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HvO. 187.
THE COMPROMISE BILL.
Tuesday in the Senate waa a great day. Vote?
were given, then, which, if we mistake not, will
teal the political fete of cot a few member* from
the North.
The questiou (ending waa the amendment of
Mr. Bradbury, providing a Board of Commissioner*
to settle the controversy respecting the Texan
boundary.
Mr. Dawson, of C^nuia, moved & proviso, restricting
the Governi^P: to be framed by the bill
for New Mexico, to the territory west of the Rio
Grande. This amendment was agreed on previously
in caucus by the friends of the bill, and it was
riecesaary in order to secure the votes of the
Texan Senators. Recollect, a main object of the
bill was, to provide territorial Government for
New Mexioo, and one of the principal arguments
in favor of it was, that it would prevent New
Mexico irom being absorbed by Tex as, or prevent
a bloody collision between the United States and
Texas, should the former attempt to resist the
claim of the latter. Now, the amendment of Mr.
Dawson proposed to restrict the Territorial Government
to fhe oountry wtst of the Rio Grande,
and to leave without Government, open to the
claim of Texas, to absorption by Texas, or to
the chances of a bloody conflict between the United
blates aim * ,
continue in possession of New Mexico, all east of ;
the Rio Grande?tb&t is, the real New Mexico, the
New Mexico which is inhabited and needs Government
For the part of it on the west side is
a mere ribbon of territory, with no population at
all. In other words, the amendment of Dawson
whs a proposition to give up everything to Texas,
which Texas had claimed.
We have great faith in the capacity of Northern
men to bear Southern exactions, but really
we did not think it possible that this infamous
amendment could find many supporters among
them. We were disappointed. The question was
taken, and Dawson's amendment was adopted?30
to 28!?Cooper, Dickinson, Douge of Iowa,
Jones, Phelts of Vermont, voting for it, Cass
dodging. Mr. Phelps owes his constituents an
explanation of his vote. Had he voted nay, the
abominable proviso would have been lost.
Next came the vote ou Bradbury's amendment
as amended, and it was adopted?yeas 30, nays '
?Hf?' - .? ?I)nnn? i
of Iowa. Douglas, Felch, Jones, Norris, 8hields,
Sturgeon, Walker, Whitcomb, voting for it.
General Shields voted niy at first, but changed
his vote to the affirmative, and so pasted the 1
amendment.
Will the editor of the New York Tribune please !
inform us how the bill, as it now stands, will save
New Mexico from being throttled by Texas?
from being absorbed, swallowed up by Texas 7
The bill, we presume, will pass the Senate, but
will it go through the House 7 We shall try
to be on hand to mark the Northern men that
shall put through such a bill?a bill abandoning
New Mexioo to the tender mercies of Texas.
Before the votes were taken on these amendments,
Mr. Walker of Wisconsin moved to lay j
the whole kill and amendments on the table. The
vote on this motion stood?
Yeas S Southern Nays 20 Southern
41 17 Northern 41 12 Northern
25 32
We hive constantly admonished our friends
that we could not trust to the opposition of all the
Southern members who made war on the bill?
and sure enough, Messrs. King, Berrien, Clemens,
Sebastian, and Morton, put down as opposed
to the bill, voted nay on the motion to lay on the
taSla. The complexion of the vote shows the
complexion of the measure.
CORRESPONDENCE OP THE ERA.
*TATI*TKS OF < HOLER A IN CINCINNATI.
Cincinnati, July 24, 1850.
To the Editor of the National Era ;
The cholera h is been prevailing among us as
an epidemic, to a considerable extent, for nearly
a month, as had been anticipated by many quali- I
fied to form an opinion, judging from its return ,
the two summers next succeeding its first appear- j
aDce in 1832, and the signs of its preeenoe in various
parts of the West, for some months past, i
Yet though it is here, carrying off some of our
population every day, the most inoorroct and exaggerated
reports have gone abroad as to the ex- |
tent of its ravages, through the country papers
and the telegraphic despatches to the Easteru
journ??s An idea has been received and propagated
through the interior, that Cincinnati has
been almost prostrated by the breath of the
pestilence, and thousands have thus been kept
front visiting ua for pleasure or trade. Our hotels
and business places show the effects of this panic.
The extreme hot weather we have had the present
month, the absence of the farmers, who arc
busy with harvesting, and of many of our citi- !
reus who go abroad at this season for health or
recreation, the sickness which does exist, and the
exaggerated rumors which have gone out?all
contribute to make tbe city dull; though it cannot
compare in this respect with the melancholy
stillness which reigned through our streets in
the memorable days of July, 1849
For the information of those at a distance from
us, it may be well to give a statement of the
actual mortality of the city for three weeks past
The Board of Health made their first bulletin on
the 1st of July, and the same week the new
ordinance making provisions for regular reports
from sextons and undertakers, the resulte to be
published in a table weekly by the city clerk,
went into operation. Statistics of this kind, showing
the weekly mortality, the age of the deceased,
disease, nativity, &c., have long been made up
with accuracy in the Eastern cities hnt K??e nnt
heretofore been oollected in this place. From
there reports for three weeks, closing July 20th,
corroborated and corrected by the daily bulletins
of the Board of Health, I find the deaths to hare
l>een as follows
l Week closing July 6. Cholera - 180
h Other diseases 71? 261
I Ditto 19 Cholera - 206
! Other diseases 216? 422
Onto 20. Cholera - 18.">
Other diseases 233? 418
Total - - - 1,101
The report for the first week was rery Itnper eet,
and no doubt below the truth, at least in raK
T'l to the number at deaths from other diseases
| 'h?u cholera. As the matter becomes systematized,
and the prorisions of the law known, we
"hall hare reports as reliable as those of any
(her city. I find that of the deaths in the shore
table, somewhat less than one-half (about 4-10thr)
were of persons born in foreign countries
The mortality in our city for the corresponding
three weeks in July, 1848, was?
Week ending July 9th - 1022
n? * ?
. juty 16th - 950
Do July 2.'f J - 512
Total . . . 2,484
which wriy one can oee at a glance, in more than i
double the mortality of the preoont eeeson
.Since the weekly report of the 20th, the death*
hare been?
Cholera. Otbar (Hmom*.
j Sunday, July 21at - 26 25
Monday, July 22d - - 2H S3
Tueeday, July 23d - - 24 25
The epidemic i* gradually aubciding and dur)og
the ooming month will doubtleee. u in laat
year, leave ua.
The cenaoa la now being taken, at a very un- I
fortunate time for our city. At no other time in
he year are there so many of our citixena uaually
ept and owing to the large number who have
-ft in the last two montha for health and reerea
'">n, and from fear of eieknees, who will return
">'h the revival of health and bnsiaeee In the
our population will appear in the returna
from io 000 t? 20,000 lean than U ought to be.
The aolemnitiee to be obaerved on aneount of
"? death of Preeideat Taylor have been poet1
'-nrd until the A ret Thursday in Auguet. It ia
not deaigaed to have a formal and laaposing pro
p?aaton, ae haa been neaai en each aaaenone,
l?era are, instead, to be eerrtaae in the vnriene
rhurchee in the meming, and in the evening, at
WmUy Che pel, an oration by John L. Miner,
*"-*1, an original ada by WlttUm D. Qallaghar.
to original hymn, and ether appropriato asarolaaa
1 ha balU of tha otty to bo tolled, and all plaean
cf buainem and pabUe institutions to be oleeed
T]
It is thought by some that an earlier day ought <
to hare been fixed upon for thcee solemnities, be- 1
fore the first gush of sorrow end sympathy had (
..... Knt under all thecircum- 1
um** uuiv ?v u.? , ?
stances?the hmt of the weather and the state of {
the health of the city considered?I cannot but
think that the committee having the matter in I
charge acted wisely. The mode of the celebration ]
and its imprcssivoneesand profit to all who partici- {
pate in it, will, no doubt, be more in keeping with i
the sentiments of a republican and Christian <
people, than the most costly and gorgeous funeral
pageant. Yours, p.
CONGRESS.
THIRTY-FIRST CONGRESS-FIRST SESSION.
aenatk.
Wkunibiiat, July 24, lboo.
The Seu?te resumed the consideration of the
bill of the Committee of Thirteen.
