead of offering you the protection
ton have a right to expect from the perils which
mrround and threaten U> overwhelm yea, the
leoretary ef Wer, as I have ahown, connives
d the introduction of another element of dan
ger in your initial, by l?*n<linfc himself to the
Southern scheme to introduce negroes into your
Under the present aspect at Washington, I
feel it my duty to say to you, that little expectation
can be entertained of an impartial consideration
or a just disposition of your cause. Your
opponeuts are all in power or seeking power.
Those who hare your fate in their hands hare
either great interest at stake dependent on your
ruin, or high and ambitious hopes that look to
consummation through your sacrifice. The great
body of the people of the United States lore
justice, and all their sympathies are with you.
My advice, then, is, to appeal to them to avert
the mischiefs plotted by intriguing politiciius
and sordid speculators, anu vok tiie present rely
upon yourselves ; aasert your rights by the
establishment of a State Government interdicting
slavery , gird yourselves up to resist its introduction
into your territory as a whole, or into
any part by means of dismemberment; and the
time will come, when the masses of the Union
will rally around your cause, and enable you to
defy and defeat all the machinations of your enemies.
Hi on N. him
Washington, April 14, 18.*i0.
by mrs. kmma j>. e. south worth.
I |wrt with thee
As wretohew that are doubtful of berealter
I'art with their liven?unwilling:, loath, and fearful?
An I treuiblinir at futurity ?llinrr.
I-ouis Stuart-Gordon had hurried to Alexandria
as fast as his horse could take hiin thither;
had reached the city in season, and had been so
fortunate as to re-purchase, at a small advance,
the two old people. Giving them a pass and
money to bear their expenses, he had left them to
follow him, and set out for home. Blithely Louis
started on his return. He was far too young not
to fei^l a keen ^delight in making others happy,
lie was very happ'y just no*. * The%ins&me was
so bright; the air so fresh; the landscape so
beautiful; the song of the birds so thrillingly
rapturous; the voice of the waterfalls so glad .
his own physical organization so harmoniously
attuned to all this beauty and joy, that it was no
wonder the heart of Louis beat in response
to all this glory of nature. Then all the past was
so delightful to recall; the future so blissful to
anticipate. Had he not just made a whole family
happy ? Was he not about to be supremely happy
himself, in meeting Louise? Was he not in the
very morniug of life?just eighteen?with a beautiful
and beloved wife two years younger; with
an Kden home; with congenial friends; with
immense wealth , with a heart and mind capable
of enjoying his position in the highest degree;
with every blessing himself?with great facilities
of blessing others ? Never had Louis so keenly
appreciated the blessedness of his life, as very
late, on the eveningof his return, when approaching
the river, the white walls of Mont Crystal,
between the divided forest that crowned the
Kill loAmml iin in hiu uirrltr iuuf Hiipnrnihln lit
""*1 "f ? ?fM J-"tho
bright starlight. Ha would go there first,
ami defer his visit to the Crags and his return to
the Isle until the next day. lie spurred hi* horse
into a gallop, and rode rapidly up to the outer
gate; and, flinging himself from the saddle, he
attempted to ouen it It was locked on the inside.
It was a heavy Oak gate, painted and
fastened with a strong chain and padlock, lie
rapped loudly with the loaded end of hi* ridingwhip
The noise of his rap dying away in echo,
left silence, lie listened. Nothing was heard
hut the chirping of those little insects that wake
at. night, and the slight rustle of the loaves, and
the low murmur of the waters. Me waited. No
one replitd. A vague fear parsed over his mind.
Was Susan ill? lie looked up the long locust
avenue at the house, some hundred yards back.
It was closed up?hut then it whs always so after
dark. I le rapped again, loudly and long; watched,
listened. Again the sound died away in silence,
leaving nothing but the low rural night sounds
audible, lie rapped a third time, as loudly as
ILU 1 -I. .4*.I II q<k. k.na. Ik. U
pusniuiv, nau BIIUUMJU, * UC uuunu, mo li'iunr,
there!" Again he watched, listened, watched.
This time he perceived a figure approaching down
the shaded avenue. It was Kate Jumper, who
stood now at the gate.
"11a, Kate, how do you do? How is Mrs.
Louis and your mistress ? You kept me waiting
here a long time, my good Kate. Where is the
porter? Come, Kate, my good woman, unfasten
the gate; I am a little impatient; he <juick !"
" The ladies are not at home, Bir," replied the
mulatto, stolidly.
"Not at home! Oh, I am sorry for that!
Where have they been spending the day! They
are late on their visit. 1 lowever, admit me, Kate;
I will await their return."
