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The national era. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1847-1860, June 20, 1850, Image 3

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NO. 181.
Paris, May 30, 1850.
To the Editor of the Sanotuil Era:
Tbe filial rote hu not been taken on the
Electoral Mil; hut tbe first three articles hare
been adopted. The majority in its favor is.compact
and w. 11 disciplined, and has decided, in a
reunion, held for the purpose, to pass the bill
without amendment, driving it through, with all
its imperfections on its head. The strong numbers
have been won over by promises, and the
feeble ones whippet! in by menaces, just as in the
fimous Missouri Compromise of the United
States A certain M. Veain, who was a little
stubborn, was openly ezpelled from the party on
the floor of the House, after his speech in favor
uf a third party amendment. "Go to the Mountain,
where you belong V was shouted to bim in j
chorus, and the poor wretch remounted the tribune,
to stammer out an apology, and declare that
if tbe amendment should be rejected, he should
vote for the law, although it was against his con
Bcicncf! 'i'tlg morning papi-rs ui iuc ujsjumj
scold him this morning for supporting the amend- I
meat, and add, that he has been forgiven this
time, after making all necessary acknowledgments.
This scene of abasement is the most pitiable yet
witnessed in the French Assembly.
The debate has been a hot one from the commencement,
and one of the most able ever wit- j
nesaed in a parliamentary body. Spite of the j
greut orators who bare succeeded each other at j
the tribune for more than a week, the poet Hugo
has borne off the palm of eloquence. His rival,
Lamartine, confining himself to considerations of
mere expediency, failed in making a deep impression.
Men listen now to Lamartine, not for the
lofty truth he utters, but for the melody and
beauty of his language. They hear him
" but to please their ear,
Not ineud their minds; as eouie to cbureti repair,
Not for the doctrine, but the iuusm there "
The daily press of this city has been filled,
since the commencement of the discussion, with
appreciations of the different orators, each party
praising its own orators, and satirising those of
the opposition. Each orator has not one Khadamanthus
to judge him, but two. Scarcely has his
speech been fairly enshrouded in the Moni/ev*, or
official report, before the two party presses approach
the body; one is his good and the other his
bad angel, and they chant their requiems over
him, and, under pretence of using holy water,
Spritiaie dnlt. uu? ttitj'tetilf, 4iiJ
1 . " % , V * V
The press has said more of Victor Hugo than
of any other member who has spoken on the hill.
He has been better praised and more roundly
abused than anv other. Open a journal of the I
Opposition, ami you will find something like the
What a great orator! What a magnificent
poet! What a path of light Victor Hugo leases
after him ! He embraces at a single glance the
confines of the European horiion. He advances,
and in three steps he has traversed the world.
He disdains the present, and reads, with prophetic
eye, the future. He resembles the Sybil of old,
when, all-inspired by the Divinity, she agitated
herself on the tripod ; or Mpees, when crowned
on Sinai with the halo from heaven. What a beautiful
cadence in his periods ! What an inbreathing
of the soul into each word ! What floods of
harmony! His language seems to flow over
sands of gold through a prairie of flowers. His
words enter the heart; he insinuates with irresistible
sweetness, he attracts and subjugates the
most rebellious spirits, and the angry murmurs
of political passions are hushed in his presenoe.
Pick up one of the Ministerial papers, and you
tied a very different notice of the same effort,
rtmning perhaps in this strain :
Victor Hugo is evidently on the decline; he
lost himself entirely to-day in an empty and dull
nkiHka?nlnffv Hii r?r?t.nrinal atrip Hah n^ithpr the
melody of poetry nor the fir mo ens and ease of
prose. And, besides, don't speak to us of these
orator-poets ! They always fly on their swans'
wings a hundred miles from the question. This
was simply whether a citizen who pays no tax
onght to rote, and lo and behold! Mr. Hugo
buries himself in the sands of Libya, or interrogates
the oracles of the god Memnon! Men
ought to leave poetry to the manuficturers of
rhymes and metaphors, and in business matters
speak the language of business. The priests of
Memphis, the dwellers on the Caspian sea, the
Romans of the Coliseum, and the god Memnon,
have nothing to do, that we know of, with paying
our taxes in France. Victor Hugo amuses himself
with playing on his flute all sorts of airs;
but it is nut by flute-playing that he can defend
Liberty, or save society from the bloody talons of
Socialism. We shall praise M. Hugo more when
he confines his attention to writing such pieces as
Angela for the stage, and leave politics to those
who understand them.
From the bitter attacks and vigorous defence
of M Hugo, it is fair to iufer that his speech has
made r great impression. Birds bite the best
cherries. The tics which formerly bound him to
the majority are severed, and he is now fairly
launched on the sea of liberalism.
The local news of Paris and the news from
the interior are not interesting. Nothing is
heard of except the opposition to the Electoral
law, and the persecution of editors; 1,900,000
signatures have already been affixed to the petitions
against it. At Paris, the packed jury is
sending writers, editors, and publishers, to prisonIt
is nut improbable that M. Entile de Girardin
will be condemned, before long, for he is the candidate
of the Democrats of the department of
D.. D1 . # ll - I t _1_ .1 < .L
D*n-i%mn iur me iwiii election 01 idc vw. i ne
Government will scarcely permit him to arrive at
the door of the Assembly without persecuting
him a little.
The President has given orders to the director
of the (Jo/?Iihi Tafttfry Manufacture to commence
his portrait in one or two fine carpets, lie must
be calculating on a long stay at the Klysf e; for
one of these carpets cannot be finished in less than
foor or five years. Several, intended to hand
down to posterity the features and glorious deeds
of the sons of Louis Philip}**, remain iu an uufiu'mhed
A madman, named Sefeloge, attempted, on the
V-'d of May, to assassinate the King of Prussia,
ns the latter was passing from his carriage to the
railr>ua/l /.?? -? ?l
VJI? uv vuiiriinironur^. I ne IMDg blUt
raised hi* hand to his hat, to relurn the salutationa
of the bystanders, at the moment gf the discharge
of the pistol. Thin act of politeness saved
his life ; the hall aimed at hia hrenat struck his
wrist, and glanced down toward the elhow, tearing
open the arm frightfully. It is a flesh wound
only, and the physicians give the public the assurance
that the King will soon recover the use
of the limb. The Queen was close to the King,
uud was spattered with his blood.
The difficulty between England and France
has nearly ceased to attract attention at Paris
it was a three days bobble. Nothing definitive
has been agreed on yet as the basis of a reconciliation,
but the dispositions on both sides are eicel)ent.
Lord Pslmeraton sent over laat week a
proposition in eighty-six pages, the purport of
which may lie stated in three, as follows: "What
is done can't be helped, hut in regard to the
claims not included in the arrangement with
Ure-ece, we will accept, not your good offices but
four mediation." Thin has been rejected by the
1'rench Cabinet. The negotiation is prolonged
in order to sound the pnblio mind in relation to
the Prussian alliance, and, if that should be
found too bold s step, to make a proper show of
indignation before ramming friendly relations
with Lord Palsserston An opinion pretty generally
entertained here in diplomatic circles is.
that the sudden mpture of relations with England
was Intended to faring sbomt the ball of Lord
Palmereton, and the formation of n Tory Cabinet
in England. This enema probable enough, for
in the event of enoh a change, the foreign poUey of
England would be corns frankly ranetlonary Its
present liberalism, or rather nun is?lllalism. la I
a greet eye-sore to the Continental Oevernmealn '
? i W ,
A recent occurrence at Cadiz may again embroil
the English and Spanish Cabinet*. An
English officer was arrested there last week and
thrown into prison, for some infringement of the
regulations of the port?the officer denying the
charge The English Consul protested officially
against the imprisonment.
In the case of the English claims against Tuscmy,
ii chiug certain is known since the |>o*ilive
declaration of Austria, that she would consider
an attack on Tuscany equivalent to one on herself.
This is an alliance of two insolvents against
a constable. If England will turn herself into a
hum-bailiff for the collection of debts, she must
expect to find occasionally a manor where resistance
is fancied to be a right.
England is now menacing Naples with a demonstration
after the fashion of the one against
Greece, in order to compel the compensation of
her subjects whose property whs destroyed in the
recent, troubles in Sicily. The fleet of Admiral
Parker may he used in this case also, if Naples
does not keep her promises in this matter. No
positive act hns yet taken place, but the negotiations
are said to have taken a most threatening
tone. England is presenting herself everywhere
with overdue notes in one hand, and a pistol in
the other. " Pay or be shot," is her war cry.