Mr Foote withdrew his amendment for the
pre-ent.
Mr. Bradbury eubmitted the following amendment
:
"That the President of the United States be
and he is he hereby authoriied, by and with the
advice and oonsent of the Senate, to appoint three
commissioners, who shall have power to agree
with such commissioners ae may be appointed under
the legislative authority of the State of Texas,
upon a line of boundary between the territory
?>-? "*. -' ?- ? *'
. 111. )A>iu. .u. titer is
intersected by the 100th degree of west longitude,
being the southwest angle of the Indian Territory,
and running to a point on the Rio Grande, to
be agreed upon by the said commissioners; and
also to agree upon the terms, conditions, and considerations,
upon which such line shall be established
; and the proceedings and agreements of
the said commissioners shall be, as soon as possible,
transmitted to the President of the United
States, to be by him submitted to Congress, with
such recommendations as the circumstances, in
his opinion, may require, for the approval and
action of Congress thereupon ; and the said agreement.
when approved by the Congress of the
United States and the Legislature of the State of
Texas, shall be obligatory upon the parties."
Mr. Rusk moved to amend the amendment by
striking out all after the first word " that," and insert
" the boundary of the S'ate of Texas is hereby
admitted to extend to the Rio Grande, as defined
in the statute of limits of the late Republic
of Texas, passed in the year eighteen hundred
and thirty-six."
The question was taken, anil Mr. kusk a amendment
was rejected, as follows .
Yeas?Messrs Atchison, Barnwell, Berrien,
0_.t. ? MlssiSHinni I taw-or
Foote, HoustonTTlunter, King, Mason, Morton,
Rusk, Sebastian, Soul<*, Turney, and Yulee?
18.
Nays?Messrs. Badger. Baldwin, Bell, J'.radhury,
Hrtgnl, Cass, Gnaw", Ctarke, Clay, Cooper,
Davis of Massachusetts. Dayton, Dickinson,
Dodge of Wisconsin, Dodge of Iowa, Felch,
Greene, Hamlin. Jones, Mangum, Miller, Norris,
Pearce, Pratt, Seward, Shields, Smith, Snruance,
Sturgeon, Underwood, Upham Wales, Walker,
and Whitcomb?d4
Mr. iifle moved to amend the amendment
A general debate arose, in which Messrs. Rusk,
Butler, Dayton, Berrien, and Hale, participated.
Mr. Benton said that sinee the present subject
had been before the Senate ^the sun had crossed
the* equator, leaving Capricorn behind, and approached
cancer. It was now ou its way back
from cancer to the equator, and will be back to
caprioorn before we are done, at the rate at which
we have been progressing That is what the sun
bos done, sir. I Ie has come forward, and he is
now on the back track. And we are also retro
grading, sir, and, at this speed, we shall not only
retrograde to Capricorn, but to Cape Horn. The
proposition now was to strike from the bill all
that part of it relating to Texas; so far the motion
was right and proper. But it proposed to insert
in it that which was a nullity, or something
worse.
On the 29th of January, a resolution was introduced
in the Senate, declaring that it was the
duty of Congress to lix the western boundary of
Texas, up to the southern boundary of New Mexioo,
taking no part of New Mexico, &c. This
was the starting noint on this subject It was
then proposed to t&kea greater part of New Mexico
; to take over 70.000 square miles of New
Mexico, and add it to Texas. This was going fhr
enough from the starting point. It was now proposed
that the whole of New Mexico should be
given to Texas. This was retrograding a little
faster than the sun.
He pointed out the difficulties arising from the
amendment to any eeUhjnent of the question.
The commissioners to 1 e appointed on the part of
Texas woold be men who would be required and
demanded by their State, and who would insist
on a line running to the highest waters tlowing
into the Rio Graude. This they would insist
upon poeitively. How were the others to be selected
7 Were they to be chosen with a view to
their opinions on the subject,*or were they to be
choseu as men who have no opinions on the subject?
He contended the difficulty of settling the
subject would be no ways avoided by this
mode. It would break out again when the President
appointed, and the Senate were called upon
to confirm, the commissioners. Their confirmation
would depend upon the result of inqairy as
to their sentiments on the subject.
He said that it would appear, from the fact that
the amendment was considerably entertained,
that the Oinnibua bill?its soul and its life, this
Texas boundary question?was gone. The bill
was dead. This combination of measures was
justified on the ground of settling this Texas
boundary ; and that being now a failure, the bill
was dead. First, we had the prescription of thirteen
doctors, and that being a failure, we were
now called upon to go into the commission business
The commission business was one which a
man generally took up after having failed in
others, and when he had neither credit nor capital
of his own to proceed upon.
The amendment proposes that these commissioners
shall run a line commencing at the point
where the Red river is interseoted by the one
hundredth degree of west longitude. Where was
the line to be run 7 To a point on the Rio
Grande to be agreed upon by the oommisaionere.
Where would that point be 7 It may be at the
mouth, or at the head of the Rio Grande. Tbey
may run a linn, for no chart or guide is laid down
for their government, which will absorb all New
Mexico, and throw her into the jaws of Texas.
Texas may be allowed to swallow all of New
Mexico, not only the feet and legs, but the body,
the arms, and the head?just as the boa constrictor
swallows the ox, not leaving oven the horns.
Mr Bradbury of Maine said that he whs in no
wsy responsible for the union of California with
other measures, or for the joining of any of them,
lie did not agree, however, that any greater progress
would have been made had they been kept
separately. Nor was he responsible in any way
for the great consumption of time. He had proposed
no amendments but this one, and hsd made
but few speeches.
It was not at all probable, if this amendment
were adopted, that the commiasionera would run
u line to the month of the Rio Grande, nor was it
probable that Texaa would assent to it. Neither
did he think that there was any prospect that
any absurd line, jeoparding the interests of the
United States, would be agreed upon hy the commissioners,
or receive the sanction of Congress.
After some further discussion, the .Senate adjourned.
THt'xsdav, July 2.'?, I8f?0.
The Senate resumed the consideration of the
Oinnibns bill.
Mr. Hale modified his amendment, so nt to
-~-'t II i.,l Ika i-lohla Kntli nf llin I I fill ml HtktM
and of Texas to the territory in dispute shall remain
the same as t hey were at the date of the exchange
of the ratification of the treaty of Gaudv
lupe Hidalgo, and neither party shall lie prejudiced
by anything which has subsequently occurred,
nor shall either party take any further
stepa tic reduce those rights to possession until
after said commissioners shall have been appointed,
and the duties devolved upon thrm by this
act shall have haen executed and performed, and
t'ongrees and Texas shall have acted definitely
thereon."
The question was taken on this amendment,
with the following result:
Vka*?Messrs Badger. Baldwin, Benton, Berrien,
Bradbury, Clarke, Cooper, Davie of Mama- I
chuaetts. Dodge of Wisconsin, Douglas, Hreone
llnle, Hamlin, Miliar, Norrle, I'earoe, Newerd,
Shields Hpruanoe, Underwood, llpham, Wales,
tnd Walker?n
N*re?Masses Atchison, Barnwell, Bright, i
Butler, Case, Ctny, Davis of Mississippi. Dawson, i
Dsyton. Dickinson, Dodgsof Iowa. Down*. Ketch, I
Poote, Houston, Hunter. Jonse, King, Mangum.
Mas<>n, Morton, i'helpa, I'roM, Musk, MebnslUn, i
8ool?, Hturgeon, Turney, Whltoumn. and Yn (
las?10
Oa motion of Mr Bradbury, lbs Mlewtng I
amendment to hie amendment was adopted
"And the proceedings and ngtrsemsnt of the I
aid oommlsalonare shall >*, as early as practice I
hla, tranamlUed to tha President nf the Waited I
Sutae, ? bo hy him nnbmKted t? Wnrwress fW Be i
action thereupon " I
And the nmendmsal was agreed to
Mr Beaton moved ta add To the amendment aa I
amended, tha fallowing pravlsiaa
Presided, That la agreeing up** eatd hawnda I
ry Una between the territney of the Wnlted (Bates I <
and tha mid Mute mi Tesas the -eld .- mmlaatsn j I
ere ehall agree upon ne line whleh dom net ei \
IE NATIONAL EIU
:lude crery portion of New Mexico, whether
ying on the east or the weet tide of the Rio
Irande, from Teiu, and which they do not beieve
to be the true and legitimate boundary between
New Mexico and Texas.