"The ladies will not he back to-night, sir."
"Not to night? How singular! Where have
they gone ?"
" I do not know, sir."
"When are they coming hack ?"
"1 do not know, sir."
" When did they no f "
"I do not know, sir," snid the mulatto, still
guarding the gate.
"You 'do not know' when they wen(|pyou,
who were here all the time! Kate, what does
all this mean?" exclaimed the young man, in
" ] do not know, sir."
" You ' do not know ' still! Explain yourself,
woman " commanded Mr Stuart-Gordon, lookinir
severely at her dogged counteunnce.
She paused in silence.
' Speak ! "
" What miut I any, sir 7 "
" Where are your la<lies 7"
" I do not know, sir."
"Tut! 1 am a fool to grow impatient at a sulky
negro,'' thought Louis.
Then his countenance lighted up, and he exclaimed?
" Oh, I have it! They are at the Isle of Hays,
Yoa, oertainly, they are at the Isle of lliys.
Strange I did not think of it at once Say, Kate,
are they not at the Isle 7"
" I do not know, sir."
"Tchat!" exclaimed Louis, between Imp ttlenoe
and amazement at the woman s sullenness,
as he hopped into his saddle, and turued his
horse's head towards the Isle,
"Ho best; expecting me to go home first.
Louise has gone home to receive me?that dear,
gentle Iconise" And Louis quickened his horse's
pace into a gallop, and in half an hour reached
the Isle, fully expecting to find the drawing-room
lighted up. and wearing a festive appearance for
hit reception He galloped rapidly up to the
door. There was no unusual brilliancy about
the front entrance. He threw himself from the
saddle, gave the bridle to Apollo, who stood to
take it, and with a hady question of " All well at
home, A polio 7'' to which A polio replied, "Yes, sir."
he hastened into the house, through the hall, and
entered the oak parlor. His father aod his V//<
sere, as he fondly termed Britannia, were at rapper
together | and a third cover was laid for himself,
as though they had expected him, but finally
sat down without hin.
louis started, looked around with surprise.
then, having hastily shaken hands with his
father, and kissed the cheek of his step-mother,
Louis, again looking rapidly arouud, exclaimed?
"Whrreis Louise ? I expected to find her
' She is nt Mont Crystal !'' said Britannia.
"No, she is not, madam, i have just come
from there, nnd felt sure of findiug her here !''
"Yon have been to Mont Crystal, then.
Louis ?"
" Certainly, sir! I went there just as a matter
of course, with the expectation of meeting Louise
! "
" Well?"'
" And Mrs Armstrong's attendant met me and
told me they were not at home, nor could I get
any satisfaction as to where they were."'
"Sit down, Louis, und take your tea," said
Britannia. Louis took the seat indicated, and received
a cup of tea from Britannia, still looking
all around anxiously.
" My dear father, it is absurd to feel uneasy
about this chance absence, hut I ilo feel so, nevertheless'
I* suppose it is the effect of the mere
disappointment, that there is?oh, surely no,
there cm be?no real cause for anxiety ! "
"Nonsense! Compose yourself, and drink
your tea, Louis. You cannot sec your wife tonight
; and that, upon the night of your return,
is a serious disappointment, I grant. But you
are fatigued, you will sleep it through, and tomorrow
is a new day."
" But, fiither, it was so strange in Louise, W> go
off on the evening I was expected home"
" My son, she was with her motJiT, and if that
lady autocrat chose to take her off on a visit,
Louise could not resist her will."
"True; but then there was something strange
in that woman's?Kate's, I mean?conduct towards
' My dear Louis, K&tc was always a sulky
devil; never heed her. Eat, Louis! eat, and afterwards
sleep. To-morrow hurry to Mont Crye
Trti as early as you pieise ."
There was a self-possession, a freedom from
anxiety, in the manners of both the Geueral and
Hriglity that calmed the perturbation of Louis;
so that, though certainly u little pensive from his
disappointment, he was no longer uneasy. To
shorten the hours of absence by sleep, Louis
soon retired to his room.
" We were right not to tell him any bad news
to-night, dear Brighty," said the General; "it
would have spoiled his appetite and sleep. As it
is, his hearty supper and good night's rest will
make him stronger to encounter Mrs. Armstrong,
to-morrow morning. For the present let him
They were carlv risers at the Isle of ltavs.