The tactics of the reaction in the last, electioneering
campaign were very able; ihey consisted
in adopting the banners and principles of the
L^erais, nud shouting louder than they for the
National Independence and honor. Leaders who
were obnoxious to the people, qp account of their
connection with the old Somlerbond, effaced themselves
from view during the struggle. This plan
w*s approved, if not iRvitci, 'hi 1tt|f)rririfti*rVn
of the absolute Powers. Considerable sums of
money were furnished by mysterious bands for
t he corruption of the election, and the rvpnted
bribery is so extensive, that fifty-two of the successful
ctndidates of the Sonderbond find their
seats contested. The influence of fureign intrigues
ou the elections in Switxerland, and the immense
importance to the reaction of falsifying the expression
of the popular will in Switxerland, were
admirably demonstrated in the opening speech of
the President of the late Swiss Assembly.
The only news from this country is the presentation
of a bill by M. Thorbecke, the leading
Minister, for the extension of the right of suffrage,
by the lowering of the property qualification.
The same bill provides for the division of
the State into electoral districts, in such a manner
as to cause the most violent opposition Hinoug
the Catholic clergy. According to these gentlemen,
the bill has been drawn up so as to favor
the ProtestHtats at their expense. If they can
show that the bill will not secure a fair expression
of the will of the majority, it should be mollified
; but t here is no doubt of its passage. Aside
from this alleged injustice, it is encouraging to
r.?<l 4V' f\f ..*l>
while those of Franco are retroirradingv It is a !
-tnifiT: lacte > uav vuf nnndk'ivitfoii j*eiwhim> '
power in France, that moment his liberalism begius
to vanish. Some attribute this to an inherent
fickleness and love of power inherent in the
French character, but, certainly, the immense
patronage and arbitrary power attached to the
office of a French Minister is sufficient to account
(or the change, without supposing such fault* in
the national character. The French centralization
system is enough to corrupt almost any man;
in fact, there are few Americans who would come
out pure from a French Ministry. Au effectual
way to prevent a man from getting dizzy on a
height, is to level the height
The inhabitants of the mountains near the
Caspian sea are genuine Hotspurs,always prompt
to quarrel with Russia. With them, too, the
blow goes before the word. At the first news,
some months ago, of the hospitality offered to
Kossuth in Turkey, and the expected war between
that Power and Russia, the Circassian
chiefs hel<l a meeting in some cavern, ami resolved
to aid Turkey by all the means in their
power. According to the logic of these warlike
men, the less time wasted in sending down to
Constantinople to know if their aid was needed,
the better. They determined to go to fighting at
once, and send an ambassador to the Multan to
tell him that he must oommence on his side. No
sooner reeolved on than done. The Circassians
have been fighting ever since, like born devils,
under the leadership of a chief named Chamyl
Bey, who is the William Wallaoe of Circassia;
if half said of him is true, numerous skirmishes
and battles have been fought, and the war is still
raging furiously, although quite unnoticed in this
part of the world.
The relation of the Clergy in Europe to Public
Instruction merits a few words, it has been the
policy of most of the Government* to ploee the
control of common school education party in the
hands of the Clergy, who have always contended
for the monopoly. This is true of bath Catholic
and Protestant countries. A continual straggle
t. ? .1 i i ? i. .?k.. .k.
IJHU lUUfl 11 ftopt up urm ecu mr v_< ivi nuu i-uv
Mmister of Public Instruction in each State. The
recent alliance of the French Clergy and reaction
party hua broken down, in a great measure, the
monopoly of theSt&te for the benefit of the Clergy.
But in Belgium, the organic law on education,
which haa already passed the Chamber of Deputies,
and is under discussion in the Senate, will
wound vitally the influence of the Clergy. All
the bishops and archbishops have sent to the Senate
a solemn protest against the bill. In Sweden,
a law has just been passed, on this subject, quite
as unfavorable to the Clergy, who have also protested.
King Oscar has taken no notice of their
protest, but has ordered the law to be enforced
throughout his dominions In Austria, the increased
power given by the Government to the
Clergy has occasioned much disconteut among
the people.
The cose of the Archbishop of Turin has been
brought to a close. He has been found guilty of
exciting a revolt against ihe laws of the land, snd
sentenced to one month's imprisonment, and five
hundred litres fine. The Archbishop refused to
go to the trial, and declsred that if he were taken
by force, it would be uecessary to drag him every
foot of the way. In these circumstances, the court
decided not to compel him to come, und condemned
him by default, after hearing all the proof, and after
a verdict of guilty by the jury. The verdict and
sentence are fully sustained by public sentiment,
which condemns severely the ecclesiastical attempt
at revolt. The Archbishop has the sympathy
of the high Clergy of Piedmont, one of whom
has imitated his example by addressing a circular
to the Clergy of his diocese, commanding them
to refuse all obedience to the constituted jiowers.
After this act of bravado, in full conformity, it
must be confessed, with the Pope's instructions to
the Piedmont Clergy, in the famous epistle countersigned
by Cardinal An'onelli, and addressed to
the Piedmont Government, Bishop Varrcini attempted
10 escape, hut he has been detained and i
indicted. The King of Piedmont shows that he
is not inclined to humor the absurd claims of the
11 omish hierarchy.
M. Montalembert. and other defenders of Catholicism
in France, have got up a subscription in
order to purchase a cross of s.did gold, to be transmitted
to the Archbishop of Turin, as a testimony
of their admiralion for his rebellion against the
laws of Piedmont. And yet, M. Montalembert
is one of the iw-sf furious defenders of law and
order in France.
Some sensation wis produced at Turin last
week, by a motion made in the Chamber of Deputies,
oy M. B ro fieri O, for the abolition of all the
foreign Legations of Piedmont. He took the
ground that these Legations were useless, to say
the Iffttt. rome?t,?B<w hurtful, and always ?ery expensive.
They are certainly very serious burA#
? OAlinlrv HL'ft PilwfmODL
urun uu iqc irrum j v/? ? wu? + j -
whose relations with foreign countries are not of
such importance as to demand resident ministers
at foreign courts. The relations of the United
States with most of the countries of Europe are
not no pressing as those of Piedmont, hut we are
rich enough to support the folljr, and Piedmont is
not. W
I f nkkhism in the free States finds a warm patron
in the Washington Union. It rejoices over
the defeat of Mr. Palfrey hy the scattering votes
of Democrats who would rather Freedom should
be lost for want of one rote from the North than
gire up their miserable party prejudices. The
U/uon in very complimentary towards the "leaders"
who, for the purpose of securing a full representation
in Congress for Massachusetts, in this
emergency, advised the Democrats to deeist from
a struggle that could secure not a single benefit to
the Democracy, but might lead to a result which
all parties at the North would deprecate, it
styles them " leaders of weak virtues and inexperienced
intellects "
Concerning James Thompson of Pennsylvania,
who was aleoted as a Wilmot Proviso man, on bin
solemn assurances of fidelity to that measure, it
furnishes the following intelligence;
" The Hon. James Thompson, the able and efficient
Representative of the Kris (Pennsylvania)
district, has returned and taken his neat in the
House. We are informed thai Mr. Thompson
gives n very Huttim# report of tk* eowuromue i/mit
that new actuate* tk, popular simH of tkr Democracy
tf tko Keyrtoac State. Tkt lanjf uwot mn hot Uowo
may. We will carry the Mute the smmlng fail
by from fifteen Is twenty thouennd majority "
Mr. Thompson la a Dots to the Umoa, contra
diets this statement, so fur as the Tariff is concerned.
The Democracy of Pennsylvania can compromise
the question of Protection to Frttdom,
bat Protection to Iron .'?not fgr the world would
they compromise that! Whst a noble nomocracy
The Uhioh favors Mr. Wilmot with its kind
regards. ?ud hopes that he " will hare an opportunity,
in the bosom of retirement, of repenting of
the mischief which he has already inflicted upon
his couutry."
It is delightful to know from Holy Writ that
"the hope of the wicked shall perish."
Tua Richmond (Va.) W'hio, which at fit>t favored
the Compromise, has taken strong ground
against it. It thinks the Mouth can do better th.in
"take this jtrojtt. The admission of California, j
which is inevitable, and the leaving the wild re
gions of Utah and New Mexico to take c.irc of
themselves, cannot be worse than the dismemberment
of Texas, the conversion of a portion of it
into free territory, the increase of the national
debt some ten or twenty-five millions, and the un
qualified acknowledgment of the power of Congress
to pass the Proviso. The North does not
ask these concessions, which Mr. Clay makes;
and the South ought not to volunteer them."
*'K1I>AY, JUNK 14, lSr?0.