Mr. Baldwin, in a very able speech, supported
h? amendment of the Senator from Missouri.
He examined the whole subject of the respective
litles of Texas and New Mexic>, end maintained
that Texas had no lawful right to the territory in
iispute.
After a tedious discussion by several Senators.
Mr. Clarke moved that the Senate adjourn
Mr. uiay uhn me yeas ana naye on me motion,
and they were ordered.
And the question being taken, resulted in the
oeg-vtire, as follows:
Yeas?Messrs Baldwin. Barnwell, Bell, BenIon,
Berrien, Butler, Chase. Clarke, Daris of
Massachusetts, Daris of Mississippi, Dayton,
Dodge of Wisoonsin, Greene, Hale, Hamlin,
Hunter. Mason, Miller, Morton, Phelps,Seward,
Soul?, Turney, Upbsm, and Yulee?25.
Nays?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bradbury,
Rrigbt, Cass, Clay. Cooper. Dawson, Dickinson,
Dodge of Iowa, Douglas, Downs. Felch, Foote,
Houston, Jones, King. Mangum, Norris, Pearce,
Pratt, Rusk. Sebastian. Shields. Smith, Spruance,
Sturgeon. Underwood, Wales, Walker, and
Whitoomb?51.
The question was then taken on the amendment
proposed by Mr. Benton, and it was rejected,
as follows:
Yeas?Messrs. Baldwin, Benton, Chase,
? JPk ? * ?-? A .. , ?
.. unwo, n?ie, nsmun, Mtffer,
Phelps, Seward, Smith, Upham, and Walker?
16.
Nays?Messrs Atchison, Badger, Barrwell,
Bell, Berrien, Bradbury, Bright, Butler, Clay,
Cooper, Daris of Mississippi, Dawson. Dickinson,
Dodge of Iowa, Douglas Downs, Felch, Foote,
Houston, Hunter, Jones, Kiug, Mangum, Mason,
Morton, Norris, Pearce, Pratt, Rusk, Shields.
Soulf', Spruanoe, Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood,
Wales, Whitcomh, and Yulae?.'18.
Mr. Benton mored an amendment, but withdrew
it to allow Mr. Mason of Virginia to offer
an amendment of similar character.
The amendment was read, and was as follows .
strikeout mi of the amendment or Mr. Kraaoury,
lifter the word "Tex**.'' where it first occurs,
snd insert, "upon the western boundary of the
State of Texas, as it was when she was admitted
as n State into the Union "
Mr. Mason supported his amendment in a
speech.
Mr. Turney moved an adjournment.
Mr. Clay called for the yeas and nays, and the
motion to adjourn was lost?yeas 126, nays 126.
Mr. Mason so modified bis amendment, as to
designate the " western and northern boundaries."
Alter some discussion, Mr. Davis si Moaaacaurile
apparent intention of the
majority to force a vote upon the bill ; and to the
faot, that this being a great measure of compromise
and hartnooy, it should not he pressed to a
votti wnV\e(iwo States wfcr*"l>ut half represented
on the floor The vacancies from those States
would be filled iu a few days, and then a fair vote
could be had
A motion to adjourn, made by Mr. Yulee, was
rejected?yens 25, nays 27.
Mr Mason modified his amendment so as that
the words to be inserted would read, "to run the
western and northern boundaries of the State of
Texas."
And the question being taken, the amendment
was rejected, as follows:
Ykas?Messrs. Baldwin, Barnwell, Benton,
Butler, Chase, Clarke, Davis of Massachusetts,
Davis of Mississippi, Dayton, Dodge of Wisconsin,
Greene, Hale, Ilamlin, Hunter, Mason, Miller,
Morton, Sebastian, Seward, Smith, Soul?,
Turney, Upham, Walker, and Yulee?25
Navs?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Berrien,
Bradbury, Bright, Cass, Clay, Cooper, Dawson,
Diokinson, Dodge of Iowa, Douglas, Downs,
Frlch, Foote, Houston, Jones, King, Mangum,
Norris, Pearce, Pratt, Rnsk, Shields, Spruance,
Sturgeon, Underwood, Wales, and Wbitoomb?20.
Mr. Rusk proposed to add to the amendment,
that the said State of Texas is herehy declared
entitled to all the rights ahe had in and to the
territory east of the Rio Grande, which she had
or which she may have had at any time, since the
ratincanon or me ireaiy 01 vjruauaiupe muaigo.
Mr. Benton spoke of this bill being a compromise.
a measure of peace, a measure to restore paternal
feelings throughout the country. It appeared
as if it was to be a forced measure; n measure
to force people to lore and embrace one
another. A species of forced generosity.
Mr. Turney moved that the Senate adjourn.
Mr. Clay called for the yeas and nays, and the
motion was decided in the affirmative, as follows
Yeas?Messrs. Baldwin, Barnwell, Benton,
Berrien, Butler, Chase, Clarke, Clemens, Davis
of Massachusetts, Davis of Mississippi, Dayton,
Dodge of Wisconsin, Greene, Hale, Hamlin, Hunter,
Mason, Miller, Morton, Phelps, Sebastian,
Seward, Smith, Soultf, Turney, Underwood, Uphsm,
and Yulee-?*8,
Nays?Messrs Atchison, Bradbury, Bright,
Cass, Clay, Dawson, Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa,
Douglas, Downs, Felch, Foote, Houston, Jones,
King. Mangum, Norris, Pratt, Rusk, Shields,
Spruauce, Sturgeon, Wales, Walker, and Whitcomb?25.
And the Senate at 5 o'clock adjourned.
Friday, July 26, 1850.
The subject was resumed, the question bring
on Mr. Ruck's amendment.
Mr. Hale was surprised that gentlemen, who
had voted down an amendment securing the
rights of both parties to the controversy, should
now bring forward sn amendment to secure the
rights of one party. After considerable discussion,
Mr. Bradbury asked the Senator from Texas
to modify his amendment so that it would read
Provultd. That in the mean time the rights of Texas
and tne United States, respectively, shall remain
unatfected by anything cont&iued in this
bill.
Mr. Rusk declined accepting the modification.
Mr. Mason opposed the amendment.
And the question being taken, the amendment
of Mr. Rusk was rejected by the following tote
Ykas?Messrs. Atchison, Bsrnwell, Dawson,
Downs, Houston, King. Mangum, Morton, Pratt,
Rusk, Sebastian, and Yulee?12.
Nays ? Messrs. Badger, Baldwin, Benton,
Bradbury, Bright, Cass, Chase, Clarke, Clay,
Cooper, Davis of Massachusetts, Davis of Mississippi,
Dayton, Dickinson, Dodge of Wisconsin,
Dodge of Iowa, Felch, Foots. Greene, Hsle,
Hamlin. Jones, Mason, Miller, Phelps, Seward,
Smith, 8ouM, Spruance, Sturgeon, Turney, Un
derwood, Upham, Wales, and Walker?VI.
Mr. Mason moved to strike out all of Mr.
Bradbury's amendment, and Insert as follows
" And it being inonmbent on the United States,
pursuant to the 'joint resolution for annexing
Texas to the United States,' approved 1st March,
1845, to preserve to Texas all the territory to
which that State is entitled, the President of the
United States shall be, and he is hereby authoriced
to appoint three commissioners, any two of
whom may act, and who, with such commissioners
as may be appointed with like authority under
legislative net of Texas, shall have power to ascertain
and determine ' the territory properly
included within and rightfully belonging to ' that
State on the western and northern borders thereof,
sinoe or under the treaty with Mexioo signed
at Quadelape Hidalgo, and to provide boundaries
accordingly. And the proceedings of said
commissioners shall be, as early as practicable,
transmitted to the President of the United States,
to be by him transmitted to Congress; and the
same, when approved by Congress sod the L' gislature
of Texas, shall be obligatory on the parties."
And the question being tsken thereon, it was
rr jected by the following vote;
Yxas?Messrs llarnwell, Kenton. Kutler, Chase,
Clarke, Davis of Mississippi, lisle, Houston,
Hunter, King. Mason, Morton, Rusk. 8sb?atlan,
Seward, Shields, Noulrf, Turney, Uphain, and
Yulee?'JO. ?