Indeed, upon these glorious mornings in this paradise
of nature, every hour spent in sleep seemed
a wanton waste of happiness. The most cheerful
place in the world was the breakfast parlor
at the isle of Rays. You shall judge. It was at
the angle formed by the frout snd side of the
house. The front windows looked out upon the
piuzza, and commanded a view of the beautiful
terrace with its graceful locust trees dropping
soft shadows ou the grass?the lawn, with its
shaded walks, its brooks, its waterfalls, aud
groves?upon the arm of the river that passed
between the Isle and the opposite shore?upon
the green hills, rising, receding, ami losing themselves
in the dim Htid distant mountains, with
their topH in the clouds, at the utmost verge of
the horizon. Through these front windows also
shone the inoruing sun, whose first beams fell
upon the breakfast table, shining dazzliugly upon
the snow-white damask cloth, and kindling into
splendor the tea and coffee service The hack
windows of this cheerful room opened upon ft garden
of roses, now so fresh w ith inoruing dew that
their odor tilled the room. And then the birds!
throwing all their souls of joy in their rapturous
morning reveille 1
llrighty was iu this room very early , Drighty
in her cool nnd graceful morniug dress of India
muslin, moving about blithely, occupied with the
thousand and one little cares and pleasures of
housekeeping that not all her stall of servants
could deliver her from Now stopping to adjust
upon the table some dish just brought up, now
I naanmaiftM n t tlio IimmL u imliiWS b f 11 r w Vi r b f 1 f
Home rose bush peeping through, now at the front
wiiclo**, pimping, in enhanced <lr\lght, to receive
the inflowing of nil thedtvine beauty and melody
around her. The door opened; Louis StuartGordon
entered. Hrighty came forward, smiling,
and holding out her hand. Louis gaily and
fondly carried it to his lips.
" Madam," said Louis, " how long will it be
liefore we shall have breakfast?"
" All! you are in a hurry to reach Mont Crystal.
You need not be, for if the family remained
nbrosd nil night il is likely that they will not lie
at home until after breakfast. HV only wait for
the General."
" Madam,"' again said Louis, smilingly taking
her hand, "do you kuow that 1 tindsouie embarrassment
in addressing you? To oall you Mrs.
Stuart-Gordon, is quite too formal; to c ill you
' mother,' would be absurd, and I dare not oall you
Britannia. Twenty times, ma Ullc mure, 1 have
been on the point of asking you what 1 shall call
you "
"Call her Brighty ! call her Hrighty, Louis ! "
said the General, who suddenly stood among
thein. "Call her by the pretty contraction of
Britannia?Brighty?for she is the brightness
of your father's house?the brightness of his
heart and life;" ami the General drew her to
his bosom and kissed her fondly.
"And, Louis, never rsise the tips of her fingers
to your lips, when her cheek is glowing so near
you. Love Brighty, Louis, as Louise loves her.
Itrignty always oarncu it nenri miner inai glowing
bodice of hern "
" Come ! to breakfaat!" smiled Britannia, leading
the way to the table.
Breakfast passed oft in a gay chat. Louis soon
despatched hut ooffeo and ujullius, and, excusing
himself, arose to leave the table.
" Off, Louis?" asked the General.
" Yea, air 1"
" 'I'o Mont Crystal 7"
" Yea, air."
"Stay, Louis; sit down, my dear son ; Brighty
and myself wish to have a little conversation with
you before you set out "
Louis resumed his seat, and turned his face towards
his father with an attitude and expression
of attention.
" We would not disturb you with anything unpleasant
last night, Louis, because it wan too late
to do anything, and because it would only have
spoiled your supper and your rest?and we consider
that every good meal and every good sleep
is so much real g tin in this world of infirmity
and sullenness. For the name reason, Louis, I
said nothing until you had breakfasted?and,
Louis," continued the General, buttering bis
muffin," I should have said nothing until you had
digested your breakfast, only that your haste
makes the disclosure necessary."
Louis had been growing uneasy ? anxious,
his looks expressed it.
" Well, sir!"
"Well, Louis but, my son, do not look so
alarmed "
"But Louise! Louise I"
" Is well and hoppy, for aught. I know to the
contrary "
? And"
" At Mont Crystal with her mother. of course,
where I strong'y suspect she was at the very moment
you calleil there."
' Hir ' my father I"
' Wait, Louis, ami hear mo explain. The affected
reconciliation wns alt a strnfngem on the
part of Mrs Armstrong to get Louise into her
|K)wer. She shuts her up at Mont Crystal, denying
admittance to every member of our family."
"My wife! What cm be her reason V divided
between astonishment and indignation.
" Ah I the reason !" repeated the General, sippinir
his coffee. " Who can fathom the heurt and
diaoover the motive of n bad woman for her bad
acts 1"
" lint her ostenaihle reason V
" Her ostensible reason is that the terms of the
marriage oonlraet have not been kept, Inasmuch
as |,ouiae is not at the head of this oatablishment.