A motion made by Mr. 1 laic, that when the
Senate adjourn it adjourn to uieet on Monday
next, wsi8, after considerable discussion, voted
down Yeas 17, nays 2s.
A bill authorizing a change of venue in certain
cases in the District of Columbia, to the oourta of
the district of Maryland, was read a third time
and passed.
The Senate resumed the consideration of the
bill reported by the Committee of Thirteen, the
pending question being on the motion of Mr.
Turney to strike out the :>9th section, relating to
the Texas boundary.
Mr. Clemens having moved to fill the blank in
this part of the bill with one inilliou of dollars, a
discussion arose, in which Messrs. Clay, llale,
King, and Butler, participated, nod at the close of
which, the vote being taken, stood?
Ykas?Messrs. Benton, Clemens, Davis of
Mississippi Hale, Hunter, Pearce, Soule, and
Nays?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Baldwin,
Bell, Berrien, Bright, Cans, Clay, Cooper, Djtw
awlfc-Wi "f*~ *
?<?r, t Vy-fr-r Ki
ft ttsk,SewarTj>ihields,Smith,Spriianft'.Sturgeon,
Underwood, Wales, Walker, Welmter, and Whitcomh?1)0.
The question then recurred on tho motion of
Mr Turney to strike out the whole section.
After a protracted debate, the question was
taken, and the vote stood :
Ykas?Messrs Baldwin, Benton, Butler, Chase,
Clarke, Corwin, Davis of Massachusetts, Davis of
Mississippi, Dayton, Dodge of Wiscousiu, Greene,
Hale, Jlamliu, Hunter, Mason, Miller, Seward,
Smith, Soult?, Spruanoe, Turney, Uphum, Wales,
and Yulee?24.
Nays?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Berrien,
Bright, Cubs. Clay, Cooper, Dawson, Dickinson,
i ?<>nge ui lowti. i?nwnn, ruvir, iiuusiiui, junm,
King, Morton, Norris, Peurce, Pratt, Rusk,
Shields, Sturgeon, Und?rwoo<l, Walker, Webster,
and Wh'.teomb?27.
Mr. King said that Mr.Clemens had paired off
with Mr. Douglas, who was detained at his lodgings
by sickness.
| The reader, in estimating the chances of the
passage of the bill through the Senate, will bear
in mind that had this section been stricken out,
the bill would hare been doomed. He will then
observe that Bright, Cass, Cooper, Dickinson,
Dodge, Jones, Norris, Shields, Sturgeon, Walker,
Webster, and Whitcomb, from free States, voted
against striking out; in other words, in such a
way as to promote the chances of the passage of
the bill. The names of Norris, Shields, and
Walker, have not heretofore been found in such
a category. Their record now is significant ]
The Senate adjourned.
Memorials were presented by Mr. Hale on the
subject of peace, and were referred to the Committee
on Koreign Relatione ; also, aatiehvwy memorials,
which were laid upon the table.
An order submitted by Mr. Yulee yesterday,
that when the Senate meet on Monday, it be to
adjourn till Thursday next, coining up, Mr. Clsy
objected to the resolution, and called for the yeas
and nays.
Mr. Berrien suggested that it would be better
to resolve to adjourn on Thursday next till the
Monday following. That would give time to put
the Chamber in summer trim.
Mr. Yulee acoepted the suggestion, and the
vote being taken on his resolution as mollified,
stood?yeas 34, nays 10.
The Senate resumed the consideration of the
Omnibus bill.
The question pending was on an amendment
proposed by Mr Hale to the 13th section
Me moved to strike out the words, 44 where the
value of the property, or the amount in controversy,
to be ascertained by the oath or affirmation of
either party, or other competent witness, shall exceed
$1,000," and insert, "in all csaes in which
said Supreme Court of the Unites! States would
have jurisdiction, if said cases had arisen iu any
one of the United States "
The part of the section, if amended as proposed,
would read as follows:
44 Writs of error and appeals from the final
decisions of said Supreme Court shall he allowed,
and may be taken to the Supreme Court of the
United Statex, in the same manner and under the
saiue regulations us from the circuit courts of the
United States, in all cases in which Haid Supreme
Court of the United States would have jurisdiction,
if said case had arisen in any of the United
After some remarks of Messrs. Clay, Hale, Berrien,
and Webster?
Mr. llale withdrew that portion of his amendment
proposed to be Inserted, and offered the following
in lieu thereof:
4a Except only that in oil cases involving title to
slaves, the said writs of error or appeals shall be
allowed and decided by the said Rupreme Court
without regard to the value of the matter, properly,
or title in controversy ; and except, al?o,
that a writ of error or appeal shall also he allowed
to the Supreme Court of the United States fur
the decision of the said Supreme Court created by
this act, or of any judge thereof, or of the district
courts created by this act, or of any judge thereof,
upon utiy writ of halteas corpus involving the
tpieston of personal freedom "
Mr ilale modified his motion no ns to strike out
no part of the hill, but iosert as above loot proposed,
to come in after the word "dollars." And
the amendment was then adopted.
Mr. Houlf' moved to amend the f>lh section of
the bill, relating to the eeUblishmeut of the Ter
ritorjr of Utah, by inserting ''And when the
said Territory or any portion of the some shnll i>e
admitted as a State, it shall be received into the
Union with or without slavery, tin, their Constitution
may prescribe at the time of their admission."
Mr. Sotiif' said that he desired by this amendment
to ascertain the meaning of this part of
the bill, aa considered by the Committee of Thirteen
Mr Hale opposed the amendment; he considered
that this Congress had no right to make a
compact to hind any future Congress in its action
upon the admiaaion of a new 8t*l?.
Mr. Day ton said that there was much force in
what was said by the 8onator from New Hampshire.
He would not vote against the amendment,
hut, that he might not be misunderstood, ho would
not vote for it.
Mr. Atchison said that be did not think the
Senator from New Hampshire had stated all the
reasons which had influenoed his course.
Mr. Clsy said that he had no great objections
to this amendment, but be stuted some objections
to the form of the amendment
Mr. Berrien replied, and urged the adoption of
the amendment
Mr. Clemens moved, and the bill was postponed
till Monday.
The Senate then proceeded to the consideration
of Kxeoutive busiuees?
And shortly afterwards adjourned.
Mosnar, June 17, IHV).
After the transaction of the usual morning business,
the Hcnate resumed the consideration of the
report of the Committee of Thirteen, Mr. Houl^'?
amendment pending.
Mr. Webster repeats I what he had said In
March laat, that he did not think there vu a foot
of territory In the United 8ut?e whooe character,
aa refarda slaver/ or free noil, was not fixed ana
nettled b/ aome Irrepealahle law. He believed ao
till. For thia re.iaon he had cheerfully voted
agtfnat what waa called the Wilinet Proviso. He
ooold not coaeider that any provision reepeetlng
slater/ waa nsfvaaary, because he believed that
there was no acre possibility of the introduetioh
of slavery late the Territoriw than there waa of
If in trod eat lea into Massachusetts
* /'.
He would vote for this amen tmeot, because h?
still believed that slavery ooul l never be introduced
into the Territories.
lie Raid that if there had been anything like a
decent argument contained In the various stricture
upon hie ppeeohee, he might have been induced
to stop and examine it. Bat upon examination
it would be fonnd that all these strictures
upon his course, his conduct, speeches, kc., were
nothing but idle wonder und empty declamation.
With regard to the comments contained in the
public press it would be of but little use to reply to
them. But, if any one would undertake here to
point out any inconsistency in anything he had
done, he would meet that person in debate, and
he would t?e oontent to stand or fall by the result.
His object here was peace ; his desire reconciliation
lie was not here to make out a case for the
North, or a case for the Bouth He was against
any agitation North or South, and desired to put
down all sectional questions. He was an Ameri- |
can. He knew no country but America. He |
knew no particular locality in the country. He
was for the Union?for the whole of the lTnit<?l
States, without any sectional distinction , be was
for the whole Union, and, God willing, would be
so to the end of the chapter. | Applause in all
parts of the chamber ]
Mr. Norris said that the prohibition or tolcraiZ
- # -1 1 ' -
nuii ui ?ia?ery ny a new esuu? w in not an<l should
not be a test upon their adnjfWon. For this reason
he was disposed to vote for the amendment,
not because he oonsiderea it at all neoessaty, but
)>ecause he wits unwilling that his name should
appear on the reoord of the Senate agaiust what j
be considered a great constitutional principle, J
binding upon him equally with every other Senator.
Mr. Seward stated that having paired off with
M r. Dickinson, he could not vote , but if he could,
he would vote against the amendment.