Nays ? Messrs Atchison, Badger, Herrien,
Itrsdhiiry, Krlght. <!ass. t'lav. Cooper. Davis of
Massachusetts, Dawson. Dayton, Dickinson,
Dodge of Wisconsin, Dodge of Iowa, Downs.
Kelolt, Foots, Oreens, Jones, Manguin, Mil'er,
Phelps, Pratt, Niuith. Nprusane, Sturgeon, U?
lUrwootl, W*ln*. nn?f WIIW-W
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L, WASHINGTON, D.
site qualification to entitle ft person to hold s
est in the 8enste. If a person presented himself
fts ft Senator, and refused to take an oath, he
would not be admitted to ft seat in the bodj. The
Senator from New York had sworn to support the
I Constitution of the United States, or else he
would not hare been admitted in the Senate.
Hut in the second speech deHrered by the Senator
in the Senate, be had taken the ground that
there was a law higher thantheConstitution.nnd
when they conflicted, he must obey that higher
law. That is, if this higher law required him to
do an unconstitutional act, he would do so. regardless
of the oath which he had taken That
t? if ? law war* introduced interfering with sla
very within the States of this Union, which was
an admitted unconstitutional act, the Senator
would, because of his obligation to this higher
law, vote for such an act, and that too after baring
sworn to support the Constitution
Mr Seward denied baring, at any time, or in
any place, erer uttered any of the sentiments at.
tributed to him by the Senator from Maryland.
Mr. Pratt said that the Senator had expressly
asserted that there existed a law higher than the
l Constitution, which he was bonnd to recognise
and obey, eren if that law was in oontiict with
the Constitution.
Mr. Seward denied baring said so.
Mr. Pratt said that he had heard the Senator
say so, and such was the unireraal understanding
! of the Senate.
Mr Seward said that he hAd nothing to do
with what was the unirersal understanding
at or assert as to tne oougauons 01 mis nigner
law, and maintained that his conclusions, as to
the Senator's course, drawn from the application
of that recognition of a law higher than the
Constitution, were correct.
The Senator from Naw York had eworn to
support that Constitution, and, when he came
here to take his seat, had it been known that he
did not regard that Constitution as the supreme
law for his government here, there is not a Senator
who would not object to hini as a member.
After that speech in which he had asserted his
duty to obey a law higher than the Constitution,
he had said to friends that the Senator had obtained
admission, under a concealment of his
views, and should be turned out of that body.
Mr. Seward said that he had never made any
proposition, here or elsewhere, which he was not
willing to stand by and support. He was prepared
to meet the responsibility of any act of his.
He would not engage in any personal remarks.
tie did not think there was any nun in the country
whose personal remarks were worthy of five
minutes .of the time of the Senate. He had spoken
of a higher law, which we are bound to obey,
higher than the Constitution, which regulates our
authority, and devotes it to the noble purposes of
justice^ and not in violation of, but in. harmony
MUir, Mik VyVO?*r?<^ftid.
He examined the objections to the amendment.
It was said that Congress knows nothing of the
Oonetitution of New Mexico. Every Senator
had a ?Apy Wit. HVhidi one ia.hkVm), reeved
from a delegate in the convention which
frame*] it. He wits as satisfied that that was the
Constitution of New Mexioo. as he was that the
Senator was elected, when his credentials were
read. It was objected that the Government of
New Mexico might be a regal one; the Constitution
itself refuted that position.
In the preamble to that Constitution, the people
of New Mexioo say:
" We, the people of New Mexico, in order to
establish justice, promote the welfare, Bnd secure
the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity,
acknowledging with grateful hearts the
goodness of the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe, and
imploring his aul aru! direction in its accomplishment,
do orduin and establish the following Constitution,"
fee.
Here there was a power higher than the Con
ititntion of the United States acknowledged, and
its aid implored to their direction in the accomplishment
of their object Such a recognition
was considered a heresy by the Senator from Maryland.
Mr. Pratt asked if the Senator meant to say
that he (Mr. P.) considered that a heresy ?
Mr. Seward said that because he had alluded
to the same Sovereign Power, he had been denounced
as guilty of a hereey by the Senator.
Mr. Pratt B&id the Senator said that which was
untrue.
Mr. Hale called the Senator to order.
Mr. Pratt liegged pardon for having said that
which he had ; but when a Senator did not slate
things correctly, he thought it perhaps the better
course to say nothing.
Mr. Sswurd said that it was of little oonse.......
t. u;?. ...v..,. v .. :.i ?v.i
ijuuuuc vu U1U1 nuuuci IUC ucuaiui satu BU^IIIIU(^ |
or not.
lie then uontiauwi kin r?m?rks in defence of
his amendment, and Maid that ho had aoU-d independently
in submitting it; and, whether he
stood alone or with others, he would stand by his
proposition.
Mr. Hale opposed the connection of this bill
with the adaiHitiou of New Mexico aa a State.
He then proceeded to comment upon the remarks
of Senators oonoorning "a higher law," &c.
Mr. Pratt said that the Senator from New
Hampshire bad mode one of his usual speeches.
The sumc smooth phrases and words were used
to-day that he imtvl on all occasions. The Senator
had applied his remarks to a state of facts
that did not exist, and that was the usual mode in
which the Senator met an argument. The Senator
had, as he always did, assumed a state of facts
to suit his stnn4ing set of phrases, and had not
adapted his language to the facts as they existed
The Senator knew that he had done this; tho
Senator knew tkat the faots of the argument were
not as he had slated them. He was replying to
the position thai thrro wan a law above the Constitution,
and which was to be obeyed when they
came into conflict, This the Senator knew was
what he had replied to. Vet theSehntor had addressed
the Set?te. assuming t hat he (Mr P j had
denied all obligation to the Sovereign Power of
the Universe.
The Senator from New Hampshire ha^i placed
him in the position of having denied all obligation
to the Divine aw, or tho precepts of the Hible.
He had as roudi regard for the Supreme Power,
whose name is w frequently desecrated here, as
that Senator.
Mr. Hale called the Senator to order
Mr. Husk tsked that tho words be taken
down.
Mr. Hale rtad the words for which he called
the Senator to?rder, ae follows " That Supreme
Power whose dame is so frequently desecrated
here by that $#Dator."
After some^marks by Messrs Chase, Hutler,
Hale, and Prtjt,
1 he unatr auu mat lie uia not unuerMianu (lie
Senator as ha^jng used the words written down,
or he would hfvo interfered. The language now
before the Cbdr wu certainly out of order.
Mr. I'ratt *#d that be had in the first instance
confined himgif to commenting, not upon the existence
of a sovereign power of the universe, but
upon that higher law which would justify a man
in swearing to support the Constitution, while
mentally reserving the right to obey another law,
even in violatiou o' the Constitution
I le regarded the higher law of which the Senator
from New Hampshire spoke, instead of authorising
a man to swear to support the Constitution
with a mental reservation, as making the obligation
to support that Constitution doubly strong in
oonse<|uenoe of that oath. The Senator from Connecticut
understood the Senator from New York
to speak of a law higher than the Constitution,
which was in harmony with the Constitution.
This was the law of Heaven, which made the obligation
to rapport that Constitution inviolable,
liut that was not the higher law spoken of by the
Senator from New York; that Senator spoke of a
higher law whloh, when it ooafiicted with the
Constitution, he waa to obey, regardless of the
Constitution and his oath to support it. For the
assertion of such a law he had alluded to the Senator
from New York, and bad suggested that,
having come into the Senate under a supposed
obligation to his oath, now that be acknowledged
none as against thirhigher law, he should be expelled
And if the Senator fron New Hampshire
hold similar doctrines and positions, he would
cheerfully unite him with ths Senator from New
York iu the expulsion.