This reason aha gave on a visit she mode me
*Ja?ut a week since, sthrming at the same time
that, until niyaelf and my wife should give up
possession here, Louise should not see or speak to
hrr husband, or any member of his family '
" The old controversy, then, air?''
" Exactly. Hut her rati reason is a concealed
mortification and dealre of revenge "
Here (jrii'-ral Htuart-Gordon for the first time
relets d to Louis the mutual and terrible misapprehension
of himself and Mrs A rmatrong, when
conversing upon matrimonial subjects.
Louis and Hritunnia, despite of the serious
matter in hand, gave way to the ludierousneea of
the scene as described by the General, and laughed
heartily. The laugh did Louis good. It raised
his spirits.
" Now, Louis," continued the General, u we do
not consider this matter very grave. Of course
this lady must give up your wife. It would be
absurd to suppose that sue would refine steadily.
The worst will bt a rupture between the femiliee
of Mont Crystal and the Isle. That will be iinpleasant,
certainly. Rut really perfect happiness
is not the lot of any human being;, and. as we
hare no many blessings, we must reconcile ourselves
to this unpleasantry, considering, meanwhile,
that to He struck from the visiting list of
Mrs. Armstrong is one of the lightest miseries
that could happen to us. Rat, Rrghty. my denr.
you are looking gloomy. What is the'matter 7"
ttI sm thinking of Louise?poor child that
whoever gains the victory, she must he the loser
and I am wishing, if possible, tliat, for her sake,
a permanent peace could be effected '
" I wish ao, too "
u Have you anything farther to say to me. my
dear sir."
"No, no! oh. no! I thought it right to put
you in possession of the fact* before you left , 1
that is all. I did not myielf, however, consider
them very important, except that they might have
given yon unnecessary auxiety."
Louis bowed, and left the room.
" Von have eaten no breakfast, my dear Brigbty,'
said the tienerax.
"1 am thinking of Louise and Louis. They
love one another so fondly ; and they are both so
gentle?poor childien; and they should be so
happy; and I sympathise ao much in their affection
fcr each other that I drea I everything that
" Do not feel go much, my darling. You did not
seem to think this eery serious till now "
" Nor did I. sir?for I did not know until now
how great a humiliation she had suffered , how
lasting a cause of vengeance that will he to a
woman like her.''
u Yet Mrs. Armstrong will not dare to brave
publio opinion by attempting to keep Louise from
her husband."
" Mrs. Armstrong will dure do anything she
pleases to do ; and Mrs. Armstrong would think
it very impertinent in public opinion to set in , I
judgment on any of her actions. Take my knowledge
of her for that "
"Yet you did not seem to know her very well,
Brighty. She deceived you, as all of us, in her
affected reconciliation."
" 1 did not know her duplicity, sir, certainly
and it was the very last vice of which 1 should
have suspected her. I knew her almost omnipotence
of will, her immutability of purpose; but
I supposed her too haughty for duplicity; and a
woman like her rosorting to duplicity, only
proves how deeply seated her desire of vengeance
is, and that alarms me the mor*- ? gg
"Oh! nonsense, my dear! Would yon make
me believe that Mrs. Armstrong ia a l.ody Macbeth
1 Come," said he, going to the tahle and
pouring out a cup of coffee?' drink this, darling,
and discover for yourself what a different aspect
affairs will wear after a good cup of coffee.'
Brighty's smile broke out like sunshine, cha?
ing the shadow from her brow, as she received
the cup so affectionately tendered, and sipped its
"There, now, you shsll have your song, as
usual, before you go out,'' she said, rising gaily,
and leading the way to the parlor?"A hunting
song, of course, my dear Niinrod
" Of course, my dear Brighty."
She played a prelude, and commenced singing
an inspiring old song, of which the General was
very fond?" Hark away ! hark away! hark away
to the downs!" the General standing at the hack
of her chair, and joining in the chorua. At its
conclusion she would have left the piano, but the
General telling her that he should not go out
until the return of Louis, she resumed her seat,
and played and sung several other pieces to fill
up the time, until the horse of Louis galloped
into the yatd, and his step sounde l in the hull
He entered, pale and agitated
" Well, Louis?" anxiously exclaimed both the
General and Brighty.
Louis threw himself into a chair, before speaking
; then he said?" 1 hare been denied admittance"
" Certainly, we expected that. Indeed, we eon
nidered your visit merely as a matter of form?a
preliminary necessary before making a formal demand
for the restitution of y?x?? wif?. Now. ^
Louis, you are to write to Mm. Armstrong, de- *
mandTng tlio return ot Luiiise."