Mr. Baldwin moved to amend the amendment
by striking out all after the words " admittedosa
| State," and insert as follows: At the proper time, j
! to be judged of by Congress, the fleople of said j
Territory shall be admitted to the enjoyment of
all the rights of citiiens of the Unite ! States, according
to the principles of the Constitution of
the United States.
This amendment was debated by Messrs. Cass,
King, Hale, Seward, Baldwin, and Soul<f. Ana
the question being taken, the amendment to the
amendment was rejected by the following vote
Ykas?Messrs Baldwin, Chase, Clarke, D ivis
of Massachusetts, Dayton, Dodge of Wisconsin,
Greene, Hale, Miller, Smith, Uphain, and Walker?12.
Nays?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Benton,
Berrien, Bright, Butler, Cass, Clay, Clemens,
Cooper. Davis of Mississippi, Dawson, Dodge of
Iowa, Douglas, Downs, Foote, Houston, Hunter,
Jones, King, Mason, Morton, Norris, l'earce,
Pratt, Busk, Sebastian, Shields, Soul**, Spruance,
Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood, Wales, Webster,
Whitcomh, and Yulee?3R.
? SVlt.yt.f* * *
tofMr. Kpul/. . .. ^
*iv>etd?ra l'Aiyum atitl ivDlittVYjirAeA-o their intention
to vote against the amendment, but did not,
by their votes, desire to be considered as being
committed either wav uoon the tiroiumitinn
Messrs Dodge of Iowa and Douglas explained |
their reasons for voting for the amendment
And the question being taken, the Amendment
of Mr. Soult1 whs adopted, as follows
Yeas?Messrs Atchison, Badger, Hell, Renton,
Rerrien, Bright, Rutler, Cass, Clay, Clemens,
Cooper, Davis of Mississippi, Dawson, Dodge of
Iowa, Douglas. Downs, Foote, Houston, Hunter,
Jones, King, Mason, Morton, Norris, Pearce,
Pratt, Rusk, Sebastian. Shields, Soulti, Spruanoe,
Sturgeon, Turnsy, Underwood, Wales, Welwter, !
Whitoomh, and Yolee?38.
Nats?Messrs. Baldwin, Chase, Clarke, Davis
of Massachusetts, Dayton, Dodge of Wisconsin,
Greene, Hale, Miller, Smith, Uphani, and Walker?12
Mr. Hale moved to insert at the end of the first
section (the part of the bill relating to California)
the following:
" New States not exceeding two in number, of
convenient size, and having sufficient population,
may hereafter, by consent of said State of California,
be formed out of the territory thereof, which
shall be entitled to admission under the provisions
of the Constitution.
Mr. King moved, and the bill wan postponed till
F*ii>ay, Jrm 14, 1850.
A motion to go into Committee of the Whole
on the Private Calender was lost?yeas 86, nays
A motion to go into Committee of the Whole
on (he state of the Union was lost?yeas 81, nnvs
The Standing Committees were then colled for
Mr. McCtenund reported a to amend an
act carrying Into effect the treaty with Chin i, so
as to exclude Macao and it* dependencies from
the act. The question was taken, and the bill was
Mr. Buel, from the Committee on Foreign Affairs,
reported a bill making indemnity for French spoliations,
&o. Referred to the Committee of the
Whole on the state of the Union.
Mr. Eoyd, from tho Committee on Territories,
reported a bill authorizing the Legislative Assemblies
of Oregon and Minnesota to extend their
annual sessions to thirty days. Passed.
Mr. Bayly, from the Committee of Wavs and
Means, reported the following bills, vi? :
A bill making appropriations out of the revenues
of the Poet Office Department for its support for
the year ending June 30, 1851.
A hill to defray the ourrent and oontingent expenees
of the Indian Department for the year ending
June 30, 1S51. And
A bill to supply deficiencies in the appropriations
for the judicial expenses of the Government
for the year ending June 30,1850.
These bills were committed to the Committee of
the Whole on the state of the Union.
The I louse resolved itself into Committee of the
Whole on the state of the Union, and took up the
bill last mentioned.
After considerable discussion, the Committee
rose, the bill was reported to the House, put
through all its stages and passed, and the House
then adjourned.
Satuhoay, Jiikk 15, 1850.
Mr Inge of Alabama asked that the pending
(|uestion be stated.
The Clerk reported it, when Mr MoClernand
withdrew a formal amendment which he offered
yesterday; and that of Mr. Greene, proposing to j
run the Missouri boundary line to the Pacific, was i
announced as before tbe Committee for their consideration.
M r I nge moved to amend it by adding a proviso,
to the effect, that the people of any portion of the
I erritory, when assembled in convention, in pursuanoe
of constitutional authority, to form a Hta'e
Constitution, hare the right to adopt or exclude
African slavery; and their determination of the
question, either adopting or exoluding African
slavery, shall he no otmtaol* to the admission of
such State into the Union." Ileaaid that the object
of the amendment was to reverse the decision of
the I (ou*e when this suhjeot was last under consideration.
Mr. Winthrop remarked that the question was
the admiwwion of California.
Mr. Van Dyke of New Jersey. Will the gentle- (
man withdraw the amendment ?
Mr. Inge. If you promise to renew it. | A voice j
" la the Home spirit."] I don't care in what spirit
Mr. Van Dyke renewed the amendment; and I ,
then espreened his opinion that because the Con- | ,
ntitutiou of a new Suite recognises slavery or not, i ,
it woe no ground of objection to her admission, if . ,
she cams in all other respects properly. He did i
aol Tor the amendment of the gentlrman
from Kentucky, for the reeson that It grew out of I
the oasumption that California is to be divided.
Mr. Inge. It does not touch that question at all. !
Mr. McClernaod referred to the amendment of i
Mr. Htanton, which was rejected on Thursday, i
He voted for it, because the principle it asserted
was oound, and for a similar reason should vote i
for that now before the Committee, although be
might be inolined to vote against the amendment
of the gentleman from Missouri, if it should be j
thus amended.
Mr. 11ibb?rd suggested an amendment to the I i
proposition of Mr. Inge, ao ai to read?that no '
Htste hereafter applying for admission, which I
hall in other respects he entitled to admission, !
ought to he eicluded hy Congress, for the reason I
that ber Constitution tolerates slavery or not. !
Mr Htanlj aaid the gentleman from Alabama '
had very shrewdly drawn hia amendment, ao at I
that tba Committee, if they sustained it, would in | i
effect declare that California was doing wrong iu i
asking to be admitted ai this time. If they voted <
the gentleman's amendment in, they voted Cali- <
fornia out.
Mr. Bisaell said that he should vote for the <
proposition, because it emlodied the principles on
whieh his constituents stand I
Mr. Butler admitted the right of a state to mj, |
when she presented herself for admission, whether t
she will or not have slavery ; and. ao far as he was i
ooooerned, be wished this to have all the effect he
could give It.
Mr. Root of Ohio said that the amendment
wonld have no effect, bat was advocated as a psaoe- i
offering to the South. Me asked whether this was 1
a place to distribute sugar-cake sod bonbons. The i
oountry wanted peace and <|nist, Ood knows, but
thsji wmM JMt get it by sticking ia this amendnwiy.
fltf *nt for California by itself, and be '
vmN teem wets against an amendment embody,
in* the Buffalo platform I
Hi Mores of Louisiana did not want complimentary
votes. He wasted somethiag subsUn
i. C., JUNE 20, 1850.
tiki. The Union was not worth a carte an long
an a dmtinotion exists between negroes and homes,
and carriages and property He exprenned the
hope that this question will be agitated until the
doughface* and agi'ators shall be crushed, and
until the friends of the South are prepared to
say that there shall be no milk-and-water compromise*
Mr. Schenck of Ohio desired an amendment
to be offered, to the effect that no objection
should be made to the admission of California,
because she has inserted in her Constitution a
clause against slavery
Mr. Seddon of Virginia said, as to the admission
of California, there are many vital objections
to it; the greatest of which ia, that the
Southern States had not a fair chance to participate
iu the settlement ofher institutions.
Mr Toombs of Georgia said, in bis judgment,
the right asked for, involving as it does political
equality, is worth a thousaud such Unions as we
have, evjn if they were each a thousand times
more valuable than this. Deprive us of this
right, he said?appropriate this common property
to yourselves?it is then your Government, not
mine. Then 1 am its memy, and I am willing, if
1 can, to bring up my children and my constituents
to the altar of liberty, and, like Hamilcar,
1 would swear them to eteru&l hostility to your
foul domination. Give us our just rights, and we
are ever ready, as heretofore, to stand by the
Union, every part of it, and its every interest.