Mr. Kaldwin read from Nr Kcwsrd's speech
the only sentence in which he had alloded to the
" higher law." It was to lha offset that there was
a law higher than ths Constitution. That the
Constitution devoted ths publio domain to the
purposes of Justioe. defence, welfare, and liberty,
and that ths law higher than the Constitution
regulates our authority over the domain, and devotes
it to the same nobis purpose*
Mr HrwarJ eaid I hut IhV epooch a? read by the
Senator front Connecticut ?u mbatim he had
Mr. Dael* of Mlaalaalppl en 1.1 thai he had been
ahawal front Ik* Nonet* for a (V* moment* When
H? went out aa amendment wn? pending 00 which
he wa* nreparmt to Tola, aa h? ha<t boon on all
pr*|m*ti(oa* connected with ikw bill. Hut on hia
return k* found ik* Meant* N(i(*l In 0 tbeologl?al
JI*|uUiilea. and kla mind wee not prepared to
rot* ?m? It al wmet II* wanted at loaat on*
ulfkl hr reflection. and a* tk* debate kad olo**d
w(?k n |OVW hy brother Baldwin, k* nornd that
Ik* Bonato adjourn |lA?fkl*r |
Mr CHp nakod Ik* fan* and nay*, wklrk war*
ardor*d, and, Ik* qawtioa .being lak*n, Ik* B*n
aha reNaed In adjawru, a* foil*we
Via* Meet* Baldwin, RnrnweU, lleaton,
Null**, Okana, ('lark*, Da vie of Maaaaekaewti*.
DoTlnnf Mlehnlppl, Dayton, Dodweof WUconMn,
tlrwana, llala. ltnmil?llwnt*r,k4eeo" MllUr,
M?*ton, toward, milk, Boat# "furney, Uphnm
and Vale* M
M*to Moaara At*kl*a* bailor, Berrien,
C., AUGUST 1, 1850.
Bradbury, Bright. Cam, Clay, Coopar. Daw^ t
son, Dickinson, l>odgo of Iowa, Douglas, Down", t
Felch, Foot?j Jones. King, Mangura, Pratt, I
Rusk, Sebastian, Shields, Spruance, Sturgeon,
Underwood, Wales Walker, and Whitcomb?VS t
Mr. Chase and Mr. Foote continued the debate r
on the u higher law," expulsion, kc. d
The question was then taken on the atnendmon#
nf M r ... I i. ' ? -? 1 ?
- ..ou , ,i nsn rt-jecieu oy lnc i
following vote: 1
Yka?Mr. Seward?1.
Nays?Messrs Atchison, Badger, Barnwell, <
I Bell, Benton, Berrien, Bradbury, Bright, Butler, i
. Cass, Clarke, Clsy.Cooper, Davia of Mississippi,
| Dawson, Dayton. Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa, <
J Douglas, Downs, Feloh, Koofe, Greene, Hunter,
i Jones. King, Mason, Morton. Pratt, Rusk, Sebas- I
tian, Shields, Smith, Soul?, Spruauce. Sturgeon, | I
Turney, Underwood, Wales. Walker, Whitoomb,
and Yulee?42. I
Mr Berrien moved that the Senate adjourn, t
; and the question being taken, was decided iu the 1
affirmative, as follows
Ykas?Messrs. Atchison, Baldwin, Barnwell, i
Bell, Benton, Berrien, Butler, Chase, Clarke, Davit
of Massachusetts, Davis of Mississippi, Dswj
son, Dayton, Greene, Hale, Hamlin, Hunter, Mason.
Miller, Morton, Sebastian Seward, Shields,
Smith, Soutf, Spruance, Turney, Underwood,
Upham, and Yulee?no.
Nays?Messrs. Badger. Bradbury, Bright,
Cass, Clsy, Cooper, Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa, ;
Douglas, Downs, Feloh, Foote, Jones, King. Prutt, |
Rusk. Sturgeon, Walker, and Whitcomb?10. i
Saturday, Ji ly 27, 1850.
The credentials of the Hon. Thomas Kwing, i
appointed by the Governor of Ohio, Senator, iu
the place of Mr. Corwin, resigned, were pre- j
sented by Mr. Davis of Massachusetts
Mr. Douglas of Illinois introduced a resolution
for the applieati n of the Previous Question in
the Senate. Laid over till Monday.
The death of Hon. Daniel P. King was announced
, the Senate adopted the usual resolutions,
and adjourned.
Monday', July 29, 1850.
The report of the Committee of Thirteen was
taken up, and the question being on Mr. Bradbury's
resolution, Mr. Dayton moved to strike
out all after the word u that." and iusert a pro- i
vision for the settlement of the controversy re- !
speeding the boundary of Texas by the Supreme
Court.
Mr Rusk denied the jurisdiction of the Court
over the case, and protested agiinst the delay at- j
tending proceedings before it. Mr Benton sup- ,
ported the motion. Mr. May opposed it. Mr.
Cass w is opposed to it; ho enlarged upon the
dangers of a collision with Texas, and sustained
Mr Bradbury's amendment. Mr. Male hud no
i donbt tKe* <Kia United Stat^yrnuhi eYi-ntnjmv
! be obliged to soffiumh to Teise, ana he tnoustit
the mode proposed by Mr. Dayton about The
; most graceful way of doing it. For himself, |
viewing the geographiosl composition of the .
( Court, he had no dtautft as to w^ia^ its decision
would be. The qnestiou was taken on Mr Dayj
ton's amendment, with the following result:
Ykas?Messrs Baldwin, Benton Chase.Clarke,
i Davis of Massachusetts, Dayton. Dodgeof Wisi
cousin, Ewing, Qreene, Halo, I (amiin, Miller,
Phelps, 8eward, Smith, Turney, Upham, and
Walker?18.
Navs?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Barnwell.
Bell, Berrien, Bradbury, Bright, Butler, Case,
Clay, Clemens, Cooper, Davis of Mississippi, j
Dawson, Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa, Downs, :
Felcb, Foote, Houston, Hnnter, Jones, King, i
Mangura, Mason. Morton, Norria Pearce, Pratt,
Rusk, Sebastian, Shields, Soulb, Spmanoe, Sturgeon,
Underwood,Wales,Whitoomb, and Yulee? j
:i9
Mr. Benton moved to amend the amendment
by adding thereto the following:
Provuftd, That no person shall be appointed a
commissioner under this act, who shall have
formed or expressed an opinion on the subject,
and who shall not be impartial or disinterested
in the event or question; and the said omunissinners
shall make a protocol of each conference
which they shall bold upon the subject, and shall
report the same to the President of the United ;
States, to be by him submitted to Congress ; and
the said commissioners shall he duly sworn to the
faithful discharge of their duties.
The question being token thereon, it was rejected
by the following vote :
Ykas?Messrs. Baldwin, Benton, Chase, Davis
of Mississippi, Dayton, Dodge of Wisconsin,
Hamlin, Mason, Miller, Seward, Upham, and
Walker?12.
Navm?Messrs Atchison, Badger, Bell, Berrien,
Bradbury, Bright, Butler, Cass, Clay, Clemens,
Cooper, Dawson, Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa, Kwing,
Felch, Foote. Houston, Hunter. Jones King
Mangum, Morton, Norris, Pearce, Pratt, Rusk,
Sebastian, Shields, Sprunnce, Sturgeon, Underwood,
and Whitoomb?3d.
The question recurring on the amendment of
Mr Bradbury, it was rejected, as follows
Ykas?Messrs. Atchison,"Badger, Bell, Berrien,
Bradbury, Bright, Com, Clarke, ('lay, Cooper,
Dhwmoii. Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa. Downs. Felcb,
Foots, Jones, King, Mangum, Norris, Fearer,
Pratt, Shield*. Spruance, Sturgeon, Underwood,
Wales, and Whitcoinb?28.
Nays?Messrs. Baldwin, Barnwell, Benton,
Butler, Chase, Clemens, Davis of Massachusetts,
Davis of Mississippi, Dayton, Dodge of Wisconsin,
EwiDg, Qreene, Male. Hamlin, Houston,
Hunter, Mason, Miller, Morton, Phelps, Rusk,
Sebastian. Seward, Smith, Soul6, Turney, Uphatn,
and Y u lee?2H.
Absent?Messrs. Douglas, Borland, und Walker,
and one vacancy.
Mr. Bradbury subsequently offend substantially
the same amendment, and Mr. Husk moved i
a proviso that
"The orders of the military commander at
Hants Fe, for the formation of a State or Territorial
Government, with all action which has been i
taken under said orders, be, and thesume is hereby.
declared null and void.