" No," said Louis, " I shall first w rite to Louise,
requesting her tooome home.-'
,l Do so, then, my son."
" Take my word for it, Louise will nover get
your letter," said Britannia, "unless you take
some indirect and secret way of getting it into
her hands."
"Zounds ! It would he n relief at this moment
to swear I Waa ever a respectable family placed
in so nwkward nnd ridiculous a position before ?"
" Louis, don't he it fool 1 take no more concilia
tory measures at all. It is loss of time and labor.
Raise the devil about the ears of that old Hecate
Get out a writ of hubrat corpus f Nue for your
marital rights."
"Nue for my marital rights! Saints and angels!
my father, but you hare forgotten all that
is lorely in lore, to drpani of such a thing ! Sue
for my marital rights! Sue whom ? Sw. Louise.
that gentle and tender Louise ! Sue h'.r f Yes '
Heaven knows, if I could get admittance to her
aear presence, now i wouia sue nt*r: wiin
bended knee and uplifted hands and eyes, I would
tut for the privilege of passing iny whole life
with her, of devoting my whole life to her! That
is the manner in which I would eue Louise!''
"And you are right, my dear noble-hearted
Louis. You would not shock her delicacy, or
wound her sensibilities, by any other suit, at
"May God mend the wits of all poets, I say !
That's for your benefit, Louis ! and for vou, Miss
Brighty I bright eyes! bright hair I bright lips! ;
do you run away 1 Nay, 1 implore you to do so ,
that i may show Master Louis how long I should
sit here, twisting my fingers, with my eyes on the
ground, in patient widowhood !" exclaimed the
General, in a half petulant, half caressing tone.
"No, I ain much obliged to you, sir! I prefer
oot! Like Mrs. Armstrong, I think that all
scenes are decidedly vulgar; unlike Mrs. Armstrong,
I cannot defy public opinion! Then turning
to Louis, she said?" All I beg of you, Louis, is,
that you will do nothing in haste. Be patient
for a little while. I >o not, above all things, let thin
matter become public through any imprudence
of yours. Let the world believe, for the pros
ent, that Louise is on a visit to her mother.
Wait; this cannot IsHt. It is preposterous to
think that a young husliand and young wife, who
love each other tenderly, can be separated finally
by anything but death. All that la to be feared
now, is, that this matter will get out, and reflect
discredit upon the family. That would be so
shocking! Guard against that, Louis! Be patient,
and I will do all that I can for you. All
will be well. Come, Louis, be cheerful I"
"Ah, madam1 if you did but know hew this
treatment of me by Louise pierces my heart!"
" I ilo know it, dear Louis; hut yon must not
blame Louise too severely. A rule that would
apply to Hny other woman will not apply to her
Louise Iinh received a peculiar education. It wsn
in consideration of that fact that I applauded
your reaolution of not suing. otherwise than as a
lover might. Louise loves you tenderly, and Buffers
In this separation fruiu you, Uut she considers
that her first duty is obedience to her mother.
Thr.t duty has been impressed on her mind from
her infancy up. Nho knows nothing of her duty
as a wife; that has never heen taught her.''
" Hut one would suppose," said Louis, " that
her natural instincts would enlighten her."
" Dear Louis, her mother has taught her to
consider her mere iiutuuti as so many temptations
of the evil one Louise has been taught but one
of the Ten Commandments, "Honor thy father
and thy mother "?hut not " Love and honor thy
husband she knows nothing of that. The
whole of the life of Louise has been spent in
learning nod practicing one lesson?filial honor
and obedience It is her idiosyncrasy?her monomania
All her life ahe has been In the hsnds of
her mother, and that mother has used that time
in obtaining and confirming an almost omnipotent
power over the heart of her child. And at her
mother's oommsnd she wilt renounce her husband,
although her heart were to break in the
renunciation I"
" But this is unnatural 1 monstrous!"
" Yet, it is unnatural I moustroua I but it is the
effect of education , and you know the all-powerful
inflnence of education One educated in a
particular belief, creed?be it ever so far from
right reason?will die, if necessary, for that creed I
Some of the gentlest, tendereet, and most timid
women that have ever lived, have suffered themselves
to be hanged, burned, or torn by wild
horses, rather than renounce some point of duty
in which th'y believed, no matter how far from
the truth It might be. So with Louise She will
.11 >nff.rln* rather than disobey her moth
er, since that is her religion.''
"Louie! get her buck home, get her home.
She is young yet, and you can teach her a new
creed, I would not give a oent for a young man
who oonld not induee his young bride to believe
that the stars were all angels, or anything else he

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