Kef use it, and 1 for one will s'rike for independence.
[Several gentlemen cried," Good!" u good!"]
Mr. MchiIv inquired of the gentleman from
Ohio [Mr. Schenck] whether he would vote for
the uiioii-sioa of California, if her Constitution
tolerated slavery.
M r. Schenck repliod, that he had always recognised,
and Joes rooogni.se, the right of the people, |
when they form State Governments, to permit
slavery or not, as they please He wan in favor
of excluding slavery while they were in a Terri- j
U1.UI -n-.li.i-. ?i?i .i ? .. I
.w..... WU...VIVU iui?viurjr un(?"1 neve iree man- ,
tutioiw when they came to legislate for themselves.
Mr Giddiogs said it was time that gentlemen
should vote instead of talk. He and his constituents
were inevitably, unalterably opposed to the
admission of another State with a slave constitution.
Gentlemen who had spoken were willing ;
that a hundred slaves should have as much representation
as sixty freemen. He protested '
against the feeling which puts Northern freemen
on a level with Southern slaves.
Mr. William# of Tennessee said thatthe North
do not desire compromise. They want to run j
through the California bill, snd defeat o'her j
measures They are fighting behind masked h ttteriea.
While distinguished Senators are trying
to settle the agitating questions by compromise,
gentlemen hers are trying to defeat it. He was
willing that the House shall not net on the subject
at present, and would consent that they proceed
to the consideration of the Approbation
T* *? VS|?e*i' \* ?.'US* > M\\ >
adopt n plan to timet the v *ttk* I
ne wotfi'ft tat wiVfiiijt l nc majority pass tue
California bill.
Mr. Casey of Pennsylvania said that he was
in favor of the principle of letting the people of
the Territory decide the quest ion of slavery for
Mr Inge. In its application to all Territories?
Mr. Casey. I have already said, if there had
been a slavery clause in the Constitution of California,
I should have voted for her admission if
there were no other objections If New Mexico
should oomo here with a slavery clause iu her
Constitutiou, 1 should vote for her admission.
Mr. Houston of Delaware said that lie had
listened with infinite pleasure to the geutleman
from Pennsylvania, |Mr. Casey.) He was happy
to find one at least of that noble and gallant State
to justify him in his position on this question before
the Committee, lie was one of the number
who voted for the amendment of the gentleman
from Kentucky , not with a view to embarrass the
bill, but as a great cardinal republican principle,
| on which he would not only risk his political
principles, but his life, and, if necessary, the
Union itself.
Mr. Stevens of Pennsylvania said that he was
purtlcd how to vote. At first he had not much
doubt about it. His colleague I Mr. Casey) had
given way ; and. since he found that Delaware
was going South, he did not know what would be
the consequences of disunion if it should take
place, and Delaware be against the North lie
hoped, however, the gentleman who had just
spoken would retract, and leave it a doubtful
question as to where Delaware will go. He could
not support the amendment of the gentleman
from Alabama. He did not want to hold out the
idea (he wanted to donl frankly, but not often*
sively) to the South, that auy more slave States
will be admitted, for he believed it to be the settled
purpose of the majority of the North that
no more slave States shall be admitted out of territory
now free. ]u It is the voice of the Whigs.'']
Lot it go to the cause of the Whig or Demoor&tic
party, he would ask no better platform. Independently
of morals, there was a political principle
whioh ought to govern the question. When
the Constitution was formed, the slave States
then in the Uuion were allowed to have their
' property represented?five slaves counting as
i three firemen. This was evidently unjust, 1111
| lees you place the horses and carriages, as con|
tended for by the guuileman from Louisiana,
' [Mr. Morse,] on the same footing There was
I nothing >n l?>e Constitution which says that the
privilege shall be extended to future States, lie
understood that his colleague was willing that
five slaves should oount us three of his white conj
Mr. Robinson of IndianA said he was in favor
[ of acting at once, lie had, from the commenceineut,
been iu favor of putting in California, and
settling all those <|ueations one at n time, lie re!
pudiatid the miserable policy of the President,
and believed that any uction was better thau
none, lie had rarely heard it denied, except by
Abolitionists, that the people, when tbey form a
.State Constitution, have a right to prohibit slavery
or not. it is a principle not denied, scarcely,
in lion-slaveholding .States.
Mr. Vinton should vote Against the proposition,
which allirniH that if any Stale admits or
justifies slavery it shall be no objection to her odmission,
for the reason that if there is anything ]
more firmly settled than another in this Government,
it is this. As a Northern man, he would
not vote for it; as a Southern man, he would not.
lie had no doubt aboat it, and therefore would
not vote for it. The proposition requires no legislation;
it was a mere abstraction ; it hurts no
one, and amounts to nothing.
Mr. Casey wished to utter a word in reply to
his colleague, |Mr. Stevens | who said that he
(Mr. C) would give as much representation to
five slaveholders as to three of his own people
The represent*!ion is not of slaveholders^ but negroes
themselves He wanted this to go forth
with what was said by his colleague, namely that
his colleague was elected to Cougress by fourteen
thousand Whigs, who voted for General Taylor,
and yet the gentleman has not yet said one word
in favor of the plan of the President!
Mr. Carter (the amendment of Mr Inge having
pawned first from one, then to another, to enatile
gentlemen to express their view* under the
five-minute rule) obtained the floor, and offered
the name amendment, for the nitrpoee of getting a
vote on it Me withdrew It, however, and
Mr. (j'ormun of Indiana The Wiltnot Proviso
amount* to the tame thing ax the declaration that
there ahull be no more wluve .State* formed ont of
territory now free If you adopt the Wilmot
I'roviao on the people of free territory, you might
*? well *ay they are no longer freemen, but are
manacled by you. tarn gentlemen who indulge in
tuch conduct expect the Union to he held together
) They havo almost torn the foundation from
under it.
The Committee rose. and the Mouse adjourned.
Monday, June 17, 18fi0.
Mr. llayly moved a Himpension of the rule*, to
enable him to offer a resolution making the various
appropriation hill* the order of the day for June
<f 1th. Lost?yea* 114. naye 67?two-third* being
required to mispend the rule*.
The Mouse refused, by a vote of 117 nay* to HI
yea*, to *u*pend the rule* for a resolution to ad
lourn tmtnu: on i Jin or August ne*t.
Ordered, that hereafter the I Iouho meet at eleven
j'clock, A. M.
The Committee on Public Lands wax instructed
to rejwrt n bill granting donations of townships of
lands to the several Stales, for the benefit of institution*
for the blind, the deaf and dumb, and the
A motion to go into Committee of the Whole on
Ihe state of the Union having been made, Mr. Doty
moved to amend by instruction requiring the
Committee to report, unless it rites, the President's
message, and his bill for the admission of
After a question of order had been raised and
distrained, the motion was withdrawn to enable
M r. Went worth to move a suspension of the rules
for the purpose of submitting the instructions proposed
by Mr. Doty. Hut the House refused to
mspend the rules, two-thirds not voting In the
ittirmative. The vote was as follows:
Yka*?Messrs Albertson, Alexander, Allen,
Andrews, Aahmun, Bennett, Bingham, Bissell,
Bokee, Booth, Briggs, Brooks. Huel, Burrows,
Chester Butler, Thomas B. Butler, Cable, Calvin,
Carter, Casey, Chandler, Clark, Cole, Conger,
Corwln, Crowell, Disney, Dixon, Doty, Dunoan,
Dunham, Durkee, N. Evans, Pitch, Fowler, Freedley,
Poller, Otddings, Gllmore, Gorman, Gott,
Gould, Qrinnetl, II alio way, Hampton, Harlan,T.
L. Harris, Hay. lieymona, diehard, Henry, Hlbbard,
Hoagland, Houeton, Howe, Hunter, Wm.
T Jackaon, Julian, D ? King, G O. King, J G.
King, J A. King, Preston King, Loftier, Little
field, Horace M?nn Job Maim. Matteson, McDonald,
McKissock, M<Laiiahan, M MO ban,
Moore. Morris, Nelson, Ogle, Otds, Otw, Peaslee.
Peck, Phoenix, Pitman, Potter, Putnam. Heed,
Kern olds, Richardson, Risley, Rohiuson, Rockwell,
Root. Rom, Kurnsey, jr., 8ackett, Saw telle,
Schermerhorn, Schoolcraft, Silrester, Spalding,
Stanly, Stereos, Stetson, Sweetser, Taylor. James
Thompson, W. Thompson, Tburman. Tuck, lTn
derhill, Van Dyke, Vintou, Walien, Waldo,
Weutworth, White, Whittelsey, Wild rick, Wilmot,
WiUon, Winthrop, an<l Wood?121.