And the question being taken thereon, it was
rejected, as follows:
Ykan?Messrs Atchison, Butler, Clemens,
Dodge of Iowa, Downs, Houston, Jones, King, 1
Mason, Morton, Rusk, and Turney?12
Nays?Messrs. Badger, Baldwin, Barnwell, 1
Bell, Berrien, Bradbury, Bright, Cass, Chase, 1
Clarke, Clay, Cooper, Davis of Massachusetts, j
Davis of Missisiippi, Dawson, Dayton, Dickinson,
Dodge of Wisconsin, Kwing, Felch, Foofe,
Greene, Hsle, Hamlin, Mangum, Miller, Norris, '
I'earce, Phelps, Pratt, Reward, Shields, Smith,
Sou!?, Spruanoe, Sturgeon, Underwood, Upbam, 4
Wales, Walker, Whitcomb, Mini Yulee?42
Mr Maaon moved to ntnend the amendment 1
by striking out all after the word* " the limits of 'f
the same," so mm to leave It m provision to ascerHiin
and define only the true and legitimate limits
of T?*iaa.
And the question boing taken, the motion was
rejected, ns follow* : g
Ykas ?Messrs Baldwin, Barnwell, Denton, /
Duller, Chase, Clarke, Clemens, Davis of Msssa- ,j
ohiinetts Davis of Mississippi, Dayton, Dodge of f
Wisconsin, 1'wing, Greene, Hale, Hamlin, Hous- e
ton, Hunter, Mason, Miller, Morton, Phelps,
Husk, Sebastian, Seward, Smith, Soulri, Turney,
Upham, and Yulee?29
Nay*?Messrs. Atchison, Dodger, Dell, Der- H
rien, llradbury, Bright, C as, Clay, Cooper,
Dawson, Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa, Douglas, e<
Downs, Fetch, Foole, Jones, King, Mangum, ft
N orris. Pearoe, Pratt, ShieldM, Hpruanoe, Stur- si
geon, Underwood, Wales, Walker, and Whit- w
comb?29. tl
Mr. Hale tnovod to amend the amendment by oi
striking out the words "or at any period since tl
that date." And the motion was rejected by the vi
following vote : *'
Ykas?Messrs. Baldwin Denton, Chose, Clarke, ni
Davis of Massachusetts. Dayton, Dodfe of Wisconsin,
Greene, Hale, Hamlin. Miller, Seward,
Smith, Upham, and Walker?IS
Nays?Mi-oars. Atchison, Dodger, Darn well,
Bell, Berrien, Bradbury, Bright, Butler,
Case, Clay, Clemens, Cooper, Davis of Mississlppi,
Dawson, Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa, Dong- d<
las, Downs, Kwing, Felch, Foots, Houston, Hunter,
Jones, King, Mangum, Mason, Morton, Nor- c*
ris, Pratt, Husk, Sebastian, Shields, Soni/j, Hpru- hi
ance, Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood, Wales,
Whitcomb, and Yulee?41.
Mr. Turney moved to amend the amendment
by adding thereto aa follows
Provulrd, That in the event of theComralsaion- tu
#-111 I. 11. - .... II.. .... .....ml VI
wr* inniKK IV uvivriuiuv wot, mil tssoe-j ?w |^v><Ui /
ar/ consideration shall begiren to reconcile either
pert f to a departure therefrom
Misers Koote and Turns/ debated this auiendroent,
and the ipieetion being taken thereon, it
wae rejeoti<1 \,y the following rote
Yl*??Meoeri Baldwin, Harowell, Benton,
Butler, Chase, Clarke, Clemene. Deris of Maeeaohusetts.
Davis of Mississippi. Dodge of Wiaoon- *
sin. Hale. Hunter, Mason, Miller Morton. Howard.
Houlri, Turns/. IJphani, and Yulee?VO. '
Navs?Messrs Atchison, Badger, Bell, iter- J.
rien, Bradbnr/, Bright, Cass, Cl*r,Cooper. Daw- 01
eon, Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa Douglas, Downs, j"
Kwing. Felob, Foots, Hamlin, Jones, King, Man- *
gum, Norrle, I'earce, Pratt, Nhields, Hmitb, flpruasos,
Hturgeon, Underwood, Wales, and Whitoomb?TJ.
'
Mr Hale mored, and the Henate then ad- B<
>>? ??' "
fo
iioi'sk or RKMtaatirrATivKs. I,
Wsi.eaatiA*, Jul* Ui, IMO. in
Mr Potter, from the Committee on the Poet C
Office, reported a bill to reduoe the rales of poet- ?i
age Referred to the Committee of the Whole n
on the state of the Union. s
Mr Browo, from the Committee on the DU- h
rict of Columbia, reported a bill granting lan 1
o the District of Columbia for school purposes,
deferred to Committee of the Whole House.
The House resolved itself into Committee of
he Whole on the state the Union. The Chairnan
(Linn Boyd) announced the business in crier
to he the President's California message.
Mr. Bayly moved to lay it aside, and take up,
nstead. the West Point Aoademy appropriation
)ill.
ivir i-reaton rving demanded tellers, am tellts
being ordered. the motion of Mr. Bayly was
tgroed to?yens t>3, nnya 00.
After a good deal of discussion, which turned
:hietly on the California question, on motion of
Mr Butler of Pennsylvania the Committee rose,
to enable Mr. Bnyly to submit the usual resolution
to termin tte debate on the Went Point bill
After agreeing to close it half an hour after
(Coing into Committee, the House resolved itself
igain into Committee of the Whole on the state
of the Union.
Messrs Burt and Marshnll both submitted
amendments, the Committee rose, and the House
adjourned.
Tin rsuav, Jt'lv 25, 1850.
Mr. Young, from the Committee on Agricul
uire. reponea duck, with an amendmeut. the bill
to enoourage agriculture, by giving to nny man or
woman, the head of a family and a citizen of the
United State*, and who may cultivate the same, a
quarter section of land, without cost
The hill haviug been read, the question was
/- ?
mi. ounnnun or 1 enneaaee said that the bill
wan of more importance than any other which had
been presented to the consideration of the House,
and, save one measure, any that could be brought
forward. Five years ago he introduced this proposition,
or the principle on which it was based.
He knew that it was then said it wss intended to
catch votes, ami was demsgoguism ; butsince that
time various measures had been introduced to
dispose of the public lands , and he asked, in the
name of those who toil and sweat, that they may
be permitted to participate in the bounties of the
tiovernruent. We go over the water to extend
our sympathies When a little revolution breaks
out. we hear from every mouth about opening our
doors to the sufferers, and inviting them to this
country, and tendering to them land Hut the
poor men at home, citixcns of the United Slates,
who, when the tocsin of war is sounded, are
read.v to sacrifice their lives and shed their blood,
are little cared for. He caused to he read three
authorities, as the substratum on which to erect
his little edifice on this occasion. The first was
that of Moses, namely, "the land shall not he
sold forever. The land is miue, for you are
strangers with me the next was that of Vattel,
in argument of the free tillage of the soil. and
the third on the authority of General Jaolcson
in <:? .** uyvMS" <*
settlors,* at a cost barely sufficient to reimburse
the United States for the cost of survey
and the extinguishment of the Indian titles We
too ttOJtei.ud as a whole people; ns iaAtviduala,
not enongh. I le asked where the Government
obtained the right to withhold the soil
from the producer. It was not derived from the
Constitution, it was not derived from any great
principle of nature, and there ahould he no more
restriction than on air, light, or water Carry
out the principles of the bill, snd our resottroes
would be increased, and the population of the
country he made better and happier.
He wanted all to stand on the great platform
of equality, snd that every man may have a home?
a fireside. Nineteen out of tw uty of the people
are better than their rulers. He w as for serving
the people, who had made him what he was; and
God willing so long as he lived, and had a tongue 1
Hi impair r?r u vnfn ii\ Kn ut.miI.1 '
people. They nre entitled to honest nnd fair representatives,
and their wishes should he known
and acted upon.
After speaking for an hour in favor of the
bill, he gave notice of his intention to submit an
amendment.