Nays?Messrs. Albion, Ashe, Averett. Ray,
Bayly. Beale, Bocock, Bowdon, Bowie, Bowlin,
Boyd, Albert G. Brown. P.urt, Cabell, George A.
Caldwell, G'lingman, Williamson R W Cobb.
Colcock, Conrad, Daniel, Deberry, Dimmick, Kdniundson,
Kwing. Feathentton. Greeo. Hall, Hain!
II ton, Haralson, I.G Harris, S.W. Harris, Milliard,
'[Hoi lad ay. Howard. Huhltard, Inge. J. W. Jackson,
||A. Johnson, K.W.Johnson, Jones, Kaufman. Kerr,
jlLa Sere, McClertutnd, R. M. McLtne. F. K Mcjl^ean,
McMullen. Mc-CAueen, McWillie, Meade,
| fdiller, Millson, Morehead, Morse, Morton, Orr,
?utlaw Parker, Powell, Kohbin*. jr., Rose, Savage.
5 sddon, Shepperd, P. P. Stanton, It. H. Sumoii,
i epheus, Thomas. Jacob Thompson, Toorubs,
\ enable, Wallace. W itkins. Wellborn. Williams,
\ oodwxrd, and Young?77.
And the House then adjourned.
j in the Senate, Mr. llale's amendment, to prov
de for the division of California, so as to form
t ro or more States hereafter, was withdrawn af?
r having been amended so as to provide mat
the new State or States might be admitted with
or without slavery.
Mr. Davis of Mississippi moved nn amendment,
lookiug to the abrogation of the laws of Mexico,
now in force in the Territories; to which Mr Hale
moved a proviso, excepting those laws relating to
In the House, nothing of importance was done.
To the Kditor of the Xotional Kra:
Sir: On seeing the article in your laat paper
touching tny course on the Senate's bill in relation
to California and the Territories, I at first
intended to correct the more material errors found
iu it. so far as the feeble state of u<y health would
permit, in a few remarks in my place, on the
amendments to the bill then and yet pending hetore
the Senate. This, I was unexpectedly prevented
from doing at the time I desired, and I
uow tiud it too late to finish for publication in
your next number a more extended notice of that
To prevent, however, a wrong impression upon \
?l.? i i j_ ... - ' - '
|.uuin iuiuu, i uettire, without further UoUy,
to-nay briefly through your paper, Upd ??y other
j into which your article iftay ho copieJj.'\hat you
'? '* e*.f
! even advised or suggested. (in conference with
I General Koote or any other person,) the atncudJ
iiient offered liy Governor 1'ralt ami adopted by
I Colonel Davie; in error, (materially affecting the
settee in relation to the present controversy,) in
the extracts frotu my message and letter, purported
to he given in that article ; in error as to the
alleged priority in time of Mr. Owen's letter to
mine, and consequently as to all inferences thence
deduced, and statements thereon made; and in
error as to the motives which induced me to vote
for raising the " Compromise Committee," as it
has l? en termed, and against laying the bill reported
from that Committee upon the table.
I am far from charging you with intentionnl
injustice towards me in this matter, And 1 would
even hope (especially at this distance of time and
space us to some of the points involved) that none
has existed on the part of others, through whotn
you must havo derived your information.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
J a mkm Whitcomb.
Washington City, Juw, 4, 1S.V),
The OAK liiLL establishment, in Hoston, tell" annually
half a million dollars' worth of b'loHiitig. This is probably
morv than Is sold by any other establishment in the
country. This argue* well for the low-price system, which
Is the motto of that establishment.
Impressed with the Importance of united end concerted
action at such a erlfia, the State Central lounuittee of tbe
Free Soil Pertyof th'l* State doom It proper to Invites IMaxi
Convention of the earnest friend* of Freedom and Free Territory.
We therefore appoint such a Convention, to be hoiden
at ll'ulertUU, on Thus *<tuy, June Hlh, at t?u o'clock
A. 1Y1 , to adopt such measures aa may, upon free consult*,
tion and mature adrieeinent, te deemed necessary and
proper for the lurthareuoe and guard of Freedom and Free
Institutions, and to nominate a candidate for (Fovertior of
thie State, to he eupported at our apprueohing State else'
tion. ASA WALKhiR,
SI ill e Central Committee.
ALAKHK assortment, Joel received hy QEORQK W.
TA YLOR, northwest corner of Fifth and Cherry
street*, I'hikuitlphia.
N. H. This establishment Ih devoted to the product* of
oompen*ated labor, and a large variety of Dry lioud* and
txroeeriee are here provided for those who really wieh to he
non-slaveholders. Stb no. hlth?lmo.
< u>\t uniov
THOUtlH oft'U hereditary,It arise* more frequently from
cause* which few uiedisal writers have yet noticed. The
higher cla?*ea are more subject to It than the lower, who
have to labor for their support by exercising their anus, by
which means the viscera of the chest and all the organs of
the stomach are developed. These a'e the regions whe e all
the vital organs are seated. The upper classes, ou the other
hand, generally exercise their lower limbs, wblrh oau never
Ire done hut at the sacrifice and expanse of the upper ex
trsmitiea and chest Alas' consumption and premature
deaths are hot too often the reenlte of their error.
Is the great remedy for CONSUMPTION, anil the i
hi.it medicine known to man for Asthma of every
sinye, ljtver Complaints, Bronchitis, Influenza,
Couyhs, Colds, Hlnilmy of the Lungs, Shortness
of Breath, Pauls uml H'takaess in the Side, Breast,
He, and all other Diseases of the PULMONAR 1'
We would advise our reader* who are laboring under au
affection of the lung* to make lunnnllsle trial of this truly
eaeellsnt medicine The most Intelligent end respectable
families of our city have adopted it aa a favorite family
medicine; and persona predisposed to consumption, who
hate used It, speak In the highest terms of Its * lunacy.
The genuine llalsam is put up io bottles, with the words,
l)r. Wistar'i Hulsam of li'ihl Cherry, I'lulu., blown In the
glass; each bottle bearing a label on tbe front, with the signature
of/f. WIS TA It. M D.
None genuine, unless signed I. Itl'TTS on the wrapper.
I'rice one dollar per bottle ; six Isittlea for Ave dollars
For sal* by K N. PATTKKNON, Washington, lift:., and
Druggists generally, everywhere
l,riTKI.I,M 1,1 VINO AUK.
(X)NTKNTN OF No. :iiu ? Price, twelve and a half
J celite.
I. l.ife and Times of John t 'alvln ? Nottli HrUish Review
i Frances Sargent Osgood ? Tiihune.
it I **t t ice Arnold, (.'bap. 4?ti ? l.wtf x' Companion.
4. Deborah's Diary, I'art?Hhaipe's Mug mini
ft Ncenrs from tbe Life of a Not.Iter ? l*p*-tliter.
(I. Louis Napoleon ; England, France, Russia, slid Ureses;
Prussia and (larioeuy; I 'atbollc Church Ksmpaut ? flzuniinn,
C/n oim le, Timer, Daily New, and Syei tutor
7. Notes npuit Newspapere
Pontn v.?-Imbonre est Orare.
r?l|l?HT nnTII A TT nr rMJIl J (II I cut.
WAftMiMCiT'iN, /larrwiArr27, Itttl.
(if all the I'eriu-lir I Journal* drrolad to litaratnrr and
c I cue a, whlab abound In Kurupc and In tbla country,rbia
baa appaarad to uia lo !.? the muat nautili. It contalna In
dead tha aapoalllon only of tha current lltarafura of tba
Knifllab language ; but tbla, by t>a human-a extant and
eoiaprehaiialon.lneltnUa a i>ortralliira?f tba human mlml la
tba utiuoataxpanalonof tba praaentaifa.
J. y. ADAMK.
Published wackly ,at all dollar* ayaar,by
I or an of Tramout ami Hrornfleld atrarfg,|{o?t?a.
fOrfor aala by JONKPH HHIf.l.l NOTON, corner of
Four and-a half alreet and PrnnayIrani* avonua, Waahliigton.
No. XI.?JlJMK, 18(10,
"CtlilTKI) by Tba.nlura Parker OaTotad to tba Fraa
1 J IliaoiiMlon of inattara pertaining to Philosophy, l.ltcratura,
Politico, Kallfft.ni, and Humanity Tarua, Ihrta
dollara |>?r yaar, In advance.
N?w eobecrlbar*, remitting al? dollara, will ha anppllod
with tba work from tba beginning ta tba clnee of tba (bird
roluue, mow In progreaa,> until tba adttlvu la aabauaud.
Contenti of No. 11.
Tba PoUab Slavonian Pblloaopby.
f.'auaaa of tba Praaant 1'onditiuii of Ira laud.
Tba Induatrla! AiU In Uuaala.
Browning'* Puawa
Hildratb a Hlatory of tba Unltad State*.
Abort Ktvlaw* and Not lose
Pnbllahrd by OOOUWIE k WII.KT. No 30 P*r..u*L!r?
aaraat, Boa ton, and aold at tba Honbaturaa. J una 8? I ml
iPEEfll OP HON. W. H. IKVt'AHl).
H CJPKKI'H of William H. Haward, on tba Admlaaloa of
>5 I ailfornla. Ilallrarad in tha Sewata of tba United
State*, Maiab II, IH0I "
Tbla admirable Npaarh.ln paiapblat form. Vt paffaa, naatly
oorarad, <or ma id par IUI. It ue.U single,) la for aala by? j
HUB LI h RLANUUARU, Prlatera, Washington.
WILLIAM IIANNBD ?l John street. Now Yarlt.
UEORUB W l.lUHT.tICwrabtll Boetun
DERBY, MILLRR, CO, Anburn, haw York
I.Alt 1) OH..
IMPKOVKD LAID OIL.-Laid OH af tba taaitgMUty.
1 anual u aperm for eoaibwattaa, aUa for aanklMvy aid
wool Una, ha lua ?ihifrd without aoida, aaa a J way* ba
purnbaaadand skipped ta nkrinff barrat*, prepared at areas ly
to araraat laadtafw. Ordara raoalaad and aiaaniad for tba
I Aba. AtlaoUa, and Howtbarn atttaa, alao for tba Waatlndta*
lid (jyiidy Apply I#
THOMAS KMKSY, Lard Oil Maaofacturar
Jaa V). H Watar atraat, noar WaUat, Uaalnuatl, O.
rpUK first nnrabar of a weekly Religion# Newspaper,
1 bearing tin- shore title, will he untied in the town of
I Mercer, Pennsylvania, on the flfet Wednesday of Jnlv,
! IVSI, under the editorial rh*rr* .>f Her JUSHl'U f'OMDON
assisted by Kev JO US II AXKl\, t orrespouding
| KJitvr.
Thie paper ii established u the t rgau of the f'? Pf!
bylrr un f'Kurtk in the l.'nlfel Mate*. hie of it* fomi
nelit objects, therefore, will be to explain anil defend 'he
I position of thie Church on those poiute which distinguish
It from o'her branebee 01 the I'resbyterian family. The
! Free Church having withdrawn Christian fellowahip from
t th .?e guilty of the practice or advocacy of ulaveholding,
ami requiring it* voting member* to honor the liirine in
; etitutl.in of Civil (love mm cut, by refuaing to raat their
j ballot for men whuae character I* condemned in the Bible,
the luaper will vindicate the action of the Church on the**
' point a. Avoiding everything merely iucal and partisan in
polities, It will rvmark freely on pnt.llc men and laeaeurer,
and urge the duty of Christian constats Dry in political a*
I weti a? acelexiavtical relation*.
It i* the glory of Christianity, that it i? a remedy (UVised
by Infinite wisdom and suodoes* for all tbe evils, moral,
octal, and p.litical, that puree the world. Rut ita value,
like that of other remedies, dnpent* upon Ita oppltmUoH to
the disease The time* ate propitious for the establish
tnent of a religi. u* journal that rhall illustrate this SeiUi.
ment, sn l thua fairly represent the religion of th? Lord
Joints Christ a* atcrnally hostile to ever>thiug that rob*
tlod of hi" glorj, or man of hia right* Such a religion, it
is deemed, thu* rmaiipi|iated from all thraldom, would take
the weapon* from the hand* of infidelity, ami tlesustenance
from it* li|u?; lor tbe Infidelity of this day and eutiu
try feed* and stren/t ien* ou the glaring ineonaiatency f
the professing Church with tbe niorality of the New Testamenc
While it* theological sentiment* will he in barinony with
the standard* of tho I hurrh, the Free Pre?bytertan will be
no proselyting sectarian Incapable of wishing well to other
departments of tbe reforming Church; but believing that
the Church of Uod I* one in real unity, and shoobl be one in
visible unity, it will co opeiate in every a-riptural vfiorr to
lower down denominational distinction*, ai d nrouote mi.
tual lore and cotifllence among ail the real follower* of
Hue attention will he paid to the current newt and litee*tnre
of the day, and the conductors will aim to m*h- the
paper netful to the TuwaWy, the C/trutum, and the Ca>
It will he printed in good style, en aa extra imperial
aheet, at two dollare per annum. invariably in advance.
All businenn communications will he addressed to
May 30. Mirrcer, Mtrctr Co , Pa.
OWINU to the late revolution* ami eonnter revolution*
among the nation* of Kurupe, which hare followed each
other in eueh quick anoeeaeion, and of which ' Uu trul it uot
yrf," the leading |?ri<<dicale of Britain have become invested
with a decree ot intereet hitherto unknown. Thev occupy a
middle ground between the haaty, die jointed, and nece? warily
iiuiierfect record* of the newspaper*, an I the elaborate
and |x>nderou* treat wee to lie furnishtd hy the hiet rian at
a future day. The AiKerica^ooihliehers, therefore, deem It
proper to call renewed atti rnMb to these periodicals, and the
very low pride* at which they are offered to euhecriloirs I h?
following ie their lint, vli:
Tl I f WL'hlTMIV tfT L' LI OL'UI L? U/ . I
m no ?r r.u i iTiuio i ou i\ w v i r? it . IUHI
lu theee i?rii?lic?l? are contained thevlrwa, m.?leratrlv
though flmlT e?pr?>*e<l, of (ho three great part tee in hug
Ian I - Tory, W hlg.anl Mad leal " Hlarkwomt" and the ' London
Quarterly " are Tory, the " hdiul.urgh Kevitw " W hig,
UkI the " * aaUalnalar Itallal" UI?r>J. Tin "North
, WTitUh, ?' n"bwa I* -?aa ((a eefeh.'tnhrDtnt to lla* !****,* * t w
ei-clenlanMoal tn. ven ?i| In Scotland an.I lo ?.>< ultra In >'
a J a , I < A - /
ledge; It *aa originally edited by I'r Ibalmer*, an J now.
Ino* bl* death, la OomHarta.l by Me Nu-li lao, l)r Hani.*,
anenciated th Kir l>avtd Hreweter. I la lllarary rharar
ter la of lb* vary htirbrit order
, The " Woaiwlnatar," though renrintnt under thai title
only, la published In Kitgland under the title < f th*"ForI
elgn Quarterly and Weetuiluntrr " it being lo fart a union
I of tba two Kertewa formerly published and rrprtutad under
I separate title*. It baa therefore th* atvantagr, by thin c.m.btuatlon.ot
uuitlng in on* work tbr beat features of both, aa
heretofore issued.
The above IVrbnlioalaar* r?tirttif?d In New York Imiucdlatrly
mi their arrlv al by the tlritish ntiainera, ill a beautiful
altwt type, on biw wbit* |.?,?r and ar* fatthfnl ropl, t of Iba
originals? HUu-.kwooJ't Afuguvin* lieing an naet facsimile
of tli* Kdlnburgh edition.
For any one of the four Her lew*, ft.'t fal per annum
For any two of the Keviewa, 6 (*> do.
For any three of the Keriewa, 7.1*1 do.
For alt four of the Kerlrwe, Kim do
For Hlackwood a Magaaine. Sill do
For Blackwood and three ttrviewo, M ml do
For Blackwood and the four Kertewe 1000 do.
Faynient* to lie made In all ranee In adeanee.
Four oopla* of any or all of the above workn will be aeDt I*
one address, on payment of the regular lubaariplion forthree,
the fourth oopy being gratia.
Kiiulttanoea and sommunleatluna ahould be alwaya addreaned,
poet paid or franked. to the publlahern,
Mar HI. 79 Fulton nt., New York, entranceM Hold nt.