Mr. Bayly stated that after the bill now before
the Committee was disposed of, he would move to
take up the other annual appropriation bills in the
following order, namely the Revolutionary Pension,
the Nuvy Pension, the Indian, the Fortification,
the Post Office, the Civil and Diplomatic, the
Navy, nnd the Army hills. Unasked that general
debate be not indulged on the first five, and
that gentlemen would reserve their discusaion for
the last three. If this suggestion be acquiesced
in, in a short time all the bills but these would be
disposed of.
Mr. Sun ton of Tennessee wished to know at
what time Congress would be ready to adjourn, if
this oourse be pursued.
Mr. Bayly replied that Congress would be
ready to adjourn when the appropriation bills are
passed ami that would depend on the mnouer in
which business is transacted here. If his suggestion
should be acquiesced in. the bills could be pussssed
in a fortnight.
Mr. Bissell inquired, if the bills nre passed, and
Congress then adjourn, what would become of
California? If an acquiesence in the suggestion
would throw her out, he was opposed to it.
Mr. Bayly said that he had made a suggestion
only ns to the bills whioh he had in charge The
admission of California would depend on the
House and the Committee. He then replied to
the remnrks of Mr Marshall, delivered yesterday.
Mr Crowell inquired whether the California
bill will again be before the Committee after this
shall have been disposed of.
The Chairman replied in the affirmative.
Mr. Crowell asked whether it would lie in order
to lay the bill aside, with a recommendation that
it be reported to the House
The Chairman replied: Not while amendments
arc pending.
Various amendments were scted on, and debate
indulged
The Committee rose without coming to a conclusion
on the bill; and, at four o'clock, the
House adjourned
Friday, July 20, 18f>0.
The House proceeded to the consideration of
the bill granting land to landless men Mr. Brown
?f Mississippi supported the policy of the bill It
was then referred to the Committee of the Whole
on the stste of the Union Mr. Moore moved a
reconsideration of the vote so referring it, and
>n this ev'ion he took occasion to denounce the
ill, and charge its advocates with drinsgngnism
\n Irregular discussion took plsoe. which was
ut short by n motion to go into Committee of
he Whole on the state of the Union.
I he went roiiu Appropriation mil was men
nken up, the amendment! were agreed to, and
be bill wiiH reported to the Iioute, which con:urred
in tome amendment*. rejected other*, and
Innlly panted the bill.
The Houae then adjourned.
Saturday, Jiu.y 'Jl, 1830.
The death of Mr King, n month r from Mae
aohuaetU, was announced by Mr, Rockwell
Appropriate remark! wre made reapecting the
eoeated, by Mettera Koukwell, Winthrop, und
'handler, lite cuatomory reaolutionH wero adoptd,
and the (lotiae adjourned.
Monday, July 'JO, 1830.
Varioue motion* were made to fix upon aomn
me for adjourning both Houtet, hut they failed.
The llouee In Committee of the Whole rejeet1
the motion of Mr Hayly, to lay oalde the Callirnla
meaiatge, by a role of Mh to 83, and that
ibjeot wae then taken up Varioua amendment*
ere moved?five minutee' tpnechet were made?
te Committee roae, aometimee finding iteelf withnt
a quorum?calla of the Houae were made?
te yeae and nay a were frequently ordered on
irioua motion*, which had no object hut deity;
fid at laat, after a uaeleaa aeaaioti, the Houae
rar ail o'clock adjourned
THE CABIMKT MINIXTKRH.
Of theaeven Cabinet Miniatera heretofore anjunced
km having been appointed by the I'real?nt
of the United Htatca, with the advice and
intent of the Henate, the following have noipted
their appointment*, and being here pree at,
?ve been duly comniitaioned, vix
Mr. Webater, the Secretary of State.
Mr. Corwin, the Secretary of the Traaaury.
Mr. Hall, the 1'oatinaater General.
Of the remaining four, it it understood that the
Mowing accept their appointmentt, but have not
et reached the city, vix Mr.
Grabain Secretary of the Navy.
Mr. Crittenden, Attorney General
LYNCH LAW I* VIRf,!.\l.t.
la Culpcper county, oo WdDeiotr lt?i, eiaw<m
mob aeeemblod nt th? Court ilouee, and,
lough rrelated by I he ihrriff At the Jell door, en- j
red the jail and took therefrom by force, William
rayeoo, a free negro, charged with the mturder
' Datid W. Miller, and bong him by the aeek 1
itil dead. The Superior Court of Cnlpeper had
rioe ooBfleted Gray eon, and the General Court
Id twice granted him a new trial. In the laat
>inlon the General Court aald, "Upon the whole
ae, we are of the opinion that the teetimony la
ft onlr not euffleient to prove the guilt of the
MOaed, but that U u hardly mfietent ta raw a
ijncion agatntl Htm. The judgment muet therere
be reverend and a new trial awarded." Thia
ifuriated mob, ooseiating, ae we regret to learn,
i part of juatloee of the peace ami of member* of
hriatlan churcken, have thua by vlolenoe reereed
the deoieiou of the hlgkeet criminal tribaat
In the State, and been guilty of a foul, oowrdlf,
and ftendieh murder, and that, too, of n
elpleee free negro, with none to defend hlui nor
S3
123
avenge his wrongs. Orajwn, we learn, avowed
bis innocence on the gallows. One minute was
given him in which he was told he was to confess
his guilt; this he refused to do, and told them to
execute him at once, which they did
This first attempt at Lynch law in this Com
monwealth should be rebuked with firmnem and
punished with severity. Unless speedily cheeked
in its course, it must overthrow all government,
and render life, liberty, and property, without
protection. It rests with the legally-constituted
authorities of Virginia to wipe off this fool blot
from her character. We trust in God's name
they will not fail to do it.?FrvUricksburq RfitorJtr.
oi-kix. imiro , uiuo, juiy 10, iwi
Dr.AH Sir : We, the undersigned, are FreeSoHers
We advocated the election of our Representative,
Mr. L. D Campbell, believing him
to be true in bis opposition to the increase of 81*
i very and the 81ave Power. Lately, a newspaper
in our district has repeatedly denounced him as
a " Doughface" In justice to Mr. Campbell, as
well as to ourselves, we desire you to state, briefly,
whether his course in Congress has shown him to
: he 11 (rush/ fri'iiil of th* ll'i/mor Provuo, and of fA'
Const of FifJom, or whether it haa been such as
to warrant the charge that he is a " Doughface? "
Respectfully, yours,
M A Ml.ON w RIGHT,
Ai.raan Thowas,
E. Q. Potts,
, Josun Wrujht.
lr. E*A('oi of th' KationuI Era.
We answer with a great deal of pleasure, that
, Mr. Campbell is " a trusty friend of the Wlltnot
j Proviso, nnd of the Cause of Freedom," und that
i he has done nothing since be took his seat in Con!
gms, to '' warrant the charge that he is a Doughface."
On all the ijuestiohs at is ue tart wten Slavery
Freedom, ss they arise in Congress, he it true to
himself, to his constituents, to the cause of Hu
ui.LI. ?11- t i' - --- ?
I uiuu ui|(ui??liim u* in sine as in* is raittifni
K<i K'n
TIIK ( HI \TF.SS (IF (NSll.LI.
The Philadelphia llull-Am bss the following
notice of the gitte<< lady who met en untimely
death last week by the wreck of the brig Elisabeth
on the shore of Fire Iwlnrid :
"The Countess of Ossilli?better known %i
Margaret Fuller?was the daughter of Hon. Tim
othy Fuller, a lawyer of Boston, but nearly all his
life & resident of Cambridge, and a Represents
tire of the Middlesex District in Congress from
IH.J7 to IR'i'j. She was the first hatnjat sjr cty . Bb
Kinrn^hftd'eariy urspisycu greic larcUiV which hci
father, with more regard for her mental than her
bodily health, stimulated by incessant study. The
early dsw'b r*$, thi^ptrent left JV1 argaret to depcix#
on herself for a lirelibood Accordingly she ap
plied herself to teaching as a rcoation?first in
Boston, then in Prorldenoe, and afterwards in
Boston again. In lH4t she abandoned teaching
and assumed the critical department of the 7Yi
hunt-, where her articles attracted much attention
The following year she rtailed Europe, as a cor
respondent of the Name paper, and continued to
reside abroad, where she had marrtsH nnllt o
weeks prior to her tlenth. She was the author
of two noticeable works?' Bummer on the Lake*
and 'Woman in the Nineteenth Century;' he
aides numerous shorter articles, the heat of which
were collected by Putnam, iu I84?l, under the
title of11 Papers on Literature and Art."
The Hon. Thomas Ewing (lateHecretary of the
Interior) has been appointed, by the Governor of
the .State of Ohio, to be Senator of the United
States (until an alection is made by the Legis
lature of that State) to succeed Mr. Corwin, resigned.
We are pained to hear that a telegraphic despatch
was received just before the adjournment of
the House yesterday, by Mr. Winthrop, announcing
the death of the Hon. Daniel P King, Representative
iu Congress from the Seoond Congreaaioiuti
District ?t Massachusetts He died at his
residence iu Danvers, on Thuraday afternoon,
where he happened to be on a visit to his family,
having left this city in good health but a few
days ago.
Mr. King has ably represented his district in
Congress for many years, and was highly esteem
ed by all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance.?
National Inttllvfencr.
NOTICE.
A regtiler meeting of the Weehlngtou Sorlety for f ree
i'?i)kiph win ne iiriu ai temperance null, on r riday even
inK, August 'id, at H o'clock. Subject for discussion," Can
*iiy act of ' on*r*re justify tn attempt to dissolve tb*
Union!" The pnbllo are respectfully Invited to attend
Hy order JOHN M. MsCAI.LA, /Veeufetif
H. O. MeCUTCHKN, Secretary
TO PERSONS DESIROUS OF EMPLOYMENT.
Young men, ami yontbe even down to fourteen yeare of
age, of a fair common school education, and who ran write a
tolerably |ood band, residing In any part of lb* Untied
Statue, will, by aildreael ii|| a letter (poet paid) to "Hoi N>
d,t*Slt, New York Poet Ofllca," rooel ?e Information of a mode
In wbltih they ran tie employed with poonnlary profit to
tlieinaelvee fur a few weeks, or, in <'*ee of euroeae, perms
uently, while at the aama time they will aid an eitaneiva
plan for tb* Improvement of education throughout the
country. Kdltore f'tleudly to education will please oopy
tbia initio#.?Ar'eio York Tribune.
OAK HALL, BOSTON.
The largest stock of Children's Clothing to tie found In
New Kngland le kept by tieorge W. Simmons. I tmee go
lug to the City of Notions should make It a point to visit
his elogant sales room, and make their purchases
Iff FO WLICKS 4 WKl.LH, I'/u tno'ifttli owl P, b
liihori, Clinton Hall, 131 Nassau street, New York Oflce
of the I Cuter Cure and P/irtnolagirtil Journal*
jcur pi'iti.ian m?,
RKPI.Y t? Itenisrke of Kev. Moaes Stuart on Hon. John
Jay, and an Kiamlnatlun of hie Scriptural Pierrlses.
contained In bis recent pamphlet entitled " Conscience and
the Constitution " lly Wllllsin Jay. An octavo pamphlet
In a nsat cover. I'rlce II cent* Por sale by
Aug. I. WM HAKNKD.f.l Jobn street, N. York
CINCINNATI NATIONAL ERA AO EM V,
Mo. U'lH Main ifreef, a ftw tloorn Mow fith, wit lule.
'PHK National Kra Is delivered by a carrier In any part of
I the <dty at fJHtt a year,/ree of paituft. Thoa* who
prefer It can I* supplied by the month, at 3fi sents par
mouth. Single copies can alao be bail. Price by mall, %1
l*r "ear
Sntiscrlptlone aleo received for the Friend of Youth, edited
by Mm M. I. Hullof pottatt, dallrarad In My pari
ot thr oily, at 7f> ft' nf? a year, nr Ml wnU by mall
Niibarrlplioiia ami adrar Urinaria rrralrrd, ami My bat!
nraa njnnactril with that* impara atl?n<l?(1 to by
JOHN KIKM AN
* N PKfRCB,
Aug. I. Agtnli for National Bra
Pll VMKX F.iiiCAI. I UM.EUE, CINCINNATI, O.
FACULTY Tuktti
A t.'urtU, M. lb, I'rvfaaaor of InatitutM or PriiioU
plan ot Afrdlftlna A12 00
J. I onriniiy, M. lb, Prufacaor of Praetlaal Modi
nllift ami Obata rlfta - - . 12 00
K. II htuebwall, M lb, Prufaaagr of Anatomy and
Phyalolotry 00
P. M Parrltt, M Ii , Pnfraaur of f hamlafry and
Mailatl Jiiriiiiruiixofta 12 00
J Brown, M. ?>., Profaaaor of Botany, Malaria
Ma. I Ira, Pharmacy, and Tharaoantlea 12 00
i A Pow<ir?, M. " , Profaaaur of sturgtr/ -12 00
K. M Htoehwall.M fb, Hainonatratur of Anatomy B 00
J. HROWN, /Joan
\Yintkk Haaaion or 1850
Will oommanra ou tba Brat Munday of Nor am bar, and aoo
tiiiua aarauUtn aula, aha iaat woofc dorotod to tba eandl
dataa fur graduation.) Tba aiptiiM of tUluU, ?72, matalftiilation,
$11; graduation, $20. Board, from $2 to $3 fat
waall.
tint build red ilolkara in adranoa. will aoaura a oarUBoaia
ibat will rutltlr tba purobaaar (ur bla aaalgnaa) to aa many
coiiraaa of laoturaa aa b? may raqulra for graduation; or It
will antltla tba aubaarlbor to a ahart In tba b'ollago ground
and kulldlnga Aug I ?Im
UTTMLV9 UTIM auk.
CXiNTKNTX OP No. 3T. ? Prioo, twalra nod a ball
J aanta.
I Kanaut Arctic Kai>adltlona ? tjnital Sort ft M.igaimt
2. AMiinin for lit* H'ttiM* or rariuiurnrmprtaivt
3 l??t'*r* fr-na Jtnal**.? Ntv Ymk Aiming Hail
4 Tb* hp*nl?h B?uty ? llmtlrg'i MurtUmny.
f. Kiit? *(< ? uf l?l I-If* ?KclTiu Hrewm
6 luhorab'* IHtrr, Kirl I V ? Hharfe'i MngttHu
7 Pk?nt**t? of Wtlyurgl* Nl?bt ?jCtcJutkk*
H Our Old Hr**?n)tk*r ? < Jmtrnul
J. Au ld*tl Wuintn.? luuiiti' CoMMkU*.
III. Tb* Ur*?l Halt !.*?? ? NiUumnl hUiUtgm.r>
II Hut* Ntlur* Prof I'I* a (*ui|***T? HorKttur Ad*#?Uiir.
WiMiMroi,0NHa?rl7,MM.
or til tb* P*rl*dl*tl d***t*d u iiuratar* aad
i*I*im>*, wblab abound la K trap* aad la tkla aaaatry, tbla
baa appttrad ta at* ta b* tb* aioat u?ful It ?aula* la1?1
Ut* aaiwaltiaa atly *1 tb* aartaat llUattar* af U?
Kngllah laaguM*, bat tbla, by Ita laatw* aaunt tad
pr*b*ii*l?a, I u? I udaa a portraltur* wf tb* banian aOad la
tb* atMataspatulaa af tb* y****att|a
J.Q. APAMb.
PublUbad vt*fcly,nt *li dollar* a raar, by
K. LITTKLI- 4 CO.,
Caraar *f Ttaaaoat tad BreeAei* atraata.Baetae
0T- far tal* by JObfcPH MHILLINOTOH, Mraab af
Poor aad a-ballatrtat aad Pttaaj I mat* braaaa, WeeMag
tab.
PBAOMAND NOIILTM,
ATTORNEY AND COU MELLON AT LAW,
Wll.l. paaatlM la tb* aaaaaal antrt* la tb* IHaUbat, abd
atuad u tb* bib af ataJaa* agalaat Umn
?nl.
OA?, aarta* *f K tad Maatalb ***a*t*. *yb*aA? Mb*?**
rtl Pa*t OA?
Rafaaa u AdMur *f Madiaal bra, abd Mtatbaaa afCaarV??
fruit Mtryltad, Ptaa*ylraal*. Maaa?buaatta, tad
t? Htiap*htr? laly lb

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