In IJuurt Bottles.
purifying the blood, end for the cure of .SVte/Wo,
1 Rheumatism, Stubborn I' cars, Dyspejisw. Salt Rheum,
FY ret Son i, Krysijielas, l'tmplts, nilt?, Mercvrusl tin
run, Cutaneaui K'tvptions, l.trer f'o>n;d?ia/, ttronrhAis,
Consumption, female Complaints, Loss of Ap/tetUe, Umrt
ul Debility, ft.
aboiiiuliug ae tbey do with ample testimonial! to the ra'ue
and eltlna>'y of different medicinal agent* auaroely fnrriieh a
parallel with the renulte recorded from a multitude of living
witneane* to the great worth of SAXD8' SARSAl'ARILLA
The remarkable ouree of a great variety of dlneane*.
effected hjr If* tlinrlyadmlnlKtreliou. furniah flonrluatve ettdeucc
of tbl* fact, and Ilia elperieuoe of fourteen yrar* ha*
Won fur It a daaervud popularity that uo oihar preparation
erer attained. Ita extennlve u*e throughout the world,and
the nnmeroua unaotioitad taatimuiiiala recalred hy the proprialora,
aland a* beacon* and landmark! to the differing
and diauaaa I, holding forth tha Inciting language of (nooiir
agdnent?<lo nut deapalr. Tbouaaud* and teu? of thou
Hud* who differed without hope, groaning day and nlghl
undar p*lu and anguiab, beyond the powar of language (o
miliary, hare uot only hern rellered. but permanrotlr cured
It he* hemi approred by the medical faculty, Introdu-ed and
(itenairely u*ed in hoapitala, under thr watchful eye of
ptiyrtrtane, with the hep pteet re*nir* The prrpantirri hn in*
entirely regetahle,randerittaadminlatratlou aafa to the
uioat enfeebled frame
I'he following tentimonUI* are eelecteil from among the
multitude of thoae we are dally remdrlng; and for further
confirmation, the reader te referred to the family Keoipe
and Medical Almauac, furni?bed gratuitonely by all our
A7u> York, July VT, 1840.
(InNri.lMBN: Word* nan but feebly ex pre** my feeling
In coureylng the pleaaing Intelligence that my wife le featured
to perfect health by the uie of your luralutble Sar
aaparilla She wae afflicted with a eerere ouleneuu* diaeaae,
that norereil tha whole aurface of tha l> dr, eo that It would
bare been lmi>oe*lble to touch any pari that w?* free from
the humor the head. face ami bands, ware covered with
m ales like those of llsli; the hair Ml out In large i|usniltie*;
and walktnipoaused the most excruciating agonies as
It affected the Joints mora than any other part Mir sutler
1 alio a lour time from an affeettou of the llrer, connected
with general debility, ami a prostration of the nsrvou* t;itern
t'hysictans, both In Europe ami America, had exhaoeteil
'he iiaual remedlea, without effecting a cure, or scarcely
affi.nlIn* relief, ami the beat inatloal skill waa unavailing,
until ahe happily need your Karsaparilla. The dlaeaaa was
pronounced salt thtuiii. but her whole ayatein, Intaruaily a
and externally, was allo||?ther deranged; hut ao complete 1
has been the nure, after using the Sxraaparilla for aix I
weeks. aod taking In all leas than onedoaeri bottles, that ahe \
now enjoys better health than for yeara previous to taking \
the SareapertHa. %
My ohjeot In making til la communication la, that all who
hare auffered an ahe baa may know wbare ami to whom to
apply for rellaf. (ami that not In rata,) aa a noiuplate cure
will be the reeult.
My wife ntiltee with me In heartfelt thanks; ami believe
me, gMiitlemeii, youra, sincerely,
Minn. A H 4' D. Htirult
N. U. Kor a oorroliora'loii of thesa facta, apply to Mr II
McL'uue,at Messrs. lioweu A McNaince** store, 10 William
fily utul founty of ATrt/i York, it
kerrier Naxer, being duly eworn, doth depose and iay that
the foregoing elateineut, to which be baa subscribed Ms
name le true and accurate, to the beatot bla knowledge ami
Sworn and subscribe,!, this 77th day of July, DMU, before
me, C. S WOODHULI., Mayot.
New tturhum, N J , June Jfl, 1849.
Urnti.kmkn : My wile auffered with a distress and burning
in her cheat l>.r many years, ai.d my daughter waa af
Dieted from her birth with a humor In ber blood We ounaulted
various phyiieleca and tried numerous remedies
without lunch heurlU, until we heard, through Key. I teniae
Davis, if the great medicinal value of Sands' Karsaparllla
tin his reeoiaiieMlati .ii, my wife and daughter decided on
trying it, and eooti esperleucsd permaneut benefit My
daughter's akin aseuiur.l a new appaarauoa entirely ; from
i >....i ....i i. i> i.... ... .
My wife ? inff-rliiK" are aliooat Kuiic, and |l? nee a ebort
time longer, It I* my firm belief, Will produce a perfect cure
Youre, With revpcrt, (i.M IIKN UK U K SI IN ,
I'tirlw <tfth? Hftirt r 7m rrh at the
Meeeia Sands JJoghiA Ntighbei homl
Hauhlortu, Kij., July Hi, 164ft.
OuNTI.KMMM : It It mv duty to communicate fart* iu r-la
l|' n tn the lonefirial ebecte of your hur?u|>*rilla My alio
wax afltii'tni with inlUiniiiuttoD and Boronee* of the etoiuarh
of th? wofet character; her Umbo an 1 chert war* much
rwollen, ah? had doiuitaut lieaduetie, anil laat epriug wee at
tacked aevtrely With InfleinmeliWy rheunialUui. The licet
medic*] aid wo con IJ obtain afforded only muinentarr relief,
ami while iu title ?ltuefh>o1 ..he heard of the many remarkahle
t'urea effected by the uae of Hand*' Kareapartlle, and
ooiuuteuei-d III una, whin h prod i ced In a taut relief aid Uaa
than ale hottlee entirely removed all the dropetcal cwelltng
and other Inltainuiatory eytnptonie, neforirig her to perfect
I atnd thla itetiment a- an *et of Juitlre, bettering It to
he my duty to encourage the (offering portion of the human
rami I v to iiae Nan l#? Karaaparllla, which I hellere hae Iw
liarallel In the catalogue of medicine.
With feeling* of heating gratitude. I remain your friend,
Meiiri. Ntituli.
Itailun, Man., Augvit 81, 1949.
GaHTl.BMaN: l.nat apring I wae attached with rhenma
tleio la the lower part of my hody, attending down to my
feet; end en aeeereiy wa? I affected that I eon id not eUi.d
or more myeelf I tried all the different medlclnea miter
tlee l fir thla dlaeaee, among whleh ware aeveral kli.de of
tiareaparilla. hut none of them did me any good, and I (ate
op all hope of beiug cured, when a friend advlaed m< to try
Salute' Nereapartlla. I coneentad, not enroling It would
cure me, hut a'ter uaing twelve botttea I have the hap) I
note of e'ating to you that the pain hae left me. i can wa<k
without any aaoletanev, and I am gaining in atrtngtb every
day, whleh I have no deukt le owing entirely to the uae of
your Maraaparllla. I aend you thla voluntary certiorate,
that the afflicted may know what medicine to uae to alleviate
their auSciiuge and effect a cure.
Youre, very truly, JOHN KANVAKD,
31 ('/lumber i if
Mturi. A. ft. 4 D SumIi.
Marwaibo, I'mrtue/u, A/til 12, 1619.
Obwti.bm BR : I eonaider It a duty due the public to make
known tbe great benefit I have received from uelng your
valuable Kareaparilla About thrve yeara aincmi wae attnjikBil
milk vkouiualUrti In mv uhAaiUdM. ftful iliu ill HIT
Itfl; and ao hnn >u tba pain, that I ?u una Ma to dMp.
I triad all of i bo I aat laadtofn.a I oould banr of, without r?
a?irlii| aoy bancfli, uatil through tba adrlna of a flrtand I
Cearad aouia af your Saraaparllla; and aftor oalng four
ilaa. lu tba couraa of flftaau dayi, I found uijialf antlraljr
wall. I haft no haattetloa la aaylag your Barrmfiarlllu la
tba baat Bad I at a a I am took, and aaa aonBdautly runommaud
it to my frtendr and tba publtfl.
Your obadlaul aarraat, J. M. JBSUHIJW.
Mutt). Sumdi.
Praparad and aold, wbolaaala and ratall, by A. fi { It.
BANDB, Urngatau and b baatiata, UW Kultoa alraat.aonwr
af William, Maw York. Bold alao by?
( barloa Btott k Co and K B. rattaraaa, Waabiiigtou,
Caaby * Hartlatt, Baltlmora. V Brawn, Phtladalpbla
Oaorca liaatar, Albany. Cha. Nlanatraat. Truy.
Math W hoar la, Boataa K B Hlaman, Clnalunati
J . B Wlldar It Co., Loalrrtlia May 1?ao3ui

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